Olaf's Frozen Adventure
Olaf's Frozen Adventure is a 2017 American 3D computer-animated featurette, produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. It is directed by Kevin Deters and Stevie Wermers, who directed the holiday-themed Prep and Landing shorts; the film features the voices of Josh Gad, Kristen Bell, Idina Menzel, Jonathan Groff reprising their roles from the original 2013 film Frozen. It premiered in 3D in theaters for a limited time engagement in front of Pixar's Coco on November 22, 2017, made its television debut on ABC on December 14, 2017, it is the first Christmas season since the gates reopened and Anna and Elsa host a celebration for all of Arendelle. When the townspeople unexpectedly leave early to enjoy their individual holiday customs, the sisters realize they have no family traditions of their own. Elsa laments the fact that because she had isolated herself most of her life and Anna were unable to spend time with each other. Olaf decides to look for traditions with Sven's help.
Going through the town, Olaf encounters various family traditions relating to Christmas and Winter solstice. After a visit to Oaken, Olaf and their sleigh full of traditions travel through the snowy tundra only for a coal to set the sleigh on fire, they slide down a hill and Olaf and Sven end up separated by a chasm. With only a fruit cake, Olaf is attacked by wolves. Meanwhile and Elsa discover some forgotten items in their attic where they find things from their past. Sven returns to Kristoff and informs him and Elsa of Olaf's plight, they gather the residents of Arendelle to go look for Olaf. Elsewhere, Olaf manages to escape the wolves, but loses the fruit cake to a hawk and gives up by a tree not too far from the kingdom. Anna and Elsa cheer him up by revealing that they do have a tradition: Himself. After Elsa had shut herself away, Anna began annually sliding cards and dolls of Olaf under her door; as they all celebrate the holidays, the hawk drops the fruit cake on Olaf. Upon getting the fruit cake back, Olaf declares it "A Christmas miracle!"
Josh Gad as Olaf, a talking snowman, magically created by Elsa in the first film. Kristen Bell as Anna, the younger of the two sisters, the Princess of Arendelle, Kristoff's girlfriend. Idina Menzel as Elsa, the elder of the two sisters and Queen of Arendelle. Eva Bella as Young Elsa Jonathan Groff as Kristoff, an ice seller and Anna's boyfriend. Chris Williams as Oaken, the owner of Wandering Oaken's Trading Post and Sauna. John de Lancie as Mr. Olsen Lauri Fraser as Mrs. Olsen Stevie Wermers as Candy Cane Mother Benjamin Deters as Candy Cane Kid Kate Anderson as Norwegian Cookie Lady & Cat Lady Elyssa Samsel as Kittens On February 9, 2016, the short film was announced as a television special, to be aired on ABC, produced by Roy Conli, directed by Kevin Deters and Stevie Wermers; the title was revealed during the airing of The Making of Frozen: Return to Arendelle on ABC in 2016, it was announced that it would feature original songs by Elyssa Samsel and Kate Anderson, the sister of Frozen songwriter Kristen Anderson-Lopez.
However, in June 2017, it was announced that the film would instead receive a limited time theatrical release in front of Disney·Pixar's Coco, as it was deemed too cinematic for television. The main original cast, Josh Gad, Kristen Bell, Idina Menzel, Jonathan Groff and the story follows Olaf as he tries to find the best holiday traditions for Anna and Kristoff; the music was recorded by an 80-piece orchestra in May 2017. The short was the filmmakers' first musical, they noted the requirement to keep the plot "pretty simple", commented that they removed anything that diverted too much from that story. The fruitcake jokes in the short are a continuing motif from the filmmakers' previous project Prep & Landing; as they crafted the story, the Frozen team had started sketching out the plot of Frozen 2. There are four original songs in the film, written by Elyssa Samsel and Kate Anderson, titled "Ring in the Season", "The Ballad of Flemmingrad", "That Time of Year" and "When We're Together". Film's score has been composed by Jeff Morrow.
The full soundtrack was released on November 2017 by Walt Disney Records. Olaf's Frozen Adventure was released by Walt Disney Pictures in 3D in theaters as a limited time offering on November 22, 2017, preceding screenings of Pixar's Coco. In the UK, it was shown before re-releases of Frozen on November 25 and 26, December 2 and 3, 2017. On November 23, Disney announced the release of Olaf's Frozen Adventure on Disney's cable television channels in Latin America, along with Netflix, on December 8, on Mexican channels Azteca 7 and 13. Coco co-director Adrian Molina said that the short's placement before Coco was an "experiment" due to its length, it ended its limited run in US screenings on December 8. Due to its brevity, the film was released as a matinee in Gibraltar, after which the 2013 film Frozen was shown; the week after Coco's release in Mexico, local media noted audiences' strong dislike for the length of the short film. A few days all Mexican cinemas offered apologies, removed the short from exhibition.
American audiences had a similar reaction. It was reported that some theaters put warning signs up about the length of the Frozen short ahead of Coco; the Disney Movies Review felt that the choice to put a franchise-expander in the short film slot prevented a Pixar animator from sharing their unique cultural and creative voice. The Washington Post argued that the "emotionally complex work," of Pixar becomes jarring when paired with the "truly silly jokes and big, showy production numbers" of the short film. Mashab
The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter is an American digital and print magazine, website, which focuses on the Hollywood film and entertainment industries. It was founded in 1930 as a daily trade paper, in 2010 switched to a weekly large-format print magazine with a revamped website. Headquartered in Los Angeles, THR is part of the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a group of properties that includes Billboard and SpinMedia, it is owned by Valence Media, a holding company co-founded by Todd Boehly, an executive of its previous owners, Guggenheim Partners and Eldridge Industries. THR was founded in 1930 by William R. "Billy" Wilkerson as Hollywood's first daily entertainment trade newspaper. The first edition appeared on September 3, 1930 and featured Wilkerson's front-page "Tradeviews" column, which became influential; the newspaper appeared Monday to Saturday for the first 10 years, except for a brief period Monday to Friday from 1940. Wilkerson ran the THR until his death in September 1962, although his final column appeared 18 months prior.
Wilkerson's wife, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel, took over as publisher and editor-in-chief when her husband died. From the late 1930s, Wilkerson used THR to push the view that the industry was a communist stronghold. In particular, he opposed the screenplay writers' trade union, the Screen Writers Guild, which he called the "Red Beachhead." In 1946 the Guild considered creating an American Authors' Authority to hold copyright for writers, instead of ownership passing to the studios. Wilkerson devoted his "Tradeviews" column to the issue on July 29, 1946, headlined "A Vote for Joe Stalin." He went to confession before publishing it, knowing the damage it would cause, but was encouraged by the priest to go ahead with it. The column contained the first industry names, including Dalton Trumbo and Howard Koch, on what became the Hollywood blacklist, known as "Billy's list." Eight of the 11 people Wilkerson named were among the "Hollywood Ten" who were blacklisted after hearings in 1947 by the House Un-American Activities Committee.
When Wilkerson died, his THR obituary said that he had "named names and card numbers and was credited with being chiefly responsible for preventing communists from becoming entrenched in Hollywood production."In 1997, THR reporter David Robb wrote a story about the newspaper's involvement, but the editor, Robert J. Dowling, declined to run it. For the blacklist's 65th anniversary in 2012, the THR published a lengthy investigative piece about Wilkerson's role, by reporters Gary Baum and Daniel Miller; the same edition carried an apology from Wilkerson's son W. R. Wilkerson III, he wrote. On April 11, 1988, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel sold the paper to BPI Communications, owned by Affiliated Publications, for $26.7 million. Robert J. Dowling became THR president in 1988, editor-in-chief and publisher in 1991. Dowling hired Alex Ben Block as editor in 1990. Block and Teri Ritzer dampened much of the sensationalism and cronyism, prominent in the paper under the Wilkersons. In 1994, BPI Communications was sold to Verenigde Nederlandse Uitgeverijen for $220 million.
After Block left, former Variety film editor, Anita Busch, became editor between 1999 and 2001. Busch was credited with making the paper competitive with Variety. Tony Uphoff assumed the publisher position in November 2005. In March 2006, a private equity consortium led by Blackstone and KKR, both with ties to the conservative movement in the United States, acquired THR along with the other assets of VNU, it joined those publications with AdWeek and A. C. Nielsen to form The Nielsen Company. In December 2009, Prometheus Global Media, a newly formed company formed by Pluribus Capital Management and Guggenheim Partners, chaired by Jimmy Finkelstein, CEO of News Communications, parent of political journal The Hill, acquired THR from Nielsen Business Media, it pledged to grow the company. Richard Beckman of Condé Nast, was appointed as CEO. In 2010, Beckman purchased THR from Guggenheim Partners and Pluribus Capital, recruited Janice Min, the former editor-in-chief of Us Weekly, to "eviscerate" the existing daily trade paper and reinvent it as a glossy, large-format weekly magazine.
The Hollywood Reporter relaunched with a weekly print edition and a revamped website that enabled it to break news. Eight months after its initial report, The New York Times took note of the many scoops THR had generated, adding that the new glossy format seemed to be succeeding with its "rarefied demographic", stating, "They managed to change the subject by going weekly... The large photos, lush paper stock and great design are a kind of narcotic here."By February 2013, the Times returned to THR, filing a report on a party for Academy Award nominees the magazine had hosted at the Los Angeles restaurant Spago. Noting the crowd of top celebrities in attendance, the Times alluded to the fact that many Hollywood insiders were now referring to THR as "the new Vanity Fair". Ad sales since Min's hiring were up more than 50%, while traffic to the magazine's website had grown by 800%. Since January 2014, The Hollywood Reporter has been led by co-presidents Janice John Amato. John Kilcullen replaced Uphoff in October 2006, as publisher of Billboard.
Kilcullen was a defendant in Billboard's infamous "dildo" lawsuit, in which he was accused of race discrimination and sexual harassment. VNU settled the suit on the courthouse steps. Kilcullen "exited" Nielsen in February 2008 "to pursue his passion as an entrepreneur." Matthew King, vice president for content and audience, editorial director Howard Burns, executive editor Peter Pryor left the paper in a wave of layoffs in December 2006.
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation. It was founded by Sime Silverman in New York in 1905 as a weekly newspaper reporting on theater and vaudeville. In 1933 it added Daily Variety, based in Los Angeles. Variety.com features breaking entertainment news, box office results, cover stories, photo galleries and more, plus a credits database, production charts and calendar, with archive content dating back to 1905. Variety has been published since December 16, 1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering theater and vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City. Sime was fired by The Morning Telegraph in 1905 for panning an act which had taken out an advert for $50, said that it looked like he would have to start his own paper in order to be able to tell the truth. With a loan of $1,500 from his father-in-law, he launched Variety as editor. In addition to Sime's former employer The Morning Telegraph, other major competitors on launch were The New York Clipper and the New York Dramatic Mirror.
The original cover design, similar to the current design, was sketched by Edgar M. Miller, a scenic painter, who refused payment; the front cover contained pictures of the original editorial staff, who were Alfred Greason, Epes W Sargeant and Joshua Lowe, as well as Sime. The first issue contained a review by Sime's son Sidne known as Skigie, claimed to be the youngest critic in the world at seven years old. In 1922, Sime acquired The New York Clipper, reporting on the stage and other entertainment since 1853 and folded it two years merging some of its features into Variety. In 1922, Sime launched the Times Square Daily, which he referred to as "the world's worst daily" and soon scrapped. During that period, Variety staffers worked on all three papers. After the launch of The Hollywood Reporter in 1930, which Variety sued for alleged plagiarism in 1932, Sime launched Daily Variety in 1933, based in Hollywood, with Arthur Ungar as the editor, it replaced Variety Bulletin, issued in Hollywood on Fridays.
Daily Variety was published every day other than Sunday but on Monday to Friday. Ungar was editor until 1950, followed by Joe Schoenfeld and Thomas M. Pryor, succeeded by his son Pete; the Daily and the Weekly were run as independent newspapers, with the Daily concentrating on Hollywood news and the Weekly on U. S. and International coverage. Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931. Green remained as editor from 1931 until his death in 1973. Sime's son Sidne succeeded him as publisher of both publications. Following his death from tuberculosis in 1950, his only son Syd Silverman, was the sole heir to what was Variety Inc. Young Syd's legal guardian Harold Erichs oversaw Variety Inc. until 1956. After that date Syd Silverman managed the company as publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to Cahners Publishing for $64 million, he remained as publisher until 1990 when he was succeeded on Weekly Variety by Gerard A. Byrne and on Daily Variety by Sime's great grandson, Michael Silverman.
Syd became chairman of both publications. In 1953, Army Archerd's "Just for Variety" column appeared on page two of Daily Variety and swiftly became popular in Hollywood. Archerd broke countless exclusive stories, reporting from film sets, announcing pending deals, giving news of star-related hospitalizations and births; the column appeared daily for 52 years until September 1, 2005. On December 7, 1988, the editor, Roger Watkins and oversaw the transition to four-color print. Upon its launch, the new-look Variety measured one inch shorter with a washed-out color on the front; the old front-page box advertisement was replaced by a strip advertisement, along with the first photos published in Variety since Sime gave up using them in the old format in 1920: they depicted Sime and Syd. For twenty years from 1989 its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman running the Daily in Hollywood. Bart had worked at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times.
In April 2009, Bart moved to the position of "vice president and editorial director", characterized online as "Boffo No More: Bart Up and Out at Variety". From mid 2009 to 2013, Timothy M. Gray oversaw the publication as Editor-in-Chief, after over 30 years of various reporter and editor positions in the newsroom. In October 2012, Reed Business Information, the periodical's owner, sold the publication to Penske Media Corporation. PMC is the owner of Deadline Hollywood, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Variety's largest competitor in online showbiz news. In October 2012, Jay Penske, Chairman and CEO of PMC, announced that the website's paywall would come down, the print publication would stay, he would invest more into Variety's digital platform in a townhall. In March 2013, Variety owner Jay Penske appointed three co-editors to oversee different parts of the publication's industry coverage; the decision was made to stop printing Daily Variety with the last printed edition published on March 19, 2013 with the headline "Variety A
Ralph Breaks the Internet
Ralph Breaks the Internet is a 2018 American 3D computer-animated comedy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures. It is the sequel to the 2012 film Wreck-It Ralph, making it Disney's 57th feature-length animated film; the film was directed by Rich Moore and Phil Johnston and executive-produced by John Lasseter, Chris Williams and Jennifer Lee. It features voice work by John C. Reilly, Sarah Silverman, Jack McBrayer, Jane Lynch and Ed O'Neill, with Alan Tudyk returning to voice a new character and new additions to the cast that include Gal Gadot, Taraji P. Henson and Alfred Molina; the first discussions about a sequel to Wreck-It Ralph began in October 2012, the new installment went through three different scripts before the filmmakers settled on the final plot. When the film was announced in June 2016 as Ralph Breaks the Internet: Wreck-It Ralph 2, much of the original cast confirmed they had signed on, with new cast members added in 2018, it is Walt Disney Animation Studios' first animated film sequel to be created by the original film's writing and directing team.
Ralph Breaks the Internet had its world premiere at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles, California, on November 5, 2018 and was released in the United States on November 21, 2018. The film has grossed over $528 million worldwide and it has received positive reviews from critics, who called it a "worthy successor" and praised the animation, humor and plot, as well as the vocal performances of Reilly and Silverman; the film was nominated for Best Animated Feature at the 91st Academy Awards, 76th Golden Globe Awards, 24th Critics' Choice Awards. Six years since their previous misadventures, Wreck-it Ralph and Vanellope Von Schweetz have been best friends, hanging out every night after work in Litwak's Family Fun Center and Arcade. While Ralph is content with his current life, Vanellope admits to being bored with her game's predictability and wishes for something new. One day, Ralph attempts to fulfill her desires by creating a secret bonus track during a race. Vanellope overrides player control to test it out, but the resulting conflict between her and the player results in the cabinet's steering wheel being broken.
Since the company that made Sugar Rush is defunct, one of the kids finds a replacement for Mr. Litwak on eBay. However, Litwak deems it too expensive and has no choice but to unplug Sugar Rush, leaving the game's characters homeless; that night, after talking with Fix-It Felix Jr. Ralph decides to enter the internet via Litwak's installed Wi-Fi router to obtain the new wheel on eBay. Ralph brings Vanellope with him, although they place a winning bid of $27,001 to obtain the wheel, they cannot pay and must make the purchase within 24 hours; the two turn to J. P. Spamley to make money, receiving a lucrative job of stealing a valuable car belonging to Shank from the Slaughter Race. Ralph and Vanellope are forced to return it. Shank compliments Vanellope's driving skills and points the duo towards Yesss at BuzzzTube, where Ralph decides to make a series of viral videos playing off popular trends to get the money; as Ralph's videos become a viral sensation, an excited Vanellope joins Yesss's staff in spamming users with pop-up ads.
Ralph convinces Yesss to send Vanellope to Oh My Disney, where she meets and befriends the Disney Princesses, being encouraged by them to address her sense of unfulfillment and reaching a musical epiphany when Ralph calls her upon earning enough money to purchase the wheel. When Vanellope does not show up at eBay, Ralph's second call causes him to overhear her confessing to Shank she wants to stay in Slaughter Race because its unpredictability and challenges made her feel more alive than she did in Sugar Rush. Horrified at the thought of Vanellope leaving him, Ralph turns to Spamley for a way to make Slaughter Race unsatisfying for Vanellope by slowing down everything in the game. Spamley takes Ralph to meet Double Dan, the creature of the dark web, who gives him Arthur, an insecurity virus, which replicates any flaw it finds; when Ralph unleashes the virus in Slaughter Race, it unexpectedly replicates Vanellope's glitch across the game, triggering a server reboot and forcing Ralph to rescue Vanellope before the reboot deletes her from the game.
Vanellope assumes the crash was her fault. Feeling betrayed, she furiously disowns Ralph as her best friend and symbolizes it by throwing away the hero medal. While Ralph recovers the now broken-in-half medal, Arthur scans him and duplicates his personality flaws; this creates a legion of possessive Ralph clones that cause serious damage to the Internet on a rampant search for Vanellope. The real Ralph finds her, they work with Yesss to lead the clones into an antivirus software district, but the clones combine into Ralphzilla, a gigantic Ralph automaton. Seeing Ralph is fighting a losing battle, Vanellope surrenders herself, but Ralph refuses to accept this, he confronts his clones, owning up to his selfishness and possessiveness of Vanellope in the process, telling them physical separation does not mean the end of their friendship. With his insecurities resolved, the clones disintegrate, the Internet is restored, while Ralph is saved from falling to his death by the Disney Princesses. Shank arranges for Vanellope to respawn in Slaughter Race, allowing her to stay.
Ralph gives her half of the broken medal. As Sugar Rush is plugged back in, Ralph returns to the arcade and comes to terms with Vanellope's absence as he partakes in social activities with other game characters while staying in touch with Vanellope through video chat
The Sheridan College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning called Sheridan College of Applied Arts and Technology known as Sheridan College, is a diploma- and degree-granting polytechnic institute in Ontario, with 23,000 full-time students and 35,000 continuing education students. Founded in 1967, the college offers programs in animation and illustration, music theatre and design, applied computing, engineering technology, community studies, liberal studies. There are campuses in Oakville and Mississauga. In 2018, it was announced that in Sheridan will open a new campus in Brampton, Ontario in partnership with Ryerson University; the campus will be located on south-east corner of Church Street West and Mill Street North in Brampton. The new campus will focus on delivering programs in science, engineering and mathematics. Sheridan College was established in mid of 1967; the "School of Graphic Design" was located in Brampton, Ontario until 1970, when it moved to the new campus in Oakville, Ontario.
The Brampton campus was a converted public high school, in condemned status until re-fitted for use by Sheridan College. The school and area were subsequently replaced by residential homes; the new Oakville location was still under construction when classes began in the fall of 1970. The classes were held in a large open area under triangular skylights which allowed excellent lighting for the students; the photography department used a well equipped photo studio area and darkrooms for processing film and prints. That building has become merged with many other structures as extensive expansion of the campus has occurred on an ongoing basis; the main courses taught that year were graphic design, fashion design and animation. In the 1960s and early 1970s, the Canadian animation industry was little formed and non-existent, excepting animation pioneers of the National Film Board, and such Canadian studios as Crawley Films in Ottawa and The Guest Group in Toronto, a group of creative companies owned and run by Al Guest.
The situation began to change in the late 1960s with Rocket Robin Hood, produced by Al Guest and his partner Jean Mathieson. In 1968 President Porter organized the school's first course in classical animation though at the time there was little evidence of demand for graduates; the school took advantage of the closing of Al Guest's studio following the production of Rocket Robin Hood and were able to buy up the cameras and animation equipment. Subsequently and Mathieson served as creative advisors to Sheridan and hired a number of Sheridan graduates as key personnel for their new studio Rainbow Animation. In 1984, Sheridan student John Minnis created the short animation piece Charade; the five-minute film was animated by Minnis with Pantone markers on paper during a single three-month summer term at Sheridan College. The film won the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 57th Academy Awards; as Sheridan's animation department continued to grow, it produced hundreds of animators into Canadian and international studios, at one point in 1996 being called "the Harvard of animation schools" on "a worldwide basis" by animator Michael Hirsh.
A significant number of graduates have held key positions at Walt Disney Animation Studios, Don Bluth Productions, Pixar Animation Studios, DreamWorks Animation, both for traditional and CGI animation. Sheridan graduates include five Academy Award nominees and two winners, in 2005, animation professor Kaj Pindal won an Emmy Award. Former President Dr. Jeff Zabudsky announced in 2012 that Sheridan College would seek to become a university by 2020; the college began implementing several changes to meet the non-binding criteria of a university as set by Universities Canada including: the establishment of an academic senate to set policy, increasing the number of degree-level courses, increasing the number of instructors with master's and doctoral degrees. The college appointed former Mayor of Mississauga Hazel McCallion as its first chancellor in 2016. Since 2013, there have been numerous Human Rights Applications filed about Sheridan College at the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario. 2013 16 January 2013.
Ou v. Sheridan Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, 2013 HRTO 79. 12 December 2013. Sokal v. Sheridan College, 2013 HRTO 1991. 2014 23 April 2014. Gigler v. Sheridan Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, 2014 HRTO 564. 18 June 2014. Gibson v. YWCA and Sheridan College, 2014 HRTO 883. 31 October 2014. Wallis v. Sheridan College, 2014 HRTO 1611. 31 October 2014. Lumb v. Vita Manor, 2014 HRTO 1610. 2015 July 2, 2015: Kristina Arena vs Sheridan College, 2015 HRTO 882 2016 21 April, 2016. Arena v. Sheridan College, 2016 HRTO 529.15 June, 2016. Casely-Hayford v. Sheridan College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, 2016 HRTO 810. 20 June 2016. Butler v. Sheridan Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, 2016 HRTO 820.27 July 2016. Reeves v. Sheridan College, 2016 HRTO 988. 7 December 2016. Van Woudenberg v. Sheridan College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, 2016 HRTO 1577. 2017 May 16, 2017. Aggarwal v. Sheridan College, 2017 HRTO 545.2018 8 January 2018. Van Woundenberg v. Sheridan College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, 2018 HRTO 27..7 February 2018.
Persaud v. Sheridan College Institute of Technology, 2018 HRTO 149. 5 April 2018. Stafford v. Sheridan College, 2018 HRTO 420. 2019 2 January 2019. Phan v. Sheridan College, 2019 HRTO 2; the University of Guelph announced on Friday, December 7, 2018, that Jane Ngobia ‘the University of Guelph’s assistant vice-pre
Mulan (1998 film)
Mulan is a 1998 American animated musical action adventure film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation for Walt Disney Pictures. It is based on the Chinese legend of Hua Mulan, was Disney's 36th animated feature and the ninth animated film produced and released during the Disney Renaissance, it was directed by Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook, with story by Robert D. San Souci and screenplay by Rita Hsiao, Philip LaZebnik, Chris Sanders, Eugenia Bostwick-Singer, Raymond Singer. Ming-Na Wen, Eddie Murphy, Miguel Ferrer and BD Wong star in the English version, while Jackie Chan provided the voice of Captain Li Shang for the Chinese dubs of the film; the film's plot takes place in China during the Han dynasty, where Fa Mulan, daughter of aged warrior Fa Zhou, impersonates a man to take her father's place during a general conscription to counter a Hun invasion. Produced and released during the Disney Renaissance, Mulan was the first of three features produced at the Disney animation studio at Disney-MGM Studios in Orlando, Florida.
Development for the film began in 1994, when a number of artistic supervisors were sent to China to receive artistic and cultural inspiration. Mulan was well received by critics and the public, grossing $304 million, earning Golden Globe and Academy Award nominations, winning several Annie Awards including Best Animated Feature. A 2004 direct-to-video sequel, Mulan II, followed. A live-action adaptation of the film directed by Niki Caro will be released on March 27, 2020; the Huns, who are led by the ruthless Shan Yu, invade Han China by breaching the Great Wall. The Chinese emperor orders a general mobilization, with conscription notices requiring one man from each family to join the Chinese army; when Fa Mulan hears that her elderly father Fa Zhou, the only man in their family and an army veteran, is once more to go to war, she becomes anxious and apprehensive due to his weakening health. Taking her father's old armor, she disguises herself as a man so that she can enlist instead of her parent.
The family learns of her departure, Mulan's grandmother prays to the family ancestors for Mulan's safety. The ancestors order their "great stone dragon" to protect Mulan. Reporting to the training camp, Mulan is able to pass as a man, although her military skills are lacking. Mushu provides clumsy guidance to Mulan on. Under the command of Captain Li Shang and her fellow recruits Yao and Chien-Po become trained warriors. Desiring to see Mulan succeed, Mushu creates a fake order from Shang's father, General Li, ordering Shang to follow the main imperial army into the mountains; the reinforcements set out, but arrive at a burnt-out encampment and discover that General Li and his troops have been massacred by the Huns. As the reinforcements solemnly leave the mountains, they are ambushed by the Huns, but Mulan cleverly uses a cannon to cause an avalanche, which buries most of the invaders. An enraged Shan Yu slashes her in the chest, her deception is revealed when the wound is bandaged. Instead of executing Mulan as the law requires, Shang spares her life, but nonetheless expels her from the army.
Mulan is left to follow alone as the recruits depart for the imperial city to report the news of the Huns' destruction. However, it is discovered that several Hun warriors, including Shan Yu, have survived the avalanche, Mulan catches sight of them as they make their way to the city, intent on capturing the emperor. At the imperial city, Mulan is unable to convince Shang about Shan Yu's survival; the Huns seize the palace. With Mulan's help, Yao and Chien-Po pose as concubines, are able to enter the palace. With the help of Shang, they defeat Shan Yu's men. Meanwhile, acting on Mulan's instructions and signal, Mushu fires a large skyrocket at Shan Yu; the rocket strikes and propels him into a fireworks launching tower, where he dies in the resulting explosion. Mulan is praised by the Emperor and the assembled inhabitants of the city, who bow to her in an unprecedented honor. While she accepts the crest of the Emperor and the sword of Shan Yu as gifts, she politely declines his offer to be his advisor, asks to return to her family.
Mulan returns home and presents these gifts to her father, overjoyed to have Mulan back safely. Having become enamored with Mulan, Shang soon arrives under the pretext of returning her helmet, but accepts the family's invitation to stay for dinner. Mushu is reinstated as a Fa family guardian by the ancestors amid a returning celebration. Ming-Na Wen as Mulan Eddie Murphy as Mushu BD Wong as Captain Li Shang Miguel Ferrer as Shan Yu June Foray as Grandmother Fa Harvey Fierstein as Yao Gedde Watanabe as Ling Jerry Tondo as Chien-Po James Hong as Chi-Fu Soon-Tek Oh as Fa Zhou Pat Morita as The Emperor of China George Takei as First Ancestor Miriam Margolyes as The Matchmaker Freda Foh Shen as Fa Li James Shigeta as General Li Frank Welker as Cri-Kee and Khan Chris Sanders as Little Brother Mary Kay Bergman as various ancestorsKelly Chen, Coco Lee and Xu Qing voiced Mulan in the Cantonese, Taiwanese Mandarin and Mainland standard versions of the film while Jackie Chan provided the voice of Li Shang in all three Chinese versions and appeared in the version of promo
John Alan Lasseter is an American animator and former chief creative officer of Walt Disney Animation Studios and the defunct Disneytoon Studios. He was the Principal Creative Advisor for Walt Disney Imagineering. Lasseter began his career as an animator with The Walt Disney Company. After being fired from Disney for promoting computer animation, he joined Lucasfilm, where he worked on the then-groundbreaking use of CGI animation; the Graphics Group of the Computer Division of Lucasfilm was sold to Steve Jobs and became Pixar in 1986. Lasseter associated projects as executive producer. In addition, he directed Toy Story, A Bug's Life, Toy Story 2, Cars 2. From 2006 to 2018, Lasseter oversaw all of Walt Disney Animation Studios' films and associated projects as executive producer; the films he has made have grossed more than $19 billion, making him one of the most successful filmmakers of all time. Of the seven animated films that have grossed more than $1 billion, five of them are films executive produced by Lasseter.
The films include Toy Story 3, the first animated film to pass $1 billion, the current highest-grossing animated film of all time, as well as Zootopia, Finding Dory, Incredibles 2. He has won two Academy Awards, for Best Animated Short Film, as well as a Special Achievement Award. In November 2017, Lasseter took a six-month sabbatical from Pixar and Disney Animation after acknowledging "missteps" in his behavior with employees. According to various news outlets, Lasseter had a history of alleged sexual misconduct towards employees. In June 2018, Disney announced that he would be leaving the company at the end of the year when his contract expired, but would take on a consulting role until then. On January 9, 2019, Lasseter was hired to head Skydance Animation. Lasseter was born in California, his mother, Jewell Mae, was an art teacher at Bell Gardens High School, his father, Paul Eual Lasseter, was a parts manager at a Chevrolet dealership. Lasseter is a fraternal twin. Lasseter grew up in California.
His mother's profession contributed to his growing preoccupation with animation. He drew cartoons during church services at the Church of Christ his family attended; as a child, Lasseter would race home from school to watch Chuck Jones cartoons on television. While in high school, he read The Art of Animation by Bob Thomas; the book covered the history of Disney animation and explored the making of Disney's 1959 film Sleeping Beauty, which made Lasseter realize he wanted to do animation himself. When he saw Disney's 1963 film The Sword in the Stone, he made the decision that he should become an animator. Lasseter heard of a new character animation program at the California Institute of the Arts and decided to follow his dream of becoming an animator, his mother further encouraged him to take up a career in animation, in 1975 he enrolled as the second student in the CalArts Character Animation program created by Disney animators Jack Hannah and T. Hee. Lasseter was taught by three members of Disney's Nine Old Men team of veteran animators—Eric Larson, Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston—and his classmates included future animators and directors like Brad Bird, John Musker, Henry Selick, Tim Burton, Chris Buck.
During his time there, he produced two animated shorts—Lady and the Lamp and Nitemare —which each won the student Academy Award for Animation. While at CalArts, Lasseter first started working for the Walt Disney Company at Disneyland in Anaheim during summer breaks and got a job as a Jungle Cruise skipper, where he learned the basics of comedy and comic timing to entertain captive audiences on the ride. Upon graduating in 1979, Lasseter obtained a job as an animator at Walt Disney Productions due to his success with Lady and the Lamp. To put this into perspective, the studio had reviewed 10,000 portfolios in the late 1970s in search of talent selected only about 150 candidates as apprentices, of which only about 45 were kept on permanently. In the fall of 1979, Disney animator Mel Shaw told the Los Angeles Times that "John's got an instinctive feel for character and movement and shows every indication of blossoming here at our studios... In time, he'll make a fine contribution." At that same time, Lasseter worked on a sequence titled "The Emperor and the Nightingale" for a Disney project called Musicana.
Musicana was never released but led to the development of Fantasia 2000. However, Lasseter soon realized something was missing: after 101 Dalmatians, which in his opinion was the film where Disney had reached its highest plateau, the studio had lost momentum and was criticized for repeating itself without adding any new ideas or innovations. Between 1980 and 1981, he coincidentally came across some video tapes from one of the new computer-graphics conferences, who showed some of the beginnings of computer animation floating spheres and such, which he experienced as a revelation, but it wasn't until shortly after, when he was invited by his friends Jerry Rees and Bill Kroyer, while working on Mickey's Christmas Carol, to come and see the first light cycle sequences for an upcoming film entitled Tron, featuring state-of-the-art computer-generated imagery, that he saw the huge potential of this new technology in animation. Up to tha