Christoph I, Margrave of Baden-Baden

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Christopher I
Margrave of Baden
Christoph I of baden 1515 munich.jpg
Christoph of Baden-Baden by Hans Baldung, 1515
Born (1453-11-13)13 November 1453
Baden-Baden
Died 19 April 1527(1527-04-19) (aged 73)
Baden-Baden
Noble family Zähringen
Spouse(s) Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen
Father Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Mother Catherine of Austria

Christopher I of Baden (13 November 1453 – 19 April 1527) was the Margrave of Baden from 1475 to 1515.

Life[edit]

Christoph was the eldest son of Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden and Catherine of Austria, a sister of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. He regained the territories that were lost by his father to the Palatinate and its allies. Christoph tried to keep these territories then united under his son and successor Philip I, but his efforts were thwarted by Louis XII of France. In 1479, the seat of the Margraviate of Baden was moved from Hohenbaden Castle to New Castle (Neues Schloss) of Baden-Baden which was built by him. By 1503, Christoph was responsible for uniting all the Badener lands when the Baden-Sausenberg died without male heirs. In 1515, before his death, he divided the Margraviate between his sons Philipp, Bernhard, and Ernst. However, Philipp who had succeeded him died childless, and his share was passed down to his brothers Bernhard and Ernst. Thus, Bernhard founded the so-called "Bernardine line" of Baden-Baden and Ernst founded the "Ernestine line" of Baden-Durlach.

Family and children[edit]

Detail of a painting showing Christoph I

Margrave Christoph married on 30 January 1469[1] Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen (ca. 1451 – 15 August 1517), a granddaughter of Philipp I, Count of Katzenelnbogen. They had the following children:

  1. Ottilie (6 June 1470 – 1490), Abbess in Pforzheim
  2. Jakob (6 June 1471 – 27 April 1511, Cologne), Archbishop of Trier
  3. Marie (2 July 1473 – 9 January 1519); Abbess in Lichtenthal
  4. Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden (7 April 1474 – 29 June 1536)
  5. Karl (21 June 1476 – 7 October 1510), canon in Strasbourg and Trier
  6. Christoph (21 July 1477 – 29 March 1508), canon in Strasbourg and Trier
  7. Philipp (10 December 1478 – 17 September 1533); Margrave of Baden-Sponheim
  8. Rudolf (16 June 1481 – 23 September 1532), canon in Mainz, Cologne, Strasbourg and Augsburg
  9. Ernst, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (7 October 1482 – 6 February 1553)
  10. Wolfgang (10 May 1484 – 24 June 1522)
  11. Sibylle (26 April 1485 – 10 July 1518), married on 24 January 1505 to Philipp III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg
  12. Rosine (5 March 1487 – 29 October 1554), married:
    1. in 1503 to Count Franz Wolfgang of Hohenzollern;
    2. to Johann von Ow zu Wachendorf
  13. John (d. 19 June 1490)
  14. Beatrix (22 January 1492 – 4 April 1535), married in 1508 to Johann II, Count Palatine of Simmern
  15. George (1 July 1493 – 16 November 1493)

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demandt, Karl E. (1955). "Die letzten Katzenelnbogener Grafen und der Kampf um ihr Erbe". Nassauer Annalen. Wiesbaden: Verein für Nassauische Altertumskunde und Geschichtsforschung. 66: 93–132. Retrieved 28 October 2011. 

External links[edit]

Christoph I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Born: 13 November 1453 Died: 19 March 1527
Preceded by
Karl I
Margrave of Baden
1475–1515
Succeeded by
Philipp I, Bernhard III and Ernst
Preceded by
Philipp
Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg
1503-1515