Taichung known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in central Taiwan. Taichung has a population of 2.81 million people and is Taiwan's second most populous city, overtaking Kaohsiung in July 2017. It serves as the core of the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area, the second largest metropolitan area in Taiwan; the current city was formed when Taichung County merged with the original provincial Taichung City to form the special municipality on 25 December 2010. Located in the Taichung Basin, the city was named under Japanese rule, became a major economic and cultural hub. Composed of several scattered hamlets, the city of Taichung was planned and developed by the Japanese, it was called "the Kyoto of Formosa" in Japanese era because of its beauty. The city is home to the National Museum of Natural Science, the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, the National Taichung Theater, the National Library of Public Information, the National Taiwan Symphony Orchestra, as well as many cultural sites, including the historic Taichung Park, the Lin Family Gardens, many temples.
The Atayal Taiwanese aborigines as well as several Taiwanese Plains Aboriginal tribes populated the plains that make up modern Taichung. They were hunter gatherers who lived by cultivating millet and taro. In the 17th century, the Papora, Babuza and Hoanya established the Kingdom of Middag, occupying the western part of present-day Taichung. In 1682, the Qing dynasty wrested control of western Taiwan from the Cheng family. In 1684, Zhuluo County was established, encompassing the underdeveloped northern two-thirds of Taiwan. Modern-day Taichung traces its beginnings to a settlement named Toatun in 1705. To strengthen Qing control, a garrison was established in 1721 near the site of present-day Taichung Park by Lan Ting-chen. North of the city, on the Dajia River, an aboriginal revolt broke out in 1731 after Chinese officials moved in and compelled them to provide labor; the revolt spread through the city as far south as Changhua County in May 1732 before the rebels were chased into the mountains by Qing forces.
In 1786, another rebellion against the Qing, known as the Lin Shuangwen rebellion, began as an attempt to overthrow the government and restore the Ming dynasty. As the rebels moved northward, they turned to slaughter and looting, they were defeated by a coalition of Qing forces, Quanzhou Fujianese descendants, aboriginal volunteers. When Taiwan Province was declared an independent province in 1887, the government intended to construct its capital city at the centrally located Toatun, designated as the seat of Taiwan Prefecture, thus the city took the title of "Taiwan-fu", meaning "capital city of Taiwan", from modern-day Tainan, which had held the title for more than 200 years. Qing official Liu Ming-chuan received permission to oversee development of the area, which included constructing a railway through the city. However, the provincial capital was moved to Taipei. After China lost the Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Taiwan was ceded to Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki, the name of the city was changed to Taichū.
The Japanese sought to develop the city to make it the first “modern” area of Taiwan and invested in roads and levees. In 1901, Taichū Chō was established as one of twenty local administrative districts on the island. In 1904, the town of Taichū had a population of 6,423, Taichū District had more than 207,000. Taichū Park was completed in 1903. A tower marking the old north gate was moved to the new park; the first market in Taichū was built in 1908, along Jiguang Road between the Zhongzheng and Chenggong Roads and it is still in use today. The Japanese undertook a north-south island railway project. Taichū Train Station was completed and began operation in 1917, still operates today. Taichū City was declared by Japanese Imperial authorities in 1920, Taichū City Hall was completed in 1924 after eleven years of construction. Kōkan Airport, now known as Taichung Airport, was constructed during Japanese rule. Taichū Middle School was founded in 1915 by elite members of local gentry, including Lin Hsien-tang and his brother Lin Lieh-tang, two wealthy Taiwanese intellectuals of the era.
This was in an effort to teach children the culture of Taiwan and to foster the spirit of the Taiwanese localization movement. The Taiwanese Cultural Association, founded in 1921 in Taipei by Lin Hsien-tang, was moved to Taichū in 1927. Most of the members of this association were from Taichū and the surrounding area; the city became a center of Taiwanese nationalism. From 1926 to 1945, Taichū Prefecture covered modern-day Taichung as well as Changhua County and Nantou County. At the end of the war, Japan handed over control of Taiwan. In 1947 the first Mayor of Taichung County was Lai Tien Shen; the position was appointed by the government to rule during the interim period. Both Taichung areas were declared a provincial city and county in 1949. Since the city has grown as a center of higher education and culture, where 70% of employees worked in service industries; the surrounding county developed manufacturing, which employed 48% of the workforce, focused so on precision machinery, from machine tools to bicycles, that it was nicknamed the “Mechanical Kingdom.”
On 25 December 20
Chinese Professional Baseball League
The Chinese Professional Baseball League is the top-tier professional baseball league in Taiwan. The league was established in 1989. CPBL absorbed the competing Taiwan Major League in 2003; as of the 2019 season, the CPBL consists of four teams. Baseball was first introduced to Taiwan during Japanese rule, gained popularity when the national little league baseball teams won numerous Little League World Series championships in the 1970s and 1980s; the national baseball team performed exceptionally well in many international competitions. However, the development of baseball in Taiwan was limited due to the lack of a professional league, therefore many players were reluctant to commit to the sport; the idea of forming a professional baseball league in Taiwan was first suggested by local Brother Hotel's chairman Hung Teng-Sheng. He formed his amateur Brother Hotel baseball team in 1984, intended to professionalize his team and form a professional league within a few years. Throughout 1988 and 1989, Hung visited numerous Taiwanese businesses, trying to convince them to form professional baseball clubs.
Most of his requests were rejected, but Wei Chuan Corporation, Mercuries Chain Stores, Uni-President Corporation all supported the idea and formed teams. The Chinese Professional Baseball League was established on October 23, 1989, with Hung Teng-sheng acting as secretary-general; because of his contribution to professional baseball in Taiwan, Hung is sometimes referred to as the "Father of the CPBL." Chung Meng-shun designed every original logo of the four founding teams. In 1997, the newly founded Taiwan Major League began to compete with the CPBL; the two leagues were competing with each other, but the TML merged with the CPBL. All teams are owned by and named after large Taiwanese corporations, a similar practice seen in Japan's NPB and South Korea's KBO; each team manages a regional market with a home city, but does not play its games in that market. Other than the home cities, regular season games are held in Hsinchu, Chiayi, Luodong and Taitung with less frequency; each season spans from March to October, with a one-week all-star break in June or July, which separates the season into first and second half-seasons.
Playoffs are early November, with three teams competing in two rounds. A team may qualify for playoffs either by winning a half-season title, or be awarded a wild card berth by attaining the highest place in the seasonal ranks. If a team wins a half-season title, it will not be considered in the seasonal ranks when the winner of the wild card is being decided. If both half seasons were won by the same team, another wild card berth will be given through the same mechanism after the first berth has been awarded. Due to recent reduction in the number of teams, the regulation above may be modified to better apply to the current situation. Since 2005 the champion team will represent Taiwan in the Asia Series to compete with other champion teams from Nippon Professional Baseball, KBO League, Australian Baseball League, the Confederation of European Baseball. A typical monthly salary for a foreign player is in between 5,000-12,000 USD, these positions are filled by AA, AAA, or Japanese minor leaguers.
The number of foreign players allowed on a team's roster is limited to four. Of the four players only three are allowed to be activated on the major league roster, the remaining foreign player can practice and prepare with the team or play in the minors. A foreign player, once sent to the minor league team, must wait a week before being allowed to be recalled to the major league. Foreign players, from regions other than Japan and South Korea, are given Chinese epithets to increase familiarity with Taiwanese fans; these epithets two to three characters in length, are loose transliterations of the players' names and are chosen as terms meant to convey strength or might. One example is Jeff Andra, whose epithet is Feiyong — meaning a flying brave man. However, most foreign players are just given a direct Chinese transcription; some players have now adopted the custom in the rest of the world by placing their surnames on the back of their jerseys using the Latin alphabet. Some teams now have adopted a trend that has picked up in recent years.
The Fubon Guardians only have uniforms with such, the other teams are adopting such jerseys on occasion. * Brother Elephants did not reach an agreement with Taichung City Government, but nonetheless play their home games in the regional market. China Times Eagles Chinatrust Whales dmedia T-REX Mercuries Tigers Wei Chuan Dragons CPBL Minor League took shape in late 2003 as a result of cooperation with Chinese Taipei Baseball Association. Alternative service draftees, players deemed eligible to complete their national service obligation in the field of baseball, were sent to CPBL member organizations to fill their roster. There are four minor league teams, each plays about 80 games annually. Similar to NPB's minor leagues, the minor league teams are each owned by CPBL member clubs as reserve teams rather than independent organizations. Starting in 2019, a new minor league club is set to be operated by the Australian Baseball League as their "winter ball" league as an Australian team is set to begin play in the top CPBL league in 2020.
* Taiwan Series was not held in 1992, 1994 and 1995 because Brother Elephants and Uni-President 7-Eleven Lions won the titles by virtue of winning both half-seasons, res
Taipei known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan. Sitting at the northern tip of the island, Taipei City is an enclave of the municipality of New Taipei City that sits about 25 km southwest of the northern port city Keelung. Most of the city is located in an ancient lakebed; the basin is bounded by the narrow valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers, which join to form the Tamsui River along the city's western border. The city proper is home to an estimated population of 2,704,810, forming the core part of the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area, which includes the nearby cities of New Taipei and Keelung with a population of 7,047,559, the 40th most-populous urban area in the world—roughly one-third of Taiwanese citizens live in the metro district; the name "Taipei" can refer either to the city proper. Taipei is the political, economic and cultural center of Taiwan and one of the major hubs in East Asia. Considered to be a global city and rated as an Alpha City by GaWC, Taipei is part of a major high-tech industrial area.
Railways, high-speed rail, highways and bus lines connect Taipei with all parts of the island. The city is served by two airports -- Taiwan Taoyuan. Taipei is home to various world-famous architectural or cultural landmarks, which include Taipei 101, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Dalongdong Baoan Temple, Hsing Tian Kong, Lungshan Temple of Manka, National Palace Museum, Presidential Office Building, Taipei Guest House and several night markets dispersed throughout the city. Natural features such as Maokong and hot springs are well known to international visitors. In English-language news reports the name Taipei serves as a synecdoche referring to Taiwan's national government. Due to the ambiguous political status of Taiwan internationally, the term Chinese Taipei is sometimes pressed into service as a synonym for the entire country, as when Taiwan's governmental representatives participate in international organizations or Taiwan's athletes participate in international sporting events; the spelling Taipei derives from the Wade–Giles romanization T'ai-pei.
The name could be romanized as Táiběi according to Hanyu Pinyin and Tongyong Pinyin. Prior to the significant influx of Han Chinese immigrants, the region of Taipei Basin was inhabited by the Ketagalan plains aborigines; the number of Han immigrants increased in the early 18th century under Qing Dynasty rule after the government began permitting development in the area. In 1875, the northern part of the island was incorporated into the new Taipeh Prefecture; the Qing dynasty of China made Taipeh-fu the temporary capital of the island in 1887 when it was declared a province. Taipeh was formally made the provincial capital in 1894. Japan acquired Taiwan in 1895 under the Treaty of Shimonoseki after the First Sino-Japanese War. Taiwan became a colony of Imperial Japan with Taihoku as its capital; the city was administered under Taihoku Prefecture. Taiwan's Japanese rulers embarked on an extensive program of advanced urban planning that featured extensive railroad links. A number of Taipei landmarks and cultural institutions date from this period.
Following the surrender of Japan to the United States of America of 1945, effective control of Taiwan was handed to the Republic of China. After losing mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War, the ruling Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to Taiwan and declared Taipei the provisional capital of the ROC in December 1949. Taiwan's Kuomintang rulers regarded the city as the capital of Taiwan Province and their control as mandated by General Order No. 1. In 1990 Taipei provided the backdrop for the Wild Lily student rallies that moved Taiwanese society from one-party rule to multi-party democracy by 1996; the city has since served as the seat of Taiwan's democratically elected national government. The region known as the Taipei Basin was home to Ketagalan tribes before the eighteenth century. Han Chinese from Southern Fujian Province of Qing dynasty China began to settle in the Taipei Basin in 1709. In the late 19th century, the Taipei area, where the major Han Chinese settlements in northern Taiwan and one of the designated overseas trade ports, were located, gained economic importance due to the booming overseas trade that of tea export.
In 1875, the northern part of Taiwan was separated from Taiwan Prefecture and incorporated into the new Taipeh Prefecture as a new administrative entity of the Qing dynasty. Having been established adjoining the flourishing townships of Bangka and Twatutia, the new prefectural capital was known as Chengnei, "the inner city", government buildings were erected there. From 1875 until the beginning of Japanese rule in 1895, Taipei was part of Tamsui County of Taipeh Prefecture and the prefectural capital. In 1885, work commenced to govern the island as a province, Taipeh was temporarily made the provincial capital; the city became the capital in 1894. All that remains from the historical period is the north gate; the west gate and city walls were demolished by the Japanese while the south gate, little south gate, east gate were extensively modified by the Kuomintang and have lost much of their original character. As settlement for losing the First Sino-Japanese War, China ceded the island of Taiwan to the Empire of Japan in 1895 as part of the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
After the Japanese take-over, called Taihoku in Japanese
A brand is an overall experience of a customer that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer. Brands are used in business and advertising. Name brands are sometimes distinguished from generic or store brands; the practice of branding is thought to have begun with the ancient Egyptians, who were known to have engaged in livestock branding as early as 2,700 BCE. Branding was used to differentiate one person’s cattle from another's by means of a distinctive symbol burned into the animal’s skin with a hot branding iron. If a person stole any of the cattle, anyone else who saw the symbol could deduce the actual owner. However, the term has been extended to mean a strategic personality for a product or company, so that ‘brand’ now suggests the values and promises that a consumer may perceive and buy into. Over time, the practice of branding objects extended to a broader range of packaging and goods offered for sale including oil, wine and fish sauce. Branding in terms of painting a cow with symbols or colors at flea markets was considered to be one of the oldest forms of the practice.
Branding is a set of marketing and communication methods that help to distinguish a company or products from competitors, aiming to create a lasting impression in the minds of customers. The key components that form a brand's toolbox include a brand’s identity, brand communication, brand awareness, brand loyalty, various branding strategies. Many companies believe that there is little to differentiate between several types of products in the 21st century, therefore branding is one of a few remaining forms of product differentiation. Brand equity is the measurable totality of a brand's worth and is validated by assessing the effectiveness of these branding components; as markets become dynamic and fluctuating, brand equity is a marketing technique to increase customer satisfaction and customer loyalty, with side effects like reduced price sensitivity. A brand is, in essence, a promise to its customers of what they can expect from products and may include emotional as well as functional benefits.
When a customer is familiar with a brand, or favours it incomparably to its competitors, this is when a corporation has reached a high level of brand equity. Special accounting standards have been devised to assess brand equity. In accounting, a brand defined as an intangible asset, is the most valuable asset on a corporation’s balance sheet. Brand owners manage their brands to create shareholder value, brand valuation is an important management technique that ascribes a monetary value to a brand, allows marketing investment to be managed to maximize shareholder value. Although only acquired brands appear on a company's balance sheet, the notion of putting a value on a brand forces marketing leaders to be focused on long term stewardship of the brand and managing for value; the word ‘brand’ is used as a metonym referring to the company, identified with a brand. Marque or make are used to denote a brand of motor vehicle, which may be distinguished from a car model. A concept brand is a brand, associated with an abstract concept, like breast cancer awareness or environmentalism, rather than a specific product, service, or business.
A commodity brand is a brand associated with a commodity. The word, derives from its original and current meaning as a firebrand, a burning piece of wood; that word comes from the Old High German and Old English byrnan and brinnan via Middle English as birnan and brond. Torches were used to indelibly mark items such as furniture and pottery, to permanently burn identifying marks into the skin of slaves and livestock; the firebrands were replaced with branding irons. The marks themselves took on the term and came to be associated with craftsmen's products. Through that association, the term acquired its current meaning. Branding and labelling have an ancient history. Branding began with the practice of branding livestock in order to deter theft. Images of the branding of cattle occur in ancient Egyptian tombs dating to around 2,700 BCE. Over time, purchasers realised that the brand provided information about origin as well as about ownership, could serve as a guide to quality. Branding was adapted by farmers and traders for use on other types of goods such as pottery and ceramics.
Forms of branding or proto-branding emerged spontaneously and independently throughout Africa and Europe at different times, depending on local conditions. Seals, which acted as quasi-brands, have been found on early Chinese products of the Qin Dynasty. Identity marks, such as stamps on ceramics, were used in ancient Egypt. Diana Twede has argued that the "consumer packaging functions of protection and communication have been necessary whenever packages were the object of transactions", she has shown that amphorae used in Mediterranean trade between 1,500 and 500 BCE exhibited a wide variety of shapes and markings, which consumers used to glean information about the type of goods and the quality. Systematic use of stamped labels dates from around the fourth century BCE. In a pre-literate society, the shape of the amphora and its pictorial markings conveyed information about the contents, region of o
James Cory Snyder is an American former professional baseball right fielder. He played nine seasons in Major League Baseball from 1986 to 1994 for the Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox, Toronto Blue Jays, San Francisco Giants, Los Angeles Dodgers, he was well known for his powerful throwing home run power. Snyder's overall career numbers were hurt due to injuries. Snyder was a three-time All-American for Brigham Young University, a member of the 1983 BYU team. In his first game with BYU, during his first three at-bats, he hit three home runs on three consecutive pitches. In 1984, Snyder was on the first Olympic Baseball team for the United States, which earned a Silver Medal. Snyder managed the Golden Baseball League's St. George Roadrunners from 2007 to 2009. In 2010, he managed the Na Koa Ikaika Maui. Snyder served as a coach for the Tacoma Rainiers, a Triple-A affiliate of the Seattle Mariners, in the early 2010s. Snyder managed the Chinatrust Brothers baseball team of the CPBL for two seasons.
Before coming to Taiwan, he managed Pericos de Puebla in the Mexican League, leading the team to their first LMB championship in 30 years as they defeated the Tijuana Toros 4 games to 2 in the Series of the Kings for the 2016 LMB title. He is only the fourth American manager to win Mexico's highest professional level baseball championship. Snyder and his wife Tina have been married since 1985, they are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and have six children, Amberley, JC, Taylor and Autumn. A film Walk. Ride. Rodeo. has been made about his daughter Amberley Snyder's journey back to professional barrel racing after a car accident left her paralyzed from the waist down. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference
Taichung Intercontinental Baseball Stadium
Taichung Intercontinental Baseball Stadium is a stadium in Beitun District, Taiwan. The stadium opened on November 9, 2006 replacing the antiquated Taichung Baseball Field. Located on the corner of Chongde Road and Huanzhong Road, it has more parking available than the old stadium, which will be much more convenient for fans; the stadium is a venue for rock concerts and hosted Zhang Yimou's Turandot at the Bird's Nest in 2010. Construction on the stadium began in 2005 and is operating on the Build-Operate-Transfer model, becoming common among public works projects in Taiwan; the first phase includes all with seatback chairs. After the second phase was completed in 2008, seating capacity was expanded to 20,000 by adding 5,000 outfield seats; the first major event hosted by the new stadium was the 2006 Intercontinental Cup, a baseball competition between eight nations from four different continents. South Korea defeated the Philippines in the opener 10–0, followed by Chinese Taipei's defeat against Italy 3–13 on November 9.
On the final day of the 2006 Intercontinental Cup it was announced that the 2007 Baseball World Cup will be held in Taichung, with this stadium one of the two to be used for the tournament. The stadium hosted some games at the 2007 Asian Baseball Championship, which counted as the 2008 Summer Olympics qualifier for the Asia region; the stadium hosted the Pool B in the first round of the 2013 World Baseball Classic. The ballpark has hosted a number of games of the Asia Winter Baseball League, most in November/December of 2018 Due to the success of 2006 Intercontinental Cup, Taichung City Government and Chinese Taipei Baseball Association start striving to hold various of international events in following years; the stadium had hosted 10 International Baseball Federation events in first 10 years since the stadium had established. IBAF awarded the World Baseball City medal during the opening ceremony of 2013 18U Baseball World Cup in order to appreciate the contribution that Taichung City Government had done.
Taichung City became the first city to be awarded by IBAF. The World Baseball City stele was erected at the stadium entrance. From the beginning of this project, the stadium had been known as the Taichung International Standard Baseball Stadium. However, newspaper reports had referred to it as the Taichung International Baseball Stadium, A Chinese language schedule for the 2006 Intercontinental Cup had identified the stadium as the Taichung Intercontinental Stadium. According to a report in 2006, the mayor of Taichung, Jason Hu, announced that the name of the stadium has been designated as Intercontinental Baseball Stadium; this is in honor of the event being the first to be held at the stadium. First competitive game: South Korea v. the Philippines. 2006 Intercontinental Cup. First win: South Korea 10 - Philippines 0. 2006 Intercontinental Cup First mercy rule win: South Korea 10 - Philippines 0. 2006 Intercontinental Cup First nine-inning shutout: First extra-inning game: Chinese Taipei v. South Korea.
Archived from the original on 2006-11-07. Retrieved 2006-10-17. ^ "臺中市國際標準棒球場". Archived from the original on 2005-05-29. Retrieved 2006-10-23. ^ "棒協關切台中國際棒球場興建進度". Archived from the original on 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2006-10-23. ^ "台中新棒球場啟用 更名為洲際棒球場". October 20, 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-11-08. Retrieved 2006-10-25. ^ "Italy v. Australia". ^ "Netherlands v. Korea". ^ "Italy v. Chinese Taipei". ^ "Korea v. Chinese Taipei". ^ "Philippines v. Australia"
Lin Chih-sheng known as Ngayaw Ake in Amis language, is a Taiwanese aboriginal baseball player for the Chinatrust Brothers. He began his career with the La New Bears in 2004; the team changed its name to the Lamigo Monkeys in 2011, Lin left after the 2015 season to sign with the Brothers. While with the Bears and Monkeys and his teammate Shih Chih-wei were referred to as the "Sheng-Shih Connection," a reference to the glove puppet film Legend of the Sacred Stone. Alone, Lin is nicknamed "Big Brother."Lin competed at the 2006 Asian Games and had the game-winning hit at the championship game against Japan. In 2008, Lin was chosen to play on the Taiwanese national baseball team at the 2008 Olympic Games, he played in the 2010 Asian Games, captained the national team in the inaugural WBSC Premier12 held in November 2015. He recorded the CPBL's first 30–30 season in 2015, won the MVP award that season. On January 4, 2016, Lin signed with the Chinatrust Brothers, he is the first player to change teams since the implementation of free agency in 2010.
The three-year deal, worth a guaranteed NT$45 million, is the richest in CPBL history, includes NT$9 million in incentives. BR Bullpen Player information from WikiBaseball