Yuma County Area Transit
The Yuma County Area Transit system is a public transportation system based in Yuma County, Arizona. Since 1990 the agency has grown from a new transit service offering paratransit to the current mix of fixed-route and demand-responsive services serving over 32,000 riders per month, with an annual operating budget of $2.5 million. YCAT is the local Greyhound Lines agent. Before 1999 only private transportation companies operated any type of transit service in Yuma County, with taxis serving the urbanized areas and private van services providing transportation between San Luis and Yuma. Paratransit in Yuma County began in February 1999; when the Saguaro Foundation began operating a public dial-a-ride system funded by Yuma Metropolitan Planning Organization in 1996, YMPO's fixed-route service began in February 1999 with service between San Luis and Yuma under the name Valley Transit. The name YCAT or Yuma County Area Transit was adopted in 2002, with a new system of two routes, a local route within Yuma and an intercity route between San Luis and Yuma/Arizona Western College.
YCAT service between Yuma and Foothills was initiated in 2001, but the ridership was not considered high enough to justify the cost, the system was shortened to terminate at Arizona Western College. After a comprehensive review of the transit system by Moore and Associates, as well as financial and operating difficulties in 2003 which nearly caused the fixed-route transit system to shut down, the city of Yuma and other member jurisdictions in Yuma County contributed additional funding to the system. YMPO selected a new operating contractor, service survived. Two routes were added to the system in 2004, an additional route to Wellton was initiated in January 2006. Service was expanded to 10:00 pm on all routes in the system on a network of seven routes. In 2010, again after financial and operating difficulties, reductions in funding from the State of Arizona and local member entities, which resulted in the elimination of two routes within the City of Yuma, reduction of service hours from 6:00 am to 6:00 pm, Monday through Saturday.
YCAT came close to closing down. However, a new operations strategy adopted by YMPO came into play to save the transit system using a reduced level of local funding from its member entities with the exception of the City of Yuma. In December 2010, a new agency - Yuma County Intergovernmental Public Transportation Authority was formed to assume the operation of transit services from YMPO, completed on July 1, 2012. A new service delivery model was implemented on January 9, 2012, with a complete restructure of all routes to improve efficiency. Today, a total of 9 routes now operate Monday through Saturday on a fleet of 17 YCAT fixed route buses and 11 cutaways and vans. Both demand-response and fixed-route service is administered and funded by the YCIPTA and its member agencies, operated by a private contractor. Presently, YCIPTA owns all vehicles for fixed-route and demand-response service as well as the lease for the East 14th Street and Atlantic Avenue maintenance facility. Under Arizona Revised Statutes - Title 28 Transportation, an intergovernmental public transportation authority may be organized in any county in Arizona with a population of two hundred thousand persons or less.
Besides the YCIPTA, the Coconino and Yavapai Counties. The YCIPTA is an IPTA, formed on December 13, 2010 by the Yuma County Board of Supervisors to administer, plan and maintain public transit services throughout Yuma County, including within the political jurisdictional boundaries of the Cities of Yuma, San Luis, Town on Wellton and the unincorporated Yuma County areas. On September 21, 2010, the Town of Wellton and City of Somerton passed a resolution to petition the County to form the IPTA. On October 3 and 20, 2010 the Cities of San Luis and Yuma passed a resolution to petition the County to form the IPTA. On December 6, 2010, Northern Arizona University petitioned the County to join the IPTA. On December 13, 2010, the County held a public hearing and approved the formation of the IPTA. On January 24, 2011, the Yuma County Intergovernmental Public Transportation Authority held its first Board of Directors meeting. Since the first meeting, Arizona Western College, Quechan Indian Tribe, Cocopah Indian Tribe has petition and joined the IPTA.
Support from the YMPO Executive Board was provided in August 2010 through the formation of a subcommittee to establish new governance structure for public transit management and again in August 2011 through the adoption of a resolution with an intent to transfer transit operations to YCIPTA by July 1, 2012. The transition was completed on July 1, 2012. In 2014, National Express replaced First Transit as the operator, it is the intent that the Federal Transit Administration funding, used to support Yuma County Area Transit and Greater Yuma Area Dial-A-Ride would be used by YCIPTA through YCIPTA designation as a grantee. YCIPTA would receive local match funding from the governmental entities, Indian tribes plus Northern Arizona University and Arizona Western College. Yuma County Area Transit is the marketing name for the fixed route transit system. YCAT OnCall is the marketing name for the demand responsive transit system known as Greater Yuma Area Dial-A-Ride. YCAT began in 2003 as a rebranded effort from what was known as Valley Transit.
Greater Yuma Area Dial-A-Ride began in 1996 an
Coaster (commuter rail)
Coaster is a commuter rail service that operates in the central and northern coastal regions of San Diego County, United States. The service is operated by Bombardier Transportation on contract with North County Transit District; the service has eight stops and operates during weekday peak periods, with additional weekend and holiday service. The North San Diego County Transit Development Board was created in 1975 to consolidate and improve transit in northern San Diego County. Planning began for a San Diego–Oceanside commuter rail line - called Coast Express Rail - in 1982. Funding for right-of-way acquisition and construction costs came from TransNet, a 1987 measure that imposed a 0.5% sales tax on San Diego County residents for transportation projects. The Board established the San Diego Northern Railway Corporation - a nonprofit operating subsidiary - in 1994. SDNR purchased 41 miles of the Surf Line plus the 22-mile Escondido Branch from the Santa Fe Railway that year. COASTER service began on February 27, 1995.
NCTD contracted Amtrak to provide personnel for Coaster trains. In July 2006, TransitAmerica Services took over the day-to-day operation of the commuter train, based on a five-year, $45 million contract with NCTD. In 2016, Bombardier Transportation replaced TransitAmerica as COASTER's operator. San Diego County voters extended the TransNet sales tax through 2038, which includes funding for rail track upgrades. By the early 2010s, numerous improvements such as added double track and bridge replacements were in various stages of construction and design; as part of the broader North Coast Corridor project $1 billion is planned to be spent on new segments of double track between San Diego and Orange County. NCTD plans to extend COASTER service north to Camp Pendleton The agency plans to build limited-use stations at the Convention Center and the Del Mar Racetrack for use during major events. More than 20 COASTER trains run on weekdays, with additional service on the weekends; as of the April 3, 2017 schedule, COASTER added Friday Night service with trains running until a quarter after midnight.
More weekend services operate during summer months and when there are special events The COASTER connects with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner at Oceanside, Solana Beach, Old Town Transit Center, Santa Fe Depot in San Diego. The COASTER connects with the Metrolink rail system at Oceanside, providing connecting service to Orange, Los Angeles and San Bernardino counties, it connects to the San Diego MTS buses at the Old Town Transit Center. The COASTER connects with BREEZE buses at all North San Diego County station stops; the cost of COASTER tickets is based upon the number of zones traveled. Fare collection is based on a proof-of-payment system: tickets must be purchased before boarding and are checked by roving fare inspectors. Monthly passes are available. All tickets and passes include transfer agreements with NCTD BREEZE buses and monthly passes include transfer with the Metropolitan Transit System buses and Trolleys. On January 20, 2011, the NCTD implemented a fare reduction – the fare reduction led to increased ridership on the COASTER and so was made a permanent fare reduction in September 2011.
As of January 2012, regular one-way fares are as follows: Within one zone: $4 Within two zones: $5 Within three zones: $5.50With proof of eligibility, senior citizens, people with disabilities, Medicare cardholders receive a 50% discount on the above fares. Riding the COASTER without a valid ticket may result in a penalty fare of up to $250. Riders cannot purchase tickets on board the train. In September 2008, SANDAG introduced a new contactless "Compass Card", made possible by Cubic Transportation Systems, Inc; the "Compass Card" allows passengers from MTS and NCTD to store regional transit passes and cash value on a rewritable RFID card. Customers can add cash value on the Internet or at any ticket vending machine. Prior to boarding a train, customers tap their Compass Cards on the ticket validator located on the train platform; the LED display on the validator lights up with lights resembling that of a stoplight, the LCD display shows text regarding the passenger's fare account. The COASTER carried about 514,450 passengers during its first year of operation, ridership rose in the years that followed.
In 2012, COASTER ridership was 1.6 million people, with an average number of 5,600 weekday boardings. 40% of weekday commuters detrain at Sorrento Valley. In June 2018, the North County Transit District Board of Directors approved the purchase of five Siemens Charger locomotives to replace their existing five F40PHM-2C locomotives that were remanufactured by Morrison-Knudsen. Deliveries are expected in the first half of 2021, with $10.5 million of the estimated $53.9 million cost earmarked from statewide gas tax and vehicle registration fees. In August 2018, NCTD announced that they were seeking public opinions and input on a re-brand of the agency; this included two new paint scheme ideas for COASTER, along with the existing scheme being used as a third option. The new COASTER livery will be decided upon by agency officials depending on the public input and will be painted on the new Siemens Chargers and passenger cars in 2021. NCTD maintains two rail storage yards for the COASTER; the main
San Diego Metropolitan Transit System
The San Diego Metropolitan Transit System is the public transit service provider for Central, South and Southeast San Diego County, in the United States. MTS operating subsidiaries include the San Diego Trolley and San Diego Transit Corporation. Average daily ridership among all public transit services provided by MTS was 271,500 in the Fourth Quarter of 2017. MTS is one of the oldest transit systems in Southern California, dating back as early as the 1880s. Although the d/b/a names have changed over the years, the two modes of transportation – buses and light rail – have remained consistent over most of the past 125 years. MTS owns Arizona Eastern Railway. MTS licenses and regulates taxicabs and other private for-hire passenger transportation services provided by contract for the cities of San Diego, El Cajon, Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Lemon Grove and Santee. MTS is a joint powers authority agency, or JPA. Member cities include San Diego, Chula Vista, Coronado, El Cajon, Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Lemon Grove, National City, Poway and San Diego County.
Elected officials from each jurisdiction, including San Diego County, serve as the Board of Directors. The city of San Diego has the most representation with four members. A county resident is elected by the Board of Directors to serve as the Chairman. A system of horse- or mule-drawn street cars was established in Downtown San Diego in 1886. In 1887 electric street car service was begun, serving a more widespread area including Old Town and University Heights; the direct ancestor of MTS, the San Diego Electric Railway Company, was founded in 1891 by John D. Spreckels. Spreckels converted them all to electric operation. In the 1920s and 1930s the rail lines began to be replaced by motor buses. In 1949 the last rail service was discontinued, making San Diego the first major city in California to convert to an all-bus system. In 1948 Jesse Haugh renamed it the San Diego Transit System; the system was purchased by the City of San Diego in 1967. MTDB was formed in 1976 and launched the San Diego Trolley in 1981.
The San Diego Transit system of bus lines was transferred from the city to MTDB in 1985. MTDB changed its logo to Metropolitan Transit System in 1986. Today, the agency is one of two child agencies of SANDAG, the county-level MPO that zones land and sets the transit fares. More recent developments at MTS are summarized below. MTS adopts its current logo and livery, first applied to buses entering service that summer. MTS assumes control over National City Transit from the City of National City, amid the City's reluctance to implement findings of the COA, retires its 600-series bus route numbers, replaces them with the current 960-series numbers. MTS is named the Outstanding Public Transit System for 2009 by the American Public Transportation Association. In fiscal year 2009, MTS set a record for ridership with over 92 million rides from July 1, 2008, to June 31, 2009. September 24: San Diego Trolley places an order for 57 Ultra Short Low Floor Model S70 LRVs, at a total cost of $205 million. San Diego Trolley beings construction on the "Trolley Renewal Project".
The project is expected to last five years and renovates all stations and existing infrastructure to handle the new Low Floor S70 LRVs purchased the previous year. MTS begins work on a study to evaluate the feasibility of reconnecting Balboa Park, the San Diego Zoo and Downtown San Diego through a fixed-guideway, electrified streetcar line. MTS begins weekend and holiday service of the Silver Line, which operates around Downtown San Diego and features renovated PCC streetcars with a partnership with the San Diego historic streetcar society. MTS receives first two shipments of 4th generation trolley vehicles and begins operating new LRVs on the Green Line MTS realigns trolley system so all three lines terminate in downtown, eliminating the need for the special event line; the green line now serves special events. Low floor trains operate on the Orange Line for the first time, marking the end of the first phase of the trolley renewal project. First of the next-gemeration Gillig Low Floor buses arrive and are placed into service First buses for the BRT network arrive The first line in the Rapid BRT network goes into operation.
Low floor trains operate on the Blue Line for the first time in January, after new station platforms, advanced electronic signage, overhead catenary wires, larger shelters and track replacements are implemented. The Transit Optimization Plan is adopted Additional Low floor trolley cars Arrive at shop. Numbered in the 5000-series, 9 of the cars are set to start testing for Blue and Orange Lines as early as Spring 2019; the other 36 will be set to run for the mid-coast extension releasing in 2021. The South Bay Rapid entered the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. New trolley cars, the 5000-series, due to enter service in the Summer. August:Electric buses to enter service MTS administers several public transportation services, including the San Diego Trolley's three daily Light rail lines, 93 fixed-route bus services, paratransit service. About half of its fixed-route bus services are contracted out to Transdev, First Transit, with First Transit providing paratransit services. Light rail service is operated by Incorporated.
It is referred to as "The Trolley". Three daily lines are operated, are designated by their colors: the Blue Line, the Green Line, the Orange Line.
North County Transit District
The North County Transit District is the agency responsible for public transportation in North San Diego County, United States. NCTD provides 12 million passenger trips per year. NCTD's geographic area is 1,020 square miles, with an approximate population of 842,000 people. NCTD is governed by a Board of Directors; the agency operates the BREEZE bus service, SPRINTER light rail service between Oceanside and Escondido, COASTER commuter rail service between Oceanside and downtown San Diego, LIFT paratransit service, FLEX on-demand service. NCTD owns 62 mi of mainline track, as well as the 22 mi Escondido Branch, used by the SPRINTER since 2008; the COASTER commuter train runs on 41.1 mi of the mainline. NCTD maintains two rail yards. One is shared with the San Diego Trolley at Imperial in Centre City San Diego; the other, located north of Oceanside at Stuart Mesa on Camp Pendleton, is shared with Metrolink and is the location of the main maintenance facility. The North San Diego County Transit Development Board was established in 1976 by California Senate Bill No. 802 to plan and operate public transit in North San Diego County.
The Board acquired the municipal transit systems operated by the cities of Escondido and Oceanside. The Board designed a regional transit system consisting of local and regional corridor routes to serve the transportation needs of North San Diego County. In 1982, planning began for the Coast Express Rail commuter rail service. On June 2, 1994, the Board created a non-profit corporation called the San Diego Northern Railway to maintain and operate the COASTER. SDNR purchased the tracks to be used by the COASTER from the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway in 1994. On February 27, 1995, COASTER service commenced. On January 1, 2003, Senate Bill 1703 was enacted, transferring responsibility for future transit planning, programming and construction to the San Diego Association of Governments, San Diego’s regional planning agency. In 2005, the State Legislature changed NSDCTDB’s name to the North County Transit District. In March 2008, after many years of planning, the SPRINTER light rail began service. FLEX on-demand service began in 2011.
In fiscal year 2009, NCTD projected annual operating deficits of more than $24 million by 2014. In response, NCTD made proactive changes to maintain transit services and related jobs, including reducing staff and renegotiating and restructuring various contracts; these changes closed $80 million budget gap. The new business model allowed NCTD to lower fares, increase service and ridership, grow its financial reserves. Throughout its history, NCTD has relied on public funding. In 1987, voters approved the Proposition A TransNet Ordinance, which provided funding for future transit projects and improvements to the existing system. In November 2004, voters approved a 40-year extension of the TransNet sales tax, which will allow NCTD to continue to operate service for many years. In August 2018, NCTD announced that they were seeking public opinions and input on a re-brand of the agency; this included two new paint scheme ideas for COASTER, along with the existing scheme being used as a third option.
The new COASTER livery will be decided upon by agency officials depending on the public input and will be painted on the new Siemens Chargers and passenger cars in 2021. The agency's other two plans besides the new paint schemes are a new logo for the agency and a cleaner, fresh website, being decided with public input; the new NCTD website is scheduled to launch in 2019. NCTD provides public transit in North San Diego County, from La Jolla and the Pacific Ocean, east to Poway and Ramona, from Oceanside and the Orange County border south through Del Mar to UCSD in La Jolla, with connections extending to downtown San Diego. NCTD offers the following services: BREEZE - Fixed-route bus services. Breeze Rapid - Bus rapid transit. COASTER - Commuter rail service from Oceanside to downtown San Diego. SPRINTER - Light rail from Oceanside to Escondido, California. LIFT - Paratransit service for those with disabilities who are unable to use the accessible fixed-route system. FLEX - On-demand service in Carlsbad and Ramona.
BREEZE buses provide public transportation for residents of North San Diego County. What is now known as the BREEZE began in 1976 when NCTD acquired the municipal bus systems serving Escondido and Oceanside; the annual ridership of BREEZE buses is 7.9 million people, with an average weekday ridership of 25,800 people. More than 2,600 bus stops and 9 transit centers service the BREEZE route; the fleet comprises 161 vehicles, including 120 compressed natural gas buses. In November 2009, NCTD approved outsourcing all bus and rail operations effective July 1, 2010, to First Transit; the agency anticipated saving $70 million over seven years with the move. Fleet and facility operators remained NCTD employees until their contracts expired June 30, 2011; as of January 2013, NCTD offers 30 BREEZE bus routes plus 4 FLEX zones. The SPRINTER is a 22-mile light rail line that runs west between Escondido and Oceanside. A total of 455 trains run every week; the SPRINTER’s first day of service was March 9, 2008.
The annual ridership was 2.5 million people in 2015, with an average weekday ridership of 8,300 people. Fifteen stations are served by the SPRINTER route. SPRINTER equipment includes 12 light rail Diesel multiple unit passenger trains. Bombardier Transportation operates the SPRINTER; the COASTER is a 41-mile commuter train that runs north and south between
Sprinter (light rail)
The Sprinter is a DMU-operated light rail line operating between Oceanside and Escondido, United States. The service uses the pre-existing 22 miles Escondido Branch trackage of the San Diego Northern Railroad. Station platforms were constructed for the line’s fifteen stations serving the cities of Oceanside, San Marcos, Escondido; the line provides service to California State University, San Marcos. Sprinter service is targeted towards commuters; the Sprinter is operated by the North County Transit District of Oceanside, the area's public transit agency. The agency operates the Coaster commuter rail line and the BREEZE Bus routes. Sprinter service is operated with Desiro-class diesel multiple units manufactured by Siemens in Germany, where they are used by main-line regional railways. Twelve married pairs of Siemens VT642 Desiro DMUs were delivered to the Escondido Transit Center in August 2006; the vehicles were in acceptance testing in California during the early part of 2007. At Oceanside Transit Center, the Sprinter connects to three commuter rail lines, as well as to Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner regional rail line.
A 2007 study by the San Diego Association of Governments predicted that the Sprinter would reduce road trips by 5,000 a day. It predicted over 11,000 riders per day by the end of the first year. Ridership numbers did climb after opening, reaching just under 8,000 people per day as of March 2008. Average weekday ridership for FY2018 was 8,300; the Sprinter is the first passenger train service along the Escondido Branch since the Santa Fe Railroad discontinued passenger service in 1946. Built in 1888, the entire line had to be rebuilt to accommodate more traffic and be elevated because the line runs along a river; the funding for Sprinter originated with the TransNet Tax measure passed by San Diego County voters in 1987 to relieve traffic congestion. A third of the tax was dedicated to mass transit; the $477 million project was funded through a $152 million Full Funding Grant Agreement from the Federal Transit Administration. NCTD purchased the line in 1992 from the Santa Fe Railroad. Construction started on the line in 2005 and was scheduled for completion in December 2007.
The Sprinter was previewed on December 28, 2007, with full revenue service scheduled to begin on January 13, 2008. Opening of the Sprinter was delayed due to other concerns. Service began on March 9, 2008. Due to its shared right-of-way with freight trains serving businesses in Escondido, the Sprinter platforms had to be set back from the tracks a sufficient distance to provide enough room for employees riding on the sides of freight cars; the passenger trains are not FRA-compliant for operation in association with freight trains and therefore freight operations on the route are not permitted during passenger operations. For this reason some publications refer to this line as light rail but it does not conform with the usual understanding of that term. While the DMUs are not much narrower than freight cars, the space for employees hanging at the sides of cars increases the free space required, gangways were designed into the station that fold up after end of service to allow the BNSF trains plus employees at their sides to pass through.
At the eastbound side of the Escondido Avenue platform, the tracks curve so that a gap exists between the outside edges of the gangway and the side of the DMU. The California Public Utilities Commission has stated that such a gap is unsafe, as a result, the Eastbound platform at Escondido Avenue was not used for six months after the opening of the Sprinter. On September 12, 2008, the station was completed and on September 15, 2008, the station became operational. Sprinter was the least expensive rail project per mile of 10 rail projects built or planned in California in 2005. American Public Works Association awarded Sprinter the Transportation Project of the Year for projects valued over $75 million; the Sprinter runs every 30 minutes in both directions seven days a week, from 4 am to 9 pm. Trains run on Friday and Saturday evenings, to 10:30pm, to 11:30pm. Saturday/Sunday/Holiday trains operate every 30 minutes between 10 am and 6 pm and hourly before 10 am and after 6 pm; the Sprinter serves a total including the two termini at Oceanside and Escondido.
Three of these stations are transit centers – the two termini, Oceanside Transit Center and Escondido Transit Center, along with the Vista Transit Center station. A one-way fare on the Sprinter costs $2 per $1 for Senior / Disabled/Medicare riders. In addition, riders can buy'passes' which allow for unlimited travel not only on the Sprinter, but on other NCTD and MTS systems, such as the San Diego Trolley, Breeze and MTS buses, for the duration of that pass. Rides on those systems, plus the Coaster commuter rail, express buses, requires a "RegionPlus" pass. In September 2008, SANDAG introduced a new contactless "Compass Card", made possible by Cubic Transportation Systems, Inc.. The "Compass Card" allows passengers from MTS and NCTD to store regional transit passes and cash value on a rewriteable RFID card. Customers can add cash value on the Internet or at any ticket vending machine; when a customer boards a bus they tap their Compass Card on the "Validator"
Kern Transit Kern Regional Transit, is the operator of mass transportation in Kern County, California. It provides inter-regional transportation, connecting outlying regions with the city of Bakersfield, it provides inter-city transportation within specific regions. Kern Transit is operated by the Kern County Department of Roads; the agency was founded in 1981. Its headquarters are located in Bakersfield. In January 2017, operation of Kern Transit was taken over by National Express Transit. Bakersfield is the central hub for the inter-regional routes. Buses stop at the Downtown Transit Center, or the Bakersfield Amtrak Station, located downtown, or both. Bus bays are used at the Amtrak Station. Buses instead park in front of it. Depending on the route, Kern Regional Transit makes additional stops in Bakersfield, but are used either to board or discharge passengers. Additional hubs are located in Frazier Park, Lake Isabella, Mojave. Passengers transfer from inter-regional routes to inter-city routes.
Many of these routes were requested and funded by local governments, instead of operating their own transit system. Some local governments have funded their own public transportation system, instead of relying on Kern Regional Transit; these include Arvin and Taft. In addition and Wasco provide their own Dial-a-ride service, which serves their communities; because of the variety of distances traveled, fares vary widely. As of 2011, a one-way trip can cost between $0.75 on the Mojave-Ridgecrest Route, to $5.00 on the East Kern Express. Operating days vary depending on the route. Most of the long distance inter-regional routes run 7 days a week. Shorter regional routes run 1, 2, or 3 days a week. However, some run 7 days a week; because of the wide variety of demand for service in various areas, Kern Regional Transit uses a variety of vehicles. The fleet consists of 40-foot, 30-foot, 21-foot buses which are used on scheduled routes depending on the number of riders. All buses are equipped with wheelchair ramps, offer bicycle racks.
A portion of the fleet runs on compressed natural gas. The paint scheme is white, on all sides. On the sides, a small "Kern Regional Transit" logo is directly in front of "Regional Transit", with the slogan "...your county connection" directly behind. Changeable signs, which list the destination city, left side of the bus; the maintenance facility is located on Victor Street, just south of Olive Drive in Northwest Bakersfield. It contains parking for the entire fleet, bus wash, cleaning facilities; the facility does not contain the headquarters for the agency. That is located in the Public Services Building on "M" Street. Kerntransit.org
Long Beach Transit
Long Beach Transit is a municipal transit company providing fixed and flexible bus transit services in Long Beach, United States, in other communities in south and southeast Los Angeles County, northwestern Orange County. Long Beach Transit operates the Passport shuttle and Aqualink; the service, while operated on behalf of the City of Long Beach, is not operated directly by the city, but by a separate nonprofit corporation, the Long Beach Public Transportation Company, operated for that purpose. Long Beach Transit receives its operating revenue from farebox receipts and state tax revenue distributed by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Long Beach Transit began operation in 1963 with the acquisition of Long Beach City Lines and Long Beach Motor Bus Company from National City Lines; the primary service area of Long Beach Transit has been the city of Long Beach and to a limited extent the enclave city of Signal Hill, but it has provided service to surrounding communities in Los Angeles County, including Lakewood, Cerritos and Seal Beach in neighboring Orange County.
The company has operated various types of bus services. During the 1970s and 1980s, it ran small shuttle buses in the downtown area, called DASH, because the routes were shorter, the fare was lower than on the regular buses. Bus transfers could be obtained upon payment of $0.05 for local transfers, $0.10 for "interagency transfers", which allow transfer to another bus line without additional payment. Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, instead of using a common transfer with the route number punched on the transfer, each route had its own transfer with the route number printed on them. For transfers to other bus lines, Long Beach Transit used the consolidated Los Angeles County interagency transfer, which every bus company in Los Angeles County except RTD and Orange County Transit District used; the consolidated interagency transfer used by all the other transit agencies had a check box naming the twelve bus companies in the county, the driver would punch the box for the particular agency that issued the transfer.
During the mid-1970s, for a period of six months, a special subsidy was available. All bus trips in Los Angeles County were reduced from $0.80 to $1.25, to $0.25 on weekdays and Saturdays, $0.10 on Sunday. As a result, the issuance of transfers was discontinued for all trips within Los Angeles County; when the subsidy ended, the old price returned and bus companies resumed issuing transfers. In the early 1980s, the company changed its transfer system. Instead of using books of transfers, every bus has a ticket printer, which issues the three types of transfers: regular transfers, which allow the user to transfer to a different route. In case of machine failure, operators would still carry one book of each kind of transfers. Effective in 1999, Long Beach Transit instituted a day pass, on July 1, 2005, it eliminated transfers within the system, although the interagency transfer is available for transfers to other transit systems. In addition to regular service, Long Beach Transit operates two seasonal water taxi services: the 49-passenger AquaBus, the 75-passenger AquaLink, which connects the major attractions of Downtown Long Beach, including the Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach Cruise Terminal, the RMS Queen Mary hotel.
The 49-passenger AquaBus has six "ports of call": Dock 4 of the Aquarium of the Pacific, Queen Mary, Shoreline Village at Parker's Lighthouse, Catalina Landing, Dock 7 of Pine Avenue Circle, Hotel Maya. The fare is $1; the AquaLink is a 68-foot catamaran that ferries up to 75 passengers to the most popular attractions in Long Beach Harbor and on to Alamitos Bay Landing. The fare is $5, wheelchair boarding is available at Dock 4 near the Aquarium of the Pacific and at the Queen Mary. Long Beach Transit operated its bus lines as a consecutive set of route numbers, from 1 to 18; the numbers had no significance except that route 1 ran along State Route 1, the Pacific Coast Highway. Some routes had more than one routing. All of the route 9 buses would continue along Bellflower Boulevard, whereupon one would terminate at Bellflower and Stearns Street. Due to the successful renumbering which RTD had done in 1983, Long Beach Transit decided to renumber its routes. In the mid-1980s, the company changed some of its route numbers, keeping the original 1- or 2-digit number and adding a single digit after the number.
This was done to routes which split and serviced multiple streets and d