Schempp-Hirth Standard Cirrus
The Standard Cirrus is a German Standard-class glider built by Schempp-Hirth. The Standard Cirrus was produced between 1969 and 1985; the Standard Cirrus was designed by Dipl. Ing. Klaus Holighaus and flew for the first time in March 1969, it is a Standard Class glider with no camber-changing flaps. The all-moving tailplane, a feature of many designs of that period due to its theoretically higher efficiency, caused less than desirable high-speed stability characteristics, so modifications were made to the early design. So, the glider is still sensitive in pitch; the aircraft built before 1972 have a washout of -0.75 degrees. The washout was increased to -1.5 degrees which improved low-speed performance and response at slow speed. Improvements were made with the Standard Cirrus 75; these included better air-brakes with an increased frontal area. By April 1977, when production by Schempp-Hirth ended, a total of 700 Standard Cirruses had been built, including 200 built under licence by Grob between 1972 and July 1975.
A French firm, Lanaverre Industrie, had built 38 Standard Cirruses under licence by 1979. VTC of Yugoslavia licence-built Standard Cirruses, reaching 100 by 1985. All models of Cirrus have proved popular in recent years in Club Class Competitions worldwide; the Cirrus was superseded by the Discus in 1984. Cirrus BThe Cirrus B is based on the Standard Cirrus 75 but with interchangeable wingtips giving a span of either 15m or 16m. Cirrus KThe two Cirrus K have a reduced span, larger ailerons, a cross tail with larger elevator, a strengthened fuselage which make them suitable for aerobatics; this modification was initiated by Wilhelm Düerkop in the late 1980s. Wolfgang Seitz took part in the 1995 World Glider Aerobatic Championships with a Cirrus K. G/81The last Cirrus model was the G/81 built by VTC until 1985; this incorporated a longer fuselage and canopy, a conventional tailplane and elevator with the wings of the Cirrus 75. General characteristics Crew: One Capacity: 80 kg water ballast Length: 6.35 m Wingspan: 15.00 m Height: 1.32 m Wing area: 10.0 m2 Aspect ratio: 22.5 Wing profile: FX S-02-196 modified Empty weight: ca. 215 kg Gross weight: 390 kg Performance Maximum speed: 220 km/h Maximum glide ratio: 38.5 Rate of sink: 0.6 m/s Armament Aircraft of comparable role and era Grob G102 Astir Schleicher ASW 15 Related lists List of gliders Schempp-Hirth Website Standard Cirrus Web Page Coates A.
Janes World Sailplanes and Motor Gliders, Janes,1980, ISBN 0-7106-0017-8, pg. 85 Simons M, Segelflugzeuge 1965-2000, Eqip, 2004 Sailplane Directory American narrative of World Championships
In botany, a tendril is a specialized stem, leaves or petiole with a threadlike shape, used by climbing plants for support and cellular invasion by parasitic plants by twining around suitable hosts found by touch. They do not have a lamina or blade, they can be formed from modified shoots, modified leaves, or auxiliary branches and are sensitive to chemicals determining the direction of growth, as in species of Cuscuta. The earliest and most comprehensive study of tendrils was Charles Darwin's monograph On the Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants, published in 1865; this work coined the term circumnutation to describe the motion of growing stems and tendrils seeking supports. Darwin observed the phenomenon now known as tendril perversion, in which tendrils adopt the shape of two sections of counter-twisted helices with a transition in the middle. In the garden pea, it is only the terminal leaflets. In other plants such as the yellow vetch, the whole leaf is modified to become tendrils while the stipules become enlarged and carry out photosynthesis.
Still others use the rachis of a compound leaf such as members of the genus Clematis. The specialised pitcher traps of Nepenthes plants form on the end of tendrils; the tendrils of aerial pitchers are coiled in the middle. If the tendril comes into contact with an object for long enough it will curl around it, forming a strong anchor point for the pitcher. In this way, the tendrils help to support the growing stem of the plant. Tendrils of Cuscuta, a parasitic plant, are guided by airborne chemicals, only twine around suitable hosts. Although tendrils twine around hosts based on touch perception, plants have a form of self-discrimination and will avoid twining around themselves - demonstrating chemotropism based on chemoreception. ExcitingNature.com - Tendril in Thigmotropism Media related to Tendrils at Wikimedia Commons
"Cirrus" is a 2013 instrumental performed and produced by British musician, producer and DJ Bonobo. Released as the first single from his fifth studio album The North Borders, the song did not chart but in 2014 the song was featured in a Vodafone advert; the song premiered on Giles Peterson's BBC Radio 6 show on 19 January 2013. It was released on 2 April 2013 in North America. "Cirrus" was performed and produced by Bonobo. The song contains complicated live instrumentation; the song was released as the first single from his fifth studio album The North Borders. It premiered on Giles Peterson's BBC Radio 6 show on 19 January 2013; the track was released on 2 April 2013 in North America. Although the song did not chart, the song was featured in a Vodafone advert in 2014; the song has appeared in ads for Google's DevArt initiative and on AMC's Halt and Catch Fire The song has been met with positive critical reception. A writer for Fact magazine called the track "a twinkling slice of fairy-light house", noting it to be "delicate" while containing a "slightly steelier edge" that deviates from his style.
Jason Grishkoff from Indie Shuffle found the song "pursuing the same sound" of his previous four albums, characterizing it as "absolutely perfect" for San Francisco rain. Phillip Yung of Earmilk stated the track "immediately" gives the listener "a spacey organic feel" and found the slide bass during the middle to give it "much anticipated weight", while Amy Heaton of Kaltblut magazine wrote the song was "the perfect soundtrack" to come out of hibernation to, calling it "one big loop of elation". A music video was created for the song by Cyriak on 24 January 2013; the video manipulates footage from American Thrift, a public domain film from 1962 depicting American consumerism. Cyriak borrowed inspiration from Zbigniew Rybczyński's film Tango, obtained the film through the Prelinger Archives through the Internet Archive, calling it "a goldmine for us video artists." The video clocks in at 3:23. Critical reception for the video has been positive. Andrew Tarantola of Gizmodo reckoned it would be "what doing acid with the Beav would be like"
In biology, a cirrus SIRR-əs, plural cirri, SIRR-eye, is a long, thin structure in an animal similar to a tentacle but lacking the tentacle's strength, flexibility and sensitivity. In the sheep liver fluke, for example, the cirrus is the worm's muscular penis and when not in use is retained within a cirrus sac or pouch near the animal's head; the same structure exists in the various Taenia species of tapeworm. In the clam worms, the cirrus is the tentacular process or growth on each of the feet, either the dorsal cirrus or the ventral cirrus, has nothing to do with reproduction. Among the ribbonworms, the caudal cirrus is a small thread-like growth at the posterior end of the worm. Among the bristleworms, a cirrus is a tentacular growth near the head or notopodium containing sense organs and may be either dorsal, ventral, or lamellar. Among feather stars or barnacles, a cirrus is feeding appendage. In sea lilies, the cirri are the thin strands. Among the tube blennies, a cirrus is a long growth extending from above the eye or extending below the neck-region.
In a nautilus, each of the animal's tentacles is composed of a thin flexible cirrus and the corresponding hardened and protective cirrus sheath into which the cirri may be withdrawn
The Chrysler Cirrus is a mid-sized 4-door notchback sedan introduced by Chrysler motors for the 1995 model year. Built on the Chrysler JA platform, the 4-door notchback sedan joined Chrylser's roster of "Cloud Car" models drawing their names names from meteorological terms, including the mid-priced Dodge Stratus it was based on introduced at the same time, the low-priced Plymouth Breeze variant a year later. Development of the Cirrus started in 1991, with the goal of creating an affordable, expressive looking, fun to drive vehicle, still safe enough to transport an everyday family. Flaunting the latter core criterion, the concept show vehicle featured rear suicide doors and a 400 hp turbocharged 3.0-liter two stroke engine. Both the concept and production model used the Chrysler Corporation's new cab-forward design, launched on the larger LH sedans in 1992; this three-box design was characterized by a large passenger cabin in proportion to comparatively short hood and trunk, highlighted by a long slanted windshield and short overhangs.
Pushing the wheels further to the corners of the body created a much larger cabin than most other sized vehicles of that time. The a four-door notchback sedan was designed with flowing lines with no distinct beginning or end, but resembled a two-box fastback. Design work was done during 1991, with the final version moved on for production by 1992; the Cirrus was introduced for 1995 as replacement for the Chrysler LeBaron sedan. It was compared to other smaller mid-size cars such as the Chevrolet Malibu, yet judged roomier than the Ford Contour by many magazines such as Consumer Reports; the exteriors of the Chrysler Cirrus, Dodge Stratus, Plymouth Breeze were similar, with the front fascia, rear bumper and wheels being the main differences. The interiors had little variation between the three models; the fascias of each JA car corresponds with each brand's minivan offering, sharing headlights and grille designs. All three variants of the platform were available with most of the same standard features: four-wheel independent suspension, air conditioning, tilt steering wheel, driver and front-passenger air bags and available options, such as the following: an optional four-speed automatic transmission, anti-lock brakes, cruise control, power windows, power door locks, power mirrors, sunroof.
A five-speed manual was available with the 2.0 L. The 2.4 L was not offered in a manual because of its high torque and difficult drivability issues due to wheel spinning. The Cirrus was available in two trim levels: the well-equipped base LX and the luxury LXi. Both models featured sporty, black twin-post side mirrors, fog lights, the same bodyside mouldings, chrome bumper accents, an automatic transmission and a low extending waterfall grille, either chrome or body colored depending on color of the vehicle; the Cirrus was one of the first Chrysler vehicles to feature the rose medallion logo, which had not been used in 41 years. From 1994 to 1997, the Cirrus was offered in two trim levels: the luxury LXi; the LX model was dropped for the 1998 model year, but returned in 2000 to compensate for the Plymouth Breeze, discontinued early in the 2000 model year. It was replaced by the 2001 Dodge Stratus sedan. LX • 1995–1997, it included the following standard equipment: a 2.4L Inline Four-Cylinder engine, a four-speed automatic transmission, black steel wheels with plastic wheel covers, an A/M-F/M stereo with cassette player and six speakers, air conditioning, full instrumentation, power windows and door locks, exterior color-keyed side mirrors and door handles, premium cloth seats.
LXi: The LXi was the top-of-the-line Chrysler Cirrus trim level. It added the following equipment to the well-equipped LX trim level: alloy wheels, a premium A/M-F/M stereo with cassette player and integrated CD changer controls, keyless entry, chrome accents, a premium front grille, woodgrain interior trim. 2.4 L I4 2.5 L V6 1995: The all-new Chrysler Cirrus sedan is launched in the United States and Canada in late 1994. 1996: Rear headrests were added. 1997: The 4-cylinder engine was made standard in both models, with the V6 as an option. The interior gained a new center console with integrated armrest. 1998: The 4-cylinder engine and the LX trim level were eliminated, leaving only V6 LXi models. 1999: For its fifth model year, the Cirrus received a redesigned open grille with Chrysler's new winged grille badge. Chrysler's Sentry Key system was a new option. Sentry Key disabled the ignition. Standard 15-inch wheel covers could be upgraded to new 15-inch alloy wheels. Cirrus was the only one of the JA "cloud cars" to receive any form of facelift over the course of its production.
2000: For its final model year, the 4-cylinder LX model returned to join the V6-powered LXi sedan. Optional rear child seat anchorages, aluminum wheels, an 8-speaker AM/FM radio stereo were now listed as standard features; the last Chrysler Cirrus rolled off the assembly line on June 13, 2000. The Plymouth Breeze was released in 1995 as a 1996 model. Although it did not match the sales of its predecessor, the Acclaim, the Breeze did manage to sell over 230,000 units and total production was greater than that of its Chrysler Cirrus sibling, produced for nearly two additional years; as part of Chrysler's new marketing strategy which addressed concerns that its brands were treading into each
Cirrus (Helsinki building)
Cirrus is a high-rise cooperative apartment building in Helsinki, the capital of Finland. Cirrus is the second tallest building in Finland with a height of 86 meters; the building, located in Vuosaari in East Helsinki, has 28 floors and 140 apartments. The proposal for this building included a public observation terrace and cafe, but they were never built; the building was designed by the Finnish architect company YIT Group and construction commenced in early 2005. The building reached its final height on 15 March 2006; the roof was part of the setting of the music video of Finnish rock band Poets of the Fall's 2010 single Dreaming Wide Awake. List of tallest buildings in Finland
Cirrus Airlines Luftfahrtgesellschaft mbH was a German regional airline with its head office in Hallbergmoos and its maintenance facilities at Saarbrücken Airport. It operated both charter and scheduled flights, the latter on behalf of Lufthansa, Swiss International Air Lines and Air Moldova, its main bases and hubs were Mannheim City Airport. Cirrus Airlines was founded in February 1995 as Cirrus Luftfahrtgesellschaft mbH and operated an executive charter business. In March 1998, Cirrus Airlines received its licence to operate scheduled passenger services between Saarbrücken Airport and Hamburg. In August 1999, Cirrus Airlines took over Cosmos Air, it´s Dornier 328 and route between Mannheim and Berlin Tempelhof. In February 2000, upon the 5th anniversary of Cirrus Airlines, it established a cooperative partnership with German-owned Lufthansa and became a Team Lufthansa franchise member. In April that year, Cirrus received licences to operate scheduled service between Mannheim City Airport and Hamburg Airport and between Berlin and Sylt.
Cirrus expanded its business, with scheduled services operating from Saarbrücken Airport and Mannheim City Airport to domestic destinations. The following years the airline started do decentralize it´s operations flying low-density point-to-point routes and adding Embraer-Jets to it´s Turboprop-Fleet. In 2004 Cirrus Airlines took over a Lufthansa Regional member; the headquarters were moved to Hallbergmoos, near Munich Airport. Cirrus Technik and Cirrus Flight Training remained at Saarbrücken Airport; the company introduced a modified corporate identity in January 2008. Cirrus Airlines was a company within Aviation Investment Corp. along with Cirrus Maintenance and Cirrus Service. On 20 January 2012, the airline flew all aircraft back to Saarbrücken; this left some airports temporarily without scheduled service, like Hof Airport and Mannheim City Airport. Cirrus Airlines served the following destinations: Hamburg Airport Zürich Airport Mannheim City Airport Munich Airport Hof Airport Ohrid Skopje Chișinău Airport Frankfurt Airport Cologne Kiel Airport Berlin-Tempelhof Berlin-Tegel Airport Dresden Airport Olbia Airport Heringsdorf Airport Sylt Airport Erfurt Airport London City Rostock Airport Stuttgart Airport Bern Salzburg Vienna Airport Brno Airport The airline operated: 1 Airbus A310 D-AHLC 2 Boeing 737-500/800 D-ACIN, D-ALIG 8 De Havilland Canada DHC-8 Dash 8 8 Embraer ERJ-145 19 Dornier 328-Turboprop and -Jet 3 Embraer ERJ-170 1 Beechcraft Super King Air 200 June 28, 2006: A Cirrus Airlines Embraer 145 flying on behalf of Swiss International Air Lines overshoots the runways in Nuremberg.
None of the 49 occupants on board is hurt. March 19, 2008: Flight 1569 from Berlin-Tempelhof overshoots runway 27 of the Mannheim City Airport and comes to rest on a well close to a highway. Nobody of the 27 on board is hurt, but the aircraft, a Dornier Do 328, is damaged. Media related to Cirrus Airlines at Wikimedia Commons