Bentley Continental GT
The Bentley Continental GT is a grand tourer manufactured and marketed by British automaker Bentley Motors since 2003. It was the first car released by Bentley under Volkswagen AG management, after the company's acquisition in 1998, the first Bentley to employ mass production manufacturing techniques. In 1994, Rolls-Royce Motors previewed a convertible concept car at the Geneva Motor Show - the Concept Java; the car was designed to be a desirable Bentley, but smaller, more affordable, yet still exclusive in order to maintain the integrity of the brand. It was to appeal to a new range of potential buyers and generate increase sales volume for Rolls Royce; the Concept Java never made it into production in the form seen in 1994. However, the Bentley Continental GT realised the concept of the Java as a more affordable Bentley, manufactured in much larger volumes. Whilst external styling is different, the dashboard design was influenced by the Java; the vehicle debuted in 2003 at the Geneva Motor Show, followed by Le Mans, the 2003 Goodwood Festival of Speed and the 2003 annual Bentley Drivers Club meeting at Silverstone.
The car differed from the previous Continental R & T models in terms of its concept: although much of the car is hand assembled, it is a mass-produced car made in larger numbers. It is not a coachbuilt car; the price at launch was less than the Continental R, giving the car a wider customer base. The Continental GT is equipped with a 6.0 litre twin-turbocharged W12 engine, which produces a DIN-rated power output of 560 PS at 6,100 rpm, torque of 650 N⋅m at 1,600-6,100 rpm. A Torsen-based permanent four-wheel drive is standard, it can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 4.8 seconds, go on to reach a top speed of 318 km/h. Early models include a choice of 6 body colours, 8 hide colours, 5 veneer types and 4 carpet and seatbelt colours. American Musician Prince owned a 2006 Continental GT Coupe in Baby Blue Upon his Death, in April 2016, the car was placed on permanent display in the sound stage at his famous Paisley Park Studios in Chanhassen, Minnesota. Changes to the Bentley Continental GT for 2005 include voice activation for the in-car telephone in six languages and increased interior trim options with the addition of magnolia hide, as well as carpets and seat belts that can be matched to either the main or secondary hide colour.
The Mulliner Driving Specification includes 20-inch 2-piece 7-spoke alloy sports wheels with bespoke Yokohama Advan Sport 275/35 R20 tyres, drilled alloy sports foot pedals and footrest, a gear lever finished in knurled chrome and hide, two-tone leather and veneer combinations, diamond quilted hide to facings and rear quarter panels. The vehicles went on sale in October 2004; the four-door Continental Flying Spur saloon was first displayed at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show. The Flying Spur utilizes most of the technical underpinnings of the Bentley Continental GT, was introduced to European and North American markets in the summer of 2005. Together, the Bentley Continental GT and Flying Spur have boosted Bentley's annual production from around 1,000 units in 2003, to 9,200 units in 2006; the Flying Spur has a 12-cylinder engine configured in a W formation. Unlike a conventional 12-cylinder engine with two banks of six, the Continental’s 6-litre engine is configured in two banks of VR six cylinders each.
This shortens the W-12 engine's length compared to a two-bank configuration. The W-12 produces 552 bhp, accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in 4.9 seconds, propels the Flying Spur top speed of 194 mph. One notable aspect of the Continental Flying Spur is its grille, made to look like traditional chromed brass mesh but is a metal-covered plastic-core; this was fitted as a safety feature. The Continental GT Diamond Series is a limited version of the 2007 model year Continental GT Mulliner Driving Specification, commemorating the Crewe factory's 60th anniversary, it includes carbon-silicon carbide brakes, exclusive 9Jx20-inch 14-spoke alloy wheels, choice of 3 additional exclusive body colours, unique insignia to exterior, unique treadplates with the text'Celebrating 60 years of manufacturing in Crewe', choice of upgraded veneers, drilled alloy sport foot pedals, gear lever finished in knurled chrome and hide, diamond quilted hide to seat facings and rear quarter panels. The convertible version of the Continental GT, the Continental GTC, was first presented in September 2005, was introduced to several world markets in the autumn of 2006.
The roof is produced by Karmann in Germany. The GTC uses identical powertrain detail as the GT, can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 5
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Patrick Joseph "Paddy" McGuinness is an English comedian, comedy actor, television personality and presenter, best known for his roles within Channel 4, ITV and BBC presenting game shows such as Take Me Out and Benchmark. McGuinness is well known for his work with Peter Kay, who knew him when he was younger and invited him to appear in his programmes That Peter Kay Thing, Phoenix Nights and Max and Paddy's Road to Nowhere, which led to the start of a successful career on Channel 4 and ITV. McGuinness made his television debut in 1995 as a contestant for the show God's Gift, he appeared in the second series of the Sky 1 show The Match. On 15 May 2006, McGuinness hosted Inside Wayne Rooney on Sky 1, a programme where he completed different tasks to see the difference between him and a professional footballer. McGuinness' other television work includes his own Chuck Stryker: The Unknown Stuntman on E4 which he wrote and starred in opposite Jonathan Wrather and a few other familiar faces. McGuinness presented Stars in Their Cars, a series for the Travel Channel in 2016.
First airing on 13 August 2008, McGuinness co-starred in a television series with British comedian Rory McGrath, broadcast on Channel 5, Rory and Paddy's Great British Adventure. This was a four-part series in which McGuinness and McGrath embark on a nationwide road-trip, on a mission to explore Britain’s sporting heritage by probing the hidden life of its towns and villages; the series focuses on arcane sports, such as cheese rolling. A second series began on 20 September 2010 on Channel 5. On 29 November 2006, McGuinness guest hosted The Paul O'Grady Show, he presented the entertainment series Hotel GB in 2012, however the show was cancelled. On 18 January 2013, McGuinness presented Paddy's TV Guide. In October 2014 McGuinness narrated the three-part charity series Stars at Your Service for Channel 4. In 2015, he presented the Channel 4 daytime game show series Benchmark for 30 episodes as well as five celebrity editions. In 2007, McGuinness presented Raiders of the Lost Archive, where he and his guests watched TV shows they had appeared in years ago, which they had thought were lost.
Since 2010, McGuinness has hosted the ITV dating show Take Me Out. He guest presented a number of episodes of This Morning in July 2010, a role to which he returned in 2011, he hosted the second series of 71 Degrees North with Charlotte Jackson in 2011. On 29 December 2012, he hosted a one-off special Paddy's Telly; the show returned for a second special, which aired on 22 December 2013. McGuinness hosted the comedy panel show Mad Mad World for seven episodes in the summer of 2012. Two episodes were never aired. McGuinness was one of the presenters of Christmas telethon Text Santa. In 2012 and 2013, McGuinness co-hosted one hour of the telethon with Christine Bleakley, although Alesha Dixon was his co-presenter for the 2014 appeal. In 2013, McGuinness co-presented talent show series. In 2014, McGuinness co-hosted. In 2015, he starred in the ITV2 comedy show The Keith Lemon Sketch Show. McGuinness played the role of police officer Ian in the ITV comedy The Delivery Man, beginning in April 2015. In 2015, McGuinness guest starred in six episodes of Coronation Street, playing the role of Dougie Ryan.
The episodes were shown in August. On Christmas Eve in 2015 he presented one-off ITV special, The ABBA Christmas PartyHe starred in the ITV comedy series The Keith & Paddy Picture Show with Keith Lemon in 2017, it returned for a second series in April 2018. In January 2018, McGuinness presented The Greatest TV Moments of All Time, a one-off special for ITV. McGuinness has appeared as a panellist on numerous episodes of Keith Lemon's shows Celebrity Juice and Through the Keyhole. In 2019, he replaced Fearne Cotton as team captain on the former show. In 2017, McGuinness presented two episodes of Even Better Than the Real Thing on BBC One. McGuinness presented Paddy McGuinness' Sport Relief Warm-Up and was one of the presenters for the 2018 Sport Relief show, he provided the voiceover for the BBC series Ready or Not in 2018. On 22 October 2018, it was announced. McGuinness had his own radio show on Bauer City 1 stations across the North of England on Sunday mornings from 9 am until 12 noon. Paddy's show ran from 2014 until 2017.
In 2005 and 2006, McGuinness toured the UK. Paddy McGuinness: The Dark Side Tour was his first solo stand-up tour. While on tour, he reprised his role of Lord Love Rocket from the award-winning comedy Phoenix Nights. From 21 August to 11 December 2008, McGuinness was involved in a second tour – known as the Paddy McGuinness Plus You! Live – which included 76 scheduled dates around the UK and Ireland; the Plus You! Tour featured McGuinness, along with other variety acts that were chosen by him, through a competition that ran on his official website, hence the title of Plus You! In 2011, he went on his third stand-up tour, called Paddy McGuinness: Saturday Night Live Tour. In January 2015, he announced that he would be touring across 2015 and 2016 with the "Daddy McGuinness" tour throughout the UK; the tour opened in Scunthorpe on 28 September 2015 and the final date was at the Hammersmith Apollo in London on 27 February 2016. From 12 to 27 November 2010, McGuinness starred in the adult pantomime Panto's on Strike at the Opera House, Manchester with Robbie Williams and Jonathan Wilkes.
On 17 November 2010, he starred in a UK TV advertising campaign for Victor Chandler, a British bookmaker. In 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2018, McGuinness took part in the charity football match Soccer Aid, which raises
Matthew Steven LeBlanc is an American actor and television host. He received international recognition for his portrayal of dim-witted, yet well-intentioned womaniser Joey Tribbiani on Friends, which ran from 1994 to 2004. For his work on Friends, LeBlanc received three Emmy Award nominations, he has starred as a fictionalized version of himself in Episodes, for which he won a Golden Globe Award and received four additional Emmy Award nominations. He co-hosted Top Gear from 2016 to 2019; as of 2016, he plays Adam Burns in Man with a Plan. LeBlanc was born in Massachusetts, his mother, was an office manager, his father, Paul LeBlanc, was a mechanic. His father is of French-Canadian descent and his mother is of Italian ancestry, he attended Newton North High School, graduated in 1985, alongside comedian Louis C. K, he moved to New York at the age of 17 to pursue a career in modelling. LeBlanc first appeared in a 1987 Heinz Tomato Ketchup commercial. In 1988, he starred in the television drama TV 101 for one season.
In 1991, he had a recurring role on the hit Fox sitcom Married... with Children. He played the son of one the protagonist's friends and boyfriend to his daughter, he went on to star in two short-lived spin-offs: Top of the Vinnie and Bobby. He appeared in two Jon Bon Jovi music videos: "Miracle", from the Young Guns II soundtrack in 1990, "Say It Isn't So" in 2000, he appeared in Alanis Morissette's single "Walk Away", Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers' "Into the Great Wide Open", in Bob Seger's "Night Moves". LeBlanc found success in the role of Joey Tribbiani on Friends, went on to play this character for 12 years — 10 seasons of Friends and two seasons of Joey. Friends was wildly successful, LeBlanc, along with his co-stars, gained wide recognition among viewers; this ensemble situation comedy became a major hit for NBC. For his performance, LeBlanc received three Primetime Emmy Award nominations, three Golden Globe award nominations, one Screen Actors Guild Award. During this time he appeared in the films Lookin' Italian, Ed, Lost in Space, Charlie's Angels, its sequel, Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle.
Following the cancellation of Joey, LeBlanc announced that he would be taking a one-year hiatus from acting on TV, which turned into five years. His next role would be as a fictionalized version of himself on Episodes. From 2011, LeBlanc began appearing as a fictional version of himself in Episodes, a television series about a fictional American remake of an fictional British television series; the series is written by his partner Jeffrey Klarik. At the 69th Golden Globe Awards in 2012, LeBlanc won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a television series, musical, or comedy, was nominated for an additional four Primetime Emmy Awards. In February 2012, LeBlanc appeared in the second episode of the eighteenth series of Top Gear, where he set the fastest lap time in the "Star in a Reasonably Priced Car" segment in a Kia Cee'd. Lapping at 1:42.1, he beat the show's previous recordholder Rowan Atkinson by 0.1 seconds. He appeared in the fourth episode of the nineteenth season to race the New Kia Cee'd, beat his previous time.
In February 2016, the BBC announced LeBlanc had signed on to become one of the new Top Gear hosts, signing a new two-year deal that year. He announced his decision to retire from the series in May 2018, having co-hosted it for three years. Despite the show being "great fun", he stated the "time commitment and extensive travel takes me away from my family and friends more than I'm comfortable with."LeBlanc plays the lead role in the CBS sitcom Man with a Plan, which began airing in 2016. LeBlanc married Melissa McKnight, a British-born American model, in May 2003, they had been introduced in 1997 by wife of actor Lou Diamond Phillips. LeBlanc proposed to her a year later, their daughter, born in 2004, began suffering seizures when at eight months old. By the time she was two years old, the condition, thought to be a form of dysplasia, had subsided.. LeBlanc and McKnight divorced in October 2006, citing irreconcilable differences.. After his divorce, LeBlanc dated actress Andrea Anders; the two met on the set of Joey.
A representative for the pair confirmed the couple had split in January 2015. In March 2018, LeBlanc confirmed. LeBlanc has been nominated for, won, a number of awards
Pirelli & C. S.p. A. is a multinational company based in Milan, listed on the Milan Stock Exchange since 1922, with a temporary privatization period by the consortium led by the Chinese state-owned enterprise ChemChina. The company is the 5th largest tyre manufacturer behind Bridgestone, Michelin and Goodyear, is focused on the consumer business, it is present in Europe, Latam, Nafta and C. I. S. Operating commercially in over 160 countries, it has 19 manufacturing sites in 13 countries and a network of around 14,600 distributors and retailers. Pirelli has been sponsoring sport competitions since 1907 and is the exclusive tyre supplier for the FIA Formula One World Championship for 2011–2023 and for the FIM World Superbike Championship. Pirelli's headquarters are located in Milan's Bicocca district. Pirelli is now a pure tyre manufacturing company. In the past it has been involved in fashion and operated in renewable energy and sustainable mobility. On October 4, 2017, Pirelli returned to the Milan Stock Exchange after focusing its business on pure consumer products and related services, separating the business of industrial tyre.
Pirelli has published its Pirelli Calendar since 1964, which has featured the contribution of famous photographers over the years like Helmut Newton, Steve McCurry, Peter Lindbergh, Richard Avedon, Bruce Weber, Herb Rits and Annie Leibovitz. Founded in Milan in 1872 by Giovanni Battista Pirelli, the company specialised in rubber and derivative processes and made scuba diving rebreathers. Thereafter, Pirelli's activities were focused on the production of tyres and cables. In 2005, Pirelli sold its cable division to Goldman Sachs, which changed the new group's name to Prysmian. In the 1950s, Alberto Pirelli commissioned the building of a skyscraper, Pirelli Tower, in the same Milanese area that housed the first Pirelli factory during the 19th century. In 1974, Pirelli invented the "wide radial tyre", upon a request from the Lancia rally racing team for a tyre strong enough to withstand the power of the new Lancia Stratos. At that time, racing tyres were either slick tyres made with the cross ply technique, or radial tyres, which were too narrow to withstand the Stratos' power and did not provide enough grip.
Both were unusable for the Lancia Stratos, as the radials were destroyed within 10 km, the slicks too stiff. Lancia asked Pirelli for a solution, in 1975 Pirelli created a wide tyre with a reduced sidewall height like a slick, but with a radial structure. Subsequently, Porsche started using the same tyres with the Porsche 911 Turbo. In 1988, Pirelli acquired the Armstrong Rubber Company, headquartered in New Haven, for $190 million. In 2000, Pirelli sold its terrestrial fibre optic cables business to Cisco and its optical components operations to Corning, for 5 billion euro, it invested - through Olimpia -part of the resulting liquidity to become a majority shareholder in Telecom Italia in 2001, maintaining this position until 2007. In 2002 the company started a range of Pirelli branded clothing and eyewear. In 2005, Pirelli sold its Cables, Energy Systems and Telecommunications assets to Goldman Sachs and the newly formed company was named Prysmian. In the same year, 2005, Pirelli opened its first tyre production plant in China.
This was the beginning of the group's production complex in the country. In 2006, Pirelli chose Slatina for its first tyre production plant in Romania, extending the facility in 2011. In 2010, Pirelli completed its conversion to a pure tyre company by selling Pirelli Broadband Solutions and spinning off the real estate assets of Pirelli Re. Fondazione Pirelli was established in the same year to safeguard and celebrate the company's past and to promote business culture as an integral part of Italy's national cultural assets. In March 2015, it was announced that Pirelli shareholders had accepted a €7.1 billion bid from ChemChina, together with Camfin and LTI, for the company. The transaction was completed and the company was delisted in November 2015. In May 2017, it was announced that Pirelli returns to the world of cycling with a new road cycling tyre range, Pzero Velo. In September 2017, the company announced the will to sell up to 40 percent of its equity capital in an initial public offering as it plans to return to the Milan stock exchange in October.
Pirelli is focused on the consumer business, producing tyres for cars and bicycles. PZero: tyres for ultra-high performance cars. Cinturato: tyres for high end cars. Winter: tyres for low temperatures and snow. Scorpion: tyres for SUV and cross-over Diablo: road and track tyres. Scorpion: road and off-road tyres. PZero Velo: road racing. Cycl-e: urban and electric; the list of Pirelli shareholders as of September 2018: The list of Pirelli Board of Directors: As of March 2016. *The performance takes into account, as well as the deconsolidation of Venezuela, a non-recurring fiscal impact of 107.6 million euro linked to the devaluation of active deferred taxation by the Parent Group as a consequence of Pirelli’s new financial status after its merger with Marco Polo Industrial Holding. The Pirelli Calendar is published annually, features famous actresses and fashion models; the calendar features the work of many of the most respected fashion photographers in the world, including Herb Ritz, Richard Avedon, Mert & Marcus, Peter Lindbergh, Annie Leibovitz, Patrick Demarchelier.
The Pirelli Internetional Award is given annually for the best international multimedia involving the communication of science and technology conducted on the Internet. "Power is nothing wit
Ferrari is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1939 out of Alfa Romeo's race division as Auto Avio Costruzioni, the company built its first car in 1940. However, the company's inception as an auto manufacturer is recognized in 1947, when the first Ferrari-badged car was completed. In 2014, Ferrari was rated the world's most powerful brand by Brand Finance. In June 2018, the 1964 250 GTO became the most expensive car in history, setting an all-time record selling price of $70 million. Fiat S.p. A. acquired 50% of Ferrari in 1969 and expanded its stake to 90% in 1988. In October 2014 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N. V. announced its intentions to separate Ferrari S.p. A. from FCA. The separation began in October 2015 with a restructuring that established Ferrari N. V. as the new holding company of the Ferrari group and the subsequent sale by FCA of 10% of the shares in an IPO and concurrent listing of common shares on the New York Stock Exchange. Through the remaining steps of the separation, FCA's interest in Ferrari's business was distributed to shareholders of FCA, with 10% continuing to be owned by Piero Ferrari.
The spin-off was completed on 3 January 2016. Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing in Formula One, where it is the oldest and most successful racing team, holding the most constructors championships and having produced the highest number of drivers' championship wins. Ferrari road cars are seen as a symbol of speed and wealth. Enzo Ferrari was not interested in the idea of producing road cars when he formed Scuderia Ferrari in 1929, with headquarters in Modena. Scuderia Ferrari means "Ferrari Stable" and is used to mean "Team Ferrari." Ferrari bought and fielded Alfa Romeo racing cars for gentleman drivers, functioning as the racing division of Alfa Romeo. In 1933, Alfa Romeo withdrew its in-house racing team and Scuderia Ferrari took over as its works team: the Scuderia received Alfa's Grand Prix cars of the latest specifications and fielded many famous drivers such as Tazio Nuvolari and Achille Varzi. In 1938, Alfa Romeo brought its racing operation again in-house, forming Alfa Corse in Milan and hired Enzo Ferrari as manager of the new racing department.
In September 1939, Ferrari left Alfa Romeo under the provision he would not use the Ferrari name in association with races or racing cars for at least four years. A few days he founded Auto Avio Costruzioni, headquartered in the facilities of the old Scuderia Ferrari; the new company ostensibly produced machine tools and aircraft accessories. In 1940, Ferrari produced a race car – the Tipo 815, based on a Fiat platform, it was the first Ferrari car and debuted at the 1940 Mille Miglia, but due to World War II it saw little competition. In 1943, the Ferrari factory moved to Maranello, where it has remained since; the factory was bombed by the Allies and subsequently rebuilt including a works for road car production. The first Ferrari-badged car was the 1947 125 S, powered by a 1.5 L V12 engine. The Scuderia Ferrari name was resurrected to denote the factory racing cars and distinguish them from those fielded by customer teams. In 1960 the company was restructured as a public corporation under the name SEFAC S.p.
A.. Early in 1969, Fiat took a 50% stake in Ferrari. An immediate result was an increase in available investment funds, work started at once on a factory extension intended to transfer production from Fiat's Turin plant of the Ferrari engined Fiat Dino. New model investment further up in the Ferrari range received a boost. In 1988, Enzo Ferrari oversaw the launch of the Ferrari F40, the last new Ferrari launched before his death that year. In 1989, the company was renamed Ferrari S.p. A. From 2002 to 2004, Ferrari produced the Enzo, their fastest model at the time, introduced and named in honor of the company's founder, Enzo Ferrari, it was to be called the F60, continuing on from the F40 and F50, but Ferrari was so pleased with it, they called it the Enzo instead. It was offered to loyal and recurring customers, each of the 399 made had a price tag of $650,000 apiece. On 15 September 2012, 964 Ferrari cars attended the Ferrari Driving Days event at Silverstone Circuit and paraded round the Silverstone Circuit setting a world record.
Ferrari's former CEO and Chairman, Luca di Montezemolo, resigned from the company after 23 years, succeeded by Amedeo Felisa and on 3 May 2016 Amedeo resigned and was succeeded by Sergio Marchionne, CEO and Chairman of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Ferrari's parent company. In July 2018, Marchionne was replaced by board member Louis Camilleri as CEO and by John Elkann as chairman. On 29 October 2014, the FCA group, resulting from the merger between manufacturers Fiat and Chrysler, announced the split of its luxury brand, Ferrari; the aim is to turn Ferrari into an independent brand which 10% of stake will be sold in an IPO in 2015. Ferrari priced its initial public offering at $52 a share after the market close on 20 October 2015. Since the company's beginnings, Ferrari has been involved in motorsport, competing in a range of categories including Formula One and sports car racing through its Scuderia Ferrari sporting division as well as supplying cars and engines to other t
NBCSN is an American pay television channel, owned by the NBC Sports Group division of NBCUniversal. It launched on July 1, 1995, as the Outdoor Life Network, dedicated to programming involving fishing, outdoor adventure programs, outdoor sports. By the turn of the 21st century, OLN became better known for its extensive coverage of the Tour de France but began covering more "mainstream" sporting events, resulting in its relaunch as Versus in September 2006. In 2011, the original owner of the network, acquired a majority stake in NBC Universal; as a result, Comcast merged the operations of its pay channels with those of NBC. In particular, it aligned the operation of its sports channels with NBC's sports division, NBC Sports. On January 2, 2012, Versus was rebranded as the NBC Sports Network to reflect these changes; as of September 15, 2014, the majority of NBC Sports' operations, including NBCSN, is based in facilities in Stamford, Connecticut. As of February 2015, NBCSN is available to 81,578,000 pay television households in the United States.
The channel launched as the Outdoor Life Network on July 1, 1995. Its programming consisted of hunting and outdoor adventure shows. In its early days, the channel reached around one million homes and found most of its carriage via the then-infant platforms of direct broadcast satellite services and digital cable. In 1999, OLN acquired the U. S. broadcast rights to the Tour de France for US$3 million. Coverage of the Tour on OLN brought greater viewership to the fledgling channel, due in part to the then-growing popularity of American rider Lance Armstrong. In 2004, where Armstrong would aim for a record-breaking sixth straight Tour de France title, OLN would devote over 344 hours in July to coverage of the Tour, along with documentaries and other original programming surrounding the event –, promoted through a $20 million advertising campaign. Overall, while its coverage of the Tour de France helped OLN expand its carriage to over 60 million homes, critics became concerned that OLN's coverage had placed too much of its focus on Armstrong as its main attraction for viewers, doubted if OLN could sustain itself without the viewership that Lance Armstrong's presence had brought to its coverage.
Some critics had jokingly referred to OLN as the "Only Lance Network" due to its overemphasis on the American rider. Following the 2005 Tour, OLN debuted a new lineup of programming – anchored by repeats of the popular reality television series Survivor. OLN's executives believed that bringing Survivor into its lineup would fit well with the new direction it had planned for OLN, could attract viewership from fans of the show who had watched it on CBS. Around the same period, OLN acquired the rights to the Dakar Rally, America's Cup, the Boston Marathon, the Iditarod. OLN planned to cover these multi-day events in a similar style to how it covered the Tour, hoping that its coverage might bring "surprise" results for the channel. Due in part to Lance's absence from the Tour in 2006, its ratings for live coverage of the first four stages of the race drew in 49% fewer viewers than previous years. In May 2005, ESPN rejected a $60 million offer to renew its broadcasting contract with the National Hockey League into the 2005-06 NHL season, the league rejected its alternate proposal for a revenue sharing agreement similar to the one it had established with NBC.
With the NFL shopping a new late-season package of Thursday and Saturday night games to potential broadcasters, speculation began to surface that Comcast would bid on the new NHL contract as its first step to transforming OLN into a mainstream sports channel that could compete with ESPN. Comcast had been involved in NHL broadcasting. In August 2005, ESPN declined to match Comcast's offer, OLN acquired pay television rights to the NHL beginning in the 2005–2006 season in a three-year deal worth close to $200 million; the new deal would include 58 regular season games on Monday and Tuesday nights, coverage of the NHL All-Star Game, conference finals, the first two games of the Stanley Cup Finals. With the help of its new NHL package, by June 2006, OLN had now reached 75 million subscribers. However, due in part to OLN's lesser carriage in comparison to ESPN, the NHL's ratings that season had suffered in comparison. In 2006, OLN broadcast selected games in the Arena Football League's 2006 season.
The channel televised a weekly regular-season game for 11 weeks as well as a wild card playoff game. However, the agreement was not renewed and was picked up by ESPN, who acquired a minority stake in the league's ownership. In April 2006, Comcast announced that it would be renaming Outdoor Life Network to Versus in the fall of 2006; as the network had shifted beyond "outdoor" programming, the name "Versus" was intended to represent the common element of competition within its lineup. OLN's re-launch as Versus occurred on September 25, 2006. Among the new programming acquired by Versus was a number of combat sports, beginning with a series of boxing programs promoted by Bob Arum's Top Rank group; the channel began televising Chuck Norris's World Combat League, a kickboxing promotion where fights are contested in a unique round ring without ropes. Versus entered into a partnership with World Extreme Cagefighting to bring mixed martial arts events to the chan