Ciril Kosmač was a Slovenian novelist and screenwriter. He was born in a Slovene family in the village of Slap ob Idrijci near Sveta Lucija, in what was the Austro-Hungarian County of Gorizia and Gradisca, he attended high school in Gorizia. In the late 1920s, when his native region was part of Italy, Kosmač joined the militant anti-fascist organization TIGR. In 1930, he released the next year, he fled to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, settled in Ljubljana. In 1938, he was granted a scholarship by the French government, he moved to Paris, where he worked for the Yugoslav embassy. In 1940, he fled to London. In 1943, he went to Cairo, in 1944 to Nazi-occupied Yugoslavia, where he joined the Yugoslav partisan resistance. After World War II, he worked as a reporter and a screenplayer for the emerging Slovenian film production industry. Among other, he wrote the screenplay for the film On Our Own Land. In 1956, he settled in the coastal resort town of Portorož. In 1961, he became a member of the Slovenian Academy of Arts.
He died in Ljubljana, was buried in his native village. In 1980, he was posthumously granted the Prešeren Award, the highest award for artistic achievement in Slovenia. Kosmač is renowned for his short stories, which are praised for their subtle psychological depth, he started writing in the late 1930s, publishing short stories in the literary journal Sodobnost, edited by the literary critic Josip Vidmar. His early works show an affinity to other contemporary Slovene authors who embraced a style known as social realism: Prežihov Voranc, Miško Kranjec, Anton Ingolič, Tone Seliškar, Mile Klopčič, Bratko Kreft, Ivan Potrč and others. After World War II, he turned away from social realism, was among the first Slovene authors to include modernist features in his prose surrealism, his prose, which he is most renowned for, has been considered a type of magical realism
Karen LeCraft Henderson is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and a former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina. Born and raised in Oberlin, Henderson received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Duke University in 1966 and a Juris Doctor from the University of North Carolina School of Law in 1969. Henderson entered private practice in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. From 1973 to 1983, she was with the Office of the South Carolina Attorney General in the position of Deputy Attorney General. In 1983, she returned to private practice as a member of the firm of Sinkler, Gibbs & Simons of Charleston and Columbia, South Carolina. On June 3, 1986, Henderson was nominated by President Ronald Reagan to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina vacated by Judge William Walter Wilkins, she was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 13, 1986, received her commission on June 16, 1986.
Her service terminated on July 1990, due to elevation to the District of Columbia Circuit. On May 8, 1990, President George H. W. Bush nominated Henderson to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, vacated by the resignation of Kenneth Starr to become Solicitor General of the United States; the Senate confirmed Henderson on June 28, 1990 by unanimous consent, she received her commission on July 5, 1990. In Parker, et al. v. District of Columbia Henderson authored a dissent in which she wrote "the right of the people to keep and bear arms relates to those Militia whose continued vitality is required to safeguard the individual States." She wrote that "the Constitution, case law and applicable statutes all establish that the District is not a state within the meaning of the Second Amendment". In Rasul v. Myers, Henderson wrote for the majority when it found that British detainees at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp could not sue the government under the Alien Tort Statute, the Geneva Conventions, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act for alleged torture and denial of religious free expression.
The case was the first federal appeals court decision involving the treatment of terrorism suspects in the wake of the September 11 attacks. In March 2017, Henderson found that the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act prevented an Ethiopian dissident living with asylum in the United States from suing the Ethiopian government for infecting his home computer with FinSpy spyware and surveilling him in Maryland. In August 2018, Henderson wrote for the unanimous panel with it again rejected Guantanamo Bay detainee Moath Hamza Ahmed al Alawi's petition for habeas corpus, reasoned that the Authorization for Use of Military Force of 2001 had not expired, that the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 had further authorized detentions, that the international law of war permitted detention of enemy combatants as long as "active combat" continued. In February 2020, Henderson joined the opinion of Circuit Judge Thomas B. Griffith when the majority held that the United States House Committee on the Judiciary could not enforce a subpoena upon President Trump's former White House Counsel, Don McGahn.
Henderson wrote a concurrence arguing that the House did not have standing to sue here, while Circuit Judge Judith W. Rogers wrote a dissent. Karen L. Henderson at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Appearances on C-SPAN National Review, Article dated March 29, 2007
The mean effective pressure is a quantity relating to the operation of a reciprocating engine and is a valuable measure of an engine's capacity to do work, independent of engine displacement. When quoted as an indicated mean effective pressure or IMEP, it may be thought of as the average pressure acting on a piston during the different portions of its cycle. Let: W = work per cycle in joule; the power produced by the engine is equal to the work done per operating cycle times the number of operating cycles per second. If N is the number of revolutions per second, n c is the number of revolutions per power stroke, the number of power strokes per second is just their ratio. We can write: P = W N n c. Reordering to put work on the left: W = P n c N. By definition: W = p m e V d, so that p m e = P n c V d N. Since the torque T is related to the angular speed and power produced, P = 2 π T N the equation for MEP in terms of torque is: p m e = 2 π n c T V d. Notice that speed has dropped out of the equation, the only variables are the torque and displacement volume.
Since the range of maximum brake mean effective pressures for good engine designs is well established, we now have a displacement-independent measure of the torque-producing capacity of an engine design -- a specific torque of sorts. This is useful for comparing engines of different displacements. Mean effective pressure is useful for initial design calculations. However, it is important to remember that mean effective pressure does not reflect the actual pressures inside an individual combustion chamber—although the two are related—and serves only as a convenient measure of performance. Brake mean. Net indicated. Sometimes the term FMEP is used as an indicator of the mean effective pressure lost to friction, is just the difference between IMEPn and BMEP. Mean effective pressure is defined by the location measurement and method of calculation, some used MEPs are given here. Brake mean effective pressure - Mean effective pressure calculated from measured brake torque. Gross indicated mean effective pressure - Mean effective pressure calculated from in-cylinder pressure over compression and expansion portion of engine cycle.
Direct measurement requires cylinder pressure sensing equipment. Net indicated mean effective pressure - Mean effective pressure calculated from in-cylinder pressure over the complete engine cycle. Direct measurement requires cylinder pressure sensing equipment. Pumping mean effective pressure - Mean effective pressure from work moving air in and out of the cylinder, across the intake and exhaust valves. Calculated from in-cylinder pressure over intake and exhaust portions of engine cycle. Direct measurement requires cylinder pressure sensing equipment. PMEP = IMEPg - IMEPn. Friction mean effective pressure - Theoretical mean effective pressure required to overcome engine friction, can be thought of as mean effective pressure lost due to friction. Friction mean effective pressure calculation requires accurate measurement of cylinder pressure and dynamometer brake torque. FMEP = IMEPn - BMEP. Petrol Engines: Naturally aspirated spark-ignition engines: current VW petrol engines maximum MEP range from 11.6 to 13.3 bar, 10.1 to 11.4 bar at maximum power.
28-cylinder Pratt & Whitney R-4360 Wasp Major with 115/145 Octane World War II avgas, 3,600 HP at 2,700 rpm and 17.2 bar BMEP. Napier Sabre 7, at peak HP, 3055 HP at 3850rpm, 19.4 bar BMEP Rolls-Royce Merlin 130/131, at peak HP, 2030 HP at 2900rpm, 23.1 bar BMEP Boosted spark ignition engines: current VW petrol engines maximum MEP range from 16.4 to 23.1 bar, 15.3 to 19.3 bar at maximum power. High boost engines s
The black-throated gray warbler or black-throated grey warbler is a passerine bird of the New World warbler family Parulidae. It has gray and white plumage with black markings; the male has the bold black throat of its name, black stripes on its head, as well as black streaks on its flanks. It breeds in western North America from British Columbia to New Mexico, winters in Mexico and the southwestern United States; the habitats it prefers are coniferous and mixed forests and scrubland those with pinyon pines, junipers and oaks. Its nest is an open cup of plant fibers lined with feathers, built a few metres from the ground in the branches of a tree or shrub. Three to five eggs are laid, young are fed by both parents. Common in its breeding range, it does not seem to be threatened by human activities, unlike many migratory warblers; the black-throated gray warbler has black and white plumage, soft, lacking gloss. With its striping and the small yellow spot between its eye and bill, it is a distinctive bird.
The sexes differ both having gray upperparts with black streaks, white underparts with black streaks on the flanks. The adult male is striped with a black on the crown and below the eye, has white around its chin and above its eye; the adult female has more dingy plumage with a white throat and dark gray cheeks. The most similar birds to the black-throated gray warbler are the black-and-white and blackpoll warblers, which although marked in black have different plumage patterns, it is 13 cm long, weighing 8.4 g. Wing lengths are 5.6–6.9 cm, tail lengths 4.7–5.5 cm, bill lengths 8.4–9.6 mm, tarsus lengths 1.66–1.88 cm, with females smaller than males. This bird gives a sharp tup or thick call, like that of Townsend's warbler but flat and unmusical, as well as a high see flight call; the male's song is a series of buzzy notes, with the earlier notes doubled and the next to last note high. This song has three variations, including a quiet "soft song" given by the males while following females gathering material for a nest.
The black-throated gray warbler was first described by John Kirk Townsend from a specimen collected near today's Portland, Oregon. It was known to the Chinook inhabitants of the northwest coast. Townsend described the species as Sylvia nigrescens, placing it with the other New World warblers and the unrelated Old World warblers in the genus Sylvia, it is now placed in the genus Setophaga along with about thirty other species, after having been classified in Dendroica for some time. Within its genus, it is part of a group with black throats and yellow face markings that includes the hermit warbler and Townsend's warbler, it is considered an early offshoot among this group of species, but genetic studies suggest a close relation to Grace's warbler. Of these relatives, the range of the black-throated gray warbler overlaps with those of Townsend's warbler and the hermit warbler, but they occur in different habitats. While Townsend's and hermit warblers hybridize with each other, records of either species hybridizing with the black-throated gray warbler are uncommon.
There are two subspecies, which are similar and of dubious validity. The nominate subspecies S. n. nigrescens occurs on the Pacific coastal region from British Columbia to northern California, while S. n. halseii, described by Giraud in 1841, occupies the inland parts of its range. S. n. halseii birds are larger and more gray in their upperparts. The black-throated gray warbler breeds in western North America, its range extending from southwestern British Columbia along the Pacific coast to northern Baja California, east to New Mexico and southern Montana, it winters in Mexico, from southern Baja California to Oaxaca state. It has spread into parts of Wyoming and Montana only as Juniperus osteosperma has expanded its range due to a warming climate. Vagrants have been recorded in Cuba; the black-throated gray warbler breeds in open coniferous and mixed forest with a brushy understory, in dry open oak forests, in chaparral and other scrubland. It is associated with pinyon pines and oaks, it migrates to the south late in the fall.
While migrating, it forages in any scrub it passes through. In its wintering grounds, it occurs in dry tall scrub. Though its status is not well known, it does not appear to be threatened by habitat destruction or other human activities, unlike many migratory warblers, it is a common bird, among the most common in some localities. Because it is common and not in rapid decline, it is assessed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List; the black-throated gray warbler is approachable, can be observed while foraging. Despite this, it is poorly known in its breeding behavior, of which Birds of North America said "almost no information is available", it forages in flocks with other species. It feeds on insects gleaned on low branches caterpillars; the nest is placed on a horizontal tree branch or in a shrub, a few metres above the ground. The nest is an open cup constructed of grass stalks and other fibres, lined with feathers and hair; the female lays three to five pinkish eggs with brown dots from May to July.
Incubation and fledging periods are unknown. This species has been recorded giving a distraction display, pretending to be injured to distract
Ma Teng, courtesy name Shoucheng, was a warlord who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. He controlled Liang Province with Han Sui. Ma Teng and Han Sui were involved in efforts to gain autonomy from the Han central government. Descendant of Ma Yuan, Ma Teng was from Fufeng Commandery, his father, Ma Ping, was a minor official in Tianshui Commandery, but because of some dispute he was dismissed from his post, went to live among the Qiang people. Ma Teng made a living selling firewood he collected in the mountains. After growing up, his height was said to have been over eight chi, he was said to have been fierce in appearance, but kind to others and respected by many. In 184, during the final years of Emperor Ling's reign, the Qiang people in Liang Province rose up against the local government under Beigong Yu and Liwen Hou, they were joined by members of the local gentry Han Bian Zhang. The official Han governor of Liang Province, Geng Bi, gathered forces to put down the rebellion, Ma Teng volunteered as a foot soldier.
His skills in battle against the rebels were recognised and he rose through the ranks of the soldiery. However, when Geng Bi was killed in battle by the rebel army, Ma Teng switched sides and joined Han Sui; the rebellion was suppressed by the Han general Huangfu Song but Ma Teng escaped along with the rebels. In the end, the central government granted military titles to some of the rebel leaders in order to appease them; when Li Jue and Guo Si seized power over Chang'an after Dong Zhuo's assassination, Ma Teng and Han Sui at first pledged allegiance to them, were appointed as General who Attacks the West and General who Guards the West respectively. However, the relationship between the two sides soured, Ma Teng and Han Sui led their armies in an attempt to seize Chang'an, they allied themselves with the warlord Liu Yan, but suffered defeats from the hands of Li Jue's forces led by Guo Si, Fan Chou and Li Li. Not only was the loss of 10,000 soldiers a heavy blow to the morale of the allied forces, they faced a supply shortage at the time, so the eloquent Han Sui asked Fan Chou for a private talk, during which Han Sui persuaded Fan Chou to abort the pursuit because they shared the same hometown.
The allied forces retreated back to Liang Province safely. Although Ma Teng was on good terms with Han Sui, the two went to war against each other over control of Liang Province; the fighting escalated to a point where they were killing children. Cao Cao, who at this point had decisively defeated Yuan Shao at the Battle of Guandu, brokered peace between Ma Teng and Han Sui, who pledged allegiance to the Han dynasty and sent troops to assist Cao Cao in defeating Yuan Shao's successors and remnants. After this, Ma Teng was summoned to Ye city with most of his family, was appointed Minister of the Guards, his eldest son, Ma Chao, remained behind in Liang Province with Han Sui. Around early 211, Ma Chao secretly formed a coalition with Han Sui and other minor warlords in Liang Province and started a rebellion against the Han dynasty. While persuading Han Sui to join him, Ma Chao said, " Now, I abandon my father, I'm willing to acknowledge you as my father. You should abandon your son, treat me like your son."
Cao Cao defeated Ma Chao and his coalition at the Battle of Tong Pass in September 211. Sometime in the summer of 212, Emperor Xian issued an imperial decree ordering the execution of Ma Teng and the rest of his family who were with him in Ye city at the time. In the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Ma Teng is portrayed as a loyalist of the declining Han dynasty, he participates a plot with Liu Bei and Dong Cheng to assassinate Cao Cao, who in the novel, is depicted as a villain monopolising power and holding Emperor Xian hostage. However, the plot is unsuccessful and Ma Teng returns to Liang Province; when Ma Teng is recalled to the imperial capital Xuchang, he decides to again join a plot to assassinate Cao Cao, this time with Huang Kui. However, the plot is discovered and he is executed along with his sons Ma Xiu and Ma Tie. Upon hearing of his father and brothers' deaths, Ma Chao becomes filled with rage and goes to war with Cao Cao to avenge his family, starting the Battle of Tong Pass.
Lists of people of the Three Kingdoms Chen, Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms. de Crespigny, Rafe. A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms 23-220 AD. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 9789004156050. Fan, Ye. Book of the Later Han. Luo, Guanzhong. Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Pei, Songzhi. Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms. Sima, Guang. Zizhi Tongjian
Day of Reckoning is the second album by Virginia doom metal band Pentagram. It was released in 1987 by Napalm Records, it was re-released by Peaceville Records in 1993, in 1996 as part of a two-disc split CD with Relentless, again in 2005 as a digipak CD. Joe Hasselvander played drums on only one track, "Burning Savior", with Stuart Rose recording the drums on all the rest. Hasselvander re-recorded drums on all tracks for the 1993 Peaceville reissue; the original mixes with Rose on drums only appear on the Napalm Records vinyl version and an original cassette edition made in Canada, have never appeared on CD. "Day of Reckoning" - 2:43 "Broken Vows" - 4:38 "Madman" - 4:37 "When the Screams Come" - 3:42 "Burning Savior" - 9:08 "Evil Seed" - 4:17 "Wartime" - 5:25 "Day of Reckoning" - 2:43 "Evil Seed" - 4:39 "Broken Vows" - 4:38 "When the Screams Come" - 3:43 "Burning Savior" - 9:08 "Madman" - 4:18 "Wartime" - 5:22 Bobby Liebling - vocals Victor Griffin - guitar Martin Swaney - bass Joe Hasselvander - drums Stuart Rose - drums