Print syndication distributes news articles, political cartoons, comic strips and other features to newspapers and websites. The syndicates offer reprint rights and grant permissions to other parties for republishing content of which they own and/or represent copyrights. Other terms for the service include a newspaper syndicate, a press syndicate, a feature syndicate; the syndicate is an agency that offers features from notable journalists and authorities as well as reliable and established cartoonists. It fills a need among smaller weekly and daily newspapers for material that helps them compete with large urban papers, at a much lesser cost than if the client were to purchase the material themselves. Syndicates sell their material to one client in each territory. Typical syndicated features are advice columns, humor columns, editorial opinion, critic's reviews, gossip columns; some syndicates specialize in one type such as comic strips. A comic strip syndicate functions as an agent for cartoonists and comic strip creators, placing the cartoons and strips in as many newspapers as possible on behalf of the artist.
In some cases, the work will be owned by the syndicate as opposed to the creator. A syndicate can annually receive thousands of submissions from which only two or three might be selected for representation; the leading strip syndicates include Andrews McMeel Syndication, King Features Syndicate, Creators Syndicate, with the Tribune Content Agency and The Washington Post Writers Group in the running. Syndication of editorial cartoons has an important impact on the form, since cartoons about local issues or politicians are not of interest to the national market. Therefore, an artist who contracts with a syndicate will either be one who focuses her work on national and global issues, or will shift focus accordingly. An early version of syndication was practiced in the Journal of Occurrences, a series of newspaper articles published by an anonymous group of "patriots" in 1768–1769 in the New York Journal and Packet and other newspapers, chronicling the occupation of Boston by the British Army. According to historian Elmo Scott Watson, true print syndication began in 1841 with a two-page supplement produced by New York Sun publisher Moses Yale Beach and sold to a score of newspapers in the U.
S. northeast. By the end of the Civil War, three syndicates were on operation, selling news items and short fiction pieces. By 1881, Associated Press correspondent Henry Villard was self-syndicating material to the Chicago Tribune, the Cincinnati Commercial, the New York Herald. A few years the New York Sun's Charles A. Dana formed a syndicate to sell the short stories of Bret Harte and Henry James; the first full-fledged American newspaper syndicate was the McClure Newspaper Syndicate, launched in 1884 by publisher S. S. McClure, it was the first successful company of its kind, turning the marketing of columns, book serials, comic strips, into a large industry. Syndication took off in 1896 when the competitors the New York World and the New York Journal began producing Sunday comic pages; the daily comic strip came into practice in 1907, revolutionizing and expanding the syndication business. Syndicates began providing client newspaper with proof sheets of black-and-white line art for the reproduction of strips."By 1984, 300 syndicates were distributing 10,000 features with combined sales of $100 million a year.
With the 1960s advent of the underground press, associations like the Underground Press Syndicate, the Association of Alternative Newsmedia, worked together to syndicate material — including weekly comic strips — for each other's publications. Prominent contemporary syndication services include: Andrews McMeel Syndication Family Features Editorial Syndicate Guardian News Service Hearst Entertainment & Syndication News UK The New York Times News Service Project Syndicate Syndications Today Telegraph Media Group Tribune Content Agency IFA-Amsterdam provides news and lifestyle content to publications. Cagle Cartoons offers newspaper editorial columns. 3DSyndication comprises syndication service from India, the India Today Group's Syndications Today, Times Syndication Service of India. List of comic strip syndicates List of syndicated columnists Broadcast syndication Web syndication Patent insides Direct market Blackbeard, Bill; the Smithsonian Collection of Newspaper Comics Horn, Maurice. The World Encyclopedia of Comics Robinson, Jerry.
The Comics: An Illustrated History of Comic Strip Art Vaughn, Susan. "Career Make-Over. The Los Angeles Times. Times Syndication Service Content licensing and syndication wing of The Times Group. 3DSyndication: Syndication Service from India Cagle Cartoons, Inc. Family Features Editorial Syndicate Guardian News Service IFA-Amsterdam News International Syndication The New York Times News Service NI Syndication Times Syndication Service of India Tribune Content Agency Universal Press Syndicate
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
A health club is a place that houses exercise equipment for the purpose of physical exercise. Most health clubs have a main workout area, which consists of free weights including dumbbells and barbells and the stands and benches used with these items and exercise machines, which use gears and other mechanisms to guide the user's exercise; this area includes mirrors so that exercisers can monitor and maintain correct posture during their workout. A gym that predominantly or consists of free weights, as opposed to exercise machines, is sometimes referred to as a black-iron gym, after the traditional color of weight plates. A cardio theater or cardio area includes many types of cardiovascular training-related equipment such as rowing machines, stationary exercise bikes, elliptical trainers and treadmills; these areas include a number of audio-visual displays TVs in order to keep exercisers entertained during long cardio workout sessions. Some gyms provide newspapers and magazines for users of the cardio theatre to read while working out.
Most 2010-era health clubs offer group exercise classes that are conducted by certified fitness instructors or trainers. Many types of group exercise classes exist, but these include classes based on aerobics, boxing or martial arts, high intensity training, step yoga, regular yoga and hot yoga, muscle training and self-defense classes such as Krav Maga and Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Health clubs with swimming pools offer aqua aerobics classes; the instructors must gain certification in order to teach these classes and ensure participant safety. Some health clubs offer sports facilities such as a swimming pools, squash courts, indoor running tracks, ice rinks, or boxing areas. In some cases, additional fees are charged for the use of these facilities. Most health clubs employ personal trainers who are accessible to members for training/fitness/nutrition/health advice and consultation. Personal trainers can devise a customized fitness routine, sometimes including a nutrition plan, to help clients achieve their goals.
They can monitor and train with members. More than not, access to personal trainers involves an additional hourly fee. Newer health clubs include health-shops selling equipment, snack bars, child-care facilities, member lounges and cafes; some clubs have a sauna, steam room, or swimming pool or alternative medicine wellness facilities or offices to be present. Health clubs charge a fee to allow visitors to use the equipment and other provided services. In the 2010s, some clubs have is eco-friendly health clubs which incorporate principles of "green living" in its fitness regimen, into the design of the centre or both. Health clubs offer many services and as a result, the monthly membership prices can vary greatly. A recent study of American clubs found that the monthly cost of membership ranged from US$15 per month at basic chain clubs that offer limited amenities to over US$200 per month at spa-oriented clubs that cater to families and to those seeking social activities in addition to a workout.
In addition, some clubs - such as many local YMCAs - offer per-use punchcards or one-time fees for those seeking to use the club on an as-needed basis. These one-time fees are referred to as day passes. Costs can vary through the purchase of a higher-level membership, such as a Founders or a Life membership; such memberships have a high up-front cost but a lower monthly rate, making them beneficial to those who use the club and hold their memberships for years. Health clubs in North America offer a number of facilities and services with different price points for different levels of services; some services have differently-priced levels or tiers, such as regular, pro and gold facilities or packages. Some of the health and fitness facilities use cardio equipment, fitness screening, resistance-building equipment, pro shops, artificial sun-beds, health spas and saunas; the membership plans vary from as low as $20 per month, for value-priced gyms to as high as $700 per month. These health clubs in the United States, are equipped with a range of facilities and provide personal trainer support.
An early public gymnasium started in Paris in 1847. However, the history of health clubs for the general public can be traced back to Santa Monica, California in 1947. Jack Lalanne created the first American fitness club 1936 in California. Country club Outdoor fitness Spa Sports centre Carroll, L. "Choosing a health club", MSNBC Health, December 19, 2003. Accessed February 23, 2008. Media related to Health clubs at Wikimedia Commons
J. Peter Grace
Joseph Peter Grace was an American industrialist of Irish Catholic heritage. He was president of the diversified chemical company for 48 years, making him the longest serving CEO of a public company. Born in Manhasset, New York, he succeeded his father, Joseph Peter Grace, Sr. as President and CEO of W. R. Grace and Company in 1945 when his father suffered a stroke; the firm was founded by his grandfather William R. Grace, the first Roman Catholic to be elected Mayor of New York City, his maternal grandfather was Charles B. Macdonald, a major figure in early American golf who built the first 18-hole course in the United States, he was devoutly Catholic. Grace was the kind of man who, at age seventy, Indian-wrestled fellow chairmen of the board at his desk, showered in the evening to save time getting to work in the morning, wore a Beretta pistol, and, as a conservative Democrat, took out a full-page ad in The New York Times to support President Ronald Reagan's tax cuts, he married Margaret Fennelly in 1941, the couple remained together until his death.
Grace was a Roman Catholic. In the Kennedy administration, J. Peter Grace was head of the Commerce Department Committee on the Alliance for Progress. President Reagan, in announcing the selection of J. Peter Grace to lead The Grace Commission on waste and inefficiency in the Federal government, said: We have a problem that's been 40 years in the making, we have to find ways to solve it, and I didn't want to ruin your appetites, so I waited till now to tell you this, but during the hour we're together here eating and talking, the Government has spent $83 million. And by the way, that includes the price of your lunch. Milton Friedman is right. There is no such thing as a free lunch; the interest on our debt for the last hour was about $10 million of that. In selecting your Committee, we didn't care. Starting with Peter Grace, we just wanted to get the best people we could find, I think we were successful. I'll repeat to you today: Be bold. We want your team to work like tireless bloodhounds. Don't leave any stone unturned in your search to root out inefficiency.
Mr. Grace, a Democrat, was asked what he would say to the campaign theme of Walter Mondale, the 1984 Democratic Presidential candidate, that higher taxes would be required to ease the deficit regardless of who wins the November election. "I'd tell him he's nuts," Grace said. "He's wrong. He's wrong." In 1967, he was awarded the Laetare Medal by the University of Notre Dame. In 1984, Mr. Grace received The Hundred Year Association of New York's Gold Medal Award "in recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York." That year he received the S. Roger Horchow Award for Greatest Public Service by a Private Citizen, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards. Grace was a leader in the American Association of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Grace was a member of the conservative American organization the Council for National Policy, he was responsible for the, co-founded "Citizens Against Government Waste" with Jack Anderson in 1984. J. Peter Grace – SourceWatch W. R. Grace & Co
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs and sells airplanes, rockets and missiles worldwide. The company provides leasing and product support services. Boeing is among the largest global aircraft manufacturers. Boeing stock is included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Boeing was founded by William Boeing on July 15, 1916, in Washington; the present corporation is the result of the merger of Boeing with McDonnell Douglas on August 1, 1997. Former Boeing's chair and CEO Philip M. Condit continued as the chair and CEO of the new Boeing, while Harry Stonecipher, former CEO of McDonnell Douglas, became the president and chief operating officer of the newly merged company; the Boeing Company has its corporate headquarters in Illinois. The company is led by CEO Dennis Muilenburg. Boeing is organized into five primary divisions: Boeing Commercial Airplanes. In 2017, Boeing recorded $93.3 billion in sales, ranked 24th on the Fortune magazine "Fortune 500" list, ranked 64th on the "Fortune Global 500" list, ranked 19th on the "World's Most Admired Companies" list.
In March 1910, William E. Boeing bought Heath's shipyard in Seattle on the Duwamish River, which became his first airplane factory. Boeing was incorporated in Seattle by William Boeing, on July 15, 1916, as "Pacific Aero Products Co". Boeing was incorporated in Delaware. Boeing, who studied at Yale University, worked in the timber industry, where he became wealthy and learned about wooden structures; this knowledge proved invaluable in his subsequent assembly of airplanes. The company stayed in Seattle to take advantage of the local supply of spruce wood. One of the two "B&W" seaplanes built with the assistance of George Conrad Westervelt, a U. S. Navy engineer, took its maiden flight on June 15, 1916. Boeing and Westervelt decided to build the B&W seaplane after having flown in a Curtiss aircraft. Boeing bought a Glenn Martin "Flying Birdcage" seaplane and was taught to fly by Glenn Martin himself. Boeing soon crashed the Birdcage and when Martin informed Boeing that replacement parts would not become available for months, Boeing realized he could build his own plane in that amount of time.
He and his friend Cdr. G. C. Westervelt soon produced the B&W Seaplane; this first Boeing airplane was assembled in a lakeside hangar located on the northeast shore of Seattle's Lake Union. Many of Boeing's early planes were seaplanes. On April 6, 1917, the U. S. declared war on Germany and entered World War I. On May 9, 1917, the company became the "Boeing Airplane Company". With the U. S. entering the war, Boeing knew that the U. S. Navy needed seaplanes for training. So Boeing shipped two new Model Cs to Pensacola, where the planes were flown for the Navy; the Navy ordered 50 more. The company moved its operations to a larger former shipbuilding facility known as Boeing Plant 1, located on the lower Duwamish River, Washington state; when World War I ended in 1918, a large surplus of cheap, used military planes flooded the commercial airplane market, preventing aircraft companies from selling any new airplanes, driving many out of business. Others, including Boeing, started selling other products. Boeing built dressers and furniture, along with flat-bottom boats called Sea Sleds.
In 1919 the Boeing B-1 flying boat made its first flight. It accommodated two passengers and some mail. Over the course of eight years, it made international airmail flights from Seattle to Victoria, British Columbia. On May 24, 1920, the Boeing Model 8 made its first flight, it was the first plane to fly over Mount Rainier. In 1923, Boeing entered competition against Curtiss to develop a pursuit fighter for the U. S. Army Air Service. Although Curtiss finished its design first and was awarded the contract, Boeing continued to develop its PW-9 fighter; that plane, along with the Boeing P-12/F4B fighter, made Boeing a leading manufacturer of fighters over the course of the next decade. In 1925, Boeing built its Model 40 mail plane for the U. S. government to use on airmail routes. In 1927, an improved version of this plane was built, the Model 40A which won the U. S. Post Office's contract to deliver mail between San Chicago; the 40A had a passenger cabin that accommodated two. That same year, Boeing created an airline named Boeing Air Transport, which merged a year with Pacific Air Transport and the Boeing Airplane Company.
The first airmail flight for the airline was on July 1, 1927. In 1929 the company merged with Pratt & Whitney, Hamilton Aero Manufacturing Company, Chance Vought under the new title United Aircraft and Transport Corporation; the merge was followed by the acquisition of the Sikorsky Manufacturing Corporation, Stearman Aircraft Corporation, Standard Metal Propeller Company. United Aircraft purchased National Air Transport in 1930. On July 27, 1928, the 12-passenger Boeing 80 biplane made its first flight. With three engines, it was Boeing's first plane built with the sole intention of being a passenger transport. An upgraded version, the 80A, carrying eighteen passengers, made its first flight in September 1929. In the early 1930s Boeing became a leader in all-metal aircraft construction, in the design revolution t
John Randolph Thune is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from South Dakota, a seat he was first elected to in 2004. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the U. S. Representative for South Dakota's at-large congressional district from 1997 to 2003, he became South Dakota's senior U. S. Senator with the retirement of Tim Johnson in 2015, he served as the GOP's Chief Deputy Whip in 2006, chairman of the Republican Policy Committee in June 2009, Republican Conference Chairman in 2011, the third-ranking position in the Senate. He has worked in civic organizations since completing his MBA graduate degree, he is the current dean of South Dakota's congressional delegation. Thune was selected by the Senate Republican Conference to become the Majority Whip for the 116th Congress, succeeding Senator John Cornyn of Texas, term limited in the position. Thune was born in the son of Yvonne Patricia and Harold Richard Thune. Harold Thune was a fighter pilot in the Pacific theater during World War II who flew the Grumman F6F Hellcat.
KELO News reported. He received the Distinguished Flying Cross for shooting down four enemy planes in the Hellcat." Harold Thune flew his missions off the USS Intrepid. Thune's paternal grandfather, Nicholas Thune, was an immigrant from Norway who partnered with his brother Matt to start Thune Hardware stores in Mitchell and Murdo, South Dakota. Thune's maternal grandfather is from Ontario and his mother was born in Saskatchewan. Thune's brother, Richard Thune, is an English teacher at Rowland High School in California. Thune was a star athlete in high school, active in basketball and football, he graduated from Jones County High School in 1979. He played college basketball at Biola University in California, from which he graduated in 1983 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in business. Thune received a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of South Dakota in 1984. After completing his MBA, Thune became involved in politics, he worked as a legislative aide for U. S. Senator James Abdnor from 1985 to 1987.
In 1980 Abdnor had defeated U. S. Senator George McGovern. In 1989 Thune moved back to Pierre, where he served as executive director of the state Republican Party for two years. Thune was appointed Railroad Director of South Dakota by Governor George S. Mickelson, serving from 1991 to 1993. From 1993 to 1996 he was executive director of the South Dakota Municipal League. In 1996 Thune decided to make his first foray into electoral politics by entering the race for South Dakota's lone seat in the U. S. House of Representatives; the Almanac of American Politics said that Thune "entered the 1996 race as much an underdog." His primary opponent was sitting Lt. Governor Carole Hillard of Rapid City, who benefited from the support of the longtime South Dakota governor Bill Janklow. A May 1996 poll showed Hillard ahead of Thune 69%-15%. By relying on strong personal skills and the help of his old network of Abdnor friends, Thune won the primary, defeating Hillard 59%-41%. In the general election, Thune defeated Democrat Rick Weiland, a long-serving aide to U.
S. Senator Tom Daschle, 58%-37%. Thune won his subsequent races for U. S. House by wide margins, he was reelected in 1998 in 2000 with 73 % of the vote. In 2002, after considering a run for governor, Thune set his sights on a run for the U. S. Senate. In 2002 Thune challenged incumbent Democratic U. S. Senator Tim Johnson. Thune lost by only 524 votes. One study concluded: "While the margin of victory was a mere 524 votes, getting into that winning position required a number of important factors, including Native American turnout, the ability of Johnson and his allies to more use the ground war to get their message out, Thune's ineffectiveness on the air and lack of experience in winning competitive elections, low voter turnout in key Republican counties, the drought, the presence of Kurt Evans. Evans, a Libertarian candidate who withdrew from the race, endorsed Thune, but remained on the ballot and siphoned away more votes from Thune than Johnson. Evans received only 3,070 votes, but that ended up being six times greater than the margin of victory."
Despite the close results, Thune did not contest the election. In 2004 Thune challenged Tom Daschle, the United States Senate Minority Leader and leader of the Senate Democrats. In early 2003 Daschle had unexpectedly decided not to run for president. CNN reported that the "announcement surprised some of his closest aides, one of whom told CNN plans were being made for Daschle to announce his candidacy Saturday in his hometown of Aberdeen, South Dakota."This was the most expensive Senate race in 2004, with $30 million spent, the most expensive race in South Dakota history. It was followed in the national media. Thune, along with Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, President of the United States George W. Bush, Vice President Dick Cheney, described Daschle as the "chief obstructionist" of Bush's agenda: "Thune was able to criticize'Daschle for serving incompatible masters' and portray him, as Frist did when he came to South Dakota to campaign for Thune, as a partisan obstructionist and political heir to liberal icon and former Senator George McGovern of South Dakota."Daschle's critics charged the Democrat with using filibusters to block confirmation of several of Bush's nominees to the federal judiciary and of being out of step with South Dakota voters on other political and social issues: "The GOP had targeted Daschle, the Senate minority leader, claiming he had been the chief obstruction to President Bush on such issues as tax cuts, judicial n
The Urban Institute is a Washington D. C.-based think tank that carries out economic and social policy research to "open minds, shape decisions, offer solutions". The institute receives funding from government contracts and private donors; the Urban Institute measures policy effects, compares options, shows which stakeholders get the most and least, tests conventional wisdom, reveals trends, makes costs and risks explicit. The Urban Institute has been referred to as "independent" and as "liberal"; the Urban Institute was established in 1968 by the Lyndon B. Johnson administration to study the nation's urban problems and evaluate the Great Society initiatives embodied in more than 400 laws passed in the prior four years. Johnson hand-selected well-known economists and civic leaders to create the non-partisan, independent research organization, their ranks included Kermit Gordon, McGeorge Bundy, Irwin Miller, Arjay Miller, Richard Neustadt, Cyrus Vance, Robert McNamara. William Gorham, former Assistant Secretary for Health and Welfare, was selected as its first president and served from 1968-2000.
Urban's research and funding base broadened. In 2013, federal government contracts provided about 54% of Urban's operating funds, private foundations another 30%, nonprofits and corporate foundations and local governments, international organizations and foreign entities and Urban's endowment the rest; some of Urban's more than 100 private sponsors and funders include the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation. At any given time 200 or more projects are underway at the Institute. New work includes studies on retirement and aging in America, who pays income taxes, state implementation of the Affordable Care Act, working families and their children, immigrant children in US schools, the cost-effectiveness of crime prevention, the personal and national challenges of long-term unemployment; the Institute studies the family and societal issues faced by prisoners released from prison.
Overseas, UI has had projects in 20 countries, providing technical assistance in decentralization, local governance, service delivery. Many Urban Institute policy centers are recognized as the leading policy institutes in their fields. Urban Institute's staff of 450 works in several research centers and program areas: the Center on Nonprofits and Philanthropy; the Institute houses the Urban Institute – Brookings Institution Tax Policy Center, the National Center for Charitable Statistics and Urban Institute Press. In 2010, the Institute conducted research related to all 50 states and 25 countries; the Institute works with the Association of Fundraising Professionals to produce the Fundraising Effectiveness Project. This report provides a summary of data from several different donor software firms and other data providers such as Bloomerang, DonorPerfect, NeonCRM, the 7th Day Adventists, DataLake, DonorTrends, eTapestry, ResultsPlus, ClearViewCRM. According to the report, donors gave 3% more in 2016 than 2015, but getting $100 cost nonprofits $95.
Sarah Rosen Wartell, a public policy executive and housing markets expert, became the third president of the Urban Institute in February 2012. She succeeded former head of the Congressional Budget Office. Reischauer succeeded William Gorham, founding president, in 2000. Most Urban Institute researchers are economists, social scientists, or public policy and administration researchers. Others are mathematicians, city planners, engineers, or computer scientists. A few have backgrounds in law, or arts and letters. Unique among the nation's largest research organizations, the Institute is 63% female, five of the ten research center directors are women; as of mid-2011, 27% of the Institute's staff is minority. As of 2018, board members are: Jamie S. Gorelick, Freeman A. Hrabowski III, N. Gregory Mankiw, J. Adam Abram, David Autor, Donald A. Baer, Erskine Bowles, Henry Cisneros, Armando Codina, Mitchell E. Daniels Jr. Shaun Donovan, Diana Farrell, Margaret A. Hamburg, Terrence P. Laughlin, Marne L. Levine, Eugene A. Ludwig, Mary J. Miller, Annette L. Nazareth, Deval Patrick, Eduardo Padrón, Charles H. Ramsey, John Wallis Rowe, Arthur I.
Segel, J. Ron Terwilliger, Sarah Rosen Wartell and Anthony A. Williams; the Urban Institute has been referred to as "independent" and as "liberal". A 2005 study of media bias in The Quarterly Journal of Economics ranked UI as the 11th most liberal of the 50 most-cited think tanks and policy groups, placing it between the NAACP and the People for Ethical Treatment of Animals. According to a study by U. S. News & World Report most political campaign donations by Urban Institute employees go to Democratic politicians. Between 2003 and 2010, Urban Institute employees' made $79,529 in political contributions, none of which went to the Republican Party; as of 2016, the Urban Institute had assets of $173,485,876. Official website Urban–Brookings Tax Policy Center Audited financial statements and IRS Form 990 filings