Chile national football team
The Chile men's national football team represents Chile in major international football competitions and is controlled by the Federación de Fútbol de Chile, established in 1895. The team is referred to as La Roja, they have appeared in nine World Cup tournaments and were hosts of the 1962 FIFA World Cup where they finished in third place, the highest position the country has achieved in the World Cup. Since the mid to late 1960s, the Elo ratings ranks Chile among the 10 strongest football teams in the world. Chile are the reigning Copa América champions. Prior to this, Chile had been runners-up in the competition on four occasions; as a result of winning the 2015 Copa América, they qualified for the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, where they finished second. The Federación de Fútbol de Chile is the second oldest South American federation, having been founded in Valparaíso on 19 June 1895. Chile is one of the four founding member nations of CONMEBOL. Together with Argentina and Uruguay, the four competed in the first South American Championship to be renamed the Copa América, in 1916.
On 12 October 1926, Chile made the first corner-kick goal in Copa América history in a match against Bolivia. Chile was one of the thirteen national teams that competed in the inaugural World Cup in 1930; the team started off well, beating France without conceding a goal. A 3–1 loss to Argentina in the final game left the Chilean team in second place within the group, eliminating it from the tournament. In the 1950 World Cup, Chile defeated the United States, 5–2, but was eliminated in the first round; the best Chilean result in the World Cup was third place in 1962, as the host nation. Chile lost 4–2 to eventual champion Brazil in a semi-final but went on to defeat Yugoslavia 1–0 to earn third place. Chilean players made two World Cup firsts: the first player to miss a World Cup penalty kick was the Chilean Guillermo Subiabre, in a 1930 FIFA World Cup match against France, Carlos Caszely of Chile became the first player to be sent off with a red card, during a match against West Germany at the 1974 World Cup.
La Roja's most infamous moment, known as the "Roberto Rojas scandal" or in Chile as "El Maracanazo", occurred on 3 September 1989. At a 1990 FIFA World Cup qualifying match at Rio de Janeiro's Maracanã stadium, Brazil led Chile 1–0 and La Roja needed to win. Chilean goalkeeper Roberto Rojas fell to the pitch with an apparent injury to his forehead. A firework had been thrown from the stands by a Brazilian fan named Rosenery Mello do Nascimento and was smouldering about a yard away. After Rojas was carried off the pitch, the Chilean players and coaches claimed that conditions were not safe and they refused to return, so the match was abandoned. However, video footage of the match showed. FIFA forfeited the game to Brazil, Chile was banned from the qualifiers for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Rojas was banned for life, although an amnesty was granted in 2001. On 19 July 2007, the Chilean Football Federation banned six of the national team players, because of "internal indiscipline" during the Copa América tournament, for 20 international matches each and none of the players will be allowed to captain the national team.
The players banned were captain Jorge Valdivia, defenders Álvaro Ormeño, Rodrigo Tello, Jorge Vargas, Pablo Contreras and striker Reinaldo Navia. Nelson Acosta's resignation as manager came. Chile had qualified to the quarter-finals after a 3–2 win against Ecuador, a 0–0 draw against Mexico, but two losses, one of those being a 6–1 defeat against Brazil, sealed Acosta's fate. Former Argentina manager Marcelo Bielsa was given the task of becoming the Chile national team manager in preparation for the 2010 World Cup qualifiers. On 16 October 2008, Chile beat Argentina 1–0 for the first time in a qualifying competition, making history. Marcelo Bielsa was acclaimed for this accomplishment by both Argentinian people; this match was seen as one of the reasons. After finishing in second place of the CONMEBOL qualifiers for the 2010 FIFA World Cup held in South Africa and reaching the round of 16 at the tournament, head coach Marcelo Bielsa extended his contract with the Chilean national team until 2015.
Bielsa stated that he would leave his position if Jorge Segovia were elected as President of the Chilean Football Board. He followed through on this threat, despite Segovia's election being annulled, resigned in February 2011. Claudio Borghi became Chile's manager in March 2011. After a string of bad performances and harsh criticisms, Claudio Borghi stepped down as Chile's manager in November 2012. A new manager, Jorge Sampaoli, was appointed in December 2012. A disciple of Marcelo Bielsa, Jorge Sampaoli broke new records for La Roja by winning 10, drawing 3, losing only 3 of 15 games as the head of the Chilean national team. With Sampaoli, Chile were able to qualify for 2014 FIFA World Cup, reaching to the round of 16, where Chile lost to Brazil in penalties. In the 2015 Copa América, Chile won their first game with 2 -- 0 being the score. In their second game, Chile drew against Mexico. Chile advanced to the knockout stage as Group A winners with 7 points and most goals scored of any team in the tournament.
They beat Uruguay in the quarterfinals and Peru in the semifinals. In the final, Chile defeated Argentina on penalties after a 0–0 draw, to win their first Copa America title. In January 2016, just six months af
2016 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup
The 2016 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup was the fifth edition of the FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup, the biennial international women's youth football championship contested by the under-17 national teams of the member associations of FIFA. The tournament was held in Jordan from 30 September to 21 October 2016. While the role of women in sport was regarded as controversial due to cultural and religious conservatism in some countries of the Middle East, this tournament was the first female FIFA tournament held in the region; the following countries submitted a bid to host the tournament by the May 2013 deadline: Bahrain Jordan Republic of Ireland South AfricaOn 5 December 2013, the FIFA Executive Committee announced that the tournament would be held in Jordan. A total of 16 teams qualified for the final tournament. In addition to Jordan who qualified automatically as hosts, the other 15 teams qualified from six separate continental competitions; the slot allocation was published in June 2014. The three host cities were Amman and Zarqa.
The infrastructure of the stadiums and surrounding areas in the host cities was developed. Greater Amman Municipality and the Higher Council for Youth were responsible for developing the infrastructure, with 30% under the responsibility of the municipality and 70% under the responsibility of the council; the official emblem was unveiled on 3 May 2015, designed to showcase Jordan's most iconic symbols. Visual aspects of the Jordanian culture can be seen on the emblem that has the traditional shape of the FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup Trophy, which include. In a FIFA press conference on 28 May 2016, the tournament mascot Aseela was introduced. Aseela is an Arabian oryx, a rare animal that happens to be the national animal of Jordan; the Arabian Oryx was chosen for being a symbol of " strength and athleticism", resembling female football players. The mascot is expected to inspire young women across Jordan and the region to participate in watching the tournament; each team named a squad of 21 players by the FIFA deadline.
All players must be born on or after 1 January 1999, on or before 31 December 2001. The official squads were announced on 23 September 2016. A total of 16 referees, 1 reserve referee, 28 assistant referees were appointed by FIFA for the tournament; the official draw was held on 30 May 18:00 EEST, at the Al Hussein Cultural Centre in Amman. The teams were seeded based on their performances in previous U-17 Women's World Cups and confederation tournaments, with the hosts Jordan automatically seeded and assigned to position A1. Teams of the same confederation could not meet in the group stage; the match schedule was approved by the FIFA Executive Committee on 25 May 2015, announced on 10 August 2015. The top two teams of each group advance to the quarter-finals; the rankings of teams in each group are determined as follows: If two or more teams are equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings are determined as follows: All times are local, EEST. In the knockout stages, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, a penalty shoot-out is used to determine the winner.
8 goals 5 goals 4 goals 3 goals 2 goals 1 goal Own goal The following awards were given for the tournament: FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup Jordan 2016, FIFA.com FIFA Technical Report
2010 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup
The 2010 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup women's football tournament is the second such tournament, was held in Trinidad and Tobago from 5 to 25 September 2010. Sixteen teams, comprising representatives from all six confederations, took part in the final competition, in which Trinidad and Tobago had a guaranteed place as the host nation; the qualifiers took place during late 2009 and early 2010. The places were allocated as follows to confederations: AFC, CAF, CONCACAF, CONMEBOL, OFC, UEFA, plus the host country. On 30 June 2010, President of Nigeria Goodluck Jonathan announced he would suspend the Nigeria Football Federation from FIFA competition for 2 years; this put the Flamingoes place at the competition in jeopardy. On 5 July 2010, the ban was lifted. During preparation four stadia were constructed in 2001; these four venues along with Hasely Crawford Stadium in Port of Spain, Trinidad are the venues for the women's competition. The opening phase of the tournament comprised four groups of four teams, with the top two sides in each section advancing to the quarter-finals.
The final draw to determine the groups took place in Port of Spain and Tobago on May 5, 2010. Tie breakers in the group stage are: greatest number of points obtained in all group matches goal difference in all group matches greatest number of goals scored in all group matchesIf more than two or more teams are still tied after that: greatest number of points obtained in matches between concerned teams goal difference in matches between concerned teams greatest number of goals scored in matches between concerned teams fair play point system, in which the yellow and red cards of group matches are evaluated drawing of lots Match times are local time. Match times are local time. Match times are local time. Match times are local time. 8 goals Yeo Min-Ji7 goals Kyra Malinowski6 goals Kumi Yokoyama Loveth Ayila5 goals Lena Petermann Ngozi Okobi Kim Kum-Jong4 goals Lena Lotzen Yōko Tanaka3 goals 2 goals 1 goal Own goal Jermaine Seoposenwe Ivana Andres FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup Trinidad & Tobago 2010, FIFA.com FIFA Technical Report
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia and Tonga; because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal and plant life; the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington. Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration; the official languages are English, Māori, NZ Sign Language, with English being dominant. A developed country, New Zealand ranks in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy; the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, agriculture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and named it Staten Land "in honour of the States General", he wrote, "it is possible that this land joins to the Staten Land but it is uncertain", referring to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America, discovered by Jacob Le Maire in 1616. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand. Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand.
It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa referring to just the North Island. Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South. In 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm; the New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, names and alternative names were formalised in 2013. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, South Island or Te Waipounamu. For each island, either its English or Māori name can be used. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations suggest New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1250 and 1300, concluding a long series of voyages through the southern Pacific islands.
Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. The population was divided into iwi and hapū who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. At some point a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture; the Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862 because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases contributed. In 1862 only 101 survived, the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933; the first Europeans known to have reached New Zeala
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island country, the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean. It is situated 130 kilometres south of Grenada off the northern edge of the South American mainland, 11 kilometres off the coast of northeastern Venezuela, it shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, Venezuela to the south and west. The island of Trinidad was a Spanish colony from the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1498 until Spanish governor Don José María Chacón surrendered the island to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby in 1797. During the same period, the island of Tobago changed hands among Spanish, French and Courlander colonisers more times than any other island in the Caribbean. Trinidad and Tobago were ceded to Britain in 1802 under the Treaty of Amiens as separate states and unified in 1889. Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.
As of 2015, the sovereign state of Trinidad and Tobago had the third highest GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity in the Americas after the United States and Canada. It is recognised by the World Bank as a high-income economy. Unlike most of the English-speaking Caribbean, the economy is industrial with an emphasis on petroleum and petrochemicals. Trinidad and Tobago is known for its Carnival and Diwali celebrations and as the birthplace of steelpan, the limbo, music styles such as calypso, soca and chutney. Historian E. L. Joseph claimed that Trinidad's Amerindian name was Cairi or "Land of the Humming Bird", derived from the Arawak name for hummingbird, ierèttê or yerettê. However, other authors dispute this etymology with some claiming that cairi does not mean hummingbird and some claiming that kairi, or iere means island. Christopher Columbus renamed it "La Isla de la Trinidad", fulfilling a vow made before setting out on his third voyage of exploration. Tobago's cigar-like shape may have given it its Spanish name and some of its other Amerindian names, such as Aloubaéra and Urupaina, although the English pronunciation is /təˈbeɪɡoʊ/, rhyming with lumbago, "may go".
Trinidad and Tobago are islands situated between 10° 2' and 11° 12' N latitude and 60° 30' and 61° 56' W longitude. At the closest point, Trinidad is just 11 kilometres from Venezuelan territory. Covering an area of 5,128 km2, the country consists of the two main islands and Tobago, numerous smaller landforms, including Chacachacare, Huevos, Gaspar Grande, Little Tobago, St. Giles Island. Trinidad is 4,768 km2 in area with an average length of 80 kilometres and an average width of 59 kilometres. Tobago has an area of about 300 km2, or 5.8% of the country's area, is 41 km long and 12 km at its greatest width. Trinidad and Tobago lie on the continental shelf of South America, are thus geologically considered to lie in South America; the terrain of the islands is a mixture of plains. The highest point in the country is found on the Northern Range at El Cerro del Aripo, 940 metres above sea level; as the majority of the population lives on the island of Trinidad, this is the location of most major towns and cities.
There are four major municipalities in Trinidad: Port of Spain, the capital, San Fernando and Chaguanas. The main town in Tobago is Scarborough. Trinidad is made up of a variety of soil types, the majority being heavy clays; the alluvial valleys of the Northern Range and the soils of the East–West Corridor are the most fertile. The Northern Range consists of Upper Jurassic and Cretaceous metamorphic rocks; the Northern Lowlands consist of younger shallow marine clastic sediments. South of this, the Central Range fold and thrust belt consists of Cretaceous and Eocene sedimentary rocks, with Miocene formations along the southern and eastern flanks; the Naparima Plains and the Nariva Swamp form the southern shoulder of this uplift. The Southern Lowlands consist of Miocene and Pliocene sands and gravels; these overlie oil and natural gas deposits north of the Los Bajos Fault. The Southern Range forms the third anticlinal uplift, it consists of several chains of hills, most famous being the Trinity Hills.
The rocks consist of sandstones, shales and clays formed in the Miocene and uplifted in the Pleistocene. Oil sands and mud volcanoes are common in this area; the climate is tropical. There are two seasons annually: the dry season for the first five months of the year, the rainy season in the remaining seven of the year. Winds are dominated by the northeast trade winds. Unlike most of the other Caribbean islands, both Trinidad and Tobago have escaped the wrath of major devastating hurricanes, including Hurricane Ivan, the most powerful storm to have passed close to the islands in recent history, in September 2004. In the Northern Range, the climate is different in contrast to the sweltering heat of the plains below. With constant cloud and mist cover, heavy rains in the mountains, the temperature is much cooler. Record temperatures for Trinidad and Tobago are 39 °C for the high in Port of Spain, a low of 12 °C; because Trinidad and Tobago lies
2008 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup
The 2008 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup is the first women's football U-17 World Cup in FIFA history. It was held in New Zealand from 28 October to 16 November 2008, it is the recognized world championship for women's under-17 national football teams. This was the first women's world youth championship organized by FIFA with the age limit of 17. Matches were played in four New Zealand cities: The Auckland conurbation, New Zealand's largest metropolitan area, hosted the final and 3rd place playoff; the designated host stadium is located in North Shore City. Hamilton hosted two of the quarter-finals. Wellington, New Zealand's capital city, hosted two of the quarter-finals. Christchurch, the only host city in the South Island, hosted the semi-finals. Pool matches were spread evenly among these cities; the host nation, New Zealand, was based in Auckland but played one pool match in Wellington. All times local All times local Dzsenifer Marozsán of Germany won the Golden Shoe award for scoring six goals. In total, 113 goals were scored with two of them credited as own goals.
6 goals 5 goals 4 goals 3 goals 2 goals 1 goal Own goal FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup New Zealand 2008, FIFA.com FIFA Technical Report
2012 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup
The 2012 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup was the third edition of the women's football tournament, was held in Azerbaijan from 22 September to 13 October, following a decision by the Executive Committee on 19 March 2010. Defending champions South Korea failed to qualify for the tournament. France won the title after defeating Korea DPR 1–1; the official mascot of this World Cup was The Top Top Girl, which means ball in Azerbaijani, a young girl with the national flag painted on her cheeks. Her body is blue, red and white kit like the host's national team and her brown hair in a ponytail designed to resemble what is known as a buta, a curving decorative motif used in Azerbaijani art. All four venues were to be staged only in Baku. There were matches in Lankaran. Tofiq Bahramov Stadium was the stadium. A total of 14 referees and 28 assistant referees were appointed by FIFA for the tournament; the final draw was held on 6 July 2012 in Baku. Each team submitted a squad of 21 players, including three goalkeepers.
The squads were announced on 14 September 2012. The ranking of each team in each group will be determined as follows: greatest number of points obtained in all group matches goal difference in all group matches greatest number of goals scored in all group matchesIf two or more teams are equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings will be determined as follows: greatest number of points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned goal difference resulting from the group matches between the teams concerned greatest number of goals scored in all group matches between the teams concerned drawing of lots by the FIFA Organising CommitteeThe two teams finishing first and second in each group qualify for the quarter-finals. All times are Azerbaijan Summer Time. In the knockout stages, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, no extra time will be played, with the match to be determined by a penalty shoot-out; the following awards were given for the tournament: 8 goals Ri Un-Sim6 goals Chinwendu Ihezuo4 goals 3 goals 2 goals 1 goal 1 Own goal FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup Azerbaijan 2012, FIFA.com FIFA Technical Report