The International Basketball Federation, more known as FIBA, from its French name Fédération internationale de basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs the sport of basketball worldwide. Known as the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur, in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but retained the acronym. FIBA defines the rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, organises international competitions, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones: Africa, Asia and Oceania; the FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's Canadian creator James Naismith; the tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in football. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is held quadrennially.
The women's tournament will continue to be held in the same year as the FIFA World Cup. In 2009 FIBA announced three new tournaments: two 12-team U-17 World Championships to be played in July 2010, an eight-team FIBA World Club Championship to be launched in October 2010. However, the FIBA World Club Championship did not materialize. In its place, FIBA instead relaunched its original world club championship for men, the FIBA Intercontinental Cup, in 2013; the newest global FIBA tournaments for national teams are in the three-player half-court variation, 3x3. The FIBA 3x3 U-18 World Championships were inaugurated in 2011, the FIBA 3x3 World Championships for senior teams followed a year later. All events included separate tournaments for men's, women's, mixed teams, but mixed championships are no longer contested; the U-18 championships, held annually, feature 32 teams in each individual tournament. The senior championships have 24 teams in each individual tournament, are held in even-numbered years.
The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was recognized by the IOC. Its original name was Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur. Eight nations were founding members: Argentina, Greece, Latvia, Portugal and Switzerland. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith, the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President. FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Women's World Championship, now known as the Women's World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held every four years; as noted above, the men's World Cup will be moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014. The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956 returned to Geneva in 2002. In 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, "The House of Basketball", at Mies.
Andreas Zagklis is the current Secretary General of FIBA. The Youth Olympic Games are an U-19 event, played in FIBA 3x3 format. FIBA Oceania no longer conducts senior-level championships for either sex. Since 2017, that region's members have competed for FIBA Asia senior championships. FIBA Oceania continues to hold age-grade championships. #1 men's team: United States #1 women's team: United States #1 boys' team: United States #1 girls' team: United States #1 combined ranking: United States Beijing Enterprises Group Company Limited Molten Tencent Wanda Group Nike, Inc. TCL Corporation Tissot Official website History of amateur and professional basketball in Canada at Frozen Hoops InterBasket – International Basketball News and Forum, covering FIBA, Euroleague, NBA FIBA at the Wayback Machine
Michael Paul Beasley Jr. is an American professional basketball player who plays for the Guangdong Southern Tigers of the Chinese Basketball Association. He played college basketball for Kansas State University for one year before declaring for the NBA draft in 2008, he is regarded as one of the best freshman college basketball players of the 2000s. Though he is ambidextrous, he shoots left-handed. Beasley was born in the Prince George's County town of Maryland. Beasley's mother Fatima Smith and his four siblings moved from nearby Montgomery County to Frederick in 2005 and lived there for one year. While growing up, Beasley played for one of the country's most successful AAU youth teams at the time, the PG Jaguars. Beasley won multiple national championships with this team alongside future fellow blue-chip recruits Kevin Durant and Chris Braswell. Beasley moved on to play AAU ball for DC Assault's 17 & Under team, playing alongside such players as future KSU teammate Ron Anderson, Nolan Smith, Chris Wright, Austin Freeman, Julian Vaughn.
Beasley attended a total of six high schools: Bowie High School in Bowie, National Christian Academy in Fort Washington, The Pendleton School in Bradenton, Riverdale Baptist School in Upper Marlboro, Oak Hill Academy in Mouth of Wilson and Notre Dame Preparatory School in Fitchburg, Massachusetts. As a high school senior, he averaged 16 rebounds per game. In 2006, Beasley was a second-team Parade All-American and was named to the 2006 USA Men's U18 National Team member on June 26, 2006. Beasley averaged team highs of 13.8 ppg. and 8.3 rpg at the 2006 FIBA Americas U18 Championship for Men in San Antonio, Texas. He ranked fifth in rebounds per game among all 2006 tournament leaders, he ranks third all-time in the USA Men's U18 record book, he was named to the McDonald's All-American team. In the 2007 McDonald's All-American Boys Game, he won the MVP with 12 rebounds. Rivals.com rated Beasley No. 1 in the class of 2007 high school basketball prospects. Beasley began his freshman year at Kansas State in the fall of 2007.
In the 2007–2008 regular season, Beasley was one of the most dominant players in the country. His 26.2 points and nation-leading 12.4 rebounds were the most by a Big 12 player in any season. His 866 total points and 408 rebounds ranked second among all freshmen in NCAA history, he led the nation in double-doubles, 40-point games, 30-point, 10-rebound games, 20-point, 10-rebound games. His 28 double-doubles broke the freshman double-double record held by Carmelo Anthony who had 22 double-doubles in his only season at Syracuse in 2002–03. On February 23, 2008, Beasley scored a Big 12 record 44 points in a 92-86 loss at Baylor. Beasley became known as an unstoppable force when shooting, finishing the season shooting 53.7 percent from the field. He finished the season shooting 39.5 percent from 3-point range. Beasley holds 30 Kansas State career, single-season and freshman records as well as 17 Big 12 single-game and single-season marks. Beasley guided the Wildcats to a 20–10 record and a 10–6 Big 12 Conference record.
Some of the key conference victories were a win at Oklahoma and, a home victory against Texas A&M, a victory against then-unbeaten No. 2 Kansas, marking the first time in over four years that Kansas State defeated a Top 10 team at home, the first time K-State beat Kansas in Manhattan since 1983 and the first-ever victory against the Jayhawks in Bramlage Coliseum. The win backed up a boast he had made before the season about K-State's prospects against the Jayhawks: We're going to beat Kansas at home. We're going to beat them in their house. We're going to beat them in Africa. Wherever we play, we're going to beat them. On March 1, 2008, his boast did not come true, as Kansas won the return match in Lawrence, 88–74 despite 39 points and 11 rebounds from Beasley, he matched a Big 12 record by equaling former Kansas player Drew Gooden's record for most double-doubles in a season. With his 33-point, 14-rebound effort against Colorado on March 4, he eclipsed Mitch Richmond's 20-year-old school single-season points record, while he broke the Big 12 record for double-doubles in a season with his 26th for the year.
He is just the 27th player in NCAA Division I history to post 26 or more double-doubles in a season and the first since Utah's Andrew Bogut did it in 2004–05. Beasley led the Wildcats to a 10–6 record in conference play, earning a number 3 seed in the 2008 Big 12 Men's Basketball Tournament at the Sprint Center in Kansas City, Missouri; the Wildcats faced the No. 6 seed Texas A&M Aggies and lost 77–71. Beasley had 9 rebounds, one board short of a double-double, he shot 10 -- 21 from 1 -- 4 from behind the three-point line. He registered three blocks; the Wildcats earned a berth in the 2008 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament as the No. 11 seed in the Midwest Region. They beat the No. 6 seed USC Trojans. Beasley had 11 rebounds for his 27th double-double of the year. However, the Wildcats lost 72–55 to No. 3 Wisconsin in the second round of the tournament. Beasley added 13 rebounds against the Badgers his 28th and final double-double. On April 14, 2008, Beasley announced that he would forgo his last three years of eligibility and enter the NBA draft.
Beasley is one of just two players in Kansas State history to earn first team All-America honors from the Associated Press. Over
Yi Jianlian is a Chinese professional basketball player for the Guangdong Southern Tigers of the Chinese Basketball Association. He has played in the National Basketball Association for the Milwaukee Bucks, New Jersey Nets, Washington Wizards and Dallas Mavericks. Yi joined the Guangdong Southern Tigers for the 2002–03 CBA season, subsequently won the CBA Rookie of the Year award. In his first five years with Guangdong, the team won three CBA titles. In the 2007 NBA draft, he was selected by the Milwaukee Bucks with the sixth overall pick. Yi declined to sign with Milwaukee for several months before agreeing to a contract with them on 29 August 2007, he played for three other NBA teams until returning to the Guangdong Southern Tigers in 2012. Yi plays for the Chinese national team, having represented his country at the Olympics in 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016, as well as the 2006 and 2010 FIBA World Championships; as a child, Yi's parents did not allow him to join a sports school, designed for children predicted to be future professional athletes.
However, a sports school's basketball coach who noticed Yi's potential in playing street basketball persuaded Yi's family to allow him to train professionally. Hoping to sign Yi to an endorsement deal, Adidas invited him to attend the company's ABCD camp in New Jersey in 2002, where he competed against all-American high school players. After returning to China that year, he signed a professional contract with Chinese Basketball Association side Guangdong Southern Tigers and averaged 3.5 points and 1.9 rebounds per game in his first season. He averaged 7.3 points and 7.3 rebounds per game in four games during the playoffs, won the Rookie of the Year award. Yi was featured in TIME's August 2003 article titled "The Next Yao Ming". In each of his next three seasons, Yi led Guangdong to the CBA championship and he was awarded the CBA finals' most valuable player honor in 2006. In Yi's final season in the Chinese Basketball Association before he entered the 2007 NBA draft, he averaged a career-high 24.9 points and 11.5 rebounds per game, but his team lost to the Bayi Rockets in the playoff finals.
During the 2011 NBA lockout, Yi signed a one-year contract to return to the Guangdong Southern Tigers. Unlike most NBA players who went to the Chinese Basketball Association during that time, he received an option to return to the NBA once the lockout had been resolved. After the lockout ended, he signed with the Dallas Mavericks for the remainder of the 2011–12 season. Yi re-joined the Guangdong Southern Tigers for the 2012–13 CBA season and went on to win a fourth championship that season. In October 2016, Yi returned to Guangdong after spending training camp with the Los Angeles Lakers. Yi was not expected to enter the NBA draft until 2009 because the Chinese Basketball Association ruled that players are not allowed to leave for foreign leagues until they turned 22. In early 2006, however, Yi announced that he would enter the 2006 NBA draft although he decided to withdraw, saying he was "not good enough to compete in the NBA and needed more experience." That year, the Guangdong Southern Tigers announced that Yi would enter the 2007 NBA draft.
Yi chose Dan Fegan as his agent to represent him in the NBA draft and flew to Los Angeles to participate in pre-NBA draft camps. Before the draft, Yi was predicted by many to be picked anywhere from third to twelfth. On 28 June 2007, Yi was selected by the Milwaukee Bucks with the sixth overall pick in the 2007 NBA draft, despite Fegan warning the Milwaukee Bucks not to pick Yi and not allowing them to be one of the teams invited to Yi's pre-draft private workouts in Los Angeles. Fegan did not want Milwaukee to select Yi because the city of Milwaukee did not have a large Asian-American community. However, Milwaukee's general manager Larry Harris said they had only drafted the best player available to them. Yi and Sun Yue together marked the first time in NBA draft history where two Chinese born players were selected in the same draft, a feat that would not be repeated again until 2016. After the draft, Milwaukee attempted to convince Yi to sign with the team and on 2 July 2007, the owner of the Bucks franchise, Herb Kohl, wrote a letter to Yi and his representatives, hoping to persuade Yi to sign with the team.
Three days head coach Larry Krystkowiak and Harris met with Yi, attempting to influence him to play for Milwaukee, however, Yi's representatives requested that the team trade Yi to another team with a city that had a large Chinese presence. Chinese officials required that any team Yi played for would have to give him sufficient playing time for him to improve for the 2008 Summer Olympics. Kohl made a special trip to Hong Kong to appeal to Yi and he assured Chinese officials that Yi would have sufficient playing time. On 29 August 2007, the Milwaukee Yi agreed to a standard, multi-year rookie contract. Yi was named to Milwaukee's starting lineup by head coach Larry Krystkowiak in place of Charlie Villanueva to begin the 2007–08 season, he recorded three rebounds in a debut loss to the Orlando Magic. He played his first home game in Milwaukee three days and scored 16 points while grabbing eight boards in a 78–72 win over the Chicago Bulls; the game was Yi's first game to be televised nationally in China, where it was watched by an estimated 100 million viewers.
Yao Ming praised Yi's play in his first few games, saying, "If you compare us in our third NBA games, you will see that Yi's statistics are far better than mine."On 9 November 2007, Yi played against Yao for the first time when the Houston Rockets hosted Milwaukee in a 104–88 loss. Yi recorded 19 po
Wang Zhizhi is a retired Chinese professional basketball player, the head coach of the Bayi Rockets, the team with which he spent his domestic career in the Chinese Basketball Association. He played in the National Basketball Association for the Dallas Mavericks, Los Angeles Clippers, Miami Heat, becoming China's first player to compete in the NBA; the son of two former basketball players, Wang Zhizhi started playing basketball at the age of 8, when he was 14 his parents signed him up for the People's Liberation Army, considering the PLA to have the best coaching and facilities in China. He grew up watching weekly NBA game broadcasts on television in Beijing, idolizing Hakeem Olajuwon and Charles Barkley. Although Wang was born in 1977, when processing his travel documents, authorities instead represented his birth year as 1979 so that he could participate longer in youth athletics competitions. Wang signed his first professional contract with the Bayi Rockets in 1994; when the Chinese Basketball Association staged its first season in 1995–96, Wang was one of the youngest players in the league, but he soon became a starter and key member on the star-studded squad.
From 1995–96 until his departure for the National Basketball Association after the 2000–01 season, he and the import-less Bayi Rockets won the first six CBA championships, but the team's dynasty was upended by Yao Ming and the Shanghai Sharks as soon as Wang left for the NBA. To the surprise of all Chinese basketball officials and reporters, the Dallas Mavericks of the National Basketball Association selected Wang with the 36th pick in the second round of the 1999 NBA draft. Dallas' assistant general manager Donnie Nelson had grown an interest in Wang since he spotted him in a 1993 game in Russia. Once Wang's agent Xia Song learned about Wang's real date of birth, which made him 22 and automatically eligible for the draft, he contacted Nelson and started arranging for his client to join the NBA. Xia was in Dallas on draft night, had a proof of Wang's age through his old military identification. Unprepared and confused, the Bayi Rockets refused to allow their only center to leave for the National Basketball Association, at least immediately.
After long periods of negotiations, Wang was let go by his team and the Chinese basketball officials to pursue his NBA dream, two years after he was drafted. He became the first Chinese player to play in the National Basketball Association. Wang arrived in Dallas after winning his last CBA championship title when there were fewer than ten games left in the 2000–01 season. Despite some adjustment difficulties, Wang managed well by averaging 4.8 points per game and 1.4 rebounds per game, making the team's playoff roster. Two days after Dallas were eliminated from the playoffs, Wang hurried back to China to play in the 2001 East Asian Games according to an agreement formed between the Chinese authorities and the Dallas Mavericks. However, Wang still had one obligation to fulfill before being allowed to return to the National Basketball Association, his former club Bayi requested that he stay in China to play in the 2001 National Games in November 2001. Wang returned to Dallas after defeating Yao Ming's Shanghai team by one point in the final, but he found that he had a lot of catching up to do as other players had two months of preparation and training.
Wang's contract with Dallas expired after the 2001–02 season. With his future up in the air, he decided that he would spend the summer in the United States, rather than returning to China for training, as the Dallas Mavericks had promised the Chinese basketball officials. Wang fired his agent Xia Song when the latter suggested otherwise, following the advice of his American-born Chinese friend Simon Chan, moved to Los Angeles without telling either Dallas or his Chinese side about his intentions. During his stay, Chinese basketball officials faxed two letters to him urging him to return to China as soon as possible to train with the Chinese national basketball team. A major blow to all parties involved was an article by Jodie Valade that appeared in The Dallas Morning News which hinted that Wang, who had not yet stated his intentions, might consider defecting to the United States. China sent two military officials who had known Wang well to go to the United States for a final negotiation. During a press conference, Wang stressed that the relationship between him and the Chinese was like one between "a son and a mother", the conflict was all a big misunderstanding.
He was dismissed from the Chinese national team for failing to return to China for practice in 2002. Wang signed with the Los Angeles Clippers in 2002 and after a season with them, he was placed on waivers; the Miami Heat decided to sign Wang to a multi-year contract after picking him up. He became a free agent at the end of the 2004–05 season after playing for two seasons with Miami. Following the 2004–05 season, Wang returned to China to rejoin Bayi in the Chinese Basketball Association, but would not be activated by the Rockets until the 2006–07 season; the impact of his return was immediate. Wang was named CBA Finals MVP for the second time in his career as the Rockets beat the Guangdong Southern Tigers in the championship series, he announced his retirement at the end of the 2013–14 season, but returned to the court the next year, after Bayi went 0–7 in their first seven games. On July 12, 2016, Wang finalized his retirement from professional basketball, he had become an assistant coach for the Rockets in 2015, took over as head coach prior to the 2018–19 season.
Wang became the first Chinese player to be
Gilbert Jay Arenas Jr. is a former American professional basketball player. Arenas attended Grant High School in the Valley Glen district of Los Angeles, accepted a scholarship offer to the University of Arizona late in his junior year, he was selected in the second round by the Golden State Warriors. Arenas is a three-time NBA All-Star, three-time member of the All-NBA Teams, was voted the NBA Most Improved Player in the 2002–03 season. Arenas was most nicknamed "Agent Zero", due to his former jersey number and his clutch shot-making ability, but has been referred to as "Hibachi", a nod to the small Japanese barbequing device, which translates to "bowl of fire." Both names became fan favorites during his time in the Washington, D. C. area, where he was considered top gun. He has been nicknamed "Gibby."Arenas was suspended for most of the 2009–10 season because of handgun violations stemming from an episode on December 24, 2009, for subsequent actions that appeared to make light of this episode.
In late 2010, Arenas was traded from the Washington Wizards to the Orlando Magic. After the 2011 NBA lockout, Arenas was waived by the Magic as the first victim of the "amnesty clause." He signed with the Memphis Grizzlies for a part of the 2011–12 NBA season. In 2012, he joined the Shanghai Sharks of the Chinese Basketball Association. Arenas was born in Florida, his paternal great-grandfather, Hipolito Arenas Sr. is from Santiago, Cuba. Arenas was raised in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles where he played basketball at Ulysses S. Grant High School, his #25 was retired by the school. Arenas played basketball at the University of Arizona. At Arizona, Arenas played with Richard Jefferson a future NBA player. In 2001, when Arenas was a sophomore, Arizona finished as runner-up. Shortly after the tournament, Arenas declared. After a productive college career, Arenas entered the 2001 NBA draft. Despite strong consideration from many teams in the first round, Arenas fell to the second round, being selected with the 31st overall pick by the Golden State Warriors.
Arenas would wear the number 0 on his jersey to signify the number of minutes that experts predicted he would play in the NBA. Arenas started 30 games and averaged 10.9 points per game for the Warriors, who finished in last place in the Western Conference that season. In the 2002–03 NBA season, his second year in the league, Arenas received the NBA Most Improved Player Award and was named Most Valuable Player of the Rookie-Sophomore game during the NBA All-Star Weekend. After the 2002–2003 season, he signed with the Washington Wizards after flipping a coin to decide among several teams, including the Wizards and Los Angeles Clippers, he signed a six-year, $60 million contract with Washington. If Arenas had been a first-round pick, the Warriors, who were over the salary cap, would have been able to use exceptions in the cap rules to match the offer. However, at the time, these exceptions could not be used to re-sign second-round draft picks, meaning that the Warriors were unable to match; the "Gilbert Arenas Rule" was created to allow teams like the Warriors the ability to re-sign restricted free agents who had not been first-round picks.
Arenas battled a strained abdominal muscle injury all season. However, Arenas teamed up with shooting guard Larry Hughes in 2004–05 to give the Wizards the highest-scoring backcourt duo in the NBA. Arenas was selected for his first NBA All-Star Game, he guided the team to a 45-win season and its first playoff berth since 1997. Arenas led the team in scoring with 25.5 ppg, finished seventh in the league in that category. He finished sixth in the league in steals per game in 2004–05 with 2.24. In the fifth game of the first round of the Eastern Conference playoffs in 2005, Arenas hit a 16-foot fadeaway as time expired to give the Wizards a 112–110 win over the Chicago Bulls; the Wizards won the series, the franchise's first playoff series victory in more than a decade. Known for his fierce competitiveness and somewhat unusual behavior and style, Arenas became a fan favorite in Washington. In 2006, Wizards fansite Wizznutzz.com jokingly dubbed him "Agent Zero", a nickname Arenas liked so much that it stuck.
Arenas averaged 29.3 points, which ranked fourth among the scoring leaders, two steals, 6.1 assists per game during the 2005–06 NBA season. Despite his accomplishments, neither fans nor coaches selected Arenas to the 2006 All-Star Game, he was able to get in due to the injury to Indiana Pacers forward–center Jermaine O'Neal. He participated in the Three-point Shootout, where he was the runner-up to Dirk Nowitzki in the contest; the Washington Wizards clinched the fifth seed in the Eastern Conference. During the off-season, Arenas said that he was willing to take a pay cut in order to give the Wizards additional money with which to sign available free agents, he had expressed a desire to win a championship with the Wizards. One of Arenas's most memorable plays was a 40-foot jump shot in Round 1 of the 2006 NBA playoffs in which the Wizards were eliminated by the Cleveland Cavaliers in six games. Arenas himself has noted that he withdrew from the United States national team for the 2006 FIBA World Championship because he felt that assistant coaches Mike D'Antoni and Nate McMillan had determined the roster prior to tryouts.
Afterward, he stated. He succeeded at his goal versus powerhouse Phoenix, s
Uzbekistan also the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. The sovereign state is a secular, unitary constitutional republic, comprising 12 provinces, one autonomous republic, a capital city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north. Along with Liechtenstein, it is one of the world's only two doubly landlocked countries. What is now Uzbekistan was in ancient times part of the Iranian-speaking region of Transoxiana and Turan; the first recorded settlers were Eastern Iranian nomads, known as Scythians, who founded kingdoms in Khwarezm, Sogdia and Margiana. The area was incorporated into the Persian Empire and, after a period of Macedonian Greek rule, was ruled by the Persian Parthian Empire and by the Sasanian Empire, until the Muslim conquest of Persia in the 7th century; the Muslim conquest in the 7th century converted the majority of the population, including the local ruling classes, into adherents of Islam. During this period, cities such as Samarkand and Bukhara began to grow rich from the Silk Road.
The local Khwarezmian dynasty, Central Asia as a whole, were decimated by the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. After the Mongol Conquests, the area became dominated by Turkic peoples; the city of Shahrisabz was the birthplace of the Turco-Mongol warlord Timur known as one of Genghis Khan's grandchildren, who in the 14th century established the Timurid Empire and was proclaimed the Supreme Emir of Turan with his capital in Samarkand. The area was conquered by Uzbek Shaybanids in the 16th century, moving the centre of power from Samarkand to Bukhara; the region was split into three states: Khanate of Khiva, Khanate of Kokand, Emirate of Bukhara. It was incorporated into the Russian Empire during the 19th century, with Tashkent becoming the political center of Russian Turkestan. In 1924, after national delimitation, the constituent republic of the Soviet Union known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was created. Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, it declared independence as the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31 August 1991.
Uzbekistan has a diverse cultural heritage due to strategic location. Its first major official language is Uzbek, a Turkic language written in the Latin alphabet and spoken natively by 85% of the population. Russian has widespread use as a governmental language. Uzbeks constitute 81% of the population, followed by Russians, Tajiks and others. Muslims constitute 79% of the population while 5% of the population follow Russian Orthodox Christianity, 16% of the population follow other religions or are non-religious. A majority of Uzbeks are non-denominational Muslims. Uzbekistan is a member of the CIS, OSCE, UN, the SCO. While a democratic republic, by 2008 non-governmental human rights organizations defined Uzbekistan as "an authoritarian state with limited civil rights". Following the death of Islam Karimov in 2016, the second president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, started a new course, described as a A Quiet Revolution and Revolution from Above, he stated he intended to abolish cotton slavery, systematic use of child labour, exit visas, to introduce a tax reform, create four new free economic zones, as well as amnestied some political prisoners.
The relations with neighboring countries of Tajikistan and Afghanistan drastically improved. However, the Amnesty International report on human rights in the country for 2017/2018 described continued repressive measures, including forced labour in cotton harvesting, restrictions on movements of'freed' prisoners; the Uzbek economy is in a gradual transition to the market economy, with foreign trade policy being based on import substitution. In September 2017, the country's currency became convertible in the market rates. Uzbekistan is a major exporter of cotton; the country operates the largest open-pit gold mine in the world. With the gigantic power-generation facilities of the Soviet era and an ample supply of natural gas, Uzbekistan has become the largest electricity producer in Central Asia. Renewable energy constitutes more than 23% of the country's energy sector, with hydroelectricity and solar energy having 21.4% and 2% respectively. Uzbekistan has an area of 447,400 square kilometres, it is the 56th largest country in the 42nd by population.
Among the CIS countries, it is the 2nd largest by population. Uzbekistan lies between latitudes 37° and 46° N, longitudes 56° and 74° E, it stretches 1,425 kilometres from west to east and 930 kilometres from north to south. Bordering Kazakhstan and the Aralkum Desert to the north and northwest and Afghanistan to the southwest, Tajikistan to the southeast, Kyrgyzstan to the northeast, Uzbekistan is one of the largest Central Asian states and the only Central Asian state to border all the other four. Uzbekistan shares a short border with Afghanistan to the south. Uzbekistan is a landlocked country, it is one of two doubly landlocked countries in the world (that is, a country completel
Yao Ming is a Chinese basketball executive and retired professional basketball player who played for the Shanghai Sharks of the Chinese Basketball Association and the Houston Rockets of the National Basketball Association. He was selected to start for the Western Conference in the NBA All-Star Game eight times, was named to the All-NBA Team five times. At the time of his final season, he was the tallest active player in the NBA, at 2.29 m. He is the only player from outside of the United States to lead the NBA in All-Star votes. Yao, born in Shanghai, started playing for the Shanghai Sharks as a teenager, played on their senior team for five years in the Chinese Basketball Association, winning a championship in his final year. After negotiating with the CBA and the Sharks to secure his release, Yao was selected by the Houston Rockets as the first overall pick in the 2002 NBA draft, he reached the NBA Playoffs four times, the Rockets won the first-round series in the 2009 postseason, their first playoff series victory since 1997.
In July 2011, Yao announced his retirement from professional basketball because of a series of foot and ankle injuries which forced him to miss 250 games in his last six seasons. In eight seasons with the Rockets, Yao ranks sixth among franchise leaders in total points and total rebounds, second in total blocks. Yao is one of China's best-known athletes, with sponsorships with several major companies, his rookie year in the NBA was the subject of a documentary film, The Year of the Yao, he co-wrote, along with NBA analyst Ric Bucher, an autobiography titled Yao: A Life in Two Worlds. In April 2016, Yao was elected into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, alongside Shaquille O'Neal and Allen Iverson. In February 2017, Yao was unanimously elected as chairman of Chinese Basketball Association. Yao is the only child of 6 ft 7 in Yao Zhiyuan and 6 ft 3 in Fang Fengdi, both of whom were former professional basketball players. At 11 pounds, Yao weighed more than twice as much as the average Chinese newborn.
When Yao was nine years old, he attended a junior sports school. The following year, Yao measured 5 feet 5 inches and was examined by sports doctors, who predicted he would grow to 7 feet 3 inches. Yao first tried out for the Shanghai Sharks junior team of the Chinese Basketball Association when he was thirteen years old, practiced ten hours a day for his acceptance. After playing with the junior team for four years, Yao joined the senior team of the Sharks, where he averaged 10 points and 8 rebounds a game in his rookie season, his next season was cut short when he broke his foot for the second time in his career, which Yao said decreased his jumping ability by four to six inches. The Sharks made the finals of the CBA in Yao's third season and again the next year, but lost both times to the Bayi Rockets; when Wang Zhizhi left the Bayi Rockets to become the first NBA player from China the following year, the Sharks won their first CBA championship. During the playoffs in his final year with Shanghai, Yao averaged 38.9 points and 20.2 rebounds a game, while shooting 76.6% from the field, made all 21 of his shots during one game in the finals.
Yao was pressured to enter the NBA draft in 1999 by Li Yaomin, the deputy general manager of the Shanghai Sharks. Li influenced Yao to sign a contract for Evergreen Sports Inc. to serve as his agent. The agreement entitled Evergreen to 33% of Yao's earnings, but the contract was determined to be invalid; when Yao decided to enter the 2002 NBA draft, a group of advisers was formed that came to be known as "Team Yao". The team consisted of Erik Zhang. Yao was predicted to be picked number one overall. However, some teams were concerned about Yao's NBA eligibility because of uncertainty over whether the CBA would let Yao play in the United States. Shortly after Wang Zhizhi refused to return to China to play for the national team and was subsequently banned from playing for China, the CBA stipulated that Yao would have to return to play for the national team, they said they would not let him go to the United States unless the Houston Rockets would take him first overall. After assurances from Team Yao that the Rockets would draft Yao with their number one pick, the CBA gave permission on the morning of the draft for Yao to play in the U.
S. When the Rockets selected Yao with the first pick of the draft, he became the first international player to be selected first overall without having played U. S. college basketball. Yao did not participate in the Rockets' pre-season training camp, instead playing for China in the 2002 FIBA World Championships. Before the season, several commentators, including Bill Simmons and Dick Vitale, predicted that Yao would fail in the NBA, Charles Barkley said he would "kiss ass" if Yao scored more than 19 points in one of his rookie-season games. Yao played his first NBA game against the Indiana Pacers, scoring no points and grabbing two rebounds, scored his first NBA basket against the Denver Nuggets. In his first seven games, he averaged only 14 minutes and 4 points, but on November 17, he scored 20 points on a perfect 9-of-9 from the field and 2-of-2 from the free-throw line against the Lakers. Barkley made good on his bet by kissing the buttock of a donkey purchased by Smith for the occasion. In Yao's first game in Miami on December 16, 2002, the Heat passed out 8,000 fortune cookies, an Asian cultural stereotype.