The A483 known as the Swansea to Chester Trunk Road, is a major road in the United Kingdom. It runs from Swansea in Wales to Chester in England via Llandovery, Llandrindod Wells and Wrexham, a distance of around 153 miles; the A483 begins at junction 42 of the M4 motorway, just east of Swansea. From here, it travels west along the Fabian Way towards Swansea city centre, where it turns to a northwesterly direction, it meets the M4 again at junction 47 at Penllergaer, after which it multiplexes with the A48 along Swansea Road, Bryntirion Road and Bolgoed Road to Pontarddulais. After Pontarddulais, the route continues along Carmarthen Road, it diverges from the A48 at the terminus of the M4, junction 49, turning northeast towards Ammanford and north towards Llandeilo. At Llandeilo it meets the A40 multiplexes with this route as far as Llandovery. From here, it continues north into Powys; the A483 continues through Builth Wells and Llandrindod Wells. It intersects with the A44 at Crossgates, just north of Llandrindod Wells continues to Newtown, where it passes under the Cambrian Line at the Dolfor Road Railway Bridge.
This low bridge, with a height restriction of 13 ft 3 in, has been hit by high vehicles on many occasions. From Newtown the road continues to Welshpool, running parallel to the River Severn, before crossing the border into England at Llanymynech. From Llanymynech, the A483 continues north. Here, it picks up a multiplex with the A5. After the A5 diverges to the west at Chirk, the A483 crosses the River Dee reaches Ruabon. Here, it becomes a dual carriageway with numbered grade-separated junctions. Junction 1 - A539 Ruabon Junction 2 - B5426 Johnstown Junction 3 - A5152 Croesfoel Junction 4 - A525 Ruthin Road Junction 5 - A541 Mold Road Junction 6 - A5156 Gresford Junction 7 - B5102 Rossett Just south of Chester, the A483 intersects with the A55 North Wales Expressway, it continues as a single carriageway to its terminus at the city centre, crossing the Grosvenor Bridge over the Dee. There have been calls to upgrade the road from Shrewsbury to Wrexham, including the section of the A483 from Oswestry to Ruabon, to dual carriageway.
There has been a campaign by residents of Llanymynech and nearby Pant for an A483 bypass around these villages. Trunk roads in Wales Google Maps UK Media related to A483 road at Wikimedia Commons SABRE Roads by 10 - A483
Montgomery is a town and community in the Welsh Marches, administratively in the Welsh county of Powys. It is the traditional county town of the historic county of Montgomeryshire to which it gives its name; the town centre lies about 1 mile west of the English border. Montgomery Castle was started in 1223 and its parish church in 1227. Other locations in the town include The Old Bell Museum, the Offa's Dyke Path, the Robber's Grave and the town wall; the large Iron Age hill fort of Ffridd Faldwyn is sited northwest of the town and west of the Castle. In the 2011 census, the community of Montgomery had a population of 1,295; the town was established around a Norman stone castle on a crag. The castle had been built in the early 13th century to control an important ford over the nearby River Severn and replaced an earlier motte and bailey fortification at Hen Domen, one mile away. An important supporter of King William I, Roger de Montgomery from Montgomery in the Pays d'Auge in Normandy, was given this part of the Welsh Marches by William and his name was given to the town surrounding the castle.
The Treaty of Montgomery was signed 29 September 1267 in Montgomeryshire. By this treaty King Henry III of England acknowledged Llywelyn ap Gruffudd as Prince of Wales. Montgomery was sacked at the beginning of the 15th century by the Welsh Prince Owain Glyndŵr. At that time, the castle and surrounding estates were held by the Mortimer family but they came into royal hands when the last Earl of March died in 1425. In 1485, King Richard III was defeated at the Battle of Bosworth and the Royal Estates, including Montgomery and its castle, passed into the hands of the new King, Henry VII, the first Tudor king, a Welshman; the castle was given to another powerful Welsh family, the Herberts. During the Civil War, the castle was captured by Parliamentary forces and subsequently slighted to remove its military threat; as a county town, Montgomery prospered, its buildings give the small town its current character. In 1923 the Montgomeryshire County War Memorial was completed to commemorate fallen servicemen from Montgomeryshire.
The memorial is on a hill about 1 km SW of the town. Religious poet and orator George Herbert was born in Montgomery in 1593. After her divorce, Julie Christie lived for a long time on the outskirts of the town, she is reported to saying that the closest thing she had to home lay in the remembered magic of the few summers she had shared with her mother in Wales when she first returned from India. So she bought a basic farm near Montgomery in Wales... invited some friends to stay with her, how she has lived most of her life since. Montgomery Town Council represents the community at the local level, with eight town councillors. Montgomery is an electoral ward for Powys County Council, electing one county councillor for the ward. Sitting councillor, Stephen Hayes defended his seat at the May 2017 elections; the Review of Electoral Arrangements - County of Powys proposes to combine the Montgomery ward with neighbouring Forden, to create a Forden and Montgomery ward with a population over 2,000. This would come into effect at the 2022 elections.
The parish church was founded in the 1220s, with additions including late 13th-century chancel and transepts and a 19th-century tower. The church is Grade I listed; the most remarkable features of the church are the ornate rood screen and stalls which were transferred to the church from Chirbury Priory in Shropshire after the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century. The south transept shows evidence of Montgomery's close association with the Herbert family; the centrepiece is the Elizabethan era tomb or church monument to Richard Herbert of Montgomery Castle, father of poet and Anglican divine George Herbert. This association is recalled in a memorial poem to a well-known local man J. D. K. Lloyd, who wrote this poem after the style of George Herbert; this O, enclosed around, with no entrance found, yet soone with newest life to overflow So has thy tombe, by Pilate sealed, to us that third day Life revealed, O grant that I, some morning bright, my earthly Shell broke, may wear, in White, Thy Yoke.
Richard's grandson, another Richard Herbert, 2nd Baron Herbert of Chirbury, the last Herbert to have lived at Montgomery Castle, was buried in the church in 1655. In 1821 John Davies of Wrexham was sentenced to death by hanging at Montgomery for highway robbery. Throughout his trial, after the sentence, Davies declared his innocence and prayed that God would not allow the grass to grow on his grave for a hundred years as a sign of his innocence, his grave remained bare for at least a century. The grave can still be seen in the churchyard. Besides the legendary Robber's Grave, the churchyard contains the war graves of two soldiers of World War I and a soldier and two airmen of World War II; the last remaining Georgian town hall in Montgomeryshire. The red brick Town Hall forms a striking termination to Broad Street, although the centre of the building is offset to the north of the line of the street. Built by William Baker of Audlem, 1748–51, for Henry Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Powis, for whom Baker had in 1745 provided designs for a new Town Hall at Bishops Castle.
In 1828 Thomas Penson, at the expense of Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis, raised the roof level over the first floor and introduced sash windows. The clock tower was added in 1921; the predecessor of this building was a half-timbered structure, which the Speed map of 1610 shows was sited, lengthways, in the middle of Broad Street. The former Montgomeryshire County
Carno is a village in Powys, Wales. The community, a parish in the historic county of Montgomeryshire, comprises the townships of Derlwyn and Trowscoed, it is in the geographical centre of Wales. The Afon Carno rises near the watershed with the Afon Dyfi; the village's name is derived from the Welsh language word for cairn, as there are many ancient cairns on the hills surrounding the village. The A470 road between Llanbrynmair and Caersws passes through the village; this part of the route follows the course of the Afon Carno through hilly country. An electoral ward which includes the nearby village of Caersws had a population of 2316 in 2011. A Roman Fort named; the site encompasses a rectangular area 450 feet by 270 feet. A large mound occupies part of the fort. In 952, Iago and Ieuaf, the two exiled sons of Idwal Foel, King of Gwynedd, invaded Dyfed, but they were defeated in a decisive battle near Carno by the sons of King of Deheubarth. The victory secured the sovereignty of North Wales. Another decisive battle took place here in 1081 in which "all the leading figures of the period took part, which left its impress permanently on the history of Gwynedd and Deheubarth".
A Grade II* 16th century timber-framed house, Plasau Duon, is near the village. The Manor House Plas Llysyn was a property raided as an LSD factory as part of Operation Julie. Plas Llysyn was under surveillance and the well that supplied the house was destroyed to investigate the contents. £500,000,000 of LSD was manufactured in the cellars here. Supplying 50% of the worlds LSD at the time; the original Carno station was opened by the Newtown and Machynlleth Railway in 1863. It was closed, along with a number of stations on the Cambrian Line, as part of the Beeching cuts in the 1960s. In 2002 a campaign began to reopen a station near the village. In 2009 the Welsh Assembly agreed to examine the proposal as part of the Cambrian Rail Study. In 2014, the Welsh Assembly confirmed Arriva Trains Wales and Network Rail broadly agreed with an independent report recommending the reopening of a station at Carno. However, a new station would need to be built as the original Victorian building is in private ownership.
The designer and entrepreneur Laura Ashley is buried in the churchyard. Bernard and Laura Ashley moved from Kent to Carno in 1961; the company's original factory was in the village. The parents of Chicago Outfit gangster Morris Llewellyn Humphreys emigrated to the United States from the village in the late 19th century. Photos of Carno and surrounding area on geograph.org.uk http://carnostation.org.uk/
Clyro is a village and community in Radnorshire, Wales, with 781 inhabitants as of the 2011 UK Census. The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye, some 1.5 miles to the south-east. The name of the village is thought to derive from the Welsh for'clear water'. Though a Roman fort has been excavated within the village, the settlement of Clyro is presumed to be early medieval; the parish church is dedicated to Saint Michael and All Angels and was first recorded in the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535. It was, however entirely rebuilt in the 19th century, though the base of the tower is early 15th century. Clyro Castle may be much earlier. All that now remains is a large motte. A second motte, called Castle Kinsey and built by Cadwallon ap Madog in the 12th century, is at Court Evan Gwynne just north of the village; the site is now a Radnorshire Wildlife Trust reserve called Cwm Byddog notable for its veteran oak pollards. John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, his supporter John William Fletcher stayed and preached in Clyro at the house called Pentwyn.
Clyro Court was built by Thomas Mynors Baskerville in 1839. It is said that Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was visitor, with obvious consequences. Clyro Court Farm is much older, being a former monastic grange with some of the buildings dating back to the 14th century. Francis Kilvert was curate of the parish church from 1865 to 1872 and much of his published diaries deal with the people and landscape of Clyro and the surrounding area; this part of Wales, including the villages of Clyro, Capel-y-ffin, Glasbury, Llanigon and the town of Hay-on-Wye, as well as Clifford and Whitney-on-Wye in neighbouring Herefordshire, is sometimes referred to as "Kilvert Country". There is a commemorative plaque in Clyro parish church and his former residence, Ashbrook House, is now an art gallery. Many of the buildings mentioned in the diaries are still extant, including the old village school where Kilvert taught, the old vicarage, the New Inn, The Swan. Kilvert, Robert Francis; the Curate of Clyro: Extracts from the Diary of the Reverend Francis Kilvert.
Gwasg Gregynog. Community Website Clyro Primary School Photos of Clyro and surrounding area on geograph
Felin-fach is a community in Breconshire, Wales located to the north-east of Brecon. It includes the villages of Felinfach, Llandefalle and Talachddu; the community had a population of 673 as of the 2011 UK Census. Felinfach Community Council
Castle Caereinion is a small village and community in Montgomeryshire, Wales upon the River Banwy, around 8 miles west of Welshpool, 4 miles east of Llanfair Caereinion. In 2011 the ward had a population of 592. Castle Caereinion railway station is on the Llanfair Light Railway; the village is named after an ancient castle. The castle was built in 1156 by Madog ap Maredudd. Madog's nephew Owain Cyfeiliog swore allegiance to the English, Owain Gwynedd took the castle from him and destroyed it in about 1167, it has been suggested that a mound in the churchyard of St Garmon's is the remains of the earthwork castle. This mound is known as Twmpath Garmon, so it could be a preaching mound; the most recent view is that the mound does not appear motte-like and a survey in 2002 failed to find a surrounding ditch. The church of St Garmon was rebuilt in 1866 with additions in 1874, its predecessor was 15th century. Some of the fittings from the earlier church survive from the 18th century. St Garmon’s was not an important ecclesiastical centre, being classed as a chapel in 1254.
Tŷ Mawr, a Grade I timber framed house, is in Trefnant within the parish of Castle Caereinion. Village website
Llanidloes is a town and community on the A470 and B4518 roads in Powys, within the historic county boundaries of Montgomeryshire, Wales. The population in 2011 was 2,929, it is the first town on the River Severn, counting from the source. The town's Member of Parliament is the Conservative Glyn Davies and its Assembly Member is Conservative Russell George; the town is close to reservoir Llyn Clywedog. There is a scenic mountain road connecting Llanidloes. Llanidloes is popular with hikers who walk on the scenic footpaths surrounding the town, including Glyndŵr's Way, which in conjunction with the Offa's Dyke path forms a 160-mile circuit around Mid Wales and local passage over the spine of the Cambrian Mountains; the Sarn Sabrina Walk – a 25-mile circular walk from Llanidloes to the source of the Severn and back – has been held yearly on the Saturday preceding the Late Spring Bank Holiday since 2006. In 2007 the Semi Sabrina, a 12-mile circular walk, was added; the Hafren Forest is used for car rallies such as Rally GB and motorcycle Enduro events throughout the year.
Llanidloes takes its name from the early 7th century Celtic Saint Idloes, after whom its parish church is named. The village hall is the centre of Wales, it was part of the cantref of Arwystli. In 1280 Llanidloes received a market charter from the King and the benefit of Edwardian town planning and earthwork defences; the present-day street plan follows the 13th century grid layout. O'Neill traced earth bank defences from the confluence of the Severn with the Clywedog and along Brook Street on the north, beyond High Street on the east, along Mount Street on the south, he suggested that the medieval castle with its bailey lay to the south in the area of Mount Street. However, the precise positioning of the Castle and earthen bank defences needs to be verified by archaeological evidence; the town prospered and was granted borough status at about this time, by 1309 there were 66 burgesses. Revival after the Glyndwr uprising was slow, but there were 59 taxpayers in 1545; the following centuries saw the growth of flannel production.
This was a cottage industry, the local products were sent to market in Shrewsbury. Towards the end of the 18th century, Llanidloes was the largest producer in Montgomeryshire, but after about 1810, with the introduction of factories, which brought all the processes under one roof, Newton overtook Llanidloes as the main centre; some of the three-storey houses with brick façades of this period would have housed weaving lofts on the upper storey Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of 1833 noted that there were forty carding engines, eighteen fulling mills and thirty-five thousand spindles.. Affording considerable employment in Llanidloes, but the new technology was far from profitable, the factory system led to increasing unrest, which culminated in the Chartist riots in 1839. Newtown, connected to the Montgomeryshire Canal in 1819, soon became the centre of the flannel industry in Wales with the opening of its Flannel Exchange in 1832. Llanidloes followed suit in 1838 when former Public Rooms in Great Oak Street were built by a local consortium as a Flannel Exchange.
Some owners Thomas Jones, who owned the Cambrian and Spring Mills, struggled to promote the Llanidloes flannel industry, but by 1913 the last mill had closed. Lead mining became the more profitable industry from 1865, when rich deposits were discovered at the Van mines. By 1876, the mines were among the most productive in the world, employing over 500. Important too was the town's iron foundry, established in 1851; this second phase of prosperity is well reflected in the townscape, most notably in the proliferation of fine chapels, built during the 1870s. Commercial success is reflected by the many fine shopfronts that survive from the part of the 19th century, but again decline set in: printing and tanning gained in importance, but the last of the mines closed in 1921. Little has changed since except the building of houses, including a Garden Suburb and a new school; the building of the by-pass in 1991, along the track of the former railway, has protected the town from the ravages of traffic.
Llanidloes has attractive tree-lined main streets planted in 1901, although many of the trees have been replaced. The vibrant community, pleasantly varied streetscape and attractive setting makes Llanidloes one of the nicest towns in Wales. Llanidloes was notorious as a focus of industrial unrest during the Chartist revolt in 1839, a campaign for democratic rights prompted by the collapse of the local textile industry. During the unrest, three local people were arrested and held in the Trewythen hotel on Great Oak Street until the protesters forced their release; the town was controlled by the protesters until a detachment of Shropshire Yeomanry arrived and restored Government authority. Ringleaders were arrested and sentenced to imprisonment or transportation; the parish church of St Idloes. The 15th century tower has walls of large stones 7 ft thick, a battered at the base and a NE stair-turret. There is an Early Perpendicular west doorway. Timbered belfry with pyramidal roof, dated to 1594 by tree rings.
Inside at belfry level a rib-vault with random slate infill. Street rebuilt the north aisle, reusing the early 16th century panel-traceried east window, rep