Penang High Court
The Penang High Court, founded in 1808, is the birthplace of Malaysia's judiciary system. It is housed inside a Palladian-style building at George Town, Penang. To this day, the High Court sits at the top of Penang's hierarchy of courts; the current courthouse was built in the 1900s to replace the original structure, built at the same site in 1809. The Penang High Court known as the Supreme Court, had been established in 1808 within Fort Cornwallis nearby, the first such court to be set up in the Malay Peninsula, its establishment marked the introduction of a modern legal system in Malaya, which would evolve to become the current judiciary of Malaysia. The Penang High Court has a long pioneering history in Malaysian judiciary, it was here where the first female judge was admitted into the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States Bars in the 1920s. Malaysia's first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman, was admitted into the Bar in 1974 within the compound of the Penang High Court; the courthouse was renovated in the 2000s.
Across Light Street, another courthouse housing the Magistrates and Sessions Courts was completed. As Penang Island named the Prince of Wales Island, flourished into a strategic entrepôt with a growing immigrant population, Captain Francis Light sought the advice of the Governor-General in India on establishing a judicial authority within the new settlement. In 1807, a Royal Charter of Justice was granted by King George III for the British East India Company authorities in Penang to establish a police force and a Court of Justice; the Supreme Court of Penang was opened at Fort Cornwallis, George Town on 31 May 1808. Sir Edmond Stanley became the first Recorder of the Supreme Court of Penang, therefore, of all of Malaya; this event marked the birth of Malaysia's judiciary and legal profession. Sir Stamford Raffles, who founded Singapore served as the first registrar of the Supreme Court; when the Straits Settlements was formed in 1826 by amalgamating Penang and Malacca, the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of Penang was extended to Singapore and Malacca as well.
It was only in 1855 when the judicial centre of the Straits Settlements was moved to Singapore. In 1809, the Supreme Court of Penang was shifted a short distance away to its current grounds at Light Street; the original court building was of wooden construction, topped by an attap roof. The present Palladian-style courthouse, designed by John Henry McCallum, the Surveyor-General of the Straits Settlements, was inaugurated in 1903, its construction cost $206,678. The Palladian architecture is obvious from columns. There were statues and emblems on the building as well, although these have since been removed; until the end of the 20th century, the Penang High Court was the scene of some of Malaysia's firsts in the legal field. The first pair of Malayan-born siblings to be called into the Bar were Mr. Lim Khye Seng and Mrs. B. H. Oon, both of whom practised law in the Penang High Court. Mrs. Oon became the first female Asian lawyer to be admitted into the English Bar in 1926, as well as the first female into the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States Bars in the following year.
In 1974, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the first Malaysian Prime Minister until 1970, was called into the Bar at the Penang High Court. Among the other famous lawyers who had once served at the Penang High Court are Karpal Singh and Cecil Rajendra; the courthouse was renovated in 2005 and a new 3-storey wing was added to the east. Additional courthouses were built across Light Street. Kuala Lumpur Courts Complex Judiciary of Malaysia
Dedication is the act of consecrating an altar, church, or other sacred building. It refers to the inscription of books or other artifacts when these are addressed or presented to a particular person; this practice, which once was used to gain the patronage and support of the person so addressed, is now only a mark of affection or regard. In law, the word is used of the setting apart by a private owner of a road to public use; the Feast of Dedication, today Hanukkah, once called "Feast of the Maccabees," was a Jewish festival observed for eight days from the 25th of Kislev. It was instituted in the year 165 B. C. by Judas Maccabeus, his brothers, the elders of the congregation of Israel in commemoration of the reconsecration of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, of the altar of burnt offerings, after they had been desecrated during the persecution under Antiochus Epiphanes. The significant happenings of the festival were the illumination of houses and synagogues, a custom taken over from the Feast of Tabernacles, the recitation of Psalm 30:1-12.
J. Wellhausen suggests that the feast was connected with the winter solstice, only afterwards with the events narrated in Maccabees; the Feast of Dedication is mentioned in John 10:22 where it mentions Jesus being at the Jerusalem Temple during "the Feast of Dedication" and further notes "and it was winter." The Greek term used in John is "the renewals". Josephus refers to the festival in Greek as "lights." Churches under the authority of a bishop are dedicated by the bishop in a ceremony that used to be called that of consecration, but is now called that of dedication. For the Catholic Church, the rite of dedication is described in the Caeremoniale Episcoporum, chapters IX-X, in the Roman Missal's Ritual Masses for the Dedication of a Church and an Altar. In the Church of England, a consecrated church may only be closed for worship after a legal process; the custom of solemnly dedicating or consecrating buildings as churches or chapels set apart for Christian worship must be as old as Christianity itself.
When we come to the earlier part of the 4th century allusions to and descriptions of the consecration of churches become plentiful. This service is of Jewish origin; the hallowing of the tabernacle and of its furniture and ornaments. All these point to the probability of the Christians deriving their custom from a Jewish origin. Eusebius of Caesarea speaks of the dedication of churches rebuilt after the Diocletian persecution, including the church at Tyre in 314 AD; the consecrations of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem in 335, built by Constantine I, of other churches after his time, are described both by Eusebius and by other ecclesiastical historians. From them we gather that every consecration was accompanied by a celebration of the Holy Eucharist and a sermon, special prayers of a dedicatory character, but there is no trace of the elaborate ritual of the medieval pontificals dating from the 8th century onwards; the separate consecration of altars is provided for by Canon 14 of the Council of Agde in 506, by Canon 26 of the Council of Epaone in 517, the latter containing the first known reference to the usage of anointing the altar with chrism.
The use of both holy water and of unction is attributed to St. Columbanus, who died in 615. There was an annual commemoration of the original dedication of the church, a feast with its octave extending over eight days, during which Gregory the Great encouraged the erection of booths and general feasting on the part of the populace, to compensate them for, in some way to take the place of, abolished pagan festivities. At an early date the right to consecrate churches was reserved to bishops, as by a canon of the First Council of Bracara in 563, by the 23rd of the Irish collections of canons, once attributed to St Patrick, but hardly to be put earlier than the 8th century; the manuscripts and printed service-books of the medieval church contain a lengthy and elaborate service for the consecration of churches in the pontifical. The earliest known pontifical is that of Egbert, Archbishop of York, however, only survives in a 10th-century manuscript copy. Pontificals are numerous and somewhat varied.
A good idea of the general character of the service can be obtained from a skeleton of it as performed in England after the Reformation according to the use of Sarum. The service is taken from an early 15th-century pontifical in the Cambridge University Library as printed by W. Makell in Monumenta ritualia ecclesiae Anglicanae. There is a preliminary office for laying a foundation-stone. On the day of consecration the bishop is to vest in a tent outside the church proceed to the door of the church on the outside, a single deacon being inside the church. There he blesses holy water, twelve lighted candles being placed outside, twelve inside the church, he sprinkles the walls all round outside and knocks at the door. He sprinkles the walls all round outside a second time a third time, knocking at the door each time, he may enter, all laity being excluded. The bishop fixes a cross in the centre of the church, after which the litany is said, including a special clause for the consecration of the church and altar.
Next the bishop inscribes the alp
Istana Bukit Serene
Istana Bukit Serene is the royal palace and official residence of the Sultan of Johor, located in Johor Bahru, Malaysia. The palace faces the Straits of Johor and has a bird's eye view of Singapore, a former possession of the Sultanate. From historical records, the palace was completed in 1933. Istana Bukit Serene has a tower measuring 35m in height and is among the famous tourist attractions in Johor Bahru. Tourists are amazed by the unique carvings on the walls on this historical building which features Art Deco influences; the palace has a huge sprawling garden, a common site for many royal gatherings and celebrations. The palace is well guarded by the Sultan's own private army. Istana Bukit Serene was a gift from the Johor government to the late Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Abu Bakar in conjunction with the ruler’s 40th anniversary as the sultan of Johor. Sultan Ibrahim became a personal friend of Tokugawa Yoshichika during the 1920s. Tokugawa was a scion of the Tokugawa clan, his ancestors were military leaders which ruled Japan from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
When the Japanese invaded Malaya, Tokugawa accompanied General Yamashita Tomoyuki's troops and was warmly received by Sultan Ibrahim when they reached Johor Bahru at the end of January 1942. Yamashita and his officers stationed themselves at Istana Bukit Serene and the state secretariat building, Sultan Ibrahim Building to plan for the invasion of Singapore. From the palace, he had a splendid view of the positions of the Australian Army and Navy across the Straits of Johor. Yamashita used the palace tower as viewing point. Although advised by his top military personnel that the palace is an easy target, Yamashita was confident that the British Army would not attack Istana Bukit Serene because it was the pride and possession of the Sultan of Johor. Yamashita's prediction was correct. Shortly before the Japanese surrendered in 1945, Sultan Ibrahim was expelled from his residence at Istana Bukit Serene and was forced to reside at Istana Pasir Pelangi, the crown prince's palace. Historical events held at the Istana Bukit Serene are: venue for the Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Iskandar’s investiture ceremony in conjunction with his 55th birthday in 2014.
Akad nikah ceremony of Tunku Mahkota Johor Tunku Ismail Sultan Ibrahim and his consort Che Puan Khaleeda Bustamam was held on 24 October 2014. Istana Besar Istana Pasir Pelangi Pasir Pelangi The Temenggong family Monarchies of Malaysia A palace in the sun, Fauziah Ismail, New Straits Times
Francis Xavier, S. J. was a Navarrese Roman Catholic missionary, a co-founder of the Society of Jesus. Born in Javier, Kingdom of Navarre, he was a companion of Saint Ignatius of Loyola and one of the first seven Jesuits who took vows of poverty and chastity at Montmartre, Paris, in 1534, he led an extensive mission into Asia in the Portuguese Empire of the time and was influential in evangelization work, most notably in India. The Goa Inquisition was proposed by St. Francis Xavier, he was the first Christian missionary to venture into Japan, the Maluku Islands, other areas. In those areas, struggling to learn the local languages and in the face of opposition, he had less success than he had enjoyed in India. Xavier was about to extend his missionary preaching to China, he was beatified by Pope Paul V on 25 October 1619 and canonized by Pope Gregory XV on 12 March 1622. In 1624 he was made co-patron of Navarre. Known as the "Apostle of the Indies" and "Apostle of Japan", he is considered to be one of the greatest missionaries since Saint Paul.
In 1927, Pope Pius XI published the decree "Apostolicorum in Missionibus" naming Saint Francis Xavier, along with Saint Thérèse of Lisieux, co-patron of all foreign missions. He is now co-patron saint of Navarre with San Fermin; the Day of Navarre in Navarre, marks nowadays the anniversary of Saint Francis Xavier's death, on 3 December 1552. Francis Xavier was born in the royal castle of Xavier, in the Kingdom of Navarre, on 7 April 1506 according to a family register, he was the youngest son of Juan de Jasso y Atondo, seneschal of Xavier castle, who belonged to a prosperous farming family and had acquired a doctorate in law at the University of Bologna. Juan became privy counsellor and finance minister to King John III of Navarre. Francis's mother was Doña María de Azpilcueta y Aznárez, sole heiress of two noble Navarrese families, he was through her related to philosopher Martín de Azpilcueta. In 1512, King of Aragon and regent of Castile, invaded Navarre, initiating a war that lasted over 18 years.
Three years Francis's father died when Francis was only nine years old. In 1516, Francis's brothers participated in a failed Navarrese-French attempt to expel the Spanish invaders from the kingdom; the Spanish Governor, Cardinal Cisneros, confiscated the family lands, demolished the outer wall, the gates, two towers of the family castle, filled in the moat. In addition, the height of the keep. Only the family residence inside the castle was left. In 1522 one of Francis's brothers participated with 200 Navarrese nobles in dogged but failed resistance against the Castilian Count of Miranda in Amaiur, the last Navarrese territorial position south of the Pyrenees. In 1525, Francis went to study in Paris at the Collège Sainte-Barbe, University of Paris, where he would spend the next eleven years. In the early days he acquired some reputation as a high-jumper. In 1529, Francis shared lodgings with his friend Pierre Favre. A new student, Ignatius of Loyola, came to room with them. At 38, Ignatius was much older than Francis, who were both 23 at the time.
Ignatius convinced Pierre to become a priest, but was unable to convince Francis, who had aspirations of worldly advancement. At first Francis regarded the new lodger as a joke and was sarcastic about his efforts to convert students; when Pierre left their lodgings to visit his family and Ignatius was alone with Francis, he was able to break down Francis's resistance. According to most biographies Ignatius is said to have posed the question: "What will it profit a man to gain the whole world, lose his own soul?" However, according to James Broderick such method is not characteristic of Ignatius and there is no evidence that he employed it at all. In 1530 Francis received the degree of Master of Arts, afterwards taught Aristotelian philosophy at Beauvais College, University of Paris. On 15 August 1534, seven students met in a crypt beneath the Church of Saint Denis, on the hill of Montmartre, overlooking Paris, they were Francis, Ignatius of Loyola, Alfonso Salmeron, Diego Laínez, Nicolás Bobadilla from Spain, Peter Faber from Savoy, Simão Rodrigues from Portugal.
They made private vows of poverty and obedience to the Pope, vowed to go to the Holy Land to convert infidels. Francis began his study of theology in 1534 and was ordained on 24 June 1537. In 1539, after long discussions, Ignatius drew up a formula for a new religious order, the Society of Jesus. Ignatius's plan for the order was approved by Pope Paul III in 1540. In 1540 King John of Portugal had Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese ambassador to the Holy See, request Jesuit missionaries to spread the faith in his new possessions in India, where the king believed that Christian values were eroding among the Portuguese. After successive appeals to the Pope asking for missionaries for the East Indies under the Padroado agreement, John III was encouraged by Diogo de Gouveia, rector of the Collège Sainte-Barbe, to recruit the newly graduated students that would establish the Society of Jesus. Ignatius promptly appointed Simão Rodrigues. At the last moment, Bobadilla became ill. With some hesitance and uneasiness, Ignatius asked Francis to go in Bobadilla's place.
Thus, Francis Xavier began his life as the first Jesuit missionary accidentally. Leaving Rome on 15 March 1540, in the Ambassador's train, Franci
All Souls' Church, Cameron Highlands
All Souls’ Church is located in Tanah Rata, Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. The church was established in 1958, it is affiliated to the Council of Churches, Malaysia. All Souls’ Church known as the Cameron Highlands Church, was erected in 1958, it was attached to St. John's Church in Ipoh, Perak; the committee comprised Captain Hugh Fitzherbert Bloxham, Mr. E. G. Waller, Major Raymond Thomas, Major W. R. Stokes, Mr. Hogarth, Mr. Whitelaw, Rev. G. A. Williamson, Mr. Sales, Miss Dove and Miss Anne L. P. Griffith-Jones; the history of the church can be traced back to the early 1950s when the Vicar of Ipoh and other expatriate clergy held occasional services at either the Cameron Highlands Hotel or Slim School. Historical records show that the Rev. Anthony Charles Dumper made his pastoral visits to Slim School as early as 1950; the first confirmation service recorded was in 1952. During the Malayan Emergency there was a significant increase in the number of British Military Forces in the district. Army chaplains visited the “Camerons” to conduct the weekly services at either the Eastern Hotel or Slim School.
The congregation consisted of military personnel. In early 1958, Miss Anne L. P. Griffith-Jones, OBE offered to give a site adjoining the Slim School grounds for the erection of a School Chapel. However, after consultation with the District Officer, it was established that the State Government would not alienate any further land to the British Forces. Subsequently, Miss Griffith-Jones transferred the land to the Diocese on the understanding that a small civilian church would be built on it; the church would be available for any special army services. The construction of the church commenced in 1958; the army authorities generously provided a dismantled Nissen hut for erection as a church and donated a sum of RM$1,000 towards the total erection costs of RM$4,643. Part of this money came from the European planter families from Kampong Kuantan and Kuala Selangor; the church was completed in September 1958 and, except for some minor renovations, remains unchanged to this day. The name ‘All Souls’ Church’ was given at its consecration on Thursday, 30 April 1959 by the Right Rev. Bishop H.
W. Baines, Bishop of Singapore and Malaya to commemorate the soldiers who died in the two World Wars; the church, under the direction of the Missionary District of South Perak, was ministered to by chaplains of the British Armed Forces and expatriate clergy from the Overseas Missionary Fellowship seconded to the Diocese of West Malaysia. Among these were the Rev. G. A. Williamson, Rev. Whitaker, Rev. C. K. Davis, Rev. K. Oliver, Rev. P. Scott, Rev. J. G. C. Thistle, Rev. T. O. Sturdy, Rev. G. Baker, Rev. Donald H. Temple, Rev. Vokes. Rev. Fred Collard and Rev. David H. Uttley; the church became a part of the Parish of South Perak and in 1986 it became a part of the Parish of Batang Padang, Perak. Since its inception, All Souls’ Church has been governed by an independent committee comprising members of the church; the first Malaysian clergy who ministered at All Souls’ Church, were the clergy from Emmanuel Church in Tapah, Perak – the Rev. Moses Elisha Ponniah, the Rev. Samuel D. John, the Rev. Alakumalai and the Rev.
Steven Abbarow. The first resident priest to be appointed to All Souls’ Church was Rev. Kalaimuthu, he was licensed by the late Bishop Tan Sri John G. Savarimuthu on Sunday, 21 August 1994, he was succeeded by Rev. Dr. Vijendra Daniel in November 1997. On 30 August 1998 the Bishop Tan Sri Datuk Dr. Lim Cheng Ean inaugurated All Souls’ Church as a Missionary District, with the Rev. Dr. Vijendra Daniel as the resident priest. On 1 January 2007, Rev. David Cheong succeeded Rev. Dr. Vijendra Daniel as Priest-in-Charge of All Souls’ Church. Rev. Jeremiah Lee succeeded Rev. David Cheong from May 2008. Rev. Simon Soh succeeded Rev. Jeremiah Lee in 2011. In January 2015, the church came under the care of Rev. James Ming Sabaran. On 1 January 2018, Rev. Steven Raj succeeded Rev. James Ming Sabaran as Priest-in-Charge of All Souls' Church. All Souls’ Church, in conformity with the historic Apostles’ and Nicene Creeds: Seeks to magnify God's name through worship. Therefore: We come together to sing praises and proclaim God's word, offer our prayers, receive Christ's forgiveness and celebrate the gifts of baptism and Holy Communion.
Seeks to educate God's people through discipleship. Therefore: We nurture growth in personal faith and Biblical understanding, edifying the body of believers through fellowship and the responsible use of our time and resources. Seeks to communicate God's word through evangelism. Therefore: We reach out beyond our congregation, inviting into communion people of different races and generations, sharing the Good News of the gospel with all our neighbours. Seeks to demonstrate God's love through service. Therefore: We go forth to offer Christ's compassionate love, hope and peace. Seeks to obey God's commission through mission. Therefore: We encourage and support worldwide Christian missions and endeavour to mobilise members of our own congregation for part
Eastern & Oriental Hotel
The Eastern & Oriental Hotel is a colonial-style hotel in George Town, Malaysia, established in 1885 by the Sarkies Brothers. The sea-fronting hotel is known for restaurants; the Eastern Hotel was founded by the Sarkies Brothers in 1884. Within one year, the hotel had prospered and surged in popularity such that the brothers established another hotel, the Oriental Hotel, in 1885, leading to a merger of both hotels into the Eastern & Oriental Hotel in 1889; the success of the brand led the brothers to establish sister hotels, the Raffles Hotel in Singapore in 1887 and the Strand Hotel in Rangoon, Burma, in 1901. Under the management of the brothers the E & O hotel would receive several major expansion works, culminating to the completion of the present hotel complex in 1929. Having failed to adapt to competition following World War II, the hotel underwent several decades of decline, in 1996 a decision was made by the management to temporarily close down the hotel for major reconstruction. Although the front wing of the hotel, which would be known as the "Heritage Wing", received restoration work, the rest of the hotel, including the easternmost 1929 "New Wing", was either gutted and refurbished or reconstructed in the style of the hotel's older architectural design.
Under its new owner, The E&O Group, the hotel was reopened to the public in 2001. In 2013 the old Victory Annex was replaced by a new, 132-room tower of the same name. Famous visitors and guests of the hotel include: Sir Noël Coward Sivaji Ganesan Douglas Fairbanks Hermann Hesse Rudyard Kipling Somerset Maugham Charlie Chaplin Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei Lee Kuan Yew Karl May Sun Yat Sen Raffles Hotel Strand Hotel William Warren, Jill Gocher. Asia's legendary hotels: the romance of travel. Singapore: Periplus Editions. ISBN 978-0-7946-0174-4. Official E&O Hotel website
Jubilee Clock Tower
The Jubilee Clock Tower, in George Town, Malaysia, is a Moorish-style Jubilee clocktower at the junction of Light Street and Beach Street. Built to commemorate Queen Victoria's 1897 Diamond Jubilee, the tower is sixty feet tall, one foot for each year of Victoria's reign. A corner of the wall surrounding Fort Cornwallis is situated behind the tower; the clock tower is tilted, a result of bombing during the Second World War. List of tourist attractions in Penang