Chubb Rock is a New York-based rapper who released several commercially successful hip hop albums in the early 1990s. A former National Merit Scholar, Chubb Rock was a pre-med student who dropped out of Brown University to pursue his musical career. Discovered and produced by his first cousin DJ / Producer Howie Tee, Chubb Rock first appeared on the national scene with his 1988 self-titled debut "Chubb Rock" and 1989's "And the winner is..." The latter produced the minor hit "Ya Bad Chubbs" which garnered air play on Yo! MTV Raps during that time, his 1990 release entitled The One, reached No. 13 on Billboard's "Top Hip-Hop/R&B" chart for that year. Three singles from that release, "Treat'em Right", "Just The Two of Us" and "The Chubbster", made it to No. 1 on Billboard's "Top Rap Single" chart list for the same year. The following year saw the release of I Gotta Get Mine, Yo, a release that featured guest performances from Grand Puba Maxwell and Poke; this release helped fledgling music producers Trackmasters, on its rise to prominence, as the group handled production duties on the recording.
Chubb Rock made an appearance on MC Serch's 1992 song "Back to the Grill." Chubb Rock was a member of the 1995 incarnation of the Crooklyn Dodgers, a hip hop act that featured OC and Jeru the Damaja. His backup dancers started another group, A. T. E. E. M, which released its debut, A Hero Ain't Nothin' But A Sandwich, in 1992 on Select Records. In 1996, he appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album America is Dying Slowly, alongside Wu-Tang Clan and Fat Joe, among others; the album, meant to raise awareness of the AIDS epidemic among African American men, was heralded as a masterpiece by The Source magazine. Chubb Rock's work in the 2000s has been limited to only a few songs, he appears on a song for Raptivism Records' "No More Prisons" project with Lil' Dap of Group Home and Ed O. G. and worked with Mr. Len on the song "Dummy Smacks", where he says, "Some people thought I was gone... never that!" He made an appearance alongside Vast Aire on the 2007 Zimbabwe Legit album House of Stone with the song "Wake Up".
In 2001 he appeared in the soundtrack for Wet Hot American Summer on the song Summer in America. In 2008, his single "Treat em right" was ranked number 82 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of Hip Hop. Chubb Rock released Obama We Believe in support of President Barack Obama, his most recent appearance was on the K'naan single "ABC's". He collaborated with Polish rapper eMCeeM on a track for his album To dopiero poczatek. In February 2009, Chubb Rock can be heard on his new single "Back In" featuring Wordsmith and Kimia Collins, his latest album "Bridging The Gap", a collaboration with Wordsmith, was released on 14 July 2009. Chubb Rock is featured in the new single "Summertime Anthem" by Eric Roberson in which they filmed the video on the streets of Bed-Stuy, New York City where he credited his wife and manager, KeKe Simpson, for putting the duo together. Chubb Rock released a new EP in September 2011. In 2011, Chubb Rock appeared with his wife and childhood sweetheart of 24 years, KeKe "Diamond" Simpson on the NBC game show The Marriage Ref.
Official website Chubb Rock at AllMusic Discogs: Chubb Rock
The Pingualuit Crater called the Chubb Crater and the New Quebec Crater, is a young impact crater, by geological standards, located on the Ungava Peninsula, in the administrative region of Nord-du-Québec, in Quebec, Canada. It is 3.44 km in diameter, is estimated to be 1.4 ± 0.1 million years old. The crater and the surrounding area are now part of Pingualuit National Park; the only species of fish in the crater lake is the arctic char. The crater is 400 m deep; the 267 m deep Pingualuk Lake fills the hollow, is one of the deepest lakes in North America. The lake holds some of the purest fresh water in the world, with a salinity level of less than 3 ppm; the lake has no inlets or apparent outlets, so the water accumulates from rain and snow and is lost only through evaporation. It is one of the most transparent lakes in the world, with a Secchi disk visible more than 35 m deep; the crater was formed by a meteorite impact 1.4 Ma, as estimated by 40Ar/39Ar dating of impact melt rocks. An analysis of these rocks revealed planar deformation features as well as the composition of the meteorite itself.
The Ir, Ni, Co and Cr enrichments found in impact melt samples suggest that the meteorite was chondritic in nature. Unknown to the outside world, the lake-filled crater had long been known to local Inuit who knew it as the "Crystal Eye of Nunavik" for its clear water. World War II pilots used the perfectly circular landmark as a navigational tool. On June 20, 1943, a United States Army Air Force plane on a meteorological flight over the Ungava region of Quebec Province took a photograph that showed the wide crater rim rising up above the landscape. In 1948 the Royal Canadian Air Force covered the same remote area as part of its program of photomapping Canada, however these photographs were not made publicly available until 1950. In 1950 Ontario diamond prospector Frederick W. Chubb became interested by the strange terrain shown in the photographs and sought the opinion of geologist V. Ben Meen of the Royal Ontario Museum. Chubb hoped that the crater was that of an extinct volcano, in which case the area might contain diamond deposits similar to those of South Africa.
However, Meen's knowledge of Canadian geology tentatively ruled out a volcanic origin. Meen subsequently made a brief trip by air to the crater with Chubb in 1950. Following his return, Meen organized a proper expedition with the cooperation of the National Geographic Society and the Royal Ontario Museum, they travelled to the site in a PBY Catalina flying boat in July 1951, landing on nearby Museum Lake. Attempts to find fragments of nickel-iron from the meteorite using mine detectors lent by the US Army were unsuccessful due to the area's granite containing high levels of magnetite. A magnetometer survey did find a magnetic anomaly under the crater's northern rim, indicating that a large mass of metal-bearing material was buried below the surface. Meen led a second expedition to the crater in 1954; that same year its name was changed to "Cratère du Nouveau-Quebec" at the request of the Quebec Geographic Board. An expedition led by James Boulger in 1986 collected a small sample from area surrounding the New Quebec crater.
Petrographic analysis of this sample was conducted at the Havard – Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and reported to 51st Meteoritical Society in 1988 by Ursula Marvin and David Kring. Boulger returned to the area that summer, along with a research party led by M. A. Bouchard of the University of Montreal. Three years Canadian geologist Richard A. F. Grieve listed New Quebec among the 130 known terrestrial impact craters; the next year Marvin and Kring documented the petrographic analysis of two impact melt samples collected within the crater rim. They presented evidence of shock metamorphism, consistent with similar impact crater sites. In 1999, the name was again changed, to "Pingualuit"; the crater and the surrounding area are now part of Pingualuit National Park created on January 1, 2004. Professor Reinhard Pienitz of Laval University led a 2007 expedition to the crater which extracted sediment cores from the bottom of the lake which were filled with fossil pollen and insect larvae, it was hoped that these finds would yield information about climate change dating back to the last interglacial period 120,000 years ago.
Preliminary results show that the upper 8.5 m sediment core contains records of two interglacial periods. Quebec crater is out of this world by Ingrid Peritz, The Globe and Mail, May 25, 2007. Nunavik tourism site Pingualuit National Park Pingualuit National Park Earth Impact Database, New Quebec details Aerial Exploration of the Pingualuit Structure
For European chubs other than this particular species, see Squalius. Squalius cephalus is a European species of freshwater fish in the carp family Cyprinidae, it frequents both slow and moderate rivers, as well as canals and still waters of various kinds. This species is referred to as the common chub, European chub, or chub, it is a stocky fish with a large rounded head. Its body is long and cylindrical in shape and is covered large greenish-brown scales which are edged with narrow bands of black across the back paling to golden on the flanks and plare on the belly; the tail is dark brown or black and the dorsal fin is a greyish-green in colour and all the other fins being are orange-red. The dorsal fin has 7-9 soft rays while the anal fin has 3 spines and 7-10 rays; the vertebrae count is 42-48. It can grow to 60 cm standard length but most fish are around 30 cm; the chub is distributed throughout most of northern Eurasia, it can be found in the rivers flowing into the North, northern Black, White and Caspian Sea basins, the Atlantic basins south to Adour drainage in France and in Great Britain north to 56 °C, in Scandinavia in southern Finland and southern Sweden north to around Stockholm.
In the Mediterranean basin it is found in France from the Var to the Hérault, may be present in the Aude, drainages. It has been introduced to both countries, it is most abundant in small rivers and large streams in the "barbel zone" where there are riffles and pools. It occurs along the banks of slow-flowing lowland rivers in large lake and in mountain streams. Chub in lakes undertake spawning migrations into inflowing streams; the adult fish are solitary but the juvenile fish are sociable and occur in shoals. The larvae and juveniles prefer rather shallow habitats along shorelines and these smaller fish have a varied diet of aquatic and terrestrial animals while the large, solitary adults prey on freshwater shrimp and small fishes. In the United Kingdom, chub have been recorded feeding on worms, molluscs and various insect larvae while large chub eat considerable numbers of small fish, such as chub, common dace, common roach and minnows as well as frogs, crayfish and young water birds, they have been observed eating berries such as blackberries and elderberry from trees overhanging the water.
They feed throughout the year if there are opportunities in the coldest days of midwinter. Spawning happens when the water temperature reaches 14 °C, lasts from May to September, they spawn in fast-flowing water above gravel substrates but only infrequently will they spawn among submerged vegetation. The females spawn more than once during a season and each female will mate with several males; the males aggregate at spawning sites and will follow the ripe females with much splashing, to shallow riffles. Females lay pale yellow sticky eggs which adhere to the gravel and stones in flowing water. Sexual maturity in chub is influenced by environmental factors with males reaching sexual maturity at the age of 2–4 years while females reach it at 4-6 although some individuals may mature much than this; the fish can live for up to 22 years in the wild, where the age of fish can be assessed through by the number of rings that are visible in scales, these represent seasonal growth patterns. Recent work has shown that chub ingest microplastic particles, where as many as 25% of sampled fish contained particles, these particles were not found in muscles though.
May of the particles found were fibres, that are released from clothes during washing, these are ingested my macroinvertebrates such as Daphnia. Chub can be contaminated by metal pollution such as copper and sodium which can accumulate in tissues like the muscle and liver. Young of the year fish contained high levels of metal contaminants, they are popular with anglers due to their readiness to feed, thus to be caught, in any conditions. Small chub are biting fish which inexperienced anglers find easy to catch; as they become larger, chub become more wary and are spooked by noise or visual disturbance. Large chub are keenly sought by anglers who prefer to target specific fish; the British angling record for chub was broken in May 2007 when Steve White caught a 4.2-kg fish from a southern stillwater on a mainline boilie. The chub can reach a maximum length of 60–80 cm. Smaller chub are not too difficult to catch and on small or medium-sized rivers, a stick-float fishing approach can be adopted or a swim-feeder and using any bait including maggots, luncheon meat and small lures and flies.
Chub eat marine derived fishmeal-based pellets and diets of wild chub diets contain 44% of these pellets. Catching the larger specimens however requires a patient and stealthy approach as most larger chub are caught on the smaller, clearer rivers and as a result, the angler must make their presence as subtle as possible and yet again, not a lot of tackle is required and most anglers may set their tackle up before they get their favored spot as there is less noise from tackle being set up that may disturb the fish. A classic chub spot is just hanging off branches/bushes brushing through the water as chub are quite sensitive to sunlight and most anglers may fish at sunrise or sunset when the chub leave their entangled home. An angler should look for where the current is being pushed out, causing a re-circulation pattern behind what is pushing the current outwards and this is where lots of food will wash around and where there will be feeding fish. Like with the smaller chub, a range of bait
Chubb Fire & Security is a British, American owned fire and security business. It is owned by American company United Technologies Corporation; the company was founded by Charles and Jeremiah Chubb, who patented their Chubb detector lock in 1818. The company won a government competition for a lock which could not be opened other than by its own key. In 1835, the company produced its first Chubb safe at its factory in Wolverhampton and, in the second half of the 19th century, the company expanded into the United States, produced a time lock, fitted to bank vaults across the country. In the 1800s, Chubb gained some important customers such as the Duke of Wellington and the Bank of England. Over the next one hundred years, the company turned out more than 2.5m locks. After World War II, Chubb expanded its operations in 17 countries. From being a single company manufacturing specialized security products it turned into a broad based group of companies covering not only many aspects of security but fire protection as well.
The company went on to acquire a number of rival firms including Chatwood-Milner Ltd. Burgot Alarms Ltd and Rely-a-Bell and Campbell Limited, Josiah Parkes and Sons Ltd. and The Pyrene Company Limited. It was bought by Racal Electronics in August 1984, from which it was demerged in September 1992, before being acquired by Williams Holdings in February 1997. as the latter company sought to build a security focused conglomerate. Chubb was again demerged in July 2000. In August 2000, Chubb sold Chubb Locks, its lock and safe making unit, to Assa Abloy, concentrated on security systems such as door access and CCTV systems. In May 2002, Chubb held intensive acquisitions talks with Sweden-based Securitas AB, the world's biggest security services business. After 18 months of negotiations, the talks were called off on the grounds that the deal would not be "financially attractive" to either company's shareholders. In April 2003, Chubb was acquired for £622m by United Technologies Corporation. In March 2007, UTC bought Initial Fire and Security, the security arm of Rentokil Initial and proceeded to merge the business and its assets with Chubb in UTC Climate, Controls & Security.
In December 2013, Chubb's Australian cash in transit business was sold to Prosegur. Chubb subsidiaries around the world now form an important part of the UTC Climate, Controls & Security Division. A reference to a different company, Chubb Locks, is made by fictional characters in the British television series Only Fools and Horses "Homesick." Derek Edward Trotter, while departing from his home in Peckham, comments to his Brother "... I don't know what time I'm gonna be back, but don't put the Chubb on alright?" Chubb Fire Chubb Locks Read and Campbell Limited Minimax Limited Rampart Engineering The Pyrene Company Limited Official site UTC Climate, Controls & Security site Official Website of Chubb Australia Official Website of Chubb Hong Kong Official Website of Chubbsafes Taiwan
Chubb Locks is a brand name of the Mul-T-Lock subsidiary of the Assa Abloy Group, which manufactures high security locking systems for residential, secure confinement and commercial applications. Chubb was started as a ship's ironmonger by Charles Chubb in Winchester and moved to Portsmouth, England in 1804. Chubb moved the company in Wolverhampton; the company worked out of a number of premises in Wolverhampton, including the purpose built factory on Railway Street, now still known as the Chubb Building. His brother Jeremiah Chubb joined the company, they sold Jeremiah's patented detector lock. In 1823, the company was awarded a special licence by George IV, became the sole supplier of locks to the General Post Office, a supplier to Her Majesty's Prison Service. In 1835, they received a patent for a burglar resisting safe, opened a safe factory in London in 1837. In 1851, they designed a special secure display case for the Koh-i-Noor diamond for its appearance at The Great Exhibition. In August 1984, the company was purchased by Racal under the chairmanship of Sir Ernest Harrison OBE.
After the group was floated out from Racal, in February 1997 it was bought by Williams plc. In August 2000, they were sold to Assa Abloy. In 2006, Chubb was merged into the group Mul-T-Lock within Assa Abloy; the Chubb Electronic Security subsidiaries produce smoke detectors, fire alarms, burglar alarms and glass break detectors. Sherlock Holmes says in the Arthur Conan Doyle short story "A Scandal in Bohemia" that Irene Adler has a Chubb lock on her London villa's door. Chubb Security Baron Hayter Glass break detector Yale Business Technology Association Westminster Group Security lighting Fire alarms Burglar alarms Official website Archive images from the Express & Star