Christoph Ludwig Agricola

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Christoph Ludwig Agricola
Christoph Ludwig Agricola.jpg
Christoph Ludwig Agricola
Born5 November, 1667
Regensburg, Germany
Died8 August, 1719
Regensburg, Germany
NationalityGerman
EducationGermany
Known forPainting, etching

Christoph Ludwig Agricola (November 5, 1667 – August 8, 1719) was a German landscape painter and etcher. He was born and died at Regensburg (Ratisbon).

Life and career[edit]

Christoph Ludwig Agricola was born on 5 November 1667 at Regensburg in Germany, he trained, as many painters of the period did, by studying nature.[1]

He spent a great part of his life in travel, visiting England, the Netherlands and France, and residing for a considerable period at Naples, where he may have been influenced by Poussin,[2] he also stayed for some years circa 1712 in Venice, where he painted many works for the patron Zaccaria Sagredo.[3]

He died in Regensburg in 1719.

Work[edit]

Although he primarily worked in gouache and oils, documentary sources reveal that he also produced a small number of etchings,[4] he was a good draughtsman, used warm lighting and exhibited a warm, masterly brushstroke.[5]

His numerous landscapes, chiefly cabinet pictures, are remarkable for fidelity to nature, and especially for their skilful representation of varied phases of climate, especially nocturnal scenes and weather anomalies such as thunderstorms.[6] In composition his style shows the influence of Nicolas Poussin, while in light and colour he imitates Claude Lorrain, his work often displays the idealistic scenes associated with his former mentor, Poussin. [7] His compositions include ruins of ancient buildings in the foreground, but his favourite figure for the foreground was men dressed in Oriental attire,[8] he also produced a series of etchings of birds. [9]

His pictures can be found in Dresden, Braunschweig, Vienna, Florence, Naples and many other towns of both Germany and Italy.

Legacy[edit]

He probably tutored the artist, Johann Theile, and had an enormous influence on him.[10] Art historians have also noted that the work of the landscape painter, Christian Johann Bendeler (1699-1728), was also influenced by Agricola. [11]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Viardot, L., An Illustrated History of Painters of All Schools, Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1877, p. 258; Kugler, F., Handbook of Painting: The German, Flemish, and Dutch Schools, Volume 2, J. Murray, 1874, p. 567
  2. ^ "Agricola, Christoph Ludwig," Encyclopædia Britannica, Online:; Viardot, L., An Illustrated History of Painters of All Schools, Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1877, p. 258; Kugler, F., Waagen, F.G. and Crowe, J.A., The German, Flemish and Dutch Schools of Painting, Volume 2, J. Murray, 1911, p. 567
  3. ^ Boni, Page 8
  4. ^ Ottley, W., Notices of Engravers, and Their Works, being the Commencement of a new Dictionary, which it is not intended to continue, containing some account of upwards of three hundred masters, etc, 1831
  5. ^ Kugler, F., Handbook of Painting: The German, Flemish, and Dutch Schools, Volume 2, J. Murray, 1874, p. 567
  6. ^ "Agricola, Christoph Ludwig," Encyclopædia Britannica, Online:; Koziel, A., "The Forgotten Star of Wroclaw: A Few Words about the Work of Christian Johann Bendeler (1699-1728)" in: Šeferisová Loudová, M., Kroupa, J. and Lubomír, K., Orbis artium: k jubileu Lubomíra Slavíčka, Vol. 1, Brno, Masarykova Univerzita, 2009, pp. 219-233 PDF Online:
  7. ^ Macfall, H., The Renaissance in the North; and the Flemish Genius, [Volume 4 in the series, History of Painting], Dana Estes and Company, 2004, p.145
  8. ^ Kugler, F., Handbook of Painting: The German, Flemish, and Dutch Schools, Volume 2, J. Murray, 1874, p. 567
  9. ^ Watercolours, Pictures and Prints of Birds [Auction Catalogue], Christie, Manson & Woods, 1989, pp 18-19
  10. ^ Killy, W. and Vierhaus, R., Thibaut - Zycha, Walter de Gruyter, 2011, p. 2; Kugler, F., Waagen, F.G. and Crowe, J.A., The German, Flemish and Dutch Schools of Painting, Volume 2, J. Murray, 1911, p. 567
  11. ^ Koziel, A., "The Forgotten Star of Wroclaw: A Few Words about the Work of Christian Johann Bendeler (1699-1728)" in: Šeferisová Loudová, M., Kroupa, J. and Lubomír, K., Orbis artium: k jubileu Lubomíra Slavíčka, Vol. 1, Brno, Masarykova Univerzita, 2009, pp. 219-233 PDF Online:
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Agricola, Christoph Ludwig" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Further reading[edit]