Espelúy is a town located in the province of Jaén, Spain. The town was repopulated by the Instituto Nacional de Colonización in the 1950s. According to the 2006 census of the INE, the city has a population of 750 inhabitants. Ayuntamiento de Espelúy
Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)
The National Statistics Institute is the official agency in Spain that collects statistics about demography and Spanish society. It is an autonomous organization in Spain responsible for overall coordination of statistical services of the General State Administration in monitoring and supervision of technical procedures; every 10 years, this organisation conducts a national census. The last census took place in 2011. Through the official website one can follow all the updates of different fields of study; the oldest statistics agency of Spain and the predecessor of the current agency was the General Statistics Commission of the Kingdom, created on November 3, 1856 during the reign of Isabella II. The so-then Prime Minister Narváez approved a decree creating this body and ordering that people with recognized ability in this matter were part of it. On May 1, 1861, the Commission change its name to General Statistics Board and their first work was to do a population census. By a decree of September 12, 1870, Prime Minister Serrano created the Geographic Institute and in 1873 this Institute change its name to Geographic and Statistic Institute assuming the competences of the General Statistics Board.
In 1890, the titularity of the agency was transferred from the Prime Minister's Office to the Ministry of Development. Between 1921 and 1939, change its name many times. In the same way, the agency was transferred from a ministry to another, passing through the Deputy Prime Minister's Office, the Ministry of the Presidency and the Ministry of Labour; the National Statistics Institute was created following the Law of December 31, 1945, published in the BOE of January 3, 1946, with a mission to develop and refine the demographic and social statistics existing, creating new statistics and coordination with the statistical offices of provincial and municipal areas. At the end of 1964 the first computer was installed at the INE, it was a first-generation IBM 1401, for which a team was formed consisting of four statistics faculty and ten technicians. In the four years following it was possible that said. INE Website
Alcalá la Real
Alcalá la Real is a city in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the city has a population of 22,129 inhabitants. Alcalá la Real is situated 71 kilometres from the provincial capital, Jaén, 53 kilometres from Granada, on the slopes of La Mota, a hill in the Sierra Sur, it has an area of 261.36 km². The town is dominated by a large Moorish fortress around which, some centuries ago, the settlement evolved. Alcalá la Real is connected to the Guadalquivir valley via the Guadajoz tributary. Remains from the Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age show the human presence in the area in Prehistoric times, it has been hypothesized. Despite the presence of remains from the Iberians, dating to the late Bronze Age, the first traces of urban structures date to the Roman times. Archaeological findings include a marble statue of Hercules, now in the National Archaeological Museum of Spain at Madrid. After the Muslim conquest in 713, the town was renamed Qal'at, an Arabic term meaning "fortified city".
In the following centuries, Umayyad caliph Al-Hakam II had a series of watchtowers built to defend the city from the Viking/Norman incursions. Around the year 1000 the main of these tower, the Mota, became a true fortress, one of the mainstays of the Al-Andalus defence against the Christian Reconquista. In the 12th century it was the fief of the Banu Said family, became known as Qal'at Banu Said, or Alcalá de Benzaide in Christian sources. After the dissolution of the caliphate and its fragmentation in a series of taifa small kingdoms, Qa'lat was a stronghold of the Kingdom of Granada. From here numerous raids were launched against Jaén and other frontier areas of the Kingdom of Castile; the city was captured on 15 August 1341 by Alfonso XI of Castile, who conceded it the title of "Real", which after, part of its name. Alcalá remained under the jurisdiction of Jorquera until 1364, when king Peter I gave it the privilege of a Government Council, under the royal crown and the state of Villena.
It was elevated to the rank of city in 1432 by king John II. After a flourishing period, the conquest of Granada in 1492 stripped Alcalá of its strategical importance; the population started to move from the upper hill to the now safer slopes, thus creating the current settlement. The city remained under the marquisses of Villena until the early 16th century, when the centralism introduced by the Catholic Monarchs started to reduce the power of the barons, although the marquisate remained in existence until the 19th century; the depopulation of the La Mota hill ended after the Peninsular War against the Napoleonic troops who occupied the fortress from 1810 and 1812. On retreat the Napoleonic forces set fire to the upper city, resulting in partial destruction of the Abbey Church. During the Spanish Civil War, Alcalá was taken by the Nationalists, who held it until the end of the conflict; this did not save the city from considerable destruction, due to its vicinity to the hostilities. La Mota fortress, of Islamic origin, on the hill with the same name Alcazaba, a fortified precinct with a triangular shape, with three towers Murallas, a line of walls with several towers, Palacio Abacial, now housing the Museum of Alcalà la Real Pilar de la calle Oteros, a monumental plinth for water from 1746 Pilar de la Mora Pilar de los Álamos Pilar de la Toquela Roman bridge on the Guadalcoton river, nearby the city Batmale House Casa Pineda, a Muslim edifice in stone restored Ayuntamiento Convent of san José de los Capucinos, now housing municipal offices and a library Iglesia Mayor Abacial with towers, built in 1530 Church of San Domingo de Silos, in Gothic-mudéjar style, with a 16th-century tower Church of San Juan Iglesia de las Angustias from 1747.
Iglesia de Consolación Church of San Antonio Convento de la Encarnación, in Baroque style The economy is based on olives and oil production. Other resources include cherries, craftsmanship, plastic industry and metalworks; the city's economy is growing at reduced speed if compared to the neighbouring towns, numerous young people from Alcalá la Real move to Granada in search of jobs. Lohfelden, Germany Figueres, Spain since 1989 in connection with Pep Ventura, who modernized the sardana and it subsequently became the traditional dance of Catalonia, he was born in Alcalá la Real in 1817. English language Guide to Alcalá La Real. <-THIS LINK IN ERROR! Alcalá Histórica. History and art in Alcalá la Real <- THIS LINK ALSO IN ERROR
Cárcheles is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the city has a population of 1441 inhabitants
Huelma is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2010 census, the city had a population of 6,208 inhabitants. Rafael Lopez Guzman, art history professor at the University of Granada Sebastián Martos, athlete Pico Mágina
Beas de Segura
Beas de Segura is a town located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2009 census, the town has a population of 5,591 inhabitants. Beas de Segura is a municipality and Spanish town located in the province of Jaén in the autonomous community of Andalusia, it is included in the region of Sierra de Segura, with a quarter of its territory within the Natural Park of the Sierras de Cazorla and Las Villas6 and has an extension of 160.3 km², being a transition between the countryside and la sierra.7 In 2016, its municipal register registered a population of 5,380 inhabitants, 8 making it the most populated municipality in the region, as well as the center of influence of the bordering municipalities. The majority of its lands consist of agricultural areas dedicated to the cultivation of olive trees, why it is integrated into the "Spanish Association of Municipalities of the Olive Tree of the province of Jaén".9 Its excellent oil production oliva has allowed its oil industry to be included in the denomination of origin of the homonymous mountain.10 This activity, together with livestock and numerous areas of natural and rural interest, constitute its main economic activity.
The first vestiges of civilization date from the Lower Paleolithic, where on the banks of the Guadalimar River lived human beings in small hordes and subsisted on the natural resources offered by the land. No human skeletal remains have been found, but a rich lithic industry has been found, some of whose tools are on display at the Museum of Natural Sciences in Madrid and the Jaén Museum, listed as one of the oldest in Andalusia.11 From the Roman stage there is evidence of the Mocho Bridge over the Guadalimar River, 2000 years old. The convent of Beas was declared as an Asset of Cultural Interest on April 25, 1979, years on March 22, 1983, opened in the General Catalog of the Andalusian Historical Heritage.12 From the 22 to the 25 of April the celebrations in honor to San Marcos are celebrated for centuries, being protagonist of the same the well-known one as bull ensogao. This festivity has an important repercussion both nationally and internationally and was declared as National Tourist Interest Festivals of Andalusia on September 16, 2008.13
Baeza also written as Baéza, is an Andalusian town in the province of Jaén in southern Spain. It lies perched on a cliff in the Loma de Úbeda, the range separating the Guadalquivir River to its south from the Guadalimar to its north, it is now principally famed for having some of the best-preserved examples of Italian Renaissance architecture in Spain. Along with Úbeda, it was added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 2003; the former Visigothic bishopric of Baeza remains. The town stands at a high elevation about 3 miles from the right bank of the Guadalquivir in the Loma de Úbeda. Under the Romans, the town was known as Beatia. Following its conquest by the Visigoths, Beatia was the seat of a bishopric of Baeza, suppressed after a period under Moorish rule. Baeza reached its greatest prosperity under Islamic rule, when it formed the capital of an independent?emirate and reached a population of around 50,000. Remnants of the Moors' fortifications include the Arch of Baeza; the Christian diocese was reëstablished in 1127 or 1147 following the town's conquest by Alfonso VII of Castile, but it was reconquered by the Muslims and its cathedral adopted as a mosque.
The town never recovered from the destruction endured upon its conquest by Ferdinand III of Castile in 1227 or 1239. The diocese of Baeza was merged with Jaén in 1248 or 1249, but was nominally restored as a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church; the red dye made from a local cochineal came to be celebrated and a second era of lesser prosperity occurred in the 16th century, when Baeza and nearby Úbeda grew rich from their textile industry. Local nobles hired major architects of the era to design the present cathedral, public buildings, private palaces in the then-fashionable Italian style; the town's university building dates to 1533. The economy collapsed in the 17th century, with the only remaining industry consisting of local production of grain and olive oil; as few newer structures were built during this period, this had the effect of preserving the town's Renaissance legacy. The university closed for a time before being reopened by the 19th century as a seminary. In the 1870s, the population was around 11,000.
Baeza still houses several fine public buildings: The former Baeza Cathedral is built over a former mosque. It was first used in Christian service in the 12th century during Castile's first period of rule, it was used as a mosque before its reconquest in the 13th century. The most ancient parts are the cubic base of three Islamic arches. Most of the present Renaissance-influenced Gothic structure—including the nave with two aisles and crossed vaults—dates to around 1529; the tower was redone in 1549 and the Chapel of St Michael was added in 1560. Construction was completed under Andrés de Vandelvira. Town Hall, a Plateresque building built as a combined courthouse and prison, leading to two separate main entrances Baeza University, established in 1533 or 1538, now a secondary school Santa Cruz Church, a Romanesque church with a two-aisle nave and semicircular apse. A side wall incorporates a Visigothic arch. St Paul's Church, a Gothic church with a Renaissance portal with a two-aisle nave and Gothic chapels.
Includes the tomb of Pablo de Olavide. The Chapel of St Francis, in the ruins of a Renaissance building from 1538 used as a monastery Jabalquinto Palace, including an Gothic entrance flanked by two cylindrical pilasters with Plateresque capitals with mocárabes, a Renaissance courtyard, a Baroque staircase Spain Plaza Constitution Plaza, including a marble fountain decorated with Caryatides St Mary Fountain The Fountain of the Lions, from the Ibero-Roman ruins of Cástulo and representing Himilce, wife of the Carthaginian general Hannibal The Úbeda and Jaen or Cordova gates The Villalar Arch, erected for Charles V's 1526 visit to honor his 1521 victory at Villalar. Seminary or oratorio of St Philip Neri Baeza is 327 km south of Madrid by highway; the Linares–Baeza RENFE railway station is 15 km away to the southwest. There are bus connections to Granada, Málaga, Madrid. Granada and Málaga are the nearest international airports. Saro, bishop Domingo, Dominican friar, former bishop of Marocco from 27 October 1225 – 1236 Gaspar Becerra and painter St John of Ávila, Christian mystic St John of the Cross, Christian mystic Pablo de Olavide Antonio Machado, modernist poet whose most notable prose work Juan de Mairena is thought to have been inspired by his time as a teacher in Baeza Baeza is twinned with: Carcassonne, France Roman Catholic Diocese of Baeza Official site for the municipal government "Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza", World Heritage Sites, UNESCO Ubeda and Baeza site Baeza, Spanish Ministry of Education and Sport "Baeza", former and titular see GigaCatholic Romanesque church at Baeza Image Gallery of Baeza Baeza eGuide ebaeza.com eBaeza guide Baynes, T.
S. ed. "Baeza", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 229 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. "Baena", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3, Cambridge University Press, p. 191