Aurea of Ostia
Saint Aurea of Ostia is venerated as the patron saint of Ostia. According to one scholar, “lthough the acta of Saint Aurea are pious fiction, she was a genuine martyr with a early cultus at Ostia.”According to tradition, she was martyred sometime during the mid-third century, either during the reign of Roman Emperor Claudius Gothicus or Trebonianus Gallus. Said to have been of royal or noble blood, Aurea was exiled from Rome to Ostia because she was a Christian. In Ostia, she lived on an estate outside of the city walls and maintained contact with local Christians, including the bishop of Ostia, Cyriacus. Miracles associated with Aurea while she was in Ostia relate how a Christian prisoner named Censorinus had his chains miraculously loosened after he had been comforted by Aurea. Seventeen soldiers converted to Christianity as a result of this miracle, were beheaded near Ostia's Arch of Caracalla. Another legend states that Aurea and her friends brought back to life the dead son of a shoemaker.
Ulpius Romulus executed tortured Aurea. When she refused to sacrifice to the Roman gods, she was thrown into the sea with a stone tied around her neck. According to tradition, Aurea was buried on her estate in Ostia; the church of Santa Aurea grew around her tomb. The church was rebuilt in the 15th century. A fragment of a Christian inscription that refers to Aurea was rediscovered near Santa Aurea in 1981 and relocated to the castle of Ostia, it reads: CHRYSE HIC DORM. "It may be her original funerary inscription," one scholar states, "but it may have been added to the tomb." A marble column from the 5th century was discovered in 1950 near the same church. It reads S. AVR. ACTA MARTYRUM AD OSTIA TIBERINA
Mobile Suit Gundam: Iron-Blooded Orphans
Mobile Suit Gundam: Iron-Blooded Orphans known as Gundam IBO and G-Tekketsu and Tetsu oru, is a 2015 Japanese mecha anime series and the fourteenth installment in Sunrise's long-running Gundam franchise. It is directed by Tatsuyuki Nagai and written by Mari Okada, a team which collaborated on Toradora! and Anohana: The Flower We Saw That Day. It aired in Japan on MBS and other JNN stations from October 4, 2015 to March 27, 2016, making this the first Gundam series to return to a Sunday late afternoon time slot since Mobile Suit Gundam AGE. A second season premiered on October 2, 2016; the series follows the exploits of a group of juvenile soldiers who establish their own security company after rebelling against the adults who betrayed them on a futuristic, terraformed Mars. Iron-Blooded Orphans deals with several real-life problems such as war, child soldiers, politics and neo-colonialism; the catchphrase of the series is "The sustenance of life is on the battlefield." It is the year 323 "Post Disaster", set more than 300 years after a great war between Earth and Outer colonies known as the "Calamity War", Mars has been terraformed and colonized by humans.
However with the technological advancements, the humans on Mars crave freedom against the government of Earth and seek to improve their livelihoods. Furthermore, while most of Mars' nations have received autonomy, the planet is dependent on Earth for economic development with many living in impoverished conditions. Kudelia Aina Bernstein, a Martian Noblewoman, employs the civilian security company Chryse Guard Security to transport her to Earth to negotiate the independence of her nation, from Earth, but the Earth Military organization Gjallarhorn, attacks CGS in an attempt to halt the Martian independence movement. During the attack, Orga Itsuka, the leader of the Third Army Division within CGS, composed of children, decides to rebel against the adult higher-ups who had escaped and left the child and teen foot-soldiers to fight and die as disposable decoys; as all hope seems lost, a young orphan under Orga's command named Mikazuki Augus enters the battle, piloting a hastily repaired mobile suit: the legendary Gundam Barbatos.
After repelling Gjallarhorn's attack and the rest of the Third Army Division dispose of the adult higher-ups who betrayed them and take control of CGS, refounding it as the mercenary company "Tekkadan". In Tekkadan's first job, they accept to escort Kudelia to Earth for her to take part in the negotiations with the government of Arbrau, the superpower that rules over Chryse. However, Gjallarhorn's continuous attempts to stop their progress leads Tekkadan to join forces with Teiwaz, a business conglomerate that operates around Jupiter. Under Teiwaz's protection and being secretly assisted by McGillis Fareed, one of the top echelons of Gjallarhorn with his own agenda, Tekkadan takes Kudelia to Earth, safely escorts her to Arbrau's capital where she negotiates more economic freedom for Mars, while McGillis takes advantage of their success to overthrow his own adoptive father and bolster his position within Gjallarhorn; some years Tekkadan establishes itself as a prominent military company, while Kudelia establishes a mining company in Chryse, working to improve the inhabitants' conditions and McGillis moves forward with his agenda to reform Gjallarhorn.
However, one of Gjallarhorn's factions opposing him, the Arianrhod Fleet, led by Rustal Elion, starts working in the shadows to sabotage both McGillis and Tekkadan, leading both to join forces against them, with McGillis promising that once he manages to take full control of Gjallarhorn, he will transfer all authority over Mars to Tekkadan, making them the de facto rulers of the planet. However, their coup d'état fails, they are forced to flee to Mars, where McGillis is killed after a last, failed attempt to kill Rustal and Tekkadan is disbanded after Arianhod launches an attack to exterminate all members and make an example out of them, but only a few, including Mikazuki, sacrifice themselves to hold out the enemy long enough for their companions to escape safely. In the aftermath several years Gjallarhorn repeals its council system and starts a more democratic organization, with Rustal as its head. Kudelia becomes the chairwoman of the Mars Union while the surviving Tekkadan members follow their separate ways while remaining in touch, each looking to honor their friends who died to give them a new future.
The series was first teased by Sunrise through a new teaser site for the series, with a countdown to reveal the new main Mobile Suit on July 15, 2015. As it was only referred to as G-Tekketsu, the details for the new lead Gundam was shown day by day until the full reveal at Sunrise and Bandai's press conference. Following the official unveiling of the series, Sunrise plans for a new wave of merchandise for the series, including Gunpla kits and video game tie-ins. A second Promotional video was revealed, confirming the voice actors for the series's main cast; the series ran for 25 episodes. During the end credits of episode 25, a second season was confirmed. For episodes 24 and 25, the battle in Edmonton in the fictional state of Arbrau features backgrounds based on actual locations of the city in Alberta, Canada. Mobile Suit Gundam: Iron-Blooded Orphans premiered in Japan on MBS and TBS on October 4, 2015 Sunday at 5:00 PM, replacing The Heroic Legend of Arslan on its initial timeslot, it is the first Gundam series to return on the late afternoon schedule since Mobile Suit Gundam AGE.
Sunrise announced that the series will be streamed worldwide on YouTube via the Gun
In Greek mythology, Chryseis is a Trojan woman, the daughter of Chryses. Chryseis, her apparent name in the Iliad, means "Chryses' daughter"; the poet Tzetzes describes her to be "very thin, with milky skin. As the "golden one" she is the title-giving character of the Baroque alchemical epic Chryseidos Libri IIII. Astynome was sent by her father for protection, or, according to others, to attend the celebration of a festival of Artemis in Hypoplacian Thebe or in Lyrnessus where she was taken as prisoner by Achilles. According to some, she was the wife of Eetion, king of Lyrnessus, killed by the son of Peleus during his campaigns against the allies of Troy. In the first book of the Iliad, during the distribution of the booty brought by Achilles, she was given to Agamemnon by unanimous decision in view of his kingly office; as a war prize, Agamemnon who admitted that she was finer than his own wife Clytemnestra, enslaved Chryseis and refused to allow her father to ransom her though the priest of Apollo offered the Mycenaean king gifts of gold and silver.
Apollo sent a plague sweeping through the Greek armies and Agamemnon was forced to give Chryseis back in order to end it. He sent Odysseus to return the maiden to Chryses. Agamemnon compensated himself for this loss by taking Briseis from Achilles, an act that offended Achilles who refused to take further part in the Trojan War. After the attack on Rhesus and his Thracian armies, Chryses came to the Greeks to thank them for returning his daughter, Astynome; because of this kindness, because he knew that his daughter had been properly treated, he brought her back for Agamemnon to have. A Greek legend, preserved in Hyginus' Fabulae, states that she had a son named after her father by Agamemnon. In the city of Thebes in Asia Minor, Chryseis gave birth to Chryses and declared him to be a son of Apollo; this took place when she was allowed to return to her hometown. A few years when the children of Agamemnon and Iphigenia took refuge in the Island of Sminthos, now the home of Chryseis and her family, she proposed surrendering the fugitives to King Thoas.
Her son Chryses, helped them to kill the Taurian king. In medieval literature, Chryseis is developed into the character Cressida. I Modi, a work of art which depicts her
Chryses of Troy
In Greek mythology, Chryses was a Trojan priest of Apollo at Chryse, near the city of Troy. According to a tradition mentioned by Eustathius of Thessalonica and Briseus were brothers, sons of a man named Ardys. During the Trojan War, Agamemnon took Chryses' daughter Chryseis from Moesia as a war prize and when Chryses attempted to ransom her, refused to return her. Chryses prayed to Apollo, he, in order to defend the honor of his priest, sent a plague sweeping through the Greek armies, Agamemnon was forced to give Chryseis back in order to end it; the significance of Agamemnon's actions lies not in his kidnapping Chryseis, but in his refusal to release her upon her father's request. Chryses, with help from Orestes, was responsible for the death of Thoas, he killed Thoas after finding out that the son of Chryseis, called "younger Chryses", was the son of Agamemnon. After he killed Thoas, Chryses went to Mycenae. Bibliotheca, Hyginus, R. Scott Smith, Stephen M. Trzaskoma. Apollodorus' Library and Hyginus' Fabulae: two handbooks of Greek mythology.
Cambridge: Hackett, 2007
Chryse was a small island in the Aegean Sea mentioned by Homer and Pausanias. The island's main feature was said to be its temple to Apollo, its patron deity a goddess named Chryse; the Greek archer Philoctetes was fatally bitten by a viper. Lucullus captured three men there in an ambush during the Third Mithridatic War; the island seems to have disappeared by the 2nd century AD. An ancient oracle may have predicted this end; the Description of Greece says: The following incident proves the might of Fortune to be greater and more marvellous than is shown by the disasters and prosperity of cities. No long sail from Lemnos was once an island Chryse, where, it is said, Philoctetes met with his accident from the water-snake, but the waves utterly overwhelmed it, Chryse sank and disappeared in the depths... So temporary and utterly weak are the fortunes of men. An amateur underwater archaeologist claimed to have rediscovered the island in 1960, identifying it with "a sunken land mass known as Kharos Bank, a 10-sq.-mi.
Area near the island of Lemnos", listed on British naval charts and located about 40 feet below the surface. White building blocks were said to be visible on the sea floor; the Kharos Bank is mentioned by others as a possible site, but there does not appear to have been further work on it
Chryse Planitia is a smooth circular plain in the northern equatorial region of Mars close to the Tharsis region to the west, centered at 28.4°N 319.7°E / 28.4. Chryse Planitia lies in the Lunae Palus quadrangle in the Oxia Palus quadrangle in the Mare Acidalium quadrangle, it is 1600 km or 994 mi in diameter and with a floor 2.5 km below the average planetary surface altitude, is thought to be an ancient impact basin. The density of impact craters in the 100 to 2,000 metres range is close to half the average for lunar maria. Chryse Planitia shows evidence of water erosion in the past, is the bottom end for many outflow channels from the southern highlands as well as from Valles Marineris and the flanks of the Tharsis bulge, it is one of the lowest regions on Mars, so water would tend to flow into it. The elevation goes down from the Tharsis Ridge to Chryse. Kasei Valles, Maja Valles, Nanedi Valles appear to run from high areas to Chryse Planitia. On the other side of Chryse, to the east, the land gets higher.
Ares Vallis travels from this high region empties into Chryse. Much of Tiu Valles and Simud Valles move toward Chryse as well. Several ancient river valleys discovered in Chryse Planitia by the Viking Orbiters, as part of the Viking program, provided strong evidence for a great deal of running water on the surface of Mars, it has been theorized that the Chryse basin may have contained a large lake or an ocean during the Hesperian or early Amazonian periods since all of the large outflow channels entering it end at the same elevation, at which some surface features suggest an ancient shoreline may be present. Chryse basin opens into the North Polar Basin, so if an ocean was present Chryse would have been a large bay; the Viking 1 landed in Chryse Planitia, but its landing site was not near the outflow channels and no fluvial features were visible. The Mars Pathfinder landed in Ares Vallis, at the end of one of the outflow channels emptying into Chryse. Chryse Alien List of plains on Mars Geography of Mars Climate of Mars Google Mars scrollable map - centered on Chryse Planitia Martel, L.
M. V. Outflow Channels May Make a Case for a Bygone Ocean on Mars. Planetary Science Research Discoveries. Http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/June01/MarsChryse.html
The Chryse Alien refers to a Martian crater in the Chryse Planitia, with a perceived resemblance to an "alien head". The crater is in a 712x935 image taken by the, indexed as PIA07304; the picture was taken by the Mars Orbiter Camera on board the Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter. The image was labelled Chryse "Alien Head" by NASA when it was published on 26 January 2004; the image was part of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Photojournal, for 26 January 2005. This Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera image shows an impact crater in Chryse Planitia, not too far from the Viking 1 lander site, that to seems to resemble a bug-eyed head; the two odd depressions at the north end of the crater may have formed by water erosion. This region has been modified by both processes, with water action occurring in the distant past via floods that poured across western Chryse Planitia from Maja Valles, wind action common occurrence in more recent history; this crater is located near 22.5°N, 47.9°W. The 150 meter scale bar is about 164 yards long.
Sunlight illuminates the scene from the left/lower left The image came to prominence in 2018, when it was rediscovered and proposed as evidence for life on Mars. Https://images.nasa.gov/details-PIA07304.html