Many of his works were in the royal Christiansborg Palace, Fredensborg Palace, and Levetzau Palace at Amalienborg. Abildgaard had studied at the Academy from 1764 to 1767, worked there as apprentice, and moved to Rome in 1772–1777 and he returned to the Academy in Copenhagen, promoted to professor in 1778, and elected as Academy Director during 1789–1791 and 1801–1809. He was assigned as a royal artist/decorator during 1780 to 1805, Abildgaard was married twice, in 1781 and 1803. Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard was born on September 11,1743 in Copenhagen, Denmark, as the son of Søren Abildgaard, a draughtsman of repute. He was trained by a master before he joined the New Royal Danish Academy of Art in Copenhagen. He won a series of medallions at the Academy for his brilliance from 1764 to 1767, the large gold medallion from the Academy won in 1767 included a travel stipend, which he waited five years to receive. He assisted Professor Mandelberg of the Academy as an apprentice around 1769 and these paintings are classical, influenced by French classical artists such as Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin.
Mandelberg had studied in Paris under François Boucher, although artists of that time used to travel to Paris for further studies, but he chose to travel to Rome where he stayed from 1772 to 1777. He took a trip to Naples in 1776 with Jens Juel. His ambitions focused in the genre of history painting, while in Rome, he studied Annibale Carraccis frescoes at the Palazzo Farnese and the paintings of Rafael and Michelangelo. In addition he studied various other disciplines and developed his knowledge of mythology, anatomy. In the company of Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel and painter Johann Heinrich Füssli and he developed an appreciation for the literature of Shakespeare and Ossian. He worked with themes from Greek as well as Norse mythology and he left Rome in June 1777 with the hope of becoming professor at the Academy in Copenhagen. He stopped for a stay in Paris and arrived in Denmark in December of the same year, very soon after joining the academy he was honored with the designation of Professor in 1778.
He worked as an painter of the neoclassical school. From 1777 to 1794, he was productive as an artist in addition to his role at the school. He taught painting and anatomy at the school and he produced not only monumental works, but smaller pieces such as vignettes and illustrations. He illustrated the works of Socrates and Ossian, additionally he did some sculpting and authoring
Christiansborg Palace (2nd)
The new palace was constructed on Slotsholmen, on the ruins of its predecessor, and designed by royal masterbuilder Christian Frederik Hansen. By the time the palace was completed, King Frederick VI had found himself comfortable at his residence at Amalienborg Palace. He only used the premises for entertainment. The palace housed the Parliament and administrative services, Frederik VII was the only monarch to live in the palace. This was between 1852 and 1863, after the fire in 1794, the royal family initially took up temporary residency at Rosenborg Castle and moved to Amalienborg Palace. Christian Frederik Hansen, until master builder in Altona, was called upon to resurrect the palace, construction started in 1803 but was slow as a result of the difficult times compounded by the Napoleonic Wars and the national bankruptcy in 1813. Frederik VII was the monarch to live in the palace. Christiansborg became a point for many of the events which led up to the transition from absolute monarchy to democracy in 1849.
After large crowds had gathered in front of the palace in March 1848, the king ceded some of his chambers to the new Parliament, which from January 1850 had sessions in the wing where Folketinget meets today. Other parts of the continued to be used by the royal family. Frederick VII was the monarch to live in the palace. The second Christiansborg burned down in October 1884, hansens chapel and the building linking the palace to the chapel were left undamaged as were the showgrounds, court theatre and pavilions. These had survived the fire of 1794, the third and current Christiansborg was built between 1907 and 1928 by Thorvald Jørgensen in a neo-baroque style that pays lip service to the first Christiansborg. The building is used by the Danish parliament, the second Christiansborg was designed in a French Empire style. It was built on the foundations and remaining walls of its predecessor but the wing with the tower and Grand Hall was not rebuilt, architecture of Denmark Architect Christian Frederik Hansen
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
Johannes Wiedewelt, Danish neoclassical sculptor, was born in Copenhagen to royal sculptor to the Danish Court, Just Wiedewelt, and his wife Birgitte Lauridsdatter. He was undoubtedly the best known Danish sculptor before Bertel Thorvaldsen and this Academy was the precursor to the still-extant Royal Danish Academy of Art established ten years later. When Miani left Denmark in 1745 to return to Italy, the elder Wiedewelt took a hand in training the boy. At the same time the young Wiedeweldt continued at the Academy, drawing under Johan Christof Petzoldt and he began already to produce his own works early, and had produced in Spring 1750 two small busts cast in tin of King Frederik V and Queen Louise. He was paid a sum for this work, and it encouraged him to follow his dream to study outside of Denmark. Several months at nineteen years of age he ventured out on a student travel that took him over Hamburg to Rouen, there he met the Danish Legation secretary to the French Court in Paris Justitsråd Joachim Wasserschlebe who would become a loyal supporter of the young sculptor.
He received a yearly allowance from King Frederik, which was doubled after two years. In Paris he came to know Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, during 1752-1754 Wiedewelt made a sculpture of fellow-Dane, Magnus Gustav Arbien, medallionist who was at the time studying under a royal stipend from the Danish Court. Wiedewelt won a silver medallion from the French Academy of Art in 1753, there was a sweeping artistic interest during those times for the study of ancient art. Poisson introduced the technique of drawing from antiqities, especially architecture and landscapes and this technique was based on his experiences in Italy visiting the recently excavated archeological sites. Wiedewelt was the first to receive a stipend from the newly established Danish Academy of Art in 1754. Although Coustou tried to convince Wiedewelt to stay in Paris longer, the young sculptor wanted to go to Rome and his trip took him over Lyon and Civitavecchia, he arrived in Rome on 7 June 1754. A letter of recommendation from Wasserschlebe introduced Wiedewelt to the Director of the French Academy in Rome, Professor Charles Joseph Natoire and he lived and studied at the Academy, lodging at the Palazzo Mancini.
Natoire put him in contact with others in residence there, among these were German painter Anton Raphael Mengs, Italian Pompeo Batoni, and German archeologist and art theorist Johann Joachim Winckelmann who arrived in Rome 1755. Wiedewelt visited private collections such as the Farnese collection, as well as the publicly accessible ones such as the Capitol Museum, Wiedewelt made many drawings and sketches of these ancient sculptures during his Roman residence. Wiedewelts friendship and admiration for Winckelmann left an impression on him, especially in regards his acquired knowledge and appreciation for Ancient Greek artifacts. Both of Wiedewelts parents died in 1757, during his time in Rome he managed to take excursions to Naples, Pompeii and Portici. Several of these trips were made in the company of Winckelmann in 1758, the two would remain close, maintaining a lively letter exchange, until Winckelmann was murdered in Trieste in 1768
The rigsdaler was the name of several currencies used in Denmark until 1875. The similarly named Reichsthaler and rijksdaalder were used in Germany and Austria-Hungary and these currencies were often anglicized as rix-dollar or rixdollar. The Danish currency system established in 1625 consisted of 12 penning =1 skilling,16 skilling =1 mark,6 mark =1 rigsdaler and 8 mark =1 krone. From 1713, two separate systems coexisted and species, with courant being a debased currency used for banknote issue, the rigsdaler species contained 4⁄37 of a Cologne mark of fine silver. In 1813, following a crisis, a new currency system was introduced, based on the rigsbankdaler. For six rigsdaler in old banknotes, a new one rigsbankdaler note was exchanged, the rigsbankdaler This was divided into 96 rigsbank skilling and was equal to half a rigsdaler species or 6 rigsdaler courant. A further change was made in 1854, the rigsdaler species name disappeared and the names rigsbankdaler and rigsbank skilling became rigsdaler and skilling rigsmønt.
Thus, there were 96 skilling rigsmønt to the rigsdaler, in 1873, Denmark and Sweden formed the Scandinavian Monetary Union and the rigsdaler was replaced by the Danish krone on 1 January 1875. An equal valued krone/krona of the union replaced the three currencies at the rate of 1 krone/krona = 1⁄2 Danish rigsdaler = 1⁄4 Norwegian speciedaler =1 Swedish riksdaler. Because of this reform, where two Danish kroner was of equal worth to the Danish daler, the coins got the common name of daler as they were functionally the same. This has however, become an uncommon name as a result of a gap in the tokrone coins existence from 1959 to 1993. In the late 18th century, coins were issued in denominations of 1⁄2,1,2,4,8,24 and 32 skilling, 1⁄15, 1⁄4, 1⁄3, 1⁄2 and 1 rigsdaler specie. Between 1813 and 1815, copper coins bearing the legend rigsbanktegn were issued in denominations of 2,3,4,6,12 and 16 skilling, from 1818,1,2 and 32 rigsbank skilling coins were issued, with 1 rigsdaler species from 1820.
From 1826, gold coins were issued denominated in Frederiks dOr or Christians dOr, the dor was nominally worth 10 rigsdaler, although the currency was on a silver standard. In 1838, 1⁄2 rigsbank skilling coins were introduced, between 1840 and 1843, a new coinage was introduced, consisting of 1⁄5, 1⁄2,1,2,3,4,8,16 and 32 rigsbank skilling,1 rigsbankdaler and 1 rigsdaler species. These denominations were 1 1⁄4, 2 1⁄2,5,10 and 30 Schilling Courant, the renaming of the currency units in 1854 lead to the issuing of coins for 1⁄2,1,4 and 16 skilling rigsmønt,1 and 2 rigsdaler. Gold dor coins continued to be issued, in 1713, the government introduced notes for 1,2 and 3 mark,1,5,10,25,50 and 100 rigsdaler. The Copenhagen Assignation and Loans Bank issued notes between 1737 and 1804 for 10,20,30,40,50 and 100 rigsdaler courant
Simon Carl Stanley
Simon Carl Stanley was a Danish sculptor of English parentage. When he showed as a boy feel like drawing and træskæring, in his apprenticeship he performed among other 2 angels on Privy Krabbes tomb at Roskilde Cathedral, and made a part stucco decorations at Fredensborg Palace. To learn more, he went abroad visiting several cities in Germany and traveled to Amsterdam, in 1727 he traveled to England and while in London worked for Sculptors Laurent Delvaux from Ghent and Pieter Scheemaecker from Antwerp, which last had heard of Sturms pupils. Later Stanleys self-employment and paling among other decoration of Lord Wilmington castle in Sussex, in 20 years, Stanley was in all England, he had 2 times married. Stanley had hardly thought of returning to Denmark, when he carried a notice from Copenhagen, Commander Gerner. Since both he and his wife agreed, wrought Gerner after his return through the county Danneskjold that King Christian VI of Denmark called Stanley, Stanley was now a small group, Vertumnus and Cupid, a graceful rococo cabinet piece, which was bought immediately to museum.
The king took such pleasure in work that he ordered a similar group, Adonis. Of Stanley other statues could include a Ceres and Diana in Fredensborg Marble Garden and Park as well as a flora for Rosenborg Garden. In addition, he performed a Ganymede with the eagle on what work he parade in 1752 as a member of the old Art Academy, since this 2 years reorganiseredes, no major sculptor company he seems to have unfolded here at home. In his final years – from about 1753 – he was linked to the oldest Danish porcelain factory at the Blue Tower. Took a long time he did not this position when he died 17 February 1761. While Stanley, judging by his few surviving works by the artist does not reach beyond the mediocre, he must, in consequence his novel portrays Büsching, deserve the best credentials as a human being. He has not only been a man with an amiable and courteous creature, which won him his contemporaries respect and love and he was very musical and playing beautifully. His portrait, painted by Eccard belong to the Academy
Copenhagen Castle was a castle on Slotsholmen in Copenhagen, built in the late 14th century at the site of the current Christiansborg Palace. The castle had a wall and was surrounded by a moat and with a large. The castle was still the property of the Bishop of Roskilde until King Eric of Pomerania usurped the rights to the castle in 1417, from on the castle in Copenhagen was occupied by the king. The castle was several times. King Christian IV, for example, added a spire to the entrance tower. In the 1720s, Frederik IV entirely rebuilt the castle, but it became so heavy that the walls began to give way and to crack. It became therefore evident to Christian VI, Frederik IVs successor, immediately after his accession to the throne in 1730, the demolition of the overextended and antiquated Copenhagen Castle was commenced in 1731 to make room for the first Christiansborg Palace
Rococo artists and architects used a more jocular and graceful approach to the Baroque. Their style was ornate and used light colours, asymmetrical designs, unlike the political Baroque, the Rococo had playful and witty themes. By the end of the 18th century, Rococo was largely replaced by the Neoclassic style. In 1835 the Dictionary of the French Academy stated that the word Rococo usually covers the kind of ornament and design associated with Louis XVs reign and it includes therefore, all types of art from around the middle of the 18th century in France. The word is seen as a combination of the French rocaille and coquilles, the term may be a combination of the Italian word barocco and the French rocaille and may describe the refined and fanciful style that became fashionable in parts of Europe in the 18th century. The Rococo love of shell-like curves and focus on decorative arts led some critics to say that the style was frivolous or merely modish, when the term was first used in English in about 1836, it was a colloquialism meaning old-fashioned.
While there is some debate about the historical significance of the style to art in general. Italian architects of the late Baroque/early Rococo were wooed to Catholic Germany and Austria by local princes, an exotic but in some ways more formal type of Rococo appeared in France where Louis XIVs succession brought a change in the court artists and general artistic fashion. By the end of the long reign, rich Baroque designs were giving way to lighter elements with more curves. These elements are obvious in the designs of Nicolas Pineau. During the Régence, court life moved away from Versailles and this change became well established, first in the royal palace. The delicacy and playfulness of Rococo designs is seen as perfectly in tune with the excesses of Louis XVs reign. The 1730s represented the height of Rococo development in France, the style had spread beyond architecture and furniture to painting and sculpture, exemplified by the works of Antoine Watteau and François Boucher. The Rococo style was spread by French artists and engraved publications, william Hogarth helped develop a theoretical foundation for Rococo beauty.
Though not intentionally referencing the movement, he argued in his Analysis of Beauty that the lines and S-curves prominent in Rococo were the basis for grace. The development of Rococo in Great Britain is considered to have connected with the revival of interest in Gothic architecture early in the 18th century. The beginning of the end for Rococo came in the early 1760s as figures like Voltaire and Jacques-François Blondel began to voice their criticism of the superficiality, Blondel decried the ridiculous jumble of shells, reeds, palm-trees and plants in contemporary interiors. By 1785, Rococo had passed out of fashion in France, replaced by the order, in Germany, late 18th century Rococo was ridiculed as Zopf und Perücke, and this phase is sometimes referred to as Zopfstil
Christiansborg Palace is a palace and government building on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It is the seat of the Danish Parliament, the Danish Prime Ministers Office, several parts of the palace are used by the Danish monarch, including the Royal Reception Rooms, the Palace Chapel and the Royal Stables. The palace is home to the three supreme powers, the executive power, the legislative power, and the judicial power. It is the building in the world that houses all three of a countrys branches of government. The name Christiansborg is thus used as a metonym for the Danish political system. The present building, the third with this name, is the last in a series of castles and palaces constructed on the same site since the erection of the first castle in 1167. The palace today bears witness to three eras of Danish architecture, as the result of two serious fires, the first fire occurred in 1794 and the second in 1884. The main part of the current palace, finished in 1928, is in the historicist Neo-baroque style, the chapel dates to 1826 and is in a neoclassical style.
The showgrounds were built 1738-46, in a baroque style, Christiansborg Palace is owned by the Danish state, and is run by the Palaces and Properties Agency. Several parts of the palace are open to the public, the first castle on the site was Absalons Castle. According to the Danish chronicler Saxo Grammaticus, Bishop Absalon of Roskilde built a castle in 1167 on an island outside Copenhagen Harbour. The castle was made up by a wall, encircling an enclosed courtyard with several buildings, such as the bishops palace. At the death of Absalon in 1201, possession of the castle, a few decades later, however, a bitter feud erupted between crown and church, and for almost two centuries the ownership of the castle and city was contested between kings and bishops. Furthermore, the castle was frequently under attack, for example by Wend pirates and the Hanseatic cities, in 1369, following a conflict with king Valdemar IV of Denmark, the Hanseatic League sent 40 stonemasons to demolish the castle stone by stone.
The castle had long been a nuisance to the Hanseatic cities trade in the Sound. The castle had a wall and was surrounded by a moat and with a large. The castle was still the property of the Bishop of Roskilde until King Eric VII usurped the rights to the castle in 1417, from on the castle in Copenhagen was occupied by the king. In the middle of the 15th century, the became the principal residence of the Danish kings
Hendrick Krock was a Danish history painter who, from 1706, was the court painter of Frederick IV as well as his successor Christian VI. Along with Benoit Le Coffre set the tone for history painting in Denmark during the 18th century-1720s and he played a role in the eventual establishment of an Art Academy in Denmark. He was born to merchant Valentin Krock and Volborg Peters in Flensborg, at 11 years of age he studied under Johan Ayerschöttel of Husum, a well-known portraitist of the time. He came to Copenhagen in 1688, where he taught drawing, in 1693 he traveled to France, and to Italy, where he stayed for a period of time. According to one of his students, Krock traveled to Italy in the company of young Ulrik Christian Gyldenløve. He returned to Italy in 1699 and this was the humble beginning to the formation of the Royal Danish Academy of Art many years later. The other cosigners were Wilchen Riboldt, Jacob Coning, Otto de Willarts, Georg Saleman and Thomas Quellinus and he traveled to Italy for the third time in 1703, and worked several years in the studio of Carlo Maratta, under a travel grant from the King.
He may have studied at the Art Academy in Paris ca and these works were generally large, and with many figures. He was named royal painter in 1706 and he married Helle Cathrine Robring in 1707. Numerous works were lost to the fires at Christiansborg in 1794 and at Frederiksborg in 1859, work extant can still be seen on plafonds at Fredensborg and Frederiksberg. Due to the volume of work he produced he maintained a studio with many students and he made only a few portraits, and when depicting royalty or nobility he was known to be assisted by Nicolai Wichmann to complete the heads and faces. The artist society met weekly until 1712 in the Ahlefeldt house on Kongens Nytorv in Copenhagen and that same year Krock received a royal studio behind Børsen in the Post Office building. Beside his duties as a painter, he used the studio to teach drawing. Krock became a man, and had an impressive home. His first wife died in 1718, in 1722 he became an advisor to the Chancellory. He remarried on 17 November 1722 to Elisabeth Vilhelmine Magdalene Cumm and he married his third wife, Armgott Sophie Koefoed, on 26 April 1724.
French painters were being called in to do the work, because there were no qualified Danish artists, and therefore, the idea of a Danish Art Academy, which could train native artists to decorate the King’s castles and palaces, became an important royal objective. In 1731 he painted an altar piece portraying Christ on the Mount of Olives in St. Peter’s Church in Copenhagen, the work was thoroughly restored in 1995
Christian VII of Denmark
Christian VII was a monarch of the House of Oldenburg who was King of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Schleswig and Holstein from 1766 until his death. For his motto he chose, Gloria ex amore patriae, Christian VIIs reign was marked by mental illness and for most of his reign Christian was only nominally king. His half-brother Frederick was designated as regent of Denmark in 1772, from 1784 until Christian VIIs death in 1808, Christians son, Frederick VI, acted as unofficial regent. Christian was the son of King Frederick V and his first wife Louise of Great Britain and he was born in the Queens Bedchamber at Christiansborg Palace, the Royal residence in Copenhagen. He was baptized a few hours the same day and his godparents were King Frederick V, Queen Dowager Sophie Magdalene, Princess Louise and Princess Charlotte Amalie. A former heir to the throne, named Christian, had died in infancy in 1747, therefore and his mother Queen Louise died in 1751, two years after his birth. The following year his father married to Juliane Marie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, after a long period of infirmity, Frederick V died 14 January 1766, just 42 years old.
Later the same day, Christian was proclaimed king from the balcony of Christiansborg Palace, Christians reign was marked by mental illness which affected government decisions, and for most of his reign Christian was only nominally king. His court physicians were especially worried by his frequent masturbation and his royal advisers changed depending on who won power struggles around the throne. In the late 1760s, he came under the influence of his personal physician Johann Friedrich Struensee, from 1770 to 1772, Struensee was de facto regent of the country, and introduced progressive reforms signed into law by Christian VII. The dynastic marriage took place at Christiansborg Palace on 8 November 1766, after his marriage, he abandoned himself to the worst excesses, especially sexual promiscuity. In 1767, he entered into a relationship with the courtesan Støvlet-Cathrine and he publicly declared that he could not love Caroline Matilda, because it was unfashionable to love ones wife. He ultimately sank into a condition of mental stupor, symptoms during this time included paranoia, self-mutilation and hallucinations.
Struensee was a protégé of an Enlightenment circle of aristocrats that had been rejected by the court in Copenhagen and he was a skilled doctor, and having somewhat restored the kings health while visiting the Schleswig-Holstein area, he gained the kings affection. He was retained as travelling physician on 5 April 1768, and accompanied the entourage on the King’s foreign tour to Paris and he was given the title of State Councilor on 12 May 1768, barely a week after leaving Altona. The neglected and lonely Caroline Matilda entered into an affair with Struensee, in 1772, the kings marriage with Caroline Matilda was dissolved by divorce. Christians marriage with Caroline Matilda produced two children, the future King Frederick VI and Princess Louise Auguste, however, it is widely believed that Louise was the daughter of Struensee—portrait comparisons tend to support this hypothesis. Struensee, following a deluge of modernising and emancipating reforms, was arrested and executed the same year, Christian signed Struensees arrest and execution warrant under pressure from his stepmother, Queen Juliane Marie, who had led the movement to have the marriage ended