Diamond Harbour, New Zealand
Diamond Harbour is a small settlement on Banks Peninsula, in Canterbury, New Zealand. It is on the peninsula's northern coast, on the southern shores of Lyttelton Harbour, is administratively part of the city of Christchurch; the area was named by Mark Stoddart, who bought 500 acres of land in the area in 1856. The name is applied not only to Diamond Harbour proper but to the nearby settlements of Church Bay, Charteris Bay, Purau. In the 2006 census, this area had a population of under 1,400. A ferry connects Diamond Harbour to Lyttelton, on the harbour's northern shore. In combination with buses from Lyttelton to Christchurch, this allows residents of Diamond Harbour to commute to the city; until 2012 Godley House, built in 1880 by Harvey Hawkins on land purchased from Stoddart, was still standing. However, it has since been demolished. Stoddart Cottage, built for Stoddart's wedding in 1862, is the oldest building still standing, was registered by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust as a Category I historic building in 1990.
The artist Margaret Stoddart grew up in the cottage. The centre of the village has two cafes, a library, community hall, medical centre and a small post office, all overlooking the village cricket pitch; the Official Diamond Harbour Community Association website The Original Diamond Harbour website
Lyttelton, New Zealand
Lyttelton is a port town on the north shore of Lyttelton Harbour, at the northwestern end of Banks Peninsula and close to Christchurch, on the eastern coast of the South Island of New Zealand. Due to its establishment as a landing point for Christchurch-bound seafarers, Lyttelton has been regarded as the "Gateway to Canterbury" for colonial settlers; the port remains a regular destination for cruise liners and is the South Island's principal goods transport terminal, handling 34% of exports and 61% of imports by value. In 2009 Lyttelton was awarded Category I Historic Area status by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust defined as "an area of special or outstanding historical or cultural heritage significance or value". According to the 2013 census, the usual resident population of Lyttelton, including neighbouring communities of Rapaki, Cass Bay and Corsair Bay, was 2,859. Lyttelton is the largest settlement on Lyttelton Harbour, an inlet on the northwestern side of Banks Peninsula extending 18 km inland from the southern end of Pegasus Bay.
The town is situated on the lower slopes of the Port Hills, which form the northern side of the harbour and separate Lyttelton from the city of Christchurch. This steep-sided crater rim acts as a boundary to urban development. A tunnel through the Port Hills provides direct road access to 12 km to the northwest; the town of Sumner, some 6 km to the northeast, is accessed via Evans Pass, however this link has been closed since the 2011 Christchurch earthquake and is due to reopen in March 2019. Another settlement at Governors Bay lies 10 km to the west and a frequent ferry service connects the suburb of Diamond Harbour on the southern shore of the harbour; the uninhabited Quail Island sits in the upper harbour southwest of Lyttelton. A home for Māori for about 700 years, Lyttelton Harbour was discovered by European voyagers passing by on 16 February 1770 during the Endeavour's first voyage to New Zealand. Aiming to establish a Church of England colony in New Zealand, the Canterbury Association was founded in 1848.
As Lyttelton was a harbour, had a large amount of flat land suitable for farming and development nearby, it was ideal for a colony. Joseph Thomas as the agent of the Canterbury Association and its chief surveyor was in charge of preparing the settlement for the settlers, he placed the port town at Rapaki and the settlement's capital and the head of the harbour at present-day Teddington. But none of these initial ideas proved feasible, as Rapaki was not available, as it had been promised to Maori as a reserve, required reclamation at the head of the harbour for the capital was estimated as too expensive. Early survey work in Lyttelton was done by Thomas and Charles Torlesse, but most of it until completion in September 1849 was done by Edward Jollie. In his diary, Jollie explains how the streets got their names: The names of the streets of the three towns I surveyed were taken from Bishoprics and the way it was done was this. If I agreed with him that it did, I put the name to one of the streets requiring baptism.
Lyttelton being the first-born town got the best names for its streets, Sumner being next had the next best and Christchurch being the youngest had to be content with chiefly Irish and Colonial bishoprics as names for its streets. This accounts for, what to anyone not knowing the circumstances, appears strange, viz: that many of the best English Bishoprics are not represented while Irish and Colonial ones are. In August 1849 it was proclaimed a port. Pilgrim's Rock shows the place; the present location of the rock is well inland from the sea, as much of Lyttelton's dockside has been reclaimed from the harbour waters in recent years. Lyttelton was called Port Cooper and Port Victoria, it was the original settlement in the district. The name Lyttelton was given to it in honour of George William Lyttelton of the Canterbury Association, which had led the colonisation of the area; the Lyttelton Times was one of the principal newspapers of the Canterbury region for 80 years, published from 1851 until 1929, at which time it became the Christchurch Times, until publication ceased in 1935.
On 1 July 1862, the first telegraph transmission in New Zealand was made from Lyttelton Post Office. In 1870, fire destroyed all the wooden buildings on the main street of Lyttelton; the Lyttelton Timeball Station was erected in 1876 and started signalling Greenwich Mean Time to ships in the harbour that year. It was one of the world's five working timeball stations until it was destroyed by the June 2011 Christchurch earthquake; the castle-like building was located high on a ridge above the port with extensive views over the harbour. The tower, but not the rest of the building, has been faithfully reconstructed and was once again in working order at the end of 2018. On 1 January 1908, the Nimrod Expedition, headed by Ernest Shackleton to explore Antarctica left from the harbour here; the Lyttelton Harbour Board was created in 1877 to be in charge of the harbour's management. It was dissolved in 1989 after the passing of the 1988 Port Companies Act, which forced it to split into two separate organisations, one commercial and one non-commercial.
In 1996 the Lyttelton Port Company registered on the New Zealand Stock Exchange. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake damaged some of Lyttelton's historic buil
Akaroa is a small town on Banks Peninsula in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand, situated within a harbour of the same name. The name Akaroa is Kāi Tahu Māori for "Long Harbour", which would be spelled "Whangaroa" in standard Māori; the town is 84 kilometres by road from Christchurch and is the terminus of State Highway 75. It is set on a sheltered harbour and is overlooked and surrounded by the remnants of a miocene volcano. Akaroa is dependent upon rainfall on the hills. Akaroa is a popular resort town. Many Hector's dolphins may be found within the harbour, and'swim with the dolphins' boat tours are a major tourist attraction. In the 2013 New Zealand census, the permanent population was 624, an increase of 9.5% since 2006. The town has a high ratio of residents aged over 65.Ōnuku marae, a marae of Ngāi Tahu and its Ōnuku Rūnanga branch, is located in Akaroa. It includes the Karaweko wharenui. In 1830, the Māori settlement at Takapuneke, just east of the current town of Akaroa, became the scene of a notorious incident.
The captain of the British brig Elizabeth, John Stewart, helped North Island Ngāti Toa chief, Te Rauparaha, to capture the local Kāi Tahu chief, Tāmaiharanui, his wife Te Whe and his young daughter, Roimata. The settlement of Takapuneke was sacked. Concern over the complicity of John Stewart, amongst other lawlessness among Europeans in New Zealand, led to the appointment of an official British Resident James Busby to New Zealand in 1832 – the first step in the British involvement that led to the Treaty of Waitangi. In 1832, Te Rauparaha, fresh from his successful three-month siege of Kaiapoi, took the pā on the Ōnawe Peninsula at the head of Akaroa Harbour. In 1838, Captain Jean François Langlois made a provisional purchase of land in "the greater Banks Peninsula" from 12 Kāi Tahu chiefs. A deposit of commodities in the value of £6 was paid and a further £234 worth of commodities was to be paid at a period. On his return to France, he advertised for settlers to go to New Zealand, ceded his interest in the land to the Nanto-Bordelaise Company, of which he became a part owner.
On 9 March 1840, 63 emigrants left from Rochefort. The settlers embarked for New Zealand on the Comte de Paris, an old man-of-war ship given to them by the French government; the Comte de Paris and its companion ship the Aube, captained by Commodore Charles-François Lavaud, arrived in the Bay of Islands in the North Island on 11 July 1840, where they discovered that, while they were at sea, the Banks Peninsula had been claimed by the British. The French established a settlement. Given that the French colonists had set out for New Zealand on the assumption that the land was theirs, the New Zealand authorities made a grant of 30,000 acres to the Nanto-Bordelaise Company, which ceded all rights to the peninsula for ₤4,500. Before 1840, the area of the current Akaroa town was known as Wangaloa, the subsequent French settlement was known as Port Louis-Philippe, named after the French king of the time; the area still has a French influence, reflected in many local placenames. After being informed of the French intention to colonise Akaroa and to further its use as a whaling port, the Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, Captain William Hobson, sent the ship HMS Britomart to proclaim sovereignty over the area for the British Crown.
HMS Britomart arrived in Akaroa on 16 August 1840, although the captain's log shows the arrival date as 11 August. Captain Stanley raised the British flag, held a court at each of the occupied settlements, to convince the French that the area was indeed under British control. A monument at the eastern edge of the town commemorates the British arrival. James Robinson Clough known as Jimmy Robinson, had arrived at Akaroa several years before, he acted as interpreter for Captain Owen Stanley at the flag-raising of 1840, was the first Pākehā to travel up the Avon River in 1843. Clough's descendants are still prominent on the Peninsula today. British immigrants settled in both Akaroa and German Bay, along with many German farmers, who set up dairy and cocksfoot farms; the great majority of the artifacts held at Akaroa Museum are of the early farming community and their way of life at the time. Bob Parker, former mayor of Banks Peninsula and former resident Hugh Wilson, botanist living at Hinewai Reserve over the hill from Akaroa Frank Worsley and explorer who served on Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914–1916, as captain of the Endurance
Papanui is a major suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. It is situated five kilometers to the northwest of the city centre. Papanui is a middle socio-economic area with a population of 3,543 consisting predominantly of Pākehā 92.3%, Māori 5.7%, Pacific peoples 2.5%, Asian 5.0%, Middle Eastern/Latin American/African 0.5%. The suburb is located at the junction of three busy thoroughfares. However, as with most Christchurch suburbs, Papanui has no defined borders. Christchurch is internationally known as the "Garden City" and Papanui is a fine example of the city's gardening prowess; the city has warm summers and cool winters, is the gateway to Mount Hutt and other Southern Alps ski-fields, to whale watching in Kaikoura. The Māori name Papanui translated means'Big plain', a name which would aptly suit most of central Christchurch, one of New Zealand's flattest cities. Another meaning applicable to the district in the early days, is a platform set in the branches of a tree to accommodate a bird-spearer.
A third meaning for the word Papanui refers to a large funeral pyre. According to the legend, Tuhaitara, a Ngāi Tahu princess, sent her eldest son, Tamarairoa to Papanui to kill her former husband Marukore, but Marukore was aware of his sons intentions and when Tamarairoa and his younger brother arrived Marukore killed them both and burnt their bodies on a huge pyre. Over the last 160 years Papanui has developed into a major suburban centre and is a satellite centre for Government and City Council services; these include the central government'Super Centre' in Winstone Avenue, Housing New Zealand in Restell Street and the Council Service Centre and Library on Langdons Road. The area has five primary schools. Commercial growth has been strong with most of the Trades and Professions centred on the shopping areas. There is little farm land left in the suburb with most of it having been developed into residential and commercial properties; the original Papanui shopping village is located at the Papanui Junction and the area is home to Northlands Shopping Centre on the Main North Road, one of the largest malls in the South Island.
Papanui's location in the north western area of the city saved it from the worst of the liquefaction, suffered by the eastern and southern areas. The Papanui Building at 1 Main North Road was damaged by the first two main earthquakes and demolition commenced on 23 February 2011, the day after the second earthquake. All of the churches in the area were damaged to some extent; the St Paul's Vicarage was badly damaged and has been demolished. St Paul's Anglican Church is still under repair with the scaffolding now being removed from the bell tower. A source close to the parish says it will reopen in September 2013. St Giles Presbyterian Church was un-repairable and has been demolished. Only the parish centre now remains there; the status of St Joseph's Catholic Church and the Papanui North Methodist Church repair or demolition has still not been resolved. The Sanitarium factory was significantly damaged and although production was halted for a while it is online with repairs being made. Many of the older shops in the Papanui Village were damaged and demolished.
It is pleasing to see the new buildings replacing the old broken ones. There are numerous reserves and parks within the suburban boundaries, the two most notable of these are as follow: The Papanui Domain sited on Sawyers Arms Road where the Papanui Bush was clear felled in the 1850s, it is predominantly used for rugby league and softball, with the rugby league clubrooms adjoining on the southern boundary. In the early days it was used for cycle racing. St James Park, most named after its road frontage, is predominantly used for croquet and soccer, it is one of the most beautiful parks in the city with tree lined walkways and gardens. The park in the heart of Papanui is the best location to see over-wintering monarch butterflies. On a warm sunny late autumn or early winter's day head to the children's play ground and look into the leafless old trees. There you will see monarchs clustering together holding on to the remaining leaves for support, it ís a great spot for a picnic beneath the trees with monarchs fluttering in the air above.
Before European settlement Papanui, like much of Christchurch, was marshy ground covered with native flax and raupō brush. There was an abundance of forest birds, it is believed in 1800 as many as 5000 Māori lived in Canterbury, but from disease like measles and influenza, introduced through the early whaling settlements on Banks Peninsula, through tribal wars the number had fallen to around 500 in 1840. While most of the plains in the South Island of New Zealand were deforested by either the Māori or the so-called moa hunters in the mid-1300s, Papanui Bush was one of the few stands of pine and totara left in the Canterbury region at the time of European colonisation; the Canterbury Association's surveyor Captain Joseph Thomas and his team of surveyors arrived in Lyttelton on 15 December 1848 on the ship Fly. They began to survey the Port Hills and Canterbury Plains around what would become Christchurch and its suburbs; as chief agent for the association Thomas was responsible for preparing the infrastructure for the arrival of the first settlers at Lyttelton in December 1850.
The First Four Ships, Charlotte J
Little River, New Zealand
Little River is a town on Banks Peninsula in the Canterbury region of New Zealand. Little River is 30 minutes drive from Akaroa, a tourist destination on Banks Peninsula, 45 minutes drive from Christchurch, it is on State Highway 75, which links Akaroa. Little River is a great place to visit for walks and mountain biking, is a popular stop over for its cafe and art gallery; the road from Christchurch is at sea level but once past Little River, the road rises steeply and twists and turns its way to the top of the summit road. From the summit at Hilltop, all of the bays on the peninsula are accessible on steep and twisting roads leading down to them. Not all roads are sealed and some are more suited to four wheel drive vehicles; the Little River Rail Trail is a cycling and walking track that opened in 2006, which follows the course of the old Little River Branch railway that ran to Little River from its junction with the Southbridge Branch in Lincoln. This branch line was opened to Little River on 11 March 1886, closed to passengers on 14 April 1951, closed to all traffic on 30 June 1962.
Between 1927 and 1934, Little River railway passengers were served by the experimental and popular Edison battery-electric railcar, the only one of its type to be built. The population early last century numbered in the thousands, people were employed in timber milling and farming. A localised but major industry was the harvesting and threshing of cocksfoot. Today the population of the area is one thousand people, with people moving into the area seeking a more country / rural lifestyle; every year in January the Little River Agricultural and Pastoral Show is held in the beautiful Awa-Iti Domain situated in the middle of the town. This attracts many visitors as well as exhibitors and competitors in the equestrian arena and the numerous displays of sheep, dog trialling, produce and cooking. Little River nestles in a deep valley and myriads of streams and springs converge to form the Okana and Okuti Rivers; the combined waters form the Takiritawai River, a short stream which flows into the eastern end of Lake Wairewa / Lake Forsyth.
The lake and streams abound in trout and eel. The world record for the largest brown trout caught was held by one of these rivers in the 1960s. On 19 October 2011, the Okana River caused the worst flooding in Little River for many years, with State Highway 75 closed. Long term residents believe that the flooding was the worst since the "Wahine storm" on 10 April 1968. Photo of cyclists outside Little River Hotel, 1885
New Brighton, New Zealand
New Brighton is a coastal suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, 8 kilometres east of the city centre. At the 2013 census, it had a population of 2,442; the Christchurch earthquakes caused significant damage in the area. New Brighton is one of eastern Christchurch's main entertainment and tourist centres, with its architecturally unique pier and scenic coastline; the naming of New Brighton was done on a'spur of moment' decision by William Fee, an early settler of the area. When Guise Brittan, the Waste Lands Commissioner, visited the area in December 1860, he was recognised and Fee chalked'New Brighton' on a wooden plank in reference to his fellow settler Stephen Brooker, who had come from New Brighton in England; the Māori name for the area is O-ruapaeroa. The suburb is referred to as Brighton leading to confusion with Brighton near Dunedin. There have been two piers in New Brighton; the first pier, of wooden construction, opened on 18 January 1894 and was demolished on 12 October 1965. The current concrete pier was opened on 1 November 1997.
It is one of the icons of Christchurch. The pier will close for earthquake repairs in 2016, is expected to reopen in early 2018; the suburb is divided into three sections spread along the southern coast of Pegasus Bay: North New Brighton. A 300 metres pier was built here in the 1990s, opened on 1 November 1997. New Brighton was a distinct coastal village, separated from the outer suburbs of Christchurch by the swampy areas adjoining the Avon River. However, urban expansion, land reclamation and drainage have led to Brighton being swallowed by Christchurch city; the current attractions of the area include: A sandy beach, suitable for surfing, stretching 18 km from the Waimakariri River mouth in the north, to the spit in the south New Brighton's Seaside Market – held weekly in the pedestrian part of the New Brighton Mall Pier and Council library on the foreshore, in Central New Brighton The New Brighton and Districts Museum, located on Hardy Street Home of the first surf life saving club in New Zealand established in 1910 North Beach Surf Club to the north and South New Brighton Surf Club to the south Rawhiti Domain – with a Christchurch City Council-run golf links, tennis courts, dog park, rugby fields, cricket ovals, netball courts, community carden, archery club and children's play area New Brighton host a variety of free public events: Staged every February, the annual Coast to Coast race finishes at New Brighton.
Competitors traverse the island by running and cycling. Held in February annually. Held in January annually; every February annually, Happy New Brighton Day is one of the largest community events held in New Brighton. This is held in November annually. There is a display of Fireworks on the New Brighton Pier, beginning at sunset about 9.00pm, as well as a lights show off the pier and music. For several decades, New Brighton had the distinction of being the only place in Christchurch where general retail shops were permitted to open on Saturdays, the business district thrived as a result. With the introduction of nationwide Saturday trading in 1980, seven-day trading in 1990, retail activity declined significantly. A variety of bus routes connect the city centre with New Brighton; as of 2015 there are four operating primary schools in New Brighton. This includes New Brighton Catholic and Rawhiti beach campus in central New Brighton, South New Brighton primary in the south New Brighton and Rawhiti QE2 base in North New Brighton.
In early 2015, the Christchurch City Council and the Ministry of Education announced that North New Brighton's QE2 park would be accommodating the new 80 million dollar joint secondary school campus consisting of Shirley Boys and Avonside Girls high schools, along the 39 million dollar Eastern Recreation and sports facility. 2015 A number of well known sports groups represent the local area. Some of the most notable groups are the New Brighton Rugby club; the New Brighton cricket club and the New Brighton Olympic Athletic club. Other groups include the Christchurch Archery club and New Brighton long boarders club. Home of the oldest Surf Life Saving Club in New Zealand, The New Brighton Surf Bathing &Life Saving Club, established in 1910. Due in part to the ground on which it was built, the consequences for New Brighton of the 2011 earthquake did not only relate to building damage. In December 2012 residents held a protest against the perceived slow progress of rebuilding in the area following the region's damaging earthquakes, in which 80 people bared their bottoms.
Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker said he wasn't offended, but the residents were "wrong". These feelings of neglect by the Christchurch City Council would continue to persist. Groups such as the Peoples independent Republic of New Brighton was formed by Paul Zaaman, The New Brighton Businesses and landowners association spokesperson, in order to protest lack of investment by the Christchurch City Council into New Brighton. New Brighton was named to be the host the finish of the annual Speight's Coast to Coast multisport race in February 2015; the previous finishing point of the race was in Sumner. NIWA: Pier-cam hourly image New Brighton Pier, circa 1915, Christchurch City Libraries New Brighton Surf Club Edge of the East 2016, Christchurch City Libraries
Charles Seymour "Chas" Luney, was a New Zealand builder and company director. He is notable for the many important buildings that his company constructed in Christchurch, of which his favourite was Christchurch Town Hall, his professional career spanned 80 years. Luney was born in Lyttelton, his father was a carpenter. The family struggled financially and Luney attended several primary schools, including one in Canada for one year, he attended Christchurch Boys' High School for two years and was apprenticed as a joiner. Two events in his early life shaped Luney, he was unjustly held responsible for the death of his younger brother, it made him determined to care for his family. Missing Scout camp because his father could not afford the ten shillings made him value money and realise that it only came from effort, he saved and persistently all his life and he hated unnecessary wastage. Luney met his wife to be in 1923 at the Christchurch Show, he employed her as office secretary and office manager and one of his intentions with, to keep other men away from her.
They had four daughters. Luney founded his own firm, C S Luney Ltd, in 1926 with £300 he saved up himself; the company has never had an overdraft facility, which prevented it from going bankrupt during the Great Depression in the 1930s. In the early years the company's projects were garages for the growing number of car owners in Christchurch. In 1930 the firm completed its first major project, the Radiant Hall, financed by Thomas Edmonds, the manufacturer of Edmonds Baking Powder; the firm continued to grow and went on to build a number of prominent Christchurch buildings, many designed by Warren and Mahoney. Luney was appointed a Companion of the Queen's Service Order for public services in the 1983 New Year Honours, a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to the building industry and the community in the 1997 New Year Honours. Luney was still supervising construction work in his 90s. Miles Warren said of him that he was a "pressure-wave of energy" and he called him "one of the great characters of Christchurch".
His favourite project was the Christchurch Town Hall, built between 1969 and 1972. For the construction of the Westpac Centre in Addington, he used "every piece of scaffolding available in the South Island", according to his biographer John Coley. Luney died on 18 November 2006, aged 101, his wife, who had died before him in 2001, had said of him that he was "too busy to grow old". He was survived by twelve grandchildren and 10 great-grandchildren. During his lifetime Luney was chosen to be included in the Twelve Local Heroes sculpture on Worcester Boulevard in front of the Christchurch Arts Centre."Charles Luney - Master Builder" directed by Samuel A. Miller; the Film, completed in Christchurch, New Zealand, includes interviews with C. S. Luney in 2003; the Earthquakes delayed production but the film has been released. The film selected for the UK's Sheffield Doc/Fest Videotheque www.sheffdocfest.com Website: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt4283860/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1 Luney's firm has constructed the following notable buildings in Christchurch: Christchurch City Libraries Christchurch Town Hall Christchurch Hospital refurbishment Princess Margaret Hospital CBS Canterbury Arena