The Chota Char Dham, is an important Hindu pilgrimage circuit on the under upgradation Chardham Road Highway and under construction Chota Char Dham Railway in the Indian Himalayas. Located in the Garhwal region of the state of Uttarakhand, the circuit consists of four sites—Yamunotri, Gangotri and Badrinath. Badrinath is one of the four destinations of the longer Char Dham from which the Chota Char Dham draws its name; the Annual Char Dham Yatra resumed in May 2014, after remaining suspended since the outbreak of 2013 Uttarakhand floods. The footfall has now improved due to proactive measures taken by the government of Uttarakhand. Akha-Trij or Akha-Teej marks the beginning of the Char Dham Yatra; the ‘Yatra’ closes 2 days after Diwali, on the day of Bhai-Bij. There are chances of roadblocks due to heavy rainfall in late July and August. In May and June, tourists flock in large numbers. So, there is little time offered for ‘Darshan’. So, it is best to take the Char Dham Yatra in mid May to September - October.
The appellation Char Dham referred to a pilgrimage circuit encompassing four important temples—Puri, Rameswaram and Badrinath—located at the four cardinal points of the subcontinent. An archetypal All-India pilgrimage circuit, the formation of the original Char Dham is credited to the great 8th century reformer and philosopher Shankaracharya. In the original Char Dham, three of the four sites are Vaishnava; the Chota Char Dham included representatives from all three major Hindu sectarian traditions, with two Shakti sites, one Shaiva site, one Vaishnava site. Accessible until the 1950s only by arduous and lengthy walking trails in hilly area with height exceeded 4000 meters, the Chota Char Dham was done by wandering ascetics and other religious people, those who could afford a traveling entourage. While the individual sites and the circuit as a whole were well known to Hindus on the plains below, they were not a visible aspect of yearly religious culture. After the 1962 war between India and China, accessibility to the Chota Char Dham improved, as India undertook massive road building to border area and other infrastructure investments.
As pilgrims were able to travel in mini buses and cars to nearest points of four shrines, the Chota Char dham circuit was within the reach of people with middle income. Vehicles reach up to Badrinath temple and Gangotri and Kedarnath are at a distance of 10 to 15 km from nearest motorable road; the Chota Char Dham has become an important destination for pilgrims from throughout South Asia and the diaspora Bengalis, Odias, Gujaratis and people from Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand. Today, the circuit receives hundreds of thousands of visitors in an average pilgrimage season, which lasts from April 15 until Diwali; the season is heaviest in the two-month period before the monsoon, which comes in late July. After the rains begin, travel to the sites becomes dangerous. Before the rains begin, safety is a major concern, as extensive road building and heavy traffic have critically destabilized the rocks, making fatal landslides and bus/jeep accidents a regular occurrence. Mortality rates for a season surpass 200.
Some pilgrims visit the sites after the rains ends and before the sites become impassable due to snow. Although temperatures at the shrines in the early winter months of October and November are inhospitable, it is said that the mountain scenery surrounding the sites is most vivid after the rains have had a chance to moisten the dust of the plains below; the Chota Char Dham was washed away in the recent 2013 Himalayan flash floods. One of the worst flash floods happened in June 2013 and it devastated many parts of the Chota Char Dham the town of Kedarnath was destroyed and with only the Kedarnathji Temple and a few buildings around remaining intact, albeit submerged by rocks and slurry. Chota Char Dham Railway project's 321 km long construction, costing INR43,292 crore, commenced with Final Location Survey by the government of India in May 2017. Access to the pilgrimage is either from Dehradun; the tradition is to visit the sites in the following order: Yamunotri, the source of the Yamuna River and the head of the goddess Yamuna.
Gangotri, the source of the Ganges and head of the goddess Ganga. Kedarnath, where a form of the Hindu god Shiva is venerated as one of the twelve jyotirling. Badrinath, the seat of the Hindu god Vishnu in his aspect of Badrinarayan. Panch Prayag Panch Kedar
Matthew Richard Wieters is an American professional baseball catcher for the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball, he has played in MLB for the Baltimore Orioles and Washington Nationals. Wieters played college baseball for Georgia Tech and was drafted by the Baltimore Orioles with the fifth overall selection in the 2007 MLB draft, he made his MLB debut in 2009. Wieters has won two Gold Glove Awards. Wieters played for the Orioles through the 2016 season before becoming a free agent. Wieters was born on May 1986 in Goose Creek, South Carolina, he played high school baseball at Stratford High School in South Carolina. He played under Coach John Chalus, where he and the Knights made it to the AAAA state championship series. Wieters attended the Georgia Institute of Technology and played college baseball for the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, he is one of just three players in Georgia Tech history to earn first-team All-America honors on at least two occasions. He was named a first-team All-America by Rivals.com and first-team All-Atlantic Coast Conference in 2007, first-team All-America by Baseball America and second-team All-ACC in 2006, the ACC Rookie of the Year, Freshman All-America and first-team All-ACC in 2005.
In 2006, Wieters played collegiate summer baseball for the Orleans Cardinals of the Cape Cod Baseball League. He hit.307 with eight home runs for Orleans, was named the league's outstanding pro prospect. Wieters was inducted into the CCBL hall of fame in 2013. Wieters finished his junior season ranked tied for sixth in the Yellow Jacket record books with 54 career doubles with 198 runs batted in along with 16 saves in his three years on the Flats, he ranked 13th with a.359 career batting average and 418 total bases, tying for 16th with 35 home runs and 18th with 253 hits in his college career. He finished 2007 having played in 169 consecutive games. Wieters served as Tech's primary closer for his first two years and as one of two closers his junior season. Wieters was drafted by the Baltimore Orioles with the 5th overall pick of the 2007 amateur draft and signed a contract with a $6 million signing bonus on August 15, 2007; that winter, he played for the Honolulu Sharks, hitting.283 in 31 games with one home run, 17 runs batted in, nine doubles, one triple, 44 total bases, 12 walks.
Going into the 2008 season, he was ranked 12th by Baseball America on their 2008 Top 100 Prospects List and was the highest ranked catcher on the list. He attended 2008 spring training with the Orioles, starting the season with their Class A affiliate the Frederick Keys, he gained a midseason promotion to the Double-A Bowie Baysox. In 130 games for the Keys and Baysox, hit a combined.355 BA/.454 OBP/.600 SLG with 27 home runs and 91 RBI. Wieters earned the 2008 Minor League Player of the Year honors from Baseball America. According to Clay Davenport's measure EqA, Wieters had one of the single best seasons in recorded minor league history, his EqAs of.301 and.349 were the highest marks in their respective leagues in the last 40 years. Wieters participated in the 2008 Arizona Fall League season, he was selected to play in the Fall League's Rising Stars game. Wieters hit.343 in 35 spring training at bats for the Orioles in 2009, but was sent down to Triple-A Norfolk to start the season. He was named the No. 2 prospect in MiLB by Minor League News in the MLN FAB50 Baseball 2009 rankings.
Wieters made his major league debut on May 2009, against the Detroit Tigers. Wieters' first major league hit came a triple, off of Detroit's Justin Verlander. Wieters hit his first career home run June 17 against the Mets, a two-run home run off of Mets starter Tim Redding. Wieters changed his jersey number after his rookie season from 15 to 32, what he wore in college at Georgia Tech. Although Wieters disappointed some observers because of his difficulties handling the Baltimore pitching staff, he established himself as a solid defensive catcher in 2010, throwing out many runners, while hitting for power and a good average at the plate. Wieters earned a Fielding Bible Award and a Gold Glove in 2011 as the best defensive catcher in MLB, American League, respectively. On April 16, 2012, Wieters helped the Orioles rally to beat the Chicago White Sox in 10 innings by hitting his first career grand slam. On May 29, Wieters was ejected for the first time in his career for arguing that two pitches thrown by Miguel Gonzalez were strikes, not balls, as ruled by home plate umpire Doug Eddings.
The Orioles lost the game against the Blue Jays, 8–6. On July 1, 2012, Wieters was selected to represent the Orioles in the All Star Game for the second consecutive year. On October 30 it was announced. On Opening Day, April 2, 2013, Wieters became the first Oriole to hit a home run against Tampa Bay Rays starter David Price, a two run shot in the top of the first. On April 18, Wieters helped to beat the Rays again by hitting a walk off grand slam in the bottom of the 10th. Wieters was the first Oriole to hit a walk off grand slam since Harold Baines in 1999. While Wieters did finish 2013 with a career-low batting average of.235, he hit 22 home runs and a career-high 29 doubles, as well as leading all MLB hitters with 12 sacrifice flies. On May 11, 2014, Wieters was hitting over.300 when an elbow injury of his throwing arm put him on the 15-day disabled list. He was still on the disabled list on June 11, when he was the leading American League catcher in the vote to determine the All Star Game starters.
Orioles broadcaster Gary Thorne reported that Wieters was unlikely to
A stomacher - sometimes called a devant de corsage - is a piece of jewellery worn on the centre panel of the bodice of a dress, itself called a stomacher. In the 18th and 19th century, stomachers became large, eye-catching pieces of jewellery to be worn with formal court gowns or ball gowns. Like the tiara, it was a jewel pre-eminently suited to expressing social status. A stomacher is worn on the centre panel of the bodice of a dress, called stomacher. A stomacher can consist of one or more elements. If it consists of one element, this is best described as a large and elaborate brooch to be worn at the top of the bodice, in the centre of the neckline. A stomacher that consists of more than one element has the overall shape of an inverted triangle: the element to be worn at the neckline is widest, with the lower elements tapering downwards towards the waist and covering the entire centre panel of the bodice; the different elements can be worn separately. Since the Renaissance, the centre panels of bodices were adorned with precious stones and pearls that were sewn to the fabric.
The stomacher as a separate piece of jewellery became popular in the second half of the 18th century and was worn until the beginning of the 20th century. It was worn with ball gowns or ceremonial gowns for events at court. Stomachers were made of gold, silver or platinum and richly decorated with precious stones and pearls; because of its weight, a large stomacher could only be worn. In some countries, a similar, but simpler, piece of jewellery is part of the traditional folk costume. A stomacher could be part of a set of jewellery with the same design. Stomachers went out of fashion at the beginning of the 20th century. Nowadays, an antique stomacher is worn as a brooch with an evening gown, it is usually worn on the shoulder or on the belt, not on the neckline
Here follows a list of notable alumni and faculty of Harvey Mudd College, California, United States. Stan Love, 1987, crew member for Space Shuttle Atlantis STS-122, "capcom" or communications officer with the International Space Station George "Pinky" Nelson, 1972, flew on three Space Shuttle program missions, first American to walk in space without a tether to a spacecraft Sean Plott, 2008, professional StarCraft player and commentator who represented the United States in the 2004 and 2005 World Cyber Games Grand Finals. Scott Stokdyk, 1991, Visual Effects Supervisor at Sony Pictures Imageworks. Kim, 1976, Chief Marketing Officer of Intel, former CMO of Samsung Electronics Patri Friedman, 1998, son of David D. Friedman, grandson of Milton Friedman and Executive Director of the Seasteading Institute, anarchist advocate of competitive social systems Karl Mahlburg, 2001, mathematician who proved Freeman Dyson's "crank conjecture" about certain congruences involving partition functions Joe Pelton, 2000, professional poker player, winner of 2006 Legends of Poker tournament William B. Allen Arthur T. Benjamin, mathematician known for his mental math-based "mathemagics" performances featured in various TED talks and other media outlets Nathaniel Davis Weiqing Gu President Maria Klawe Ran Libeskind-Hadas Lisette de Pillis Nick Pippenger Francis Su Talithia Williams
Harmony is the sixth studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Serena Ryder. The album was released on November 27, 2012 in Canada, on August 27, 2013 in the USA. A French edition featuring bilingual versions of two songs was released for the Quebec market on September 24, 2013, it received three Juno Award Nominations in 2013, winning Adult Alternative Album with five more nominations the following year including Album of the Year. The album was certified gold by Music Canada on February 2013, shipping 40,000 copies; the album attained platinum certification in July 2013. In 2013, the album sold 74,000 copies in Canada; the lead single, titled "Stompa", was released on September 27, 2012, in Canada, on February 26, 2013 to the U. S; the song peaked at # 8 after spending 16 weeks on the chart. The second Canadian single, titled "What I Wouldn't Do", was released in early November 2012, has reached #8 on the Canadian Hot 100; the song "For You" "reinterprets" Screamin' Jay Hawkins' well-known "I Put a Spell on You" and shares a songwriting credit with his estate
Ifriqiya, known professionally as el-Maghrib el-Adna, was the area during medieval history comprising what is today Tunisia and the Constantinois — all part of what was included in the Africa Province of the Roman Empire. The southern boundary of Ifriqiya was far more unchallenged as bounded by the semi-arid areas and the salt marshes called el-Djerid; the northern and western boundaries fluctuated. The capital was Carthage Qayrawan Mahdia Tunis; the Arabs settled on the lower ground while the native population settled in the mountains. The Aghlabids, from their base in Kairouan, initiated the invasion of Southern Italy beginning in 827, established the Emirate of Sicily and Bari which lasted until it was conquered by the Normans; the province of Ifriqiya was created in 703 CE when the Umayyads seized "Africa" from the Byzantine Empire. Although Islam existed throughout the province there were still considerable religious tension and conflict between the invading Arabs and the native Berbers.
The beliefs and perceptions of people shifted from area to area, this contrast was at its greatest between coastal cities and villages. Muslim ownership of Ifriqiya changed hands numerous times in its history with the collapse of the Umayyads paving the way for the Aghlabids who acted as agents of the Abbasids in Baghdad, they were overthrown by the Fatimids in 909 when they lost their capital of Raqqada and the Fatimids went on to control all of Ifriqiya in 969 when they took control of Egypt. The Fatimids lost control over Ifriqiya as their regents, the Zirids, became more and more autonomous until the mid 11th century where they were separated. Religious divisions paved the way for the Almohads taking over Western Ifriqiya in 1147 and all of Ifriqiya by 1160; this empire was to last till the early 13th century where it was replaced by the Hafsids, who were an influential clan that boasted many of Ifriqiya's governors. The Hafsids in 1229 declared their independence from the Almohads and organized themselves under Abu Zakariya who built the Hafsid empire around its new capital, Tunis.
Records of Arabic oral traditions imply that the Muslims first migrated to Africa feeling persecution in their Arab homeland. However, Muslim military incursions into Africa began around 7 years after the death of the islamic prophet Muhammad in 632; this campaign into Africa was led by the General Amr ibn al Aas and Muslim control of Africa spread after the initial seizure of Alexandria. Islam took root in the East African coast due to cross cultural links established between Muslims traders and the natives of the African coast; the political situation in Islamic Africa was like any other, filled with a chaotic and constant power struggle between movements and dynasties. A key factor in the success of any hopeful party was securing wealth to fund a push for dominance. One form of great wealth was the lucrative gold-mining areas of Sub-Saharan Africa; the existence of these gold mines made expansion into Africa a worthwhile endeavor. The Muslim Empires pushed for influence and control of both the Northern and Southern parts of Africa.
By the end of the 11th century Islam had established itself along the Mediterranean. The Muslims, like the Europeans, felt the brutal effects of the Black Death in the 14th Century when it arrived in Western Africa through Europe. Maghreb and Ifriqiya at large were under the rule of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th to the 18th Century. Around the end of the 19th Century, Islam accounted for 1/3rd of the religious population of Africa. A hundred years after the islamic prophet Muhammad's death, the Arab world had expanded as far as the Indus River, thus stretching their empire across Asia and Europe. Arab merchants and wayfarers, along with clerics, began spreading Islam along the coast and in regions such as Sudan. Islam first took root with Sudanese merchants due to their increased interaction with Muslims, they were followed by several rulers who in turn converted entire countries, such as Ghana, in the eleventh century and Mali in the thirteenth century. Due to the way in which Islam entered the African world, a large part of the rural population remained outside the Muslim realm.
The spread of Islam was given new life in the eleventh century when an Islamic fundamentalist group of Berber nomads known as the Almoravids took control of the Western Islamic Empire. While Islam did spread throughout most of Africa it is important to note that it was a erratic process that occurred over a long period of time and was not constant or rapid. Islamic influences on African Societies: In some areas such as Ghana, the presence of the Muslims led to the founding of several mosques, it is believed that the Sudano Sahelian style of building was engineered by Malian king Mansa Musa, who brought back an architect from his pilgrimage to Mecca whose name was Al-Sahili. Musa's brother was instrumental in the construction of new mosques throughout the empire and established religious centres of learning to aid new and old converts in their empire. Timbuktu was one such religious centre, responsible for a significant part of commercial and intellectual advancement in the Mali empire. In the 16th century a significant portion of Muslim scholars in Timbuktu hailed from Sudan.
Arabic merged with Bantu to create Swahili. It is believed that conversion was a useful way to avoid being captured and sold as slaves in the lucrative market between Lake Chad and the Mediterranean. For African leaders con