The Qube (Detroit)
The Qube known as the Chase Tower, the Bank One Center, the National Bank of Detroit Building, is a high-rise office building and Quicken Loans operations center in the U. S. designated Detroit Financial District at 611 Woodward Avenue, in Michigan. It was built in 1959 and stands at 14 floors in height and was remodeled in 2011, it was designed in the modern architectural style, uses a great deal of marble to coordinate with the buildings in the nearby Civic Center. It was designed by Albert Kahn Associates; the Qube stands on the site of the Hammond Building. The ground floor of this building is banking hall; the building was known as'Chase Tower' from 2006 to 2011 to reflect Chase Bank's buyout of Bank One. In March 2007, the Sterling Group purchased the tower from JP Morgan Chase. Occupancy was 50 percent at the time of sale; the building has had 3 official names now, for each of the 3 successive banks that have owned it: National Bank of Detroit, succeeded by Bank One, lastly Chase. The building has gone by several names in the past, most notably: Bank One Center, National Bank of Detroit Building, Bank One Building and Chase Tower.
In April 2011, Quicken Loans bought the building, renamed it the Qube and relocated 4,000 of the company's employees to the facility. The company plans to fill remaining space with retail. In August 2014, the Detroit bureau of Southfield-based ABC affiliate WXYZ-TV moved into the Qube after spending several decades across from the headquarters of the Detroit Police Department; the building is located on the block bordered by Woodward Avenue to the east, with the First National Building across Woodward. West Fort Street borders the building on the north, with Cadillac Square and 1001 Woodward across the street. Griswold Street borders the building to the west, with the Penobscot Block and Chrysler House across the street. West Congress Street borders the building to the south, with the Guardian Building across the street. Across Woodward Ave. from the Guardian Building lies Ally Detroit Center, the Buhl Building lies across Griswold Street, to the west. The building has a similar size to the 411 Building, owned by competitor Comerica.
Hill, Eric J. & John Gallagher. AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3. Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C. P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A. I. A.. Detroit Architecture A. I. A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1651-4. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list Sharoff, Robert. American City: Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3270-6. Qube under construction c. 1959 Google Maps location of the Qube The Qube at Emporis "The Qube". SkyscraperPage. National Bank Detroit historic postcard
The Wright–Kay Building known as the Schwankovsky Temple of Music, is one of the oldest buildings in downtown Detroit, Michigan. It is located at 1500 Woodward Avenue, at the corner of Woodward and John R. Street, in proximity to the Lower Woodward Avenue Historic District; the building was listed on the State of Michigan's Historical Register in 1980 as #P25241. The building, designed by Gordon W. Lloyd, was constructed for the F. J. Schwankovsky Company, a retailer of musical instruments, it was completed in 1891, sat on the growing fringe of Detroit's Woodward Avenue, between Grand Circus Park and Campus Martius Park. The Schwankovsky Company went out of business a couple of decades, its current use includes a clothing store on the first floor, a restaurant on the second floor and residential units above. The Wright–Kay is a Queen Anne style building with Romanesque accents, faced with brick and brownstone trimmings. A corner turret extends from the second to the fifth floor; the building was erected with a cast iron frame, was among the first ones in Detroit featuring an electrical elevator.
In 2013, the original wood windows in the building, many of which had an etched design containing the initials WK, were all thrown out and replaced with replacement aluminum windows by the owner, Bedrock Management, all without gaining the needed approval of the Detroit Historic District Commission. Hill, Eric J. & John Gallagher. AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3. Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C. P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A. I. A.. Detroit Architecture A. I. A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1651-4. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list Sharoff, Robert. American City: Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3270-6. Google Maps location of the Schwankovsky Building
Wilkes-Barre is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Luzerne County. It is one of the principal cities in the Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located at the center of the Wyoming Valley, it is second in size to the nearby city of Scranton; the Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 563,631 as of the 2010 Census, making it the fourth-largest metro/statistical area in the state of Pennsylvania. Wilkes-Barre and the surrounding Wyoming Valley are framed by the Pocono Mountains to the east, the Endless Mountains to the west, the Lehigh Valley to the south; the Susquehanna River flows through the center of the valley and defines the northwestern border of the city. Wilkes-Barre was founded in 1769 and formally incorporated in 1806; the city grew in the 19th century after the discovery of nearby coal reserves and the arrival of hundreds of thousands of immigrants who provided a labor force for the local mines.
The coal mining fueled industrialization in the city, which reached the height of its prosperity in the first half of the 20th century. Its population peaked at more than 86,000. Following World War II, the city's economy declined due to the collapse of industry; the Knox Mine disaster accelerated this trend after large portions of the area's coal mines were flooded and could not be reopened. Today the city has a population of 40,569, making it the largest city in Luzerne County and the 13th-largest city in Pennsylvania. By the 18th century, the Wyoming Valley was inhabited by the Delaware Indian tribes. In 1753, the Susquehanna Company was founded in Connecticut for settling the Wyoming Valley. Connecticut succeeded in purchasing the land from the Native Americans. In 1762 two hundred Connecticut settlers established a settlement near Mill Creek, they constructed log cabins. The Yankees returned to New England for the winter; the Connecticut settlers returned in the spring of 1763 with additional supplies.
A party of Iroquois visited the area with the dual purpose of turning the Delaware against the colonists and killing Teedyuscung, a local Delaware chief. On April 19, 1763, the residence of the chief, along with several others, was set ablaze. Chief Teedyuscung perished in the inferno; the Iroquois let. As a result, the Delaware attacked the colonists on October 15, 1763. Thirty settlers were killed, several others were taken prisoner; those who managed to escape fled back to New England. The Delaware burned what was left of the Yankee settlement. In 1769, the Yankees returned to the Wyoming Valley. Five townships were established by Connecticut; each one was divided amongst forty settlers. Wilkes-Barre Township was one of the original townships. Pennsylvanians arrived in the valley that same year; the Connecticut settlers established Fort Durkee, named in honor of their leader. This was followed by a series of skirmishes between the Pennsylvanians and Connecticut settlers; the land changed hands several times between the two groups.
The Congress of the Confederation was asked to resolve the matter. With the Decree of Trenton, on December 30, 1782, the confederation government decided that the region belonged to Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania ruled. Therefore, they were ordered to give up their property claims. In May 1784, armed men from Pennsylvania force-marched the Connecticut settlers away from the valley. By November, the Yankees returned with a greater force, they destroyed Fort Dickinson in Wilkes-Barre. With that victory, a new state was proposed; the new state was to be named Westmoreland. To ensure that they didn't lose the land, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania worked out a compromise with the Connecticut settlers; the Yankee settlers would become citizens of Pennsylvania and their property claims would be restored. As part of the compromise, Pennsylvania would establish a new county in Northeastern Pennsylvania; the Yankees agreed to the terms. On September 25, 1786, the Pennsylvania General Assembly passed a resolution which created Luzerne County.
It was formed from a section of Northumberland County and named after Chevalier de la Luzerne, a French soldier and diplomat during the 18th century. Wilkes-Barre became the seat of government for the new territory; this resolution ended the idea of creating a new state. In 1797, several decades after the community's founding, Louis Philippe the King of France from 1830 to 1840, stayed in Wilkes-Barre while traveling to the French Asylum settlement. Wilkes-Barre's population exploded due to the discovery of anthracite coal in the 19th century. In 1808, Judge Jesse Fell of Wilkes-Barre discovered a solution to ignite anthracite with the usage of an iron grate; this invention increased the popularity of anthracite as a fuel source. This led to the expansion of the coal industry in Northeastern Pennsylvania. Throughout the 1800s, canals and railroads were constructed to aid in the mining and transportat
FCA US LLC Headquarters and Technology Center
The FCA US LLC Headquarters and Technology Center is the North American headquarters and main research and development facility for the automobile manufacturer FCA US LLC. in the United States. It is located in the Metro Detroit suburb of Michigan. Completed in 1996, the complex has 5,300,000 square feet on 504 acres located near Interstate 75. CRSS Architects designed the FCA US LLC Headquarters and Technology Center in a cross-axial formation where its elongated atrium topped concourses converge with an octagonal radiant skylight at its center; the rounded-off exterior corners are meant to evoke a polished car body. It was reported on an NPR game-show that according to a Businessweek article, the Chrysler headquarters was designed so that it could be converted to a shopping mall, it was reported, based on mall industry analysis and speculation from local real estate investors, that the mall design story was a hoax. Chrysler has executive offices at the landmark Chrysler House in downtown Detroit.
The facility includes a full laboratory level with various wind tunnels, 1.8 miles evaluation road, noise/vibration facility, electromagnetic compatibility center, environmental test center, pilot production plant, wind tunnel with thermal testing capability. A 57,000 square feet training center was included from the start, with a teleconferencing center and fitness center; the basement hallways are large enough for two cars to pass each other, allowing some testing within the building. Construction began in 1986, the facility was complete upon its dedication on October 15, 1991, it reached full occupancy in 1993. Planning for the facility began in 1984. Chrysler replaced its outdated Highland Park campus, located at 12000 Chrysler Drive, it was off the Chrysler Freeway and Davison Freeway, with Brush Street one block away, predated the formation of Chrysler Corporation itself. The facility was used to improve product development efficiency, increase the ease of inter-departmental collaboration, create a more satisfying workplace.
It was 1 mile southeast from the Highland Park Ford Plant. Chris Theodore, John Miller, Dick Terrigian were charged with working on the design of the Technology Center and planning the move from the Highland Park facility. In 2012, Chris Theodore said they were instrumental in “putting one platform team over the other, aligning body engineering over body engineering, etc. Setting up a team-centered core where each platform team could have finance, manufacturing and engineering all working together as a team -and, of course, making all the laboratories useable.” SmithGroup designed the attached FCA US LLC Headquarters tower crowned with the pentastar marque. The Headquarters tower was constructed between 1993 and 1996; the Walter P. Chrysler Museum, now closed, was on the campus. Chrysler House Lee Iacocca List of largest buildings in the world Sergio Marchionne Walter P. Chrysler History of Chrysler FCA US LLC CTC history and facilities
Broadway Avenue Historic District (Detroit, Michigan)
The Broadway Avenue Historic District is a historic district located on a single city block along Broadway Avenue between Gratiot and East Grand River in downtown Detroit, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004; the Broadway Avenue Historic District joins the Randolph Street Commercial Buildings Historic District, a rare surviving commercial area which dates from the 1840s. The Broadway Avenue Historic District contains eleven commercial buildings built between 1896 and 1926. Three of those buildings — the Cary Building and the Breitmeyer-Tobin Building at the southern end, the Merchants Building at the north end — are listed on the National Register of Historic Places in their own right; the architectural terra cotta used on these structures unifies the appearance of the district. The district is significant for its architecture, its commercial history, its ethnic heritage, for its association with Philip Breitmeyer, mayor of Detroit from 1909 to 1911; the area where the district is located was developed in the late 1800s as a commercial area catering to the women's trade, included businesses such as hairdressers, corset makers, fashionable clothiers.
A number of these women's trade shops were owned by ethnic immigrants. During the 1910s, the area began transforming into a banking and financial center. In the adjoining Randolph Street Commercial Buildings Historic District, the building at 1244 Randolph St. is a rare survivor from the 1840s. The Breitmeyer-Tobin Building on Broadway Avenue, now called Harmonie Centre, opened to African-American tenants in 1936. In the 1950s, ethnic and immigrant-owned shops moved into the area, with some of them still in the districts to the present day; the east necklace of downtown links the stadium area to Greektown along Broadway. The east necklace contains a sub-district sometimes called the Harmonie Park District in the Broadway Avenue Historic District which has taken on the legacy of Detroit's music from the 1930s through the 1950s and into the present. Harvard Square Centre Harmonie Club Music of Detroit Broadway Avenue Historic District
Detroit is the largest and most populous city in the U. S. state of Michigan, the largest United States city on the United States–Canada border, the seat of Wayne County. The municipality of Detroit had a 2017 estimated population of 673,104, making it the 23rd-most populous city in the United States; the metropolitan area, known as Metro Detroit, is home to 4.3 million people, making it the second-largest in the Midwest after the Chicago metropolitan area. Regarded as a major cultural center, Detroit is known for its contributions to music and as a repository for art and design. Detroit is a major port located on the Detroit River, one of the four major straits that connect the Great Lakes system to the Saint Lawrence Seaway; the Detroit Metropolitan Airport is among the most important hubs in the United States. The City of Detroit anchors the second-largest regional economy in the Midwest, behind Chicago and ahead of Minneapolis–Saint Paul, the 13th-largest in the United States. Detroit and its neighboring Canadian city Windsor are connected through a tunnel and the Ambassador Bridge, the busiest international crossing in North America.
Detroit is best known as the center of the U. S. automobile industry, the "Big Three" auto manufacturers General Motors and Chrysler are all headquartered in Metro Detroit. In 1701, Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit, the future city of Detroit. During the 19th century, it became an important industrial hub at the center of the Great Lakes region. With expansion of the auto industry in the early 20th century, the city and its suburbs experienced rapid growth, by the 1940s, the city had become the fourth-largest in the country. However, due to industrial restructuring, the loss of jobs in the auto industry, rapid suburbanization, Detroit lost considerable population from the late 20th century to the present. Since reaching a peak of 1.85 million at the 1950 census, Detroit's population has declined by more than 60 percent. In 2013, Detroit became the largest U. S. city to file for bankruptcy, which it exited in December 2014, when the city government regained control of Detroit's finances.
Detroit's diverse culture has had both local and international influence in music, with the city giving rise to the genres of Motown and techno, playing an important role in the development of jazz, hip-hop and punk music. The erstwhile rapid growth of Detroit left a globally unique stock of architectural monuments and historic places, since the 2000s conservation efforts managed to save many architectural pieces and allowed several large-scale revitalizations, including the restoration of several historic theatres and entertainment venues, high-rise renovations, new sports stadiums, a riverfront revitalization project. More the population of Downtown Detroit, Midtown Detroit, various other neighborhoods has increased. An popular tourist destination, Detroit receives 19 million visitors per year. In 2015, Detroit was named a "City of Design" by UNESCO, the first U. S. city to receive that designation. Paleo-Indian people inhabited areas near Detroit as early as 11,000 years ago including the culture referred to as the Mound-builders.
In the 17th century, the region was inhabited by Huron, Odawa and Iroquois peoples. The first Europeans did not penetrate into the region and reach the straits of Detroit until French missionaries and traders worked their way around the League of the Iroquois, with whom they were at war, other Iroquoian tribes in the 1630s; the north side of Lake Erie was held by the Huron and Neutral peoples until the 1650s, when the Iroquois pushed both and the Erie people away from the lake and its beaver-rich feeder streams in the Beaver Wars of 1649–1655. By the 1670s, the war-weakened Iroquois laid claim to as far south as the Ohio River valley in northern Kentucky as hunting grounds, had absorbed many other Iroquoian peoples after defeating them in war. For the next hundred years no British, colonist, or French action was contemplated without consultation with, or consideration of the Iroquois' response; when the French and Indian War evicted the Kingdom of France from Canada, it removed one barrier to British colonists migrating west.
British negotiations with the Iroquois would both prove critical and lead to a Crown policy limiting the west of the Alleghenies settlements below the Great Lakes, which gave many American would-be migrants a casus belli for supporting the American Revolution. The 1778 raids and resultant 1779 decisive Sullivan Expedition reopened the Ohio Country to westward emigration, which began immediately, by 1800 white settlers were pouring westwards; the city was named by French colonists, referring to the Detroit River, linking Lake Huron and Lake Erie. On July 24, 1701, the French explorer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, along with more than a hundred other settlers began constructing a small fort on the north bank of the Detroit River. Cadillac would name the settlement Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit, after Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Pontchartrain, Minister of Marine under Louis XIV. France offered free land to colonists to attract families to Detroit. By 1773, the population of Detroit was 1,400. By 1778, its population was up to 2,144 and it was the third-largest city in the Province of Quebec.
The region's economy was based on the lucrative fur trade, in which nume
The Lincoln Highway was one of the earliest transcontinental highways for automobiles across the United States of America. Conceived in 1912 by Indiana entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher, formally dedicated October 31, 1913, the Lincoln Highway ran coast-to-coast from Times Square in New York City west to Lincoln Park in San Francisco through 13 states: New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah and California. In 1915, the "Colorado Loop" was removed, in 1928, a realignment relocated the Lincoln Highway through the northern tip of West Virginia. Thus, there are a total of 14 states, 128 counties, more than 700 cities and villages through which the highway passed at some time in its history; the first recorded length of the entire Lincoln Highway in 1913 was 3,389 miles. Over the years, the road was improved and numerous realignments were made, by 1924 the highway had been shortened to 3,142 miles. Counting the original route and all of the subsequent realignments, there have been a grand total of 5,872 miles.
The Lincoln Highway was replaced with numbered designations after the establishment of the U. S. Numbered Highway System in 1926, with most of the route becoming part of U. S. Route 30 from Pennsylvania to Wyoming. After the Interstate Highway System was formed in the 1950s, the former alignments of the Lincoln Highway were superseded by Interstate 80 as the primary coast-to-coast route from the New York City area to San Francisco. Note: A interactive online map of the entire Lincoln Highway and all of its re-alignments, markers and points of interest can be viewed at the Lincoln Highway Association Official Map website. Google Maps prominently labels the 1928–30 route. Most of U. S. Route 30 from Philadelphia to western Wyoming, portions of Interstate 80 in the western United States, most of U. S. Route 50 in Nevada and California, most of old decommissioned U. S. Route 40 in California are alignments of the Lincoln Highway; the final alignment of the Lincoln Highway corresponds to the following roads: 42nd Street from the intersection of Broadway at Times Square in New York City westward 6 blocks to the Hudson River.
Holland Tunnel from New York City westward under the Hudson River to New Jersey. U. S. Route 1/9 Truck from Jersey City westward to New Jersey. New Jersey Route 27 from Newark southwestward to New Jersey. U. S. Route 206 from Princeton southwestward to New Jersey. U. S. Route 1 from Trenton southwestward to Pennsylvania. U. S. Route 30 from Philadelphia westward across Pennsylvania, the northern tip of West Virginia, westward across Ohio and Indiana, to Aurora, Illinois. Illinois Route 31 from Aurora northwestward to Illinois. Illinois Route 38 from Geneva westward to Illinois. Illinois Route 2 from Dixon westward to Illinois. U. S. Route 30 from Sterling westward across western Illinois, Iowa and Wyoming, to Granger, Wyoming. Interstate 80 from Granger westward to West Wendover, Nevada. U. S. Route 93 Alternate and U. S. Route 93 from West Wendover southward to Nevada. U. S. Route 50 from Ely to 9 miles west of Fallon, Nevada. From 9 miles west of Fallon to Sacramento, there are two Lincoln Highway routes over the Sierra Nevada: Sierra Nevada Northern Route: U.
S. Route 50 Alternate northwestward to Wadsworth, Nevada Interstate 80 & old U. S. Route 40 westward, through Reno and over Donner Pass and the Sierra Nevada to Sacramento. Sierra Nevada Southern Route: U. S. Route 50 westward, through Carson City, Nevada around Lake Tahoe and over Johnson Pass and the Sierra Nevada to Sacramento. Old U. S. Route 40 from Sacramento southwestward across California's Central Valley to the University Avenue exit in Berkeley, California. University Avenue from Interstate 80 westward to the Berkeley Pier. From the Hyde Street Pier in San Francisco, take: Hyde Street southward 2 blocks to North Point Street. North Point Street westward 3 blocks to Van Ness Avenue. Va