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Cité de l'Automobile

Cité de l'Automobile, Musée national de l’automobile, Collection Schlumpf is an automobile museum located in Mulhouse and built around the Schlumpf Collection of classic automobiles. It has the largest displayed collection of automobiles and contains the largest and most comprehensive collection of Bugatti motor vehicles in the world. Brothers Hans and Fritz Schlumpf were Swiss citizens born in Italy, but after their mother Jeanne was widowed, she moved the family to her home town of Mulhouse in Alsace, France; the two brothers, who were described as having a "Schlumpf obsession", were devoted to their mother. In 1935 the Schlumpf brothers founded a limited company which focused on producing spun woollen products. By 1940, at the time of the German invasion of France, 34-year-old Fritz was the chairman of a spinning mill in Malmerspach. After World War II, the two brothers devoted their time to obsessively growing their business, became wealthy. Fritz loved cars, driven by an abiding love for beautiful automotive engineering.

Having wanted a Bugatti since childhood, he bought a Bugatti Type 35B just before the German invasion of France. After the war he began racing classic cars, but was requested by the textile union to "abstain from this competition which could endanger your life and deprive us of our esteemed director." Schlumpf had been generous to his workers, providing employee trips, installing an employee theater and driving expectant mothers to the hospital in his own car. This was in great contrast to brother Hans, a former banker, who paid the mill workers poorly, docked fifteen minutes off their pay if they were late or signed out a minute or two early, did not pay bonuses or increments. With post-war modern 1950s car designs coming on stream, people wanted to exchange their classic 1920s through 1930s cars in for new models. Fritz and Hans began collecting in earnest in the early 1950s, developing a reputation in the trade for only buying the most desirable models. Assisted by Mr. Raffaelli, a Renault dealer from Marseilles and the owner of several Bugattis, they built a Bugatti collection obsessively and quickly: During the summer of 1960, they acquired ten Bugattis, including two Type 57s and one Type 46 5-litre model.

In addition the pair found two Hispano-Suizas and one Tatra. By the end of the summer, they had purchased 40 cars. Gordini sold them ten old racing cars in one sale Ferrari sold a racing single seater Mercedes-Benz sold spare cars from its collection Racing driver Jo Siffert sold three Lotus racing carsWhile an enormous variety of marques is represented in the collection, it is now clear that the primary focus of the Schlumpf brothers was Bugatti. Fritz sent a form letter to all Bugatti owners on the club register, offering to buy all of their cars. In 1962 he bought nearly 50 Bugattis. In the spring of 1963, he acquired 18 of Ettore Bugatti's personal cars, including the Bugatti Royale Coupé Napoléon. In 1963 collector John Shakespeare of Centralia, offered his collection of 30 Bugattis, Fritz bought all of them, they were shipped from Hoffman, Illinois by the Southern Railroad to New Orleans by freighter to Le Havre, making headlines in the US. By 1967 an inventory showed 105 Bugattis in the brothers Schlumpf collection.

Over the years nearly 400 items were acquired, from 1964 as the woollen industry started to downturn, a wing of the former 200,000 sq ft Mulhouse spinning mill was chosen to restore and house the collection. A team of up to 40 carpenters and master mechanics was assembled to carry out the restoration work, who under a confidentiality agreement kept their work and the scale of the collection a secret - a singlemindedness referred to as "The Schlumpf Obsession." Many, including members of Bugatti clubs around the world, knew of the collection. The scale of the enterprise surprised everybody. Fritz visited Mulhouse daily, choosing the colors and type of restoration each car would receive; the workers removed the mill's interior walls and laid a red tile walkway with gravel floors for the cars to rest upon. The brothers Schlumpf remained secretive about their car collection, only showing it to a favored few. In light of the unrelenting global shift of textile manufacturing to Asia, by 1976 the Schlumpf brothers began selling their factories.

In October the Malmerspach plant laid off employees, a strike broke out, with 400 police holding back the workers from ransacking the Mulhouse plant. After a stand-off, on March 7, 1977, textile-union activists staged a sit-in strike at Schlumpf offices, broke into the Mulhouse "factory" to find the astounding collection of cars. An unrestored Austin 7 was burned and the workers' union representative remarked "There are 600 more where this one came from." The Schlumpfs fled to their native Switzerland, spent the rest of their days as permanent residents of the Drei Koenige Hotel in Basel. But with wages and tax evasion accusations outstanding, the factory was occupied the next two years by the textile-union and renamed "Workers’ Factory." To recoup some lost wages, the union opened the museum to the public, with some 800,000 people viewing the collection in two years. As the scale of the brothers Schlumpf debt rose, various creditors, including the French government and unions, eyed the car collection toward recovering their losses.

To save the collection from destruction, break-up or export the contents were classified in 1978 as a French Historic Monument by Council of State. In 1979, a bankruptcy liquidator ordered. In 1981 the collection and residual land were sold to the National Automobile Museum Associ

Nuno Santos (footballer, born 1978)

Nuno Filipe Oliveira Santos is a Portuguese former professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper, the manager of Gil Vicente's under-19 team. Born in Coimbra, Baixo Mondego, Santos started his professional career with Sporting CP. Barred by the likes of Peter Schmeichel and Ricardo during his spell he only appeared once for the first team in the Primeira Liga, was loaned to several clubs during his contract, including F. C. Penafiel in the second division in the 2003–04 season. After helping the northern side return to the top flight, Santos had his loan extended until 30 June 2005. At the end of the campaign, which ended with an 11th position and the subsequent league status preservation, he agreed to a permanent deal. Subsequently, Santos joined Vitória de Guimarães, battling for second-choice duties with Serginho as Brazilian Nilson was the undisputed starter. In 2009–10 he left for Vitória de Setúbal on a free transfer, featured in 15 matches during the season – the other goalkeeper, Mário Felgueiras, played in 14 – as the Sadinos avoided top-tier relegation.

In the summer of 2010, Santos signed with Portimonense S. C. for one year. However, shortly after, the deal fell through and the player joined Gil Vicente F. C. of the second level in a one-year contract. He played the first game of the campaign, a 2–1 home win against C. D. Trofense, but was replaced by Vítor Murta in the 10th minute after suffering an injury. After retiring in early 2015 at the age of 36, Santos joined his last club G. D. Ribeirão's staff as a goalkeeper coach. In the same capacity, he worked with Gil Vicente's youths and Leixões SC. Santos returned to their under-19 side ahead of 2017 -- 18, but now as manager. Nuno Santos at ForaDeJogo National team data Nuno Santos at Soccerway

Robert T. Schooley

Robert "Chip" T. Schooley is an American infectious disease physician, the Vice Chair of Academic Affairs, Senior Director of International Initiatives, Co-Director at the Center for Innovative Phage Applications and Therapeutics, at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, he is an expert in HIV and hepatitis C infection and treatment, in 2016, was the first physician to treat a patient in the United States with intravenous bacteriophage therapy for a systemic bacterial infection. After graduating from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1974, Schooley pursued fellowships in infectious disease at the Massachusetts General Hospital and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, he focused his research on immunopathogenesis of herpesvirus infections in immunocompromised patients. In 1981, Schooley joined the faculty at Harvard Medical School as an associate professor, where he shifted his research focus to HIV/AIDS. At this time, the first AIDS cases were identified in Boston.

Schooley's research group in Boston, was one of the first groups to describe the humoral and cellular immune responses to HIV infection and he became involved in the field of antiretroviral chemotherapy. In 1990, Schooley was recruited as the head of the Division of Infectious Diseases for the Health Sciences Center at the University of Colorado, director of the Colorado Center for AIDS Research. While at Colorado, he served as the Chair of the NIAID’s AIDS Clinical Trials Group which he headed from 1995–2002. At this time, ACTG had an annual budget of over $100 million USD. During his time as Group Chair, the ACTG expanded to include global research sites throughout Latin America, the Caribbean, South Asia and Africa, is now the largest and most productive multinational clinical and translational research group focusing on the pathogenesis and therapy of HIV and its complications. In 2005, he was recruited to the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, where he was the Head of the Division of Infectious Disease until 2017, serves as the Vice Chair of Academic Affairs in the Department of Medicine, Senior Director of International Initiatives, Co-Director of the Center for Innovative Phage Applications and Therapeutics.

In 2016, while serving as the Head of the Division of Infectious Diseases at the UC San Diego School of Medicine, Schooley was approached by his colleague, Dr. Steffanie Strathdee, to help save her husband's life by using bacteriophages. Strathdee's husband, Dr. Tom Patterson, was suffering from a life-threatening multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection, that he had acquired while on vacation in Egypt. Schooley, acting as the primary infectious disease physician, along with Strathdee and a team of researchers and physicians from Texas A&M University, Adaptive Phage Therapeutics, the US Navy, UC San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego State University, worked together to source and administer phages that were active against the strain of bacteria with which Patterson was infected. Schooley was responsible for navigating the Food and Drug Administration's emergency investigational new drug process, to obtain approval to administer the experimental therapy. After multiple phage cocktail administrations, provided from the partnering laboratories and companies, Patterson was cured of his infection and made a full recovery.

Schooley has since published a case report on his experience in treating Patterson with phage therapy, there has been a large media coverage of the story as well. Since treating Patterson in 2016, Schooley has since been involved with the treatment of six other phage therapy patients at UC San Diego, as well as consulting on a number of other phage therapy cases throughout the United States and Europe. In June 2018, Schooley and Strathdee were awarded a $1.2 million grant from UC San Diego Chancellor Pradeep Khosla, to help launch the Innovative Center for Phage Applications and Therapeutics, the first phage therapy center in the United States. The goal of this center is to conduct rigorous phage therapy clinical trials, that will one day lead the Food and Drug Administration to making phage therapy more available. For a list of publications from 2003 to present, please click here

Pocho (crocodile)

Pocho was an American crocodile who became world-famous for his relationship with Gilberto "Chito" Shedden, a local area fisherman. Shedden had found Pocho dying on the banks of the Reventazón River, took the crocodile in whilst nursing him back to health; the crocodile chose to stay with Chito instead. The pair became famous. Chito, a fisherman, tour guide, naturalist from Siquirres, Limón Province, Costa Rica, discovered a dying male crocodile in 1989, weighing only a skinny 70 kilograms on the banks of the Reventazón River, close to death. Upon closer examination, Shedden discovered the crocodile, shot in the head through the left eye, was alone and helpless; the crocodile had been shot by a local cattle farmer while preying on a herd of cows. Shedden took the crocodile home in his boat. For six months, Shedden fed the crocodile chicken and medicine, sleeping with it at night in his home. Shedden simulated the chewing of food with his mouth to encourage the crocodile to eat, gave it kisses and hugs while talking to it and petting it.

"Food wasn't enough. The crocodile needed my love to regain the will to live," noted Shedden, he hid the crocodile in an obscured pond under trees deep in a nearby forest until he obtained the necessary wildlife permits from Costa Rican authorities to own and raise the gravely injured crocodile legally. After the crocodile, named'Pocho', improved to normal health, Shedden released it to a nearby river to return to its normal life; the next morning, Shedden awoke to find that the crocodile had followed him home and was sleeping on his veranda. Living in the water outside Shedden's home, the crocodile, who made a'decision' and preferred to spend the rest of his life in Siquirres with the man who saved his life, became a member of Shedden's family, along with his second wife and daughter. Shedden's first wife had left him. "Once the crocodile followed me home, came to me whenever I called its name, I knew it could be trained," noted Shedden. "Another wife I could get. Pocho was one in a million." For more than twenty years, Shedden swam with Pocho the crocodile in the river outside his home at night and playing with Pocho while hugging and caressing him.

Pocho the crocodile would always come to Shedden. For more than a decade and Pocho performed a weekly act on Sunday afternoons in a 100 square meter artificial lake at Finca Las Tilapias in his hometown of Siquirres, Costa Rica, performing in the water for tourists from around the world, demonstrating the unique and impossible friendship between man and crocodile. A video documentary was done about Chito and Pocho's friendship'The Man Who Swims With Crocodiles', completed by South African filmmaker Roger Horrocks shortly before Pocho's death. Horrocks speculated in his documentary that the gunshot wound to Pocho's head might have damaged the crocodile's brain, whereby the usual instinctive behavior of the crocodile changed as a result, allowing the crocodile to be susceptible to human emotions when it was rescued from near death. Horrocks, noting examples where humans had been attacked by their Reptilian pets after ten year relationships or longer, felt Shedden's life was always in danger when he stepped into the water with what seemed to be his loving'pet', Shedden stated "After two or three years, something could happen, maybe... but after 23 years of loving each other, nothing has happened, so I don't think so."

One of Pocho's behaviors was to rush at Shedden with his mouth open when he entered the water, but he would close his mouth before he got too close, allowing a kiss on his snout instead. Pocho died of natural causes in the water outside Shedden's home in Siquirres on October 12, 2011. After the first'human' style public funeral given a crocodile and attended by human friends and admirers, at which Shedden sang to his departed pet and held his'hand', Pocho, a national treasure of Costa Rican culture, was stuffed. Pocho remains on permanent display behind glass in the Siquirres town museum. Shedden is working with a new crocodile named Pocho II. Chito had encountered the crocodile on the river near his house while fishing, had brought the crocodile food, while the crocodile allowed him to pet it. Although he has made progress in establishing a relationship with Pocho II, the prospects of long-term success remain uncertain, as the circumstances are not the same as his unique special relationship with the original Pocho.

Pocho and Chito performing The true story of Pocho the crocodile: When man and croc become best friends at nimalsaustralia.org

1963 Nordic Athletics Championships

The 1963 Nordic Athletics Championships was the second edition of the international athletics competition between Nordic countries and was held in Gothenburg, Sweden. It consisted of 22 for men and 12 for women; this covered a field programme plus a men's marathon race. Finland defended its team title in the men's points classification with 225.5 points and Sweden repeated as women's team champions with 104 points. Iceland took part in the men's competition only and was the only nation not to have an athlete top the podium. Among the athletes in attendance were 1962 European Athletics Championships medalists Pentti Nikula, Stig Pettersson, Rainer Stenius and Pentti Eskola. Ulla-Britt Wieslander of Sweden was the most successful athlete of the tournament, defending both her 100 metres and 200 metres titles as well as adding the 80 metres hurdles championship to her honours. Bengt-Göran Fernström was the only man to win two individual titles, taking the 200 m and 400 metres races. Athletes to defend their 1961 titles were Carl Fredrik Bunæs, Stig Pettersson, Stein Haugen, Birger Asplund, Karen Inge Halkier and Nina Hansen.

Nordic Championships. GBR Athletics. Retrieved 2018-04-29

M. V. Lomonosov School of Electrotechnics and Electronics

The M. V. Lomonosov School of Electro-technics and Electronics (Bulgarian: Професионална гимназия по електротехника и електроника, is a Bulgarian professional Engineering school and one of the most selective technical schools in Bulgaria; the school is located in Gorna Oryahovitsa. M. V. Lomonosov College of Electrical and Electronics was founded in 1959 by the engineer Marco Genchev, as a successor to the Technical College in Gorna Oryahovitsa. Lessons were taught in the building of "Georgi Izmirliev" School and in Gorna Oryahovitsa; the first year of instruction began on 15 September 1959. Teachers were "specialized" in subjects such as mathematics and foreign languages. Over fifty percent of the teachers were engineers, from a variety of engineering disciplines, including electrical and radio technology; the planning and construction of a dedicated building complex began in 1960. In 1961, a meeting of the school committee chose a patron for their school, they chose Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov.

In 1965, the new building and park were finished. The building contained laboratories for radio, power electronics, the study and applications of general electronics; the school had its own production center. Students took a role in manufacturing industrial solder, electric motors, radio antennas and other electronic items during their studies. Teacher of Bulgarian language and literature, Yordan Yordanov, composed the first school song. At the end of the 1960s, it had created professional relationships with other technical schools in Bulgaria and East Europe; the most thorough collaboration was with the School of Electrical in Odessa. In 1971 the northern portion of the school complex was completed; the construction included further laboratories for technical studies. At that time the school offered were radio and television technology, electrical power and electrical machines. In 1973, a cinema was added, with seating for 500. From 1973 to 1974, the first cultural meeting exhibition occurred. From 1975 to 1976, a commemorative ceremony was held for the Bulgarian heroes of the April uprising.

In 2001, the name of the school was changed to M. V. Lomonosov Professional High School of Electronics. Computer technologies and computer networking were added to the school's curriculum in 2000. In 2006 the program added the Show of Electronics. Since the founding of the school, around 10,000 students have graduated. Marco Genchev Iliev Dimitar Kovachev Konstantin Konstantinov Kina Markova Dimitar Yonov Kina Koltarska Filip Filipov Computer technology Computer networks New energy sources Electric systems Telecommunications Radio and television technology Electrical machines and appliances Electro-calculating technology The school has been a member of UNESCO since 1982. M. V. Lomonosov School of Electrotechnics and Electronics is member of United schools by United Nations Official website Profile of the school in Guide-Bulgaria Profile of the school in Vietnam