San Antonio, officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh-most populated city in the United States and the second-most populous city in the state of Texas, with a population of 1,409,019. It was the fastest growing of the top 10 largest cities in the United States from 2000 to 2010, the city straddles South Texas and Central Texas and is on the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion known as the Texas Triangle. San Antonio serves as the seat of Bexar County, recent annexations have extended the citys boundaries into Medina County and, though for only a very tiny area near the city of Garden Ridge, into Comal County. Due to its placement, the city has characteristics of other urban centers in which there are sparsely populated areas. San Antonio is the center of the San Antonio–New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area, growth along the Interstate 35 and Interstate 10 corridors to the north and east make it likely that the metropolitan area will continue to expand. San Antonio was named for Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast day is on June 13, the city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, which were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2015.
Other notable attractions include the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, the Alamo Bowl, the city is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio Spurs and hosts the annual San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the country. The U. S. Kelly Air Force Base operated out of San Antonio until 2001, the remaining portions of the base were developed as Port San Antonio, an industrial/business park and aerospace complex. San Antonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies and the South Texas Medical Center, at the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs area, calling the vicinity Yanaguana, meaning refreshing waters. In 1691, a group of Spanish Catholic explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13 and they named the place and river San Antonio in his honor. It was years before any Spanish settlement took place, father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, and he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there.
He directed Martin de Alarcón, the governor of Coahuila and Texas, differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, and construction did not start until 1718. The families who clustered around the presidio and mission formed the beginnings of Villa de Béjar, on May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero to Fray Antonio de Olivares. On May 5,1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar on the west side of the San Antonio River, one-fourth league from the mission. On February 14,1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands, Galicia, or Havana to populate the province of Texas. By June 1730,25 families had reached Cuba, and 10 families had sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain came to stop the re-settlement. Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, due to marriages along the way, the party now included 15 families, a total of 56 persons.
They joined the community established in 1718
A toast sandwich is a sandwich made by putting a thin slice of toast between two thin slices of bread with a layer of butter, and adding salt and pepper to taste. Its origins can be traced to the Victorian years, a recipe for making it is included in the 1861 Book of Household Management by Isabella Beeton. According to the Royal Society of Chemistry, the average toast sandwich contains 330 Calories, in November 2011 the toast sandwich was recreated by the Royal Society of Chemistry in a tasting almost 150 years after the release of Beetons Book of Household Management. The society sought to revive the forgotten dish in wake of the Great Recession after finding the cost being as low as 7. 5p per sandwich and they named it the countrys most economical lunch, and even offered £200 to whoever could devise a cheaper meal. Due to an overabundance of submissions the offer was closed 7 days later, the dish contains 12 toast sandwiches. According to American public radio station KCRW, Blumenthals recipe for the toast sandwich involves bone marrow salad, egg yolk mustard, mayonnaise, members of NPRs news panel game show Wait Wait.
Dont Tell Me. each tried the toast sandwich, host Peter Sagal remarked This is the culinary equivalent of a Rothko painting. Or its like a sandwich by Marcel Duchamp and it questions the essence of sandwich and language both. Clubs Mike Vago described it as an extravagance of blandness, the Daily Meal remarked in their article 12 Life-Changing Sandwiches Youve Never Heard Of, the toast sandwich was just not that good. In Britain, for example, there’s actually something called a toast sandwich, the Dadaists didnt invent any more sandwiches after that. The toast sandwich was discussed on The Leonard Lopate Show in an interview with The Sporkfuls Dan Pashman, host Leonard Lopate commented it sounds weird to me. List of bread dishes List of sandwiches List of toast dishes Media related to Toast sandwiches at Wikimedia Commons
The spiedie /ˈspidiˈ/ is a sandwich local to Binghamton in the central Southern Tier of New York State, and somewhat more broadly known and enjoyed throughout Central New York. A spiedie consists of cubes of chicken, lamb, the meat cubes are marinated overnight or longer in a special marinade, grilled on spits over a charcoal pit. The traditional method involves serving freshly prepared cubes of lamb, chicken, or beef on soft Italian bread, however, it is common to find them served on a submarine roll, and chicken is now the meat of choice due to cost. The bread is used as a glove to grip the meat while the skewer is removed. Spiedie meat cubes can be eaten straight off the skewer or can be served in salads, stir fries, the marinade recipe varies, usually involving olive oil, and a variety of Italian spices and fresh mint. Spiedies have been celebrated at the Spiedie Fest and Balloon Rally in Binghamton, the annual event includes a spiedie cook-off in search of the best spiedie recipes. Commercial marinades are available regionally and can be ordered from various websites for shipment throughout the world.
The term spiedie comes from the Italian spiedo meaning spit or spiedini referring to cubes or balls of meat cooked on a skewer. The regional dish in Abruzzo, Italy most closely resembling spiedie uses goat meat, chicken or beef on a skewer, and is known as spidducc. Another regional dish from Sicily, zúzzu, consists of a sausage made from the cartilage of pork. The original idea for spiedie was brought by Italian immigrants to upstate New York in the early 1920s, the specific origin of the spiedie is disputed. Traditionally, the early Broome County spiedie was made only from spring lamb, the chicken category was added to the Spiedie Fest cook-off in 1987, and quickly became the most popular meat choice. Augie Iacovelli began serving spiedie sandwiches in 1939 when he opened Augies and he emigrated from Abruzzo, Italy at the age of 25 in 1923. His son Guido continued in the business into the 1990s. Iacovellis marinade, which he called zuzu, originally was simply from wine vinegar, lemon juice, garlic.
Italian spices, olive oil, and minced onion were added as regional tastes, sharak is alleged to have invented spiedies. Apparently, patrons of Sharkey’s were served lamb straight from the grill on a skewer with slices of bread. Sharkeys promotes itself as the birthplace of the sandwich in television commercials across the greater Binghamton area, though the issue is disputed, Sharkey’s began serving spiedies in 1947, which makes Iacovelli more likely to have invented the dish first
The Dominican Republic is a sovereign state occupying the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western one-third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, christopher Columbus landed on the Western part of Hispaniola, in what is now Haiti, on December 6,1492. The island became the first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World, the Dominican people declared independence in November 1821 but were forcefully annexed by their more powerful neighbor Haiti in February 1822. After the 1844 victory in the Dominican War of Independence against Haitian rule the country again under Spanish colonial rule until the Dominican War of Restoration of 1865. The Dominican Republic experienced mostly internal strife until 1916, a civil war in 1965, the countrys last, was ended by another U. S. military occupation and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer, 1966–1978. Since then, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time since 1996.
Danilo Medina, the Dominican Republics current president, succeeded Fernandez in 2012, the Dominican Republic has the ninth-largest economy in Latin America and is the largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region. Though long known for agriculture and mining, the economy is now dominated by services. Over the last two decades, the Dominican Republic have been standing out as one of the economies in the Americas – with an average real GDP growth rate of 5. 4% between 1992 and 2014. GDP growth in 2014 and 2015 reached 7.3 and 7. 0%, respectively, in the first half of 2016 the Dominican economy grew 7. 4% continuing its trend of rapid economic growth. Recent growth has been driven by construction and tourism, private consumption has been strong, as a result of low inflation, job creation, as well as high level of remittances. The Dominican Republic has a market, Bolsa de Valores de la Republica Dominicana. and advanced telecommunication system. Nevertheless, government corruption, and inconsistent electric service remain major Dominican problems, the country has marked income inequality.
International migration affects the Dominican Republic greatly, as it receives, mass illegal Haitian immigration and the integration of Dominicans of Haitian descent are major issues. A large Dominican diaspora exists, mostly in the United States, contributes to development, the Dominican Republic is the most visited destination in the Caribbean. The year-round golf courses are major attractions, the island has an average temperature of 26 °C and great climatic and biological diversity. The country is the site of the first cathedral, castle and fortress built in all of the Americas, located in Santo Domingos Colonial Zone, a World Heritage Site. Music and sport are of importance in the Dominican culture, with Merengue and Bachata as the national dance and music
Bun kebab is a sandwich, originating from Pakistan, especially Karachi. It is usually found in stalls and in restaurants all across the South Asia. It is commonly eaten along with a soft drink, bun kebab consists of a spicy patty which is shallow-fried and Chutney and/or Raita in a hamburger or hot dog bun. Unlike a hamburger patty, the bun kebab is mixed with ground lentils, powdered cumin seeds, one may find bun kebab at vendor stalls throughout Indian subcontinent, with regional differences evident. A bun kebab can be served with an egg or omelette. The patty can be made of chicken, beef or mutton, the beef and egg recipe though is the most popular, especially with the street vendors of bun kebab. Afghani burger Pakistani cuisine Indian cuisine List of sandwiches List of buns
The mother-in-law is a fast food dish of Chicago, consisting of a tamale topped with chili, served in a hot dog bun. The mother-in-law is made with Chicagos unique style of tamale, a machine-extruded cornmeal roll wrapped in paper instead of corn husks, although African-Americans migrating from the Southern United States may have brought tamales to Chicago, no one knows how this sandwich developed. Some speculate it may have had its beginnings in Mexico Citys torta de tamal, the precise origins of the Chicago-style tamale are obscure
Orlando is a city in the U. S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County. Located in Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 4,000,002, according to U. S. As of 2015, Orlando had an estimated population of 270,934, making it the 73rd-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida. The City of Orlando is nicknamed The City Beautiful, and its symbol is the fountain at Lake Eola, Orlando is known as The Theme Park Capital of the World and in 2014 its tourist attractions and events drew more than 62 million visitors. The Orlando International Airport is the thirteenth-busiest airport in the United States, with the exception of Walt Disney World, most major attractions are located along International Drive. The city is one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions. Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, which is the largest university campus in the United States in terms of enrollment as of 2015, in 2010, Orlando was listed as a Gamma− level of world-city in the World Cities Study Groups inventory.
Orlando ranks as the fourth-most popular American city based on where people want to live according to a 2009 Pew Research Center study. Fort Gatlin, as the Orlando area was known, was established at what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U. S. Artillery under the command of Ltc, alexander C. W. Fanning on November 9,1838 during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across Florida during the Second Seminole War. The fort and surrounding area were named for Dr. John S. Gatlin, king Phillip and Coacoochee frequented this area and the tree was alleged to be the place where the previous 1835 ambush that had killed over 100 soldiers had been planned. When the U. S. military abandoned the fort in 1839 the surrounding community was built up by settlers, prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as Jernigan. Aarron Jernigan became Orange Countys first State Representative in 1845 but his pleas for military protection went unanswered. Fort Gatlin was briefly reoccupied by the military for a few weeks during October and November 1849, a historical marker indicates that by 1850 the Jernigan homestead served as the nucleus of a village named Jernigan.
One of the countys first records, a grand jurys report, mentions a stockade where it states homesteaders were driven from their homes, Aaron Jernigan led a local volunteer militia during 1852. Jernigan appears on an 1855 map of Florida and by 1856 the area had become the county seat of Orange County and it is known for certain that the area was renamed Orlando in 1857. The move is believed to be sparked, in part, by Aaron Jernigans fall from grace after he was relieved of his command by military officials in 1856. His behavior was so notorious that Secretary of War Jefferson Davis wrote, in 1859, Jernigan and his sons were accused of committing a murder at the towns post office
In North America, a breakfast sandwich is any sandwich filled with foods associated with the breakfast meal. Breakfast sandwiches are served at fast food restaurants and delicatessens or bought as fast, Breakfast sandwiches can be made at home. Breakfast sandwiches are made using breakfast meats, eggs. These sandwiches were typically regional specialties until fast food restaurants serving breakfast. Because the common types of bread, such as biscuits, unlike other breakfast items, they were perfect for the innovation of the drive-through. These sandwiches have become a staple of many convenience stores. What would be known as breakfast sandwiches became increasingly popular after the Civil War, the first known published recipe for a breakfast sandwich was in an 1897 American cookbook. There are several types of bread used to make breakfast sandwiches, Hard roll, The traditional breakfast sandwich of the northeasts tri-state region of New York, New Jersey and it is believed to be one of the earliest forms of the breakfast sandwich in the United States.
It consists of a roll, eggs and sausage. In New Jersey, a common breakfast sandwich is the Jersey Breakfast which consists of pork roll, biscuit, Consists of a large, or cat-head biscuit, sliced, on which meat, cheese, or eggs are served. Popular biscuits include, Sausage biscuit, tomato, fast food restaurants have put smaller versions of fried chicken fillets on biscuits to create chicken biscuits. Scrambled eggs and/or American cheese are often added, bagel sandwiches, Due to their Jewish connection, bagels generally do not contain pork, but other foods associated with the community, such as deli meats, lox or other smoked fish, and cream cheese. English muffin, Generally contains egg and cheese with either breakfast sausage or ham, often served in U. S. fast food outlets such as McDonalds and Starbucks. Toast, Toasted bread is one of the oldest forms of breakfast sandwich in America, while any number of items might be served on toast and bacon are the ones most associated with breakfast. Specialty breads, Mostly served by restaurant chains, there are other breakfast sandwiches that do not use one of the common breakfast breads used in the United States.
Burger King uses a croissant to make a breakfast sandwich called the CroissanWich, or croissant sandwich, McDonalds offers its traditional biscuit fillings on a sandwich made from maple flavored pancakes called a McGriddles. Dunkin Donuts has a sandwich that is similar to the McGriddles. These can be found at American fast food franchises worldwide
Lawrence is a city in Essex County, United States, on the Merrimack River. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 76,377, surrounding communities include Methuen to the north, Andover to the southwest, and North Andover to the southeast. Lawrence and Salem are the county seats of Essex County, Lawrence is part of the Merrimack Valley. Manufacturing products of the city include electronic equipment, footwear, paper products, Lawrence was the residence of poet Robert Frost for his early school years, his essays and poems were first published in the Lawrence High School newspaper. Native Americans, namely the Pennacook or Pentucket tribe, had a presence in this area, evidence of farming at Den Rock Park and arrowhead manufacturing on the site of where the Wood Mill now sits have been discovered. Europeans first settled the Haverhill area in 1640, colonists from Newbury following the Merrimack River in from the coast, the area that would become Lawrence was part of Methuen and Andover.
The first settlement came in 1655 with the establishment of a blockhouse in Shawsheen Fields, the future site of the city, was purchased by a consortium of local industrialists. The group allotted fifty thousand dollars to buy land along the river to develop, in 1844, the group petitioned the legislature to act as a corporation, known as the Essex Company, which incorporated on April 16,1845. The first excavations for the Great Stone Dam to harness the Merrimack Rivers water power were done on August 1,1845, the Essex Company would sell the water power to corporations such as the Arlington Mills, as well as organize construction of mills and build to suit. Until 1847, when the legislature recognized the community as a town, it was called interchangeably the New City. The post office, built in 1846, used the designation Merrimac, incorporation as a city would come in 1853, and the name Lawrence, merely chosen as a token of respect to Abbott Lawrence, who it cannot be verified ever saw the city named after him.
The work was dangerous and even death were not uncommon, working conditions in the mills were unsafe and in 1860 the Pemberton Mill collapsed, killing 145 workers. As immigrants flooded into the United States in the mid to late 19th century, Lawrence was the scene of the infamous Bread and Roses Strike, known as the Lawrence Textile Strike, one of the more important labor actions in American history. Lawrence was a great wool-processing center until that industry declined in the 1950s, the decline left Lawrence a struggling city. The population of Lawrence declined from over 80,000 residents in 1950 to approximately 64,000 residents in 1980, like other northeastern cities suffering from the effects of post-World War II industrial decline, Lawrence has often made efforts at revitalization, some of them controversial. For example, half of the enormous Wood Mill, powered by the Great Stone Dam, the Lawrence Redevelopment Authority and city officials utilized eminent domain for a perceived public benefit, via a top down approach, to revitalize the city throughout the 1960s.
There was a clash of differing ideals and perceptions of blight, ultimately the discussion left out those members of the community who would be directly impacted by urban redevelopment. The historic Theater Row along Broadway was razed, destroying ornate movie palaces of the 1920s and 1930s that entertained mill workers through the Great Depression, the citys main post office, an ornate federalist style building at the corner of Broadway and Essex Street, was razed
A food truck is a large vehicle equipped to cook and sell food. Some, including ice cream trucks, sell frozen or prepackaged food, others have on-board kitchens, hamburgers, french fries, and other regional fast food fare is common. In recent years, associated with the pop-up restaurant phenomenon, food trucks offering gourmet cuisine, Food trucks, along with portable food booths and food carts, are on the front line of the street food industry that serves an estimated 2.5 billion people every day. In the United States, the Texas chuckwagon is a precursor to the American food truck, in the 1800s, herding cattle from the Southwest to markets in the North and East kept cowhands on the trail for months at a time. Food consisted of dried beans, cornmeal, greasy cloth-wrapped bacon, salt pork, usually dried or salted or smoked, the wagon was stocked with a water barrel and a sling to kindle wood to heat and cook food. Another early relative of the food truck is the lunch wagon. Scott cut windows in a covered wagon, parked it in front of a newspaper office in Providence Rhode Island.
By the 1880s, former lunch-counter boy, Thomas H. Buckley, was manufacturing lunch wagons in Worcester and he introduced various models, like the Owl and the White House Cafe, with features that included sinks and cooking stoves, colored windows and other ornamentation. Later versions of the truck were mobile canteens, which were created in the late 1950s. These mobile canteens were authorized by the U. S. Army, Mobile food trucks, nicknamed roach coaches or gut trucks, have been around for years, serving construction sites and other blue-collar locations. In big cities of the U. S. the food truck traditionally provided a means for the person to grab a quick bite at a low cost. Food trucks are not only out for their affordability but as well for their nostalgia. In recent years, the food truck resurgence was fueled by a combination of post-recessionary factors, due to an apparent combination of economic and technological factors combined with street food being hip or chic, there has been an increase in the number of food trucks in the United States.
The construction business was drying up, leading to a surplus of food trucks, for experienced cooks suddenly without work, the food truck seemed a clear choice. Once more commonplace in American coastal big cities like New York and LA, gourmet food trucks are now to be found as well in the suburbs, and in small towns across the country. Food trucks are being hired for events, like weddings, movie shoots, and corporate gatherings. A modern-day food truck isnt just an ordinary taco truck one might find at a construction site, in 2009, New York magazine noted that the food truck had largely transcended its roach-coach classification and is now a respectable venue for aspiring chefs to launch careers. These gourmet trucks menus run the gamut of ethnic and fusion cuisine, often focusing on limited but creative dishes at reasonable prices, they offer customers a chance to experience food they otherwise may not