Citroën C3 Picasso
The Citroën C3 Picasso is a mini MPV produced by the French motor company Citroën since 2008. It was first unveiled at the 2008 Paris Motor Show as a concept car named "Drooneel", was designed by Donato Coco and Jean-Pierre Ploué; the Picasso is the mini MPV version of the Citroën C3 and the successor of the Citroën Xsara Picasso, was designed to compete with the Opel Meriva, Nissan Note, Renault Modus and Ford Fusion. The vehicle is a mini Sport Utility Vehicle version of the C3 Picasso for the Latin America market, where it has been sold as the Citroën C3 Aircross since 2010; the first C3 Picasso was assembled in December 2007 at the PSA Trnava Plant in west Slovakia, which Citroën announced from France in July 2008 would be the sole manufacturer of the model. Citroën presented the finished product to the Slovak press and public on 25 September before it was unveiled to the world in October at the 2008 Paris Motor Show; the Trnava Plant by was expected to be building 28 cars per hour as the C3 Picasso went on sale in France in February 2009 for €14,950.
The company began to sell the car in other European markets in March 2009. When launched in Spain in 2009, only three trims were available: SX, or Exclusive; the LX was the most basic and least expensive model, with a 95 bhp VTi engine, priced at €12,590, while the Exclusive model was most expensive with a 110 bhp HDi Airdream engine at €18,650. The C3 Picasso was launched in the United Kingdom on 9 April 2009, where it went on sale for £11,495 for the 1.4-litre VTi, the most basic model with 44 mpg‑imp, while the most expensive was the'Exclusive' with a 1.6-litre HDi engine and 62 mpg‑imp at £15,595. A redesigned version of the car was shown at the 2012 Paris Motor Show on 27 September 2012 and was on sale in Europe by November. Exclusive is the most expensive trim for each market, with the biggest choice of engines and features, it is the only model to feature a folding front passenger seat, making the storage space into the whole interior of the car except the driver's seat. Extras for the trim include: tinted windows, rear parking sensors, automatic windscreen wipers, a leather and chrome interior, pollen filter, dual-zone automatic climate control, which allows for two varying temperature settings in the vehicle.
Blackcherry is a limited edition trim, available in the UK since November 2010 and based on the VTR+. It was sold with the 1.6-litre High-pressure Direct Injection diesel engine. It was discontinued and replaced with the Code Red and Code White in January 2012, which have the same engine. 90th Anniversary. It was created to commemorate 90 years of Citroën and has similar features to the Exclusive trim, sold at the same price and features the MyWay SatNav system, leather upholstery, a commemorative badge on the dashboard emblazoned with the wording "90 Years"; as bonus, it came equipped with £1,000 of extras and was released in an advertising campaign of Anniversary trims for other Citroën models at the same time as the launch of the Limited Edition Millennium trim in France. The model was limited to 150 cars in the UK, of which only one has been registered for use. Millennium; the model has 16-inch alloy wheels, the MyWay SatNav system and radio with built-in Bluetooth and dual-zone automatic climate control.
The car was available in a pearlescent finish. Code Red/Code White was released in January 2012; the limited edition C3 Picasso Code Red and Code White replaced the Blackcherry in the UK. The Code has the same engine as the Blackcherry and has been finely tuned for a marginally increased fuel economy and lower carbon dioxide emissions, it features obsidian black bumpers and 17-inch Polar White or Cherry Red "clover" alloy wheels, can be equipped with extra features, which include roof bars, curtain airbags, cruise control and a speed limiter. Body colours exclusive to the trim are Shark Grey and Cherry Red. Passion Bleus was released in France to celebrate the 2012 European Football Championship; the name is a tribute to the French national football team, which Citroën supports as a partner of the French Football Federation. The advertising campaign for the Passion Bleus involved French footballers, rallying champion Sébastien Loeb, an online Facebook game "Le Pilote et le Bleu". Other Citroën vehicles to receive a Passion Bleus trim were the: C1, C3, C4, C4 Picasso, the Berlingo Multispace.
Music Touch was launched in January 2013 in France. Created through a partnership with Samsung and Universal Music Group, the C3 Picasso Music Touch comes with a free white Samsung Galaxy Tab 16 GB; the obvious styling differences are the additional chrome trims and mirror covers, white pearlescent paint. The Music Touch special series was added to the C4 Picasso, C4 Aircross and Berlingo Multispace vehicles. All C3 Picasso models have an anti-lock braking system, Electronic brakeforce distribution, child locks, remote central locking and two front airbags. Electronic Stability Control, once an option, is now included across the range; the vehicle is only available as a 5-seater, but with all models the three rear seats can be folded flat to increase the boot capacity from 385 litres or 500 litres including the hidden compartment to store the parcel shelf, up to a maximum of 1,506 litres. The Exclusive model features a folding front passenger seat to increase the storage space further. All models in th
Citroën C5 Aircross
The Citroën C5 Aircross is a compact crossover SUV produced by French manufacturer Citroën since 2017. Production started at the Dongfeng-PSA Chengdu plant in China that produces the Peugeot 4008 and 5008 models with the same platform and transmission. In 2018 production of the C5 Aircross started as well in France at the PSA plant in Rennes; this European version will be for sale internationally. The model takes advantage of the 100-million-euro investment share of Groupe PSA.. The Citroën CEO, Linda Jackson, showed on her Twitter page sketches of this future SUV at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show, confirmed that it would be called C5 Aircross; the C5 Aircross name is logical because it is the successor of the C4 Aircross and it is bigger than that model and is on a segment equivalent to that of the Nissan Qashqai. Moreover, the brand does not want to nominally fragment the range of models bearing the number "4", the C5 Aircross must avoid cannibalizing the Peugeot 3008, proposed at a near price.
It must temporarily fill the gap left by the shutdown of production of the C5 sedan in Rennes. The Citroën Aircross concept car was unveiled at the 2015 Shanghai Auto Show; the production version was presented at the 2017 Shanghai Auto Show. Sales on the Chinese market started in the fall of 2017. In Europe, the model will be presented at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show, sales will start at the end of 2018; the C5 Aircross takes the Airbumps of the concept on the sills colored as on the recent C3, the front double-part, inaugurated on the latest Citroën but in a more stretched alternative. The 3D-effect taillights are, abandoned in favor of rectangular four-optical lamps. On the technical side, the C5 Aircross is part of the Citroën "Advanced Comfort" program. Efforts have focused in particular on interior space and interior luminosity and on suspension comfort, via a new progressive hydraulic thrust system. Users benefit from a 12.3" TFT an 8" capacitive HD touchscreen. In terms of driving aids, the C5 Aircross offers in the higher end models, among other things, automatic emergency braking, blind spot monitoring or adaptive cruise control.
There are proven technologies of PSA as the Grip Control and start assist. Acoustic insulation is excellent thanks to an laminated double glazed windscreen and, on the top model, front side windows; the European version has a choice of two petrol engines: the 1.2 PureTech 130 hp and the 1.6 PureTech 180 hp, as well as two Diesel versions: the 1.5 BlueHDi 130 hp and the 2.0 BlueHDi 180 hp. Depending on the version, these different engines can be coupled to a six-speed manual gearbox, or eight-speed EAT8 automatic transmission. Citroën announced that the C5 Aircross will be the first Citroën vehicle equipped with a plug-in hybrid power train at the end of 2019, which should offer a range of 60 km in all-electric mode; the engine options in China are the for PSA China standard modern turbocharged 1.6 and 1.8 engines that are used as well in the Chinese Citroën C5 and C6 and the Peugeot 4008 and 5008 and the Peugeot 508 and some DS models. All these models use the 6 speed third generation Tiptronic automatic transmission.
The European and Chinese cars are much alike apart from the engine and gearbox options. The main difference is the rear seats; the European version has three individual adjustable and foldable seats while the Chinese model has a fixed folding 2/3 bench at the back. In Europe 7 colour options are available while in China there are 5. Since the introduction of the model in September 2017, 23,000 units were sold in China that year; the vast majority of the models sold in China are in white. The color contrast used in the front bumper, the side door padding and the roof supports are most noticeable with this color because they are orange-red; the car in the picture above carries red ribbons on the wheels and mirrors, common practice in China when delivering a new car. Official website China: http://www.dongfeng-citroen.com.cn/c5aircross/
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën. In 1934, the firm established its reputation for innovative technology with the Traction Avant; this car was the world's first mass-produced front wheel drive car, one of the first to feature a unitary type body, with no chassis supporting the mechanical components. In 1954 they produced the world's first hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension system in 1955, the revolutionary DS, the first mass-produced car with modern disc brakes and, in 1967, they introduced in several of their models swiveling headlights that allowed for greater visibility on winding roads. With a successful history in motorsport, Citroën is the only automobile manufacturer to have won three different official championships from the International Automobile Federation: the World Rally Raid Championship five times, the World Rally Championship eight times and the World Touring Car Championship.
Citroën has been selling vehicles in China since 1984 via the Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën joint venture, which today represents a major market for the brand. In 2014, when PSA Peugeot Citroën ran into severe financial difficulties, the Dongfeng Motor Corporation took an ownership stake. André Citroën built armaments for France during World War I. There was nothing automatic about his decision to become an automobile manufacturer once the war was over: the automotive business was one that Citroën knew well, thanks to a successful six-year stint working with Mors between 1908 and the outbreak of war; the decision to switch to automobile manufacturing was evidently taken as early as 1916, the year when Citroën asked the engineer Louis Dufresne with Panhard, to design a technically-sophisticated 18HP automobile for which he could use his factory once peace returned. Long before that happened, however, he had modified his vision and decided, like Henry Ford, that the best post-war opportunities in auto-making would involve a lighter car of good quality, but made in sufficient quantities to be priced enticingly.
In February 1917 Citroën contacted another engineer, Jules Salomon, who had a considerable reputation within the French automotive sector as the creator, in 1909, of a little car called Le Zèbre. André Citroën's mandate was characteristically demanding and characteristically simple: to produce an all-new design for a 10 HP car that would be better equipped, more robust and less costly to produce than any rival product at the time; the result was the Type A, announced to the press in March 1919, just four months after the guns fell silent. The first production Type A emerged from the factory at the end of May 1919 and in June it was exhibited at a show room at Number 42, on the Champs-Élysées in Paris which sold Alda cars. Citroën persuaded the owner of the Alda business, Fernand Charron, to lend him the show-room, still in use today; this C42 showroom is where the company organises exhibitions and shows its vehicles and concept cars. A few years Charron would be persuaded to become a major investor in the Citroën business.
On 7 July 1919, the first customer took delivery of a new Citroën 10HP Type A. That same year, André Citroën negotiated with General Motors a proposed sale of the Citroën company; the deal nearly closed, but General Motors decided that its management and capital would be too overstretched by the takeover. Thus Citroën remained independent till 1935. Between 1921 and 1937, Citroën produced half-track vehicles for off-road and military uses, using the Kégresse track system. In the 1920s, the U. S. Army purchased several Citroën-Kégresse vehicles for evaluation followed by a licence to produce them; this resulted in the Army Ordnance Department building a prototype in 1939. In December 1942, it went into production with the M2 Half Track M3 Half-track versions; the U. S. produced more than 41,000 vehicles in over 70 versions between 1940 and 1944. After their 1940 occupation of France, the Nazi's captured many of the Citroën half-track vehicles and armored them for their own use. Mr Citroën was a keen marketer: he used the Eiffel Tower as the world's largest advertising sign, as recorded in Guinness World Records.
He sponsored expeditions in Asia, North America and Africa, demonstrating the potential for motor vehicles equipped with the Kégresse track system to cross inhospitable regions. These expeditions conveyed journalists. Demonstrating extraordinary toughness, a 1923 Citroën that had travelled 48,000 km was the first car to be driven around Australia; the car, a 1923 Citroën 5CV Type C Torpedo, was driven by Neville Westwood from Perth, Western Australia, on a round trip from August to December 1925. This vehicle is now restored and in the collection of the National Museum of Australia. In 1924, Citroën began a business relationship with the American engineer Edward G. Budd. From 1899, Budd had worked to develop stainless steel bodies for railroad cars, for the Pullman in particular. Budd went on to manufacture steel bodies for many automakers. At the Paris Motor Show in October 1924, Citroën introduced the Citroën B10, the first all-steel body in Europe; these automobiles were successful in the marketplace, but soon competitors introduced new body des
The Citroën Elysée is a small family saloon car produced for the Chinese domestic market by the Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën Automobile, a joint venture between the French PSA Group and the Chinese manufacturer Dongfeng Motor. Production commenced in June 2002; the Elysée was designed in China and is derived from the Citroën ZX, with many parts taken from the Citroën Xsara and Citroën Saxo. The car has a VTS sport version with only red colour; the Elysée VIP version was launched in 2005. The VIP is a stretched variant of the Elysée with a wheelbase extended by 15 centimetres and more luxurious interior taking similar styling cues to the Citroën Fukang, it ended production in 2010. The facelifted C Elysée was introduced on April 2008, at the Beijing International Motor Show; the front and rear ends are reworked, bringing the model in line with Citroën's current corporate design. At the end of February 2009 an Elysée hatchback joined the range, replacing the previous Citroën Fukang, it is powered by the 1.6 L PSA TU5 JP4 engine, producing 109 hp.
The second generation, called Citroën C-Elysée, is built in Vigo, along with the Peugeot 301, on which it is based, for markets in North Africa, South America and Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Southern Europe. The C-Elysée is manufactured in China, as is its predecessor. A facelift was presented at the end of 2016 and sales began in the second quarter of 2017, with the main changes being the front lights and rear lights, a multimedia touchscreen entertainment system compatible with Android Auto, Apple Carplay; the car offers a rear camera as an option. In 2013, Citroën Racing created a new sub-division, the Citroën World Touring Car Team, in order to begin to run in addition in the 2014 World Touring Car Championship; the name Citroën C-Elysée WTCC has been chosen for the race car running in this world competition. It was developed in a few months, thanks to the experience of the Citroën World Rally Team; the Citroën World Touring Car Team won fourteen victories out of the fifteen first races of the 2014 WTCC season, in spite of the handicap of the 60 kg Compensation Weight put to the leading cars.
The Citroën/Total WTCC Team won the Manufacturer's WTCC Championship, 5 races before the end of the season, after the 2014 Shanghai first race, where Citroën recorded a magnificent one-two-three-four. The Citroën World Touring Car Team pilots got the three first ranks of the Drivers' World Touring Car Championship. CITROËNS: Donfeng Citroën Elysée at Citroënët
The Citroën C1 is a city car produced by the French manufacturer Citroën since June 2005. The C1 was developed as part of the B-Zero project by PSA Peugeot Citroën, in a joint venture with Toyota; the Peugeot 107 is identical to the C1, other than the front bumper and front and rear lights, while the Toyota Aygo is more differentiated, but still similar like its Asian made facelifted Yaris hatchback and sedan and facelifted third generation Vios. All of them are built at the new facilities of the TPCA joint venture in the city of Kolín, Czech Republic; the project was presented for the first time at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show. The cars are three door or five door hatchbacks measuring 3.40 metres in length. The body was designed by Donato Coco. A notable feature of the five door C1 and 107, though not the Aygo, is the large tail light cluster, which extends from the edge of the rear doors to the rear window, meaning there is no external metal "C-pillar"; the C1 is powered by a 1.0 L three cylinder engine.
A 1.4 L four cylinder HDI diesel engine which has a fuel economy of 68.9 mpg is available. According to the German magazine Der Spiegel, the C1 is the production car with the second-best fuel economy both among petrol engines and among diesel engines. In January 2010, PSA Peugeot Citroën announced that it is recalling "under 100,000 units" of the C1 and the Peugeot 107, following the worldwide recall by Toyota for a faulty sticking accelerator pedal – in which the Aygo is affected. Under certain circumstances, the pedal can stick in a depressed position, or return to the off position; the Vibe, three door or five door, this was the cheapest. Only available with the 1.0i engine. The Rhythm, three door or five door, this trim added remote central locking, colour coded wing mirrors, two side airbags and an engine rev counter; the 1.4 HDi diesel and the 1.0i petrol engines were both available with this trim. The Code, available in both three or five door and with the 1.4 HDi engine, added to the Rhythm specification by including 14 inch alloy wheels, half leather trimmed seats, chrome interior trim inserts and glove box cover.
Special editions The Cool – based on the Vibe, adding Air Conditioning and blue seat fabrics/dashboard inserts, available in Lipizan White or Damas Blue. The Airplay – based on the Rhythm, adding full iPod connectivity, iPod cradle, a 4 GB iPod Nano and coloured dashboard inserts and door pulls. Early models were available with swirling decals; this model was revealed at the 2006 British International Motor Show in July 2006. Designer Franco Sbarro created an extreme C1, called the C1 GT, a design concept that follows the same theme of his previous Xsara Picasso Concept; the extreme bodywork feature wide wheels and gullwing doors, alongside a modified 1.6L 125 PS engine from the C2VTR and C4 WRC rallycar brakes. It's said to have reached over 130 mph. In Portugal, a commercial van version called the Entreprise is offered, equipped with the 1.4L diesel engine and available only in the three door body, for urban use. It's 107 sibling offers an identical version. In the United Kingdom, the Electric Car Corporation has been selling an electric car based on the C1, called the Citroën C1 ev'ie since 30 April 2009.
Its list price on that date was £16,850, "double the cost of the petrol version". In January 2009, the Citroën C1 was facelifted at the same time as the Peugeot Toyota Aygo; the new C1 features a new front bumper incorporating a new grille, in keeping with Citroën's family look. Trim levels were refreshed – basic Vibe models became'VT', Rhythm became'VTR'. Seat fabrics and ventilation controls were changed, all models received colour coded front bumpers and new wheel trims. A special edition "Splash" was available at launch, though this was a limited edition; this was based on the basic "VT". However, it featured CD player, electric front windows; the Splash model was available in Lipizan White. Electra Blue came with white door mirrors, whilst the Lipizan White came with glossy black door mirrors. Engines remained the same, but tweaks mean the 1.0 petrol now emits just 106 g/km of CO2 and able to achieve 72 mpg‑imp fuel consumption. The 1.4 HDi diesel engine remains again only available in the higher specification.
Three new colours were added to the line up. Citroën made a further facelift in March 2012. Changes included. VTR + became the entry level. Breakdown statistics reported by the German Automobile Club in May 2010 placed the Citroën C1 at the top of the sub small car class, in respect of the low breakdown rates achieved for cars aged between one and four years. Class laggards were the Smart Fortwo; the Euro NCAP score was reduced from 4 stars to 3 stars for the facelift of 2012. At the 2014 Geneva Motor Show, Citroën revealed the new look redesigned version of the C1, built at a factory of the Toyota Peugeot Citroën Automobile Czech in a
The DS 4S is a premium compact hatchback car designed and developed by the DS division of the French automaker PSA Peugeot Citroën. It was unveiled on the 2015 Guangzhou Auto Show, it is produced and sold only in China and will be positioned between the DS4 and the DS5. It was launched on the Chinese car market in April 2016, its sedan version is the DS 5LS. Official website
The Pullman Car Company, founded by George Pullman, manufactured railroad cars in the mid-to-late 19th century through the first half of the 20th century, during the boom of railroads in the United States. Through rapid late nineteenth century development of mass production, takeover of rivals, the company developed a virtual monopoly on production and ownership of sleeper cars. At its peak in the early 20th century, its cars accommodated 26 million people a year, it in effect operated "the largest hotel in the world", its production workers lived in a planned worker community named Pullman, Chicago. Pullman developed the sleeping car. Pullman did not just manufacture the cars, it operated them on most of the railroads in the United States, paying railroad companies to couple the cars to trains; the labor union associated with the company, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and organized by A. Philip Randolph, was one of the most powerful African-American political entities of the 20th century.
The company built thousands of streetcars and trolley buses for use in cities. Post World War II changes in automobile and airplane transport led to a steep decline in the company's fortunes, it folded in 1968. After spending the night sleeping in his seat on a train trip from Buffalo to Westfield, New York, George Pullman was inspired to design an improved passenger railcar that contained sleeper berths for all its passengers. During the day, the upper berth was folded up overhead somewhat like a modern airliner's overhead luggage compartment. At night, the upper berth folded down and the two facing seats below it folded over to provide a comfortable lower berth. Although this was a somewhat spartan accommodation by today's standards, it was a great improvement on the previous layout. Curtains provided privacy, there were washrooms at each end of the car for men and women; the first Pullman coach was built at the Chicago & Alton shops in Bloomington, Illinois in the spring of 1859 with the permission of Chicago & Alton President Joel A. Matteson.
Pullman established his company in 1862 and built luxury sleeping cars which featured carpeting, upholstered chairs, card tables and an unparalleled level of customer service. Patented paper car wheels provided a quieter and smoother ride than conventional cast iron wheels from 1867 to 1915. Once a household name due to their large market share, the Pullman Company is known for the bitter Pullman Strike staged by their workers and union leaders in 1894. During an economic downturn, Pullman reduced hours and wages but not rents, precipitating the strike. Workers joined the American Railway Union, led by Eugene V. Debs. After George Pullman's death in 1897, Robert Todd Lincoln, son of Abraham Lincoln, became company president. Pullman purchased the Standard Steel Car Company in 1930 amid the Great Depression, the merged entity was known as Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company; the company closed its factory in the Pullman neighborhood of Chicago in 1955. The company ceased production after the Amtrak Superliner cars in 1982 and its remaining designs were purchased in 1987 when it was absorbed by Bombardier.
The original Pullman Palace Car Co. had been organized on February 22, 1867. On January 1, 1900, after buying numerous associated and competing companies, it was reorganized as The Pullman Co. characterized by its trademark phrase, "Travel and Sleep in Safety and Comfort." In 1924, Pullman Car & Manufacturing Co. was organized from the previous Pullman manufacturing department, to consolidate the car building interests of The Pullman Co. The parent company, The Pullman Co. was reorganized as Pullman, Inc. on June 21, 1927. The best years for Pullman were the mid-1920s. In 1925, the fleet grew to 9800 cars. Twenty-eight thousand conductors and twelve thousand porters were employed by the Pullman Co. Pullman built its last standard heavyweight sleeping car in February 1931. Pullman purchased controlling interest in Standard Steel Car Company in 1929, on December 26, 1934, Pullman Car & Manufacturing, merged with Standard Steel Car Co. to form the Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company. Pullman-Standard remained in the rail car manufacturing business until 1982.
Standard Steel Car Co. had been organized on January 2, 1902, to operate a railroad car manufacturing facility at Butler and was reorganized as a subsidiary of Pullman, Inc. on March 1, 1930. In 1940, just as orders for lightweight cars were increasing and sleeping car traffic was growing, the United States Department of Justice filed an anti-trust complaint against Pullman Incorporated in the U. S. District Court at Philadelphia; the government sought to separate the company's sleeping car operations from its manufacturing activities. In 1944, the court concurred, ordering Pullman Incorporated to divest itself of either the Pullman Company or the Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company. After three years of negotiations, the Pullman Company was sold to a consortium of fifty-seven railroads for around US$40 million. In 1943, Pullman Standard established a shipbuilding division and dived into wartime small ship design and construction; the yard was located near Lake Calumet in Chicago, on the north side of 130th Street, at the most southerly point of Lake Michigan.
Pullman built the boats in 40-ton blocks which were assembled in a fabrication shop on 111th Street and moved to the yard on gondola cars. In two years, the company built 34 Corvette PCEs, which were 180 feet long and weighed 640 tons, 44 LSMs, which were 203 feet long and weigh