Christian August of Saxe-Zeitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
His Eminence
Christian August von Sachsen-Zeitz
Cardinal, Archbishop of Esztergom
Primate of Hungary
Christian August Saxe-Zeitz.jpg
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Esztergom
Appointed 24 January 1701
In office 1707-1725
Predecessor Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch
Successor Imre Esterházy
Other posts Bishop of Győr
Created cardinal 17 May 1706
by Clement XI
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1666-10-09)9 October 1666
Moritzburg, Germany
Died 23 August 1725(1725-08-23) (aged 58)
Regensburg, Germany
Buried St. Martin's Cathedral, Bratislava
Nationality German
Coat of arms Christian August von Sachsen-Zeitz's coat of arms

Christian August of Saxe-Zeitz (9 October 1666 in Moritzburg – 23 August 1725 in Regensburg), was a German prince of the House of Wettin.

Christian August of Saxe-Zeitz was a Teutonic Knight, the Primas of Hungary and finally a cardinal. On 22 May 1712 he crowned Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor as the King of Hungary and on 18 October 1714 also his wife Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in St. Martin's Cathedral.


He was the third (but second surviving) son of Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz, and his second wife, Dorothea Maria of Saxe-Weimar.

A Teutonic Knight, he converted to Catholicism in 1696 and became Provost of Cologne (1696–1725), then Bishop of Raab (1696–1725) and finally on 17 May 1706 was created a Cardinal by Pope Clement XI.

He was chosen to convert his kinsman, the King-Elector August the Strong of Poland to the Catholic faith. Christian August instructed him secretly and on 1 June 1697 baptized him secretly in the Court Chapel (Hofkapelle) in Baden bei Wien, then publicly and solemnly in the German Piekar in Oppeln. When the conversion was finally formalized, Christian August issued a certificate to the king, which was authenticated by the Papal nunzio.

In 1707 Christian August was elected Archbishop of Esztergom (Gran) and consequently, Primas of Hungary. He used the office of a deputy of the Emperor as Principal Commissioner (Prinzipalkommissar) in the Perpetual Imperial Diet (Reichstag) of Regensburg.

On the occasion of the victory over the Turks in Belgrade in 1717 Christian August, as representative of the Emperor Charles VI, organized a magnificent celebration in the Imperial Diet realm. During the festivities, the Order of St. Emmeram was created in the knight's hall on 26 October.

The death of his brother Maurice Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz, on 15 November 1718 without surviving male issue, made him heir to the duchy of Saxe-Zeitz, but because he took the monastic vows (and the next in line to the inheritance, Christian August's nephew Maurice Adolf, was also a priest), Zeitz was merged into the Electorate of Saxony in accordance with the will of Elector Johann Georg I.


Christian August of Saxe-Zeitz died on 23 August 1725 in Regensburg. He is buried in the crypts of St. Martin's Cathedral in Bratislava the capital of present-day Slovakia.


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch
Archbishop of Esztergom
Succeeded by
Imre Esterházy