In Greek mythology, Daedalion was a son of Hesperos, or Lucifer, the brother of Ceyx. Ceyx describes his brother Daedalion as a great warrior, full of courage and vigour but acknowledged that he could be harsh, relishing the cruelty of war; the story of Daedalion's life is told in Ovid's Metamorphoses though passing references can be found in other classical works. It is possible. In the tale Daedalion, grief-stricken following the death of his daughter Chione, attempts to cast himself off Mount Parnassus only to be transformed into a hawk by Apollo. Daedalion's daughter Chione was said to be so beautiful that she was the object of a thousand men's desire; as it transpired Chione's admirers were not limited to mortal men. Whilst returning from visits to earth both Apollo and Hermes caught sight of Chione and were filled with a burning lust. Apollo decided to wait until night fell, however Hermes was not so patient. Through the use of magic he proceeded to rape her; that evening Apollo visited her in the guise of an old woman.
As a result of these two divine visitations Chione gave birth to twins. By Hermes she gave birth to Autolycus who grew into charlatan. By Apollo she bore a man famed both for his voice and skill with a lyre; the attentions of not one but two gods led Chione to boast that her beauty exceeded that of Artemis. To avenge this personal slight, not to mention blasphemy, Artemis struck Chione down by shooting an arrow straight through her tongue, her father, was overcome with grief despite his brother's best efforts to console him. At his daughter's funeral Daedalion tried to throw himself onto the pyre three times but was restrained. After a fourth unsuccessful attempt he ran, at an impossible speed, through the fields and the forests, climbed to the summit of Mount Parnassus and jumped. Apollo though took pity on the grieving father, transforming him into a hawk before he could hit the ground, it is said that the hawk's great strength, as well as its propensity for hunting other birds, is a result of Daedalion's former courage and the rage caused by the death of his daughter
Chione is a genus of American tropical marine bivalve molluscs, in the family Veneridae. This is a complete list of the extant species. Extinct fossil species are not listed. Chione amathusia Chione californiensis W. J. Broderip, 1835 - California venus, Banded venus Chione cancellata Linnaeus, 1767 - Cross-barred venus Chione chione Chione cingenda Chione compta T. Say, 1822 Chione elevata W. J. Broderip, 1835 Chione fluctifraga Chione gnidea Chione grus Chione guatulcoensis L. G. Hertlein & Strong, 1948 Chione kellettii Chione mariae Chione mazyckii W. H. Dall, 1902 Chione paphia - King venus Chione picta Willett, 1944 Chione pulicaria Chione purpurissata Dall, 1902 Chione squamosa Chione subimbricata Sowerby, 1835 Chione subrugosa - Semi-rough chione Chione succincta Linnaeus, 1767 Chione tumens A. E. Verrill, 1870 Chione undatella G. B. Sowerby I, 1835 - Frilled venus, Wavy venus "Chione". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Roopnarine, Peter D.. "One species becomes two: The case of Chione cancellata, the resurrected C. elevata, a phylogenetic analysis of Chione".
Journal of Molluscan Studies. 66: 517–534. Doi:10.1093/mollus/66.4.517. Roopnarine, P. D.. "A history of diversification and invasion in Tropical America as derived from species-level phylogenies of chionine genera". Journal of Paleontology. 75: 644–657. Doi:10.1666/0022-3360075<0644:AHODEA>2.0. CO.
In Greek mythology, Priapus was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants and male genitalia. Priapus is marked by his oversized, permanent erection, which gave rise to the medical term priapism, he became a popular figure in Roman erotic art and Latin literature, is the subject of the humorously obscene collection of verse called the Priapeia. Priapus was described as the son of Aphrodite by Dionysus, or the son of Dionysus and Chione as the father or son of Hermes, the son of Zeus or Pan, depending on the source. According to legend, Hera cursed him with inconvenient impotence and foul-mindedness while he was still in Aphrodite's womb, in revenge for the hero Paris having the temerity to judge Aphrodite more beautiful than Hera; the other gods refused to allow him to live on Mount Olympus and threw him down to Earth, leaving him on a hillside. He was found by shepherds and was brought up by them. Priapus joined Pan and the satyrs as a spirit of fertility and growth, though he was perennially frustrated by his impotence.
In a ribald anecdote told by Ovid, he attempted to rape the goddess Hestia but was thwarted by an ass, whose braying caused him to lose his erection at the critical moment and woke Hestia. The episode gave him a lasting hatred of asses and a willingness to see them destroyed in his honour; the emblem of his lustful nature was his large penis. Another myth states that he pursued the nymph Lotis until the gods took pity on her and turned her into a lotus plant; the first extant mention of Priapus is in the eponymous comedy Priapus, written in the 4th century BC by Xenarchus. Worshipped by Greek colonists in Lampsacus in Asia Minor, the cult of Priapus spread to mainland Greece and to Italy during the 3rd century BC. Lucian tells that in Bithynia Priapus was accounted as a warlike god, a rustic tutor to the infant Ares, "who taught him dancing first and war only afterwards," Karl Kerenyi observed. Arnobius is aware of the importance accorded Priapus in this region near the Hellespont. Pausanias notes: This god is worshipped where goats and sheep pasture or there are swarms of bees.
In antiquity, his worship meant little more than a cult of sophisticated pornography. Outside his "home" region in Asia Minor, Priapus was regarded as something of a joke by urban dwellers. However, he played a more important role in the countryside, he was regarded as the patron god of sailors and fishermen and others in need of good luck, his presence was believed to avert the evil eye. Priapus does not appear to have had an organized cult and was worshiped in gardens or homes, though there are attestations of temples dedicated to the god, his sacrificial animal was the ass, but agricultural offerings were very common. Long after the fall of Rome and the rise of Christianity, Priapus continued to be invoked as a symbol of health and fertility; the 13th century Lanercost Chronicle, a history of northern England and Scotland, records a "lay Cistercian brother" erecting a statue of Priapus in an attempt to end an outbreak of cattle disease. In the 1980s, D. F. Cassidy founded the St. Priapus Church as a modern church centred on worship of the phallus.
Priapus' iconic attribute was his priapism. He was represented in a variety of ways, most as a misshapen gnome-like figure with an enormous erect phallus. Statues of Priapus were common in ancient Rome, standing in gardens; the Athenians conflated Priapus with Hermes, the god of boundaries, depicted a hybrid deity with a winged helmet and huge erection. Another attribute of Priapus was the sickle which he carries in his right hand; this too was used to threaten thieves, doubtless with castration: Horace writes: Olim truncus eram ficulnus, inutile lignum,cum faber, incertus scamnum faceretne Priapum,maluit esse deum. deus inde ego, furum aviumquemaxima formido. "Once I was a trunk of fig, a useless piece of wood,when a carpenter, unsure whether he should make a bench or a Priapus,decided to make a god. So I am a god, of thieves and birdsa great scarer. In these, Priapus threatens sexual assault against potential thieves: Percidere, moneo. "I warn you, you will be screwed. "If a woman steals from me, or a man, or a boy, let the first give me her cunt, the second his head, the third his buttocks."per medios ibit pueros mediasque puellas mentula.
"My dick will go through the middle of boys and the middle of girls, but with bearded men it will aim only for the top."A number of Roman paintings of Priapus have survived. One of the most fam
In Greek mythology, the Niobids were the children of Amphion of Thebes and Niobe, slain by Apollo and Artemis because Niobe, born of the royal house of Phrygia, had boastfully compared the greater number of her own offspring with those of Leto, Apollo's and Artemis' mother: a classic example of hubris. The number of Niobids mentioned most numbered twelve or fourteen, but other sources mention twenty, four, or eighteen. Half these children were sons, the other half daughters; the names of some of the children are mentioned. Manto, the seeress daughter of Tiresias, overheard Niobe's remark and bid the Theban women placate Leto, in vain. Apollo and Artemis slew all the children of Niobe with their arrows, Apollo shooting the sons, Artemis the daughters. According to some sources, two of the Niobids who had supplicated Leto were spared: Apollodorus gives their names as Meliboea and Amyclas. Another apparent survivor is Phylomache, mentioned by Apollodorus as one of the two possible spouses of Pelias.
The Niobids were buried by the gods at Thebes. Ovid remarked that all men mourned Amphion, for the extinction of his line, but none mourned Niobe save her brother Pelops. In another version of the myth, the Niobids are the children of Philottus and Niobe, daughter of Assaon; when Niobe dares to argue with Leto about the beauty of her children, Leto comes up with multi-stage punishment. First, Philottus is killed while hunting, her father Assaon makes advances to his own daughter, which she refuses. He burns them all to death; as a result of these calamities, Niobe flings herself from a rock. Assaon, reflecting over his crimes killed himself. Due to their appearance in the mythology of Apollo and female Niobids appeared in classical art. One of the two ivory reliefs added to the doors of the Temple of Apollo Palatinus in its Augustan rebuild depicted their death, they are known from figurative sculpture, examples of which are to be found at the Palazzo Massimo in Rome and in the group of Niobids found in Rome in 1583 along with the Wrestlers and brought to the Uffizi in Florence in 1775.
Parthenius, Love Romances translated by Sir Stephen Gaselee, S. Loeb Classical Library Volume 69. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. 1916. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Ovid, Metamorphoses translated by Brookes More. Boston, Cornhill Publishing Co. 1922. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Apollodorus, The Library, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F. B. A. F. R. S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project
The House of Hades
The House of Hades is a fantasy-adventure novel written by American author Rick Riordan, based on Greek and Roman mythology. It was published on October 8, 2013, is the fourth book in The Heroes of Olympus series, preceded by The Mark of Athena and followed by The Blood of Olympus; the story follows the Greek demigods Annabeth Chase, Leo Valdez, Piper McLean, Percy Jackson. The novel is narrated in third-person, alternating between the points of view by the seven demigods of the "Prophecy of Seven"; the novel received positive reviews from critics for its more-mature themes compared to previous Riordan novels. During the first week of its release, The House of Hades sold about 350,000 copies, reaching the top of the bestseller lists of The New York Times, USA Today, The Globe and Mail and The Wall Street Journal. After Annabeth Chase and Percy Jackson fall into Tartarus at the end of The Mark of Athena, the other five demigods of the "Prophecy of Seven", aided by Nico di Angelo and Coach Hedge, are on their way to Greece to find and close the Doors of Death, so that the monsters of Gaea's army, the primordial goddess of the earth, will not be reborn constantly.
In Bologna, the Argo II, the crew's trireme, is raided by the Kerkopes. He sends the Kerkopes to harass the Roman army massing at Camp Half-Blood. In Venice, Frank and Nico retrieve special barley cakes from Triptolemus, having done several favors for the god. Frank receives the blessing of Mars for his heroism in Venice, becoming physically stronger and much more confident. During a encounter with the bandit Sciron and after a meeting with the goddess Hecate, Hazel learns to manipulate the Mist, a power that alters other people's reality layers by deceiving them. At Jason's behest, the demigods travel to Split to visit the tomb of Diocletian, retrieve his powerful scepter, leave a note for Reyna; the god Cupid, guardian of the scepter, refuses to relinquish it until Nico admits that he once had a crush on Percy Jackson. Sailing through the Adriatic Sea, the ship is attacked by Khione and the Boreads and is only narrowly defended by Piper's newly powerful charmspeaking skills. During the attack, Leo is transported to Ogygia.
Although he leaves the island, Leo promises to return for her. While Leo is detained, the rest of the crew meets with Notus, who helps Jason to realize that he has chosen to be a Greek rather than a Roman demigod, thus settling an internal conflict within himself. Jason gives up his praetorship to Frank in accordance with this decision. Arriving at the Necromanteion, the reunited crew is attacked by Clytius, Pasiphaë, a group of their minions; each of the demigods uses some aspect of their newly strengthened powers or identities to help defeat these monsters. During the questers' journey in the mortal world and Annabeth have been travelling through Tartarus to the other side of the Doors of Death, aided by the Titan Iapetus and a few other beings; as the other demigods fight in the world above and Annabeth's group reaches the Doors and fights the personification of Tartarus to destroy the chains holding the Doors in place. Bob stays behind amongst hordes of angry monsters to defend the Doors while Percy and Annabeth escape.
Once the full quest group is safely reassembled in the mortal world, Reyna arrives on her dying Pegasus. Annabeth says that Reyna, as a Roman, should bring the Athena Parthenos back to Camp Half-Blood to appease both the Greeks and Romans, with Nico and Coach Hedge volunteering to accompany her. Annabeth Chase: A demigod daughter of Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom. Along with her boyfriend Percy, she is trapped in Tartarus during the novel. Frank Zhang: Son of Mars, the Roman god of war, he struggles with the voices of his father and Ares fighting in his head during most of the novel. After defeating all the katoblepones in Venice, he receives the blessing of Mars and peace from the arguing voices, he is dating Hazel Levesque. During the battle against the monsters in the Doors of Death, Jason Grace relinquishes his role as praetor of Camp Jupiter to Frank so that he can be of high enough rank to command an army of ghosts. Hazel Levesque: Demigod daughter of Pluto, the Roman god of the dead and riches.
When Argo II was prevented from crossing the Apennines by Ourae, she met with Hecate, who showed her a northern path to travel, with the condition that Hazel would learn to use the Mist. At the Doors of Death, she uses the Mist against Pasiphaë, recreating the Labyrinth of Daedalus and throwing the sorceress into an imaginary abyss, she defeats the giant Clytius with the help of Hecate. Jason Grace: Demigod son of Jupiter, the Roman aspect of Zeus. In an audition with Auster, the Roman deity of the South Wind, he reveals his preference for Camp Half-Blood instead of Camp Jupiter, the god forces him to commit to his choice. During the battle against the monsters in the Doors of Death, Jason is unable to control the Diocletian's scepter because of his choice. Leo Valdez: Son of Hephaestus, the Greek god of fire and f
The Lost Hero
The Lost Hero is an American fantasy-adventure novel written by Rick Riordan, based on Greek and Roman mythology. It was published on October 12, 2010, is the first book in The Heroes of Olympus series, a spin-off of the Percy Jackson & the Olympians series, it is preceded by The Last Olympian of Percy Jackson & the Olympians and followed by The Son of Neptune. The novel has since been translated into many languages and released as a hardcover, e-book and paperback; the story follows a Roman demigod with no memory of his past. He, along with Piper McLean, a daughter of Aphrodite, Leo Valdez, a son of Hephaestus, are given a quest to rescue Hera, the queen of gods, from the clutches of Gaea, the primordial goddess of the earth, it is the first book in the Camp Half-Blood chronicles to use third-person narration, switching between the points of view of Jason and Leo. The Lost Hero received positive reviews from critics for its complex and mature plot when compared to its predecessors. Criticism was focused on its streched action dialogues.
At its peak, the novel has appeared first on The New York Times bestseller list, the USA Today bestseller list, The Wall Street Journal bestseller list, the Publishers Weekly bestseller list. It was named the best children's book of 2010 by Barnes & Noble and won the Junior Young Reader's Choice Award in 2013. Jason Grace awakens on a school bus, unable to remember anything about his past, he is placed next to his apparent girlfriend and Leo Valdez, his apparent best friend. All three are part of a class field trip to the Grand Canyon, after they arrive, a classmate, turns into a storm spirit and attacks the trio and their trip leader, Coach Gleeson Hedge. In the ensuing fight, Jason battles the spirit and surprises everyone with his powers. A flying chariot with two demigods appear on the scene; the female demigod, Annabeth Chase, expresses her frustration upon seeing that her missing boyfriend, Percy Jackson, is not there as she expected. Jason and Leo are told that they are Greek demigods and are taken back to Camp Half-Blood.
There, Leo is revealed as a son of Hephaestus, Piper as a daughter of Aphrodite and Jason as a son of Zeus, though Hera tells him he is her champion. Leo, who has the rare ability to conjure fire, does not use nor tell anyone about it out of guilt about his mother's death seven years prior. Meanwhile, Jason finds out about his sister Thalia Grace, a daughter of Zeus and lieutenant of the Hunters of Artemis. In the woods, Leo rejuvenates it. Shortly thereafter, the three are given a quest to rescue Hera from danger. After encountering Boreas, Piper and Leo soon discover that their enemies are working under orders from Gaea, the Greek primordial goddess of the Earth, to overthrow the gods. Throughout their journey, they overcome numerous obstacles and manage to save Coach Hedge. During their quest, they meet Thalia and the Hunters, who have been looking for Percy. Thalia and Jason have a reunion, the first since Jason was two, but soon get separated on the way to Aelous's castle. After being imprisoned by Aeolus under Gaea's orders, the trio manage to escape and end up in San Francisco.
They defeat Enceladus at Mount Diablo and rescue Piper's father, being held captive. Jason and Leo, with the Hunters of Artemis, travel to the Wolf House and defeats the forces of Gaea, saving Hera, they temporarily stall Gaea's plans, but were unable to destroy the ancient beings. Meanwhile, at camp, Leo creates plans for a ship that would sail to Greece, the Hephaestus campers decide to undergo the project, appointing Leo as their new counselor. With part of his memory returned, Jason realizes that he is a son of Jupiter, a hero from a Roman counterpart camp to Camp Half-Blood called Camp Jupiter somewhere near San Francisco, California. Hera, known as Juno to the Romans, has switched him with the Greek hero Percy Jackson, now at the Roman camp with no memory of his previous life. Camp Half-Blood and Camp Jupiter always had a ruthless rivalry. Jason Grace – demigod son of Jupiter; the younger brother of Thalia Grace, Jason suffers from amnesia and is inclined to call the gods by their Roman names.
He harbors feelings for Piper McLean. Piper McLean – daughter of Aphrodite and Tristan McLean, a Cherokee film actor, she is in love with Jason Grace and has a dagger named Katoptris wielded by Helen of Troy. She has the rare gift of charmspeak. Leo Valdez – son of Hephaestus and Esperanza Valdez, he has a magical tool belt that will produce any tool that can be found in an average mechanical shop. He can create fire from nothing, a rare ability sometimes found in Hephaestus's children. Annabeth Chase – demigod daughter of Athena, she rescues Jason and Leo while on the search for Percy Jackson, her missing boyfriend. Coach Gleeson Hedge – satyr, assigned to watch over two demigods and Leo, until they could be safely brought to Camp Half-Blood, has to guard a third, Jason, he is taken captive after saving Leo's life twice. After realizing how many Greek and Roman myths he had left untouched as well the immense success of the original series, Riordan began writing a second series, using inspiration for his storyline from experiences that he and his children had while playing video and role-playing games such as World of Warcraft and Scion.
After creating the storyline, Riordan created three new main characters—Jason and Leo—but continued to use the previous main characters such as Annabeth and Grover as secondary characters. Unlike the Percy Jackson