Heaton TMD is a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in the Heaton area of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, it is located next to the East Coast Main Line, around 2 miles east of Newcastle station. Heaton was a sub-shed of Gateshead between 1963 and 1967. Built by the North Eastern Railway to provide steam locomotives serving principally the extensive Heaton marshalling yards and freight traffic, but a considerable proportion of main line and local passenger traffic from Newcastle Central; the location meant that it provided motive power to steep Riverside Branch. Unliked by crews due to the need to pass through three tunnels and the resultant toxic smoke in their cabs, in 1905 it was electrified using 750 VDC technology, with power supplied via both overhead catenary and, within the tunnels, third-rail. Both of the BTH/Brush 640 hp locomotives were based at Heaton, designed as a Bo-Bo with central cab, they worked from the shed until 1967. Coded 52B in the NE Region under British Railways, in 1954 it had an allocation of 95 locomotives, comprising:16x 4-6-2.
After demolition and redevelopment to diesel traction in the 1960s by British Railways, today the depot is operated by Northern, houses stock operated by them and Grand Central. The depot code is HT; the basic allocation consists of Class 142 Class 156 and British Rail Class 158 diesel multiple units operated by Northern. Although not allocated to the depot, Class 91 and Class 180 units, as well as HSTs may be visible with Grand Central and London North Eastern Railway contracting out some of the maintenance to this depot. Northern Class 158s, Class 144s and Class 150s regularly visit Heaton for maintenance. Network Rail's New Measurement Train is allocated to Heaton, returns there for scheduled maintenance. Maintenance on its recording equipment is carried out at the Railway Technical Centre in Derby. Heaton is used by the main express operator of the East Coast Main Line to store stock overnight. In 2004–06, this led to a dispute between the RMT and operator GNER. In the UK, train operators are allowed to discharge 5 imperial gallons of sewage per carriage per journey, onto the railtrack.
Most Mk3 carriages have only holding tanks, not compliant toilet tanks. Further, Heaton had no toilet clean-out facilities. However, in the 2000s both the RMT and politicians were concerned at the environmental impact of this legacy issue. In 2006 the RMT agreed waste tank and clean out developments at Heaton with GNER, plus new clean out procedures at all other depots, to solve an ongoing dispute over sewage spray; the depot is closed to the general public. Only those with an official pass can access the depot, or those attending the occasional open days organised by Northern; the nearest station, from which the depot can be seen, is Chillingham Road Metro station, whilst the nearest mainline station is Manors. The entrance to the site is from Benfield Road, just south of. Baker, S. K.. Rail Atlas of Britain. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Company. ISBN 0-86093-106-4. Baker, S. K.. Rail Atlas - Great Britain & Ireland. Oxford Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-86093-602-2
St James Metro station
St James Metro station is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, in the west end of the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. The station is situated next to St James' Park, the stadium of Newcastle United F. C.. The station, which opened in 1982, is one of two terminals of the Yellow line of the Metro system; the interior of the station is distinct, as the walls are decked out in black and white stripes and depicts Newcastle United players and managers past and present. However, when it was first opened, it was finished in the same colours as the other underground stations on the system, it has two platforms. In 2008-9, the station was used by around 246,000 passengers. Train times and station information for St James Metro station from Nexus
Walkergate Metro station
Walkergate Metro station in Newcastle upon Tyne, is on the Yellow line of the Tyne and Wear Metro. It is located near Heaton TMD. Opened in 1839 by the Newcastle & North Shields Railway as Walker, it was renamed Walker Gate on 1 April 1889. In BR days, the station was sometimes sometimes as Walker Gate. Following closure for Metro conversion, the station was demolished and rebuilt in the standard Metro style; the NER footbridge survives, however, at Pickering on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway. The station underwent modernisation work between 23 September 2013 and 16 July 2014 which involved improvements to accessibility, aesthetic changes to the station and the introduction of new smart ticket machines and validators; this was part of the £389m Metro: All Change refurbishment programme. Train times and station information for Walkergate Metro station from Nexus
Heaton is a suburb in the east end of Newcastle upon Tyne, about 2 miles from the city centre. It is bordered by the neighbouring areas of High Heaton and Cochrane Park to the north and Walkergate to the east, Byker to the south and Jesmond and Sandyford to the west; the name Heaton means high town, referring to the area "being situated on hills above the Ouseburn, a tributary of the River Tyne." In the 12th century Heaton became part of the Barony of Ellingham granted by Henry I to Nicholas de Grenville. King John stayed in the castle at Heaton on a number of occasions. In the 17th century the Heaton estate was purchased by Henry Babington, knighted at Heaton Hall by James I on 1 May 1617. By the 18th century, Heaton was a coal mining area with many of its collieries owned by Matthew White and Richard Ridley; the Heaton estate was broken up in 1835 when the area became incorporated into Newcastle upon Tyne. Much of the land in Heaton in 1841 was owned by Armorer Donkin, who on his death in 1851 bequeathed the land to his business partner, the industrialist Sir William Armstrong.
In 1879, the corporation acquired part of the Heaton Hall estate, laid out as Heaton Park, Sir William Armstrong donated Armstrong Park and Jesmond Dene to the city. The three parks run into each other to form a green corridor through east Newcastle. Heaton was divided into two electoral wards, North Heaton and South Heaton, each of, represented by three councillors. However, boundary changes to all wards in Newcastle upon Tyne were implemented at the city council elections in May 2018, with the majority of Heaton falling in the Heaton ward. A small part of Heaton close to Shields Road is in the Ouseburn ward, with neighbouring High Heaton included in the Manor Park ward. Heaton is a mixed working middle class area. In recent years it has become a popular residence for many students attending the city's two universities, Newcastle University and Northumbria University. Rent and student letting is lower in price than in the neighbouring student areas of Jesmond and Sandyford. During the 19th century, the building of the railways saw a line pass through Heaton, now the East Coast Main Line.
Heaton has a major rail depot. Heaton became the location of Sir Charles Parsons engineering works producing turbines, founded in 1889. Third Avenue was the birthplace of the Ringtons Tea business; the main commercial street in Heaton is Chillingham Road which benefits from local amenities including two small supermarkets, a number of small shops and newsagents, takeaways, cafes and public houses. In the Cochrane Park area of Heaton there is a famous landmark building, The Wills Building, built in 1946-50 as a cigarette factory and was redeveloped in 1999 as luxury apartments. Heaton was served by Heaton railway station, on the main line from Newcastle to Edinburgh Waverley and on the direct line from Newcastle to the coast; that station was closed on 11 August 1980, when the Wear Metro system opened. Heaton is now served by Chillingham Road Metro station, but Byker Metro station is closer for some living in South Heaton. Heaton is served by a variety of bus routes, including routes 1, 62 and 63, which link Heaton to Newcastle city centre and areas in the west of Newcastle.
Heaton has a large secondary school, Heaton Manor School, although many children in Heaton attend Benfield School, located on the Heaton/Walkergate boundary. There are a number of primary schools spread over the area: Ravenswood Primary School, Chillingham Road Primary School, Hotspur Primary School and St. Theresa's Primary School. Heaton was home to Newcastle United under their previous name, Newcastle East End F. C. between 1886 and 1892. East End played at the Heaton Junction Ground on Chillingham Road before moving to St James' Park. Two Northern League football clubs play in areas neighboring Heaton. Heaton Stannington F. C. play in High Heaton, while Newcastle Benfield F. C. play next door to Benfield School. Heaton is home to amateur rugby football club Medicals RFC, based in Cartington Terrace. Jack Common, author of'Kiddar's Luck' and'The Ampersand', was born and brought up at 44 Third Avenue and attended Chillingham Road Primary School. Common was to model for the bust of Karl Marx that tops Marx's tomb in Highgate Cemetery, London.
Chas Chandler, bassist for the Animals. Manager of the Jimi Hendrix Experience and Slade, it is reputed that Jimi Hendrix himself busked on Chillingham Road during his time living with Chas in Heaton at 35 Second Avenue. Cheryl Cole was born in Heaton on 30 June 1983 and lived there until the mid-1990s when she moved to nearby Walker. Photos of the area from Geograph Newcastle Council Ward Info: North Heaton Newcastle Council Ward Info: South Heaton Newcastle Council Ward Info: Ouseburn Link to Historical information on Heaton Kay's Geography: Heaton page
Tyne and Wear Metro
The Tyne and Wear Metro, referred to locally as the Metro, is a rapid transit and light rail system in North East England, serving Newcastle upon Tyne, South Tyneside, North Tyneside and Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. It has been described as the first modern light rail system in the United Kingdom; the initial network opened between 1980 and 1984, using converted former railway lines, linked with new tunnel infrastructure. Extensions to the original network were opened in 1991 and 2002. In 2017/18 over 36 million passenger journeys were made on the network, which spans 77.5 kilometres and has two lines with a total of 60 stations, nine of which are underground. It is the second-largest of the four metro systems in the United Kingdom, after the London Underground; the system is operated by the local transport authority Nexus. Between 2010 and 2017 it was operated under contract by DB Regio Tyne & Wear Limited, a subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains. On 1 April 2017, this contract ended, Nexus took over direct operation of the system for a planned period of two years.
The present system uses much former railway infrastructure constructed between 1834 and 1882, with one of the oldest parts being the Newcastle & North Shields Railway which opened in 1839. In 1904, in response to tramway competition, taking away passengers, the North Eastern Railway started electrifying parts of their local railway network north of the River Tyne with a 600 V DC third-rail system, forming one of the earliest suburban electric networks, known as the Tyneside Electrics. In 1938, the line south of the Tyne between Newcastle and South Shields was electrified. In the 1960s under British Rail, the decision was made to de-electrify the Tyneside Electric network, convert it to diesel operation due to falling passenger numbers, the cost of renewing end of life electrical infrastructure and rolling stock; the Newcastle-South Shields line was de-electrified in 1963, the north Tyneside routes were de-electrified in 1967. This was viewed as a backward step, as the diesel trains were slower than the electric trains they replaced.
In the early 1970s, the poor local transport system was identified as one of the main factors holding back the region's economy, in 1971 a study was commissioned by the created Tyneside Passenger Transport Authority into how the transport system could be improved. This new system was intended to be the core of a new integrated transport network, with buses acting as feeders to purpose-built transport interchanges; the plans were approved by the Tyneside Metropolitan Railway Bill, passed by Parliament in July 1973. Around 70% of the funding for the scheme came from a central government grant, with the remainder coming from local sources. Three railway lines, totalling 26 miles were to be converted into Metro lines as part of the initial system; the converted railway lines were to be connected by around six miles of new infrastructure, built both to separate the Metro from the existing rail network, to create the new underground routes under Newcastle and Gateshead. Around four miles of the new infrastructure was in tunnels, while the remainder was either at ground level or elevated.
The elevated sections included the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge. Construction work began in October 1974, it was intended to be opened in stages between 1979 and 1981, however the first part of the original network opened in August 1980, the remainder opened in stages until March 1984. The final cost of the project in 1984 prices was £265 million; some extensions to the original system have since been built. A short 3.5 km extension from Bank Foot to Newcastle Airport was opened in 1991, using a further part of the former Ponteland branch. In 2002 an 18.5 km extension was opened from Pelaw to South Hylton via Sunderland. Costing £100 million, this extension used part of the existing Durham Coast Line to Sunderland, but did not take it over. Three intermediate stations on the route were rebuilt, three new ones were added. Within Sunderland, 4.5 km of a former freight line, abandoned in 1984 was reused for the route between Sunderland station and South Hylton, becoming the second Metro segment to be built on a disused line.
The opening dates of the services and stations are as follows: The Tyne and Wear Metro was the first railway in the UK to operate using the metric system
East Coast Main Line
The East Coast Main Line is a 393-mile long major railway between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, York, Darlington and Newcastle. The route is a key transport artery on the eastern side of Great Britain and broadly paralleled by the A1 road; the line's origins were built during the 1840s by three railway companies, the North British Railway, the North Eastern Railway, the Great Northern Railway. In 1923, the enactment of the Railway Act of 1921 led to their amalgamation to form the London and North Eastern Railway; the line was the primary route of the LNER, who competed against the London and Scottish Railway for long-distance passenger traffic between London and Scotland. The LNER's chief engineer Sir Nigel Gresley designed iconic Pacific locomotives, including the steam locomotives "Flying Scotsman" and "Mallard" which achieved a world record speed for a steam locomotive, 126 miles per hour on the Grantham-to-Peterborough section. On 1 January 1948, the railways were nationalised by the government, operated by British Railways.
During the early 1960s, steam locomotion was replaced by Diesel-electric traction, including the Deltics and sections of the line were upgraded so trains could run at speeds of up to 100 miles per hour. With the demand for higher speed, British Rail introduced InterCity 125 High Speed trains between 1976 and 1981. In 1973, the prototype of the HST, the Class 41, achieved a top speed of 143 mph in a test run on the line. During the 1980s, the line was electrified and InterCity 225 trains were introduced; the line links London, South East England and East Anglia, with Yorkshire, the North East Regions and Scotland and is important to the economy of several areas of England and Scotland. It carries key commuter flows for the north side of London and handles cross-country and local passenger services, carries freight traffic. Services north of Edinburgh to Inverness use diesel trains. In 1997, operations were privatised; the current operator is London North Eastern Railway, bringing the LNER name back into use, which took over from Virgin Trains East Coast in June 2018.
The ECML is part of Network Rail's Strategic Route G which comprises six separate lines: The main line between London King's Cross and Edinburgh Waverley stations, via Stevenage, Grantham, Newark North Gate, Doncaster, Northallerton, Durham, Morpeth, Berwick-upon-Tweed and Dunbar. The line crosses the Anglo-Scottish border at Marshall Meadows Bay; the branch line to North Berwick The Dunbar loopThe core route is the main line between King's Cross and Edinburgh, the Hertford Loop is used for local and freight services and the Northern City Line provides an inner suburban service to the city. The route has ELRs ECM1 - ECM9; the ECML was constructed by three railway companies. During the 1830s and 1840s, each company built part of the line to serve their own areas, but intended linking together to form the through route that became the East Coast Main Line. From north to south, these companies were: the North British Railway, from Edinburgh to Berwick-upon-Tweed, completed in 1846; the North Eastern Railway from Berwick-upon-Tweed to Shaftholme.
The Great Northern Railway from Shaftholme to King's Cross, completed in 1850. The GNR established an end-on connection at Askern, described by the GNR's chairman as being "a ploughed field four miles north of Doncaster". Askern was connected to the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, a short section of which linked with the NER at Knottingley. In 1871, the line was shortened when the NER opened a direct line from an end-on junction with the GNR at Shaftholme just south of Askern to Selby and direct to York. Recognising that through journeys were an important and lucrative element of their businesses, the companies built special rolling stock for through traffic, services were operated under the name of "East Coast Joint Stock"; this continued from 1860 until 1922. In 1923 the Railway Act of 1921 required the companies to form North Eastern Railway. Throughout its existence, the LNER was the second largest railway company in Britain, with lines to the north and east of London. On 1 January 1948, after the Transport Act of 1947 was implemented by Clement Attlee's Labour Government, the LNER was nationalised with the other companies to form British Railways.
British Railways managed the ECML as its Eastern Region division up to discorporation during the early 1980s. Alterations to short sections of the ECML's route have taken place, including the King Edward VII Bridge in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1906 and the Selby Diversion, built to bypass mining subsidence from the Selby coalfield and a bottleneck at Selby station. During 1983, the Selby Diversion opened: it diverged from the ECML at Temple Hirst Junction, north of Doncaster, joined the Leeds to York Line at Colton Junction, south west of York; the old line between Selby and York is used as a cycleway. Mining subsidence affecting 200 metres of track 17 km to the east of Edinburgh, near Wallyford, led to a temporary realignment while the ground was stabilised; the tracks and overhead electrification equipment were re-routed. Stabilisation was completed in 2000 and the track returned to its original alignment. In 2001 severe subsidence occurred at Dolphingstone and about 2km of track was relocated avoiding a permanent speed restriction.
This was completed in 2002. The line was worked for many years
Greyhound racing is an organized, competitive sport in which greyhounds are raced around a track. There are two forms of track racing and coursing. Track racing uses an artificial lure that travels ahead of the dogs on a rail until the greyhounds cross the finish line; as with horse racing, greyhound races allow the public to bet on the outcome. In many countries greyhound racing is purely amateur and for enjoyment. In other countries Australia, Macau, Spain, the UK and the US, greyhound racing is part of the gambling industry and similar to horse racing – although less profitable. Animal rights and animal welfare groups are critical of the welfare of greyhounds in the commercial racing industry. A greyhound adoption movement spearheaded by kennel owners has arisen to assist retired racing dogs in finding homes as pets, with an estimated adoption rate of over 95% in the US. Modern greyhound; the first recorded attempt at racing greyhounds on a straight track was made beside the Welsh Harp reservoir, England, in 1876, but this experiment did not develop.
The industry emerged in its recognizable modern form, featuring circular or oval tracks, with the invention of the mechanical or artificial hare, in 1912, by an American, Owen Patrick Smith. O. P. Smith had altruistic aims for the industry to stop the killing of the jack rabbits and see "greyhound racing as we see horse racing". In 1919, Smith opened the first professional dog-racing track with stands in California; the certificates system led the way to parimutuel betting, as quarry and on-course gambling, in the United States during the 1930s. The oval track and mechanical hare were introduced to Britain, in 1926, by another American, Charles Munn, in association with Major Lyne-Dixson, a Canadian, a key figure in coursing. Finding other supporters proved rather difficult however and with the General Strike of 1926 looming, the two men scoured the country in an attempt to find others who would join them, they met Brigadier-General Critchley, who introduced them to Sir William Gentle. Between them they raised £22,000 and like the American'International Greyhound Racing Association', they launched the Greyhound Racing Association holding the first British meeting at Manchester's Belle Vue Stadium.
The industry was successful in cities and towns throughout the UK – by the end of 1927, there were forty tracks operating. The industry of greyhound racing was attractive to predominantly male working-class audiences, for whom the urban locations of the tracks and the evening times of the meetings were accessible, to patrons and owners from various social backgrounds. Betting has always been a key ingredient of greyhound racing, both through on-course bookmakers and the totalisator, first introduced in 1930. Like horse racing, it is popular to bet on the greyhound races as a form of parimutuel gambling. Greyhound racing enjoyed its highest UK attendances just after the Second World War—for example, attendances during 1946 were estimated to be around 75 million based on an annual totalisator turnover of £196,431,430; the industry experienced a decline from the early 1960s after the 1960 UK Betting and Gaming Act permitted off-course cash betting. Sponsorship, limited television coverage, the abolition of on-course betting tax have offset this decline.
Commercial greyhound racing is characterized by several criteria, including legalized gambling, the existence of a regulatory structure, the physical presence of racetracks, whether the host state or subdivision shares in any gambling proceeds, fees charged by host locations, the use of professional racing kennels, the number of dogs participating in races, the existence of an official racing code, membership in a greyhound racing federation or trade association. In addition to the eight countries where commercial greyhound racing exists, in at least twenty-one countries dog racing occurs, but has not yet reached a commercial stage; the medical care of a racing greyhound is the responsibility of the trainer while in training. All tracks in the United Kingdom have to have a veterinary surgeon and veterinary room facilities on site during racing; the greyhounds require annual vaccination against Distemper, Infectious canine hepatitis, Leptospira Canicola and Leptospira Icterhaemorrhagiae and a vaccination to minimize outbreaks of diseases such as kennel cough.
Greyhound adoption groups report that the dogs from the tracks have tooth problems, the cause of, debated. However all greyhounds in the UK must pass a veterinary inspection before being allowed to race. Doping cases have been reported in greyhound racing; the racing industry in several countries is working to prevent the spread of this practice. Greyhounds from which samples cannot be obtained for a certain number of consecutive races are subject to being ruled off the track in some countries. Violators are subject to criminal penalties and loss of their racing licenses by state gaming commissions and a permanent ban from the National Greyhound Association; the trainer of the greyhound is at all times the "absolute insurer" of the condition of the animal. The trainer is responsible for any positive test regardless of how the banned substance has entered the greyhound's system. A greyhound's career will end between the ages of four and six – after the dog can no longer race, or when it is no longer competitive.
The best dogs are kept for breeding and there are industry-associated adoption groups and rescue groups that work to ob