Arnold Daniel Palmer was an American professional golfer, regarded as one of the greatest and most charismatic players in the sport's history. Dating back to 1955, he won numerous events on both the PGA Tour and the circuit now known as PGA Tour Champions. Nicknamed The King, he was one of golf's most popular stars and seen as a trailblazer, the first superstar of the sport's television age, which began in the 1950s. Palmer's social impact on behalf of golf was unrivaled among fellow professionals. Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Gary Player were "The Big Three" in golf during the 1960s. In a career spanning more than six decades, he won 62 PGA Tour titles from 1955 to 1973; as of today, he is fifth on the Tour's all-time victory list, trailing only Sam Snead, Tiger Woods, Jack Nicklaus, Ben Hogan. He won seven major titles in a six-plus-year domination from the 1958 Masters to the 1964 Masters, he won the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998, in 1974 was one of the 13 original inductees into the World Golf Hall of Fame.
Palmer was born to Doris and Milfred Jerome "Deacon" Palmer in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, a working-class steel mill town. He learned golf from his father, who had suffered from polio at a young age and was head professional and greenskeeper at Latrobe Country Club, which allowed young Palmer to accompany his father as he maintained the course. Palmer attended Wake Forest College on a golf scholarship, he left upon the death of close friend Bud Worsham and enlisted in the U. S. Coast Guard, where he served for three years, 1951–1954. At the Coast Guard Training Center in Cape May, New Jersey, he built a nine-hole course and had some time to continue to hone his golf skills. After his enlistment term ended, Palmer returned to college and competitive golf. Palmer won the 1954 U. S. made the decision to turn pro in November of that year. "That victory was the turning point in my life," he said. "It gave me confidence I could compete at the highest level of the game." When reporters there asked Gene Littler who the young golfer was, cracking balls on the practice tee, Littler said: "That's Arnold Palmer.
He's going to be a great player some day. When he hits the ball, the earth shakes."After winning that match, Palmer quit his job selling paint and played in the Waite Memorial tournament in Shawnee-on-Delaware, Pennsylvania. There, he met his future wife, Winifred Walzer, they remained married for 45 years until her death in 1999. On November 17, 1954, Palmer announced his intentions to turn pro. "What other people find in poetry, I find in the flight of a good drive," Palmer said. Palmer's first tour win came during his 1955 rookie season, when he won the Canadian Open and earned $2,400 for his efforts, he raised his game status for the next several seasons. Palmer's charisma was a major factor in establishing golf as a compelling television event in the 1950s and 1960s, which set the stage for the popularity it enjoys today, his first major championship win at the 1958 Masters Tournament, where he earned $11,250, established his position as one of the leading stars in golf, by 1960 he had signed up as pioneering sports agent Mark McCormack's first client.
In interviews, McCormack listed five attributes that made Palmer marketable: his good looks. Palmer is credited by many for securing the status of The Open Championship among U. S. players. Before Ben Hogan won that championship in 1953, few American professionals had traveled to play in The Open, due to its extensive travel requirements small purse, the style of its links courses. Palmer wanted to emulate the feats of his predecessors Bobby Jones, Sam Snead and Hogan in his quest to become a leading American golfer. In particular, Palmer traveled to Scotland in 1960 to compete in the British Open for the first time, he had won both the Masters and U. S. Open and was trying to emulate Hogan's 1953 feat of winning all three tournaments in a single year. Palmer played what he himself said were the four best rounds of his career, shooting 71-69-67-69, his scores had the English excitedly claiming that Palmer may well be the greatest golfer to play the game. British fans were excited about Palmer's playing in the Open.
Although he failed to win, losing out to Kel Nagle by a single shot, his subsequent Open wins in the early 1960s convinced many American pros that a trip to Britain would be worth the effort, secured Palmer's popularity among British and European fans, not just American ones. Palmer was disappointed by his runner-up finish in the 1960 British Open, his appearance overseas drew American attention to the Open Championship, ignored by the American golfers. Palmer went on to win the Open Championship in 1961 and 1962, last played in it in 1995. Martin Slumbers, chief executive of the Royal & Ancient, called Palmer "a true gentleman, one of the greatest to play the game and a iconic figure in sport", his participation in The Open Championship in the early 1960s "was the catalyst to int
Sugar Ray Leonard
Ray Charles Leonard, best known as "Sugar" Ray Leonard, is an American former professional boxer, motivational speaker, occasional actor. Regarded as one of the greatest boxers of all time, he competed from 1977 to 1997, winning world titles in five weight divisions. Leonard was part of "The Fabulous Four", a group of boxers who all fought each other throughout the 1980s, consisting of himself, Roberto Durán, Thomas Hearns and Marvin Hagler. "The Fabulous Four" created a wave of popularity in the lower weight classes that kept boxing relevant in the post-Muhammad Ali era, during which Leonard defeated future fellow International Boxing Hall of Fame inductees Hearns, Durán, Wilfred Benítez. Leonard was the first boxer to earn more than $100 million in purses, was named "Boxer of the Decade" in the 1980s; the Ring magazine named him Fighter of the Year in 1979 and 1981, while the Boxing Writers Association of America named him Fighter of the Year in 1976, 1979, 1981. In 2002, Leonard was voted by The Ring as the ninth greatest fighter of the last 80 years.
Sugar Ray Leonard is ranked #2 greatest welterweight boxer of all time and #11 greatest boxer of all time by Boxing Action Magazine. Leonard, the fifth of seven children of Cicero and Getha Leonard, was born in Wilmington, North Carolina, he was named after his mother's favorite singer. The family moved to Washington, D. C. when he was three, they settled permanently in Palmer Park, Maryland when he was ten. His father worked as his mother was a nurse, he attended Parkdale High School, Leonard was a shy child, aside from the time he nearly drowned in a creek during a flood in Seat Pleasant, his childhood was uneventful. He stayed home a lot, playing with his dog, his mother said: "He never did talk too much. We never could tell, but I never had any problems with him. I never had to go to school once because of him." Leonard started boxing at the Palmer Park Recreation Center in 1969. His older brother, started boxing first. Roger helped urging the center's director, Ollie Dunlap, to form a team. Dave Jacobs, a former boxer, Janks Morton volunteered as boxing coaches.
Roger won some showed them off in front of Ray, goading him to start boxing. In 1972, Leonard boxed in the featherweight quarterfinals of the National AAU Tournament, losing by decision to Jerome Artis, it was his first defeat. That year, he boxed in the Eastern Olympic Trials; the rules stated that a boxer had to be seventeen to box in international competition, so Leonard, only sixteen, lied about his age. He made it to the lightweight semifinals, losing a disputed decision to Greg Whaley, who took such a beating that he wasn't allowed to continue in the trials and never boxed again. Sarge Johnson, assistant coach of the US Olympic Boxing Team, said to Dave Jacobs, "That kid you got is sweet as sugar"; the nickname stuck. However, given his style and first name, it was only a matter of time before people started calling him Sugar Ray, after the man many consider to be the best boxer of all time, Sugar Ray Robinson. In 1973, Leonard won the National Golden Gloves Lightweight Championship, but lost to Randy Shields in the lightweight final of the National AAU Tournament.
The following year, Leonard won the National Golden Gloves and National AAU Lightweight Championships. Leonard suffered his last two losses as an amateur in 1974, he lost a disputed decision to Anatoli Kamnev in Moscow, after which, Kamnev gave the winner's trophy to Leonard. In Poland, Kazimierz Szczerba was given a decision victory over Leonard though he was dominated in the first two rounds and dropped three times in the third. Leonard won the National Golden Gloves and National AAU Light Welterweight Championships in 1974; the following year, he again won the National AAU Light Welterweight Championship, as well as the Light Welterweight Championship at the Pan American Games. In 1976, Leonard made the U. S. Olympic Team as the light welterweight representative; the team included Leon and Michael Spinks, Howard Davis, Jr. Leo Randolph, Charles Mooney, John Tate. Many consider the 1976 U. S. team to be the greatest boxing team in the history of the Olympics. Leonard won his first four Olympic bouts by 5–0 decisions.
He faced Kazimierz Szczerba in the semifinals and won by a 5–0 decision, avenging his last amateur loss. In the final, Leonard boxed the great Cuban knockout artist Andrés Aldama, who scored five straight knockouts to reach the final. Leonard landed several good left hooks in the first round. In the second, he dropped Aldama with a left to the chin. Late in the final round, he again hurt Aldama, which brought a standing eight count from the referee. With only a few seconds left in the fight, a Leonard combination forced another standing eight count. Leonard was awarded a 5 -- the Olympic Gold Medal. Afterward, Leonard announced, "I'm finished... I've fought my last fight. My journey has ended, my dream is fulfilled. Now I want to go to school." He was given a scholarship to the University of Maryland, a gift from the citizens of Glenarden, Maryland. He planned to study communications, he finished his amateur career with a record of 145–5 and 75 KOs. 1973 National Golden Gloves Lightweight Champion, defeating Hilmer Kenty 1973 National AAU Light Welterweight Championship runner-up, losing to Randy Shields 1974 National Golden Gloves Light Welterweight Champion, defeating Jeff Lemeir 1974 National AAU Light Welterweight Champion, defeating
Jack William Nicklaus, nicknamed The Golden Bear, is a retired American professional golfer. Many observers regard him as the greatest golfer of all time. During a span of more than 25 years, he won a record 18 major championships. Nicklaus focused on the major championships—Masters Tournament, U. S. Open, Open Championship and PGA Championship—and played a selective schedule of regular PGA Tour events, he finished with 73 victories, third on the all-time list behind Tiger Woods. Nicklaus won the U. S. Amateur in 1959 and 1961 and challenged for the 1960 U. S. Open, where he finished in second place, two shots behind Arnold Palmer. Nicklaus turned professional at age 21 toward the end of 1961, he earned his first professional win at the 1962 U. S. Open; this win over Palmer began the on-course rivalry between the two golf superstars. In 1966, Nicklaus won the Masters Tournament for the second year in a row, becoming the first golfer to achieve this distinction, won The Open Championship, completing his career slam of major championships.
At age 26, he became the youngest to do so at the time. He won another Open Championship in 1970. Between 1971 and 1980, he won an additional nine major championships, overtook Bobby Jones' record of 13 majors, became the first player to complete double and triple career slams of golf's four professional major championships; when Nicklaus claimed his 18th and final major championship at age 46 at the 1986 Masters, he became the tournament's oldest winner. Nicklaus joined the Senior PGA Tour when he became eligible in January 1990, by April 1996 had won 10 tournaments, including eight major championships despite playing a limited schedule, he continued to play at least some of the four regular Tour majors until 2005, when he made his final appearances at the Masters Tournament and The Open Championship. Nicklaus has taken part in various other activities, including golf course design, charity work and book writing, he is a member of the American Society of Golf Course Architects and has helped design courses such as Harbour Town Golf Links.
Nicklaus runs his own event on the PGA Tour, the Memorial Tournament. His golf course design company is one of the largest in the world. Nicklaus' books vary from instructional to autobiographical, with his Golf My Way considered one of the best instructional golf books of all time. Nicklaus was born in Columbus and grew up in the suburb of Upper Arlington, he is of German descent, the son of Helen and Charlie Nicklaus, a pharmacist who ran several businesses named Nicklaus Drug Store. Charlie was a skilled all-round athlete who had played football for the Ohio State Buckeyes and had gone on to play semi-professional football under an assumed name for the Portsmouth Spartans. Charlie had been a scratch golfer and local tennis champion in his youth. Charlie Nicklaus died of pancreatic cancer at age fifty six. Nicklaus was raised in Upper Arlington and attended Upper Arlington High School, whose nickname and mascot are coincidentally the Golden Bears. In his senior year, Nicklaus was an honorable mention All-Ohio selection in basketball as a shooting guard, he received some recruiting interest from college basketball programs, including Ohio State.
During his youth, he competed in football, baseball and track and field. Nicklaus took up golf at the age of 10, scoring a 51 at Scioto Country Club for his first nine holes played. Charlie Nicklaus had joined Scioto that same year, returning to golf to help heal a volleyball injury. Jack Nicklaus was coached at Scioto by club pro Jack Grout, a Texas-developed contemporary of golf greats Byron Nelson and Ben Hogan. Nicklaus overcame a mild case of polio as a 13-year-old. Nicklaus won the first of five straight Ohio State Junior titles at the age of 12. At 13, he broke 70 at Scioto Country Club for the first time, became that year's youngest qualifier into the U. S. Junior Amateur, he had earned a handicap of +3 at the lowest in the Columbus area. Nicklaus won the Tri-State High School Championship at the age of 14 with a round of 68, recorded his first hole-in-one in tournament play the same year. At 15, Nicklaus shot a 66 at Scioto Country Club, the amateur course record, qualified for his first U.
S. Amateur, he won the Ohio Open in 1956 at age 16, highlighted by a phenomenal third round of 64, competing against professionals. In all, Nicklaus won 27 events in the Ohio area from age 10 to age 17. In 1957, Nicklaus won the International Jaycee Junior Golf Tournament, having lost the previous year in a playoff. Nicklaus competed in his first of 44 consecutive U. S. Opens that year, but missed the cut. In 1958 at age 18, he competed in his first PGA Tour event, the Rubber City Open, at Akron, tying for 12th place after being just one out of the lead at the 36-hole mark, made the cut in the U. S. Open, tying for 41st place. Nicklaus won two Trans-Mississippi Amateurs – in 1958 at Prairie Dunes Country Club and 1959 at Woodhill Country Club, with final match victories of 9 & 8 and 3 & 2, respectively. In 1959, Nicklaus won the North and South Amateur at Pinehurst, North Carolina and competed in three additional PGA Tour events, with his best finish being another 12th place showing at the Buick Open.
While attending Ohio State, he won the U. S. Amateur twice, an NCAA C
Wake Forest Demon Deacons football
The Wake Forest Demon Deacons football team represents Wake Forest University in the sport of American football. The Demon Deacons compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Atlantic Division of the Atlantic Coast Conference. Wake Forest plays its home football games at BB&T Field and is coached by Dave Clawson. Wake Forest struggled in football for much of the second half of the 20th century; the university is the sixth-smallest school in FBS in terms of undergraduate enrollment. It is the smallest school playing in a Power Five conference. However, since the start of the 21st century, the Deacons have been competitive; the Deacons won the Military Bowl in 2016, the Belk Bowl in 2017, the Birmingham Bowl in 2018. Wake Forest first fielded a football team in 1888; the team was coached by W. C. Dowd and W. C. Riddick; that team played only one game, went 1–0, a victory against North Carolina in the first-ever collegiate football game played in the state of North Carolina.
From 1891 to 1893, under head coach E. Walter Sikes, Wake Forest posted a 6–2–1 record. Harry Rabenhorst coached Wake Forest for two seasons. Hank Garrity served as head football coach from 1923–1924, he compiled a 19–7–1 record in those two seasons. His.704 winning percentage is the highest in Wake Forest football history. F. S. Miller served as Wake Forest's head football coach for four seasons, posting a record of 18–15–4, his first two seasons were winning seasons, 6–5–1 and 5–3–1, respectively. Jim Weaver, who would become the ACC's first commissioner, coached the Demon Deacons football team for four seasons, his final record is 10–23–1. Peahead Walker came to the Demon Deacons from Elon and was Wake Forest's head football coach for fourteen seasons, compiling a record of 77–51–6, he is tied with Jim Grobe as the winningest head football coach in Demon Deacon football history. Walker led the Deacons to two bowl games, a win over South Carolina in the inaugural Gator Bowl in 1946 and a loss to Baylor in the 1949 Dixie Bowl.
He resigned after the 1950 season and was inducted into the Wake Forest Athletics Hall of Fame in 1971. Tom Rogers led the Demon Deacons from 1951–1955, succeeding Walker. Rogers yearly records at Wake Forest were 6–4, 5–4–1, 3–6–1, 4–7–1 and 5–4–1. In 1951, the Demon Deacons compiled a 6–4 record and finished in a tie for seventh place in the Southern Conference. End Jack Lewis and linebacker Bill George were selected by the Associated Press as first-team players on the 1951 All-Southern Conference football team. In their second season under Rogers, the Demon Deacons compiled a 5–4–1 record and finished in a tie for second place in the Southern Conference with a 5–1 record against conference opponents. End Jack Lewis was selected by the United Press as a first-team player on the 1952 All-Southern Conference football team; this was followed by a 3–6–1 campaign in 1953 that saw Wake Forest finish in a three-way tie for third place in the Atlantic Coast Conference with a 2–3 record against conference opponents.
In 1954, the Demon Deacons compiled a 3–6–1 record and finished in sixth place in the Atlantic Coast Conference with a 1–4–1 record against conference opponents. End Ed Stowers and tackle Bob Bartholomew were selected by the Associated Press as first-team players on the 1954 All-Atlantic Coast Conference football team. Bartholomew was the only unanimous selection by all 43 voters. In 1955, their fifth season under Rogers, the Demon Deacons compiled a 5–4–1 record and finished in fourth place in the Atlantic Coast Conference with a 3–3–1 record against conference opponents. Tackle Bob Bartholomew was selected by both the Associated Press and the United Press International as a first-team player on the 1955 All-Atlantic Coast Conference football team. Rogers was replaced as Wake Forest head coach after five seasons. Paul Amen, who succeeded Rogers, came to Wake Forest from his post as an assistant at Army and struggled but managed to go 6–4 in his final season, his only winning record, he coached the Demon Deacons from 1956–1959.
In their first season under Amen, the Demon Deacons compiled a 2–5–3 record and finished in seventh place in the Atlantic Coast Conference with a 1–5–1 record against conference opponents. Halfback Billy Ray Barnes rushed for over 1,000 yards and was selected by the Associated Press as a first-team player on the 1956 All-Atlantic Coast Conference football team. Amen's 1957 team posted a winless 0–10 record; this was followed by a 3–7 season in 1958. In 1958, the Demon Deacons compiled a 6–4 record and finished in a tie for fourth place in the Atlantic Coast Conference. Quarterback Norm Snead and end Pete Manning were selected by the Associated Press and United Press International as first-team players on the 1959 All-Atlantic Coast Conference football team. Snead played 16 seasons in the NFL and was a four-time All-Pro selection. Guard Nick Patella was selected to the All-ACC team by the UPI. Amen was selected in 1956 and 1959 as ACC Coach of the Year, Amen retired after four seasons. Billy Hildebrand was promoted from defensive line coach to head coach following Amen's retirement.
Hildebrand, like his predecessors, struggled to find much success. His best season came in 1961. In its first season under Hildebrand, the Demon Deacons compiled a 2–8 record and finished in seventh place in the Atlantic Coast Conference. Quarterback Norm Snead was selected by the United Press International as a first-team player on the 1960 All-Atlantic Coast Conference football team. Snead played 16 seasons in the NFL and was a four-time All-Pro selection. In 1961, its second season under head coach Hildebrand, t
Jerry Ray Lucas is an American former basketball great and noted memory education expert. He was a nationally-awarded high school player, national college star at Ohio State, 1960 gold medal Olympian and international player before starring as a professional player in the National Basketball Association; as a collegian, Lucas led the Ohio State Buckeyes to the 1960 college national championship and three straight NCAA finals. He remains today the only three-time Big Ten Player of the Year, was twice named NCAA Player of the Year; as a professional, Lucas was named All-NBA First Team three times, an NBA All-Star seven times, was 1964 NBA Rookie of the Year, was named Most Valuable Player of the 1965 NBA All-Star Game among other honors and awards. He was inducted to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1980. After his basketball career ended in the mid-1970s, Lucas took to becoming a teacher and writer in the area of image-based memory education, his book written with Harry Lorayne, The Memory Book, was a national best-seller.
Lucas has conducted seminars demonstrating memory techniques, has written 30 books and educational products and games for children. Lucas was born in a community of 30,000 + halfway between Dayton and Cincinnati. Middletown called itself " The Basketball Capital of Ohio", based on the success of the basketball teams from the town's one high school; the Middies had won five Ohio state high school championships, 1945–55, before Lucas played at Middletown High. Local support for the team was remarkably high in the mid-1950s. A tall youth, Lucas was encouraged to take up the game and soon dedicated himself to the town's game. In addition to strong local support for Middletown High basketball, the city was home to a remarkable summer outdoor basketball scene that had developed at Sunset Park. Previous Middletown players who had gone on to play at the college level had recruited other college players to play there in the summer. By the time Lucas was age 15 in 1955, Sunset Park was one of the best summer basketball scenes in the region.
By Lucas had grown to 6'7" and had the opportunity to scrimmage against these college players, advancing his game greatly. Lucas was, in fact, outplaying college-level big men before he played his first game for Middletown High; the budding basketball star had, by also started to display a remarkable, if unusual intelligence. A straight-A student with a penchant for memorizing his school work, Lucas had started to develop memory games for himself as early as age nine. One trick he would be known for was his ability to take words apart and reassemble them in alphabetical order. "Basketball" became "aabbekllst". He applied his intelligence to his coaching in the game. Lucas started play at Middletown as a sophomore in the 1955–56 season, his coach, Paul Walker, had led three Ohio state champions, Lucas found himself surrounded by a strong team and teammates at Middletown. Still just 15 years old, Lucas focused on a game of rebounding and passing but still became a scoring star anyway, his fame as a player spread across Ohio as early as January, 1956.
At this young age, Lucas was a remarkable athlete who could play above the rim. Middletown's schedule featured strong teams from Cincinnati and Columbus and remained undefeated. A February game held at Cincinnati Gardens against rival Hamilton, itself a nearby former state champion, drew over 13,000 at a time in the game's history when crowd sizes of that kind were uncommon at any level of the game; the two state powers repeated that feat there in 1958. In addition to a rare ability to rebound the ball, Lucas made 60% of his shots from the floor and 75% of his many free throws. Wearing the number #13, he would be compared to Wilt Chamberlain during his Middletown years; the 1955-56 Middletown team went undefeated, winning the state championship, the 1956-57 team did too. He suffered just one loss as a senior. But, after a state-record 76 straight wins over three years that saw Lucas and Middletown elevated to a remarkable level of fame within the state. Though he did not shoot Lucas carried a 34-point scoring through his high school years, received national press when he surpassed Chamberlain's high school total in points.
As Middletown played top prep teams from around the state, the fame of Lucas and Middletown spread through each stop. At Cleveland Arena, over 12,000 saw him score 53 as his Middies topped an undefeated Cleveland East Tech team there in the 1956 state playoffs. In 1957, over 15,000 saw his team top Toledo Macomber in another state playoff game at Saint John Arena the home floor of the collegiate Ohio State Buckeyes; these and other performances led Lucas to receive scholarship offers from more than 150 colleges, a remarkable total within the condition of the game at that time. He was considered the most publicized high school player in America to his time when he graduated from Middletown High in 1958, having won a number of national awards, he was state champion in the discus in 1958, a member of the National Honor Society as a student. Lucas was the subject of considerable recruiting interest while at Middletown, to such a degree that measures were taken to protect the privacy of Lucas and his family.
When he announced for Ohio State, he became the center of a legendary recruiting class in 1958 that included two more future Hall of Famers in player John Havlicek and future coach Bob Knight. Mel Nowell join the group as well, giving the group three future NBA players s well with Lucas and Havlicek. Buckeyes freshman coach Fred Taylor helped all four feel comfortable with coming to Ohio Stat
Stanley Frank Musial, nicknamed Stan the Man, was an American baseball outfielder and first baseman. He spent 22 seasons in Major League Baseball playing for the St. Louis Cardinals, from 1941 to 1944 and 1946 to 1963. Considered to be one of the greatest and most consistent hitters in baseball history, Musial was a first-ballot inductee into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1969, was selected to the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame in the inaugural class of 2014. Musial batted.331 over the course of his career and set National League records for career hits, runs batted in, games played, at bats, runs scored and doubles. His 475 career home runs ranked second in NL history behind Mel Ott's total of 511, his 6,134 total bases remained a major league record until surpassed by Hank Aaron, his hit total still ranks fourth all-time, is the highest by any player who spent his career with only one team. A seven-time batting champion with identical totals of 1,815 hits at home and 1,815 hits on the road, he was named the National League's Most Valuable Player three times and led St. Louis to three World Series championships.
He shares the major league record for the most All-Star Games played with Hank Aaron and Willie Mays. Musial was born in Donora, where he played baseball informally or in organized settings, played on the baseball team at Donora High School. Signed to a professional contract by the St. Louis Cardinals as a pitcher in 1938, Musial had arm problems and performed erratically on the mound for two seasons. On the recommendation of minor league manager Dickie Kerr, Musial was converted into an outfielder and made his major league debut in 1941. Noted for his unique batting stance, he established himself as a consistent and productive hitter. In his first full season, 1942, the Cardinals won the World Series; the following year, he led the NL in six different offensive categories and earned his first MVP award. He was named to the NL All-Star squad for the first time. Musial won his second World Series championship in 1944 missed the entire 1945 season while serving in the Navy. After completing his military service during the war, Musial returned to baseball in 1946 and resumed his consistent hitting.
That year he earned third World Series title. His third MVP award came in 1948, when he finished one home run short of winning baseball's Triple Crown. After struggling offensively in 1959, Musial used a personal trainer to help maintain his productivity until he decided to retire in 1963. At the time of his retirement, he held or shared 17 major league records, 29 National League records, nine All-Star Game records. In 1964, the season following his retirement, the Cardinals went on to defeat the New York Yankees in an epic 7-game clash, for St. Louis' first World Series championship in nearly two decades. In addition to overseeing businesses, such as a restaurant both before and after his playing career, Musial served as the Cardinals' general manager in 1967, winning the pennant and World Series quitting that position, he became noted for his harmonica playing, a skill he acquired during his playing career. Known for his modesty and sportsmanship, Musial was selected for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999.
In February 2011, President Barack Obama presented Musial with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian awards that can be bestowed on a person by the United States government. Musial was born in Donora, the fifth of the six children of Lukasz and Mary Musiał, his mother was of Carpatho-Rusyn descent and his father was a Polish immigrant who chose the name Stanisław Franciszek for his first son, though his father always referred to Musial using the Polish nickname Stasiu, pronounced "Stashu". Musial played baseball with his brother Ed and other friends during his childhood, considered Lefty Grove his favorite ballplayer. Musial had the benefit of learning about baseball from his neighbor Joe Barbao, a former minor league pitcher; when he enrolled in school, his name was formally changed to Stanley Frank Musial. At age 15 Musial joined the Donora Zincs, a semi-professional team managed by Barbao. In his Zincs debut he struck out 13 batters, all of them adults. Musial played one season on the newly revived Donora High School baseball team, where one of his teammates was Buddy Griffey, father of MLB player Ken Griffey Sr. and grandfather to Ken Griffey Jr.
Baseball statistician Bill James described the younger Griffey, in comparison to Musial, as "the second-best left-handed hitting, left-handed throwing outfielder born in Donora, Pennsylvania, on November 21." His exploits as a rising player in Pennsylvania earned him the nickname "The Donora Greyhound". Musial played basketball and was offered an athletic scholarship in that sport by the University of Pittsburgh. Meanwhile, the St. Louis Cardinals had scouted Musial as a pitcher and, in 1937, offered him a professional contract after a workout with their Class D Penn State League affiliate. Musial's father resisted the idea of his son pursuing a baseball career, but reluctantly gave his consent after lobbying by both Musial and his mother. Musial credited his school librarian Helen Kloz for pointing out that baseball was his dream and advising him to pursue it professionally. In what was a common
George Thomas Seaver, nicknamed Tom Terrific and The Franchise, is an American professional baseball pitcher. He pitched in Major League Baseball from 1967 to 1986 for the New York Mets, Cincinnati Reds, Chicago White Sox, Boston Red Sox, he played a role in the Mets' victory in the 1969 World Series. With the Mets, Seaver won the National League's Rookie of the Year Award in 1967, won three NL Cy Young Awards as the league's best pitcher, he is a 12-time All-Star. Seaver is the Mets' all-time leader in wins, he threw a no-hitter in 1978. During a 20-year MLB career, Seaver compiled 311 wins, 3,640 strikeouts, 61 shutouts and a 2.86 earned run average. In 1992, Seaver was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame by the highest percentage of votes recorded at the time, he is one of two players wearing a New York Mets hat on his plaque in the Hall of Fame. He is a member of the New York Mets Hall of Fame and the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame. Seaver was born in California, to Betty Lee and Charles Henry Seaver.
He attended Fresno High School, played in the school's baseball team as a pitcher. Seaver compensated for his lack of strength by developing great control on the mound. Despite being an All-City basketball player, he hoped to play baseball in college, he joined the United States Marine Corps Reserves on June 28, 1962. He served with AIRFMFPAC 29 Palms, through July 1963. After six months of active duty in the Reserves, Seaver enrolled at Fresno City College; the University of Southern California recruited Seaver to play college baseball for the USC Trojans. Unsure as to whether Seaver was worthy of a scholarship, he was sent to pitch for the Alaska Goldpanners of Fairbanks, Alaska, in 1964. After a stellar season – in which he pitched and won a game in the national tournament with a grand slam – he was awarded a scholarship to USC; as a sophomore, Seaver posted a 10–2 record, he was drafted in the tenth round of the 1965 Major League Baseball draft by the Los Angeles Dodgers. When Seaver asked for $70,000, the Dodgers passed.
In 1966, Seaver signed a professional contract with the Atlanta Braves, who had drafted him in the first round of the secondary June draft. However, the contract was voided by Baseball Commissioner William Eckert because his college team had played two exhibition games that year. Seaver intended to finish the college season, but because he had signed a pro contract, the NCAA ruled him ineligible. After Seaver's father complained to Eckert about the unfairness of the situation, threatened with a lawsuit, Eckert ruled that other teams could match the Braves' offer; the Mets were subsequently awarded his signing rights in a lottery drawing among the three teams that were willing to match the Braves' terms. Seaver spent one season with the Jacksonville Suns of the International League joined the New York Mets in 1967, he was named to the 1967 All-Star Game, got the save by pitching a scoreless 15th inning. Seaver won 16 games for the last-place Mets, with 18 complete games, 170 strikeouts, a 2.76 earned run average, all Mets' records to that point, was named the National League Rookie of the Year.
Seaver started for the Mets on Opening Day in 1968. He won 16 games again during that season, recorded over 200 strikeouts for the first of nine consecutive seasons, but the Mets moved up only one spot in the standings, to ninth. In 1969, Seaver won his first National League Cy Young Award, he finished runner-up to Willie McCovey for the League's Most Valuable Player Award. In front of a crowd of over 59,000 at New York's Shea Stadium on July 9, Seaver threw 8 1⁄3 perfect innings against the division-leading Chicago Cubs. Rookie backup outfielder Jim Qualls broke up Seaver's bid for a perfect game when he lined a clean single to left field. In the 1969 National League Championship Series, Seaver outlasted Atlanta's Phil Niekro in the first game a 9–5 victory. Seaver was the starter for Game One of the 1969 World Series, but lost a 4–1 decision to the Baltimore Orioles' Mike Cuellar. Seaver pitched a 10-inning complete game for a 2–1 win in Game Four; the Mets won the series. At year's end, Seaver was presented with the Hickok Belt as the top professional athlete of the year and Sports Illustrated magazine's "Sportsman of the Year" award.
On April 22, 1970, Seaver set a major league record by striking out the final 10 batters of the game in a 2–1 victory over the San Diego Padres at Shea Stadium. Al Ferrara, who had homered in the second inning for the Padres' run, was the final strikeout victim of the game. In addition to his 10 consecutive strikeouts, Seaver tied Steve Carlton's major league record, at the time, with 19 strikeouts in a nine-inning game; the Mets won the game in which Carlton struck out 19, with Carlton victimized by Ron Swoboda's pair of 2-run homers in a 4–3 Mets' victory in St. Louis on September 15, 1969. By mid-August, Seaver's record stood at 17–6 and he seemed well on his way to a second consecutive 20-victory season, but he only won one of his last ten starts, including four on short rest, to finish 18–12. Nonetheless, Seaver led the National League in both strikeouts. In 1971, Seaver led the league in earned run average and strikeouts while going 20–10. However, he finished second in the Cy Young balloting to Ferguson Jenkins of the Chicago Cubs, due to Jenkins' league-leading 24 wins, 325 innings pitched, exceptional control numbers.