Chrysomela populi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chrysomela populi
Chrysomelidae - Chrysomela populi.JPG
Chrysomela populi. Dorsal view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Chrysomelidae
Subfamily: Chrysomelinae
Genus: Chrysomela
Species: C. populi
Binomial name
Chrysomela populi
Synonyms
  • Melasoma populi (Stephens, 1834)

Chrysomela populi is a species of broad-shouldered leaf beetles belonging to the family Chrysomelidae, subfamily Chrysomelinae.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Chrysomela populi populi Linnaeus, 1758 [1]
  • Chrysomela populi asiatica Jakob, 1952
  • Chrysomela populi nigricollis Jakob, 1952
  • Chrysomela populi kitaica Jakob, 1952
  • Chrysomela populi violaceicollis Bechyne, 1954

Distribution[edit]

This species is one of the most widespread and frequent species of leaf beetles from the subfamily Chrysomelinae. These beetles can be found in most of Europe (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland),[2] in the Palearctic ecozone and in the Oriental ecozone (Caucasus, Pakistan, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, Far East of Russia, China and Japan). [3][4]

Side view. Notice the small black spot on the hindside

Habitat[edit]

These beetles mainly inhabit coniferous, mixed and broad-leaved forests, forest fringes and dry meadows with poplars and willow trees. [3][5]

Description[edit]

Larva description[edit]

The larvae of the species is white or light gray coloured with black dots.[6]

Adult description[edit]

Chrysomela populi can reach a length of about 9–13 mm. [3][5] The female is slightly larger than the male. These beetles show a black, dark blue or dark green body, that is round and ladybird-like. Head and pronotum are black, while elytra is bright red, with a black stain at the base.[5] Some beetles come as orange coloured. [3][7]

It can be distinguished from Chrysolina grossa by its shorter antennae and less estensive pronotum. It is also rather similar to Chrysomela saliceti and Chrysomela tremulae.

Biology[edit]

Adults can be found from April to October.[5] Females lay eggs in Spring, in small, irregular clusters of up to 20-30 eggs. This species has 2 to 3 generations per year. Larvae of the last generation overinter in the litter under the leaves. Both the larvae and the beetles live and feed on young leaves of various plants of the Salicaceae species, especially Populus and willow species. [4][3][5][8] Adults may emit a red, highly-smelling, repellent liquid, obtained from the salicylic acid contained in their food plants.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biolib
  2. ^ Fauna europaea
  3. ^ a b c d e Bukejs, Andris. On Latvian Chrysomelinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): 2. Genus Chrysomela Linnaeus, 1758
  4. ^ a b Urban, J. Occurrence, bionomics and harmfulness of Chrysomela populi L. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae Jornal of Forest Science. — 2006. — Vol. 52, no. 6
  5. ^ a b c d e UK Safari
  6. ^ Larvae description
  7. ^ Orange colour
  8. ^ Sylvie La Spina, Jean-Claude Gregoire, Patrick Mertens & CharlesDe-Canniere - Impact of poplar water status on leaf-beetle (Chrysomela populi) survival and feeding - Ann. For. Sci.. — 2010. — Vol. 67. — P. 209. DOI:10.1051/forest/2009102