Free Willy is a 1993 American family drama film directed by Simon Wincer, produced by Lauren Shuler Donner and Jennie Lew Tugend, written by Keith A. Walker and Corey Blechman from a story by Walker; the film stars Jason James Richter as a foster boy. The film received positive attention from critics and was a commercial success, grossing $153.6 million from a $20 million budget. It grew into a small franchise, spawning three sequels and a video game companion. Michael Jackson produced and performed "Will You Be There", the theme for the film, which can be heard during the film's credits; the song won the MTV Movie Award for "Best Song in a Movie" in 1994. It was included on Jackson's album and All Time Greatest Movie Songs, released by Sony in 1999. Jackson performed songs for the film's first sequel; as of March 20, 2019, Free Willy is one of the few Regency Enterprises productions not to be owned by Disney through 20th Century Fox, due to the rights still being held by Warner Bros. Near the coastline of the Pacific Northwest, a pod of orcas are peacefully swimming.
The pod is tracked down by a group of whalers, one of them, Willy, is trapped and sent to an amusement park. Sometime in Seattle, Jesse, a troubled 12-year-old boy abandoned by his mother six years before, is caught by the police for stealing food and vandalizing the theme park. Jesse's social worker Dwight earns him a reprieve by finding him a foster home and having him clean up the graffiti at the theme park as part of his probation, his foster parents are the supportive and kind Annie and Glen Greenwood, but Jesse is unruly and hostile to them. While working at the park, Jesse encounters Willy. Willy is regarded as surly and uncooperative by the park staff, including his trainer Rae Lindley, but Willy takes a liking to Jesse's harmonica playing, saves Jesse from drowning, the two start a bond, Jesse becomes friendly with Willy's keeper, Randolph Johnson. Jesse teaches tricks to Willy, is offered a permanent job at the theme park after probation. Jesse warms into his new home; the owner of the amusement park, sees the talent Jesse and Willy have together and makes plans to host "The Willy Show" in hopes of making money from Willy, who has thus far been a costly venture for him.
On the day of the first performance, Willy is antagonized by children banging on his underwater observation area and refuses to perform. In a stress-induced rage, he smashes against the tank. Jesse plans to run away. While at the tank, Jesse notices Willy's family calling to him from the ocean and realizes how miserable he is in captivity. Shortly after, Jesse spots Dial's assistant and several colleagues sneaking into the underwater observation area, they damage the tank enough that the water will leak out and kill Willy, allowing them to cash in on his $1,000,000 insurance policy. Jesse and Rae hatch a plan to release Willy back into the ocean, they use equipment at the park to load Willy onto a trailer, Jesse and Randolph use Glen's truck to tow Willy to a marina. They try to stay on the back roads to avoid being spotted, but get stuck in the mud. Wade meanwhile informs Dial that Willy is missing, launches a search to find the fugitives. Unable to move the trailer himself, Jesse calls Annie using a CB radio in Glen's truck.
Annie and Glen show up and help free the truck, continue on to the marina to release Willy. Dial knows where they are headed, when they show up, he, his associates are blocking the gate. Glen charges at them full speed in the truck, scattering the blockade. Glen smashes through the gate, turns the truck around and backs Willy into the water, flooding his truck in the process. Willy is released into the water but does not move having been on dry land for too long. Dial and his confederates attempt to stop them, but Jesse and his friends fight back, trying to hold them off long enough for Willy to swim away. With Jesse's encouragement, Willy begins to swim, slipping away from the battle and heading for the marina entrance. Before he can make it into the ocean, two of Dial's whaling ships appear, sealing off the marina with their nets. Jesse runs towards the dyke, calling for Willy to follow him, drawing him away from the boats. Jesse goes to the edge and tells Willy that if he makes the jump, it will be his highest, he'll be free.
Jesse says a tearful goodbye, but goes back to the top. He recites. Willy makes the jump over the dyke and lands in the ocean on the other side free to return to his family. Jesse goes back to Annie, who hug him as they look out into the sea. Willy calls out to Jesse in the distance, both say their farewell. Jason James Richter as Jesse Keiko as Willy Lori Petty as Rae Lindley Jayne Atkinson as Annie Greenwood August Schellenberg as Randolph Johnson Michael Madsen as Glen Greenwood Michael Ironside as Dial Mykelti Williamson as Dwight Mercer Danielle Harris as Gwenie Richard Riehle as Wade Michael Bacall as Perry Most close-up shots involving limited movement by Willy, such as when Willy is in the trailer and the sequences involving Willy swimming in the open water, make use of an animatronic stand-in. Walt Conti, who supervised the effects for the orcas, estimated that half of the shots of the orca used animatronic stand-ins. Conti stated that the smaller movements of a real Orca made things difficult in some way
A male organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm. Each spermatozoon can fuse with ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male cannot reproduce sexually without access to at least one ovum from a female, but some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most male mammals, including male humans, have a Y chromosome, which codes for the production of larger amounts of testosterone to develop male reproductive organs. Not all species share a common sex-determination system. In most animals, including humans, sex is determined genetically, but in some species it can be determined due to social, environmental, or other factors. For example, Cymothoa exigua changes sex depending on the number of females present in the vicinity; the existence of two sexes seems to have been selected independently across different evolutionary lineages. The repeated pattern is sexual reproduction in isogamous species with two or more mating types with gametes of identical form and behavior to anisogamous species with gametes of male and female types to oogamous species in which the female gamete is much larger than the male and has no ability to move.
There is a good argument that this pattern was driven by the physical constraints on the mechanisms by which two gametes get together as required for sexual reproduction. Accordingly, sex is defined operationally across species by the type of gametes produced and differences between males and females in one lineage are not always predictive of differences in another. Male/female dimorphism between organisms or reproductive organs of different sexes is not limited to animals. In land plants and male designate not only the female and male gamete-producing organisms and structures but the structures of the sporophytes that give rise to male and female plants. A common symbol used to represent the male sex is the Mars symbol, ♂ — a circle with an arrow pointing northeast; the symbol is identical to the planetary symbol of Mars. It was first used to denote sex by Carl Linnaeus in 1751; the symbol is called a stylized representation of the Roman god Mars' shield and spear. According to Stearn, all the historical evidence favours that it is derived from θρ, the contraction of the Greek name for the planet Mars, Thouros.
The sex of a particular organism may be determined by a number of factors. These may be genetic or environmental, or may change during the course of an organism's life. Although most species with male and female sexes have individuals that are either male or female, hermaphroditic animals, such as worms, have both male and female reproductive organs. Most mammals, including humans, are genetically determined as such by the XY sex-determination system where males have an XY sex chromosome, it is possible in a variety of species, including humans, to be XXY or have other intersex/hermaphroditic qualities, though one would still be considered genotypically male so long as one has a Y-chromosome. During reproduction, a male can give either an X sperm or a Y sperm, while a female can only give an X egg. A Y sperm and an X egg produce a male, while an X egg produce a female; the part of the Y-chromosome, responsible for maleness is the sex-determining region of the Y-chromosome, the SRY. The SRY activates Sox9, which forms feedforward loops with FGF9 and PGD2 in the gonads, allowing the levels of these genes to stay high enough in order to cause male development.
The ZW sex-determination system, where males have a ZZ sex chromosome may be found in birds and some insects and other organisms. Members of the insect order Hymenoptera, such as ants and bees, are determined by haplodiploidy, where most males are haploid and females and some sterile males are diploid. In some species of reptiles, such as alligators, sex is determined by the temperature at which the egg is incubated. Other species, such as some snails, practice sex change: adults start out male become female. In tropical clown fish, the dominant individual in a group becomes female while the other ones are male. In some arthropods, sex is determined by infection. Bacteria of the genus Wolbachia alter their sexuality. In those species with two sexes, males may differ from females in ways other than the production of spermatozoa. In many insects and fish, the male is smaller than the female. In seed plants, which exhibit alternation of generations, the female and male parts are both included within the sporophyte sex organ of a single organism.
In mammals, including humans, males are larger than females. In birds, the male exhibits a colorful plumage that attracts females. Boy Female Gender Male plant Male pregnancy Man Masculinity Gentleman Wedgwood, Hensleigh. "On False Etymologies". Transactions of the Philological Society: 68
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, a few U. S. states, new suburbs are annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, Canada and much of the United States, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county. Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of improved rail and road transport, which led to an increase in commuting. In general, they have lower population densities than inner city neighborhoods within a metropolitan area, most residents commute to central cities or other business districts.
Suburbs tend to proliferate around cities that have an abundance of adjacent flat land. The English word is derived from the Old French subburbe, in turn derived from the Latin suburbium, formed from sub and urbs; the first recorded usage of the term in English, was made by John Wycliffe in 1380, where the form subarbis was used, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. In Australia and New Zealand, suburbs have become formalised as geographic subdivisions of a city and are used by postal services in addressing. In rural areas in both countries, their equivalents are called localities; the terms inner suburb and outer suburb are used to differentiate between the higher-density areas in proximity to the city center, the lower-density suburbs on the outskirts of the urban area. The term'middle suburbs' is used. Inner suburbs, such as Te Aro in Wellington, Eden Terrace in Auckland, Prahran in Melbourne and Ultimo in Sydney, are characterised by higher density apartment housing and greater integration between commercial and residential areas.
In New Zealand, most suburbs are not defined which can lead to confusion as to where they may begin and end. Although there is a geospatial file defining suburbs for use by emergency services developed and maintained by Fire and Emergency New Zealand, in collaboration with other government agencies, to date this file has not been released publicly. New Zealand company Koordinates Limited requested access to the geospatial file under the Official Information Act 1982 but this request was rejected by the New Zealand Fire Service on the basis that it would prejudice the health & safety of, or cause material loss, to the public. In September 2014 a decision was made by the Ombudsman of New Zealand ruling that the New Zealand Fire Service refusal to release the geospatial file without agreeing to terms which included, among other restrictions, a prohibition on redistribution of the geospatial file, was reasonable. In the United Kingdom and in Ireland, suburb refers to a residential area outside the city centre, regardless of administrative boundaries.
Suburbs, in this sense, can range from areas that seem more like residential areas of a city proper to areas separated by open countryside from the city centre. In large cities such as London and Leeds, suburbs include separate towns and villages that have been absorbed during a city's growth and expansion, such as Ealing and Guiseley. In the United States and Canada, suburb can refer either to an outlying residential area of a city or town or to a separate municipality or unincorporated area outside a town or city; the earliest appearance of suburbs coincided with the spread of the first urban settlements. Large walled towns tended to be the focus around which smaller villages grew up in a symbiotic relationship with the market town; the word'suburbani' was first used by the Roman statesman Cicero in reference to the large villas and estates built by the wealthy patricians of Rome on the city's outskirts. Towards the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the capital, was occupied by the emperor and important officials.
As populations grew during the Early Modern Period in Europe, urban towns swelled with a steady influx of people from the countryside. In some places, nearby settlements were swallowed up as the main city expanded; the peripheral areas on the outskirts of the city were inhabited by the poorest. Due to the rapid migration of the rural poor to the industrialising cities of England in the late 18th century, a trend in the opposite direction began to develop; this trend accelerated through the 19th century in cities like London and Manchester that were growing and the first suburban districts sprung up around the city centres to accommodate those who wanted to escape the squalid conditions of the industrial towns. Toward the end of the century, with the development of public transit systems such as the underground railways and buses, it became possible for the majority of the city's population to reside outside the city and to commute into the
Judge Joseph Dredd is a fictional character created by writer John Wagner and artist Carlos Ezquerra. He first appeared in the second issue of 2000 AD, a British weekly anthology comic, he is the magazine's longest-running character. He appears in a number of movie and video game adaptations. Judge Dredd is a law enforcement and judicial officer in the dystopian future city of Mega-City One, which covers most of the east coast of North America, he is a "street judge", empowered to summarily arrest, convict and execute criminals. In Great Britain, the character of Dredd and his name are sometimes invoked in discussions of police states and the rule of law. In 2011, IGN ranked Judge Dredd 35th among the top 100 comic book heroes of all time. Judge Dredd made his live action debut in 1995 in Judge Dredd, portrayed by Sylvester Stallone, he was portrayed by Karl Urban in the 2012 adaptation Dredd. When comics editor Pat Mills was developing 2000 AD in 1976, he brought in his former writing partner, John Wagner, to develop characters.
Wagner had written a Dirty Harry-style "tough cop" story, "One-Eyed Jack", for Valiant, suggested a character who took that concept to its logical extreme. Mills had developed a horror strip called Judge Dread but abandoned the idea as unsuitable for the new comic; the task of visualising the character was given to Carlos Ezquerra, a Spanish artist who had worked for Mills before on Battle Picture Weekly. Wagner gave Ezquerra an advertisement for the film Death Race 2000, showing the character Frankenstein clad in black leather on a motorbike, as a suggestion of Dredd's appearance. Ezquerra added body-armour and chains, which Wagner objected to. Wagner's initial script was drawn up by Ezquerra; the hardware and cityscapes Ezquerra had drawn were far more futuristic than the near-future setting intended. The original launch story written by Wagner and drawn by Ezquerra was vetoed by the board of directors for being too violent. A new script was needed for the first episode. Mills based the characterisation of Judge Dredd on Brother James, one of his teachers at St Joseph's College, Ipswich.
Brother James was considered to be an excellent teacher but an excessively strict disciplinarian to the extent he was considered abusive. In his blog Mills detailed the moments of rage for which Brother James had a reputation and his own experience witnessing them; the De La Salle monks at the school were a major influence in the 2000 AD design of the'judge and executioner' attitude of the judges. The name Joseph refers to the school. By this stage, Wagner had quit, disillusioned that a proposed buy-out of the new comic by another company, which would have given him and Mills a greater financial stake in the comic, had fallen through. Mills was reluctant to lose Judge Dredd and farmed the strip out to a variety of freelance writers, hoping to develop it further, their scripts were given to a variety of artists as Mills tried to find a strip which would provide a good introduction to the character. This Judge Dredd would not be ready for the first issue of 2000 AD, launched in February 1977; the story chosen to introduce the character was submitted by freelance writer Peter Harris, was extensively re-written by Mills, who added a new ending suggested by Kelvin Gosnell.
It was drawn by newcomer Mike McMahon. The strip debuted in "prog" no. 2. Around this time Ezquerra returned to work for Battle. There are conflicting sources about why. Ezquerra says it was because he was angry that another artist had drawn the first published Judge Dredd strip. Mills says he chose McMahon because Ezquerra had left, having been offered a better deal by the editor of Battle. Wagner soon returned to the character, starting in prog 9, his storyline, "The Robot Wars", was drawn by a rotating team of artists, marked the point where Dredd became the most popular character in the comic, a position he has relinquished. Judge Dredd has appeared in every issue since, most of the stories written by Wagner. In 1983 Judge Dredd made his American debut with his own series from publisher Eagle Comics, titled Judge Dredd, it consisted of stories reprinted from the British comic. Since 1990 Dredd has had his own title in Britain, the Judge Dredd Megazine. With Wagner concentrating his energies on that, the Dredd strip in 2000 AD was left to younger writers, including Garth Ennis, Mark Millar, Grant Morrison and John Smith.
Their stories were less popular with fans, sales fell. Wagner returned to writing the character full-time in 1994. Judge Dredd has been published in a long-running comic strip in the Daily Star, in Metro from January to April 2004; these were created by the same teams writing and drawing the main strip, the Daily Star strips have been collected into a number of volumes. In 2012 Dredd was one of ten British comic characters commemorated in a series of stamps issued by the Royal Mail. Joseph Dredd is the most famous of the Street Judges that patrol Mega-City One, empowered to convict and sometimes execute offenders. Dredd is armed with a "Lawgiver", a pistol programmed to recognise only his palm-print, capable of firing six types of ammunition, a daystick, a boot knife and stun or gas grenades, his helmet obscures his face, except for his mouth and jaw
A melon is any of various plants of the family Cucurbitaceae with sweet edible, fleshy fruit. The word "melon" can refer to either the plant or to the fruit. Botanically, a melon is a kind of berry a "pepo"; the word melon derives from Latin melopepo, the latinization of the Greek μηλοπέπων, meaning "melon", itself a compound of μῆλον, "apple, treefruit" and πέπων, amongst others "a kind of gourd or melon". Many different cultivars have been produced of cantaloupes. Melons originated in Northeastern Africa and the Middle East, they began to appear in Europe toward the end of the Western Roman Empire. Melons are known to have been grown by the ancient Egyptians; however recent discoveries of melon seeds dated between 1350 and 1120 BC in Nuragic sacred wells have shown that melons were first brought to Europe by the Nuragic civilization of Sardinia during the Bronze Age. Melons were among the earliest plants to be domesticated in both the Old and among the first crop species brought by westerners to the New Worlds.
Early European settlers in the New World are recorded as growing honeydew and casaba melons as early as the 1600s. A number of Native American tribes in New Mexico, including Acoma, Isleta, Santo Domingo and San Felipe, maintain a tradition of growing their own characteristic melon cultivars, derived from melons introduced by the Spanish. Organizations like Native Seeds/SEARCH have made an effort to collect and preserve these and other heritage seeds. Winter melon is the only member of the genus Benincasa; the mature winter melon is a cooking vegetable, used in Asia specially in India. The immature melons are used as a culinary fruit. Egusi is a wild melon, similar in appearance to the watermelon; the flesh is inedible. Other species that have the same culinary role, that are called egusi include Cucumeropsis mannii and Lagenaria siceraria. Watermelon originated in Africa, where evidence indicates that it has been cultivated for over 4,000 years, it is a popular summer fruit in all parts of the world.
Melons in genus Cucumis are culinary fruits, include the majority of culinary melons. All but a handful of culinary melon varieties belong to the species Cucumis melo L. Horned melon, a traditional food plant in Africa with distinctive spikes. Now grown in California, Chile and New Zealand as well. Muskmelon C. melo cantalupensis, with skin, rough and warty, not netted. The European cantaloupe, with ribbed, pale green skin, was domesticated in the 18th century, in Cantalupo in Sabina, Italy, by the pope's gardener, it is known as a'rockmelon' in Australia and New Zealand. Varieties include the French Charentais and the Burpee Seeds hybrid Netted Gem, introduced in the 19th century; the Yubari King is a prized Japanese cantaloupe cultivar. The Persian melon resemble a large cantaloupe with a finer netting. C. melo inodorus, casabas and Asian melons Argos, a large, with orange wrinkled skin, orange flesh, strong aroma. A characteristic is its pointed ends. Growing in some areas of Greece, from which it was named.
Canary melon, a large, bright-yellow melon with a pale green to white inner flesh. Casaba, bright yellow, with a smooth, furrowed skin. Less keeps longer. Hami melon from Hami, China. Flesh is crisp. Honeydew, with a sweet, green-colored flesh. Grown as bailan melon in Lanzhou, China. There is a second variety which has white flesh and tastes like a moist pear. Kolkhoznitsa melon, with dense, white flesh. Japanese melons. Korean melon, a yellow melon with white lines running across the fruit and white inside. Can be crisp and sweet or juicy when left to ripen longer. Oriental pickling melon Piel de Sapo or Santa Claus melon, with a blotchy green skin and white sweet-tasting flesh. Sugar melon a smooth, round fruit. Tiger melon, an orange and black striped melon from Turkey with a soft pulp. C. melo reticulatus, true muskmelons, with netted skin. North American cantaloupe, distinct from the European cantaloupe, with the net-like skin pattern common to other C. melo reticulatus varieties. Galia and juicy with either faint green or rosy pink flesh.
Sharlyn melons, with taste between honeydew and cantaloupes, netted skin, greenish-orange rind, white flesh. C. melo agrestis, Wilder melon cultivars, with smooth skin, tart or bland taste. Confused with cucumbers. C. melo conomon, Conomon Melons, Pickling Melons, with smooth skin, ranging from tart or bland taste to mild sweetness in Korean Melon. Oriental Pickling melon, Korean Melon. Related to wilder melons. Modern crossbred e.g. Crenshaw, Crane. Cucurbita – Squash List of culinary fruits List of gourds and squashes List of melon dishes Mabberley, D. J.. The Plant Book. A portable dictionary of the higher plants. Cambridge University Press. P. 706. ISBN 0-521-34060-8. Retrieved 2014-10-20. Magness, J. R. G. M. Markle, C. C. Compton. "Food and feed crops of the United States". IR Bulletin. New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station. 1. OL 14117370M. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list Interregional Research Project IR-4 "Cucumis melo L." Purdue University, Center for New Crops & Plant Products. Retrieved 2014-10-20.
"Sorting Cucumis na
The dachshund is a short-legged, long-bodied, hound-type dog breed. They may be wire-haired, or long-haired; the standard-size dachshund was developed to scent and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals, while the miniature dachshund was bred to hunt smaller prey such as rabbits. In the Western United States, they have been used to track wounded deer and hunt prairie dogs. Dachshunds participate in conformation shows, field trials and many other events organized through pure-bred dog organizations such as the American Kennel Club. According to the AKC, the dachshund is ranked in 13th place in popularity amongst dog breeds in the United States; the name dachshund is of German origin and means "badger dog," from Dachs and Hund. The pronunciation varies in English: variations of the first and second syllables include, and. Although "dachshund" is a German word, in modern German they are more known by the short name Dackel or Teckel; the German word is pronounced. Because of their long, narrow build, they are nicknamed wiener dog or sausage dog.
Dachshund may be mispronounced as "dash-hound" by some English speakers. While classified in the hound group or scent hound group in the United States and Great Britain, the breed has its own group in the countries which belong to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Many dachshunds the wire-haired subtype, may exhibit behavior and appearance that are similar to that of the terrier group of dogs. An argument can be made for the scent group classification because the breed was developed to use scent to trail and hunt animals, descended from the Saint Hubert Hound like many modern scent hound breed such as bloodhounds and Basset Hounds. A typical dachshund is muscular with short stubby legs, its front paws are disproportionately large, being paddle-shaped and suitable for digging. Its skin is loose enough not to tear; the dachshund has a deep chest. Its snout is long. According to the AKC standards for the breed, "scars from honorable wounds shall not be considered a fault" because the dachshund is a hunting dog.
There are three dachshund coat varieties: smooth coat and wirehaired. Longhaired dachshunds have short featherings on legs and ears. Wirehaired dachshunds are the least common coat variety in the United States and the most recent coat to appear in breeding standards. Dachshunds have a wide variety of patterns, the most common one being red, their base coloration can be single-colored, tan pointed, in wirehaired dogs, a color referred to as wildboar. Patterns such as dapple, sable and piebald can occur on any of the base colors. Dachshunds in the same litter may be born in different coat colors depending on the genetic makeup of the parents; the dominant color in the breed is red, followed by tan. Tan pointed dogs have tan markings over the eyes, ears and tail; the reds range from coppers to deep rusts, with or without somewhat common black hairs peppered along the back and ear edges, lending much character and an burnished appearance. Sabling should not be confused with a more unusual coat color referred to as sable.
At a distance, a sable dachshund looks somewhat like a black and tan dog. Upon closer examination, one can observe that along the top of the dog's body, each hair is banded with red at the base near the skin transitioning to black along the length of the strand. An additional striking coat marking is the brindle pattern. "Brindle" refers to dark stripes over a solid background—usually red. If a dachshund is brindled on a dark coat and has tan points, it will have brindling on the tan points only. One single, lone stripe of brindle is a brindle. If a dachshund has one single spot of dapple, it is a dapple; the Dachshund Club of America and the American Kennel Club consider both the piebald pattern and the double dapple pattern to be nonstandard. However, both types continue to be shown and sometimes win in the conformation ring. Dogs that are double-dappled have the merle pattern of a dapple, but with distinct white patches that occur when the dapple gene expresses itself twice in the same area of the coat.
The DCA excluded the wording "double-dapple" from the standard in 2007 and now use the wording "dapple" as the double dapple gene is responsible for blindness and deafness. There are three types of dachshund, which can be classified by their coats: short-haired, called'smooth'. Although the standard and miniature sizes are recognized universally, the rabbit size is not recognized by clubs in the United States and the United Kingdom; the rabbit size is recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, which contain kennel clubs from 83 countries all over the world. An increasin
Ginger Meggs, Australia's most popular and longest-running comic strip, was created in the early 1920s by Jimmy Bancks. The strip follows the escapades of a red-haired prepubescent mischief-maker who lives in an inner suburban working-class household. While employed at The Bulletin, Bancks submitted cartoons to the Sydney Sunday Sun, where he began his Us Fellers strip in 1921 in the "Sunbeams" section of the Sunday Sun. Ginger first appeared in Us Fellers on 13 November 1921; when Bancks died on 1 July 1952 from a heart attack, Ron Vivian took over the strip, followed by Lloyd Piper, James Kemsley and since 2007, Jason Chatfield. Bancks created, wrote and syndicated Ginger Meggs from 1921 until 1952, when he died unexpectedly of a heart attack; the character was based on Charlie Somerville. The latter was a resident of the Sydney suburb of Hornsby, who went on to become a businessman and councillor. After Bancks's death, there was a year's worth of strips to run. Ron Vivian wrote and drew Ginger Meggs from 1953 until 1973.
Lloyd Piper drew Ginger Meggs from 1973 until 1983, when he died in a car accident. James Kemsley wrote and syndicated Ginger Meggs from 1984-2007. On 3 December 2007, Kemsley died at his home in New South Wales. In the 2008 Queen's Birthday Honour lists, the Australian Government posthumously recognised Kemsley for his efforts with the Medal of the Order of Australia. Jason Chatfield has written and drawn Ginger Meggs since 2007; the strip remains the most syndicated Australian comic strip today, appearing in over 120 newspapers in 34 countries. In 1997, a park in Valley Road, was named Ginger Meggs Park. Bancks had spent much time in the area during his childhood. In 1985, a postage stamp honouring Ginger or his creator was issued by Australia Post as part of a set of five commemorating children's books. On 1 July 2011, the Perth Mint, released a commemorative 1oz Silver Australian $1 coin to celebrate the 90th anniversary of Ginger Meggs; the coin features an homage to James C. Bancks' 1945 Sunbeams Annual cover, which featured Ginger Meggs on the back of a kangaroo with his dog and his pet monkey, Tony.
The obverse portrays the Ian Rank-Broadley effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the 2011 year-date and is issued as legal tender under the Australian Currency Act 1965. The coin was designed by Jason Chatfield. Ginger Meggs is a 1982 Australian film based on the comic strip, starring Garry McDonald and Drew Forsythe. Ginger Meggs was adapted into a stage musical, running since the early 1990s, distributed by David Spicer Productions. "Ginger Meggs: The Sunbeams Song" music by Henry T. Hayes and Billy Edwards Ginger Meggs / words and music by Jack O'Hagan Just a Little Ginger Headed Feller and music by Mary Brett, arranged by Tom Davidson A birthday celebration for Ginger Meggs: congratulations to the little Aussie battler, by Robert Holden The comic adventures of Ginger Meggs, created by Jimmy Bancks and drawn by James Kemsley Further adventures of Ginger Meggs Ginger Meggs and Herbert the billy goat Ginger Meggs and the country cousin Ginger Meggs annual Ginger Meggs at large: based on the stories and characters of Bancks Ginger Meggs, created by Jimmy Bancks, written & drawn by Kemsley Ginger Meggs' lucky break Ginger Meggs meets the test, written by Bill Peach, illustrated by Dan Russell Ginger Meggs at Go Comics www.gingermeggs.com Ginger Meggs history Ginger Meggs film at Oz Movies