Area code 907
Area code 907 covers the state of Alaska, except for the small southeastern community of Hyder, which uses area codes 236, 250 and 778 of neighboring Stewart, British Columbia. Despite having telephone service to the contiguous US via a terrestrial line from Juneau since 1937, Alaska was not included in the North American Numbering Plan until after the Alaska submarine cable was opened for traffic in 1956; the Alaska numbering plan area was assigned the area code 907, entered service in 1957. The Alaska numbering plan area is geographically the largest of any in the United States, it is the second-largest on the NANP and on the entire North American continent behind 867, which serves Canada's northern territories. Because the Aleutian Islands of Alaska cross longitude 180, the Anti-Meridian, 907 may be considered to be both the farthest west and the farthest east of all area codes in the NANP. Due to Alaska's low population, 907 is one of only 12 remaining area codes serving an entire state.
It is not projected to be exhausted until 2029. Many calls within Alaska are long-distance calls and must be dialed with the leading 1-907, except for cellphone services. Local calls and cellphone calls for long-distance service within Alaska, only require seven-digit dialing. At the time of its creation, area code 907 was one of the two longest area codes to dial on a rotary phone, taking 26 pulses to dial out in an era before the first touch tone phones; this is the same number of pulses as Hawaii's area code 808, introduced the same year. List of NANP area codes NANPA Area Code Map of Alaska List of exchanges from AreaCodeDownload.com, 907 Area Code
McCarthy is a census-designated place in Valdez-Cordova Census Area, United States. The population was 28 at the 2010 census, down from 42 in 2000. McCarthy is 120 mi northeast of Cordova at the foot of the Wrangell Mountains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP of McCarthy has a total area of 148.3 square miles. None of the area is covered with water, it is connected to the outside world via the McCarthy Road spur of the Edgerton Highway from Chitina, must be passed through to reach Kennecott, a destination of tourists seeking access to Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. From the end of the road one had to cross the Kennecott River and a smaller stream using manually propelled ropeways, but a footbridge was built in the 1990s. Visitors can walk to McCarthy in about 15 minutes, although shuttle vans and buses are available during the tourist season from the bridge to both McCarthy and Kennecott. McCarthy has a subarctic climate. McCarthy first reported on the 1920 U.
S. Census as an unincorporated village. With the closure of the post office in 1943, it did not report on the census from 1950-80, it returned again beginning in 1990. As of the census of 2000, there were 42 people, 26 households, 6 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 0.3 people per square mile. There were 47 housing units at an average density of 0.3/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 100.00% White. There were 26 households out of which 15.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 15.4% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 73.1% were non-families. 53.8% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.62 and the average family size was 2.14. In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 9.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 47.6% from 45 to 64, 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 147.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 153.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $17,188, the median income for a family was $20,000; the per capita income for the CDP was $16,045. There were no families and 15.2% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 65. For centuries, Athabascans hunted in the area of McCarthy. Chief Nikolai and his band of Athabaskan Natives had a summer camp at Dan Creek, 15 miles east of McCarthy, where they collected copper nuggets from Dan Creek, their permanent camp was on the Copper River at the village of Taral near Chitina where they fished for salmon. Copper was discovered between the Kennicott Glacier and McCarthy Creek in 1900, after which Kennicott Mine, Kennecott Mining Company, company town of Kennecott were created. Due to a clerical error, the corporation and town used the spelling of Kennecott instead of Kennicott, named for Kennicott Glacier in the valley below the town.
The glacier was named after a naturalist who explored in Alaska in the mid-1800s. Because alcoholic beverages and prostitution were forbidden in Kennecott, McCarthy grew as an area to provide illicit services not available in the company town, it grew into a major town with a gymnasium, a hospital, a school, a bar and a brothel. The Copper River and Northwestern Railway reached McCarthy in 1911. In 1938, the copper deposits were gone and the town was abandoned; the railroad discontinued service that year. Over its 30-year operation, U. S. $200 million in ore was extracted from the mine, making it the richest concentration of copper ore in the world. The population of McCarthy and Kennecott fell to zero until the 1970s, when the area began to draw young people from the many who came to Alaska in the'70s for adventure and the big money of the Trans Alaska Pipeline project. In the'80s, after the area was designated Wrangell-St. Elias National Park, it began to draw some adventurous tourists to the new national park.
The few people that lived there began to provide a variety of tourist services. There has always been at least one family living in the McCarthy area since 1953; the old mine buildings and colorful history attract visitors during the summer months. The Kennecott and McCarthy area ranks as one of the United States' most endangered landmarks by the National Trust for Historic Places. Emergency stabilization of the old buildings more will be required. In 2014, the TV show Edge of Alaska premiered on Discovery Channel; the show has caused controversy though, as many town residents feel the town is portrayed in a bad light due to the troublesome incidents that have occurred there. In an attempt to disrupt the Alaska pipeline, 39-year-old Louis D. Hastings, armed with a.223-caliber Ruger Mini-14 semi-automatic rifle, murdered six of the 22 citizens of McCarthy on March 1, 1983. The victims were Maxine Edwards, Harley King and Flo Hegland, Tim and Amy Nash, he wounded two people. In July 1984, Hastings was sentenced to 634 years in prison.
This case, the town of McCarthy, were showcased on the Discovery Channel's Alaska Ice Cold Killers episode "Frozen Terror". Https://books.google.com/books?id=DIG_9oBssrAC&pg=PA176&lpg=PA176&dq=mccarthy+alaska+murders&source=bl&ots=fdAGDpJope&sig=iYT244SPoiVH9sluH17FIaybBLE&hl=en&ei=U0uxS4q1FpLYsQOs0KCiAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CBsQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=&f=false/ McCarthy/Kennecott history Weather conditions from a remote weather station in McCarthy
Glennallen is a census-designated place in the Valdez–Cordova Census Area in the Unorganized Borough of the U. S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 483, down from 554 in 2000. Glennallen is located at 62°06′33″N 145°32′47″W, in the Chitina Recording District and Game Management Unit 13, it lies along the Glenn Highway at its junction with the Richardson Highway, 189 road miles east of Anchorage. It is just outside the western boundary of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 114.9 square miles, of which, 114.1 square miles of it is land and 0.8 square miles of it is water. Glennallen is located in the continental climate zone, with long, cold winters, warm summers; the mean temperature in January is -10 °F. Snowfall averages 39 inches, with total precipitation of 9 inches per year. In earlier times, the Ahtna Alaska Natives roamed the Copper River Valley in search of fish and game, both of which are plentiful there.
Ahtna now live in several communities around Glennallen. In 1899, the U. S. Army built a pack trail for summer use between the port of Valdez and Eagle, which passed through the Copper River Valley. In the early 20th century, the trail became the Richardson Highway. During World War II, the United States built a series of military bases in Alaska for the purpose of supplying aircraft and other war material to Russia by way of Alaska and the Russian Far East as part of the Lend-lease program; this made it difficult for the Germans to the west and the Japanese to the south of Russia to interfere with the supply operation. As part of this operation, highways were built to supply the bases; the major highway project of this effort was the Alaska Highway from Dawson Creek, British Columbia, Canada to the existing Richardson Highway at Delta Junction and thus to Fairbanks via the Richardson Highway. Another project was the Glenn Highway, which connected Anchorage, Alaska's largest city, with the Richardson Highway, thus with the rest of Alaska and the then-48 United States.
Construction for the Glenn Highway began at a camp on the Richardson Highway in the Copper River Valley named Glennallen after two U. S. Army explorers of the late 19th century: Capt. Edwin Glenn and Lt. Henry T. Allen; the highway was completed in 1945. Glennallen developed as a small community around the site of the camp, it became a commercial center for motor traffic along the Richardson highways. It is one of the few communities in the region, not built on the site of a Native village. During the 1950s and 1960s, another highway, the Tok Cut-Off, was constructed from a point 15 miles north of Glennallen to the community of Tok, 135 miles east on the Alaska Highway; this enhanced Glennallen as a commercial center. In 1956, a Jesuit school, Copper Valley School, was opened; this facility increased the population by bringing to the region a number of staff and students from Holy Cross Mission in western Alaska. In 1961 "Glenallen" was renamed "Glennallen" by the US Postal Service, adding the extra'n'.
Glennallen's economy grew with the construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System from 1975–1977 and the continuing service needs of the pipeline. The economy of the area was negatively impacted by the construction of the George Parks Highway, which connected Anchorage to Denali National Park and Fairbanks along the Alaska Railroad route, bypassing Glennallen. Glennallen first appeared on the 1950 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it was made a census-designated place in 1980. As of the census of 2000, there were 554 people, 204 households, 136 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 4.9 people per square mile. There were 269 housing units at an average density of 0.9/km². The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.20% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 5.05% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 1.44% Pacific Islander, 7.94% from two or more races. 0.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 204 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families.
27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.31. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,846, the median income for a family was $40,909. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $28,125 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $17,084. About 4.6% of families and 8.04% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over. Many but not all year-round homes are plumbed. Although many residents have private wells in the Glennallen area, the water is of poor quality.
Glennallen Heights utilizes two wells to serve a piped system, a local private business delivers water by truck to fill home water tanks. The majority of downtown is connected to a piped sewa
Whittier is a city at the head of the Passage Canal in the U. S. state of Alaska, about 58 miles southeast of Anchorage. The city is within the Valdez–Cordova Census Area. At the 2010 census the population was 220, up from 182 in 2000; the 2016 estimate was 214 people all of whom live in a single building. Whittier is a port for the Alaska Marine Highway; the region occupied by Whittier was once part of the portage route of the Chugach people native to Prince William Sound. The passage was used by Russian and American explorers, by prospecting miners during the gold rush; the nearby Whittier glacier was named for American poet John Greenleaf Whittier in 1915, the town took the name as well. During World War II, the United States Army constructed a military facility, complete with port and railroad near Whittier Glacier and named the facility Camp Sullivan; the spur of the Alaska Railroad to Camp Sullivan was completed in 1943 and the port became the entrance for United States soldiers into Alaska.
The two buildings that dominate the town were built after World War II. The 14-story Hodge Building was completed in 1957 and contains 150 two- and three-bedroom apartments plus bachelor efficiency units. Dependent families and Civil Service employees were moved into this high-rise; the Whittier School was connected by a tunnel at the base of the west tower so students could safely access school on days with bad weather. The building was named in honor of Colonel Walter William Hodge, a civil engineer and the commanding officer of 93rd Engineer Regiment on the Alcan Highway; the other main structure in town, the Buckner Building, was completed in 1953, was called the "city under one roof". The Buckner Building was abandoned. Buckner and Begich Towers were at one time the largest buildings in Alaska; the Begich Building became a condominium, along with the two-story private residence known as Whittier Manor, houses a majority of the town's residents. The port at Whittier was an active Army facility until 1960.
In 1962, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers constructed a petroleum products terminal, a pumping station and a 62-mile-long, 8-inch pipeline to Anchorage in Whittier. On March 28, 1964, Whittier suffered over $10 million worth of damage in what became known as the Good Friday earthquake; as of 2019, the earthquake remains the largest U. S. earthquake, measuring 9.2 on the moment magnitude scale, having caused tsunamis along the West Coast of the U. S; the tsunami that hit Whittier killed 13 people. Whittier was incorporated in 1969 and became a port of call for cruise ships, it is utilized about 100-passenger mid-sized cruise ships. When the Anton Anderson Memorial Tunnel opened to public access in 2000, it became the first highway to connect Whittier to Anchorage and inner Alaska—previously, the only ways to reach the town had been rail and plane. After the tunnel expanded access to Whittier, it began to be visited by larger cruise lines, it is the embarkation/debarkation point of one-way cruises from Anchorage to Vancouver by Princess Tours.
Whittier is popular with tourists, outdoor enthusiasts, hikers, sport fishermen, hunters because of its abundance of wildlife and natural beauty. Whittier is located within the Chugach National Forest, the second-largest national forest in the U. S. Whittier is in the Chugach School District and has one school serving 38 students from preschool through high school, according to the 2015–2016 enrollment numbers. Whittier is located at 60°46′27″N 148°40′40″W; the only land access is through the Anton Anderson Memorial Tunnel, a mixed-use road and rail tunnel. The town is on the northeast shore of the Kenai Peninsula, at the head of Passage Canal, on the west side of Prince William Sound, it is 58 miles southeast of Anchorage. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.7 square miles, of which, 12.5 square miles of it is land and 7.2 square miles of it is water. Whittier has a subarctic climate under the Köppen climate classification, it is the wettest city in Alaska and the United States, receiving more annual precipitation than Yakutat and Ketchikan which are the second- and third-wettest cities in Alaska, respectively.
Whittier is located at the northern tip of the northernmost temperate rainforest. Whittier first appeared on the 1950 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it formally incorporated in 1969. As of 2015, there were 214 people living with 288 available housing units; the entirety of this population lives within the 14-story Begich Towers. The racial makeup of the city was 78.38% White, 4.05% Asian, 4.96% Native American, 3.60% Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 5.41% Hispanic, 9.01% from two or more races. There are 124 households in the town and the average household size is 1.79 people, according to 2014 statistics. Of these households, 56 are family and 68 are non family. 40.30% of the population is married, 32.34% are divorced. 51.78% of the population has children. The age distribution within the city shows that 13.96 percent of the population is under the age of 18, 3.15 percent is between the ages of 18 and 24, 23.87 percent is between the ages of 25 to 44, 52.25 percent is between the ages of 45 and 64, 6.76 percent of the population is above the age of 65.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,250 in 2014. The per capita income for the city was $31,624. Unemployment in Whittier was at a rate of 9.2 percent. City government consists of a seven-member council
Valdez is a city in Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the U. S. state of Alaska. According to the 2010 US Census, the population of the city is 3,976, down from 4,036 in 2000; the city was named in 1790 after the Spanish Navy Minister Antonio Valdés y Fernández Bazán. A former Gold Rush town, it is located at the head of a fjord on the eastern side of Prince William Sound; the port did not flourish until after the road link to Fairbanks was constructed in 1899. It suffered catastrophic damage during the 1964 Alaska earthquake, is located near the site of the disastrous 1989 Exxon Valdez oil tanker spill. Today it is one of the most important ports in Alaska, a commercial fishing port as well as a freight terminal; the port of Valdez was named in 1790 by the Spanish explorer Salvador Fidalgo after the Spanish naval officer Antonio Valdés y Fernández Bazán. A scam to lure prospectors off the Klondike Gold Rush trail led to a town being developed there in 1898; some steamship companies promoted the Valdez Glacier Trail as a better route for miners to reach the Klondike gold fields and discover new ones in the Copper River country of interior Alaska than that from Skagway.
The prospectors who believed the promotion found. The glacier trail was twice as long and steep as reported, many men died attempting the crossing, in part by contracting scurvy during the long cold winter without adequate supplies; the town did not flourish until after the construction of the Richardson Highway in 1899, which connected Valdez and Fairbanks. With a new road and its ice-free port, Valdez became permanently established as the first overland supply route into the interior of Alaska; the highway was open in summer-only until 1950. In 1907, a shootout between two rival railroad companies ended Valdez's hope of becoming the railroad link from tidewater to the Kennicott Copper Mine; the mine, located in the heart of the Wrangell-St. Elias Mountains, was one of the richest copper ore deposits on the continent; the exact location of the right-of-way dispute, in which one man was killed and several injured, is located at the southern entrance of Keystone Canyon on the Valdez side. A half-completed tunnel in the canyon marks the end of railroad days in Valdez.
A rail line to Kennicott was established from the coastal city of Cordova. The city of Valdez was not destroyed in the 1964 Good Friday earthquake. Soil liquefaction of the glacial silt that formed the city's foundation led to a massive underwater landslide, which caused a section of the city's shoreline to break off and sink into the sea; the underwater soil displacement caused a local tsunami 30 feet high that traveled westward, away from the city and down Valdez Bay. 32 men and children were on the city's main freight dock to help with and watch the unloading of the SS Chena, a supply ship that came to Valdez regularly. All 32 people died. There were no deaths in the town. Residents continued to live there for an additional three years while a new site was being prepared on more stable ground four miles away; the new construction was supervised by the Army Corps of Engineers. They transported 54 houses and buildings by truck to the new site, to re-establish the new city at its present location.
The original town site was abandoned. From 1975 to 1977, the Trans-Alaska pipeline was built to carry oil from the Prudhoe Bay oil fields in northern Alaska to a terminal in Valdez, the nearest ice-free port. Oil is loaded onto tanker ships for transport; the construction and operation of the pipeline and terminal boosted the economy of Valdez. The first tanker to be loaded with pipeline oil was the ARCO Juneau in early August 1977, bound for the Cherry Point Refinery in Washington; the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred as the oil tanker Exxon Valdez was leaving the terminal at Valdez full of oil. The spill occurred at about 40 km from Valdez. Although the oil did not reach Valdez, it devastated much of the marine life in the surrounding area; the clean-up of the oil caused a short-term boost to the economy of Valdez. On January 24, 2014, a major avalanche occurred just outside Valdez at Mile 16 near Keystone Canyon, prompting the closure of the only highway in or out of town. On January 25, Alaska DOT triggered another massive slide.
Due to weather conditions at the time, the avalanche dammed the Lowe River, creating a half-mile-long lake that stalled snow removal efforts for nearly a week. The blockage was dubbed the "Damalanche" by local city officials after a name coined by local resident, Joshua Buffington. News of this event spread to media outlets nationwide. Once the water receded, crews worked around the clock to clear about 200,000 cubic yards of snow in five days. No one was injured during this incident. Valdez is located at 61°7′51″N 146°20′54″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 277.1 square miles, of which, 222.0 square miles is land and 55.1 square miles is water. Valdez is located near the head of a deep fjord in the Prince William Sound in Alaska, it is surrounded by the Chugach Mountains, which are glaciated. Valdez is the northernmost port in North America, ice-free year-round; the northernmost point of the coastal Pacific temperate rain forest is on Blueberry Hill. Despite the presence of temperate rainforest, Valdez under the Köppen climate classification has a subarctic climate: its winters, though much warmer than most climates of this type, are not sufficiently mild, as those of, Ketchikan or Kodiak are, to fit into the oceanic or subpolar oceanic clima
'Chisana is a ghost town abandoned and a census-designated place in the Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the U. S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 Census, the population of the CDP was 0; the English name Chisana derives from the Ahtna Athabascan name Tsetsaan' Na', meaning literally'copper river'. The Chisana River joins the Nabesna River just north of Northway Junction, Alaska, to form the Tanana River, a major tributary of the Yukon River; the Chisana Airport consists of a turf and gravel runway, serviced by flights from Tok, Alaska. In 1985, the community was listed as Chisana Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district. In 1998 the Chisana Historic Mining Landscape historic district, comprising the community and a wide 27,000 acres area located in Valdez-Cordova Census Area and in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 86.7 square miles, of which 86.7 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water.
The total area is 0.10% water. Chisana is the highest community in Alaska at 3,318 feet above sea level. Chisana first appeared on the 1920 U. S. Census as an unincorporated community, it appeared twice more in 1930 and 1940. It would not appear again until 2000. However, in both 2000 and 2010, it reported no residents. National Register of Historic Places listings in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve National Register of Historic Places listings in Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska National Register of Historic Places listings in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska Chisana Airport Historic American Landscapes Survey No. AK-6, "Scenic views, Valdez-Cordova Census Area, AK", 3 color transparencies, 1 photo caption page
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com