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Civil Service (United Kingdom)

Her Majesty's Home Civil Service known as Her Majesty's Civil Service or the Home Civil Service, is the permanent bureaucracy or secretariat of Crown employees that supports Her Majesty's Government, composed of a cabinet of ministers chosen by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as two of the three devolved administrations: the Scottish Government and the Welsh Government, but not the Northern Ireland Executive. As in other states that employ the Westminster political system, Her Majesty's Home Civil Service forms an inseparable part of the British government; the executive decisions of government ministers are implemented by HM Civil Service. Civil servants are employees of the Crown and not of the British parliament. Civil servants have some traditional and statutory responsibilities which to some extent protect them from being used for the political advantage of the party in power. Senior civil servants may be called to account to Parliament.

In general use, the term civil servant in the United Kingdom does not include all public sector employees. As such, the civil service does not include government ministers, members of the British Armed Forces, the police, officers of local government authorities or quangos of the Houses of Parliament, employees of the National Health Service, or staff of the Royal Household; as at the end of March 2018 there were 430,075 civil servants in the Home Civil Service, this is up 2.5 per cent on the previous year. There are two other administratively separate civil services in the United Kingdom. One is for Northern Ireland; the heads of these services are members of the Permanent Secretaries Management Group. The Offices of State grew in England, the United Kingdom; as in other countries, they were little more than secretariats for their leaders, who held positions at court. They were chosen by the king on the advice of a patron, replaced when their patron lost influence. In the 18th century, in response to the growth of the British Empire and economic changes, institutions such as the Office of Works and the Navy Board grew large.

Each had its own system and staff were appointed by purchase or patronage. By the 19th century, it became clear that these arrangements were not working. In 1806, the East India Company, a private company that ruled only in India, established a college, the East India Company College, near London; the purpose of this college was to train administrators. The civil service, based on examination similar to the Chinese system, was advocated by a number of Englishmen over the next several decades. William Ewart Gladstone a junior minister, in 1850 sought a more efficient system based on expertise rather than favouritism; the East India Company provided a model for Stafford Northcote, the private Secretary to Gladstone, who with Charles Trevelyan drafted the key report in 1854. A permanent and politically neutral civil service, in which appointments were made on merit, was introduced on the recommendations of the Northcote–Trevelyan Report of 1854, which recommended a clear division between staff responsible for routine work, those engaged in policy formulation and implementation in an "administrative" class.

The report was not implemented, but it came at a time when the bureaucratic chaos in the Crimean War demonstrated that the military was as backward as the civil service. A Civil Service Commission was set up in 1855 to end patronage. Prime Minister Gladstone took the decisive step in 1870 with his Order in Council to implement the Northcote-Trevelyan proposals; this system was broadly endorsed by Commissions chaired by Playfair, MacDonnell and Priestley. The Northcote–Trevelyan model remained stable for a hundred years; this was a tribute to its success in removing corruption, delivering public services, responding to political change. Patrick Diamond argues: The Northcote-Trevelyan model was characterised by a hierarchical mode of Weberian bureaucracy; this bequeathed a set of theories and practices to subsequent generations of administrators in the central state. The Irish Civil Service was separate from the British civil service; the Irish Office in Whitehall liaised with Dublin Castle. Some British departments' area of operation extended to Ireland, while in other fields the Dublin department was separate from the Whitehall equivalent.

Following the Second World War, demands for change again grew. There was a concern that technical and scientific expertise was mushrooming, to a point at which the "good all-rounder" culture of the administrative civil ser

Jack of Fables

Jack of Fables is a spin-off comic book series of Fables written by Bill Willingham and Lilah Sturges and published by DC Comics' Vertigo imprint. The story focuses on the adventures of Jack Horner, a supporting character in the main series, that takes place after his exile from Fabletown in the story-arc Jack Be Nimble; the idea for the spin-off comic came after editor Shelly Bond suggested to put Jack in a separate comic when Willingham planned to write him out of the series. While Jack of Fables focused on the eponymous Jack Horner, the spin-off allowed Willingham and Sturges to expand upon the Fables Universe by adding new characters and anthropomorphic personifications of philosophical and literary ideas in the series. A preview of its first issue was shown in Fables #50, the series itself debuted in July 2006, it ran for 50 issues from July 2006 to March 2011, received positive reception from critics and fans alike during its release, though over time would be criticized because of the main character's abhorrent sociopathy.

In 2007, it was nominated for numerous Eisner Awards and won Best Lettering for Todd Klein and Best Cover Artist for James Jean. The series has since been collected in deluxe edition hardcovers; the decision to remove the character of Jack Horner from the series came when artist Mark Buckingham proposed to expand the Fables' logic of "popularity equals power", which meant that fairy tale characters were only as strong as their popularity in the real mundane world. He and Willingham decided to use Jack in showing how a Fable might use this theory to further his/her own gain; this led to the two-part story arc entitled Jack Be Nimble where Jack created an action film trilogy of himself that elevated his popularity with the Mundies, which in turn increased his powers. This story arc was supposed to be the last time Jack Horner would appear in Fables, Willingham wanted to write him off the series. However, editor Shelly Bond suggested that Horner be put in a separate comic instead, stating that she did this because she didn't want to lose her "favorite" character in the series.

Jack of Fables was first previewed in Fables #50 before being released on July 2006. With the new series in publication, Willingham decided to use Jack of Fables in introducing other literary characters in the Fables mythos and to expand its universe to the Old West, the Folklore of the United States and to other elements as well; the new series gave Willingham and Sturges more freedom in writing its universe than in the main series. Jack of Fables was the first project. Bond and Willingham chose Sturges to act as a second voice on the new series, Willingham himself have known Sturges during their founding of the independent publishing label Clockwork Storybook. Sturges remarked that in writing Jack of Fables, she found herself putting the character in more and more positions she found amusing. Others who worked on the main Fables series worked on the spin-off, including long-time Fables inker Steve Leiahloha as penciller and inker in two issues. Artists Tony Akins, Andrey Pepoy, Todd Klein, Russell Braun, Andrew Robinson and Brian Bolland worked on the series as well.

Todd Klein, in particular, was chosen to add humor in the story, Sturges praised him for his work in doing so while avoiding a "cartoony" feel. In writing the story and Sturges both made sure to keep the spin-off independent and not overlap too much with the main series, which Willingham felt would have made it a "Fables Jr. kind of book." Like in Fables, the series takes place in the contemporary world albeit with characters from fairy tales and folklore living alongside normal humans in secret, known as Fables. The story follows one such popular Fable named Jack Horner, known from stories such as Little Jack Horner and the Beanstalk and Jill, Jack Be Nimble, Jack Frost, Jack O'Lantern, Jack the Giant Killer and others. Jack is portrayed as a "nigh immortal" trickster who's always looking for quick ways to make a buck, he got his nigh-immortality after creating a film trilogy about himself to raise his popularity with the Mundies, is reinforced by other causes as well such as his part-literal nature and his many deals with various devils in his Jack O' Lantern days.

Before the start of the story, Jack stole some money from Fabletown in order to create these films and make a name for himself in Hollywood. The Fables soon found out about his deed and they sent out the town sheriff Beast to apprehend him for his crime. For Jack, Beast managed to find him in Hollywood, confiscated all the money and properties he had built, was told that he can never set foot on Fabletown again; the series starts off after Jack left Hollywood. While hitchhiking, Jack was captured by an armed group of magical creatures calling themselves Literals, they imprisoned him in a place called the Golden Boughs Retirement Village. Although incarcerated in the village, Jack managed to rally up all the other imprisoned Fables to help him escape. Afterwards, he befriended a Literal named Gary the Pathetic Fallacy and together they became entangled in more adventures. Jack's adventures consisted of him getting married in Las Vegas and fighting a Fable mob leader named Lady Luck, getting stabbed by the Excalibur in the chest and finding out that he was just a copy of another Fable named Wicked John, heading out into Americana to find lost treasures with Humpty Dumpty, returning to the Golden Boughs just in time to lead them in a fight against a powerful Literal named B

Kirrawee High School

Kirrawee High School is a comprehensive co-educational high school located in Kirrawee, New South Wales, adjacent to the Royal National Park. The school was opened in 1966 and now caters for around 1,200 students, most continuing their education from three local primary schools, Gymea Bay, Grays Point and Kirrawee; the school is a Languages High School which offers a comprehensive education in sports and in the performing arts, with musician James Morrison, who plays a concert at the school every year, a close mentor for the school's Jazz Orchestra. In the Sutherland Cronulla Education District, Kirrawee High school was second only to the academic selective high school Caringbah High School. Extra-curricular activities offered include debating and public speaking and dramatic productions, the Student Council, community service, charitable collections and fund raising and many sports programs. Brett McKay, the head science teacher, has been awarded the Prime Minister's Prize for Excellence in Science Teaching.

List of government schools in New South Wales Education in Australia Larissa Behrendt - Indigenous academic and writer. NSW Australian of the Year 2011 Michael Dickson- NFL Punter, Seattle Seahawks Alicia McCormack- Olympic bronze medalist, Beijing 2008 water polo and London 2012 water polo Chris McCormack – twice World Ironman Triathlon champion Kirsten Thomson – Olympic silver medalist, Sydney 2000 swimming Jackson Fear - Olympic archer, Atlanta 1996 Emma Pask – jazz vocalist Kate Hollywood- Olympic hockey player and dual Commonwealth Games gold medalist Nicola Zagame- Olympic bronze medalist, London 2012 water polo Kirrawee High School website

Fischer Motor Company

Fischer Motor Company is a US-based sport motorcycle manufacturer. Their MRX 650 is a sport bike built around a 90-degree V-twin engine and a one-piece, twin spar, aluminum perimeter frame. Alan Cathcart of Motorcyclist magazine in his 2006 test review, called the MRX, "the most important new American motorcycle in generations."Company founder Daniel Fischer developed the company's first motorcycle for mass-production, the MRX 650 using suppliers including an EADS subsidiary for engineering, Harley-Davidson and Michael Jordan Motorsports contractor Gemini Technology Systems for frame development, various companies related to US-based heavy equipment and automotive suppliers for other components. The original platform is based upon a 1990s era Grand Prix chassis. In contrast to Buell Motorcycle Company, Fischer intended not to "reinvent the wheel" with any radical design concepts, but to "just take existing technology and fine-tune it," Fischer told Cycle World in 2003. Styling for the new motorcycle was done by British designer Glynn Kerr.

In earlier stages, there were plans to produce 1,000–1,500 cc Rotax-based 90° V-twins. Rotax subsequently voided an agreement with Fischer in order to supply engines to Harley's Buell, with the Rotax 1000cc v-twin, used in Aprilia products and Fischer's first prototype supplied in a revised version for Buell 1125-series products; as of April 2009, Fischer had begun shipping units, in October 2009 announced a production increase for the 2010 model year. Fischer appears to have ceased production in 2012. A "few dozen" bikes were produced during the Fischer's three years of operation. In 2015, an Indian motorcycle blog reported that Fischer had plans to make an entry into India with its new 150 cc bikes to be named Fischer MRX 150. Official website

Camden Station

Camden Station, now referred to as Camden Street Station, Camden Yards, formally as the Transportation Center at Camden Yards, is a train station at the intersection of South Howard and West Camden Streets in Baltimore, is adjacent to Oriole Park at Camden Yards. It is served by local Light Rail trains. Camden Street Station was built beginning in 1856, continuing until 1865, by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad as its main passenger terminal and early offices/ headquarters in Baltimore and is one of the longest continuously-operated terminals in the United States, its upstairs offices were the workplace of famous Civil War era B&O President John Work Garrett. The station and its environs were the site of several infamous civil strife actions of the 19th century with the Baltimore riot of 1861, on April 18–19 known as the Pratt Street Riots and labor strife in the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. In 1852, the Board of Directors of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad approved the purchase of five blocks of land fronting on Camden Street at a cost of $600,000 for the construction of a new passenger and freight station to serve the city of Baltimore from a larger, more centrally-located site than the B&O's 1830s–1850s depot, Mount Clare Station.

Architectural renderings for Camden Station were submitted by the firm of Niernsee and Neilson in 1855. Construction began in phases in 1856 under the supervision of Baltimore architect Joseph F. Kemp, who partly designed the final version, a three-story brick structure with three towers in the Italianate architectural style; the center section was completed by 1857. S. Construction was completed in 1867 with the addition of two wings and the towers following the end of the Civil War; the station's center tower was 185 feet high. In February, 1861, Abraham Lincoln transferred from the President Street station, to the Camden Station on his way to Washington, D. C. to be inaugurated as President of the United States. News of the Battle of Fort Sumter, beginning the Civil War, first reached Baltimore on April 12, 1861, at the B&O's Camden Station telegraph office; the following week, Union troops of the 6th Massachusetts Militia travelling south on the B&O barricaded themselves at Camden Station when they were attacked by Confederate sympathizers in the Baltimore riot of 1861.

During the four-year conflict, the B&O's line between Baltimore and Washington, D. C. was the sole rail link between the Federal capitol and the North, resulting in a vital role for Camden Station as B&O's Baltimore terminal. Trainloads of wounded soldiers and Confederate POWs came through the station following the Battle of Antietam, 75 miles west of Baltimore on September 17, 1862. President Lincoln changed trains at Camden Station on November 18, 1863 en route to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania to deliver the Gettysburg Address. Lincoln used Camden Station on April 18, 1864 when he made an overnight visit to Baltimore for a speaking engagement. A year at 10 a.m. on April 21, 1865, the assassinated president's nine-car funeral train arrived at Camden Station, the first stop on its slow journey from Washington to Springfield, via the B&O and the Northern Central Railway's Baltimore-Harrisburg, line. In July 1877, the station was the site of riots and clashes between the Maryland National Guard and strikers during the Baltimore railroad strike, which occurred as part of the Great Railroad Strike of the same year.

Some in the crowd attempted to set fire to the station, nearby buildings associated with the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, but were unsuccessful. Beginning in 1897, Camden Station had lower level platforms for B&O's New York–Washington passenger trains, which used the Howard Street tunnel to reach Mount Royal Station; the first mainline electrification of a steam railroad in the U. S. occurred at Camden Station on June 27, 1895, when an electric locomotive pulled a Royal Blue train through the Howard Street tunnel. In 1912, the B&O remodeled the central waiting room, enlarging it and adding oak panelling with marble wainscoting for the Democratic National Convention, held in Baltimore that year; the Annapolis & Baltimore Short Line Railroad used Camden Station for its trains to Annapolis, beginning in 1887. Except for an interval between 1921–1935, when the successor Washington and Annapolis Electric Railway used a separate station at Howard and Lombard Streets, frequent electric interurban trains to Maryland's capitol served Camden station until February 5, 1950, when WB&A successor Baltimore and Annapolis Railroad replaced rail passenger service with buses.

The first streamlined, non-articulated diesel locomotive in the U. S. EMC EA-EB #51, began using Camden Station's lower level platforms in 1937, pulling the B&O's famed Royal Blue. In addition to its New York–Washington service and frequent commuter trains to Washington, the B&O operated extensive long-distance service at Camden Station to such cities as Chicago, Cleveland, St. Louis; the Capitol Limited and Washington–Chicago Express to Chicago and the National Limited and Metropolitan Special to St. Louis were among the many trains arriving and departing daily from the station during the first half of the 20th century; when the modern-era Major League Baseball Baltimore Orioles began playing in Baltimore, they arrived at Camden by B&O train from Detroit for their inaugural home opening game of the 1954 season. Declining rail passenger traffic in the 1950s and 1960s led to substantial reductions in passenger t

St Edward's Church, Kempley

The Church of St Edward the Confessor in Kempley is a parish church in the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire, close to the border with Herefordshire. The church is Grade II * listed. St Edward's was described by John Betjeman as "a mini-cathedral of the Arts and Crafts movement"; the church, dedicated to Edward the Confessor, was built as a chapel of ease by the Lord of the Manor and major landowner, William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, because St Mary's was too far away from the main centres of population in the parish and liable to flooding. St Edward’s became the Parish Church in 1975 following the redundancy of St Mary’s. Wells had acted as William Lethaby's resident architect at All Saints, Brockhampton-by-Ross, where Lethaby's experimentation with the employment of direct labour under a site architect instead of a contractor under a formal building contract, deliberately produced few drawings, gave Wells freedom to evolve the design as the building rose and to engage in the physical activity of building.

Some of the foundations had been put in before Wells was asked to design a church to fit upon them as nearly as possible, fulfilling requirements of Lord Beauchamp that there should be no east window, that most of the lighting should be from the west end and that the eaves should be kept low. The small village of Kempley has two notable Anglican churches, the other, older, is dedicated to St Mary and is Grade I; the church was built from local materials by local labour. The red sandstone used was from the Forest of Dean quarries, about seven miles distant; the roof timbers were of unseasoned oak, cut on the Beauchamp estate. The church was roofed with local stone slates; the church has three sculpted stone reliefs designed by Wells: above the entrance Christ carved by Wells and a local carpenter Walter James. The rood, carved by David Gibb from Glasgow and said to have been the last ship's figurehead carver in London, was painted by Wells and his brother Linley, through whom Wells had obtained the commission.

The seating, the prayer desk, the rails and the altar were designed by the architect and made in English oak by Peter Waals at the Daneway Workshop, during the partnership of Ernest Gimson and Ernest Barnsley. The lectern was designed by Barnsley, the candelabra and a pair of iron candlesticks were made by Alfred Bucknell, supplied by Gimson, with other ironwork by the Kempley village blacksmith, George Smallman; the parochial church council launched an appeal in March 2011 to raise £110,000 for repairs. St Edward's Church at daffs.org.uk St Edward the Confessor's Church, Kempley at churchdb.gukutils.org.uk Parish: Kempley - list of clergy from before 1548 – 1822, at theclergydatabase.org.uk