Chinese star names

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Chinese star names (Chinese: , xīng míng) are named according to ancient Chinese astronomy and astrology. The sky is divided into star mansions (宿, xīng xiù, also translated as "lodges") and asterisms (, xīng guān);[1] the system of 283 asterisms under Three Enclosures and Twenty-eight Mansions was established by Chen Zhuo of the Three Kingdoms period, who synthesized ancient constellations and the asterisms created by early astronomers Shi Shen, Gan De and Wuxian.[2] Since the Han and Jin Dynasties, stars have been given reference numbers within their asterisms in a system similar to the Bayer or Flamsteed designations, so that individual stars can be identified.[3] For example, Deneb (α Cyg) is referred to as (Tiān Jīn Sì, the Fourth Star of Celestial Ford).

In the Qing Dynasty, Chinese knowledge of the sky was improved by the arrival of European star charts. Yixiang Kaocheng, compiled in mid-18th century by then deputy Minister of Rites Ignaz Kögler, expanded the star catalogue to more than 3000 stars; the newly added stars (, zēng xīng) were named as (zēng yī, 1st added star), (zēng èr, 2nd added star) etc. For example, γ Cephei is referred to as (Shào Wèi Zēng Bā, 8th Added Star of Second Imperial Guard); some stars may have been assigned more than one name due to the inaccuracies of traditional star charts.

While there is little disagreement on the correspondence between traditional Chinese and Western star names for brighter stars, many asterisms, in particular those originally from Gan De, were created primarily for astrological purposes and can only be mapped to very dim stars;[4] the first attempt to fully map the Chinese constellations was made by Paul Tsuchihashi in late 19th century. In 1981, based on Yixiang Kaocheng and Yixiang Kaocheng Xubian, the first complete map of Chinese stars and constellations was published by Yi Shitong (伊世同).[5]

The list is based on Atlas Comparing Chinese and Western Star Maps and Catalogues by Yi Shitong (1981) and Star Charts in Ancient China by Chen Meidong (1996). In a few cases, meanings of the names are vague due to their antiquity.[6] In this article, the translation by Hong Kong Space Museum is used.

Three Enclosures[edit]

Purple Forbidden Enclosure[edit]

The Purple Forbidden Enclosure ( Zǐ Wēi Yuán) occupies the region around the North Celestial Pole and represents the imperial palace, it corresponds to constellations Auriga, Boötes, Camelopardalis, Canes Venatici, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Draco, Hercules, Leo Minor, Lynx, Ursa Major, and Ursa Minor.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note
北極 (Běi Jí, North Pole) 太子 (Tài Zǐ, Crown Prince)
γ UMi (Pherkad)
帝 (, Emperor)
β UMi (Kochab)
庶子 (Shù Zǐ, Son of Concubine)
5 UMi
後宮 (Hòu Gōng, Imperial Harem)
4 UMi
天樞 (Tiān Shū, Celestial Pivot)
HIP 62561
四輔 (Sì Fǔ, Four Advisors) Unclear HIP 51384 HIP 51502
勾陳 (Gōu Chén, Curved Array) α UMi (Polaris) δ UMi (Yildun) ε UMi ζ UMi (Akhfa al Farkadain) 2 UMi
天皇大帝 (Tiān Huáng Dà Dì, Great Emperor of Heaven) HIP 109693[note 1]
天柱 (Tiān Zhù, Celestial Pillar) 76 Dra 77 Dra 69 Dra 59 Dra 40 Dra
御女 (Yù Nǚ, Maids-in-waiting) τ Dra 50 Dra 29 Dra
女史 (Nǚ Shǐ, Female Protocol) ψ1 Dra (Dziban)
柱史 (Zhù Shǐ, Official of Royal Archives) φ Dra
尚書 (Shàng Shū, Royal Secretary) 27 Dra 15 Dra 18 Dra HIP 80161 19 Dra
天床 (Tiān Chuáng, Celestial Bed) HIP 69373 HIP 74605 HIP 77277 HIP 79414 RR UMi 6 UMi
大理 (Dà Lǐ, Chief Judge) CO Cam Unclear
陰德 (Yīn Dé, Hidden Virtue) HIP 51808 HIP 91114
六甲 (Liù Jiǎ, Six Jia) HIP 32439 M Cam HIP 39538 VZ Cam HIP 23265 K Cam
五帝內座 (Wǔ Dì Nèi Zuò, Interior Seats of Five Emperors) HIP 14417 47 Cas HIP 13055 HIP 15547 HIP 19461
華蓋 (Huá Gài, Canopy of the Emperor) Unclear 40 Cas HIP 5926 31 Cas ψ Cas 43 Cas ω Cas
槓 (Gàng, Canopy Support) γ Cam HIP 14862 49 Cas 51 Cas 50 Cas 54 Cas 48 Cas 42 Cas 38 Cas
紫微右垣 (Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán, Right Wall) 右樞 (Yòu Shū, Right Pivot)
α Dra (Thuban)
少尉 (Shào Wèi, Second Chief Judge)
κ Dra
上輔 (Shàng Fǔ, First Minister)
λ Dra (Giausar)
少輔 (Shào Fǔ, Second Minister)
24 UMa
上衛 (Shàng Wèi, First Imperial Guard)
43 Cam
少衛 (Shào Wèi, Second Imperial Guard)
α Cam
上丞 (Shàng Chéng, First Prime Minister)
BK Cam
紫微左垣 (Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán, Left Wall) 左樞 (Zuǒ Shū, Left Pivot)
ι Dra (Edasich)
上宰 (Shàng Zǎi, First Premier)
θ Dra
少宰 (Shào Zǎi, Second Premier)
η Dra (Athebyne)
上弼 (Shàng Bì, First Minister)
ζ Dra (Aldhibah)
少弼 (Shào Bì, Second Minister)
υ Dra
上衛 (Shàng Wèi, First Imperial Guard)
73 Dra
少衛 (Shào Wèi, Second Imperial Guard)
π Dra
少丞 (Shào Chéng, Second Prime Minister)
23 Cas
天乙 (Tiān Yǐ, Celestial Great One) 7 Dra (Tianyi)[7]
太乙 (Tài Yǐ, First Great One) 8 Dra (Taiyi)[7]
內廚 (Nèi Chú, Inner Kitchen) 10 Dra HIP 66798
北斗 (Běi Dǒu, Northern Dipper) 天樞 (Tiān Shū, Celestial Pivot)
α UMa (Dubhe)
天璇 (Tiān Xuán, Celestial Rotating Jade)
β UMa (Merak)
天璣 (Tiān Jī, Celestial Shining Pearl)
γ UMa (Phecda)
天權 (Tiān Quán, Celestial Balance)
δ UMa (Megrez)
玉衡 (Yù Héng, Jade Sighting-tube)
ε UMa (Alioth)
開陽 (Kāi Yáng, Opener of Heat)
ζ UMa (Mizar)
搖光 (Yáo Guāng, Twinkling Brilliance)
η UMa (Alkaid)
輔 (, Assistant) 80 UMa (Alcor)
天槍 (Tiān Qiāng, Celestial Spear) κ Boo (Asellus Tertius) ι Boo (Asellus Secundus) θ Boo (Asellus Primus)
玄戈 (Xuán Gē, Sombre Lance) λ Boo (Xuange)
三公 (Sān Gōng, Three Excellencies) Unclear 24 CVn 21 CVn
相 (Xiàng, Prime Minister) 5 CVn
天理 (Tiān Lǐ, Judge for Nobility) HIP 55060 HIP 55797 66 UMa HIP 58259 HIP 56035
太陽守 (Tài Yáng Shǒu, Guard of the Sun) χ UMa (Taiyangshou)
太尊 (Tài Zūn, Royals) ψ UMa
天牢 (Tiān Láo, Celestial Prison) ω UMa 57 UMa 47 UMa (Chalawan) 58 UMa 49 UMa 56 UMa
勢 (Shì, Eunuch) 34 LMi 33 LMi 42 LMi 46 LMi (Praecipua)
文昌 (Wén Chāng, Administrative Centre) Unclear υ UMa φ UMa θ UMa f UMa e UMa
內階 (Nèi Jiē, Inner Steps) ο UMa (Muscida) c UMa 6 UMa 23 UMa b UMa 17 UMa
三師 (Sān Shī, Three Top Instructors) ρ UMa Unclear σ1 UMa
八穀 (Bā Gǔ, Eight Kinds of Crops) δ Aur ξ Aur 26 Cam 14 Cam 7 Cam 9 Aur 11 Cam 31 Cam
傳舍 (Chuán Shè, Guest House) HIP 117371 16 Cas 32 Cas 32 Cas 55 Cas HIP 13665 CS Cam CE Cam D Cam
天廚 (Tiān Chú, Celestial Kitchen) δ Dra (Altais) σ Dra (Alsafi) ε Dra (Tyl) ρ Dra e Dra π Dra
天棓 (Tiān Bàng, Celestial Flail) ξ Dra (Grumium) ν2 Dra (Kuma) β Dra (Rastaban) γ Dra (Eltanin) ι Dra (Edasich)

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 +24 +25 +26 +27 +28 +29 +30 +31 +32 +33 +34 Note
庶子 (Shù Zǐ, Son of Concubine) Unclear 3 UMi 10 UMi
四輔 (Sì Fǔ, Four Advisors) HIP 47193
勾陳 (Gōu Chén, Curved Array) HIP 112519 HIP 115746 OV Cep λ UMi 24 UMi θ UMi 19 UMi η UMi (Anwar al Farkadain) 20 UMi
天柱 (Tiān Zhù, Celestial Pillar) 59 Dra κ Cep 74 Dra 75 Dra 41 Dra 35 Dra
御女 (Yù Nǚ, Maids-in-waiting) Unclear
女史 (Nǚ Shǐ, Female Protocol) ψ2 Dra
柱史 (Zhù Shǐ, Official of Royal Archives) 38 Dra 37 Dra
尚書 (Shàng Shū, Royal Secretary) ω Dra 20 Dra
天床 (Tiān Chuáng, Celestial Bed) 9 UMi 11 UMi
大理 (Dà Lǐ, Chief Judge) HIP 60044
陰德 (Yīn Dé, Hidden Virtue) HIP 51808
六甲 (Liù Jiǎ, Six Jia) BN Cam
五帝內座 (Wǔ Dì Nèi Zuò, Interior Seats of Five Emperors) 47 Cas
槓 (Gàng, Canopy Support) HIP 12273
少尉 (Shào Wèi, Second Chief Judge) 6 Dra 4 Dra
上輔 (Shàng Fǔ, First Minister) 2 Dra 3 Dra
少輔 (Shào Fǔ, Second Minister) 27 UMa
上衛 (Shàng Wèi, Right Wall First Imperial Guard) 36 Cam L Cam 42 Cam
少衛 (Shào Wèi, Right Wall Second Imperial Guard) HIP 20266
上丞 (Shàng Chéng, First Prime Minister) BE Cam HIP 17587 H Cam
上衛 (Shàng Wèi, Left Wall First Imperial Guard) β Cep (Alfirk) 11 Cep 78 Dra
少衛 (Shào Wèi, Left Wall Second Imperial Guard) 79 Dra 16 Cep 24 Cep HIP 109434 31 Cep 31 Cep ρ Cep γ Cep (Errai)
內廚 (Nèi Chú, Inner Kitchen) 9 Dra 76 UMa
天樞 (Tiān Shū, Celestial Pivot) 32 UMa 35 UMa 38 UMa
天璇 (Tiān Xuán, Celestial Rotating Jade) 36 UMa 37 UMa 42 UMa 41 UMa 39 UMa 40 UMa 43 UMa 44 UMa
天權 (Tiān Quán, Celestial Balance) 74 UMa 70 UMa 73 UMa
開陽 (Kāi Yáng, Opener of Heat) 80 UMa (Alcor)[8] 82 UMa
輔 (, Assistant) 83 UMa 84 UMa 86 UMa
天槍 (Tiān Qiāng, Celestial Spear) 13 Boo 24 Boo 39 Boo 44 Boo
玄戈 (Xuán Gē, Sombre Lance) 33 Boo 38 Boo
相 (Xiàng, Prime Minister) 1 CVn 3 CVn 11 CVn
天理 (Tiān Lǐ, Judge for Nobility) HIP 56035
太陽守 (Tài Yáng Shǒu, Guard of the Sun) 60 UMa
天牢 (Tiān Láo, Celestial Prison) 59 UMa 55 UMa
勢 (Shì, Eunuch) 35 LMi 38 LMi 32 LMi β LMi 29 LMi 26 LMi 27 LMi 28 LMi 30 LMi 36 LMi 37 LMi 47 LMi 46 UMa 43 LMi 44 LMi 44 LMi 27 LMi 28 LMi 30 LMi
文昌 (Wén Chāng, Administrative Centre) 28 UMa HIP 47965 21 UMa 26 UMa 37 Lyn 39 Lyn 31 UMa Unclear
內階 (Nèi Jiē, Inner Steps) 19 Lyn 18 Lyn 24 Lyn 30 Lyn 29 Lyn Unclear π2 UMa 2 UMa π1 UMa τ UMa
三師 (Sān Shī, Three Top Instructors) σ2 UMa
八穀 (Bā Gǔ, Eight Kinds of Crops) 4 Cam 6 Cam 5 Cam 9 Aur HIP 28385 ξ Aur 29 Cam 28 Cam 24 Cam 18 Cam 16 Cam 15 Cam 12 Cam β Cam 19 Cam 21 Cam 23 Cam 30 Cam 37 Cam 40 Cam 1 Lyn 3 Lyn 8 Lyn 10 Lyn 4 Lyn 2 Lyn 5 Lyn 6 Lyn 14 Lyn 15 Lyn 13 Lyn 11 Lyn 9 Lyn 45 Aur
傳舍 (Chuán Shè, Guest House) 13 Cas HIP 18488 HIP 19968 HIP 19018
天廚 (Tiān Chú, Celestial Kitchen) 55 Dra 65 Dra
天棓 (Tiān Bàng, Celestial Flail) ν1 Dra (Kuma) 30 Dra 88 Her 82 Her ν2 Dra (Kuma) ν1 Dra (Kuma) 74 Her 77 Her μ Dra (Alrakis) 26 Dra

Supreme Palace Enclosure[edit]

The Supreme Palace Enclosure (, Tài Wēi Yuán) represents the imperial court, it corresponds to constellations Canes Venatici, Coma Berenices, Leo, Leo Minor, Lynx, Sextans, Ursa Major and Virgo.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Note
五帝座 (Wǔ Dì Zuò, Thrones of the Five Emperors) β Leo (Denebola) HIP 57646 HIP 57320 95 Leo HIP 57779
太子 (Tài Zǐ, Crown Prince) 93 Leo
從官 (Cóng Guān, Retinue) 92 Leo
幸臣 (Xìng Chén, Officer of Honour) GK Com
五諸侯 (Wǔ Zhū Hóu, Five Feudal Kings) 39 Com GK Com 27 Com Unclear 6 Com
九卿 (Jiǔ Qīng, Nine Ministers) ρ Vir d2 Vir HIP 61579
三公 (Sān Gōng, Three Excellencies) Unclear d1 Vir 35 Vir
內屏 (Nèi Píng, Inner Screen) ξ Vir ν Vir π Vir ο Vir
太微右垣 (Tài Wēi Yòu Yuán, Right Wall) 右執法 (Yòu Zhí Fǎ, Right Law Administrator)
β Vir (Zavijava)
西上將 (Xī Shàng Jiàng, First Western General)
σ Leo
西次將 (Xī Cì Jiàng, Second Western General)
ι Leo
西上相 (Xī Shàng Xiàng, First Western Minister)
θ Leo (Chertan)
西次相 (Xī Cì Xiàng, Second Western Minister)
δ Leo (Zosma)
太微左垣 (Tài Wēi Zuǒ Yuán, Left Wall) 左執法 (Zuǒ Zhí Fǎ, Left Law Administrator)
η Vir (Zaniah)
東上將 (Dōng Shàng Jiàng, First Eastern General)
γ Vir (Porrima)
東次將 (Dōng Cì Jiàng, Second Eastern General)
δ Vir (Minelauva)
東上相 (Dōng Shàng Xiàng, First Eastern Minister)
ε Vir (Vindemiatrix)
東次相 (Dōng Cì Xiàng, Second Eastern Minister)
α Com (Diadem)
郎將 (Láng Jiàng, Captain of the Bodyguards) 31 Com
郎位 (Láng Wèi, Official of the Imperial Guard) γ Com Unclear 14 Com 16 Com 17 Com 13 Com 12 Com 21 Com 18 Com 7 Com 23 Com 26 Com 20 Com 5 Com 2 Com
常陳 (Cháng Chén, Imperial Guards) α CVn (Cor Caroli) 10 CVn 9 CVn β CVn (Chara) 6 CVn 2 CVn 67 UMa
上台 (Shàng Tái, Upper Step) ι UMa (Talitha) κ UMa (Alkaphrah) Part of 三台 (Sān Tái, Three Steps) Asterism
中台 (Zhōng Tái, Middle Step) λ UMa (Tania Borealis) μ UMa (Tania Australis) Part of 三台
下台 (Xià Tái, Lower Step) ν UMa (Alula Borealis) ξ UMa (Alula Australis) Part of 三台
虎賁 (Hǔ Bēn, Emperor's Bodyguard) 72 Leo
少微 (Shào Wēi, Junior Officers) 52 LMi 54 Leo A 41 LMi 51 Leo
长垣 (Cháng Yuán, Long Wall) 46 Leo 52 Leo 53 Leo 48 Leo
靈台 (Líng Tái, Astronomical Observatory) χ Leo 59 Leo 58 Leo
明堂 (Míng Táng, Cosmological Temple) τ Leo υ Leo 87 Leo
謁者 (Yè Zhě, Usher of the Court) 16 Vir

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 Note
五帝座 (Wǔ Dì Zuò, Thrones of the Five Emperors) 90 Leo 85 Leo 88 Leo HIP 57320
五諸侯 (Wǔ Zhū Hóu, Five Feudal Kings) 40 Com 35 Com 38 Com 25 Com 24 Com 11 Com 3 Com
九卿 (Jiǔ Qīng, Nine Ministers) 29 Com 29 Com 28 Com 34 Vir 27 Vir 33 Vir HIP 61579 20 Vir 20 Vir
內屏 (Nèi Píng, Inner Screen) ω Vir 4 Vir 6 Vir 12 Vir 11 Vir 7 Vir
西次相 (Xī Cì Xiàng, Second Western Minister) Unclear 81 Leo 73 Leo
西上相 (Xī Shàng Xiàng, First Western Minister) 60 Leo 86 Leo
左執法 (Zuǒ Zhí Fǎ, Left Law Administrator) 13 Vir
東次相 (Dōng Cì Xiàng, Second Eastern Minister) 37 Vir
東次將 (Dōng Cì Jiàng, Second Eastern General) 41 Vir Unclear 59 Vir
東上將 (Dōng Shàng Jiàng, First Eastern General) 70 Vir 71 Vir HIP 66610 HIP 66640
郎將 (Láng Jiàng, Captain of the Bodyguards) 30 Com HIP 62857
郎位 (Láng Wèi, Official of the Imperial Guard) 10 Com 9 Com 4 Com
常陳 (Cháng Chén, Imperial Guards) 4 CVn 18 CVn 20 CVn 16 CVn 15 CVn 17 CVn HIP 64212
上台 (Shàng Tái, Upper Step) 27 Lyn 26 Lyn 25 Lyn 31 Lyn (Alsciaukat) 35 Lyn 36 Lyn 41 Lyn
中台 (Zhōng Tái, Middle Step) Unclear 19 LMi HIP 50689 HIP 50485
下台 (Xià Tái, Lower Step) 61 UMa 62 UMa
少微 (Shào Wēi, Junior Officers) 39 LMi 40 LMi 58 LMi 50 LMi 51 LMi 67 LMi 64 LMi HIP 53439 54 LMi B
长垣 (Cháng Yuán, Long Wall) 50 Leo 49 Leo 32 Sex 23 Sex 31 Sex 34 Sex 35 Sex 37 Leo 38 Leo
靈台 (Líng Tái, Astronomical Observatory) 56 Leo 36 Sex 55 Leo 57 Leo 61 Leo 66 Leo 62 Leo 65 Leo
明堂 (Míng Táng, Cosmological Temple) 89 Leo 80 Leo 79 Leo 75 Leo 69 Leo φ Leo 87 Leo
謁者 (Yè Zhě, Usher of the Court) 10 Vir 17 Vir

Heavenly Market Enclosure[edit]

The Heavenly Market Enclosure (, Tiān Shì Yuán) represents the emperor's realm, it corresponds to constellations Aquila, Boötes, Corona Borealis, Draco, Hercules, Ophiuchus, Sagitta, Serpens and Vulpecula.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Note
帝座 (Dì Zuò, Emperor's Seat) α Her (Rasalgethi)
候 (Hòu, Astrologer) α Oph (Rasalhague)
宦者 (Huàn Zhě, Eunuch Official) 32 Oph HIP 83478 60 Her 37 Oph
斗 (Dǒu, Dipper [for Liquids]) ω Her (Cujam) 49 Her 13 Her 29 Her 33 Her
斛 (, Dipper [for Solids]) ι Oph κ Oph 47 Her 43 Her
列肆 (Liè Sì, Jewel Market) σ Ser λ Oph (Marfik)
車肆 (Chē Sì, Commodity Market) υ Oph 20 Oph
市樓 (Shì Lóu, Municipal Office) μ Oph ο Ser τ Oph ν Ser HIP 85397 HIP 86768
宗正 (Zōng Zhèng, Official for Royal Clan) β Oph (Cebalrai) γ Oph
宗人 (Zōng Rén, Official for Religious Ceremonies) 66 Oph 67 Oph 68 Oph 70 Oph
宗 (Zōng, Patriarchal Clan) 110 Her 111 Her
帛度 (Bó Dù, Textile Ruler) 95 Her 102 Her
屠肆 (Tú Sì, Butcher's Shops) 109 Her 98 Her
天市右垣 (Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán, Right Wall) 河中 (Hé Zhōng, Hezhong)
β Her (Kornephoros)
河間 (Hé Jiān, Hejian)
γ Her
晉 (Jìn, Jin)
κ Her A (Marsic)
鄭 (Zhèng, Zheng)
γ Ser
周 (Zhōu, Zhou)
β Ser (Chow)
秦 (Qín, Qin)
δ Ser
蜀 (Shǔ, Shu)
α Ser (Unukalhai)
巴 (, Ba)
ε Ser
梁 (Liáng, Liang)
δ Oph (Yed Prior)
楚 (Chǔ, Chu)
ε Oph (Yed Posterior)
韓 (Hán, Han)
ζ Oph (Han)
天市左垣 (Tiān Shì Zuó Yuán, Left Wall) 魏 (Wèi, Wei)
δ Her (Sarin)
趙 (Zhào, Zhao)
λ Her (Maasym)
九河 (Jiǔ Hé, Jiuhe)
μ Her
中山 (Zhōng Shān, Zhongshan)
ο Her
齊 (, Qi)
112 Her
吳越 (Wú Yuè, Wuyue)
ζ Aql (Okab)
徐 (, Xu)
θ Ser (Alya)
東海 (Dōng Hǎi, Donghai)
η Ser
燕 (Yān, Yan)
μ Oph
南海 (Nán Hǎi, Nanhai)
ξ Ser
宋 (Sòng, Song)
η Oph (Sabik)
天紀 (Tiān Jì, Celestial Discipline) ξ CrB ζ Her ε Her 59 Her 61 Her 68 Her HIP 86178 Unclear θ Her
女床 (Nǚ Chuáng, Woman's Bed) π Her 69 Her ρ Her
貫索 (Guàn Suǒ, Coiled Throng) π CrB θ CrB β CrB (Nusakan) α CrB (Alphecca) γ CrB δ CrB ε CrB ι CrB ρ CrB
七公 (Qī Gōng, Seven Excellencies) 42 Her τ Her φ Her χ Her ν1 Boo μ Boo (Alkalurops) δ Boo (Princeps)

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 12 +13 +14 +15 +16 Note
候 (Hòu, Astrologer) Unclear Unclear 54 Oph 56 Oph 53 Oph Unclear
宦者 (Huàn Zhě, Eunuch Official) 54 Oph 54 Oph 49 Her HIP 83504 e Oph
斗 (Dǒu, Dipper [for Liquids]) ω Her (Cujam) 15 Her 46 Her 45 Her 47 Her 12 Her 9 Her Unclear 21 Her 28 Her 28 Her
斛 (, Dipper [for Solids]) 43 Her 41 Her 45 Her 38 Her 36 Her 37 Her Unclear
列肆 (Liè Sì, Jewel Market) 21 Oph 16 Oph 14 Oph 12 Oph
車肆 (Chē Sì, Commodity Market) 23 Oph 30 Oph
市樓 (Shì Lóu, Municipal Office) ν Ser
宗正 (Zōng Zhèng, Official for Royal Clan) 61 Oph σ Oph 41 Oph
宗人 (Zōng Rén, Official for Religious Ceremonies) 72 Oph 71 Oph 73 Oph 74 Oph
帛度 (Bó Dù, Textile Ruler) 96 Her 101 Her 93 Her
屠肆 (Tú Sì, Butcher's Shops) 97 Her 95 Her 106 Her
河間 (Hé Jiān, Hejian) 16 Her
晉 (Jìn, Jin) 5 Her 8 Her q Her 8 Her κ Her B
周 (Zhōu, Zhou) τ1 Ser τ4 Ser τ5 Ser τ6 Ser τ3 Ser τ7 Ser ι Ser κ Ser (Gudja) τ8 Ser Unclear 29 Ser υ Ser 39 Ser χ Ser υ Ser HIP 77412
秦 (Qín, Qin) Unclear 16 Ser
蜀 (Shǔ, Shu) λ Ser 3 Ser HIP 77163
巴 (, Ba) ψ Ser ω Ser HIP 78442 43 Ser 36 Ser
魏 (Wèi, Wei) 51 Her 56 Her 57 Her HIP 83830 62 Her 70 Her 70 Her 73 Her
趙 (Zhào, Zhao) 78 Her 79 Her 84 Her
九河 (Jiǔ Hé, Jiuhe) 87 Her
中山 (Zhōng Shān, Zhongshan) ξ Her μ Her 99 Her 104 Her 108 Her 107 Her 100 Her
齊 (, Qi) 113 Her 1 Sge 1 Vul 2 Vul α Vul (Anser) HIP 95744 HIP 95492 3 Vul HIP 93975 HIP 94382 8 Vul HIP 96081
吳越 (Wú Yuè, Wuyue) ε Aql 10 Aql 11 Aql 18 Aql ω1 Aql 28 Aql 31 Aql
徐 (, Xu) 4 Aql 62 Ser 19 Aql 64 Ser
東海 (Dōng Hǎi, Donghai) ζ Ser 59 Ser 61 Ser 60 Ser
宋 (Sòng, Song) V841 Oph 29 Oph
天紀 (Tiān Jì, Celestial Discipline) η Her 25 Her ν2 CrB 23 Her 26 Her 32 Her 39 Her 46 Her 50 Her 58 Her 43 Her Unclear 72 Her 90 Her HIP 85181
貫索 (Guàn Suǒ, Coiled Throng) χ Boo ο CrB η CrB κ CrB λ CrB τ CrB σ CrB υ CrB ρ CrB 19 Her 17 Her 10 Her π Ser ρ Ser
七公 (Qī Gōng, Seven Excellencies) 17 Dra 16 Dra 34 Her υ Her β Boo (Nekkar) 40 Boo ζ CrB μ CrB ν2 Boo φ Boo 4 Her 2 Her 14 Her 30 Her σ Her 52 Her

Azure Dragon[edit]

Horn[edit]

The Horn mansion represents the Dragon's horns, it corresponds to constellations Centaurus, Circinus, Coma Berenices, Hydra, Lupus and Virgo.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Note
角宿 (Jiǎo Xiù, Horn Mansion) α Vir (Spica) ζ Vir (Heze)
平道 (Píng Dào, Flat Road) θ Vir 82 Vir
天田 (Tiān Tián, Celestial Farmland) 78 Vir τ Vir
周鼎 (Zhōu Dǐng, Tripod of the Zhou) β Com 37 Com 41 Com
進賢 (Jìn Xián, Recommending Virtuous Man) 44 Vir
天門 (Tiān Mén, Celestial Gate) 53 Vir 69 Vir
平 (Píng, Judging) γ Hya π Hya
庫樓 (Kù Lóu, Arsenal) ζ Cen η Cen θ Cen (Menkent) 2 Cen d Cen f Cen γ Cen τ Cen D Cen θ Cen (Menkent)
柱 (Zhù, Pillars) υ2 Cen υ1 Cen ι Lup τ1 Lup a Cen ψ Cen 4 Cen 3 Cen 1 Cen π Cen ι Cen
衡 (Héng, Railings) ν Cen μ Cen φ Cen χ Cen
南門 (Nán Mén, Southern Gate) ε Cen α Cen (Rigil)

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 Note
角宿 (Jiǎo Xiù, Horn Mansion) 65 Vir 72 Vir 74 Vir 80 Vir 81 Vir 88 Vir 86 Vir 76 Vir 68 Vir 62 Vir 58 Vir 56 Vir 56 Vir 50 Vir 49 Vir 66 Vir
天田 (Tiān Tián, Celestial Farmland) σ Vir 64 Vir 84 Vir 92 Vir 92 Vir 90 Vir τ Vir
進賢 (Jìn Xián, Recommending Virtuous Man) 38 Vir 44 Vir 46 Vir 48 Vir ψ Vir 39 Vir 28 Vir χ Vir 25 Vir
天門 (Tiān Mén, Celestial Gate) 57 Vir 55 Vir 54 Vir 61 Vir 63 Vir 75 Vir 83 Vir 85 Vir 89 Vir 87 Vir 73 Vir
平 (Píng, Judging) 45 Hya 47 Hya 48 Hya 47 Hya
庫樓 (Kù Lóu, Arsenal) ω Cen
南門 (Nán Mén, Southern Gate) R Cen α Cir

Neck[edit]

The Neck mansion represents the Dragon's neck, it corresponds to constellations Boötes, Centaurus, Hydra, Libra, Lupus and Virgo.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Note
亢宿 (Kàng Xiù, Neck Mansion) κ Vir (Kang) ι Vir (Syrma) φ Vir (Elgafar) λ Vir (Khambalia)
大角 (Dà Jiǎo, Great Horn) α Boo (Arcturus)
右攝提 (Yòu Shè Tí, Right Conductor) η Boo (Muphrid) τ Boo υ Boo
左攝提 (Zuǒ Shè Tí, Left Conductor) ο Boo π1 Boo ζ Boo
折威 (Zhé Wēi, Executions) 50 Hya Unclear 3 Lib 4 Lib 4 Lib 12 Lib σ Lib (Brachium)
頓頑 (Dùn Wán, Trials) φ1 Lup 1 Lup
陽門 (Yáng Mén, Gate of Yang) b Cen c1 Cen

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 Note
亢宿 (Kàng Xiù, Neck Mansion) 94 Vir 95 Vir 96 Vir 97 Vir 106 Vir 104 Vir μ Vir 11 Lib 108 Vir 109 Vir 103 Vir υ Vir
大角 (Dà Jiǎo, Great Horn) 22 Boo CN Boo
右攝提 (Yòu Shè Tí, Right Conductor) 6 Boo 2 Boo 1 Boo HIP 66992 τ Boo 7 Boo
左攝提 (Zuǒ Shè Tí, Left Conductor) ξ Boo 32 Boo 31 Boo DE Boo
折威 (Zhé Wēi, Executions) 50 Hya 51 Hya 54 Hya 55 Hya 56 Hya HIP 73189 57 Hya
頓頑 (Dùn Wán, Trials) φ2 Lup

Root[edit]

The Root mansion represents the Dragon's chest, it corresponds to constellations Boötes, Centaurus, Hydra, Libra, Lupus, Serpens and Virgo.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Note
氐宿 (Dī Xiù, Root Mansion) α2 Lib (Zubenelgenubi) ι1 Lib γ Lib (Zubenelhakrabi) β Lib (Zubeneschamali)
亢池 (Kàng Chí, Boats and Lake) 20 Boo HIP 69260 14 Boo 18 Boo
帝席 (Dì Xí, Seat of the Emperor) 12 Boo 11 Boo 9 Boo
梗河 (Gěng Hé, Celestial Lance)[note 2] ε Boo (Izar) σ Boo ρ Boo
招搖 (Zhāo Yáo, Twinkling Indicator) γ Boo (Seginus)
天乳 (Tiān Rǔ, Celestial Milk) μ Ser
天輻 (Tiān Fú, Celestial Spokes) υ Lib τ Lib
陣車 (Zhèn Chē, Battle Chariots) E Hya 60 Hya f Lup
騎官 (Qí Guān, Imperial Guards) γ Lup δ Lup κ Cen β Lup λ Lup ε Lup μ Lup π Lup ο Lup α Lup
車騎 (Chē Qí, Chariots and Cavalry) ζ Lup ρ Lup σ Lup
騎陣將軍 (Qí Zhèn Jiāng Jūn, Chariot and Cavalry General) κ Lup

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 +24 +25 +26 +27 +28 +29 +30 Note
氐宿 (Dī Xiù, Root Mansion) δ Lib (Zuben Elakribi) 18 Lib ξ2 Lib ξ1 Lib μ Lib 5 Lib α1 Lib 10 Lib 22 Lib ν Lib 25 Lib 26 Lib 28 Lib ζ Lib 34 Lib 32 Lib ο Lib 30 Lib 37 Lib ε Lib A1 Ser 14 Ser 10 Ser 5 Ser 6 Ser 4 Ser ξ1 Vir 2 Ser 16 Lib 17 Lib
帝席 (Dì Xí, Seat of the Emperor) 3 Boo
梗河 (Gěng Hé, Celestial Lance) ψ Boo 46 Boo 45 Boo ω Boo W Boo
天乳 (Tiān Rǔ, Celestial Milk) A2 Ser 36 Ser 30 Ser 30 Ser
天輻 (Tiān Fú, Celestial Spokes) 36 Lib
陣車 (Zhèn Chē, Battle Chariots) E Hya 59 Hya

Room[edit]

The Room mansion represents the Dragon's abdomen, it corresponds to constellations Libra, Lupus, Ophiuchus and Scorpius.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 Note
房宿 (Fáng Xiù, Room Mansion) π Sco (Fang) ρ Sco (Iklil) δ Sco (Dschubba) β Sco (Acrab)
鈎鈐 (Gōu Yín, Lock) ω1 Sco ω2 Sco
鍵閉 (Jiàn Bì, Door Bolt) ν Sco (Jabbah)
罰 (, Punishment) 18 Sco 11 Sco 49 Lib
西咸 (Xī Xián, Western Door) ξ Sco 48 Lib θ Lib η Lib
東咸 (Dōng Xián, Eastern Door) φ Oph χ Oph ψ Oph ω Oph
日 (, Sun) κ Lib
從官 (Cóng Guān, Retinue) ψ2 Lup κ Lup

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 Note
房宿 (Fáng Xiù, Room Mansion) λ Lib λ Lib 42 Lib 1 Sco 2 Sco 4 Sco
罰 (, Punishment) 16 Sco ψ Sco χ Lib
西咸 (Xī Xián, Western Door) 50 Lib Unclear
東咸 (Dōng Xián, Eastern Door) 24 Sco ω Oph
日 (, Sun) 41 Lib
從官 (Cóng Guān, Retinue) ψ1 Lup

Heart[edit]

The Heart mansion represents the Dragon's heart, it corresponds to constellations Lupus, Ophiuchus and Scorpius.

Asterism 1 2 3 Note
心宿 (Xīn Xiù, Heart Mansion) σ Sco (Alniyat) α Sco (Antares) τ Sco (Paikauhale)
積卒 (Jī Zú, Group of Soldiers) θ Lup η Lup

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 Note
心宿 (Xīn Xiù, Heart Mansion) 12 Sco 13 Sco ο Sco ρ Oph 22 Sco 15 Oph 18 Oph 25 Sco ρ Oph
積卒 (Jī Zú, Group of Soldiers) η Lup HIP 18970

Tail[edit]

The Tail mansion represents the Dragon's tail, it corresponds to constellations Ara, Ophiuchus and Scorpius.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note
尾宿 (Wěi Xiù, Tail Mansion) μ1 Sco (Xamidimura) ε Sco (Larawag) ζ Sco η Sco θ Sco (Sargas) ι1 Sco κ Sco (Girtab) λ Sco (Shaula) υ Sco (Lesath)
神宮 (Shén Gōng, Changing Room) NGC 6231
天江 (Tiān Jiāng, Celestial River) HIP 84314 A Oph θ Oph b Oph
傅說 (Fù Yuè, Fu Yue) G Sco (Fuyue)
魚 (, Fish) M7
龜 (Guī, Tortoise) ε1 Ara γ Ara δ Ara η Ara ζ Ara (Tseen Yin)

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 Note
尾宿 (Wěi Xiù, Tail Mansion) 27 Sco μ2 Sco (Pipirima) 16 Sco HIP 87472
天江 (Tiān Jiāng, Celestial River) 43 Oph 38 Oph 36 Oph C HIP 84947 191 Oph ο Oph ξ Oph HIP 83684 26 Oph 28 Oph 31 Oph C

Winnowing Basket[edit]

The Winnowing Basket mansion is the last of the Azure Dragon mansions, it corresponds to constellations Ara, Ophiuchus and Sagittarius.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 Note
箕宿 (Jī Xiù, Winnowing Basket Mansion) γ Sgr (Alnasl) δ Sgr (Kaus Media) ε Sgr (Kaus Australis) η Sgr
糠 (Kāng, Chaff) d Oph
杵 (Chǔ, Pestle) σ Ara α Ara (Choo) β Ara

Added Stars

Asterism +1 Note
糠 (Kāng, Chaff) HIP 85442
杵 (Chǔ, Pestle) θ Ara

Black Turtle[edit]

Dipper[edit]

The Dipper mansion is the first of the Black Turtle mansions, it corresponds to constellations Aquila, Corona Australis, Ophiuchus, Sagittarius, Scutum and Telescopium.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Note
斗宿 (Dǒu Xiù, Dipper Mansion) φ Sgr λ Sgr (Kaus Borealis) μ Sgr (Polis) σ Sgr (Nunki) τ Sgr ζ Sgr (Ascella)
天龠 (Tiān Yuè, Celestial Keyhole) 63 Oph HIP 87099 58 Oph HIP 86352 52 Oph 51 Oph HIP 85783 X Sgr
天弁 (Tiān Biàn, Market Officer) α Scu δ Scu ε Scu β Scu η Scu i Aql λ Aql h Aql g Aql
建 (Jiàn, Establishment) ξ2 Sgr ο Sgr π Sgr (Albaldah) d Sgr ρ1 Sgr υ Sgr
天雞 (Tiān Jī, Celestial Cock) e2 Sgr f Sgr
狗 (Gǒu, Dog) h2 Sgr χ1 Sgr
狗國 (Gǒu Guó, Territory of Dogs) ω Sgr (Terebellum) A Sgr c Sgr b Sgr
天淵 (Tiān Yuān, Celestial Spring) β2 Sgr β1 Sgr α Sgr
農丈人 (Nóng Zhàng Rén, Old Peasant) HIP 91918
鱉 (Biē, River Turtle) α Tel η1 CrA ζ CrA δ CrA β CrA α CrA (Meridiana) γ CrA ε CrA V686 CrA κ2 CrA θ CrA

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 Note
斗宿 (Dǒu Xiù, Dipper Mansion) 6 Sgr 15 Sgr 21 Sgr 26 Sgr 15 Sgr
天龠 (Tiān Yuè, Celestial Keyhole) 50 Oph 4 Sgr 5 Sgr 7 Sgr
天弁 (Tiān Biàn, Market Officer) 5 Aql 7 Aql 8 Aql 20 Aql 26 Aql HIP 92488
建 (Jiàn, Establishment) 29 Sgr ξ1 Sgr 33 Sgr 31 Sgr 30 Sgr ν1 Sgr (Ainalrami) ν2 Sgr ρ Sgr HIP 94823 HIP 94859
天雞 (Tiān Jī, Celestial Cock) e1 Sgr 57 Sgr g Sgr
狗 (Gǒu, Dog) h1 Sgr 53 Sgr 50 Sgr χ3 Sgr χ2 Sgr ψ Sgr χ3 Sgr
狗國 (Gǒu Guó, Territory of Dogs) HIP 98842 θ2 Sgr HIP 99461
天淵 (Tiān Yuān, Celestial Spring) ι Sgr θ1 Sgr HIP 98761

Ox[edit]

The Ox mansion corresponds to constellations Aquila, Capricornus, Cygnus, Delphinus, Lyra, Microscopium, Sagitta, Sagittarius and Vulpecula, its name derives from the Cowherd Star.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note
牛宿 (Niú Xiù, Ox Mansion) β Cap (Dabih) α2 Cap (Algedi) ξ2 Cap π Cap ο Cap ρ Cap
天桴 (Tiān Fú, Celestial Drumstick) θ Aql (Tseen Foo) 62 Aql 58 Aql η Aql
河鼓 (Hé Gǔ, Drum at the River) β Aql (Alshain) α Aql (Altair) γ Aql (Tarazed) Also translated as "Drum-Bearer".[9]
右旗 (Yòu Qí, Right Flag) μ Aql σ Aql δ Aql ν Aql ι Aql HIP 96392 42 Aql κ Aql 56 Aql
左旗 (Zuǒ Qí, Left Flag) α Sge (Sham) β Sge δ Sge ζ Sge γ Sge VZ Sge 11 Sge 14 Sge ρ Aql (Tso Ke)
織女 (Zhī Nǚ, Weaving Girl) α Lyr (Vega) ε1 Lyr ζ1 Lyr
漸臺 (Jiàn Tái, Clepsydra Terrace) δ2 Lyr β Lyr (Sheliak) γ Lyr (Sulafat) ι Lyr
輦道 (Niǎn Dào, Imperial Passageway) 13 Lyr η Lyr (Aladfar) θ Lyr 4 Cyg 17 Cyg
羅堰 (Luó Yàn, Networks of Dikes) τ Cap υ Cap 17 Cap
天田 (Tiān Tián, Celestial Farmland) HIP 104750 ω Cap 24 Cap ψ Cap
九坎 (Jiǔ Kǎn, Nine Water Wells) θ1 Mic η Mic ι Mic ζ Mic Unclear Unclear Unclear Unclear Unclear

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 +24 +25 +26 +27 +28 +29 +30 Note
牛宿 (Niú Xiù, Ox Mansion) 63 Sgr 65 Sgr 64 Sgr ξ1 Cap 3 Cap α1 Cap ν Cap (Alshat) σ Cap 4 Cap HIP 99825 ν Cap (Alshat) β2 Cap π Cap HIP 101040
天桴 (Tiān Fú, Celestial Drumstick) 64 Aql 66 Aql
河鼓 (Hé Gǔ, Drum at the River) ψ Aql 46 Aql χ Aql π Aql ο Aql φ Aql τ Aql ξ Aql (Libertas) υ Aql
右旗 (Yòu Qí, Right Flag) 22 Aql 27 Aql 21 Aql 35 Aql 45 Aql ι Aql 36 Aql 36 Aql Unclear 37 Aql 51 Aql 57 Aql
左旗 (Zuǒ Qí, Left Flag) ε Sge 3 Sge 2 Sge 4 Vul 5 Vul 7 Vul 9 Vul 10 Vul CK Vul 15 Vul 21 Vul 23 Vul 18 Vul 19 Vul 20 Vul 16 Vul 13 Vul 12 Vul 14 Vul 17 Vul 24 Vul 25 Vul 22 Vul 18 Sge θ Sge η Sge 15 Sge 10 Sge 9 Sge HIP 98609
織女 (Zhī Nǚ, Weaving Girl) ζ2 Lyr ε2 Lyr υ Lyr κ Lyr
漸臺 (Jiàn Tái, Clepsydra Terrace) δ1 Lyr Unclear 17 Lyr λ Lyr ν2 Lyr ν1 Lyr HIP 94484
輦道 (Niǎn Dào, Imperial Passageway) 16 Lyr η Lyr (Aladfar) 11 Cyg 15 Cyg η Cyg φ Cyg β Cyg (Albireo) 2 Cyg 8 Cyg
羅堰 (Luó Yàn, Networks of Dikes) 13 Cap

Girl[edit]

The Girl mansion corresponds to constellations Aquarius, Aquila, Capricornus, Cygnus, Draco and Delphinus.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note
女宿 (Nǚ Xiù, Girl Mansion) ε Aqr (Albali) μ Aqr 4 Aqr 3 Aqr
離珠 (Lí Zhū, Pearls on Ladies' Wear) 70 Aql l Aql 1 Aqr 69 Aql
敗瓜 (Bài Guā, Rotten Gourd) ε Del (Aldulfin) η Del θ Del ι Del κ Del
瓠瓜 (Hù Guā, Gourd) α Del (Sualocin) γ Del δ Del β Del (Rotanev) ζ Del
天津 (Tiān Jīn, Celestial Ford) γ Cyg (Sadr) δ Cyg (Fawaris) 30 Cyg α Cyg ν Cyg τ Cyg υ Cyg ζ Cyg ε Cyg (Aljanah)
奚仲 (Xī Zhòng, Xi Zhong) κ2 Cyg ι2 Cyg θ Cyg c Cyg
扶筐 (Fú Kuāng, Basket for Mulberry Leaves) 46 Dra 45 Dra 49 Dra ο Dra 48 Dra 49 Dra 51 Dra
周 (Zhōu, Zhou) η Cap 21 Cap Part of 十二國 (Shí Èr Guó, Twelve Countries) Asterism.
秦 (Qín, Qin) θ Cap 30 Cap Part of 十二國.
代 (Dài, Dai) ι Cap 38 Cap Part of 十二國.
趙 (Zhào, Zhao) 26 Cap 27 Cap Part of 十二國.
越 (Yuè, Yue) 19 Cap Part of 十二國.
齊 (, Qi) χ Cap Part of 十二國.
楚 (Chǔ, Chu) φ Cap Part of 十二國.
鄭 (Zhèng, Zheng) 20 Cap Part of 十二國.
魏 (Wèi, Wei) 33 Cap Part of 十二國.
韓 (Hán, Han) 35 Cap Part of 十二國.
晉 (Jìn, Jin) 36 Cap Part of 十二國.
燕 (Yān, Yan) ζ Cap Part of 十二國.

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 +24 +25 +26 +27 +28 +29 +30 +31 +32 +33 +34 +35 +36 +37 +38 +39 +40 Note
女宿 (Nǚ Xiù, Girl Mansion) 5 Aqr 11 Aqr 10 Aqr 12 Aqr 7 Aqr
離珠 (Lí Zhū, Pearls on Ladies' Wear) 68 Aql
敗瓜 (Bài Guā, Rotten Gourd) 1 Del 14 Del 13 Del
瓠瓜 (Hù Guā, Gourd) 10 Del 15 Del 16 Del 17 Del 29 Vul HIP 101909 γ1 Del 17 Del
天津 (Tiān Jīn, Celestial Ford) 14 Cyg 19 Cyg 22 Cyg 25 Cyg 27 Cyg 28 Cyg 29 Cyg 36 Cyg p Cyg 40 Cyg 44 Cyg 42 Cyg 47 Cyg 35 Cyg 39 Cyg 41 Cyg 48 Cyg 49 Cyg 52 Cyg 27 Cyg 26 Cyg 28 Cyg 30 Cyg 31 Cyg 32 Cyg 69 Cyg 70 Cyg σ Cyg 61 Cyg λ Cyg 56 Cyg 57 Cyg 55 Cyg ω2 Cyg ω1 Cyg 43 Cyg ο2 Cyg ο1 Cyg T Cyg T Cyg
奚仲 (Xī Zhòng, Xi Zhong) 7 Cyg 20 Cyg 26 Cyg 33 Cyg HIP 98073 23 Cyg 31 Cyg
扶筐 (Fú Kuāng, Basket for Mulberry Leaves) 36 Dra 42 Dra (Fafnir) 54 Dra 53 Dra
代 (Dài, Dai) 37 Cap 41 Cap

Ruins[edit]

The Ruins[10] mansion (also translated as Emptiness) corresponds to constellations Aquarius, Capricornus, Delphinus, Equuleus, Grus, Microscopium, Pegasus and Piscis Austrinus.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Note
虛宿 (Xū Xiù, Ruins Mansion) β Aqr (Sadalsuud) α Equ (Kitalpha)
司命 (Sī Mìng, Judge of Life) 24 Aqr 26 Aqr
司祿 (Sī Lù, Judge of Rank) 11 Peg 25 Aqr
司危 (Sī Wēi, Judge of Disaster and Good Fortune) β Equ 9 Equ
司非 (Sī Fēi, Judge of Right and Wrong) γ Equ δ Equ
哭 (, Crying) μ Cap 38 Aqr
泣 (, Weeping) ρ Aqr θ Aqr (Ancha)
璃瑜 (Lí Yú, Jade Ornament on Ladies' Wear) Unclear ε Mic 5 PsA
天壘城 (Tiān Lěi Chéng, Celestial Ramparts) ξ Aqr (Bunda) 46 Cap 47 Cap λ Cap 50 Cap 18 Aqr 29 Cap 9 Aqr 8 Aqr ν Aqr 14 Aqr 17 Aqr 19 Aqr
敗臼 (Bài Jiù, Decayed Mortar) γ Gru (Aldhanab) λ Gru γ PsA 19 PsA

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 Note
虛宿 (Xū Xiù, Ruins Mansion) λ Equ 4 Equ 3 Equ ε Equ 15 Aqr 16 Aqr 21 Aqr 20 Aqr
司非 (Sī Fēi, Judge of Right and Wrong) 6 Equ δ Del 6 Equ
哭 (, Crying) 42 Cap 44 Cap 45 Cap 37 Cap
泣 (, Weeping) 30 Aqr 36 Aqr
璃瑜 (Lí Yú, Jade Ornament on Ladies' Wear) γ Mic HIP 104174 6 PsA
天壘城 (Tiān Lěi Chéng, Celestial Ramparts) Unclear ν Aqr
敗臼 (Bài Jiù, Decayed Mortar) β PsA

Rooftop[edit]

The Rooftop mansion corresponds to constellations Andromeda, Aquarius, Cepheus, Cygnus, Draco, Lacerta, Pegasus, Piscis Austrinus and Vulpecula.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note
危宿 (Wēi Xiù, Rooftop Mansion) α Aqr (Sadalmelik) θ Peg (Biham) ε Peg (Enif)
墳墓 (Fén Mù, Tomb) ζ Aqr γ Aqr (Sadachbia) η Aqr π Aqr
蓋屋 (Gài Wū, Roofing) ο Aqr 32 Aqr
虛梁 (Xū Liáng, Temple) 44 Aqr 51 Aqr κ Aqr (Situla) HIP 113345
天錢 (Tiān Qián, Celestial Money) 13 PsA θ PsA ι PsA μ PsA τ PsA
人 (Rén, Humans) 2 Peg 1 Peg 12 Peg 9 Peg
杵 (Chǔ, Pestle) 1 Lac π2 Peg 23 Peg
臼 (Jiù, Mortar) μ1 Cyg κ Peg ι Peg 32 Peg
車府 (Chē Fǔ, Yard for Chariots) 15 Lac 11 Lac 2 Lac ρ Cyg f1 Cyg ξ Cyg 74 Cyg
造父 (Zào Fù, Zao Fu) δ Cep ζ Cep λ Cep μ Cep (Garnet Star) ν Cep
天鈎 (Tiān Gōu, Celestial Hook) 4 Cep HIP 99731 θ Cep η Cep α Cep (Alderamin) ξ Cep (Kurhah) 26 Cep ι Cep ο Cep

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 Note
危宿 (Wēi Xiù, Rooftop Mansion) 3 Aqr 4 Peg 7 Peg 28 Aqr 30 Peg ν Peg 18 Peg 19 Peg 21 Peg 20 Peg 17 Peg HIP 108127 17 Peg HIP 108766
墳墓 (Fén Mù, Tomb) 34 Aqr 35 Peg 37 Peg 60 Aqr
天錢 (Tiān Qián, Celestial Money) η PsA 11 PsA 8 PsA 7 PsA
人 (Rén, Humans) 2 Vul Unclear 5 Peg 13 Peg
杵 (Chǔ, Pestle) π1 Peg 38 Peg
臼 (Jiù, Mortar) 14 Peg 15 Peg 16 Peg 25 Peg 28 Peg HIP 109276 Unclear Unclear
車府 (Chē Fǔ, Yard for Chariots) 51 Cyg 60 Cyg f2 Cyg g Aqr 75 Cyg 77 Cyg 76 Cyg 72 Cyg 6 Lac 8 Lac 10 Lac 12 Lac 13 Lac 14 Lac 16 Lac ο And 2 And 6 And 5 Lac ο And
造父 (Zào Fù, Zao Fu) 14 Cep HIP 109190 15 Cep 12 Cep ν Cep
天鈎 (Tiān Gōu, Celestial Hook) 66 Dra 68 Dra 71 Dra 71 Dra 6 Cep 6 Cep 7 Cep 7 Cep 9 Cep 9 Cep 19 Cep 19 Cep 20 Cep 25 Cep 30 Cep 30 Cep 20 Cep 19 Cep

Encampment[edit]

The Encampment mansion corresponds to constellations Andromeda, Aquarius, Capricornus, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cygnus, Lacerta, Pegasus, Pisces and Piscis Austrinus.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Note
室宿 (Shì Xiù, Encampment Mansion) α Peg (Markab) β Peg (Scheat)
離宮 (Lí Gōng, Resting Palace) λ Peg μ Peg (Sadalbari) ο Peg ι Peg τ Peg (Salm) υ Peg (Alkarab)
螣蛇 (Tè Shé, Flying Serpent) α Lac 4 Lac π2 Cyg π1 Cyg (Azelfafage) Unclear Unclear HIP 106886 13 Cep ε Cep β Lac σ Cas ρ Cas τ Cas AR Cas 9 Lac 3 And 7 And 8 And λ And ψ And κ And ι And
雷電 (Léi Diàn, Thunder and Lightning) ζ Peg (Homam) ξ Peg σ Peg 55 Peg 66 Peg 70 Peg
土公吏 (Tǔ Gōng Lì, Clerk for Earthworks) 31 Peg 36 Peg
壘壁陣 (Lěi Bì Zhèn, Line of Ramparts) κ Cap ε Cap γ Cap (Nashira) δ Cap (Deneb Algedi) ι Aqr θ Aqr λ Aqr φ Aqr 27 Psc 29 Psc 33 Psc 30 Psc
羽林軍 (Yǔ Lín Jūn, Palace Guard) 29 Aqr 35 Aqr 41 Aqr 47 Aqr 49 Aqr λ PsA HIP 110641 ε PsA 21 PsA 20 PsA υ Aqr 68 Aqr 66 Aqr 51 Aqr 53 Aqr 56 Aqr 50 Aqr 45 Aqr 58 Aqr 64 Aqr 65 Aqr 70 Aqr 74 Aqr τ2 Aqr τ1 Aqr δ Aqr (Skat) 77 Aqr 78 Aqr 89 Aqr 86 Aqr 101 Aqr 100 Aqr 99 Aqr 98 Aqr 97 Aqr 94 Aqr ψ3 Aqr ψ2 Aqr ψ1 Aqr 87 Aqr 85 Aqr 83 Aqr χ Aqr ω1 Aqr ω2 Aqr
天綱 (Tiān Gāng, Celestial Headrope) δ PsA
北落師門 (Běi Luò Shī Mén, North Gate of the Military Camp) α PsA (Fomalhaut)
鈇鉞 (Fū Yuè, Axe) 103 Aqr 106 Aqr 108 Aqr
八魁 (Bā Kuí, Net [for Catching Birds]) 6 Cet 2 Cet 1 Cet 8 Cet 9 Cet 7 Cet

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 Note
室宿 (Shì Xiù, Encampment Mansion) 51 Peg (Helvetios) 56 Peg 60 Peg 61 Peg 63 Peg 64 Peg 67 Peg
離宮 (Lí Gōng, Resting Palace) 33 Peg 39 Peg 40 Peg 41 Peg 45 Peg 65 Peg 71 Peg 69 Peg
螣蛇 (Tè Shé, Flying Serpent) HIP 102431 5 And 11 And 4 And 13 And 10 And 9 And 12 And 14 And (Veritate) 15 And 22 And 18 And 1 Cas 4 Cas 2 Cas 2 Cas HIP 115171 V1022 Cas 22 And
雷電 (Léi Diàn, Thunder and Lightning) 52 Peg ρ Peg 57 Peg 59 Peg 58 Peg 66 Peg 75 Peg 76 Peg
壘壁陣 (Lěi Bì Zhèn, Line of Ramparts) 54 Aqr 67 Aqr 78 Aqr 20 Psc 24 Psc 4 Cet 5 Cet HIP 106768
鈇鉞 (Fū Yuè, Axe) 104 Aqr 107 Aqr 104 Aqr

Wall[edit]

The Wall mansion corresponds to constellations Andromeda, Cetus, Pegasus and Pisces.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 Note
壁宿 (Bì Xiù, Wall Mansion) γ Peg (Algenib) α And (Alpheratz)
天廄 (Tiān Jiù, Celestial Stable) θ And ρ And σ And
土公 (Tǔ Gōng, Official for Earthworks) 32 Psc 45 Psc
霹靂 (Pī Lì, Thunderbolt) β Psc (Fumalsamakah) γ Psc θ Psc ι Psc ω Psc
雲雨 (Yún Yǔ, Cloud and Rain) κ Psc 12 Psc 21 Psc λ Psc
鈇鑕 (Fū Zhì, Sickle) 48 Cet Unclear Unclear υ Cet 56 Cet

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 Note
壁宿 (Bì Xiù, Wall Mansion) 73 Peg 72 Peg 78 Peg 79 Peg 85 Peg ψ Peg 83 Peg HIP 117710 φ Peg 86 Peg 37 Psc 42 Psc 43 Psc 49 Psc 48 Psc 40 Psc 39 Psc 87 Peg χ Peg 47 Psc 46 Psc 52 Psc 52 Psc
天廄 (Tiān Jiù, Celestial Stable) 23 And
土公 (Tǔ Gōng, Official for Earthworks) 31 Psc 34 Psc 35 Psc 36 Psc 41 Psc 51 Psc 44 Psc 10 Cet 11 Cet 14 Cet 15 Cet
霹靂 (Pī Lì, Thunderbolt) 3 Psc 2 Psc 5 Psc 7 Psc 77 Peg 82 Peg 80 Peg 26 Psc Unclear
雲雨 (Yún Yǔ, Cloud and Rain) 11 Psc 14 Psc 13 Psc 9 Psc 15 Psc 16 Psc 19 Psc 22 Psc 25 Psc 21 Psc

White Tiger[edit]

Legs[edit]

The Legs mansion represents the tail of White Tiger, it corresponds to constellations Andromeda, Cassiopeia, Cetus, Pisces and Triangulum.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Note
奎宿 (Kuí Xiù, Legs Mansion) η And ζ And 65 Psc ε And δ And π And ν And μ And β And (Mirach) σ Psc τ Psc 91 Psc υ Psc τ Psc χ Psc ψ1 Psc
王良 (Wáng Liáng, Wang Liang) β Cas (Caph) κ Cas η Cas (Achird) α Cas (Schedar) λ Cas
策 (, Whip) γ Cas
附路 (Fù Lù, Auxiliary Road) ζ Cas (Fulu)
軍南門 (Jūn Nán Mén, Southern Military Gate) φ And
閣道 (Gé Dào, Flying Corridor) ι Cas ε Cas (Segin) δ Cas (Ruchbah) μ Cas ν Cas ο Cas
外屏 (Wài Píng, Outer Screen) δ Psc ε Psc ζ Psc (Revati) μ Psc ν Psc ξ Psc α Psc (Alrescha)
天溷 (Tiān Hùn, Celestial Pigsty) 21 Cet φ3 Cet 18 Cet φ1 Cet
土司空 (Tǔ Sī Kōng, Master of Constructions) β Cet (Diphda)

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 Note
奎宿 (Kuí Xiù, Legs Mansion) 28 And 55 Psc 54 Psc 59 Psc 64 Psc 66 Psc ψ3 Psc ψ2 Psc 36 And 67 Psc 68 Psc 1 Tri 82 Psc 78 Psc σ Psc 45 And 47 And 44 And 41 And 39 And M31 (Andromeda Galaxy) 32 And υ Psc
王良 (Wáng Liáng, Wang Liang) 6 Cas 10 Cas 9 Cas 12 Cas υ2 Cas (Castula) HIP 116687 HIP 116962 HIP 117472 HIP 43 HIP 124 HIP 1354 HIP 1982 HIP 2854 HIP 4151
閣道 (Gé Dào, Flying Corridor) π Cas ξ Cas φ Cas χ Cas 44 Cas
外屏 (Wài Píng, Outer Screen) 72 Psc 75 Psc 88 Psc 80 Psc 77 Psc 73 Psc 70 Psc 62 Psc 60 Psc 26 Cet 29 Cet 33 Cet 35 Cet 89 Psc 112 Psc
天溷 (Tiān Hùn, Celestial Pigsty) 12 Cet 13 Cet 20 Cet 25 Cet φ4 Cet φ2 Cet

Bond[edit]

The Bond mansion represents the body of White Tiger, it corresponds to constellations Andromeda, Aries, Cetus, Fornax, Perseus, Pisces and Triangulum.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Note
婁宿 (Lóu Xiù, Bond Mansion) β Ari (Sheratan) γ Ari (Mesarthim) α Ari (Hamal)
天大將軍 (Tiān Dà Jiāng Jūn, Great General of the Heaven) γ And (Almach) φ Per 51 And (Nembus) 49 And χ And υ And (Titawin) τ And 56 And β Tri γ Tri δ Tri
右更 (Yòu Gēng, Official in Charge of Pasturing) ρ Psc η Psc (Alpherg) π Psc ο Psc (Torcular) 104 Psc
左更 (Zuó Gēng, Official in Charge of Forest) ν Ari μ Ari ο Ari σ Ari π Ari
天倉 (Tiān Cāng, Square Celestial Granary) ι Cet η Cet θ Cet ζ Cet (Baten Kaitos) τ Cet 57 Cet
天庾 (Tiān Yǔ, Ricks of Grain) ν For ω For β For [11]

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 Note
婁宿 (Lóu Xiù, Bond Mansion) ι Ari VY Psc 107 Psc Unclear λ Ari α Tri (Mothallah) 10 Ari 11 Ari 14 Ari 20 Ari κ Ari η Ari θ Ari 15 Ari 19 Ari
天大將軍 (Tiān Dà Jiāng Jūn, Great General of the Heaven) ξ And (Adhil) ξ And (Adhil) ω And τ And ε Τri ι Τri 7 Τri 14 Τri 58 And 59 And 55 And 60 And 62 And HIP 10830 3 Per 2 Per 14 Per
右更 (Yòu Gēng, Official in Charge of Pasturing) 94 Psc 101 Psc HIP 8588 100 Psc HIP 6451
左更 (Zuó Gēng, Official in Charge of Forest) 26 Ari 40 Ari 44 Ari ρ3 Ari 45 Ari 47 Ari ε Ari HIP 13448
天倉 (Tiān Cāng, Square Celestial Granary) 43 Cet 42 Cet 38 Cet 34 Cet 40 Cet 39 Cet 44 Cet 41 Cet 37 Cet 36 Cet 32 Cet 30 Cet 28 Cet 27 Cet 46 Cet 47 Cet 50 Cet 49 Cet HIP 1499 HIP 7999 χ Cet A
天庾 (Tiān Yǔ, Ricks of Grain) Unclear Unclear Unclear

Stomach[edit]

The Stomach mansion represents the body of White Tiger, it corresponds to constellations Aries, Camelopardalis, Cetus, Eridanus, Perseus, Taurus and Triangulum.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Note
胃宿 (Wèi Xiù, Stomach Mansion) 35 Ari 39 Ari (Lilii Borea) 41 Ari (Bharani)
大陵 (Dà Líng, Mausoleum) i Per τ Per ι Per κ Per (Misam) β Per (Algol) ρ Per (Gorgonea Tertia) 16 Per 12 Per
積屍 (Jī Shī, Heaps of Corpses) π Per (Gorgonea Secunda)
天船 (Tiān Chuán, Celestial Boat) η Per (Miram) γ Per α Per (Mirfak) ψ Per δ Per 48 Per 51 Per HIP 20156 HIP 19949
積水 (Jī Shuǐ, Stored Water) λ Per
天廩 (Tiān Lǐn, Celestial Foodstuffs) 5 Tau 4 Tau ξ Tau ο Tau
天囷 (Tiān Qūn, Circular Celestial Granary) α Cet (Menkar) 97 Cet λ Cet μ Cet ξ1 Cet ξ2 Cet ν Cet γ Cet (Kaffaljidhma) δ Cet 75 Cet 70 Cet 63 Cet 66 Cet

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 Note
胃宿 (Wèi Xiù, Stomach Mansion) 10 Tri 12 Tri 21 Per 52 Ari 33 Ari
大陵 (Dà Líng, Mausoleum) 7 Per 8 Per 5 Per 1 Per 4 Per 6 Per 63 And 64 And 65 And 66 And τ Per Unclear θ Per 14 Per 20 Per 17 Per HIP 14066 ω Per (Gorgonea Quarta) 32 Per 30 Per ω Per (Gorgonea Quarta)
天船 (Tiān Chuán, Celestial Boat) 29 Per 31 Per 34 Per σ Per 36 Per 53 Per 3 Cam 2 Cam 1 Cam b Per
積水 (Jī Shuǐ, Stored Water) 43 Per
天廩 (Tiān Lǐn, Celestial Foodstuffs) 6 Tau 29 Tau 4 Tau
天囷 (Tiān Qūn, Circular Celestial Granary) 62 Cet 58 Cet 61 Cet 60 Cet 69 Cet 64 Cet ξ Ari 31 Ari HIP 12647 93 Cet κ1 Cet 12 Tau 25 Eri 24 Eri 10 Tau 95 Cet 94 Cet 7 Eri 5 Ari 84 Cet V711 Tau

Hairy Head[edit]

The Hairy Head mansion represents the body of White Tiger, it corresponds to constellations Aries, Cetus, Eridanus, Fornax, Perseus and Taurus.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Note
昴宿 (Mǎo Xiù, Hairy Head Mansion) 17 Tau (Electra) 19 Tau (Taygeta) 21 Tau (Asterope) 20 Tau (Maia) 23 Tau (Merope) η Tau (Alcyone) 27 Tau (Atlas)
天阿 (Tiān Ē, Celestial River[note 3]) 62 Ari
月 (Yuè, Moon) 37 Tau
捲舌 (Juǎn Shé, Rolled Tongue) ν Per ε Per ξ Per (Menkib) ζ Per ο Per (Atik) 40 Per
天讒 (Tiān Chán, Celestial Slander) 42 Per
礪石 (Lì Shí, Grind Stone) ψ Tau 44 Tau χ Tau φ Tau
天陰 (Tiān Yīn, Celestial Yin Force) Unclear ζ Ari 63 Ari δ Ari (Botein) Unclear
芻蒿 (Chú Hāo, Hay) ρ Cet 77 Cet 67 Cet 71 Cet Unclear ε Cet
天苑 (Tiān Yuàn, Celestial Meadows) γ Eri (Zaurak) π Eri δ Eri ε Eri (Ran) ζ Eri (Zibal) η Eri (Azha) π Cet τ1 Eri τ2 Eri (Angetenar) τ3 Eri τ4 Eri τ5 Eri τ6 Eri τ7 Eri τ8 Eri τ9 Eri

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 Note
昴宿 (Mǎo Xiù, Hairy Head Mansion) 11 Tau 7 Tau 9 Tau Unclear 32 Tau Unclear Unclear 18 Tau 16 Tau (Celaeno) 24 Tau 26 Tau 28 Tau (Pleione) HIP 17900
月 (Yuè, Moon) 39 Tau
捲舌 (Juǎn Shé, Rolled Tongue) IX Per 55 Per 54 Per 49 Per 50 Per 52 Per o Per (Atik)
天陰 (Tiān Yīn, Celestial Yin Force) 54 Ari 64 Ari 13 Tau 14 Tau HIP 14649 δ Ari (Botein)
芻蒿 (Chú Hāo, Hay) HIP 10215 ο Cet (Mira) 79 Cet 81 Cet 80 Cet
天苑 (Tiān Yuàn, Celestial Meadows) 20 Eri 15 Eri α For (Dalim) α For (Dalim) 6 Eri 4 Eri HIP 11287 τ1 Eri σ Cet ρ1 Eri ρ2 Eri ρ3 Eri 14 Eri 17 Eri 21 Eri 22 Eri α For (Dalim) HIP 16677

Net[edit]

The Net mansion represents the body of White Tiger, it corresponds to constellations Auriga, Eridanus, Horologium, Lepus, Orion, Perseus and Taurus.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Note
畢宿 (Bì Xiù, Net Mansion) ε Tau δ3 Tau δ1 Tau (Secunda Hyadum) γ Tau (Prima Hyadum) α Tau (Aldebaran) θ1 Tau 71 Tau λ Tau
附耳 (Fù Ěr, Whisper) σ2 Tau
天街 (Tiān Jiē, Celestial Street) 67 Tau ω Tau
天高 (Tiān Gāo, Celestial High Terrace) ι Tau 97 Tau 107 Tau 109 Tau
諸王 (Zhū Wáng, Feudal Kings) 136 Tau 125 Tau 118 Tau 103 Tau 99 Tau τ Tau
五車 (Wǔ Chē, Five Chariots) ι Aur (Hassaleh) α Aur (Capella) β Aur (Menkalinan) θ Aur (Mahasim) β Tau (Elnath)
柱 (Zhù, Pillars) ε Aur (Almaaz) ζ Aur (Saclateni) η Aur (Haedus) υ Aur ν Aur τ Aur χ Aur 26 Aur Unclear
咸池 (Xián Chí, Pool of Harmony) ρ Aur HIP 25810 λ Aur (Alhurr)
天潢 (Tiān Huáng, Celestial Pier) 19 Aur φ Aur 14 Aur σ Aur υ Aur
天關 (Tiān Guān, Celestial Gate) ζ Tau (Tianguan)
天節 (Tiān Jié, Celestial Tally) π Tau ρ Tau 57 Tau 79 Tau 90 Tau 93 Tau 88 Tau 66 Tau
九州殊口 (Jiǔ Zhōu Shū Kǒu, Interpreters of Nine Dialects) 39 Eri ο1 Eri (Beid) ξ Eri ν Eri 56 Eri 55 Eri
參旗 (Shēn Qí, Banner of Three Stars) ο1 Ori ο2 Ori 6 Ori π1 Ori π2 Ori π3 Ori (Tabit) π4 Ori π5 Ori π6 Ori
九斿 (Jiǔ Yóu, Imperial Military Flag) 49 Eri μ Eri ω Eri 63 Eri 64 Eri 60 Eri 58 Eri 54 Eri 1 Lep
天園 (Tiān Yuán, Celestial Orchard) δ Phe χ Eri φ Eri κ Eri s Eri θ Eri (Acamar) h Eri f Eri g Eri υ4 Eri υ3 Eri (Beemim) υ2 Eri (Theemin) υ1 Eri

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 Note
畢宿 (Bì Xiù, Net Mansion) 30 Tau 31 Tau ν Tau 40 Tau 45 Tau 46 Tau μ Tau 47 Tau 48 Tau 58 Tau 63 Tau 64 Tau θ2 Tau (Chakumuy) 46 Tau HIP 21029 HIP 21053 85 Tau
附耳 (Fù Ěr, Whisper) σ1 Tau 89 Tau 89 Tau σ2 Tau
天街 (Tiān Jiē, Celestial Street) 43 Tau κ1 Tau υ Tau 72 Tau
天高 (Tiān Gāo, Celestial High Terrace) 104 Tau 106 Tau 105 Tau 114 Tau
諸王 (Zhū Wáng, Feudal Kings) 95 Tau 98 Tau 121 Tau 132 Tau
五車 (Wǔ Chē, Five Chariots) 59 Per 57 Per 58 Per 6 Aur 5 Aur ω Aur 1 Aur 2 Aur 40 Aur 38 Aur 39 Aur 43 Aur 42 Aur 41 Aur 36 Aur π Aur ο Aur 12 Aur HIP 21238
天潢 (Tiān Huáng, Celestial Pier) 16 Aur 17 Aur
天關 (Tiān Guān, Celestial Gate) 113 Tau 126 Tau 128 Tau 129 Tau 130 Tau 127 Tau
九州殊口 (Jiǔ Zhōu Shū Kǒu, Interpreters of Nine Dialects) 35 Eri 32 Eri 29 Eri 30 Eri 30 Eri 37 Eri ο2 Eri (Keid) 47 Eri 46 Eri 51 Eri ο2 Eri (Keid)
參旗 (Shēn Qí, Banner of Three Stars) 96 Tau HIP 23043 101 Tau 11 Ori 15 Ori 18 Ori 16 Ori 13 Ori 13 Ori 14 Ori 5 Ori π5 Ori
九斿 (Jiǔ Yóu, Imperial Military Flag) HIP 20884 45 Eri 62 Eri 53 Eri (Sceptrum) 59 Eri HIP 21685 HIP 23554
天園 (Tiān Yuán, Celestial Orchard) ι Eri Unclear e Eri y Eri i Eri α Hor

Turtle Beak[edit]

The Turtle Beak mansion represents the head of White Tiger, it corresponds to constellations Auriga, Gemini, Lynx, Orion and Taurus.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note
觜宿 (Zī Xiù, Turtle Beak Mansion) λ Ori (Meissa) φ1 Ori φ2 Ori
司怪 (Sī Guài, Deity in Charge of Monsters) 139 Tau 1 Gem χ2 Ori χ1 Ori
座旗 (Zuò Qí, Seat Flags) ψ6 Aur ψ10 Aur ψ4 Aur ψ5 Aur ψ2 Aur ψ7 Aur ψ3 Aur 51 Aur 59 Aur

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 Note
司怪 (Sī Guài, Deity in Charge of Monsters) 140 Tau HIP 28561 57 Ori 64 Ori 68 Ori 71 Ori
座旗 (Zuò Qí, Seat Flags) ψ1 Aur 47 Aur 60 Aur ψ8 Aur 62 Aur 63 Aur 64 Aur 66 Aur 21 Lyn 22 Lyn 20 Lyn

Three Stars[edit]

The Three Stars mansion represents the body of White Tiger, it corresponds to constellations Columba, Eridanus, Lepus, Monoceros and Orion.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Note
參宿 (Shēn Xiù, Three Stars Mansion) ζ Ori (Alnitak) ε Ori (Alnilam) δ Ori (Mintaka) α Ori (Betelgeuse) γ Ori (Bellatrix) κ Ori (Saiph) β Ori (Rigel)
伐 (, Punishment) 42 Ori θ2 Ori ι Ori (Hatysa)
玉井 (Yù Jǐng, Jade Well) λ Eri ψ Eri β Eri (Cursa) τ Ori
軍井 (Jūn Jǐng, Military Well) ι Lep κ Lep λ Lep ν Lep
屏 (Píng, Screen) μ Lep ε Lep
廁 (, Toilet) α Lep (Arneb) β Lep (Nihal) γ Lep δ Lep
屎 (Shǐ, Excrement) μ Col

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 +24 +25 +26 +27 +28 +29 +30 +31 +32 +33 +34 +35 +36 +37 +38 +39 Note
參宿 (Shēn Xiù, Three Stars Mansion) σ Ori 31 Ori η Ori (Algjebba) 27 Ori ο Ori 25 Ori 25 Ori 21 Ori ρ Ori 23 Ori ψ Ori 33 Ori 32 Ori 38 Ori ω Ori 51 Ori 52 Ori μ Ori 63 Ori 66 Ori 59 Ori 56 Ori HIP 28413 9 Mon 10 Mon β Mon 7 Mon γ Mon 6 Mon HIP 29118 3 Mon 2 Mon 1 Mon 55 Ori 49 Ori υ Ori (Thabit) 26 Ori τ Ori HIP 25028
伐 (, Punishment) 45 Ori θ1 Ori (Trapezium)
玉井 (Yù Jǐng, Jade Well) 66 Eri 68 Eri HIP 23802
軍井 (Jūn Jǐng, Military Well) 8 Lep RX Lep
屏 (Píng, Screen) μ Lep ε Lep
廁 (, Toilet) 10 Lep 12 Lep 19 Lep 17 Lep θ Lep η Lep ζ Lep 12 Lep

Vermilion Bird[edit]

The final seven mansions represents the Vermilion Bird, creature of the direction south and the element fire.

Well[edit]

The Well Mansion corresponds to constellations Auriga, Cancer, Canis Major, Canis Minor, Carina, Columba, Gemini, Monoceros, Orion, Pictor, Puppis and Taurus.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note
井宿 (Jǐng Xiù, Well Mansion) μ Gem (Tejat) ν Gem γ Gem (Alhena) ξ Gem (Alzirr) ε Gem (Mebsuta) 36 Gem ζ Gem (Mekbuda) λ Gem
鉞 (Yuè, Battle Axe) η Gem (Propus)
水府 (Shǔi Fǔ, Official for Irrigation) μ Ori ξ Ori 72 Ori 69 Ori
天樽 (Tiān Zūn, Celestial Wine Cup) 57 Gem δ Gem (Wasat) ω Gem
五諸侯 (Wǔ Zhū Hóu, Five Feudal Kings) θ Gem τ Gem ι Gem υ Gem φ Gem
北河 (Běi Hé, North River) ρ Gem α Gem (Castor) β Gem (Pollux)
積水 (Jī Shǔi, Accumulated Water) ο Gem (Jishui)[12]
積薪 (Jī Xīn, Pile of Firewood) κ Gem
水位 (Shǔi Wèi, Waterlevel) 6 CMi 11 CMi 8 Cnc ζ Cnc (Tegmine)
南河 (Nán Hé, South River) ε CMi β CMi (Gomeisa) α CMi (Procyon)
四瀆 (Sì Dú, Four Channels) HIP 34033 17 Mon 13 Mon 8 Mon
闕丘 (Què Qiū, Palace Gate) 18 Mon 21 Mon
軍市 (Jūn Shì, Market for the Soldiers) β CMa (Mirzam) ν3 CMa 15 CMa 17 CMa ο1 CMa ξ1 CMa
野雞 (Yě Jī, Wild Cockerel) ν2 CMa
天狼 (Tiān Láng, Celestial Wolf) α CMa (Sirius)
丈人 (Zhàng Rén, Grandfather) α Col (Phact) ε Col
子 (, Son) λ Col (Tsze) β Col (Wazn)
孫 (Sūn, Grandson) κ Col θ Col (Elkurud)
老人 (Lǎo Rén, Old Man) α Car (Canopus)
弧矢 (Hú Shǐ, Bow and Arrow) δ CMa (Wezen) η CMa (Aludra) c Pup HIP 38901 ο Pup k Pup ε CMa (Adhara) κ CMa π Pup

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 +24 +25 +26 +27 +28 +29 +30 +31 +32 Note
井宿 (Jǐng Xiù, Well Mansion) κ Aur 48 Aur 53 Aur 28 Gem 54 Aur 49 Aur 26 Gem 23 Gem W Gem 30 Gem 32 Gem 35 Gem 38 Gem 41 Gem 45 Gem HIP 34858 51 Gem 30 Gem ξ Gem (Alzirr)
鉞 (Yuè, Battle Axe) 9 Gem
水府 (Shǔi Fǔ, Official for Irrigation) 133 Tau 131 Tau 135 Tau 137 Tau 137 Tau 73 Ori 74 Ori 75 Ori
天樽 (Tiān Zūn, Celestial Wine Cup) 37 Gem 40 Gem 47 Gem 52 Gem 58 Gem 44 Gem 56 Gem 61 Gem 63 Gem
五諸侯 (Wǔ Zhū Hóu, Five Feudal Kings) 59 Gem 64 Gem 65 Gem 64 Gem 65 Gem τ Gem
北河 (Běi Hé, North River) 70 Gem ο Gem (Jishui) π Gem σ Gem
積薪 (Jī Xīn, Pile of Firewood) 76 Gem 82 Gem 84 Gem
水位 (Shǔi Wèi, Waterlevel) 1 CMi 68 CMi 74 CMi 81 CMi 85 CMi 8 Cnc μ Cnc 3 Cnc 5 Cnc 1 Cnc Unclear 12 Cnc HIP 36631
南河 (Nán Hé, South River) γ CMi η CMi δ3 CMi δ2 CMi δ1 CMi ζ CMi 14 CMi HIP 39311 28 Mon 27 Mon HD 61563
四瀆 (Sì Dú, Four Channels) HIP 34033 15 Mon 16 Mon 12 Mon Unclear HIP 30717 HIP 30720 HIP 31149 14 Mon
闕丘 (Què Qiū, Palace Gate) 24 Mon 23 Mon δ Mon 19 Mon 20 Mon 25 Mon α Mon
軍市 (Jūn Shì, Market for the Soldiers) ν1 CMa ξ2 CMa 12 CMa π CMa ο2 CMa π CMa π CMa
天狼 (Tiān Láng, Celestial Wolf) 11 CMa θ CMa μ CMa γ CMa (Muliphein) ι CMa θ CMa
子 (, Son) γ Col
孫 (Sūn, Grandson) ζ CMa (Furud) λ CMa δ Col δ Col
老人 (Lǎo Rén, Old Man) τ Pup ν Pup η Col β Pic
弧矢 (Hú Shǐ, Bow and Arrow) 10 CMa σ CMa (Unurgunite) ω CMa 27 CMa 26 CMa τ CMa 29 CMa 2 Pup π Pup 5 Pup 10 Pup 6 Pup 16 Pup 14 Pup 11 Pup 12 Pup ξ Pup (Azmidi) HIP 37590 3 Pup d1 Pup b Pup ζ Pup (Naos) a Pup σ Pup HIP 34360 LZ CMa HIP 36848 HIP 36787 HIP 37951 HIP 37915 12 Pup ρ Pup (Tureis)

Ghosts[edit]

The Ghosts Mansion corresponds to constellations Cancer, Gemini, Hydra, Monoceros, Puppis, Pyxis and Vela.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Note
鬼宿 (Guǐ Xiù, Ghosts Mansion) θ Cnc η Cnc γ Cnc (Asellus Borealis) δ Cnc (Asellus Australis)
積屍 (Jī Shī, Cumulative Corpses) M44 (Beehive Cluster)
爟 (Guàn, Beacon Fire) ψ Cnc λ Cnc (Piautos) φ1 Cnc 15 Cnc
外廚 (Wài Chú, Outer Kitchen) 2 Hya F Hya 14 Hya Unclear Unclear Unclear
天記 (Tiān Jì, Judge to Estimate the Age of Animals) λ Vel (Suhail)
天狗 (Tiān Gǒu, Celestial Dog) e Vel d Vel Unclear β Pyx α Pyx γ Pyx δ Pyx
天社 (Tiān Shè, Celestial Earth God's Temple) γ Vel (Regor) b Vel δ Vel (Alsephina) φ Vel (Tseen Ke) κ Vel (Markeb) N Vel

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 Note
鬼宿 (Guǐ Xiù, Ghosts Mansion) 35 Cnc 20 Cnc 25 Cnc 29 Cnc 27 Cnc 45 Cnc 50 Cnc 54 Cnc 52 Cnc ο1 Cnc ο2 Cnc 68 Cnc 71 Cnc 78 Cnc 83 Cnc π Cnc Unclear Unclear 25 Cnc
積屍 (Jī Shī, Cumulative Corpses) 39 Cnc 42 Cnc ε Cnc (Meleph)
爟 (Guàn, Beacon Fire) 4 Cnc ω Cnc χ Gem 11 Cnc 13 Cnc χ Cnc φ1 Cnc φ2 Cnc 24 Cnc 28 Cnc υ1 Cnc
外廚 (Wài Chú, Outer Kitchen) ζ Mon 1 Hya c Hya 3 Hya F Hya 15 Hya 17 Hya 6 Hya 12 Hya 9 Hya 21 Pup Unclear 20 Pup 18 Pup Unclear 19 Pup 22 Pup
天記 (Tiān Jì, Judge to Estimate the Age of Animals) ψ Vel q Vel
天社 (Tiān Shè, Celestial Earth God's Temple) χ Car a Vel c Vel ο Vel Unclear

Willow[edit]

The Willow Mansion corresponds to constellations Cancer, Hydra and Leo.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Note
柳宿 (Liǔ Xiù, Willow Mansion) δ Hya σ Hya (Minchir) η Hya ρ Hya ε Hya (Ashlesha) ζ Hya ω Hya θ Hya
酒旗 (Jiǔ Qí, Banner of Wine Shop) ψ Leo ξ Leo ω Leo

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 Note
柳宿 (Liǔ Xiù, Willow Mansion) 10 Hya κ Cnc α Cnc (Acubens) 60 Cnc 49 Cnc 37 Cnc 36 Cnc 34 Cnc 21 Cnc β Cnc (Tarf) HIP 40617 60 Cnc α Cnc (Acubens)
酒旗 (Jiǔ Qí, Banner of Wine Shop) 8 Leo 7 Leo 11 Leo 6 Leo 3 Leo

Star[edit]

The Star Mansion corresponds to constellations Cancer, Hydra, Leo, Leo Minor, Lynx, Sextans.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Note
星宿 (Xīng Xiù, Star Mansion) α Hya (Alphard) τ1 Hya τ2 Hya ι Hya (Ukdah) 27 Hya 26 Hya HIP 46744
天相 (Tiān Xiàng, Celestial Premier) 17 Sex α Sex ε Sex
天稷 (Tiān Jì, Celestial Cereals) Not documented in Yixiang Kaocheng
軒轅 (Xuānyuán, Xuanyuan) 10 UMa HIP 44700 38 Lyn α Lyn HIP 47617 f Leo κ Leo (Al Minliar al Asad) λ Leo (Alterf) ε Leo (Algenubi) μ Leo (Rasalas) ζ Leo (Adhafera) γ Leo (Algieba) η Leo α Leo (Regulus) ο Leo (Subra) ρ Leo 御女 (Yù Nǚ, Maids-in-waiting)
31 Leo
內平 (Nèi Píng, High Judge) 22 LMi 21 LMi 13 LMi HIP 48742

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 +17 +18 +19 +20 +21 +22 +23 +24 +25 +26 +27 +28 +29 +30 +31 +32 +33 +34 +35 +36 +37 +38 +39 +40 +41 +42 +43 +44 +45 +46 +47 =48 +49 +50 +51 +52 +53 +54 +55 +56 +57 +58 +59 Note
星宿 (Xīng Xiù, Star Mansion) 29 Hya 24 Hya 20 Hya 19 Hya 21 Hya 23 Hya 18 Hya 33 Hya 6 Sex 3 Sex 5 Sex γ Sex 37 Hya Unclear 34 Hya
天相 (Tiān Xiàng, Celestial Premier) 18 Sex 21 Sex 20 Sex 25 Sex 27 Sex δ Sex Unclear 24 Sex 26 Sex β Sex 33 Sex 40 Sex
軒轅 (Xuānyuán, Xuanyuan) 8 LMi 7 LMi HIP 45412 66 Cnc σ3 Cnc σ2 Cnc σ1 Cnc 33 Lyn HIP 42503 HIP 42472 46 Cnc 57 Cnc 61 Cnc τ Cnc 75 Cnc 70 Cnc 67 Cnc ρ2 Cnc ρ1 Cnc (Copernicus) ρ1 Cnc 53 Cnc ι Cnc B ν Cnc ξ Cnc (Nahn) HIP 46058 9 Leo 13 Leo 22 Leo 20 Leo 35 Leo 39 Leo 40 Leo 40 Leo 33 Leo 42 Leo 37 Leo 34 Leo π Leo HIP 48876 HIP 48734 Unclear ν Leo 23 Leo 18 Leo 10 Leo 2 Sex 7 Sex 4 Sex 9 Sex 12 Sex 13 Sex 14 Sex 19 Sex 19 Sex 43 Leo 44 Leo 45 Leo 79 Cnc ο Leo
內平 (Nèi Píng, High Judge) 17 LMi 16 LMi 43 Lyn 42 Lyn 9 LMi 10 LMi 11 LMi HIP 47436 20 LMi 23 LMi 24 LMi

Extended Net[edit]

The Extended Met Mansion corresponds to constellation Hydra.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 Note
張宿 (Zhāng Xiù, Extended Net Mansion) υ1 Hya (Zhang) λ Hya μ Hya HIP 49321 κ Hya φ1 Hya
天廟 (Tiān Miào, Celestial Temple) Not documented in Yixiang Kaocheng

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 Note
張宿 (Zhāng Xiù, Extended Net Mansion) υ2 Hya 43 Hya φ2 Hya 44 Hya HIP 49809

Wings[edit]

The Wings Mansion corresponds to constellations Crater and Hydra.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Note
翼宿 (Yì Xiù, Wings Mansion) α Crt (Alkes) γ Crt ζ Crt λ Crt ν Hya η Crt δ Crt ι Crt κ Crt ε Crt Unclear HIP 53975 θ Crt HIP 57587 Unclear β Crt Unclear Unclear Unclear χ1 Hya Unclear Unclear
東甌 (Dōng Ōu, Dong'ou) Not documented in Yixiang Kaocheng

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 Note
翼宿 (Yì Xiù, Wings Mansion) 41 Sex 39 Sex b1 Hya b2 Hya b3 Hya HIP 53963 HIP 54477

Chariot[edit]

The Chariot Mansion corresponds to constellations Corvus, Crater, Hydra and Virgo.

Asterism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Note
軫宿 (Zhěn Xiù, Chariot Mansion) γ Crv (Gienah) ε Crv (Minkar) δ Crv (Algorab) β Crv (Kraz)
右辖 (Yòu Xiá, Right Linchpin) α Crv (Alchiba)
左辖 (Zuǒ Xiá, Left Linchpin) η Crv
長沙 (Chángshá, Changsha) ζ Crv
青丘 (Qīng Qiū, Green Hill) β Hya HIP 58518 17 Crt HIP 56332 ξ Hya HIP 56452 ο Hya
軍門 (Jūn Mén, Military Gate) Not documented in Yixiang Kaocheng
土司空 (Tǔ Sī Kōng, Master of Construction) Not documented in Yixiang Kaocheng
器府 (Qì Fǔ, House for Musical Instruments) Not documented in Yixiang Kaocheng

Added Stars

Asterism +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 Note
軫宿 (Zhěn Xiù, Chariot Mansion) 21 Vir 14 Vir 31 Crt 3 Crv 6 Crv
青丘 (Qīng Qiū, Green Hill) HIP 57047 HIP 56657 HIP 56623

Individual Stars with Traditional Names[edit]

Names listed above are all enumerations within the respective Chinese constellations; the following stars have traditional proper names.

Single Star Asterisms[edit]

Name Romanization Translation Western name Proper name Western constellation Comments
軍南門 Jūn Nán Mén Southern Military Gate Phi Andromedae[13] Andromeda A single-star asterism within the Legs mansion.
玄戈 Xuán Gē Sombre Lance Lambda Boötis[14] Xuange Boötes A single-star asterism within the Purple Forbidden enclosure. Xuán Gē became the official name. Xuange for this star by approval of IAU in 30 June 2017[7]
大角 Dà Jiǎo Great Horn Alpha Boötis[15] Arcturus A single-star asterism within the Neck mansion.
招搖 Zhāo Yáo Twinkling Indicator Gamma Boötis[16] Seginus A single-star asterism within the Root mansion.
積尸 Jī Shī Cumulative Corpses Messier 44[17] Beehive Cluster Cancer A single-star asterism within the Ghost mansion.
Xiāng Prime Minister 5 Canum Venaticorum[18] Canes Venatici A single-star asterism within the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
野雞 Yě Jī Wild Cockerel Nu2 Canis Majoris[19] Canis Major A single-star asterism within the Well mansion.
天狼 Tiān Láng Celestial Wolf Alpha Canis Majoris[19] Sirius
老人 Lǎo Rén Old Man Alpha Carinae[19] Canopus Carina
附路 Fù Lù Auxiliary Road Zeta Cassiopeiae[13] Fulu Cassiopeia A single-star asterism in the Legs mansion. Fù Lù became the official name Fulu for this star by approval of IAU in 30 June 2017[7]
Whip Gamma Cassiopeiae[13] A single-star asterism in the Legs mansion.
土司空 Tǔ Sī Kōng Master of Constructions Beta Ceti [13] Diphda Cetus
Shǐ Excrement Mu Columbae[20] Columba A single-star asterism in the Three Stars mansion.
郎將 Láng Jiāng Captain of the Bodyguards 31 Comae Berenices[21] Coma Berenices A single-star asterism in the Supreme Palace enclosure.
長沙 Cháng Shā Changsha Zeta Corvi[22] Corvus A single-star asterism in the Chariot mansion.
左轄 Zuǒ Xiá Left Linchpin Eta Corvi[22]
右轄 Yòu Xiá Right Linchpin Alpha Corvi[22] Alchiba
女史 Nǚ Shǐ Female Protocol Psi Draconis[23] Dziban Draco A single-star asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
柱史 Zhù Shǐ Official of Royal Archives Phi Draconis[23]
Yuè Battle Axe Eta Geminorum[24] Propus Gemini A single-star asterism in the Well mansion.
積薪 Jī Xīn Pile of Firewood Kappa Geminorum[19]
帝座 Dì Zuò Emperor's Seat Alpha Herculis[25] Rasalgethi Hercules A single-star asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
太子 Tài Zǐ Crown Prince 93 Leonis[26] Leo A single-star asterism in the Supreme Palace enclosure.
從官 Cóng Guān Retinue 92 Leonis[26]
虎賁 Hǔ Bēn Emperor's Bodyguard 72 Leonis[26]
Sun Kappa Librae[27] Libra A single-star asterism in the Room mansion
騎陣將軍 Qí Zhèn Jiāng Jūn Chariots and Cavalry General Kappa1 Lupi[16] Lupus A single-star asterism in the Root mansion.
Hòu Astrologer Alpha Ophiuchi[25] Rasalhague Ophiuchus A single-star asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
積屍 Jī Shī Heap of Corpses Pi Persei[28][29] Perseus A single-star asterism in the Stomach mansion.
積水 Jī Shuǐ Stored Water Lambda Persei[28]
天讒 Tiān Chán Celestial Slander 42 Persei[30]
北落師門 Běi Là Shī Mén North Gate of the Military Camp Alpha Piscis Austrini[31] Fomalhaut Piscis Austrinus A single-star asterism in the Encampment mansion
天綱 Tiān Gāng Materials for Making Tents Delta Piscis Austrini[31]
農丈人 Nóng Zhàng Rén Peasant HD 172910[32] Sagittarius A single-star asterism in the Dipper mansion
鍵閉 Jiàn Bì Door Bolt Nu Scorpii[33] Jabbah Scorpius A single-star asterism in the Room mansion
神宮 Shén Gōng Changing Room Mu2 Scorpii[34] Pipirima A single-star asterism in the Tail mansion
Fish Messier 7[34] Ptolemy Cluster
傅說 Fù Yuè Fuyue G Scorpii[35] Fuyue A single-star asterism in the Tail mansion. Fù Yuè became the official name Fuyue for this star by approval of IAU in 30 June 2017[7]
天乳 Tiān Rǔ Celestial Milk Mu Serpentis[16] Serpens A single-star asterism in the Root mansion
Yuè Moon 37 Tauri[36] Taurus A single-star asterism in the Hairy Head mansion
附耳 Fù Ěr Whisper Sigma2 Tauri[37] A single-star asterism in the Net mansion
天關 Tiān Guān Celestial Gate Zeta Tauri[38] Tianguan A single-star asterism in the Net mansion. Tiān Guān became the official name Tianguan for this star by approval of IAU in 30 June 2017[7]
太尊 Tài Zūn Royal Psi Ursae Majoris[39] Ursa Major A single-star asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure
太陽守 Tài Yáng Shǒu Guard of the Sun Chi Ursae Majoris[39] Taiyangshou A single-star asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure. Tài Yáng Shǒu became the official name Taiyangshou for this star by approval of IAU in 30 June 2017[7]
Assistant 80 Ursae Majoris[40] Alcor A single-star asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
天記 Tiān Jì Judge for Estimating the Age of Animals Lambda Velorum[41] Suhail Vela A single-star asterism in the Ghost mansion
謁者 Yè Zhě Usher to the Court 16 Virginis[42] Virgo A single-star asterism in the Supreme Palace enclosure.

Proper Names of Individual Stars[edit]

Name Romanization Translation Western name Proper name Western constellation Represent Romanization Translation Description
天市左垣六 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán liù the Sixth Star of Left Wall Zeta Aquilae[43] Okab Aquila 吳越 Wú Yuè The state of Wu and Yue Left Wall (天市左垣, Tiānshìzuǒyuán) is the asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
河鼓二 Hé Gŭ èr the Second Star of Drum at the River Alpha Aquilae[44] Altair 牛郎 or 牵牛 Niúláng or Qiānniú Niulang, Cowherd Niulang, the cowherd who fell in love with the daughter of the Jade Emperor in the Qixi Festival Weaver Girl and the Cowherd folk story. Drum at the River (河鼓, Hégŭ) is the asterism in the Ox mansion.
紫微右垣六 Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán liù the Sixth Star of Right Wall Alpha Camelopardalis[45] Camelopardalis 少衛 Shǎo Wèi The Second Imperial Guard Right Wall (紫微右垣六, Zǐwēiyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
Phi Capricorni[46] Capricornus Chǔ The state of Chu These stars is once of members of Twelve States (十二國, Shíèrguó), which is the asterism in the Girl mansion. The Twelve States refer to these ancient states in the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period: Chu (楚), Dai (代), Han (韓), Jin (晉), Qi (齊), Qin (秦), Wei (魏), Yan (燕), Yue (越), Zhao (趙), Zheng (鄭), Zhou (周).
Iota Capricorni[46] 代一 Dài yī (First star of) The state of Dai
35 Capricorni[47] Hán The state of Han
36 Capricorni[47] Jìn The state of Jin
Chi Capricorni[46] The state of Qi
Theta Capricorni[46] 秦一 Qín yī (First star of) The state of Qin
30 Capricorni[47] 秦二 Qín èr (Second star of) The state of Qin
33 Capricorni[47] Wèi The state of Wei
Zeta Capricorni[46] Yān The state of Yan
19 Capricorni[47] Yuè The state of Yue
20 Capricorni[47] Zhèng The state of Zheng
Eta Capricorni[46] 周一 Zhōu yī (First star of) The state of Zhou
老人 Lǎo Rén Old Man Alpha Carinae[19] Canopus Carina Shòu Longevity One of the "Three Stars", the Shou star is personified as the Old Man of the South Pole, believed to control the life spans of mortals. He is sometimes conflated with Laozi and corresponding gods of Taoist theology. Old Man is the asterism in the Well mansion.
紫微左垣七 Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán qī the Seventh Star of Right Wall Gamma Cephei[23] Errai Cepheus 少衛 Shǎo Wèi The Second Imperial Guard Right Wall (紫微右垣六, Zǐwēiyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
太微左垣五 Tài Wēi Zuǒ Yuán wǔ the Fifth Star of Left Wall Alpha Comae Berenices[48] Diadem Coma Berenices 東上將 Dōng Shǎng Jiāng The First Eastern General Left Wall (太微左垣, Tàiwēizuǒyuán) is the asterism in the Supreme Palace enclosure.
紫微左垣一 Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán yī the First Star of Left Wall Iota Draconis[23] Edasich Draco 左樞 Zuǒ Shū The Left Pivot Left Wall (紫微左垣, Zǐwēizuǒyuán) is the asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
紫微左垣二 Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán èr the Second Star of Left Wall Theta Draconis[23] 上宰 Shǎng Zǎi The First Premier
紫微左垣三 Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán sān the Third Star of Left Wall Eta Draconis[23] Athebyne 少宰 Shǎo Zǎi The Second Premier
紫微左垣四 Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán sì the Fourth Star of Left Wall Zeta Draconis[23] Aldhibah 上弼 Shǎng Bì The First Minister
紫微左垣五 Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán wǔ the Fifth Star of Left Wall Upsilon Draconis[23] 少弼 Shǎo Bì The Second Minister
紫微右垣一 Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán yī the First Star of Right Wall Alpha Draconis[45] Thuban 右樞 Yòu Shū The Right Pivot Right Wall (紫微右垣, Zǐwēiyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
紫微右垣二 Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán èr the Second Star of Right Wall Kappa Draconis[45] 少尉 Shǎo Wèi The Second Chief Judge
紫微右垣三 Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán sān the Third Star of Right Wall Lambda Draconis[45] Giausar 上輔 Shǎng Fǔ The First Minister
天市左垣一 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán yī the First Star of Left Wall Delta Herculis[43] Sarin Hercules Wèi The state of Wei Left Wall (天市左垣, Tiānshìzuǒyuán) is the asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
天市左垣二 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán èr the Second Star of Left Wall Lambda Herculis[43] Maasym Zhào The state of Zhao
天市左垣三 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán sān the Third Star of Left Wall Mu Herculis[43] 九河 Jiǔ Hé Jiuhe
天市左垣四 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán sì the Fourth Star of Left Wall Omicron Herculis[43] 中山 Zhōng Shān Zhongshan
天市右垣一 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán yī the First Star of Right Wall Beta Herculis[49] Kornephoros 河中 Hé Zhōng Hezhong Right Wall (天市左垣, Tiānshìyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
天市右垣二 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán èr the Second Star of Right Wall Gamma Herculis[49] 河間 Hé Jiān Hejian
天市右垣三 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán sān the Third Star of Right Wall Kappa Herculis[49] Marsic Jìn The state of Jin
太微右垣二 Tài Wēi Yòu Yuán èr the Second Star of Right Wall Sigma Leonis[50] Leo 西上將 Xī Shǎng Jiāng The First Western General Right Wall (太微右垣, Tàiwēiyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Supreme Palace enclosure.
太微右垣三 Tài Wēi Yòu Yuán sān the Third Star of Right Wall Iota Leonis[50] 西次將 Xī Cì Jiāng The Second Western General
太微右垣四 Tài Wēi Yòu Yuán sì the Fourth Star of Right Wall Theta Leonis[50] Chertan 西次相 Xī Cì Xiāng The Second Western Minister
太微右垣五 Tài Wēi Yòu Yuán wǔ the Fifth Star of Right Wall Delta Leonis[50] Zosma 西上相 Xī Shǎng Xiāng The First Western Minister
織女一 Zhī Nǚ yī the First Star of Weaving Girl Alpha Lyrae[44] Vega Lyra 織女 Zhī Nǚ Weaving Girl After the Qixi Festival Weaver Girl and the Cowherd folk story. Weaving Girl (織女, Zhīnǚ) is the asterism in the Ox mansion.
天市左垣九 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán jiǔ the Ninth Star of Left Wall Nu Ophiuchi[43] Ophiuchus Yān The state of Yan Left Wall (天市左垣, Tiānshìzuǒyuán) is the asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
天市左垣十一 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán shíyī the Eleventh Star of Left Wall Eta Ophiuchi[43] Sabik Sòng The state of Song
天市右垣九 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán jiǔ the Ninth Star of Right Wall Delta Ophiuchi[49] Yed Prior Liáng The state of Liang Right Wall (天市左垣, Tiānshìyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
天市右垣十 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán shí the Tenth Star of Right Wall Epsilon Ophiuchi[49] Yed Posterior Chǔ The state of Chu
天市右垣十一 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán shíyī the Eleventh Star of Right Wall Zeta Ophiuchi[49] Hán The state of Han
天市左垣七 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán qī the Seventh Star of Left Wall Theta Serpentis[43] Alya Serpens The state of Xu Left Wall (天市左垣, Tiānshìzuǒyuán) is the asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
天市左垣八 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán bā the Eighth Star of Left Wall Eta Serpentis[43] 東海 Dōng Hǎi Dong Hai
天市左垣十 Tiān Shì Zuǒ Yuán shí the Tenth Star of Left Wall Xi Serpentis[43] 南海 Nán Hǎi Nan Hai
天市右垣四 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán sì the Fourth Star of Right Wall Gamma Serpentis[49] Zhèng The state of Zheng Right Wall (天市右垣, Tiānshìyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Heavenly Market enclosure.
天市右垣五 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán wǔ the Fifth Star of Right Wall Beta Serpentis[49] Zhōu The state of Zhou
天市右垣六 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán liù the Sixth Star of Right Wall Delta Serpentis[49] Qín The state of Qin
天市右垣七 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán qī the Seventh Star of Right Wall Alpha Serpentis[49] Unukalhai Shǔ The state of Shu
天市右垣八 Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán bā the Eighth Star of Right Wall Epsilon Serpentis[49] The state of Ba
紫微右垣四 Zǐ Wēi Yòu Yuán sì the Fourth Star of Right Wall 24 Ursae Majoris[40] Ursa Major 少辅 Shǎo Fǔ The Second Minister Right Wall (紫微右垣, Zǐwēiyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
北斗一 Běi Dǒu yī the First Star of Northern Dipper Alpha Ursae Majoris[51] Dubhe 天樞 Tiān Shū The Celestial Pivot Northern Dipper (北斗, Běidǒu) is the asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
北斗二 Běi Dǒu èr the Second Star of Northern Dipper Beta Ursae Majoris[51] Merak 天璇 Tiān Xuán The Celestial Rotating Jade
北斗三 Běi Dǒu sān the Third Star of Northern Dipper Gamma Ursae Majoris[51] Phecda 天璣 Tiān Jī The Celestial Shining Pearl
北斗四 Běi Dǒu sì the Fourth Star of Northern Dipper Delta Ursae Majoris[51] Megrez 天權 Tiān Quán The Celestial Balance
北斗五 Běi Dǒu wǔ the Fifth Star of Northern Dipper Epsilon Ursae Majoris[51] Alioth 玉衡 Yù Héng The Jade Sighting-Tube
北斗六 Běi Dǒu liù the Sixth Star of Northern Dipper Zeta Ursae Majoris[51] Mizar
Status One of the "Three Stars", the Lu star is believed to be Zhang Xian, who lived during the Later Shu dynasty. The word lu specifically refers to the salary of a government official; as such, the Lu star is the star of prosperity, rank, and influence.
開陽 Kāi Yáng The Opener of Heat Northern Dipper (北斗, Běidǒu) is the asterism in the Purple Forbidden enclosure.
北斗七 Běi Dǒu qī the Seventh Star of Northern Dipper Eta Ursae Majoris[51] Alkaid 搖光 Yáo Guāng The Twinkling Brilliance
Iota Ursae Majoris[39] Talitha 上台一 Shàng Tái yī The First Upper Step These stars is once of members of Three Steps (三台, Sāntái), which is the asterism in the Supreme Palace enclosure mansion. The Three Steps represent three rank official, or triple deck room in the heaven, they are The Upper Step (上台, Shàngtái), The Middle Step (中台, Zhōngtái) and The Lower Step (下台, Xiàtái).
Kappa Ursae Majoris[39] Alkaphrah 上台二 Shàng Tái èr The Second Upper Step
Lambda Ursae Majoris[39] Tania Borealis 中台一 Zhōng Tái yī The First Middle Step
Mu Ursae Majoris[39] Tania Australis 中台一 Zhōng Tái èr The Second Middle Step
Nu Ursae Majoris[39] Alula Borealis 下台一 Xià Tái yī The First Lower Step
Xi Ursae Majoris[39] Alula Australis 下台二 Xià Tái èr The Second Lower Step
太微左垣一 Tài Wēi Zuǒ Yuán yī the First Star of Left Wall Eta Virginis[48] Zaniah Virgo 左執法 Zuǒ Zhí Fǎ The Left Law Administrator Left Wall (太微左垣, Tàiwēizuǒyuán) is the asterism in the Supreme Palace enclosure.
太微左垣二 Tài Wēi Zuǒ Yuán èr the Second Star of Left Wall Gamma Virginis[48] Porrima 東上相 Dōng Shàng Xiàng The First Eastern Minister
太微左垣三 Tài Wēi Zuǒ Yuán sān the Third Star of Left Wall Delta Virginis[48] Minelauva 東次相 Dōng Cì Xiàng The Second Eastern Minister
太微左垣四 Tài Wēi Zuǒ Yuán sì the Fourth Star of Left Wall Epsilon Virginis[48] Vindemiatrix 東次將 Dōng Cì Jiàng The Second Eastern General
太微右垣一 Tài Wēi Yòu Yuán yī the First Star of Right Wall Beta Virginis[50] Zavijava 右執法 Yòu Zhí Fǎ The Right Law Administrator Right Wall (太微右垣, Tàiwēiyòuyuán) is the asterism in the Supreme Palace enclosure.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Polaris is another possible identity of this star. For example, in Song Dynasty Taoist text Shangqing Dingbao Dafa: "A bright star located right in the middle [of Gōu Chén] is Tiān Huáng Dà Dì." (其下一大星,正居其中,是為天皇大帝也。 Shangqing Lingbao Dafa Volume 4)
  2. ^ Book of Jin, Volume 11. 北三星曰梗河,天矛也。一曰天锋,主胡兵。又为丧,故其变动应以兵丧也。
  3. ^ The same as "天河".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pankenier, David W. Astrology and Cosmology in Early China. Cambridge University Press. p. 457.
  2. ^ Hu Axiang; Li Tianshi; Lu Haiming (2009). Nanjing Tongshi Liuchao Juan (in Chinese). Nanjing: Nanjing Press. ISBN 9787807185642. Archived from the original on 2017-10-05. Retrieved 2017-07-22.
  3. ^ Stephenson, F. Richard (1994). "Chapter 13. Chinese and Korean Star Maps and Catalogs". The history of cartography: Cartography in the traditional east and southeast asian societies (PDF). University of Chicago Press. p. 530. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  4. ^ Sun, Xiaochun. "Identification of Constellations in the Tian Wen Jie Hou Chan Ci Quan Tu". In Chen, Meidong (ed.). Star Charts in Ancient China (in Chinese). Shenyang: Liaoning Education Press. p. 63.
  5. ^ Kistemaker, Jacob; Yang, Zhengzong (1987). "A New Approach to Traditional Chinese Astronomy". Mapping the Sky: Past Heritage and Future Directions: Proceedings of the 133rd Symposium of the International Astronomical Union: 24. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  6. ^ Sun, Xiaochun; Kistemaker, Jacob (1997). The Chinese Sky During the Han: Constellating Stars and Society. Leiden: Brill. p. 98. ISBN 9789004107373.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Naming Stars". IAU.org. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Alcor". LAMOST. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  9. ^ Pankenier, David W. Astrology and Cosmology in Early China. Cambridge University Press. p. 472.
  10. ^ Pankenier, David W. Astrology and Cosmology in Early China. Cambridge University Press. p. 32.
  11. ^ "Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy (天文教育資訊網)" (in Chinese). National Museum of Natural Science. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  12. ^ "WG Triennial Report (2015–2018) - Star Names" (PDF). p. 7. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  13. ^ a b c d (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 9 日
  14. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 14 日
  15. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 28 日
  16. ^ a b c (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 29 日
  17. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Cancer the Crab
  18. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Canis Venatici the Hunting Dogs
  19. ^ a b c d e (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 16 日
  20. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 15 日
  21. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Coma Berenices the Berenice's Hair
  22. ^ a b c (in Chinese)AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 22 日
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 10 日
  24. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 26 日
  25. ^ a b (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 25 日
  26. ^ a b c Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Leo the Lion
  27. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Libra the Scales
  28. ^ a b (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 11 日
  29. ^ Allen (1899) associated the name with Algol. See : Perseus, the Champion
  30. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Perseus
  31. ^ a b (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 7 日
  32. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Sagittarius the Archer
  33. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 30 日
  34. ^ a b (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 10 日
  35. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Scorpius the Scorpion
  36. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Taurus the Bull
  37. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 23 日
  38. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 24 日
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 21 日
  40. ^ a b Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Ursa Major the Great Bear
  41. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 17 日
  42. ^ Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Virgo the Virgin
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 23 日
  44. ^ a b (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 3 日
  45. ^ a b c d (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 11 日
  46. ^ a b c d e f (in Chinese)AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 4 日
  47. ^ a b c d e f Ian Ridpath's Star Tales - Capricornus the Sea Goat
  48. ^ a b c d e (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 18 日
  49. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k (in Chinese)AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 24 日
  50. ^ a b c d e (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 19 日
  51. ^ a b c d e f g (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 15 日