Calvary Cemetery (Queens, New York)
Calvary Cemetery is a Roman Catholic cemetery in Maspeth and Woodside, Queens, in New York City, New York, United States. With about 3 million burials, it has the largest number of interments of any cemetery in the United States, it covers 365 acres and is owned by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York and managed by the Trustees of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Calvary Cemetery is divided into four sections, spread across the neighborhoods of Maspeth and Woodside; the oldest, First Calvary, is called "Old Calvary." The Second and Fourth sections are all considered part of "New Calvary." First Calvary Cemetery is located between the Long Island Review Avenue. The cemetery's offices are located here, at 49–02 Laurel Hill Boulevard. Second Calvary Cemetery is located on the west side of 58th Street between Queens Boulevard and the Brooklyn–Queens Expressway. Third Calvary Cemetery is located on the west side of 58th Street between the Long Island Expressway and the Brooklyn–Queens Expressway. Fourth Calvary Cemetery is located on the west side of 58th Street between the Long Island Expressway and 55th Avenue.
In 1817, the Trustees of Old St. Patrick's Cathedral on Mott Street realized that their original cemetery on Mulberry Street was full. In 1847, faced with cholera epidemics and a shortage of burial grounds in Manhattan, the New York State Legislature passed the Rural Cemetery Act authorizing nonprofit corporations to operate commercial cemeteries. On October 29, 1845 Old St. Patrick's Cathedral trustees had purchased 71 acres of land from John McMenoy and John McNolte in Maspeth and this land was used to develop Calvary Cemetery; the cemetery was consecrated by Archbishop John Hughes in August 1848. The cemetery was named after Mount Calvary, where Jesus Christ was crucified according to the New Testament. Calvary was accessible by ferryboat from the East River, it cost an adult seven dollars to be buried there. Burial of children under age seven cost three dollars; as development in the East Village expanded, bodies buried in that neighborhood were transferred to Queens. In 1854, ferry service opened by the East River.
The first Calvary Cemetery burial occurred on July 31, 1848. The name of the deceased was Esther Ennis, who “died of a broken heart.” By 1852 there were half of them poor Irish under seven years of age. In the early 20th century and tuberculosis epidemics caused a shortage of gravediggers, people dug graves for their own loved ones; the entire number of interments from the cemetery's opening in August 1848 until January 1898, was 644,761. From January 1898 until 1907 there were about 200,000 interments, thus yielding 850,000 interments at Calvary Cemetery by 1907; the original division of the cemetery, now known as First Calvary or Old Calvary, was filled by 1867. The Archdiocese of New York expanded the area of the cemetery, adding more sections, by the 1990s there were nearly 3 million burials in Calvary Cemetery; the cemetery was used in the film The Godfather for the funeral of Don Corleone and the Ben Stiller comedy, Zoolander. Now the Cemetery accepts only immediate interments; the chapel was designed by Raymond F. Almirall.
The Calvary Monument is located in a city-owned park, Calvary Veterans Park, wholly contained within the cemetery. The monument honors the 69th Regiment. There is no signage from the main entrance directing one to the monument, located at 40.7308°N 73.9297°W / 40.7308. Willie Keeler, Hall of Fame baseball player – 1st, Section 1W, range 15, plot B, grave 5 Jim Shanley, baseball player Martin Sheridan, four-time Olympic gold medalist in the discus and shot put Mickey Welch, Hall of Fame baseball player – 1st, Section 4, range 17, plot S, grave 6 Nancy Carroll, actress – 3rd, Section 35, range 10, lot Q, grave 14/15 Ferruccio Corradetti, opera singer, Section 30, Range 2, Plot F, Grave 8 Dom Deluise, actor - 2nd, Section 42 Tess Gardella, actress who played Aunt Jemima – 1st, Section 56, range 129, grave 18 Patrick Gilmore, "Father of the American Band" – 1st, Section 10, plot 15 Texas Guinan and saloon-keeper – 1st, Section 47, plot F Robert Harron, actor – "Second Calvary", section 6B, range 13, plot A, grave 3 James Hayden, actor Joseph E. Howard, American composer Patsy Kelly, actress – 4th, Section 66, plot 40, grave 7 James Murray, actor – 3rd, Section 21, range 6, plot 4 Nita Naldi, actress – 1st, Section 1W, range 5AA, plot 13/14, grave 5 Arthur O'Connell, actor – 3rd, Section 34, row 7, range Q, plot 10/11 Una O'Connor, actress – 4th, Section 70, plot 46, grave 16 Edward Le Roy Rice, producer of minstrel shows William J. Scanlan, singer Wini Shaw, actress – 3rd, Section 33, range 1F, grave 34 Joe Spinell, actor – 1st, Section 51, lot 106-16 Bert Wheeler, comedian – 1st, Section 47, plot 46, grave 29, Catholic Actors Guild lot Joseph Petrosino, NYPD's first commanding officer of the "Black Hand Squad", a precursor to the NYPD's Bomb Squad, who investigated the Italian Mafia who used explosives to shake down businesses in NYC.
Detective Lieutenant Petrosino, an Italian-American, was the first NYPD officer killed overseas in the "line of duty," while investigating organized crime in Italy. Subject of the film Pay or Die – 3rd, Section 22, range 9, plot K, graves 17/18 Irma Lozada (April 26, 1959 – September 21
United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States; the composition of the House is established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The House is composed of Representatives who sit in congressional districts that are allocated to each of the 50 states on a basis of population as measured by the U. S. Census, with each district entitled to one representative. Since its inception in 1789, all Representatives have been directly elected; the total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435. As of the 2010 Census, the largest delegation is that of California, with fifty-three representatives. Seven states have only one representative: Alaska, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming; the House is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President for consideration.
In addition to this basic power, the House has certain exclusive powers, among them the power to initiate all bills related to revenue. The House meets in the south wing of the United States Capitol; the presiding officer is the Speaker of the House, elected by the members thereof. The Speaker and other floor leaders are chosen by the Democratic Caucus or the Republican Conference, depending on whichever party has more voting members. Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress of the Confederation was a unicameral body in which each state was represented, in which each state had a veto over most action. After eight years of a more limited confederal government under the Articles, numerous political leaders such as James Madison and Alexander Hamilton initiated the Constitutional Convention in 1787, which received the Confederation Congress's sanction to "amend the Articles of Confederation". All states except Rhode Island agreed to send delegates; the issue of how to structure Congress was one of the most divisive among the founders during the Convention.
Edmund Randolph's Virginia Plan called for a bicameral Congress: the lower house would be "of the people", elected directly by the people of the United States and representing public opinion, a more deliberative upper house, elected by the lower house, that would represent the individual states, would be less susceptible to variations of mass sentiment. The House is referred to as the lower house, with the Senate being the upper house, although the United States Constitution does not use that terminology. Both houses' approval is necessary for the passage of legislation; the Virginia Plan drew the support of delegates from large states such as Virginia and Pennsylvania, as it called for representation based on population. The smaller states, favored the New Jersey Plan, which called for a unicameral Congress with equal representation for the states; the Convention reached the Connecticut Compromise or Great Compromise, under which one house of Congress would provide representation proportional to each state's population, whereas the other would provide equal representation amongst the states.
The Constitution was ratified by the requisite number of states in 1788, but its implementation was set for March 4, 1789. The House began work on April 1789, when it achieved a quorum for the first time. During the first half of the 19th century, the House was in conflict with the Senate over regionally divisive issues, including slavery; the North was much more populous than the South, therefore dominated the House of Representatives. However, the North held no such advantage in the Senate, where the equal representation of states prevailed. Regional conflict was most pronounced over the issue of slavery. One example of a provision supported by the House but blocked by the Senate was the Wilmot Proviso, which sought to ban slavery in the land gained during the Mexican–American War. Conflict over slavery and other issues persisted until the Civil War, which began soon after several southern states attempted to secede from the Union; the war culminated in the abolition of slavery. All southern senators except Andrew Johnson resigned their seats at the beginning of the war, therefore the Senate did not hold the balance of power between North and South during the war.
The years of Reconstruction that followed witnessed large majorities for the Republican Party, which many Americans associated with the Union's victory in the Civil War and the ending of slavery. The Reconstruction period ended in about 1877; the Democratic Party and Republican Party each held majorities in the House at various times. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw a dramatic increase in the power of the Speaker of the House; the rise of the Speaker's influence began in the 1890s, during the tenure of Republican Thomas Brackett Reed. "Czar Reed", as he was nicknamed, attempted to put into effect his view that "The best system is to have one party govern and the other party watch." The leadership structure of the House developed during the same period, with the positions of Majority Leader and Minority Leader being created in 1899. While the Minority Leader
72nd United States Congress
The Seventy-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1931, to March 4, 1933, during the last two years of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910; the Senate had a Republican majority. The House started with a slim Republican majority, but by the time it first met in December 1931, the Democrats had gained a majority through special elections. Ongoing: Great Depression January 12, 1932: Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas became the first woman elected to the United States Senate. Caraway had won a special election to fill the remaining months of the term of her late husband, Senator Thaddeus Caraway, she won re-election to a full term in 1932 and again in 1938 and served in the Senate until January 1945.
July 28, 1932: Bonus Army was dispersed. November 8, 1932: United States elections, 1932: United States presidential election, 1932: Incumbent Republicans Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis lost to Democrats Franklin Roosevelt as President, John Nance Garner as Vice President. United States Senate elections, 1932: Democrats gained 12 seats for a 59–36 majority. United States House of Representatives elections, 1932: Democrats gained 97 seats for a 313–117 majority. January 22, 1932: Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act, Sess. 1, ch. 8, 47 Stat. 5 March 23, 1932: Norris-LaGuardia Act, Sess. 1, ch. 90, 47 Stat. 70 June 6, 1932: Revenue Act of 1932, Sess. 1, ch. 209, 47 Stat. 169 July 22, 1932: Federal Home Loan Bank Act, Sess. 1, ch. 522, 47 Stat. 725 March 3, 1933: Buy American Act, Sess. 2, ch. 212, title III, 47 Stat. 1520 March 2, 1932: Approved an amendment to the United States Constitution moving the beginning and ending of the terms of the president and vice president from March 4 to January 20, of members of Congress from March 4 to January 3, establishing what is to be done when there is no president-elect, submitted it to the state legislatures for ratification January 23, 1933: The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified by the requisite number of states to become part of the Constitution.
February 20, 1933: Approved an amendment to the U. S. Constitution repealing the Eighteenth Amendment, submitted it to state ratifying conventions for ratification Amendment was ratified on December 5, 1933, becoming the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. President: Charles Curtis President pro tempore: George H. Moses Majority Leader: James E. Watson Majority Whip: Simeon D. Fess Republican Conference Secretary: Frederick Hale Minority Leader: Joseph T. Robinson Minority Whip: Morris Sheppard Democratic Caucus Secretary: Hugo Black Speaker: John N. Garner Republican Nicholas Longworth, House Speaker in the previous Congress, was presumed to be elected Speaker with his party's tiny 3-seat majority.
However Longworth died April 9, 1931 and by the time the 72nd Congress convened in December 1931, Democrats had gained enough seats through deaths and special elections to become the majority party and elect Democrat John Garner as Speaker. Majority Leader: Henry T. Rainey Majority Whip: John McDuffie Democratic Caucus Chairman: William W. Arnold Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Joseph W. Byrns Sr. Minority Leader: Bertrand H. Snell Minority Whip: Carl G. Bachmann Republican Conference Chair: Willis C. Hawley This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class, Representatives are listed by district. Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1934; the names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.
Replacements: 8 No net gains for either party Deaths: 6 Resignations: 3 Interim appointments: 4 Total seats with changes: 11 replacements: 23 Democratic: 6 seat net gain Republican: 6 seat net loss Deaths: 24 Resignations: 7 Contested election: 1 Total seats with changes: 32 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of
Bernard F. Martin
Bernard F. Martin was an American politician from Manhattan, New York City, he was born on County Longford, Ireland. The family emigrated to the United States when Bernard was four years old, in 1849, he attended St. Francis Xavier's College, he became a delivery clerk. He fought for three months in the American Civil War with the 37th New York Volunteers. Returning home, he became a street car conductor, a driver for the New York News Company, he joined Tammany Hall at the time of John Kelly's leadership, became a clerk in the office of the Board of Health. In 1882, he kept a saloon for a short time, engaged in the real estate business, he was an Alderman of New York City in 1882. Martin was a member of the New York State Senate from 1896 to 1906, sitting in the 119th, 120th, 121st, 122nd, 123rd, 124th, 125th, 126th, 127th, 128th and 129th New York State Legislatures, he died on August 10, 1914, at his summer home in Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, of "heart disease brought on by indigestion"
70th United States Congress
The Seventieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1927, to March 4, 1929, during the last two years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority. November 6, 1928: U. S. Senate elections and U. S. House elections March 10, 1928: Settlement of War Claims Act May 15, 1928: Flood Control Act of 1928 May 22, 1928: Merchant Marine Act of 1928 May 22, 1928: Forest Research Act May 22, 1928: Capper–Ketcham Act May 28, 1928: Welsh Act May 29, 1928: Revenue Act of 1928, ch. 852, 45 Stat. 791 May 29, 1928: Reed–Jenkins Act December 21, 1928: Boulder Canyon Project Act December 22, 1928: Color of Title Act January 19, 1929: Hawes–Cooper Act February 18, 1929: Migratory Bird Conservation Act, ch.
257, 45 Stat. 1222 February 25, 1929: Mount Rushmore National Memorial Act March 2, 1929: Increased Penalties Act The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. Present: Charles G. Dawes President pro tempore: George H. Moses Majority Leader: Charles Curtis Majority Whip: Wesley L. Jones Republican Conference Secretary: Frederick Hale Minority leader: Joseph T. Robinson Minority whip: Peter G. Gerry Democratic Caucus Secretary: Hugo Black Speaker: Nicholas Longworth Majority Leader: John Q. Tilson Majority Whip: Albert Vestal Republican Conference Chair: Willis C. Hawley Minority Leader: Finis J. Garrett Minority Whip: William Allan Oldfield Democratic Caucus Chairman: Arthur H. Greenwood Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Joseph W. Byrns Sr.
This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class, they were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1928. Members of the House of Representatives are listed by district; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Replacements: 15 Democratic: 1 seat net gain Republican: 1 seat net loss Deaths: 16 Resignations: 7 Total seats with changes: 23 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Conditions of Indian Tribes Disposition of Executive Papers Harriman Geographic Code System Investigation of Northern Pacific Railroad Land Grants Taxation To Investigate the Salaries of Officers and Employees of the Senate and the House Democratic Democratic Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver Comptroller General of the United States: John R. McCarl Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam Public Printer of the United States: George H. Carter Chaplain: John J. Muir, ZeBarney T. Phillips, from December 5, 1927 Secretary: Edwin P. Thayer Sergeant at Arms: David S. Barry Chaplain: James S. Montgomery Clerk: William T. Page Doorkeeper: Bert W. Kennedy Reading Clerks: Patrick Joseph Haltigan and N/A Sergeant at Arms: Joseph G. Rodgers Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler Postmaster: Frank W. Collier United States elections, 1926 United States Senate elections, 1926 United States House of Representatives elections, 1926 United States elections, 1928 United States presidential election, 1928 United States Senate elections, 1928 United States House of Representatives elections, 1928 Martis, Kenneth C..
The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Biographical Directory of the U. S. Congress U. S. House of Representatives: House History U. S. Senate: Statistics and Lists Official Congressional Directory for the 70th Congress, 1st Session. Official Congressional Directory for the 70th Congress, 1st Session. Official Congressional Directory for the 70th Congress, 2nd Session. Official Congressional Directory for the 70th Congress, 2nd Session
New York's 13th congressional district
New York's 13th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in New York City, represented by Adriano Espaillat. The district is the smallest Congressional district by area in the U. S; the 13th district comprises a small portion of the western Bronx. The district includes the neighborhoods of Harlem, Marble Hill, Spanish Harlem, Washington Heights, portions of Morningside Heights and the Upper West Side; the Apollo Theater and Grant's Tomb are located within this district. From 2003 to 2013, the district included all of Staten Island and the neighborhoods of Bay Ridge, Dyker Heights, Gravesend in Brooklyn. Various New York districts have been numbered "13" over the years, including areas in New York City and various parts of upstate New York. 1803-1809: Montgomery1847-1849: Albany1913-1945: Parts of Manhattan1945-1993: Parts of Brooklyn1993–2013: All of Staten Island Parts of Brooklyn2013–present: Parts of Manhattan, The Bronx In New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum.
Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, the final candidate votes. List of United States congressional districts New York's congressional districts United States congressional delegations from New York Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 1996 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 1998 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2000 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2002 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2004 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2006 New York Election Results The New York Times 2008 New York Rep.in Congress Returns, New York State Board of Elections Election Results 2010 The New York Times
76th United States Congress
The Seventy-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1939, to January 3, 1941, during the seventh and eighth years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency; the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifteenth Census of the United States in 1930. Both chambers had a Democratic majority, it is the most recent Congress to have held a third session. April 9, 1939: African-American singer Marian Anderson performs before 75,000 people at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D. C. after having been denied the use both of Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution, of a public high school by the federally controlled District of Columbia. August 2, 1939: Albert Einstein wrote to President Franklin Roosevelt about developing the atomic bomb using uranium; this led to the creation of the Manhattan Project.
September 5, 1939: World War II: The United States declares its neutrality in the war. November 4, 1939: World War II: President Roosevelt ordered the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons to non-belligerent nations. November 15, 1939: President Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial. April 1, 1940: April Fools' Day was the census date for the 16th U. S. Census. May 16, 1940: World War II: President Roosevelt, addressed a joint session of Congress, asking for an extraordinary credit of $900 million to finance construction of at least 50,000 airplanes per year. June 10, 1940: World War II: President Roosevelt denounced Italy's actions with his "Stab in the Back" speech during the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia. August 4, 1940: World War II: Gen. John J. Pershing, in a nationwide radio broadcast, urges all-out aid to Britain in order to defend the Americas, while Charles Lindbergh speaks to an isolationist rally at Soldier Field in Chicago.
September, 1940: The Army's 45th Infantry Division, was activated and ordered into federal service for 1 year, to engage in a training program in Ft. Sill and Louisiana, prior to serving in World War II. September 2, 1940: World War II: An agreement between America and Great Britain was announced to the effect that 50 U. S. destroyers needed. In return, America gained 99-year leases on British bases in the North Atlantic, West Indies and Bermuda. September 26, 1940: World War II: The United States imposed a total embargo on all scrap metal shipments to Japan. October 16, 1940: The draft registration of 16 million men began in the United States. October 29, 1940: The Selective Service System lottery was held in Washington, D. C.. November 5, 1940: U. S. presidential election, 1940: Democrat incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Republican challenger Wendell Willkie and became the United States's first and only third-term president. November 12, 1940: Case of Hansberry v. Lee, 311 U. S. 32, allowing a racially restrictive covenant to be lifted.
December 17, 1940: President Roosevelt, at his regular press conference, first outlined his plan to send aid to Great Britain that will become known as Lend-Lease. December 29, 1940: Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a fireside chat to the nation, declared that the United States must become "the great arsenal of democracy." January 13, 1941: All persons born in Puerto Rico after this day were declared U. S. citizens by birth, through federal law 8 U. S. C. § 1402. January 20, 1941: Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes swore in President Roosevelt for a third term. January 27, 1941: World War II: U. S. Ambassador to Japan Joseph C. Grew passed on to Washington a rumor overheard at a diplomatic reception about a planned surprise attack upon Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. February 4, 1941: World War II: The United Service Organization was created to entertain American troops. January 23, 1941: Aviator Charles Lindbergh testified before the Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
April 3, 1939: Reorganization Act of 1939, Pub. L. 76–19, 53 Stat. 561 August 2, 1939: Hatch Act of 1939, ch. 410, 53 Stat. 1147 November 4, 1939: Neutrality Act of 1939, ch. 2, 54 Stat. 4 June 29, 1940: Alien Registration Act, 3d sess. ch. 439, 54 Stat. 670 August 22, 1940: Act of August 22, 1940, ch. 686, Pub. L. 76–768, 54 Stat. 789 September 16, 1940: Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, Pub. L. 76–783 President: John N. Garner President pro tempore: Key Pittman Majority Leader: Alben W. Barkley Majority Whip: Sherman Minton Caucus Secretary: Joshua B. Lee Minority Leader: Charles McNary Republican Conference Secretary: Frederick Hale Speaker: William B. Bankhead, until September 15, 1940 Sam Rayburn, from September 16, 1940 Majority Leader: Sam Rayburn, until September 16, 1940 John W. McCormack, from September 16, 1940 Democratic Whip: Patrick J. Boland Democratic Caucus Chairman: John W. McCormack, until September 16, 1940 Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Patrick H. Drewry Minority Leader: Joseph William Martin, Jr. Republican Whip: Harry Lane Englebright Republican Conference Chairman: Roy O. Woodruff Senators were popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress.
Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Cla