The Greeks or Hellenes are an ethnic group native to Greece, southern Albania, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world. Greek colonies and communities have been established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age; until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, the Balkans and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization; the cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Alexandria and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of Cyprus.
The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church. Greeks have influenced and contributed to culture, exploration, philosophy, architecture, mathematics and technology, business and sports, both and contemporarily; the Greeks speak the Greek language, which forms its own unique branch within the Indo-European family of languages, the Hellenic. They are part of a group of classical ethnicities, described by Anthony D. Smith as an "archetypal diaspora people"; the Proto-Greeks arrived at the area now called Greece, in the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, at the end of the 3rd millennium BC. The sequence of migrations into the Greek mainland during the 2nd millennium BC has to be reconstructed on the basis of the ancient Greek dialects, as they presented themselves centuries and are therefore subject to some uncertainties.
There were at least two migrations, the first being the Ionians and Aeolians, which resulted in Mycenaean Greece by the 16th century BC, the second, the Dorian invasion, around the 11th century BC, displacing the Arcadocypriot dialects, which descended from the Mycenaean period. Both migrations occur at incisive periods, the Mycenaean at the transition to the Late Bronze Age and the Doric at the Bronze Age collapse. An alternative hypothesis has been put forth by linguist Vladimir Georgiev, who places Proto-Greek speakers in northwestern Greece by the Early Helladic period, i.e. towards the end of the European Neolithic. Linguists Russell Gray and Quentin Atkinson in a 2003 paper using computational methods on Swadesh lists have arrived at a somewhat earlier estimate, around 5000 BC for Greco-Armenian split and the emergence of Greek as a separate linguistic lineage around 4000 BC. In c. 1600 BC, the Mycenaean Greeks borrowed from the Minoan civilization its syllabic writing system and developed their own syllabic script known as Linear B, providing the first and oldest written evidence of Greek.
The Mycenaeans penetrated the Aegean Sea and, by the 15th century BC, had reached Rhodes, Crete and the shores of Asia Minor. Around 1200 BC, the Dorians, another Greek-speaking people, followed from Epirus. Traditionally, historians have believed that the Dorian invasion caused the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization, but it is the main attack was made by seafaring raiders who sailed into the eastern Mediterranean around 1180 BC; the Dorian invasion was followed by a poorly attested period of migrations, appropriately called the Greek Dark Ages, but by 800 BC the landscape of Archaic and Classical Greece was discernible. The Greeks of classical antiquity idealized their Mycenaean ancestors and the Mycenaean period as a glorious era of heroes, closeness of the gods and material wealth; the Homeric Epics were and accepted as part of the Greek past and it was not until the time of Euhemerism that scholars began to question Homer's historicity. As part of the Mycenaean heritage that survived, the names of the gods and goddesses of Mycenaean Greece became major figures of the Olympian Pantheon of antiquity.
The ethnogenesis of the Greek nation is linked to the development of Pan-Hellenism in the 8th century BC. According to some scholars, the foundational event was the Olympic Games in 776 BC, when the idea of a common Hellenism among the Greek tribes was first translated into a shared cultural experience and Hellenism was a matter of common culture; the works of Homer and Hesiod were written in the 8th century BC, becoming the basis of the national religion, ethos and mythology. The Oracle of Apollo at Delphi was established in this period; the classical period of Greek civilization covers a time spanning from the early 5th century BC to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It is so named because it set the standards by which Greek civilization would be judged in eras; the Classical period is described as the "Golden Age" of Greek civilization, and
Kalamata is the second most populous city of the Peloponnese peninsula, after Patras, in southern Greece and the largest city of the homonymous administrative region. The capital and chief port of the Messenia regional unit, it lies along the Nedon River at the head of the Messenian Gulf; the 2011 census recorded 69,849 inhabitants for the wider Kalamata Municipality, of which 62,409 in the municipal unit of Kalamata proper. Kalamata is renowned as the land of Kalamata olives; the modern name Kalamáta is a corruption of the older name Καλάμαι, Kalámai, "reeds". The phonetic similarity of Kalamáta with the phrase "kalá mátia" has led to various folk etymologies; the municipality Kalamata was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Arfara Aris Kalamata ThouriaThe municipality has an area of 440.313 km2, the municipal unit 253.279 km2. The municipal unit of Kalamata is subdivided into the following communities: Municipal communities Kalamata Verga Local communities Alagonia Antikalamos Artemisia Asprochoma Elaiochori Karveli Ladas Laiika Mikri Mantineia Nedousa Piges Sperchogeia The province of Kalamata was one of the provinces of the Messenia Prefecture.
Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities West Mani. It was abolished in 2006; the history of Kalamata begins with Homer, who mentions Firai, an ancient city built more or less where the Kalamata Castle stands today. It was believed that during ancient times the area that the city presently occupies was covered by the sea, but the proto-Greek and archaic period remains that were unearthed at Akovitika region prove the opposite. Pharai was rather unimportant in antiquity, the site continued in obscurity until middle Byzantine times. Kalamata is first mentioned in the 10th-century Life of St. Nikon the Metanoeite, experienced a period of prosperity in the 11th–12th centuries, as attested by the five surviving churches built in this period, including the Church of the Holy Apostles, as well as the comments of the Arab geographer al-Idrisi, who calls it a "large and populous" town. Following the Fourth Crusade, Kalamata was conquered by Frankish feudal lords William of Champlitte and Geoffrey of Villehardouin in 1205, when its Byzantine fortress was in so bad a state that it could not be defended against them.
Thus the town became part of the Principality of Achaea, after Champlitte granted its possession to Geoffrey of Villehardouin, the town was the center of the Villehardouins' patrimony in the Principality. Prince William II of Villehardouin was died there. After William II's death in 1278, Kalamata remained in the hands of his widow, Anna Komnene Doukaina, but when she remarried to Nicholas II of Saint Omer, King Charles of Anjou was loath to see this important castle in the hands of a vassal, in 1282 Anna exchanged it with lands elsewhere in Messenia. In 1292 or 1293, two local Melingoi Slavic captains managed to capture the fortress of Kalamata by a ruse and, aided by 600 of their fellow villagers, took over the entire lower town as well in the name of the Byzantine emperor, Andronikos II Palaiologos. Constable John Chauderon in vain tried to secure their surrender, was sent to Constantinople, where Andronikos agreed to hand the town over, but immediately ordered his governor in Mystras not to do so.
In the event, the town was recovered by the Franks through the intercession of a local Greek, a certain Sgouromalles. In 1298, the town formed the dowry of Princess Matilda of Hainaut upon her marriage to Guy II de la Roche. Matilda retained Kalamata as her fief until 1322, when she was dispossessed and the territory reverted to the princely domain. In 1358, Prince Robert gifted the châtellenie of Kalamata to his wife, Marie de Bourbon, who kept it until her death in 1377; the town remained one of the largest in the Morea—a 1391 document places it, with 300 hearths, on par with Glarentza—but it declined in importance throughout the 14th and 15th centuries in favour of other nearby sites like Androusa. Kalamata remained in Frankish hands until near the end of the Principality of Achaea, coming under the control of the Byzantine Despotate of the Morea only in 1428. Kalamata was occupied by the Ottomans like the rest of Greece. In 1659, during the long war between Ottomans and Venetians over Crete, the Venetian commander Francesco Morosini, came into contact with the rebellious Maniots, for a joint campaign in the Morea, in the course of which he took Kalamata.
He was soon after forced to return to Crete
Greece the Hellenic Republic, self-identified and known as Hellas, is a country located in Southern and Southeast Europe, with a population of 11 million as of 2016. Athens is largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, Turkey to the northeast; the Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km in length, featuring a large number of islands, of which 227 are inhabited. Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2,918 metres; the country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Epirus, the Aegean Islands, Thrace and the Ionian Islands.
Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilisation, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, Western drama and notably the Olympic Games. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as poleis, which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea. Philip of Macedon united most of the Greek mainland in the fourth century BC, with his son Alexander the Great conquering much of the ancient world, from the eastern Mediterranean to India. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire, in which Greek language and culture were dominant. Rooted in the first century A. D. the Greek Orthodox Church helped shape modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox World. Falling under Ottoman dominion in the mid-15th century, the modern nation state of Greece emerged in 1830 following a war of independence.
Greece's rich historical legacy is reflected by its 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The sovereign state of Greece is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life, a high standard of living. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001, it is a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. Greece's unique cultural heritage, large tourism industry, prominent shipping sector and geostrategic importance classify it as a middle power, it is the largest economy in the Balkans. The names for the nation of Greece and the Greek people differ from the names used in other languages and cultures.
The Greek name of the country is Hellas or Ellada, its official name is the Hellenic Republic. In English, the country is called Greece, which comes from Latin Graecia and means'the land of the Greeks'; the earliest evidence of the presence of human ancestors in the southern Balkans, dated to 270,000 BC, is to be found in the Petralona cave, in the Greek province of Macedonia. All three stages of the stone age are represented for example in the Franchthi Cave. Neolithic settlements in Greece, dating from the 7th millennium BC, are the oldest in Europe by several centuries, as Greece lies on the route via which farming spread from the Near East to Europe. Greece is home to the first advanced civilizations in Europe and is considered the birthplace of Western civilisation, beginning with the Cycladic civilization on the islands of the Aegean Sea at around 3200 BC, the Minoan civilization in Crete, the Mycenaean civilization on the mainland; these civilizations possessed writing, the Minoans writing in an undeciphered script known as Linear A, the Mycenaeans in Linear B, an early form of Greek.
The Mycenaeans absorbed the Minoans, but collapsed violently around 1200 BC, during a time of regional upheaval known as the Bronze Age collapse. This ushered from which written records are absent. Though the unearthed Linear B texts are too fragmentary for the reconstruction of the political landscape and can't support the existence of a larger state contemporary Hittite and Egyptian records suggest the presence of a single state under a "Great King" based in mainland Greece; the end of the Dark Ages is traditionally dated to the year of the first Olympic Games. The Iliad and the Odyssey, the foundational texts of Western literature, are believed to have been composed by Homer in the 7th or 8th centuries BC. With the end of the Dark Ages, there emerged various kingdoms and city-states across the Greek peninsula, which spread to the shores of the Black Sea, So
Athlitiki Enosi Larissa F.C.
AEL Football Club known by its full name Athlitiki Enosi Larissa called AEL or Larissa, is a Greek association football club based in the city of Larissa, capital of Greece's Thessaly region. Founded in 1964, it is directly associated with the city of its representation; the club's emblem, is a rising horse and its colors are white. It is the only team outside the two major Greek cities to have won the Greek Championship in the season 1987–88. AEL has won the Greek Cup twice and came runners-up in the Cup finals of 1982 and 1984; this record places the club among the top teams in the history of Greek football. They play their home games at a newly built stadium with a capacity of 16,118 seats; the team competes in the Greek Super League, the first tier of the Greek football league system. Athletic Union of Larissa, The "Queen of Thessaly", the "Queen of the lowlands". AEL, is the club. One Championship, two cups, four finals and many important successes at European level compose the temporal profile of the top team of the Greek region.
AEL was created from a vision of a powerful team that will represent a city like Larisa in the top category. The 17 May 1964, is referred to as the exact date of its establishment, – after a barrage of meetings and discussions – held at the Municipal Conservatory of Larissa and a catalytic last meeting of the local county clubs, it was decided the merger of Iraklis Larissa, "Aris", "Toxotis" and "Larissaikos"; the Athletic Union of Larissa was now a reality, designed on the background of the Second Division, in shades of crimson and white... The conversion of the statute of Iraklis Larissa just a few days – on 22 May – and its adoption on 8 June, gave AEL status, while teams "Dimitra", "Doxa Emporoipalilon", "Pelasgiotida" and "Olympos" completed this football family. On 7 June, Alcazar Stadium, the team's first home ground, recorded the initial friendly game, against Panionios who -by that time- was a strong team, winning 2–1. Yugoslavian Alexander Petrovic, was the first foreign coach, hired to ensure the impartiality of the team lineup.
Thus, names of players like Zampas, Kyriakos, Papazoglou, Saltapidas, Delfos and many others, passed into the history of thessalian football. Everything was ready to start, under the administrative umbrella of a 15-member ecumenical council, composed of representatives of clubs and organizations of the city, in which the property was held by the former president of Iraklis Larissa, K. Tzovaridis. Examples of other Greek areas where mergers and establishment of strong teams brought directly impact and a promotion in the 1st Division, has created in advance an optimism which, did not materialize. At least, not directly; the team ends the season 1964–65 in the 5th place. The next year claimed the promotion again; the promotion was lost in a game on 8 May 1966 at Megara with the home side Vyzas opponent. During the entry of the team on the field, player Dimitrios Zambas was hit in the head by a ladder thrown from the stands and was taken to the hospital; the team with 10 players due to the elimination of Kyriakidis from the first quarter, with 3 of the 10 remaining players injured, had formal presence, was defeated 6–0).
Disappointment was soon made its appearance...Αlthough well-known coaches like Dionysis Minardos, Giannis Helmis and Giourkas Seitaridis the first, passed of the "steering wheel" of the team, the downturn seemed certain, leading in 1969 with mathematical precision, in the tail of the table... The relegation would be inevitable if the political conditions of the time – Greek military junta of 1967–1974 – and the fact that teams headed by powerful men were in the same predicament, brought changes in the status of Greek football.. Therefore, Kostas Aslanidis, Lieutenant Colonel and the Secretary General of Athletics, increased the 2 groups of the Second Division to 3 and thus AEL, Chania and Ionikos continued in the B' National. In Fact, there was a rationalization of the Second Division, by creating three groups of 16 teams, of which 15 will be relegated in the 3rd Division, but the effort was left unfinished. Because there has been no relegation and it was decided the next season each group to have 18 teams.
Otherwise, like the previous season, the winners of groups went to the final phase, which claimed the promotion in the 1st Division. The team indeed, with the entrance to the 1970s, the emergence of the administrative forefront of Kantonias family and a dramatic changing at liveware, managed to change the status; the coming of some experienced players such as Simantiris, Kyziroglou and Nikiforakis framed the talented Lakis Pagkarliotas and the others... 25–06–1972: It was the last game of the championship of the Second Division. AEL needed the victory to celebrate the promotion in the First National. In the Serres Municipal Stadium that day except the locals existed around 5000 guest fans from Larissa. AEL managed to precede with 0–1 but Panserraikos equalized with a disputed penalty. Soon riots appeared between the players on the court and generalized at the end of the ma
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards score more goals on behalf of their team than other players. Modern team formations include one to three forwards. Unconventional formations may include none; the traditional role of a centre-forward is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. The player may be used to win long balls or receive passes and retain possession of the ball with their back to goal as teammates advance, in order to provide depth for their team or help teammates score by providing a pass. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the second strikers or central attacking midfielders, do the majority of the ball handling outside the box; the present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder in the 4–3–1–2 or 4–1–2–1–2 formations.
The term "target man" is used to describe a particular type of striker whose main role is to win high balls in the air and create chances for other members of the team. These players are tall and physically strong, being adept at heading the ball; the term centre-forward is taken from the early football playing formation in which there were five forward players: two outside forwards, two inside forwards, one centre-forward. When numbers were introduced in the 1933 English FA Cup final, one of the two centre-forwards that day wore the number nine – Everton's Dixie Dean a strong, powerful forward who had set the record for the most goals scored in a season in English football during the 1927–28 season; the number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. The role of a striker is rather different from that of a traditional centre-forward, although the terms centre-forward and striker are used interchangeably at times, as both play further up the field than other players, while tall and technical players, like Zlatan Ibrahimović, have qualities which are suited to both positions.
Like the centre-forward, the traditional role of a striker is to score goals. They are fast players with good ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short bursts of speed. A good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, have the ability to link-up with teammates and pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. While many strikers wear the number 9 shirt, the position, to a lesser degree, is associated with the number 10, worn by more creative deep-lying forwards such as Pelé, with numbers 7 and 11, which are associated with wingers. Deep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years; such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards. More two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second, or shadow, or support, or auxiliary striker and, in what is in fact a distinct position unto its own, the number 10, exemplified by Dennis Bergkamp.
Other number 10s who play further back, such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane, are described as an attacking midfielder or the playmaker. The second striker position is a loosely defined and most misapplied description of a player positioned somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a "target-man" or more of a "poacher", the Number 10 or attacking midfielder, while showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact, a term coined by French advanced playmaker Michel Platini, the "nine-and-a-half", which he used to describe Roberto Baggio's playing role, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is a prolific goalscorer. Second or support strikers do not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks as the Number 10, nor do they bring as many other players into play, since they do not share the burden of responsibility, functioning predominantly as assist providers.
In Italy, this role is known as a "rifinitore" or "seconda punta", whereas in Brazil, it is known as "segundo atacante" or "ponta-de-lança". The position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries; the inside forwards would support the centre-forward and making space in the opposition defence, and, as the passing game developed, supporting him or her with passes. The role is broadly analogous to the "hole" or second striker position in the modern game, although here there were two such players, known as inside right and inside left. In early 2–3–5 formations the inside-forwards would flank the centre-forward on both sides. With the advent of
AOK PAE Kerkyra, is a professional association football club based in Corfu, Greece. The club plays in the Football League, the second tier of Greek football, following relegation from the Super League after the 2017–18 season, it plays. The club was founded in 2013 following a merger between AO Kassiopi. Athlitikos Omilos Kerkyra, or AO Kerkyra, was founded in 1969. For many years the club played in the local championship of Corfu, but in the season 1988–89 it played in Gamma Ethniki. In 2002 the club was promoted to Beta Ethniki and in the season 2004–05 it played in A Ethniki for the first time in history; the club played 5 times in A Ethniki, the seasons 2005, 2007, 2011, 2012 and 2013. Athlitikos Omilos Kassiopi, or AO Kassiopi, was the football club of the village Kassiopi in north-east Corfu; the club was founded in 1984 and in 2012, it became champion of Delta Ethniki Group 5 and was promoted to Football League 2 for the first time in history. The next season it was finished in the third place of the championship of football and promoted to Football League.
In the same season Kerkyra was relegated from Super League to Football League. On account of a lot of debts, Kerkyra couldn't play in the professional league of Football League. So the owners of the historical club of Corfu agreed with the owners of Kassiopi for the merge of two clubs in order to Kerkyra continue its presence in professional leagues without debts; the intention was the new club to be named PAE Kerkyra but the court approved of the name PAE AOK Kerkyra. Kerkyra was dismissed by Superleague Greece and automatically got relegated to Football League as they were accused and proved to commit fake transfer of shares. Kerkyra was given the last position on the league table. Next season Kerkyra got 2nd place and gained promotion into Superleague Greece along with the 1st place team AEL; the emblem of the club is similar with the seal of the flag of the municipality of Corfu, an ancient Greek ship, a symbol of the island. That ancient Greek ship is the quadriceps trireme and symbolizes the power of the Phaeacians navy in antiquity.
Their colours are the same. Kerkyra's stadium was built in 1961, it is located in the city of Corfu. The stadium is on the southern side of the city, next to the entrance to the airport; the stadium is part of Corfu's National Athletic Center. It has two stands, one large west and one smaller east, built in 1973. Chrysopatas was first placed in 1983. Since for 20 years, a few have changed. In 2003, headlamps were installed; the construction of the shelter over the big stand was made in 2007. The erection of an extra metallic pit on the northern horseshoe is a work, carcassing for many years. In 2010, a 200 seat slot was delivered as a temporary solution, but it is not used; the capacity of the new petal is projected to be 1,230 seats. Built in 1961 Capacity of 2,685 Biggest attendance 5,000 As of 25 January 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Manager: Dimitrios Spanos Assistant manager: Petros Stoilas General manager: Alexandros Analytis Physical trainer: Sotiris Vino Goalkeeping coach: Christos Vasalos Technical manager: Tasos Venetis Doctor: Alekos Koskinas Physical therapist – sports Rrehabilitator: Argyris V. Rapsomanikis Physical therapy assistants: Vasilis Pouloumpis Akis Ilias Aggelos PolymerisNote: A' National = Super League, B' National = Football League, C' National = Football League 2 Nikos Pantelis Babis Tennes Nikos Anastopoulos Giorgos Foiros Babis Tennes Nikos Pantelis Babis Tennes Božidar Bandović Javi Gracia Timos Kavakas Apostolos Mantzios Giannis Papakostas Michalis Grigoriou Sakis Tsiolis Angelos Digozis Michalis Grigoriou Official website Kerkyra at UEFA
Kalamata Football Club is a professional football club based in Kalamata, Greece competing in Football League 2. Kalamata FC was formed in 1967 in a merger among other local sides; the team has competed in the Greek first division seven times, in 1972-73, 1974–75, from 1995-96 to 1997-98, from 1999-00 to 2000-01. Kalamata F. C. achieved its first two promotions to the first division, in 1972 and 1974, under President Lykourgos Gaitanaros. Its first two promotions in the early 1970s are considered the team's first golden era; the team could not stick in the top flight though, would not have a resurgence until the 1990s. Businessman Stavros Papadopoulos bought the team in 1992, while the club was stuck in Gamma Ethniki, the third division. Upon his arrival, Papadopoulos began pouring a substantial amount of money into the club, by 1995 the team had achieved promotion to the first division; the team dropped back to the second division for one season in 1997, but again achieved promotion to the first division the next year, remained in the top flight until Papadopoulos sold the team in 2000.
After Papadopoulos' departure Kalamata fell to the second division and has since stayed in the lower divisions. The Papadopoulos era of Kalamata F. C. saw the signing of many international players from Ghana, such as Samuel Johnson, Afo Dodoo, Ebenezer Hagan, Peter Ofori-Quaye and Derek Boateng. Johnson transferred from Kalamata to Anderlecht and played for Fenerbahçe, Hagan transferred to Iraklis and to PAOK, Ofori-Quaye was sold for a club record USD $3.5 million to Olympiacos, Derek Boateng left for Panathinaikos. Kalamata FC is credited with starting the trend among Greek clubs of signing African talent since the late 1990s; the Papadopoulos era saw the uncovering of a wealth of young Greek talent, including Greek international player Nikos Liberopoulos, who made his name at Kalamata before moving to Panathinaikos, from there to AEK and Eintracht Frankfurt. After being demoted to the second division in 1997, they started to bring in young Brazilian talent, as well as some veterans of the biggest teams in Brazil.
The Brazilians helped the team gain promotion to the first division right away in 1998. According to Brazilian media and insiders, Papadopoulos' son Daniil, a former high level amateur athlete in America, was instrumental in spotting some of the Brazilian talent and sending them to Kalamata FC. One of them, Hilton Assis, turned out to be the first cousin of Brazil and Barcelona FC super star Ronaldinho. Hilton was once a promising player in Brazil who starred for Internacional of Porto Alegre, but serious knee operations curtailed his career; when he was healthy he was Kalamata's top goal scorer, but he returned to the Brazilian first division after Papadopoulos sold the team. Kalamata's long-standing rivals are a poor and industrial suburb of Athens. Kalamata FC is claimed to have some of the most passionate and dedicated fans in all of Greece. Kalamata F. C.'s official colours are black and white, the team is known in Greece as the "Black Storm". Kalamata plays; the stadium was completed in 1976, has a seating capacity of 5,400.
Kalamata F. C.'s most famous. Kalamata's long-standing rivals are Paniliakos, located in Pyrgos in the western Peloponnese, Egaleo, in Athens suburb of Egaleo. Messiniakos is Kalamata's cross-town rival, but Messiniakos competed in lower leagues; as of 19 August 2018Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. For details on former players, see Category:Kalamata F. C. players Beta Ethniki ChampionshipWinners: 1971–72, 1973–74 Delta Ethniki Championship Winners: 2010–11 Bo Petersson Eduardo Fernandes Amorim Andreas Michalopoulos Nikos Lyberopoulos Soares Lee Bullen Derek Boateng Samuel Johnson Kostas Frantzeskos Peter Ofori-Quaye Triantafyllos Machairidis Dimitrios Konstantopoulos Kyriakos Stamatopoulos Carlos Marcora Tomás De Vincenti Baffour Gyan Ivan Tasić Stanimir Milošković Thanasis Sentementes Ebenezer Hagan Afo Dodoo Sandro Luiz Scapin Vaggelis Kaounos Panagiotis Drougas Panagiotis Bachramis Marcelinho Dimitris Markos Charles Sampson Christos Kalantzis PAE Kalamata - Official site Bulldogs Fan Club - Supporters' club site Onsports.gr Profile