Benjamin Edward Stephen Adams is an English singer and songwriter, best known as a member of the boy band a1. Born in Ascot, Adams attended Westminster Under School, where he became head chorister of the school choir, he attended Bedales School, leaving aged 16 after completing his GCSEs to join Charterhouse School. Adams was a member of four-piece boyband a1, who won a BRIT Award in 2001 for Best Newcomer and had two number one singles, "Take On Me" and "Same Old Brand New You", before separating in 2002. Whilst in the boyband, Adams scooped a Smash Hits Poll Winners Party Award for Most Fanciable Male in 2001, it was announced in 2009 that a1 were to reform to compete to represent Norway in the 2010 Eurovision Song Contest. A1 resigned with Universal Music Group and recorded another two studio albums "Waiting For Daylight" and "Rediscovered", which Adams co-wrote and produced. In 2013, a1 participated in The Big Reunion. In 2018, the band celebrated their 20th anniversary with an international tour.
After a couple of years writing, Adams made a comeback with a new solo recording contract with BMG Records. His first solo single, "Sorry", reached No. 18 on the UK Singles Chart in June 2005. As well as writing for himself, Adams began writing and producing for the likes of Robin Thicke, Craig David, JLS, Sam Bailey, Amelia Lily, Markus Feehily, Union J and Alexandra Burke to name but a few. Adams co-wrote the Lisa Scott-Lee single "Electric" with Guy Chambers, as well as a song called "Get Off My Girl" with Har Mar Superstar. Adams has his own recording studio situated in London called Archer Studios known as Parkbench Studios. Having been the creative director behind the bands Kissing Freddie, What Jane Did Next and MEOW; when he entered the Celebrity Big Brother house in 2009, it was revealed that Adams had worked on songs for X Factor winner, Alexandra Burke. In 2009, Adams was a participant on the sixth series of the reality TV series Celebrity Big Brother, reached the finale finishing in fifth place after the public vote, behind Coolio, Verne Troyer, Terry Christian and eventual winner Ulrika Jonsson.
Adams performed as'Prince Charming' in Milton Keynes' 2009/2010 pantomime production of Cinderella. He performed as Aladdin in Woking 2014/2015 starring as Aladdin in Manchester 2016/2017. In 2012, Adams took part in Skal Vi Danse, the Norwegian version of Strictly Come Dancing/Dancing with the Stars on TV2 Norway, his dance partner was Tone Jacobsen. He placed second. In October 2017 Ben took a leading role in the touring version of Flashdance the Musical, starring as Nick Hurley alongside Joanne Clifton. Adams co-wrote with Chris Wilkins a new original musical called Eugenius! which premiered as a concert performance on 29 July 2016 at the London Palladium, produced by Warwick Davis. The musical received its staged premiere at The Other Palace from 22 January to 3 March 2018 and returning from 1 September to 7 October 2018. Ben Adams on Facebook
Spellemannprisen referred to as the Norwegian Grammy Awards in English, is a Norwegian music award presented to Norwegian musicians. The award was established by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, an organization that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide. First awarded in 1973, the prize honours musicians from the previous year; the Spellemann committee, composed of members of IFPI Norway and FONO, manages the award and acts as the judge. Twenty-one categories are awarded and the committee may award additional honorary and industry awards; the awards are held in January or February. Separate juries convene for each category. Members are confidential from both the other juries; the juries score each nominee separately convene to deliberate until there is a winner. Three nominees are presented to the jury; the Spellemanns committee nominates three categories: Newcomer of the Year, Fiddler of the Year and Hit Artist. A nomination jury nominates the rest of the videos, which are presented to the juries.
Starting in 2007, the winner of the Newcomer of the Year Award takes home a prize of 200 000 kroner. The scholarship is awarded by a Norwegian music industry funding agency; as of 2014, sixteen artists have won the prize more than five times. Leif Ove Andsnes has the most wins with 10 awards. In 2011, the live award show returned to NRK for the first time since 2001, remained on the same channel afterwards. From 2002 to 2010, the show was broadcast on TV 2. Nominees and winners: Barnemusikk Karoline Krüger og Fru Nitters Rytmeorkester: Labyrinter! Naboen Min: Rockesock Tonje Unstad: Musling med melk Mandarinsaft: På vei te en vennBluesUlf Myrvold: Old Memories Geir Bertheussen Blues Express: Southside JT Lauritsen & The Buckshot Hunters: Blue Eyed Soul Volume 1 Jørgen Sandvik: Permanent Vacation CountryHege Øversveen: Goodbye Yellow Roses Country Heroes: Honky Tonk Tears Malin Pettersen: References Pt. 1 The Northern Belle: Blinding Blue NeonElektronika Fakethias: Attune Sex Judas feat. Ricky: Go Down Judas Bjørn Torske: Byen Smerz: Have FunFolkemusikk/tradisjonsmusikk Aslak Brimi Kvartett: Vev Johanne Flottorp: Johanne Flottorp Sudan Dudan: Heimen der ute Marja Mortensson: Mojhtestasse – Cultural Heirlooms Indie/alternativ Okay Kaya: Both Thea Hjelmeland: Kulla Boy Pablo: Soy Pablo Fay Wildhagen: BordersJazzGurls: Run boy, run Moskus: Mirakler Atomic: Pet Variations Hanna Paulsberg Concept + Magnus Broo: Daughter Of The SunKlassisk Frida Fredrikke Waaler Wærvågen & Ingrid Andsnes: Metamorfose Tora Augestad & Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra: Portraying Passion Christian Ihle Hadland: Christian Ihle Hadland plays Domenico Scarlatti Stavanger Symfoniorkester: Symphonic DancesMetalAura Noir: Aura Noire Obliteration: Cenotaph Obscure Beaten To Death: Agronomicon Sylvaine: Atoms Aligned, Coming UndonePopartist Sigrid: Raw EP Sondre Justad: Ingenting i paradis Amanda Delara: Running Deep + Soldiers Emilie Nicolas: Tranquille Emile Popgruppe Band of Gold: Where’s The Magic Razika: Sånn kjennes verden ut Lemaitre: Lemaitre 2018 Seeb: Nice To Meet YouRockOslo Ess: Frie radikaler The Good The Bad and The Zugly: Misanthropical House Årabrot: Who Do You Love Turbonegro: Rock’n’roll MachineSamtid Kjell Tore Innervik: UTOPIAS — Radical Interpretations of Iconic Musical Works for Percussion Telemark kammerorkester, dirigent Lars-Erik ter Jung: Chasing Strings Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra: Ørjan Matre: Konsert for orkester Cikada strykekvartett / Knut Olaf Sunde: Vertigo RoomUrbanMARS: MARS EMIR: Mer av deg Lil Halima: Lil Halima 2018 Unge Beirut: Hevnen er søt, men jeg tilgir degViser Ingeborg Oktober: Skjømmingsboka Ellen Sofie Hovland: Og solen renner over Erik Lukashaugen: Vi eier skogene Masåva: MasåvaÅpen klasse Anja Garbarek: The Road Is Just A Surface Geir Sundstøl: Brødløs Harpreet Bansal: Samaya Amgala Temple: Invisible AirshipsTonos komponistpris Anja Garbarek: The Road Is Just A Surface Geir Holmsen: Et stille sted Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra – Ørjan Matre: Konsert for orkester Arve Henriksen/Eivind Aarset/Jan Bang/Jez riley French: The Height Of The ReedsÅrets låtskriver Stig Joar Haugen: Midt Imellom Magisk Og Manisk Dagny Norvoll Sandvik: Dagny Låtskriver 2018 Ina Wroldsen: Hex Thea Hjelmeland: KullaÅrets musikkvideo Aurora / director: Kinga Burza: "Queendom" Hkeem / director: Thor Brenne: "Ghettoparasitt" Sigrid / director: AB/CD/CD: "Sucker Punch" Sondre Justad / director: Trond Kvig Andreassen: "Ikke som de andre"Årets produsent Aksel Carlson: For example MARS, Emilie Nicolas, Arif & Unge Ferrari Fay Wildhagen: Borders Kai Gundelach: Baltus Kåre Christoffer Vestrheim: For example Anja Garbarek, Emilie Nicolas, Håkon Kornstad, BatagrafÅrets tekstforfatter Eduardo Andersen: La oss ta en idealist Lars Saabye Christensen: Et stille sted Ina Wroldsen: Hex Odd Nordstoga: KløyvdÅrets album Emilie Nicolas: Tranquille Emilie Rotlaus: På vei Sondre Justad: Ingenting i paradis Unge Ferrari: Midt Imellom Magisk Og ManiskÅrets gjennombrudd & Gramo-stipend Boy Pablo Lise Davidsen Kamelen Rotlaus RubenÅrets låt Alan Walker feat.
Tomine Harket, Au/Ra: "Darkside" Astrid S: "Emotion" Ina Wroldsen: "Strongest" K-391 feat. Alan Walker, Julie Bergan, Seungri: "Ignite" Kygo, Miguel: "Remind Me to Forget" Mads Hansen: "Sommerkroppe
Paul Thomas Leo Marazzi is a British musician. He is founder of boy band A1. Marazzi was the first to join A1, a British/Norwegian boy band whose first single, "Be the First to Believe", was released in 1999. Together with Marazzi were Britons Mark Read, Ben Adams and Norwegian Christian Ingebrigtsen, they were formed by band manager Tim Byrne, who formed Steps, signed to Columbia Records by A&R manager Fran de Takats. A1 won a BRIT Award for "British Breakthrough Act" in 2001, their third album, Make It Good, featured a sound closer to traditional rock music, but was to be their last studio project with Marazzi. In October 2002, Marazzi took a break from the band citing personal reasons. Marazzi never gave a proper explanation on why he left the band letting fans wonder why he left the band. In 2005, he started, he left Snagsby on January 2009 to pursue a career as a club DJ in The George Hotel in Whitby. Marazzi was born on 24 January 1975 in London, to Ivan and Maria Marazzi. Marazzi went to Spain with his family and lived there until 2007.
He recorded a demo for a German producer which led him to audition for A1 in 1997. Paul said that he auditioned for Steps, however, he was placed in a1 in 1997, he was later joined by Christian Ingebrigtsen, Mark Read and Ben Adams. They released their first album Here We Come in late 1999. Two years after their first single release in the 2001 BRIT Awards, the band received the award for Best British Breakthrough. In 2002, few months after their appearance in the US soap The Young and The Restless, Paul announced his departure from a1 with a statement that read: "After a lot of thought and deliberation, I have made the difficult choice to leave the band due to personal reasons." In an interview on YouTube, Marazzi stated he left the band as he knew their Make It Good album was not that great, that he might as well jump off the sinking ship. After a1, Paul hosted the Andy Cole Children's Foundation on 26 April 2003 together with Jo Good, he turned down the offer to appear in I'm a Celebrity...
Get Me out of Here! in 2004. In mid-2005, Paul was interviewed in Spain for Fame Games where he talked about the life being in a1; the interview was aired on 31 July 2006 and played two of his unreleased songs namely If I Could Be King and Lifted. Marazzi revealed that he will be touring Germany with Spencer Davis Group; that year, he started forming a soul/rock band in Sunderland, North East England. Ivan named the band Snagsby in 2006, managed the band until 2007 when he left due to technical difficulties. In 2008, the band announced in their official MySpace that Marazzi was leaving Snagsby on January 2009. Marazzi went to work for Ivan, in The George Hotel in Whitby as a club DJ. In late 2011, Marazzi was rehearsing/recording with Nobby in his previous bands studio in Sunderland and Paul has formed a new band called Blue Eyed Soul, his father announced the news to his fans on Facebook. Just he just become a Patron for MACY. In August 2009, A1 reunited as a trio in Norway for a TV show after Marazzi refused to rejoin the band.
In 2013, he was invited to take part on The Big Reunion with a1 but Marazzi refused again to rejoin the band and to meet up with A1 whether off or on camera to discuss why he left and/or to sort everything out. MarazzI made a tweet attacking the band prior to the series airing causing his fans to be nasty towards the band, he released a song called Eleven Years which states how he feels about the band. The song was released on 25 March 2014 and is available on iTunes. Another song was planned to be released with an accompanying video and was recorded, but Marazzi shelved the idea as he prefers live singing. On 30 November 2014, while a1 was performing in Newcastle for Big Reunion Boyband Tour, Paul tweeted to ask everyone to stop saying nasty things about his ex- bandmates; this would make. With this tweet it is presumed that he just wanted a1 fans to leave him alone. Paul was working as a cabinet maker based in Northumberland and singing part-time with a wedding band called Hip Operations. Paul joined after his stint with the band for It's A Disco Night in late 2012.
At the start of 2015, The Paul Marazzi Band was formed and are busy working all over the UK. He has worked with the Overtones, Damage, S Club, 5ive, Overtones to mention just a few. On 22 July 2017, Marazzi met with his former bandmates in Newcastle and discussed possibilities of a reunion; the meeting was kept secret until Ben Adams posted a photo of him and Marazzi taken in Sunderland in September that same year. The band on revealed that a reunion with Marazzi is happening upon the announcement of their Southeast Asian Tour in October 2018. Paul is a huge fan of Prince. On the Official Website of Snagsby as well as on his Facebook page, he stated that he is a fan of Shakin' Stevens, Lenny Kravitz, Red Hot Chili Peppers, George Michael and Michael Jackson. With A1 Here We Come The A List Make It Good The Best of A1 A1 Greatest Hits "Be the First to Believe" "Summertime of Our Lives" "Ready or Not/Everytime" "Like a Rose" "Take on Me" "Same Old Brand New You" "No More" "Caught in the Middle" "Make It Good" "Nos Differences" If I Could Be King Lifted Let It Out Soulfreak Cream Rising Guess What They Call It?
Can't You See Eleven Years A1
Kentucky Colonel is the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Commissions for Kentucky colonels are given by the governor and the secretary of state to individuals in recognition of noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service to a community, state or the nation; the Governor of Kentucky bestows the honor of a colonel's commission, by issuance of letters patent. The title "Kentucky Colonel" was formalized in 1813, but it was used informally to refer to people with honored reputations related to military service in the American Revolution, it was often associated with landowners respected in their communities. When the Kentucky Militia was deactivated following the War of 1812, Governor Isaac Shelby commissioned Charles Stewart Todd, one of his officers in the campaign, as an aide-de-camp on the Governor's Staff with the rank and grade of colonel. Early colonels served military roles in the state. In the latter part of the 19th century, the position took on a more ceremonial function.
Colonels in uniform attended functions at the Governor's mansion and stood as symbolic guards at state events. By the late 19th century, the title had become more of an honorary one. But, since commissioned Kentucky colonels are considered honorary aides-de-camp to the Governor and members of his staff, all are entitled to the style of "Honorable" as indicated on their commission certificates; this is used, however. In writing, usage is Kentucky colonel when the term is not being used as a specific title for an individual. In 1885 Governor William O'Connell Bradley commissioned the first honorary Kentucky colonels as an honor award bestowed upon citizens for their noteworthiness. In 1890 a book was published by Opie Read, called'A Kentucky Colonel' evolved a new public perception of what a Kentucky colonel was, posing himself more as a refined southern gentleman, rather than a figure in the Kentucky militia; this view was further established by Zoe A. Norris with a series of twelve stories published in The Sun in 1905 describing scenes and incidents in a Kentucky Colonel's life in the Southland, adding to the allure of the somewhat mythical life of the most distinguished Kentucky colonels.
In the late 1920s into early 1930s, Kentucky colonels began to come together to form sociopolitical, fraternal organizations, founding the Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels in 1932 by Gov. Ruby Laffoon. Prior to 1932, about 1,000 people had received commissions as Kentucky colonels. Governor Ruby Laffoon, in office from 1931 to 1935 increased the number of colonels by issuing more than 5,000 commissions; when Governor Happy Chandler took office in 1935, he took a much different view on the distinction of a Kentucky colonel commission. Governor Chandler issued only about a dozen new commissions annually at Derby Day. Governor Keen Johnson followed Governor Chandler's lead during his time in office from 1939 to 1943, commissioning only those select individuals who were deemed to have exhibited noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service to a community, state or the nation; the subsequent governors, were much more liberal in issuing Kentucky colonel commissions. Under Governor Steve Beshear in 2008, so many commissions were being issued that state budget cuts led to a major change in the design of the commission certificate.
The certificate was downsized from the 10-by-15-inch size to 8.5 by 14 inches. The wording remained the same on the certificate. Reducing materials for the new certificates was expected to save $5,000; the Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels objected to the changes in the certificates, the order offered to pay $5,000 a year to keep the traditional certificates. Due to the substantial savings in labor to produce the new certificates, the Secretary of State's office proceeded with the changes; the honor has been given to a broad variety of notable people – including various celebrities, writers, performers, businesspersons, U. S. and foreign politicians and members of foreign royal families – some of whom have no obvious connection to Kentucky. It has been bestowed upon various people who are not considered notable – they have been people from "all walks of life", because the selection process is intended to identify only those with a reputation for high moral standards and a record of "good works" accomplishments.
An individual can only become a Kentucky colonel. An active colonel is a colonel. At least 85,000 people have received the title. Today there are a number of fraternal and social organizations located internationally that are either dedicated to, show deference to, or provide fellowship to Kentucky colonels; the social formation of these organizations created by those who have received the title has been facilitated by the use of social media allowing new fellowships to be created. There are fellowships in Hong Kong, London and Toronto. One of those organizations is Kentucky Colonels International, incorporated under Globcal International as a non-state social organization on Facebook that list and connect various organizations and online groups that have been developed in social networking; such groups have sometimes teamed together to support causes like tornado disaster relief in Kentucky in 2012 an
A1 are a British–Norwegian boy band that formed in 1998. The original line-up consists of Christian Ingebrigtsen, Mark Read and Ben Adams. Ingebrigtsen is from Oslo, but the other members originate from London, their debut single, "Be the First to Believe", entered the UK Singles Chart at number six in mid-1999. They achieved success in the UK and other parts of the world in the late 1990s and early 2000s Southeast Asia. In the UK, they scored two number ones and six other top 10 hits, seven of which were written by the band. Adding to this, they won a BRIT Award for "British Breakthrough Act" in 2001, they were managed by band manager Tim Byrne, who formed Steps. Marazzi left the band in 2002; the three remaining members subsequently decided to split due to exhaustion from being on the road for the best part of four years straight. In December 2009, Ingebrigtsen and Adams reformed a1, without Marazzi, in Norway for a series of concerts at the Christiania Theatre in Oslo. Since their comeback, they have released new singles as well as their fourth and fifth studio albums, Waiting for Daylight, in 2010, Rediscovered, in 2012.
In 2014, a1 appeared on the itv2 documentary The Big Reunion along with other bands such as Eternal, Girl Thing, 3T and a new band called 5th Story, made up of Dane Bowers, Gareth Gates, Kenzie and Adam Rickitt. In 2017, Marazzi met his former bandmates in Newcastle, after the fifteen years of his absence and he will appear in their 20 years anniversary tour. Paul Marazzi, who had missed the cut for Steps, met with Tim Byrne in 1998 to talk about forming a second group. Auditions were held where Christian Ingebrigtsen, Mark Read, Ben Adams were recruited and the band was formed by the management team of Byrne and Vicky Blood. A1 signed with Columbia Records in February 1999 and released "Be the First to Believe" in Summer 1999. In November they released Here We Come, which reached number 4 in Norway and had four top ten singles in the UK. In 2000, they achieved two number ones with "Take On Me" and "Same Old Brand New You"; the video for their seventh single, "No More", was filmed in Singapore while they were on tour there.
In 2001, the band began a massive arena tour of Asia, where they were well received. During a mall signing in Indonesia, four teenage girls were killed in a stampede. In 2001, Sony Music launched a paid subscription service for a1 called'Access All Areas', the first for an artist signed to the company; this was an early version of a social network allowing fans to chat online. Their third album, Make It Good was to be their last studio project. On 8 October 2002, Marazzi left the group, citing personal reasons, a1 subsequently decided to split. In January 2004 a Best of A1 album was released in Asia. In 2009, following Adams' appearance on Celebrity Big Brother, the band released its Greatest Hits in the UK. In 2005, Adams went on to release his first solo single, "Sorry", which peaked at number 18 on the UK Singles Chart. Adams was due to record an album but parted with his record label. In 2009, he appeared as a contestant on Celebrity Big Brother, becoming one of the remaining five housemates.
He attracted much attention that same year when he posed naked for the cover of Attitude. In 2003, Ingebrigtsen began a solo career, with his first solo single, "In Love With an Angel", being released in 2004; the single stayed in the Top 10 of the Norway Singles Chart for nearly three months. The song was swiftly followed by "Things Are Gonna Change", which became Ingebrigsten's final solo single before he moved into other areas of show-business. In 2002, Read focused on becoming a songwriter for other artists, after signing a deal with Metrophonic. Read has written for artists such as Charlotte Church, Michael Bolton, Robin Gibb, The Hollies. Read released his debut solo single, "Greatest Lady in My Life", on 2 March 2009, his debut solo album, Peace at Last was released in June 2009. Months after he left the band, Marazzi hosted the Andy Cole Children's Foundation on 26 April 2003 together with Jo Good, he turned down the offer to appear in I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! in 2004. In late 2005 he formed a soul/rock band in Sunderland, Northeast England called Snagsby.
He left the band in early 2009. Marazzi went to work in The George Hotel in Whitby as a club DJ. In November 2008, the remaining members of the band formed a MySpace account to keep fans updated of their current situation. In Summer 2009, the band made an official announcement, stating that not only were they to reform, but they were to play a series of concerts in Oslo in December of that year. Marazzi posted on his Facebook that he wishes them good luck when he found out about his former bandmates' reunion on a TV show in Norway; the announcement stated that the band's first new single in seven years, "Take You Home", would be released via iTunes in Norway on 2 November. The single entered the Norway Singles Chart at No. 9, based on download sales. It was announced in late 2009 that the band would compete to represent Norway in the 2010 Eurovision Song Contest, with the band's second single since their reformation, "Don't Wanna Lose You Again"; the song peaked at No. 4 on the Norwegian Singles Chart.
The band finished in second place. The band made their official UK comeback on New Year's Eve by performing at the Heaven New Year's Eve Party in London. In March 2010, the band embarked on a worldwide tour that began in Norway, with performances in
A fan, or fanatic, sometimes termed aficionado or supporter, is a person, enthusiastically devoted to something or somebody, such as a singer or band, a sport or a sports team, a genre, a politician, a book, a movie or an entertainer. Collectively, the fans of a particular object or person constitute its fandom, they may show their enthusiasm in a variety of ways, such as by promoting the object of their interest, being members of a fan club, holding or participating in fan conventions, or writing fan mail. They may engage in creative activities such as creating fanzines, writing fan fiction, making memes or drawing fan art. Merriam-Webster, the Oxford dictionary and other sources define "fan" as a shortened version of the word fanatic. Fanatic itself, introduced into English around 1550, means "marked by excessive enthusiasm and intense uncritical devotion", it comes from the Modern Latin fanaticus, meaning "insanely but divinely inspired". The word pertained to a temple or sacred place; the modern sense of "extremely zealous" dates from around 1647.
However, the term "fancy" for an intense liking of something, while being of a different etymology, coincidentally carries a less intense but somewhat similar connotation to "fanatic". Use of "the fancy" to mean avid sports enthusiasts emerged as an Americanism in the mid-19th C; the Dickson Baseball Dictionary cites William Henry Nugent's work asserting that it was derived from the fancy, a term referring to the fans of a specific hobby or sport from the early 18th century to the 19th to the followers of boxing. According to that theory, it was shortened to fance just to the homonym fans; the Great American Baseball Scrapbook attributes the term to Chris Von der Ahe, owner of the Saint Louis Brown Stockings in 1882. Von der Ahe sold tickets for 25 cents, hoping the many patrons would purchase his beer, he called the fanatics filling his stands "fans". Supporter is a synonym to "fan" that predates the latter term and is still used in British English to denote fans of sports teams. However, the term "fan" has become popular throughout the English-speaking world, including the United Kingdom.
The term supporter is used in a political sense in the United States, to a fan of a politician, a political party, a controversial issue. Fans have a strong enough interest that some changes in their lifestyles are made to accommodate devotion to the focal object. Fans have a desire for external involvement – they are motivated to demonstrate their involvement with the area of interest through certain behaviors. Fans have a "wish to acquire" material objects related to the area of interest, such as a baseball hit by a famous slugger or a used guitar pick from their musical hero; as well, some fans have a desire for social interaction with other fans. This again may take many forms, from casual conversation, e-mail, chat rooms, electronic mailing lists to regular face-to-face meetings such as fan club meetings and organized conventions. There are several groups of fans that can be differentiated by the intensity level of their level of involvement or interest in the hobby The likelihood for a subject of interest to be elevated to the level of fandom appears to be dictated by its complexity.
Complexity allows further involvement of fans for a longer period of time because of the time needed to work the subject of interest'out.' It contributes to a greater sense of belonging because of the mental effort invested in the subject. These fans will hold a crush on a major movie star, pop star, athlete or celebrity; the groupie is an example, a fan of a particular band or musician, who will follow them on concert tours. The degree of devotion to celebrities can range from a simple crush to the deluded belief that they have a special relationship with the star which does not exist. In extreme cases, this can lead to celebrity worship syndrome; this can switch to hatred of the loved celebrity, result in attempts at violent attacks, one notable incident being the death of Rebecca Schaeffer by a stalking fan in 1989. This is somewhat related to the concept of parasocial interaction where audiences develop one-sided relationships with media characters and celebrities. Gaming fans, or "gamers", are fans focused on playing non-sport games role-playing games, board games, miniature wargames, collectible card games or video games.
Music fans can differ somewhat from fans of particular musicians, in that they may focus on a genre of music. Many of the trade journals around music, such as Rolling Stone, were created by music fans. A notable music fan was groupie Cynthia Plaster Caster, famous for making numerous plaster casts of rock stars' penises. Another was author of the book I'm With The Band. Fans who are not groupies prefer the term supporter. Popular musicals have their own particular sets of fans. Rent has boasted a sizable number of'Rentheads' since its Broadway debut, those devoted to The Phantom of the Opera dub themselves'Phans'. Otaku is a Japanese term for people with obsessive interests. In Japan, the term is derogatory, a connotation lacking in English, where it refers to people in the anime and manga fandom. People who approve of or associate themselves with certain politicians or political groups are called "supporters" rather than "fans", although there are politicians with official or unofficial "fan cl
Czech National Symphony Orchestra
The Czech National Symphony Orchestra is a Czech symphony orchestra based in Prague. The orchestra principally gives concerts at Municipal House; the CNSO performs at the Rudolfinum. In 1993, trumpet player Jan Hasenöhrl and Zdeněk Košler formed the CNSO, with Košler as the orchestra's first chief conductor. Košler held the post until 1996. From 1996 to 2007, the American conductor Paul Freeman was chief conductor of the CNSO. Since 2007, Libor Pešek is the orchestra's chief conductor, he is scheduled to stand down from the post after the 2018-2019 season. In March 2019, the CNSO announced the appointment of Steven Mercurio as its next chief conductor, effective with the 2019-2020 season. In popular music collaborations, the orchestra played on the Ulf Lundell album På andra sidan drömmarna in 1996. Lotta Engberg recorded Nära livets mening together with the orchestra in 2003, the song was included on the 2005 album Kvinna & man. On 20 August 2003, in a Symphonic Game Music Concert in Leipzig, the orchestra became the first ensemble to perform music written for video games live outside Japan.
The CNSO has collaborated with Ennio Morricone on several projects, including the soundtrack to Giuseppe Tornatore's The Best Offer. In 2015, the CNSO toured with the composer during his 60th anniversary tour. In July 2015, Morricone conducted the orchestra for recording sessions of his film score to Quentin Tarantino's The Hateful Eight. Zdeněk Košler Paul Freeman Libor Pešek Český národní symfonický orchestr, official Czech-language page Czech National Symphony Orchestra, official Engligh-language page CNSO studios