SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Christmas in the Heart

Christmas in the Heart is the 34th studio album and first Christmas album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on October 13, 2009 by Columbia Records. The album comprises a collection of hymns and popular Christmas songs. All Dylan's royalties from the sale of this album benefited the charities Feeding America in the USA, Crisis in the UK, the World Food Programme. Dylan said that, although he was born and raised Jewish, he never felt left out of Christmas during his childhood in Minnesota. Regarding the popularity of Christmas music, he said, "... it's so worldwide and everybody can relate to it in their own way."The album opened at No. 1 on Billboard's Holiday and Billboard's Folk Album Chart, No. 10 on Rock Album charts and No. 23 on overall album charts. The album was recorded in a Santa Monica studio owned by Jackson Browne. In an interview published by Street News Service, journalist Bill Flanagan asked Dylan why he had performed the songs in a straightforward style, Dylan responded: There wasn't any other way to play it.

These songs are part of my life, just like folk songs. You have to play them straight too; when Flanagan reported that some critics thought the album was an ironic treatment of Christmas songs, Dylan responded: Critics like that are on the outside looking in. They are not fans or the audience that I play to, they would have no gut level understanding of me and my work, what I can and can't do—the scope of it all. At this point in time they still don't know what to make of me. Dylan released a music video for the song "Must Be Santa" directed by Nash Edgerton. In the video and some other people are having a Christmas house party, until two of the guests start fighting and smashing things around and one of them running away. In the closing scene, we see Santa Claus. A music video was released for the song "Little Drummer Boy" directed by Jeff Scher, a music video ecard was released for the song "Must Be Santa". At Metacritic, the album holds a score of 62 out of 100 based on 17 reviews, indicating favorable reviews.

While the unexpected move by Dylan to record a Christmas album was received with skepticism at first, the outcome of the project was lauded by critics for bringing a fresh breath of air into these classics. Slant Magazine's critic Jesse Cataldo awarded the album 4 stars out of 5 and said: This enjoyable sense of exploration, which prizes levity in a genre that amounts to an artistic wasteland, is invaluable, it proves how much life is left in the songs, how much other artists have succeeded at butchering them. Se7en magazine's critic agreed, writing: The arrangement of his band mixes up the style of the songs, resulting in a repertoire of Christmas songs that genuinely sound like modern material, while avoiding being cliché; the critic for Tiny Mix Tapes rated the album 4 stars out of 5, writing: On Christmas in the Heart... it's not the heat, but the bitter cold, the kind you feel in northern Minnesnowta. These are traditional numbers, aged but not antiquated. In keeping with releases like Good as I Been to You and World Gone Wrong, the album features Dylan exorcising the musical spirits of the land.

Some will rank it like Dylan & the Dead. Still others will categorize it like Self Portrait. It's none of these; these songs are Dylan's latest exploits, but they're deathly sincere, as serious and kitschy as Theme Time Radio Hour. It's the music that introduces old Disney films, an album as dense and allusive as his other recent outings. Feeding America received Dylan's royalties from sales in the USA, while two further charities, the United Nations' World Food Programme and Crisis in the UK, received royalties from overseas sales. Dylan said: "That the problem of hunger is solvable means we must each do what we can to help feed those who are suffering and support efforts to find long-term solutions. I'm honoured to partner with the World Food Programme and Crisis in their fight against hunger and homelessness." Bob Dylanvocals, electric piano, harmonica Tony Garnierbass guitar George Receli – drums, percussion Donnie Herron – steel guitar, trumpet, violin David Hidalgoaccordion, mandolin, violin Phil Upchurch – guitar Patrick Warren – piano, celesteAdditional musicians Amanda Barrett, Bill Cantos, Randy Crenshaw, Abby DeWald, Nicole Eva Emery, Walt Harrah, Robert Joyce – choirTechnical personnel Bob Dylan – producer David Bianco – recording, mixing Bill Lane – assistant engineering David Spreng – additional engineering Glen Suravech – assistant engineering Rich Tosti, Ed Wong – studio supportArtwork Olivia De Berandis – inside cover illustration Ewin Fotheringham – back cover illustration Leonard Freed/Magnum Photos – inside photo Coco Shinomiya – design VisualLanguage.com – front cover Bill Flanagan interview with Bob Dylan about Christmas in the Heart

Lord High Constable of England

The Lord High Constable of England is the seventh of the Great Officers of State, ranking beneath the Lord Great Chamberlain and above the Earl Marshal. His office is now called out of abeyance only for coronations; the Lord High Constable was the commander of the royal armies and the Master of the Horse. He was in conjunction with the Earl Marshal, president of the Court of Chivalry or Court of Honour. In feudal times, martial law was administered in the court of the Lord High Constable; the constableship was granted as a grand serjeanty with the Earldom of Hereford by the Empress Matilda to Miles of Gloucester, was carried by his heiress to the Bohuns, Earls of Hereford and Essex. They had a surviving male heir, still have heirs male, but due to the power of the monarchy the constableship was irregularly given to the Staffords, Dukes of Buckingham. Since that point it has not existed as a separate office, except as a temporary appointment for the Coronation of a monarch; the Lacys and Verduns were hereditary constables of Ireland from the 12th to the 14th century.

1139–1143: Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford 1143–1155: Roger Fitzmiles, 2nd Earl of Hereford 1155–1159: Walter de Hereford 1159–1164: Henry Fitzmiles 1164–1176: Humphrey III de Bohun 1176–1220: Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford 1220–1275: Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex 1275–1298: Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex 1298–1322: Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and 3rd Earl of Essex 1322–1336: John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford and 4th Earl of Essex 1336–1361: Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford and 5th Earl of Essex 1361–1373: Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of NorthamptonA cousin was alive, not granted the titles due to him and his heirs: Gilbert de Bohun, died 1381 1373–1397: Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester 1397–1399: Humphrey, 2nd Earl of Buckingham 1399–1403: Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland 1403-?: John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford 1445-1450 John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont?-1455: Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham 1455–1456: Richard, Duke of York 1456–1460: Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham 1461–1467: John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester 1467–1469: Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers 1469–1470: Richard, Duke of Gloucester 1470–1471: John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford 1471–1483: Richard, Duke of Gloucester 1483: Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1483–1504: Thomas Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley 1504–1521: Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham At this point, the office merged with the Crown and was revived only for coronations.

It was held at coronations by the following individuals: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Lord High Constable". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Constable of France - a similar office in France

New Zealand national rugby sevens team

The New Zealand national rugby sevens team competes in the World Rugby Sevens Series, Rugby World Cup Sevens, Summer Olympic Games and the Commonwealth Games. They have won a record twelve World Rugby Sevens Series titles; the team has been known as the All Blacks Sevens since 1 June 2012. The team played for the first time at the 1973 International Seven-A-Side Tournament. In 1983 it first entered the Hong Kong Sevens, where it has been champion 10 times and runner-up another 10 times; the team has won twelve of the twenty IRB Sevens World Series events. Since 2000 when the series first started, the only times they have not won the series were in 2006 when Fiji were crowned champions, 2009, 2017 and 2018 won by South Africa. 2010 when they came second to Samoa and 2015, 2016 when Fiji won the series back to back and in 2019 when Fiji won their 4th series title. New Zealand hasn't won a series title since 2014. In the 2006–07 series, it was left until the last round at Murrayfield, Edinburgh, to find out who would win.

If Fiji had won their quarter-final against Wales they would have won the series but they lost 21–14. This meant. With a convincing six tries to one, 34 -- 5 scoreline, they were crowned champions; the 2007–08 series saw New Zealand set several records. They became the first team in the nine-year history of the IRB Sevens to have won the first four events of a season, having won the Dubai, South Africa, Wellington and USA tournaments. During the USA Sevens, they broke their own record, set in 2001 and 2002, for most consecutive match wins in the IRB Sevens; the team extended their streak of tournaments won to the first five of the season, a record seven overall, by defeating South Africa in the final of the 2008 Hong Kong Sevens. Their record streaks of tournaments won and match wins ended in the final of the Adelaide Sevens with a 15–7 defeat to South Africa. Although they would lose to England in the Cup quarterfinals of the next event, the London Sevens, they won the second-level Plate final, giving them enough points to secure the 2007–08 series crown with one round to spare.

World Rugby Sevens Series Winners: 1999–00, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14 Runner-up: 2009–10 Third-place: 2014–15, 2015–16, 2018-2019 Fourth-place: 2005–06, 2008–09, 2016–17Rugby World Cup Sevens Winners: 2001, 2013, 2018 Runner-up: 2005 Third-place: 1997Commonwealth Games Winners: 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2018 Runner-up: 2014Oceania Sevens Runner-up: 2014 New Zealand has won the World Rugby Sevens Series a record 12 times. New Zealand were dominant in the early years of the Series, winning the first six series. There are no fixtures available for 1999–2004 Walace Lagi philip Curuki Filimoni Tarai Mark Harvey List of New Zealand rugby sevens internationals All Blacks Official website WorldRugby profile