City of Glass (Stan Kenton album)
City of Glass, an album issued as a 10" LP by Stan Kenton, consists of the music of Bob Graettinger. The original album has been reconstituted in different LP re-issues, the entire set of Kenton/Graettinger Capitol Records sessions is on the digital CD City of Glass. There is a great deal written in music history books about the period of artistic experimentalism after World War II in Europe and the United States. Much like the period in France after the Franco-Prussian War and in the late 19th century, the pre/post World War I period of, the post World War I period of Modernism was no different with composers trying to'write music for the sake of music' and not attaching it to a social meaning or meant for a social cause; the LP City of Glass and the whole body of work from the Stan Kenton orchestra and Robert Graettinger is a direct product of the experimental American music scene of the post World War II era. Though overshadowed by other compositional endeavours in jazz at the time attributed to George Russell, Neal Hefti or Lennie Tristano and City of Glass is important in the progress, to be part of Third stream jazz.
This overall period of the Kenton orchestra was the most innovative and fertile in terms of purely artistic output. Stan Kenton had reformed his orchestra in September 1947 with the avowed intention of playing "progressive" jazz designed for the concert hall. Graettinger's music involves a great artistic departure for Kenton so to produce a New American music. City of Glass and those Capitol Records recording sessions become a logical step starting with band leaders such as James Reese Europe, Paul Whiteman, others earlier attempting to elevate the art form of jazz beyond just "hot jazz" and jam session playing. There is a clear connection to be made in the progress and innovation of large ensemble music that Graettinger's opus's fit into and would not just'appear out of nowhere.' Contemporaries of the Kenton/Graettinger collaboration during that time such as Ralph Burns with Woody Herman, Boyd Raeburn and Claude Thornhill help to clarify the important place where City of Glass sits in jazz history, though Graettinger's output and fame was affected by the AF of M recording ban.
The City of Glass sessions are part of a bigger portrait making Graettinger an important figure in the painting. Better than any other writer, Robert Graettinger fulfilled Kenton's aspirations to establish a New American Music. Robert Graettinger's "Thermopylae" is the first Graettinger work recorded by the Kenton Orchestra. Venudor's and Cox's comparison to Alexander Mosolov's Iron Foundry is not too far off but Thermopylae can better be compared to Italian Futurism music as well as larger more involved movements of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn's suites of the time. Graettinger's treatment of the sax section juxtaposed against the straight 8th note pulse with Weidler's muscular'Hodgesesque' lead alto playing places the work in the camp of Ellington's'Jungle Music,' the influence of Benny Carter's playing and writing is evident also. Graettinger's intention is far closer to jazz than to the modernism of Russians or any classical music of the time. Second alto saxophonist/clarinetist Art Pepper sums up the comparison to Ellington this way, "...
Graettinger didn't just write for sections. It was so difficult to play because you were independent of the guy next to you." The arrangement of Matt Dennis's Everything Happens To Me was not done under Kenton's aegis but with Christy's to be husband Bob Cooper as the leader just after the second AFM recording ban. This is added to the CD and shows the continuity of Graettinger's writing and recorded works for Capitol; the small 11 piece group provides some real insight to the inner workings of Graettinger's writing. The aesture nature of his arrangement and use of pantonality makes one wonder how June Christy is able to pick off the 9th of the F minor chord at the top of the tune. After first stating the entire tune there is a tutti ensemble section that gives way to the'last'A' of the form', his harmonic transitions between sections are key in their departure from the tune compared to the established harmony while June Christy sings. Of the works recorded by Capitol Records, "Incident in Jazz" is the most compositionally unified of Graettinger's and shows his full capabilities as an orchestral writer in progressive jazz or as a Third stream music composer.
This is part of the new "Innovations" orchestra that Stan Kenton had marshalled into the studio to record these groundbreaking sides. Kenton comments on the unprecedented conditions this orchestra operated under, "The Capitol people were with me all the way. There were tremendous sums of money involved in recording this orchestra and selling
Westland (region), Netherlands
Westland is a region of the Netherlands and lies in the western part of the Province of South Holland. It consists of the municipalities of Westland and Midden-Delfland, of the town of Hook of Holland. Westland is well known for its horticulture in glasshouses, hence its nickname the glass city
Glass Castle is a 2008 South Korean television series that aired on SBS from September 6, 2008, to March 1, 2009, on Saturdays and Sundays at 20:50 for 51 episodes. Yoon So-yi stars as an ambitious and tough reporter whose life and career take a turn after she falls for a charming and persistent suitor, marries him, but her aspirations of becoming a great reporter are put on hold while she struggles with her new life as the daughter-in-law of a rich, influential but controlling chaebol family. On the sidelines is her mentor and friend, a head newscaster for whom she develops uncertain feelings. Growing up in a poor family, Min-joo lands a job as a news correspondent with JBC Networks after two previous failed attempts, she works hard to gain recognition as a reporter but faces a career setback due to a stroke of bad luck. With strong support from Seok-jin, she is able to get her career back on track. Although she has feelings for Seok-jin, she is reluctant to date him because he is a single father with one daughter.
Meanwhile, Joon-sung, the scion of a wealthy family, enters her life and proposes marriage to her after a brief courtship. She becomes the envy of her friends when she marries him because her life is like a modern version of the Cinderella fairy tale, her life as the daughter-in-law of a wealthy family is wonderful at first but she becomes disillusioned with her marriage when her in-laws begin to look down on her and smother her personal life. Against the wishes of her in-laws, she returns to work as a news correspondent and soon learns that the adopted son of her brother-in-law is the son of her husband from a previous relationship. Shocked at this revelation, she realizes that she loved Joon-sung for his family wealth and not for who he was. After contemplating on what to do, she decides. Joon-sung, agrees to part ways in an amicable divorce without telling her that the adopted son of his brother is the posthumous child of his second brother... Yoon So-yi as Jung Min-joo, 26 years oldMin-joo is a hard worker.
She believes in justice and that if you work hard at your dreams they will come true. This is how she became a news announcer at JBC. After failing the exam/interview twice she gets her hand at being a reporter. While her true dream is to become a news anchor, she can't believe her luck when she is given this chance while on assignment, she is praised for a job well done, but she can't help but notice that her role model, Seok-jin, doesn't seem to notice. She doesn't understand why he gives her such a hard time and is secretly infuriated with him because of his rudeness. In the meantime, she runs into Joon-sung. While he doesn't give her a good impression at first, she warms up to him and is astonished when she finds out that he is the son of Yoo Sung Group. Throughout this story she will come face to face with two kinds of love, from Joon-sung and from Seok-jin. Lee Jin-wook as Kim Joon-sung, 32 years oldJoon-sung a little smarter. After seeing how loveless his older brother's marriage is, Joon-sung is determined to fall in love with someone who he can remain passionate with for the rest of his life.
Until that time, he continues to work for Yoo Sung Group. While he works for a corporation during the day, at night he plays at a local jazz club, his real dream is to become a guitarist in a band... While driving at night he hits a young woman, crossing the street on a red light; this woman is Min-joo. While he wouldn't think twice about such an odd encounter, he picks up her diary/calendar and realizes what a spunky woman she is, he is determined to get to know her and it is during this time that the two fall in love. Kim Seung-soo as Park Seok-jin, 37 years oldSeok-jin is cold to those who have not yet earned their place, how he acts toward the fresh, young Min-joo. He's skilled at what he does and knows it, but he attributes it to his passion for the industry and the hard work that got him there, he comes from a humble background and has a daughter from a loving relationship. As he gets to know Min-joo he realizes he has feelings for her, but he doesn't let this make him treat her any differently from others.
He gives her a hard time, but only. When he discovers that his feelings are deeper than he thought, he tries to figure out whether or not to hide them because of his past, whether or not she deserves better. Jung familyLee Hye-sook as Han Yang-sook Lee Han-wi as Son Dong-sik Han Yeo-reum as Kang Hye-young Shin Dong-woo as Son Kang-min Kim familyPark Geun-hyung as Kim Doo-hyung Park Won-sook as Yoon In-kyung Jang Hyun-sung as Kim Gyu-sung Yang Jung-a as Oh Yoo-ran Yoo Seo-jin as Kim Joon-hee?? as Kim Seung-ha?? as Kim Moo-sung Park familyJung Jae-soon as Yoon In-suk Lee Joo-yeon as Park Seul-ki Other peopleJung Jin-moo as Jang Tae-soo Kim Sun-hwa as Chun Ok-ja Song Ji-eun as Song Ji-yeon Yoon A-jung as Lee Joo-hee Jung Da-young as Seo Ye-kyung Seo Jin-wook as Min Ji-hwan Yoo Tae-woong as prosecutor Lee Hyung-suk Song Seo-yeon as Song Ji-yeon Kang Chan-yang as Kang Mi-ae Lee Sol-gu as hostage t
City of Glass (film)
City of Glass is a 1998 Hong Kong romance film written and directed by Mabel Cheung and starring Leon Lai, Shu Qi, Nicola Cheung and Daniel Wu. On New Year's Day 1997, a car accident in London, England claims the lives of Vivien; the couple was once young lovers during their days at the University of Hong Kong in the 1970s, but had drifted apart and ended up marrying other people and raising their own families. However, they reunited in the 1990s and their love rekindled. After their funeral, Raphael's son and Vivien's daughter, learned of their parents' affair and embark on a journey to discover their secret lives. In the end, the two fall in love. Leon Lai as Raphael Hui Kong-sun Shu Qi as Mrs. Vivien Hung Nicola Cheung as Susie Hung Daniel Wu as David Hui Vincent Kok as Derek Pauline Yam as Raphael's wife Eason Chan as Hung Ping-ching Elaine Jin as Vivien's mom Joe Cheung as Raphael's dad Henry Fong as Vivien's dad Chan Ka-hung as Taxi driver #1 Jimmy Wong as Taxi driver #2 Benny Tse as Taxi driver #3 Wong Sze-yan as Flat buyer Hung Yip as Flate buyer's wife Tong Man-yee as Tiger Singh Laura Clarke as Marliane Griffith Richard Hampton as London detective Muk Sing as Leader of students' protest in'70s Poon Wai-ka as Student of the'70s An Mei-tik as Student of the'70s Wong Fat as Student of the'70s Tam Tik-si as Student of the'70s Leung Suk-chin as Student of the'70s Mak Nga-ka as Student of the'70s Chang Yat-man as Student of the'70s Man Wai-ling as Student of the'70s Yu Hoi-man as Student of the'70s Chan Kit-chi as Student of the'70s Ngai Hoi-yin as Student of the'70s Poon Man-wai as Student of the'70s Yip Tin-pui as Student of the'70s Leung Sin-hang as Student of the'70s Chan Chun-shing as Student of the'70s Leung Kwok-po as Student of the'70s Yan Shui-tong as Student of the'70s Luk Yuk-wai as Student of the'70s Cheung Wing-hang as Student of the'70s Cheung Sau-wai as Student of the'70s Ng Wai-san as Student of the'70s Cheung Hok-ming as Student of the'70s Ben Cheung as Student of the'70s Szeto Chi-kit as Student of the'70s Tang Wing-san as Uncle Henry Chow Ka-lai as Veterinarian Fong Jing-to as Member of band Poon Pau-lok as Member of band Leung Kam-biu as Member of band Carthy Rosslyn as Warden of Lady Hall Chui Wing-suen as Dr. Bernadette Tsui Hung Man-ling as Student of the'90s Lam Yuk-jan as Student of the'90s Lam Siu-bing as Student of the'90s Luk Yan as Student of the'90s Yeung Lam as Student of the'90s Cheung Pui-san as Student of the'90s Yeung Yat-man as Student of the'90s Lee Pui-ling as Student of the'90s Cheung Yuet-fan as Student of the'90s Chan Ka-ying as Student of the'90s Yiu Koon-tung as Student of the'90s Lee Hon-wai as Student of the'90s Chan Chui-hung as Student of the'90s Wong Yan-wing as Student of the'90s Chan Man-ho as Student of the'90s Ng Shiu-wa as Student of the'90s Lee Hon-ban as Student of the'90s Chan Cheuk-wing as Student of the'90s Chiu Kin-tong as Student of the'90s Yau Wai-hung as Student of the'90s Leung Wing-ban as Chinese language teacher Paul Cliff as Pilot trainer Hogan Ho as Pilot trainer Charles Montgomery as Pilot trainer Sam Pau-man as Paul Paul Harrington as Riot Central Officer Craig Leeson as Riot Central Officer Verner Dickley as Judge David Rosslyn as Professor The film was deemed a modest commercial success, grossing HK$9 million in its 1998 Hong Kong theatrical release.
Critical commentary perceived the film as a metaphorical comment on the end of British rule in Hong Kong after the handover to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. City of Glass on IMDb HK Cinemagic entry
The New York Trilogy
The New York Trilogy is a series of novels by Paul Auster. Published sequentially as City of Glass and The Locked Room, it has since been collected into a single volume. Ostensibly presented as detective fiction, the stories of The New York Trilogy have been described as "meta-detective-fiction", "anti-detective fiction", "mysteries about mysteries", a "strangely humorous working of the detective novel", "very soft-boiled", a "metamystery" and a "mixture between the detective story and the nouveau roman"; this may classify Auster as a postmodern writer whose works are influenced by the "classical literary movement" of American postmodernism through the 1960s and 70s. There is, however, "a certain coherence in the narrative discourse, a neo-realistic approach and a show of responsibility for social and moral aspects going beyond mere metafictional and subversive elements", which distinguish him from a "traditional" postmodern writer; the New York Trilogy is a particular form of postmodern detective fiction which still uses well-known elements of the detective novel but creates a new form that links "the traditional features of the genre with the experimental and ironic features of postmodernism."
A 2006 reissue by Penguin Books is fronted by new pulp magazine-style covers by comic book illustrator Art Spiegelman. The first story, City of Glass, features a detective fiction writer-become-private investigator who descends into madness as he becomes embroiled in a case, it explores layers of identity and reality, from Paul Auster the writer of the novel to the unnamed "author" who reports the events as reality to "Paul Auster the writer", a character in the story, to "Paul Auster the detective", who may or may not exist in the novel, to Peter Stillman the younger, to Peter Stillman the elder and to Daniel Quinn, protagonist. "City of Glass" has an intertextual relationship with Cervantes' Don Quixote. Not only does the protagonist Daniel Quinn share his initials with the knight, but when Quinn finds "Paul Auster the writer," Auster is in the midst of writing an article about the authorship of Don Quixote. Auster calls his article an "imaginative reading," and in it he examines possible identities of Cide Hamete Benengeli, the narrator of the Quixote.
The second story, Ghosts, is about a private eye called Blue, trained by Brown, investigating a man named Black on Orange Street for a client named White. Blue writes written reports to White. Blue loses himself as he becomes immersed in the life of Black; the Locked Room is the story of a writer. Fanshawe, his childhood friend, has produced creative work, when he disappears the writer publishes his work and replaces him in his family; the title is a reference to a popular form of early detective fiction. City of Glass was adapted in 1994 into a critically acclaimed experimental graphic novel by Paul Karasik and David Mazzucchelli, it was published as City of Glass: A Graphic Mystery in 2004. In 2009, Audible.com produced an audio version of The New York Trilogy, narrated by Joe Barrett, as part of its Modern Vanguard line of audiobooks. In 2016, Edward Einhorn adapted City of Glass as a play Off-Broadway, at the New Ohio In 2017, Duncan Macmillan produced another adaptation as a play, which showed for a short period at HOME in Manchester, before transferring to the Lyric, Hammersmith.
It was a co-production between HOME, the Lyric, 59 Productions. Auster, Paul The New York Trilogy. ISBN 9780571152230. BooksBarone, Dennis Beyond the Red Notebook ISBN 0812215567. Two essays on City of Glass and The Locked Room, respectively. Bloom, Harold Bloom's Modern Critical Views: Paul Auster ISBN 0791076628. Several essays on The New York Trilogy. Martin, Brendan Paul Auster's Postmodernity ISBN 041596203X. Nicol, Bran The Cambridge Introduction to Postmodern Fiction ISBN 9780521679572. Chapter 7,'Two postmodern genres: cyberpunk and detective fiction', includes a section on City of Glass. Links to discussion of the work Paul Auster's "The New York Trilogy" as Postmodern Detective Fiction Blue print of relationships inside City of Glass "The New York Trilogy by Paul Auster", reviewed by Ted Gioia
Robert Frederick Graettinger was an American composer, best known for his work with Stan Kenton. Graettinger grew up in Ontario, learning to play the saxophone in high school. While at school he began arranging music. In the 1940s he played alto sax with Benny Carter among others. Around this time he focused more on composing. In 1947 he offered a short composition, "Thermopylae", to Stan Kenton. Graettinger came up with "City of Glass", a four-part tone poem. At this time he was studying composition under Russell Garcia. Graettinger's radical polystylistic soundworld, with its polyphonic density and bracing atonality, while drawing on ideas explored by the likes of Charles Ives, Igor Stravinsky, Aaron Copland and Arnold Schoenberg, still remains distinctive, he died aged only 33, of lung cancer. Thermopylae 1947 Everything Happens To Me 1947 A Presentation of Progressive Jazz Innovations in Modern Music 1950 Stan Kenton Presents 1950 City of Glass 1951 The Kenton Era 1952 This Modern World 1953 City of Glass: Robert Graettinger 1994 The Ebony Big Band: Live at the Paradiso — Robert Graettinger 1998 Progressive Jazz 2009 2009 + indicates original composition Afternoon + April in Paris April in Paris woodwinds and strings Autumn in New York The Beachcomber A Cello Cello Solo City of Glass City of Glass Innovations Orchestra Condolence + Cuban Pastorale + Everything Happens to Me June Christy vocal Fine and Dandy June Christy vocal Graettinger No. 2 + A Horn + House of Strings + I Only Have Eyes for You I'm in the Mood for Love Incident in Jazz + Irresistible You Laura Lover Man June Christy vocal Modern Opus + Molshoaro + An Orchestra + Some Saxophones + Thermopylae + A Thought + A Thought + Too Marvelous for Words Transparency A Trumpet + Maynard Ferguson feature Untitled + Untitled + Untitled Piece for Innovations Orchestra + Untitled Piece for Jazz Band + Untitled Piece for Jazz Band + Untitled Piece for Jazz Band + Untitled Piece for Jazz Band + Conte Candoli feature Untitled Piece for Jazz Band + Frank Rosolino feature Untitled Piece for Jazz Band + Untitled Piece For Jazz Band + Untitled Piece for Strings + Walkin' By The River Yenta + Robert Badgett Morgan: The Music and Life of Robert Graettinger, University of Illinois, 1974.
Irwin Chusid: "Songs in the Key of Z", chapter 18 W. F. Lee: Stan Kenton: Artistry in Rhythm, Los Angeles, 1980
City of Glass (Clare novel)
City of Glass is the third book in the urban fantasy series The Mortal Instruments by Cassandra Clare. In 2009, Walker Books published the third book of the series worldwide, it is a journey that explores Simon's and Clary's experience in the Shadowhunter city, Clary works on saving her mother, as they travel from New York institute to Alicante, Idris. Clary is at Luke's house with Simon packing for her trip to Idris, in which both of them have conversations based on Clary's goal to save her mother and the struggle she will face when she reaches Idris. Jace persuades Simon to lie and say that Clary decided not to go to Idris, in order to protect her from the Clave, who he feels will try to mold her into a weapon; when Clary visits the Institute, Magnus tells her that the Lightwoods had to travel through the portal, due to an attack by Forsaken. During the battle, Simon is injured and Jace takes him to Idris to save his life. With her power to create runes, Clary is able to create a portal and she travels with Luke through the portal.
As Simon wakes up to realize that he was pulled through the portal and now is in Alicante, he realizes the truth behind Jace's motivation to not make Clary come to Idris. At the Lightwood house, he meets Sebastian Verlac and Aline Penhallow. Over time, Alec comes back from the Clave meeting to tell Simon that he will be sent back to New York by Aldertree, the new Inquisitor; when Simon arrives to leave for home, it is revealed as a trap to bring people back to the Clave's trust and he is imprisoned and is questioned on his new ability to walk in daylight as a vampire. After the questioning, he befriends a fellow mate named Samuel Blackburn. After Clary opens the portal and went through it, she fell into Lake Lyn and Luke is able to save her, but as she comes out she starts to hallucinate. Luke decides to take her to his sister, where after treatment she wakes up in a bedroom to meet Amatis and is warned that she is not allowed to see Jace. With such risk, she sneaks out to find Jace and finds Jace in the Lightwood house library, kissing Aline.
After seeing this Clary runs away. After a while, Sebastian joins Clary and drops her back to Amatis's home, angry at her actions. Alec finds out that Simon never made it back home and is prisoned in Alicante, at night Jace goes to visit Simon and save him, but Simon refuses to escape, because it would shine suspicions on the Lightwoods; the next morning in Simon's cell he finds. Raphael visits Simon and informs him that he is now being hunted by every Downworlder, because of his Daylighter powers. In the morning, Clary is woken up by Sebastian to find Ragnor Fell, but instead they find Magnus who tells them that Fell is dead. Magnus froze Sebastian to inform him where to find a cure to save Clary's mother with the Book of White. With this, Clary travels her way back and in between the journey Sebastian kisses Clary despite Clary not wanting to; when Clary returns she informs Jace that they need the Book of White and they set off on a journey to find it. Clary draws a portal to Wayland Manor, where a trapped angel reveals that Clary received angel blood in the womb, Jace received demon blood.
They give a seraph blade to the angel, who stabs himself. Both of them make it out alive outside of the manor right before it collapses, as it was tied to the life force of the angel. On their way back, they find out that Alicante is being attacked by demons and in the battle the youngest of the Lightwood family, Max, is killed. After the battle and Jace rescue Simon from the fire in prison and realized that his fellow prison mate was Hodge. After a few days, they have a funeral for the people; that day, Simon meets up with Isabelle to comfort her as Jace walks Clary back to Amatis's place. That night, Jace comes to Clary's place and sleeps with her and in the morning leaves a note; when Clary gets downstairs to save Jace from his mistake, she meets her mother, which she reacts with anger. Her mother tells her the truth: Jace was raised by Valentine, but is not his biological son, but rather Sebastian is, by extension Clary's brother. Clary runs to the Accord Hall to work out a plan to make both Shadowhunters and Downworlders fight together, during the decision process, Clary's mom, releases the truth, in the end, the Clave decides that both can work together to fight the battle.
This allows Clary to use her rune abilities to create an alliance rune that allows Downworlders and Shadowhunters to share their powers. While Jace fights Sebastian, is about to die when Isabelle rescues him. Together, they kill Sebastian. Jace tracks down Valentine at Lake Lyn, he finds Clary there, who Portaled there but was bound by Valentine. Valentine kills Jace. However, right before Valentine finishes the ritual, Clary erases the runes in the sand that symbolize his name and instead writes hers over them; the angel rises, but as Valentine is no longer the one who summons him, the Angel killes Valentine and grants Clary's wish to bring Jace back. The story ends with the confession of love between Luke. Jace Morgenstern/Herondale: A Shadowhunter, in conflict after finding out that Valentine Morgenstern was his father and Clary Fairchild is his sister. In this book, Jace is in a battle with the certain choice and finding the truth. Clary Morgenstern/Fairchild: A gifted Shadowhunter, in a mission to cure her mother from her coma, discovers many secrets on the way.
Through the book it is displayed her gift works to save Alicante from Valentines attack. Simon Lewis: Clary's best friend, a daylighter vampire, a