The Civil Wars
The Civil Wars were a critically acclaimed American musical duo composed of Joy Williams and John Paul White. Formed in 2008, The Civil Wars won four Grammy Awards prior to their 2014 breakup, both Williams and White had solo careers prior to meeting at a songwriting workshop in Nashville in 2008. At the workshop, approximately 25 songwriters were assembled by music publishers to write radio singles for a band identified as the country group Gloriana. Williams and White were randomly paired to write together, and quickly discovered an affinity, in a 2012 interview, Williams said that when he started singing it was like I knew where he was going to go before he went there. Following the workshop and Williams made immediate plans to meet again and they wrote the song Falling during their first session, which took place at Williams house. Looking for a name for the project, Williams came up with The Civil Wars and it has nothing to do with the historical meaning. There is a quote that I believe is Plato, who said, Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a great battle.
As I was thinking about the music we make, that sense of battle seemed applicable, the duo performed for the first time as The Civil Wars at the French Quarter Cafe in Nashville on April 7,2009. Williams former producer Charlie Peacock was in attendance, and impressed by their dynamics and on-stage chemistry, on April 8,2009, Shalom Aberle recorded The Civil Wars second live show. Eight of the songs that were recorded that night were on Live at Eddies Attic, in November 2009, Poison & Wine was used in its entirety as a music bed for a pivotal montage at the end of a sixth season episode of Greys Anatomy. At the time, the song was only on Live at Eddies Attic. White and Yetton found out about the placement only four prior to the episodes airing. They uploaded the newly recorded version of the song to iTunes, as the video was being put online and White were watching the Greys Anatomy episode, and the uploading was completed almost to the second that the last note of the song played. Through Greys Anatomy, The Civil Wars were exposed to a national audience, which included Taylor Swift.
Poison & Wine was released a week after Greys Anatomy aired, the duo toured consistently throughout 2009 and 2010. Williams and Peacock returned to the Art House to record The Civil Wars debut album, Barton Hollow, which was released on February 1,2011. It charted at #1 on the Billboard Digital Albums chart, #1 on the Billboard Folk Albums chart, #2 on the Rock Albums Chart, Barton Hollow received significant critical acclaim. The BBC wrote A timeless, anachronistic record, Barton Hollow could be from 30 years ago, or it could be from 30 years hence
Civil War (comics)
The storyline builds upon the events that developed in previous Marvel storylines, particularly Avengers Disassembled, House of M, and Decimation. The tagline for the series is, Whose Side Are You On, the superheroes in support of the law, such as Iron Man, Dr. Reed Richards, and Ms. Marvel, become increasingly authoritarian. In the aftermath of the war, Captain America surrenders and is imprisoned, a sequel, Civil War II, debuted in June 2016. The series received polarized reviews but was a commercial success, the series is the basis for the Marvel Studios film Captain America, Civil War, which likewise features Captain America and Iron Man in opposition to each other. The premise of Civil War involves the introduction of a Superhuman Registration Act in the United States, similar acts have been used as literary devices in Uncanny X-Men, DC, The New Frontier, Powers and Astro City. Those who sign have the option of working for S. H. I. E. L. D, earning a salary and benefits such as those earned by other American civil servants.
While arguing directly with Iron Man about the law, Luke Cage, a number of villains have chosen to take sides, some choosing to side with the registration, others against it. Marvel announced in August 2006 that some issues of the main Civil War series would be pushed back several months to accommodate artist Steve McNiven, the schedule had issue #4 being released one month late, in September, while issue #5 was released two months later, in November. Furthermore, various books including the Civil War, Front Line miniseries. In late November 2006, Marvel announced another delay, Civil War #6, originally scheduled for release on December 20, was pushed back two weeks and released on January 4. Unlike the previous instance, only The Punisher War Journal #2 was delayed, in a final act of rescheduling, Civil War #7 was pushed back two weeks, and pushed back again until February 21. In summary, an explosion in Stamford by the villain Nitro causes the U. S. government to introduce the Superhero Registration Act and those not adhering to it are deemed unregistered and rogue superheroes.
Tony Stark and Reed Richards lead the side of the pro-registration superheroes, Captain America leads the anti-registration side. Spider-Man, initially with Tony Stark, eventually joins the team of Captain America, Goliath is killed by the pro-registration superheroes. Many supervillains join the government in hunting down superheroes, when Mister Fantastic was researching realities where the Civil War ended differently, he found one reality in which their version of Anthony Stark was a woman named Natasha Stark. The Civil War was avoided entirely in this reality due to her marriage to Steve Rogers, in What If Civil War Ended Differently. A stranger appears in front of Iron Man, who is visiting Captain America’s grave at Arlington National Cemetery. Tony Stark is told of two ways the Civil War could have concluded, The first is detailed in, What if Captain America led all the heroes against the Registration Act
The Civil Wars (album)
The Civil Wars is the second and final album by American alternative folk band The Civil Wars. The album was released on August 6,2013 by Sensibility Music/Columbia Records, the Civil Wars received generally positive reviews from music critics, and it sold more than 116,000 copies, making it debut at No.1 on the Billboard 200. The song From This Valley won them their fourth Grammy, the one in the category Best Country Duo/Group Performance. The One That Got Away and From This Valley were released as singles in June 2013, the third single from the album, Dust to Dust, was released to Hot adult contemporary radio in the United States on October 7,2013. The Civil Wars received positive reviews from critics, according to Metacritic, the album has scored 71 out of 100 based on 29 reviews, indicating generally favorable reviews, the same score Barton Hollow, the duos previous album, received. The album debuted at No.1 on the Billboard 200 chart with sales of 116,000 copies
American Civil War
The American Civil War was an internal conflict fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states grouped together as the Confederate States of America, the Union won the war, which remains the bloodiest in U. S. history. Among the 34 U. S. states in February 1861, War broke out in April 1861 when Confederates attacked the U. S. fortress of Fort Sumter. The Confederacy grew to eleven states, it claimed two more states, the Indian Territory, and the southern portions of the western territories of Arizona. The Confederacy was never recognized by the United States government nor by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal, including border states where slavery was legal, were known as the Union or the North, the war ended with the surrender of all the Confederate armies and the dissolution of the Confederate government in the spring of 1865. The war had its origin in the issue of slavery. The Confederacy collapsed and 4 million slaves were freed, but before his inauguration, seven slave states with cotton-based economies formed the Confederacy.
The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, the first seven with state legislatures to resolve for secession included split majorities for unionists Douglas and Bell in Georgia with 51% and Louisiana with 55%. Alabama had voted 46% for those unionists, Mississippi with 40%, Florida with 38%, Texas with 25%, of these, only Texas held a referendum on secession. Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession, outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Lincolns March 4,1861 inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war, speaking directly to the Southern States, he reaffirmed, I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists. I believe I have no right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. After Confederate forces seized numerous federal forts within territory claimed by the Confederacy, efforts at compromise failed, the Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on King Cotton that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter, while in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theater, the battle was inconclusive in 1861–62. The autumn 1862 Confederate campaigns into Maryland and Kentucky failed, dissuading British intervention, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made ending slavery a war goal. To the west, by summer 1862 the Union destroyed the Confederate river navy, much of their western armies, the 1863 Union siege of Vicksburg split the Confederacy in two at the Mississippi River. In 1863, Robert E. Lees Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg, Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grants command of all Union armies in 1864
The aim of one side may be to take control of the country or a region, to achieve independence for a region or to change government policies. The term is a calque of the Latin bellum civile which was used to refer to the civil wars of the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC. A civil war is a high-intensity conflict, often involving regular armed forces, Civil wars may result in large numbers of casualties and the consumption of significant resources. Most modern civil wars involve intervention by outside powers, according to Patrick M. Civil wars since the end of World War II have lasted on average just over four years, a dramatic rise from the one-and-a-half-year average of the 1900–1944 period. For example, there were no more than five civil wars underway simultaneously in the first half of the 20th century while there were over 20 concurrent civil wars close to the end of the Cold War. Since 1945, civil wars have resulted in the deaths of over 25 million people, ann Hironaka further specifies that one side of a civil war is the state.
The intensity at which a civil disturbance becomes a war is contested by academics. Some political scientists define a civil war as having more than 1000 casualties, the Correlates of War, a dataset widely used by scholars of conflict, classifies civil wars as having over 1000 war-related casualties per year of conflict. Based on the 1000 casualties per year criterion, there were 213 civil wars from 1816 to 1997,104 of which occurred from 1944 to 1997. If one uses the less-stringent 1000 casualties total criterion, there were over 90 civil wars between 1945 and 2007, with 20 ongoing civil wars as of 2007. The Geneva Conventions do not specifically define the term civil war and this includes civil wars, however no specific definition of civil war is provided in the text of the Conventions. That the legal Government is obliged to have recourse to the military forces against insurgents organized as military. That the insurgents have an organization purporting to have the characteristics of a State and that the insurgent civil authority exercises de facto authority over the population within a determinate portion of the national territory.
That the armed forces act under the direction of an authority and are prepared to observe the ordinary laws of war. That the insurgent civil authority agrees to be bound by the provisions of the Convention, scholars investigating the cause of civil war are attracted by two opposing theories, greed versus grievance. Scholarly analysis supports the conclusion that economic and structural factors are more important than those of identity in predicting occurrences of civil war, a comprehensive study of civil war was carried out by a team from the World Bank in the early 21st century. A second source of finance is national diasporas, which can fund rebellions, the study found that statistically switching the size of a countrys diaspora from the smallest found in the study to the largest resulted in a sixfold increase in the chance of a civil war. Opportunity cost of rebellion Higher male secondary school enrollment, per capita income, the study interpreted these three factors as proxies for earnings forgone by rebellion, and therefore that lower forgone earnings encourage rebellion
English Civil War
The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists over, the manner of Englands government. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, the monopoly of the Church of England on Christian worship in England ended with the victors consolidating the established Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. The term English Civil War appears most often in the singular form, the war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. Unlike other civil wars in England, which focused on who should rule, this war was more concerned with the manner in which the kingdoms of England, the two sides had their geographical strongholds, such that minority elements were silenced or fled. The strongholds of the royalty included the countryside, the shires, on the other hand, all the cathedral cities sided with Parliament. All the industrial centers, the ports, and the advanced regions of southern and eastern England typically were parliamentary strongholds.
Lacey Baldwin Smith says, the words populist, rich, at times there would be two groups of three lines allowing one group to reload while the other group arranged themselves and fired. Mixed in among the musketeers were pikemen carrying pikes that were between 12 feet and 18 feet long, whose purpose was to protect the musketeers from cavalry charges. The Royalist cavaliers skill and speed on horseback led to early victories. While the Parliamentarian cavalry were slower than the cavaliers, they were better disciplined. The Royalists had a tendency to chase down individual targets after the initial charge leaving their forces scattered and tired, Cromwells cavalry, on the other hand, trained to operate as a single unit, which led to many decisive victories. The English Civil War broke out fewer than forty years after the death of Queen Elizabeth I in 1603, in spite of this, James personal extravagance meant he was perennially short of money and had to resort to extra-Parliamentary sources of income.
Charles hoped to unite the kingdoms of England and Ireland into a new single kingdom, many English Parliamentarians had suspicions regarding such a move because they feared that setting up a new kingdom might destroy the old English traditions which had bound the English monarchy. As Charles shared his fathers position on the power of the crown, at the time, the Parliament of England did not have a large permanent role in the English system of government. Instead, Parliament functioned as an advisory committee and was summoned only if. Once summoned, a continued existence was at the kings pleasure. Yet in spite of this role, Parliament had, over the preceding centuries. Without question, for a monarch, Parliaments most indispensable power was its ability to tax revenues far in excess of all other sources of revenue at the Crowns disposal
Civil War (song)
Civil War is a song by the rock band Guns N Roses which originally appeared on the 1990 compilation Nobodys Child, Romanian Angel Appeal, and on the 1991 album Use Your Illusion II. It is a protest song on war, referring to all war as civil war, in the song, lead singer Axl Rose asks, Whats so civil about war, anyway. It was released as a single in 1993 in several regions, several regions in which the single was not released instead saw the release of The Civil War EP. Civil War was the brainchild of the Guns N Roses artists Axl Rose, Slash stated that the song was an instrumental he had written right before the band left for the Japanese leg of its Appetite for Destruction world tour. Axl wrote lyrics and it was worked into a song at a sound check in Melbourne. On September 27,1993, Duff McKagan explained where the came from in an interview on Rockline. Axl came up with a couple of lines at the beginning, I went in a peace march, when I was a little kid, with my mom. I was like four years old, and thats when, Did you wear the black arm band when they shot the man who said, Peace could last forever.
Civil War reached number four on the Mainstream Rock chart in Billboard magazine, the song samples Strother Martins speech in the 1967 movie, Cool Hand Luke, What weve got here is. Some men you just cant reach, so you get what we had here last week, which is the way he wants it. I dont like it any more than you men, as popular war advances, peace is closer. The song includes the American Civil War song, When Johnny Comes Marching Home, Civil War is the B-side track to the June 1991 release of Guns N Roses You Could Be Mine single, the promotional single for Terminator 2, Judgment Day. However, Civil War was not featured in the film, Adler was replaced by then-drummer for The Cult, Matt Sorum, the drummer for all other 29 tracks on the two-disc set. This song was covered by the band Hoobastank for a stripped or acoustic set they did. The song was first played at Farm Aid 1990, this was the first and last time the song was played with original drummer Steven Adler. The song was played many times from 1991 through 1993, though after 1993 the song was not performed again until December 4,2011 at the Bridgestone Arena in Nashville, as of 2014, the song is played at almost every show
Civil War (college football game)
First played 123 years ago in 1894, it is the fifth most played college football rivalry game in the Football Bowl Subdivision of the NCAA. Both universities are members of the North Division of the Pac-12 Conference, the game was first played in 1894 and has been contested 120 times through 2016, Oregon leads the series 63–47–10. The game was not contested in 1900,1901,1911,1943, the first reference to the Civil War name was in 1929 and came into common use in 1937. Prior to that, it was called the Oregon Classic or the State Championship Game, the game is usually played in even-numbered years at the home field of Oregon State in Corvallis and in odd-numbered years at the home field of Oregon in Eugene. Seven games were played at Multnomah Stadium in Portland, in 1908,1917,1933,1934,1938,1950, and 1952. In an effort to mitigate rioting, the 1912 and 1913 games were played at a site in Albany following riots after the 1910 game that led to the 1911 games cancellation. From 1997 through 2006, the team won the game.
The streak was snapped in 2007, when Oregon State beat Oregon at Autzen Stadium 38-31 in double overtime, in 2008, the Ducks returned the favor in Corvallis by beating OSU 65-38. The streak of visiting teams winning was snapped at two games in 2009 when the Ducks won 37-33 in Eugene, from 1959 to 1961, the Platypus Trophy was awarded to the winning school. The trophy was lost for 40 years and found in 2005, although both teams share the longest win streak in the series at 8 games a piece, the Ducks went 13 years without losing to the Beavers from 1975-1987. Other athletic contests between the schools are referred to as Civil War games. 1933, In a game played before 32,183 spectators at Multnomah Stadium in Portland, the Beavers scored first, but the rest was all Oregon, with fullback Iron Mike Mikulak rushing for 89 yards on the way to a 13–3 victory. The Ducks won a share of the PCC championship, but Stanford got the bid to the 1934 Rose Bowl,1957, The Ducks had a 6–1 conference record and the Beavers were 5–2.
Both teams scored on their first possession, but that ended the scoring late in the third quarter. A late fumble by the Ducks Jim Shanley secured the win—but not the Rose Bowl—for Oregon State,1959, The Ducks came into the game with just one loss. An Oregon win, coupled with a Washington loss, could have earned the Ducks a Rose Bowl invitation, Oregon State was 2–6, its first losing record in 5 years. The Beavers started shakily, fumbling on their first two possessions and falling behind 7–0 in the first quarter, the rest was all Beavers as they salvaged their season with two touchdowns and a field goal to upset the Ducks, 15–7. 1969, With the score tied at 7 and less than a minute left, Oregon State placekicker Mike Nehl attempted a 29-yard field goal to put the Beavers ahead
Civil War (album)
Civil War is the fourth album by the Minneapolis, Minnesota punk rock band Dillinger Four, released on October 14,2008 by Fat Wreck Chords. It is the second album for Fat, following 2002s Situationist Comedy. Its recording and production took place several years, and its release date was pushed back several times. An early internet leak of the album was the source of some controversy, Dillinger Four had announced as early as June 2006 that Civil War would be released on October 31 of that year. However that August they amended the expected date to March 2007. In November 2006 drummer Lane Pederson stated that the band were working at D4 speed on a new record, about half of the songs are written. It’s more to do with when we want to tour, right now its more that Lanes having a baby and Billy might be selling his house. Just all sorts of crazy shit like that, were waiting to see when would be the best time that we could leave for two and half months. The album went unreleased in the Spring and Summer of 2007, the new jams are high energy, and are gonna be a blast to play live.
Were working on using all three vocals, which we used to do a bit more in the early days and works great. But mostly I expect a great Dillinger Four record, fast-paced, great change-ups, in July Dillinger Four announced that they were entering a recording studio to finish the album, and that it would be completed by August. This recording session took place at The Terrarium in Minneapolis with producer Dave Gardener, on August 19,2008 Fat Wreck Chords posted the official cover artwork on their website and set a release date of October 14. The full track listing was listed on the bands official website. The full album was available for listening in streaming media on the bands Myspace profile on October 8. In an interview with Chart magazine shortly before Civil Wars release, Funk reflected on the reasons for the long delay and it was just one thing after another and time flew by. When you dont do your band like a career like us, if you dont put a deadline on it, it may never get done. Like us, you turn around and its six years.
The first year or two after the last record, we were touring and not thinking about making an album
The Civil War (musical)
The Civil War is a musical written by Gregory Boyd and Frank Wildhorn, with lyrics by Jack Murphy and music by Wildhorn. The musical centers on the American Civil War, with the musical numbers portraying the war through Union, the musical was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Musical. Its styles include Gospel, Country and Rhythm, a studio cast album was released in 1999 by Atlantic Records, and included Linda Eder, Maya Angelou, James Garner, Hootie & the Blowfish, Travis Tritt, Dr. John and Betty Buckley. Both a double-disc album was released as The Complete Work, the Nashville Sessions charted on Billboards Top Country Albums, eventually peaking at #48. The musical had its premiere at the Alley Theatre, Texas, on September 16,1998. The production was supervised by Gregory Boyd, with staging by George Faison. The cast featured Linda Eder, Keith Byron Kirk, Beth Leavel, Jesse Lenat, Capathia Jenkins, Matt Bogart and Michael Lanning. The musical premiered on Broadway at the St. James Theatre on April 22,1999 and closed on June 13,1999, directed by Jerry Zaks with musical staging by Luis Perez, the cast featured Leavel as Mabel/Mrs.
Bixby, Kirk as Frederick Douglass, Bogart as Private Sam Taylor, the musical toured in the United States, starting in January 2000 in Cincinnati, Ohio. The original cast of 28 had been reduced to 15, rather than playing individual characters, they all play everyman - a soldier, a wife, a nurse, a girlfriend, a slave. Stephen Rayne directed, with a cast that included Larry Gatlin alternating with John Schneider, the Civil War was one of the productions produced at the newly renovated Fords Theatre, running from March 27,2009 through May 24. Directed by Jeff Calhoun, the 16-member cast featured Jarrod Emick, Eleasha Gamble, Michael Lanning and Timothy Shew, the production is conceived in a concert setting. In 2006, a new version of the opened at the Majestic Theatre in Gettysburg. Called For the Glory, The Civil War Musical in Gettysburg, the Variety review of the Alley Theatre production said that the show was not a traditional musical as a revue-style presentation of a song cycle. The production uses rear-screen projections of photos and letters evoke the period setting and it was panned by critics, including The New York Times, which found it generic. without plot and essentially without character