Cigarral

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Cigarral del Santo Ángel Custodio

Cigarral refers to recreational estates or mansions located in the south edge of the Tagus river to its passage by the city of Toledo, Spain, with a main construction intended for recreational housing, a secondary building for the guardians (cigarraleros) who take care of the house to be second residence and, most important and characteristic, its large field, which is limited to a minimum of 7000 m2, being common until half of the 20th century surfaces around 20 000 m2.

The origin of the word cigarral is unknown. The most commonly used version comes from the seasonal presence of cicadas (Spanish: cigarras) in the summer months, which were the main use of these residences. There are other versions that relate the origin of the word to the conjunction of two Arabic words that refer to recreational house.

History[edit]

It is given as a false moment of origin in the middle of the 15th century. Once the clashes between the Arab and Christian kingdoms have subsided, some important members of the ecclesial leadership begin to buy land on the other side of the river, on its southern shore, and spend the summer seasons on these farms.

In the middle of the 17th century the lands of the cigarrales are destined to plantation of fruit trees, being this secondary use that would allow a maintenance of the farms.

The use of second residence for the Toledan bourgeoisie remained until the mid-20th century when, as the large areas were not profitable and the maintenance costs of these farms were high, they began to be subdivided into smaller plots.

In 1994 enters into force the PECHT, Special Plan of the Historic District, urban planning regulations of the Center of Toledo and the environment of the Tagus, which includes the area of cigarrales. From that date, with a more difficult splitting of large cigarrales, a gradual change of use of the area begins, losing its quality of residential area, and take over hotels and restaurants that give it a character of tertiary zone destined to house restoration services.

In 2006, in the face of the great deterioration of the Cigarrales area, with the transformation of uses, the first advance of the Special Cigarrales Plan is presented, a document proposed by PECHT to organize the urbanization of the Cigarrales.

Illustrious neighbors of Cigarrales[edit]