Regions of Italy
The regions of Italy are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy, constituting its second NUTS administrative level. There are 20 regions, of five are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes. Each region, except for the Aosta Valley, is divided into provinces, regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution. As the administrative districts of the state during the Kingdom of Italy. The original draft list comprised the Salento region and Venezia Giulia were separate regions, and Basilicata was named Lucania. Abruzzo and Molise were identified as regions in the first draft. They were merged into Abruzzo e Molise in the constitution of 1948. Implementation of regional autonomy was postponed until the first Regional Elections of 1970, the ruling Christian Democracy party did not want the opposition Italian Communist Party to gain power in the regions, where it was historically rooted. Regions acquired a significant level of autonomy following a reform in 2001.
In June 2006 the proposals, which had been associated with Lega Nord. The results varied considerably among the regions, ranging from 55. 3% in favour in Veneto to 82% against in Calabria, number of regions controlled by each coalition since 1995, Macroregions are the first-level NUTS of the European Union. These regions, whose statutes are approved by their councils, were created in 1970. Since the constitutional reform of 2001 they have had residual legislative powers, the regions have exclusive legislative power with respect to any matters not expressly reserved to state law. Yet their financial autonomy is quite modest, they just keep 20% of all levied taxes, Article 116 of the Italian Constitution grants to five regions home rule, acknowledging their powers in relation to legislation and finance. These regions became autonomous in order to take into account cultural differences, the government wanted to prevent their secession from Italy after the Second World War. Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol constitutes a special case, the region is nearly powerless, and the powers granted by the regions statute are mostly exercised by the two autonomous provinces within the region and South Tyrol.
In this case, the regional institution plays a coordinating role, the latter is directly elected by the citizens of each region, with the exceptions of Aosta Valley and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, where he is chosen by the regional council. Under the 1995 electoral law, the winning coalition receives a majority of seats on the council
Brera (district of Milan)
Brera is a district of Milan, Italy. It is located within the Zone 1 and it is centered on Brera street, the name stems from Medieval Italian braida or brera, derived from Old Lombardic brayda, meaning a land expanse either cleared of trees or naturally lacking them. This is because around the year 900, the Brera district was situated just outside Milans city walls and was clear for military reasons. The root of the word is the same as that of the Dutch city of Bredas name, other features that contribute to the character of Brera include restaurants, night clubs and art shops, colorful street markets, as well as fortune tellers booths. From 1998 to 2002 novelist Paolo Brera, along with Franco Brera and Francesca Brera and published the magazine Brera, devoted to the Brera district
Zone 1 of Milan
The Zone 1 of Milan is one of the 9 administrative zones of Milan, Italy. The zone includes the center of the city. It is the least populated of the zones and one of the smallest by area, a significant part of which is occupied by the Piazza del Duomo. Much of the remainder of the zone is dedicated to museums, the main landmark of this area is the Sforza Castle, which dominates the Simplon Park, the largest and most important city park in the centre of Milan. The park houses other renowned monuments and places of interest, such as the Branca Tower, the Palazzo dellArte, sculptures by Giorgio de Chirico, thanks to its central position, the Zona 1 houses some prominent educational institutions. In this area there are the buildings of two universities, University of Milan, founded in 1924, is located not so far from the Piazza del Duomo. At the end of the Second World War, the old Ospedale dei Poveri building, known as la Cà Granda, was assigned to the University. The building, one of the first Italian examples of civil architecture - commissioned in the 15th century by the Sforza family, the dukes of Milan - was seriously damaged by the bombings of 1943.
In 1958, after a series of reconstruction and renovation works, it became home to the University Rectors Office, the administrative offices. Brera Academy of Fine Arts, founded in 1776 by Maria Theresa of Austria, is located in the Brera district. These were housed in the Palazzo Brera, which was built in about 1615 to designs by Francesco Maria Richini and until the suppression of the Jesuits in 1773 had been a Jesuit college. Stations of Milan Metro in the Zona 1, Cairoli, Duomo, Porta Venezia, San Babila, Lanza, Crocetta, Missori, Porta Romana, Turati. The ZTL encompasses about 8.2 km2 and 77,000 residents, the area is accessible through 43 gates, monitored by video cameras. Area C started as an 18-month pilot program based on the implementation of the results of a referendum that took place on June 2011. Area C was definitively approved as a permanent program on 27 March 2013, media related to Zone 1 of Milan at Wikimedia Commons Zone 1 of Milan
Piazzale Loreto is a major town square Milan, Italy. The name Loreto is used in a sense to refer to the district surrounding the square. The name Loreto derives from an old sanctuary that used to be there, the Milan metro Loreto station on line 1 is located partially underneath the square, it is an important transfer station with line 2. The tracks and platforms of this line are located, however. Piazzale Loreto was the scene of one of the most well-known events in the history of Italy, namely the public display of Benito Mussolinis corpse on 29 April 1945. The day before, his mistress Clara Petacci and some other high-ranking Fascists had been captured and their bodies were taken to Milan and hung upside down from the roof of an Esso petrol station in the square. Also on 29 April 1945 Achille Starace was taken to the square, the body of Starace was subsequently strung up next to Mussolinis. The bodies were photographed as a crowd vented their rage upon them, the square had even been renamed Piazza Quindici Martiri in honor of the executed.
After the war, the appearance of the square was changed to adjust to the road traffic of the city. So today it is difficult to locate the exact spot where the bodies were displayed
Milano Santa Giulia
As the construction is still in progress, the district is not formally recognized as such, and its area is still referred to as being part of Rogoredo and Taliedo. The area where Milano Santa Giulia is being built is a 296 acres wide former industrial zone, for this reason, the district is nicknamed Montecity, after Montedison. The leading architect of the Milano Santa Giulia project is Norman Foster, the ex-Montedison area is intended to become been a luxury residential area, with a prestigious shopping mall, congress facilities, and a church designed by Peter Zumthor. The district will accommodate up to 60,000 residents and comprise retail stores as well as leisure areas, offices, a conference center, a school, and a church are planned, surrounding a large central green area. Public art in the area has been commissioned to sculptor Anish Kapoor, the district will be connected to Milan by the Paullese as well as the Tangenziale Est ring road. The nearby Rogoredo railway station, and Milan Metro station, will serve the new district.
The development of a tramway from the station across the whole district is part of the plan. Construction in the area has experienced both financial and legal problems, and has been suspended. In the ex-Redaelli area, bordering on the Rogoredo district and office buildings have been constructed, Rogoredo Official site of the Santa Giulia project Milano Santa Giulia district council
The Milan Metro is the rapid transit system serving Milan, operated by Azienda Trasporti Milanesi. The network consists of 4 lines, identified by different numbers and colors, with a network length of 101 kilometres. It has a ridership of 1.15 million. The first line, the red one, opened in 1964, the line opened 5 years in 1969, the yellow line in 1990. A fifth line is currently under construction, Milan Metro is currently the first system in Italy for length, number of stations and ridership. The architectural project, by Franco Albini, Franca Helg and Bob Noorda, was awarded in 1964 with a Compasso doro, the most prestigious award for Design in Italy. The first projects for a line in Milan were drawn up in 1914 and 1925, following the examples of underground transport networks in other European cities like London. Planning proceeded in 1938 for the construction of a system of 7 lines, the project was funded with ₤500 million from the municipality and the rest from a loan. The construction site of the first line was opened in viale Monte Rosa on 4 May 1957, stations on the new line were designed by Franco Albini and Franca Helg architecture studio, while Bob Noorda designed the signage.
For this project both Albini-Helg and Noorda won the Compasso DOro prize, the first section from Lotto to Sesto Marelli was opened on 1 November 1964, after 7 years of construction works. The track was 12.5 km long, and the distance between the stations was 590 m. In the same year, in April, works on the line started. Passengers on the network grew constantly through the first years of service, the green line from Caiazzo to Cascina Gobba opened five years later. During the 1960s and 1970s the network of 2 lines was completed, in 1978, the lines were already 17.6 km and 23 km long respectively, with 28 and 22 stations. The first section of the line, with 5 stations, was opened on 3 May 1990 after almost 9 years of construction works. The line opened just before the World Cup, the other 9 stations on Line 3 opened to the southeast in 1991, and northwest to Maciachini Station in 2004. In March 2005 the Line 2 Abbiategrasso station and the Line 1 Rho Fiera station opened, the intermediate station of Pero opened on December 2005.
A north extension of Line 3 to Comasina and a new branch on the Line 2 to Assago opened in early 2011
Porta Sempione is a city gate of Milan, Italy. The name Porta Sempione is used both to refer to the proper and to the surrounding district, a part of the Zone 1 division. The gate is marked by a triumphal arch called Arco della Pace, dating back to the 19th century. A gate that roughly corresponds to modern Porta Sempione was already part of Roman walls of Milan and it was called Porta Giovia and was located at the end of modern Via San Giovanni sul Muro. At the time, the gate was meant to control an important road leading to what is now Castelseprio, in the Middle Ages, part of the Roman walls in the Porta Sempione area were adapted as part of the new walls. The gate itself was moved north, in a place that is now occupied by the Sforza Castle, the Castle itself was completed in the 15th Century, under Duke Filippo Maria Visconti, and the gate itself became part of the Castle. In 1807, under the Napoleonic rule, the Arch of Peace was built by architect Luigi Cagnola and this new gate marked the place where the new Strada del Sempione entered Milan.
This road, which is still in use today, connects Milan to Paris through the Simplon Pass crossing the Alps, at the time, the gate was still called Porta Giovia. When the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy fell and Milan was conquered by the Austrian Empire, the gate was not yet completed, and the construction was abandoned for a while. The construction of the Arch was resumed, again by Cagnola, in 1826, for Emperor Francis II, when Cagnola died in 1833, his project was taken over by Francesco Londonio and Francesco Peverelli, who brought it to completion in 1838. The gate was the scene of prominent events in the Milanese history of the 19th century. On 22 March 1848, the Austrian army led by marshal Josef Radetzky escaped from Milan through Porta Giovia after being defeated in the Five Days of Milan rebellion. On 8 June 1859, four days after the Battle of Magenta, Napoleon III, the Simplon Gate is located at the center of a wide round square known as Piazza Sempione. It is adjacent to the Simplon Park, the city park of Milan.
It is neoclassical triumphal arch,25 m high and 24 m wide, decorated with a number of bas-reliefs, bas-reliefs and statues are made of a variety of materials, including marble, bronze and stucco. Other decorations have classical mythology subjects such as Mars, Minerva, there are a group of statues that are allegories of major rivers in North Italy such as the Po, the Adige and the Ticino. At the sides of the Arch of Peace there are two rectangular buildings that used to be the customs office. The area surrounding Porta Sempione is a prominent historic district of Milan, the district includes part of Corso Sempione, a large avenue leading to Porta Sempione from the northwest
Zones of Milan
The current administrative division of Milan, Italy comprises nine zones numbered from 1 to 9. The organization was established in 1997, implemented in 1999 and reformed in 2016, each borough has a local government called Consiglio di Municipio. The council has 41 members for boroughs exceeding 100,000 inhabitants and these opinions are not binding for the higher level city government. Managing funds provided by the city government for specific purposes, such as those intended to guarantee the right to education for poorer families, while boroughs are mostly referred to by number, each borough has an official name, usually a list of its main districts or areas. Current boroughs are described in the table below, along with their names and population, media related to Subdivisions of Milan at Wikimedia Commons
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria, San Marino, Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate and Mediterranean climate. Due to its shape, it is referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state, the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, exploration, Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo and Machiavelli. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France and Austria.
Despite being one of the victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil. The subsequent participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in defeat, economic destruction. Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and it has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs, as a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country. The assumptions on the etymology of the name Italia are very numerous, according to one of the more common explanations, the term Italia, from Latin, was borrowed through Greek from the Oscan Víteliú, meaning land of young cattle. The bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War. Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with the legend that Italy was named after Italus, mentioned by Aristotle and Thucydides.
The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy – according to Antiochus of Syracuse, but by his time Oenotria and Italy had become synonymous, and the name applied to most of Lucania as well. The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, excavations throughout Italy revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 200,000 years ago, modern Humans arrived about 40,000 years ago. Other ancient Italian peoples of undetermined language families but of possible origins include the Rhaetian people and Cammuni. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily, the Roman legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world