Netherlands Institute for Art History
The Netherlands Institute for Art History or RKD is located in The Hague and is home to the largest art history center in the world. The center specializes in documentation and books on Western art from the late Middle Ages until modern times. All of this is open to the public, much of it has been digitized and is available on their website; the main goal of the bureau is to collect and make art research available, most notably in the field of Dutch Masters. Via the available databases, the visitor can gain insight into archival evidence on the lives of many artists of past centuries; the library owns 450,000 titles, of which ca. 150,000 are auction catalogs. There are ca. 3,000 magazines, of which 600 are running subscriptions. Though most of the text is in Dutch, the standard record format includes a link to library entries and images of known works, which include English as well as Dutch titles; the RKD manages the Dutch version of the Art and Architecture Thesaurus, a thesaurus of terms for management of information on art and architecture.
The original version is an initiative of the Getty Research Institute in California. The collection was started through bequests by Frits Lugt, art historian and owner of a massive collection of drawings and prints, Cornelis Hofstede de Groot, a collector, art historian and museum curator, their bequest formed the basis for both the art collection and the library, now housed in the Koninklijke Bibliotheek. Though not all of the library's holdings have been digitised, much of its metadata is accessible online; the website itself is available in both an English user interface. In the artist database RKDartists, each artist is assigned a record number. To reference an artist page directly, use the code listed at the bottom of the record of the form: https://rkd.nl/en/explore/artists/ followed by the artist's record number. For example, the artist record number for Salvador Dalí is 19752, so his RKD artist page can be referenced. In the images database RKDimages, each artwork is assigned a record number.
To reference an artwork page directly, use the code listed at the bottom of the record of the form: https://rkd.nl/en/explore/images/ followed by the artwork's record number. For example, the artwork record number for The Night Watch is 3063, so its RKD artwork page can be referenced; the Art and Architecture Thesaurus assigns a record for each term, but these can not be referenced online by record number. Rather, they are used in the databases and the databases can be searched for terms. For example, the painting called "The Night Watch" is a militia painting, all records fitting this keyword can be seen by selecting this from the image screen; the thesaurus is a set of general terms, but the RKD contains a database for an alternate form of describing artworks, that today is filled with biblical references. This is the iconclass database. To see all images that depict Miriam's dance, the associated iconclass code 71E1232 can be used as a special search term. Official website Direct link to the databases The Dutch version of the Art and Architecture Thesaurus
Charlottenborg Palace is a large town mansion located on the corner of Kongens Nytorv and Nyhavn in Copenhagen, Denmark. Built as a residence for Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve, it has served as the base of the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts since its foundation in 1754. Today it houses Kunsthal Charlottenborg, an institution for contemporary art, Danmarks Kunstbibliotek, the Royal Art Library; the site was donated by King Christian V to his half brother Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve on 22 March 1669 in connection with the establishment of Kongens Nytorv. Gyldenløve built his new mansion from 1672 to 1683 as the first building on the new square; the main wing and two lateral wings were built from 1672 to 1677 under the architect Ewert Janssen. In 1783 mansion was extended with a rear, fourth wing was designed by Lambert van Haven; the bricks used were brought from Kalø Castle in Jutland which Gyldenløve had pulled down. In his old age, the large mansion became too big for Gyldenløve who sold it to the dowager queen Charlotte Amalie in 1700, hence the name.
Gyldenløve built a new, smaller mansion on the corner of Bredgade and Dronningens Tværgade which became known as "Gyldenløve's little mansion", now Moltke's Mansion, after a owner, where he lived until his death in 1705. After King Christian V´s death in 1699 the Queen Mother, Charlotte Amalie, purchased the Palace for 50,000 Danish crowns and it was renamed Charlottenborg Palace. In 1714, when the Queen Dowager died, the place was passed to King Christian VI. Renovations began in 1736-1737, its use and users shifted for a period of time. A small theater was constructed and used for various concerts and theatrical performances; the Palace Garden contained the Botanical Garden between 1778 - 1872. In 1701, the old Academy of Arts began its activities in the Palace; the small school grew and was formally inaugurated in the Charlottenborg Palace on March 31, 1754. In 1787, the ownership of the Palace was transferred to The Royal Danish Academy of Art; the Academy still occupies the Palace. Charlottenborg is a four-winged, three-storey building designed in the Dutch Baroque style but with some Italian influence.
The main wing towards the square has a central risalit flanked by two more pronounced, two-bay corner risalit. All three are topped by balustrades; the central risalit is decorated with Corinthian pilasters and a Tuscan/Doric portal with balcony The facade has sandstone decorations and window pediments. The lower rear wing consists of three pavilions; the central pavilion has a Tuscan arcade below, niches with busts above, a lantern on the copper-covered roof. The floor plan is remniscient of French castles, it has a piano nobile with a banguet hall above the main entrance, with access to the balcony, a ground floor with lower ceilings, a second floors for servants with lower ones. Ths arrangement became characteristic of mansions and upper-class town houses in the entire 18th century. In the rear wing, above the arcade, there is a well-preserved domed Baroque room with a splendid stucco ceiling. Royal Danish Academy of Art Kunsthal Charlottenborg, Exhibition Hall Danish National Art Library In the 2015 drama film The Danish Girl, Charlottenborg is the location where Einar and Gerda meet as students at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts.
Architecture of Denmark Art of Denmark Charlottenborg Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi Kunsthal Charlottenborg Danmarks Kunstbibliotek
Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts has provided education in the arts for more than 250 years, playing its part in the development of the art of Denmark. The Royal Danish Academy of Portraiture and Architecture in Copenhagen was inaugurated on 31 March 1754, given as a gift to the King Frederik V on his 31st birthday, its name was changed to the Royal Danish Academy of Painting and Architecture in 1771. At the same event, Johann Friedrich Struensee introduced a new scheme in the academy to encourage artisan apprentices to take supplementary classes in drawing so as to develop the notion of "good taste"; the building boom resulting from the Great Fire of 1795 profited from this initiative. In 1814 the name was changed again, this time to the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, it is still situated in its original building, the Charlottenborg Palace, located on the Kongens Nytorv in Copenhagen. The School of Architecture has been situated in former naval buildings on Holmen since 1996; the academy is larger and better funded than the Jutland Art Academy and Funen Art Academy, which offer similar programs.
It teaches and conducts research on the subjects of painting, architecture, graphics and video and in the history of those subjects. The academy is under the administration of the Danish Ministry of Culture; the Academy’s School of Architecture offers education in the fields of architectural design and restoration and landscape planning and industrial and furniture design. The school has four research institutes and six affiliated research centres; the undergraduate course, leading to the Bachelor of Architecture diploma, lasts three years while the Master of Arts in Architecture is a two-year graduate course. Notable Danish architect Arne Jacobsen, a major influence behind the Architectural Functionalism, studied at the Academy, as did Bjarke Ingels, the rising star in the world of architecture and design. In 2011, the Wall Street Journal named Ingels the Innovator of the Year for architecture. Kunstakademiets Billedkunstskoler, The School of Visual Arts Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole, The School of Architecture Kunstakademiets Designskole, The School of Design Kunstakademiets Konservatorskole, The School of Conservation Det Kongelige Akademi for de Skønne Kunster C. F.
Hansen Medal Thorvaldsen Medal Eckersberg Medal Thorvald Bindesbøll Medal N. L. Høyen Medal The School of Visual Arts C. C. A. Christensen Olafur Eliasson Lili Elbe Oluf Hartmann Jeppe Hein Georg Jensen Jane Jin Kaisen Karl Kvaran Asger Jorn Caspar David FriedrichThe School of Architecture Jan Gehl Birgit Cold Knud Holscher Bjarke Ingels Victor Isbrand Arne Jacobsen Finn Juhl Kaare Klint Henning Larsen Alex Popov Steen Eiler Rasmussen Verner Panton Johann Otto von Spreckelsen Magnus Steendorff Lene Tranberg Jørn Utzon Kristian von Bengtson Architecture of Denmark Arne Ranslet Danish art List of Danish painters Open access in Denmark Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole Det Jyske Kunstakademi Det Fynske Kunstakademi Top 10' World's best Architecture Universities / Schools
Jens Juel (painter)
Jens Juel was a Danish painter known for his many portraits, of which the largest collection is on display at Frederiksborg Castle. He is regarded as the leading Danish portrait painting of the 18th century, he was born in the house of his mother's brother Johan Jørgensen, a school teacher in Balslev on the island of Funen. Jens Juel was the illegitimate son of Vilhelmine Elisabeth Juel, who served at Wedellsborg, a fine gentleman a Wedell or Lord Jens Juel; when Juel was one year old, his mother married Jørgen Jørgensen, a schoolmaster in Gamborg, not far from Balslev, he grew up in Gamborg. Juel showed an interest in painting from an early age, his parents sent him to be an apprentice of painter Johann Michael Gehrman in Hamburg, where he worked hard for five or six years and improved so much that he acquired a reputation as a painter of portraits, etc. During the time of his studies, he could live off painting landscapes and genre pictures. At just over twenty years old, he moved to Copenhagen to attend the Royal Danish Academy of Art.
In 1767 he was awarded its small gold medal and in 1771 the great gold medal, both for Biblical themes. In 1772 Juel left Copenhagen, moving to Rome where he stayed for four years together with other Danish artists, including Nicolai Abildgaard. From Rome, he moved to Paris, at the time a center of portrait painting. In 1777 he moved on to Geneva, where he stayed for two years at the home of his friend Charles Bonnet in the company of other Danish artists, including etcher Johann Friderich Clemens. In Geneva, Juel soon earned a reputation as an excellent artist, he painted many portraits. Through Bonnet, who had become an honorary member of the Danish Academy, his reputation reached Denmark. After a brief stay in Hamburg, where he met and painted a portrait of the poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, author of The Messiah, he returned to Copenhagen in 1780. Here he painted portraits for the royal house and the well-to-do, as well as landscapes and genre paintings and was designated as the court painter.
On 4 April 1782, he was unanimously elected to be a member of the Danish Academy by Mandelberg and Abildgaard. He continued in the position until his death. Juel is buried at Assistens Cemetery in Copenhagen. Art of Denmark KID Kunst Index Danmark Danish Biographical Encyclopedia
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein
Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, known as the Goethe Tischbein, was a German painter from the Tischbein family of artists. His father, Johann Conrad, was the carpenter for the convent in Haina, he began his artistic studies with Johann Jacob Tischbein in Hamburg. From 1772 to 1773, he travelled in Holland. After 1777, he established himself as a portrait painter in Berlin and became a member of the Masonic Lodge, he was able to visit Rome in 1779 and continue his studies, thanks to a stipend from the Kunsthochschule Kassel. During this time, his style progressed from Rococo to Classicism; when he ran out of money in 1781, he settled in Zurich. In 1783, he was able to return to Rome with a grant from Duke Ernest II, obtained upon the recommendation of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, to whom he had been introduced by Johann Kaspar Lavater, he remained in Italy until 1799 and became friends with Goethe, travelling with him to Naples in 1787. During his last ten years there, he was director of the Accademia di Belle Arti di Napoli.
He left following the French occupation, when the anti-royalist Parthenopean Republic was established. After 1808, he worked for Grand Duke Peter I. From until his death, he was a resident of Eutin, he spent several years after 1810 writing Aus meinem Leben. It has not been reissued since, his son, Peter Friedrich Ludwig Tischbein, was naturalist. Complete text of Aus meinem Leben @ Google Books Media related to Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein at Wikimedia Commons