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In Aztec mythology, the Cihuateteo or "Divine Women", were the malevolent spirits of women who died in childbirth. They were likened to the spirits of male warriors who died in violent conflict, because childbirth was conceptually equivalent to battle in Aztec culture. According to tradition, a woman in labor was said to capture the spirit of her newborn child similar to the way a warrior captures his opponent in battle; these spirits are associated with the west, the place where the sun sets each day. The Cihuateteo resided in a region in the west known as Cihuatlampa, the “place of women.” Each day, they guided the sun into the west from noon until sunset, are suggested to have borne it through the underworld until it rose again. They were aided by the spirits of male warriors, this practice of guiding the sun was seen as exclusive to these two groups of the deceased—it was an honor, not bestowed on any other individuals. On five specific days in the Aztec calendar, the cihuateteo descended to the earth: 1 Deer, 1 Rain, 1 Monkey, 1 House, 1 Eagle.

While on earth, they were considered to be demons of the night, haunted crossroads. Roadside shrines were erected to appease them, as they were believed to steal children, cause madness and seizures, induce men to adultery; the figure of a cihuateotl from the Metropolitan Museum of Art has been inscribed on top of her head with the name Ce Calli, “1 House,” while the figure from the British Museum is inscribed with the glyph “1 Monkey”—these indicate their respective days of descent. When an Aztec woman experienced childbirth, it was seen as a violent and laborious effort likened to the intensity of battle, it was believed that the child was sent down to the earth by the gods, the woman had to fight and struggle in order to bring it into the world. The newborn child was seen as a sufficient reward if she was successful and emerged victorious from her “fight” with the gods, but if she lost and proved unsuccessful she died and her soul underwent transformation into a cihuateotl. In the case of the death of the woman, special funerary practices were carried out, as the body of a woman who had died in childbirth was believed to possess special powers and magic following the departure of the soul from the body.

In these special practices, the body was guarded fiercely by an armed entourage that included the widowed husband, his friends, all the midwives, old women. This was deemed necessary due to the need to protect the woman's human remains from male warriors. Parts of the body believed to be potent relics for warriors were the left middle finger and the hair. According to Aztec belief, “these relics had magical power and, if placed on their shields, would make the warriors brave and valiant, give them strength, blind the eyes of their enemies.” Cihuateteo can be characterized as “fearsome figures with clenched, claw-like fists, bared teeth and gums and aggressive poses.” Sitting with their clawed feet tucked beneath their skirts, they seem at once in repose and ready to attack. In Aztec art, the postpartum female body is depicted with pendulous breasts and stomach folds. Within the Aztec artistic tradition, cihuateteo are depicted with taut stomachs, exposed breasts, prominent nipples; these are all features that serve to highlight their unrealized potential as mothers, as these women died before having the opportunity to bear and nurse their newborn child.

Oftentimes, cihuateteo are depicted with swirling, unkempt hair and skirts fastened with snake belts. Cihuateteo figures found at the site of El Zapotal carry staffs bearing heads as trophies, seem to be covered with flayed skins, which suggests deference or worship to a female vegetation deity; the serpent around the waist may be a reference to the serpentine goddess Cihuacoatl, not only associated with war and political power, but with fertility and midwifery. The unkempt hair is associated with darkness and the earth. Not only was Cihuatlampa a place of darkness, but most Aztec associations with the earth symbolize both childbirth and sacrifice, two of the defining traits of the cihuateteo themselves. La Llorona Soldaderas


The Shinde is a Maratha dynasty founded by Ranoji Rao Scindia, the son of Jankoji Rao Scindia, the Deshmukh of Kanherkhed, a village in Satara District, India. The Scindia/Shinde were Shiledars under the sultanates of the Deccan. Ranoji Rao Scindia Jayappaji Rao Scindia Jankoji Rao Scindia Dattaji Rao Scindia Vacant 15 January 1761 – 25 November 1763Kadarji Rao Scindia Manaji Rao Scindia Mahadaji Shinde Daulat Rao Sindhia Jankoji Rao Scindia II Jayaji Rao Scindia Madho Rao Scindia Jiwajirao Scindia Born 26 June 1916, died 16 July 1961. Madhav Rao Scindia Jyotiraditya Scindia

Kily González

Cristian Alberto'Kily' González Peret is an Argentine former professional footballer who played as a left winger. He started his career with Rosario Central which he would represent in three different spells, moving to Spain in 1996 where he appeared for Zaragoza and Valencia, amassing La Liga totals of 182 matches and 23 goals during seven seasons and winning the national championship with the latter, he spent three years in Italy with Inter Milan. González's spell in the Argentine national team lasted for ten years, in which he was selected for the 2002 World Cup and two Copa América tournaments, for a total of 56 caps. Born in Rosario, Santa Fe, González started playing with local Rosario Central, making his Argentine Primera División debut on 18 December 1993 in a 0–2 away loss against Club de Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata. After two years he moved to Boca Juniors, spending the 1995–96 season there and playing alongside Diego Maradona. In 1996, González was transferred to Real Zaragoza, he appeared in his first game in La Liga on 8 September by playing 19 minutes in a 2–1 win at Sevilla FC and, during his three-year spell in Aragon, shared teams with countryman Gustavo López, a winger.

Subsequently, González joined fellow league club Valencia CF for 1,300,000 pesetas, being teammate to Argentines Pablo Aimar and Roberto Ayala for several seasons and contributing with 31 matches and two goals in the 2001–02 campaign as his team won the league title after a 31-year wait. Following the emergence of younger Vicente he became surplus to requirements – only 13 appearances and 546 minutes of action in his last year, which included a run-in with manager Rafael Benítez– and left the Che as a free agent. In summer 2003, González followed Valencia coach Héctor Cuper to Inter Milan, again shared teams with several compatriots, he was used as a substitute during his tenure, playing 75 official games and failing to find the net. Aged 32, González returned to his country and Rosario Central, going on to still be an important first-team member during three top flight seasons. On 4 August 2009, he joined San Lorenzo de Almagro, managed by former national teammate Diego Simeone. An Argentine international since 1995, González made his debut on 8 November in a 0–1 home defeat to Brazil.

He was selected by manager Marcelo Bielsa for his 1999 Copa América squad, scoring one of his nine goals in the nation's 2–0 group stage win against Uruguay as the former went on to reach the quarter finals only to be eliminated by eventual champions Brazil. He went on to become a regular member of the starting eleven under that coach, participated in the 2002 FIFA World Cup in Japan and South Korea, starting against England and appearing against Nigeria and Sweden in an eventual group stage exit. Two years again under Bielsa, González was selected for the 2004 Summer Olympics tournament as one of three overaged players, he featured in all games and scored in the opener against Serbia, helping the Albiceleste win gold in Athens. González took part in the 2004 Copa América, netting three times in the tournament: his first two came in the group stage, in Argentina's victories against Ecuador and Uruguay, his last was a penalty in regulation time in the final against Brazil, which ended in a shootout loss with the player again converting his attempt.

González was a quick and versatile midfielder, capable of playing both as a winger and as an attacking midfielder. His main attributes were his technical ability, range of passing and his powerful and accurate striking ability from distance, which enabled him both to create and score goals. Source: Source: Valencia La Liga: 2001–02 Supercopa de España: 1999 UEFA Champions League: Runner-up 1999–2000, 2000–01Inter Milan Serie A: 2005–06 Coppa Italia: 2004–05, 2005–06 Summer Olympic Games: 2004 Copa América: 2004 UEFA Team of the Year: 2001 Argentine League statistics at the Wayback Machine Statistics at Irish Times at the Wayback Machine Kily González at BDFutbol Kily González at Inter archives Kily González – FIFA competition record

Perry (town), New York

Perry is a town in Wyoming County, New York, United States. The population was 4,616 at the 2010 census; the town is named after Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry. The town is on the eastern border of the county. Perry is the name of a village within the town; the town is styled "home of the Silver Lake Sea Serpent" after a sea serpent sighting a hoax, in 1855. The serpent is celebrated by images throughout the town and by a summer festival. An artificial serpent was placed by Silver Lake in 2016; the Village of Perry joined Tree City USA in 2017. U. S. Route 20A passes across the town; the Town of Perry was established in 1814 from part of the Town of Leicester. It was coincidentally formed at the same time as another town of Perry in Cattaraugus County. Parts of the town of Perry were removed to form new towns. Chester A. Arthur, the twenty-first President of the United States spent some of his childhood years in the Village of Perry after being born in Fairfield, Vermont. Irving C. Tomlinson, a Universalist minister who became a prominent Christian Scientist, was born in Perry in 1860.

Edward Austin Sheldon was born and grew up in the hamlet of Perry Center, in what was Genesee County and became Wyoming County. Sheldon founded the Oswego Training School, now Oswego College; as of the census of 2010, there were 4,616 people, 1,872 households, 1,242 families residing in the town. There were 2,190 housing units at an average density of 57.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.2% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.3% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population. There were 1,872 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 4.81% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.2 males. According to the 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, the median income for a household in the town was $51,194, the median income for a family was $62,625. Males had a median income of $39,151 versus $34,639 for females; the per capita income for the town was $24,726. About 11.7% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.6 square miles, of which 36.4 square miles is land and 0.2 square mile is water. The east town line is the border of Livingston County. Routes 20A, 39, 246 pass through the town. New York State Route 39 is the village's Main Street. New York State Puppet Festival, June 2018 Buffalo Corners – A location on Route 246 north of Perry Center.

Burke Hill – A location west of Buffalo Corners. Perry – The Village of Perry in on the south town line. Perry Center – A hamlet at the intersection of Routes 20A and 246. Perry-Warsaw Municipal Airport – A general aviation airport northwest of Perry village. Silver Lake – The north end of the lake is southwest of Perry village. Simmons Corners – A location east of Perry Center on Route 20A. Sucker Brook – A hamlet west of Perry Center on Route 20A. West Perry Center – A hamlet on the western town line on Route 20A. List of towns in New York - Perry's Information Portal, Event Calendar, Business Listings and Image Database

Taring Padi

Taring Padi is a collective of underground artists in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The group was formed in 1998 during the general upheaval following the fall of Suharto. Taring Padi are well known for the production of posters embedded with political and social justice messages, using the cukil technique onto paper or canvas. In addition to their print work, they create murals, puppetry, street theater performances, punk rock and techno music. After the fall of Suharto, Taring Padi occupied an abandoned art school which they used as a residence and workspace for creating art and theater. Following the 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake, Taring Padi became based in a studio in Sembungan village, Yogyakarta; the group is well known among international art collectors and underground communities such as the Just Seeds Artists Cooperative and has collaborated broadly internationally. Works by Taring Padi have been shown in many formal and non-formal settings including Indonesia's National Gallery in Jakarta and at the 31st Century Museum, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Taring Padi was included in the group show Sisa: re-use and cultural activism from Indonesia at the University of Technology, Sydney gallery. In 2004 a film about Taring Padi by filmmakers Jamie Nicolai and Charlie Hillsmith,Indonesian Arts and Rock'n' Roll was screened on the SBS in Australia. A short cut of this film can be seen at YouTube. Filmmaker Rohan Langford has made a brief profile of Taring Padi artist Aris Prabawa, who in 2010 held solo shows at the Asia Australia Arts Centre and Casula Powerhouse Arts Centre in Sydney, Australia. Taring Padi run workshops at their studio and undertake collaborative projects with communities and national and international art and political groups. In May 2010 Taring Padi and networks, together with the victims of Siring Village and surrounds, collaborated to commemorate the 4th anniversary of the Lapindo Mud disaster near Surabaya, they held etching, screenprinting and singing workshop activities culminating with a carnival and a people's stage show on the edge of the dam containing the mud.

A film documenting this project can be downloaded at In 2010 in Chiang Mai, Thailand and 2012 in Yogyakarta, Taring Padi collaborated with Thai and Myanmar artists in the project Under, After and In Between. Under, After and In Between focused on the different circumstances of each country and group and how they can influence the purpose of artistic work; the projects culminated in performances in Chiang Mai, Bangkok and Kulon Progo. Taring Padi published its book Seni Membongar Tirani in 2011 in Indonesian and English covering 10 years of the collective's work, including art work and academic articles; this book was launched in a number of cities in Indonesia in 2012 including Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Denpasar in Bali, Makassar and Padang. This book is now available for free download as an e-book from the Taring Padi website. In 2018 Taring Padi celebrated its 20-year anniversary with a critically acclaimed retrospective exhibition at the Yogyakarta Institute of Art. Post-Suharto era Printmaking Taring Padi Website Teeth of the Rice Plant on Undergrowth Anak Seribu Pulau War Paint, article by Jason Tedjasukmna, Time Magazine Art for the people, Inside Indonesia Taring Padi painting session and pictures, journal article by Jaromil Sembiring, Dalih: Artists Band Together to Offer New Life Choices for Sex Workers, Jakarta Globe May 3, 2009 Farrell, Margie: Art and Rock'n' Roll, 2004, Documentary: Indonesia - Art and Rock'n Roll.

2002 The House of Red Monkey Producer: Jamie Nicolai. Director: Charlie Hill-Smith. Writer: Jamie Nicolai. Charlie Hill-Smith. Taring Padi Individual Members Websites - Bayu Widodo, Muhammad "Ucup" Yusuf

Fran Logan

Francis Michael Logan has been the Minister for Emergency Services and Corrective Services in the McGowan Labor Government since 17 March 2017 and sits in Western Australia's Legislative Assembly. He was elected to the south western electorate of Cockburn for the Labor Party in 2001. Logan trained as a mechanic in his native England before emigrating to Western Australia in 1980 after travelling around Asia, he worked in the aircraft and mining industries in New South Wales and Western Australia and completed a Bachelor of Arts with Honours in Economics at Sydney University where he won the Committee for the Economic Development of Australia National Award for his thesis examining Australia's trade relations with Japan and China. Logan was employed as a trade research officer, industrial advocate and organiser with the Australian Manufacturing Workers Union from 1986 until entering parliament in 2001, he is has two adult children Alexandra and Henry. Under Logan's tenure as the current minister for emergency services and corrective services, the Department of Fire and Emergency Services has been restructured to include a Rural Fire Division and the Office of Emergency Management has been integrated into the department's structure.

A new Bushfire Centre of Excellence is planned and will research bushfire management and response. The Department of Corrective Services has been merged with the previous Department of the Attorney-General to become the Department of Justice. Logan won preselection for the seat of Cockburn on the retirement of Bill Thomas. Logan won the seat at the 2001 election, subsequently retaining it at both the 2005 and 2008 elections. Early in his time in office, he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for the Environment. Following the 2005 election, he was promoted to the Ministry on 10 March 2005, becoming the Minister of Housing and Works and Minister for Heritage, as well as the Minister assisting the Minister for Planning and Infrastructure Alannah MacTiernan. On 3 February 2006, Logan was appointed Minister for Energy and Innovation in the Carpenter Ministry. Following a reshuffle of the Ministry on 13 December 2006, he gained the Resources portfolio as well as Industry and Enterprise, whilst losing Science and Innovation to Alan Carpenter.

Logan served in the Carpenter Ministry as Minister for Energy. In May 2008, allegations surfaced that Logan had discussed with one of his female ministerial staffers about having sex with him and another employee of the government. Logan claimed he was joking with a staffer that he had known for some years and it was part of an "ongoing, light-hearted, two-way banter", he said that the woman involved did not express any concern at the time. However, the former ministerial staffed claimed that Logan had made the comment on more than one occasion and she had found the remarks inappropriate and not fitting of a minister of the Crown. WA Premier Alan Carpenter ignored Opposition calls to remove Logan over the allegations after Logan claimed it was a joke. Following Labor's loss at the 2008 state election, he formally ceased his duties as a Minister on 23 September 2008, became the Shadow Minister for Water, Consumer Protection and Industrial Relations, he became the minister for emergency services and corrective services on 17 March 2017 following the McGowan Labor Government's defeat of the Barnett Liberal-National Government at the 11 March 2017 election