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Civil procedure

Civil procedure is the body of law that sets out the rules and standards that courts follow when adjudicating civil lawsuits. These rules govern how a case may be commenced; some systems, including the English and French, allow governmental persons to bring a criminal prosecution against another person. Prosecutions are nearly always started by the state in order to punish the accused. Civil actions, on the other hand, are started by private individuals, companies or organizations, for their own benefit. In addition, governments may be parties to civil actions; the cases are in different courts. However this is distinguished from civil penal actions. In jurisdictions based on English common-law systems, the party bringing a criminal charge is called the "prosecution", but the party bringing most forms of civil action is the "plaintiff" or "claimant". In both kinds of action the other party is known as the "defendant". A criminal case against a person called Ms. Sanchez would be described as “The People v. Sanchez,” "The State v. Sanchez" or " v. Sanchez" in the United States and “R. v. Sanchez” in England and Wales, amongst other Commonwealth realms.

But a civil action between Ms. Sanchez and a Mr. Smith would be “Sanchez v. Smith” if it were started by Sanchez, “Smith v. Sanchez” if it were started by Mr. Smith. Most countries make a clear distinction between criminal procedure. For example, a criminal court may force a convicted defendant to pay a fine as punishment for his crime, the legal costs of both the prosecution and defence, but the victim of the crime pursues his claim for compensation in a civil, not a criminal, action. In France and England, however, a victim of a crime may incidentally be awarded compensation by a criminal court judge. Evidence from a criminal trial is admissible as evidence in a civil action about the same matter. For example, the victim of a road accident does not directly benefit if the driver who injured him is found guilty of the crime of careless driving, he still has to prove his case in a civil action, unless the doctrine of collateral estoppel applies, as it does in most American jurisdictions. In fact he may be able to prove his civil case when the driver is found not guilty in the criminal trial, because the standard to determine guilt is higher than the standard to determine fault.

However, if a driver is found by a civil jury not to have been negligent, a prosecutor may be estopped from charging him criminally. If the plaintiff has shown that the defendant is liable, the main remedy in a civil court is the amount of money, or "damages", which the defendant should pay to the plaintiff. Alternative civil remedies include restitution or transfer of property, or an injunction to restrain or order certain actions; the standards of proof are higher in a criminal case than in a civil one, since the state does not wish to risk punishing an innocent person. In English law the prosecution must prove the guilt of a criminal “beyond reasonable doubt”. Thus, in a criminal case a crime cannot be proven if the person or persons judging it doubt the guilt of the suspect and have a reason for this doubt, but in a civil case, the court will decide what is most probable. Civil procedure is traditionally divided into adversarial. Australia Brazil Canada England and Wales Germany Netherlands Romania Scotland United States Nigeria Affirmative defense Civil Justice Fairness Act Criminal procedure Jurisdiction Laches Objection Prejudice Statute of limitations Summary judgment Time constraints Trial de novo Civil Procedure Rules applying to England and Wales Complete text of Federal Rules of Civil Procedure Rhode Island Civil Court Rules of Procedure - Optimized by a Constable from the law library at the 6th District Court of Rhode Island


Süpercan is a third person Action-adventure game. The game was developed by Sobee and published by TTÇocuk on May, 2011. Süpercan was first announced in November 2009. Süpercan has been shortlisted at the European Excellence Awards 2011. 50 acres of forest are destroyed every minute on the Earth. While the robots are destroying the forests, the protagonist Süpercan tries to stop them. Marvel Comics' characters help him from time to time in this fight. Programming & Design: Yasin Demirden Graphics & Sound Effect & Design: Yakup Demirden Design: Necati Dinç Director: Mevlüt Dinç Music: Alpan Aytekin Official website Official teaser on NTV-MSNBC Official trailer on YouTube

Channel 41 digital TV stations in the United States

The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 41 in the United States: K41BW-D in New Mobeetie, Texas K41DM-D in Fruitland, Utah K41EV-D in Akron, Colorado K41FZ-D in Koosharem, Utah K41GE-D in Cedar City, Utah K41GI-D in Imlay, Nevada K41GS-D in Summit County, Utah K41HH-D in Austin, Nevada K41HQ-D in Quanah, Texas K41IG-D in Scipio, Utah K41IO-D in Las Vegas, Nevada K41IT-D in Haxtun, Colorado K41JS-D in Green River, Utah K41KD-D in Roosevelt, etc. Utah K41KE-D in Garrison, Utah K41KX-D in Joplin, Missouri K41KZ-D in Chalfant Valley, California K41LA-D in Carbondale, Colorado K41LB-D in Scofield, Utah K41LJ-D in East Price, Utah K41LM-D in Lamar, Colorado K41LS-D in Forsyth, Montana K41LU-D in Eureka, Nevada K41MB-D in Ruth, Nevada K41MX-D in Perryton, Texas KBTI-LD in Boise, Idaho KDBK-LP in Bakersfield, California KGCW in Burlington, Iowa KKPX-TV in San Jose, California KLCS in Los Angeles, California KLDY-LD in Anchorage, Alaska KNME-TV in Pecos, New Mexico KNOV-CD in New Orleans, Louisiana KPXO-TV in Kaneohe, Hawaii KQLP-LD in Lincoln, Nebraska KRHT-LD in Redding, California KTFF-LD in Fresno, California W41DK-D in Keyser, West Virginia W41DO-D in New York, New York W41DP-D in Springfield, Illinois WATC-DT in Atlanta, Georgia WBXM-CD in Montgomery, Alabama WEDY in New Haven, Connecticut WEIQ in Mobile, Alabama WETP-TV in Sneedville, Tennessee WFRW-LD in Enterprise, Alabama WGBA-TV in Green Bay, Wisconsin WHDS-LD in Savannah, Georgia WIRS in Yauco, Puerto Rico WKBN-TV in Youngstown, Ohio WKPD in Paducah, Kentucky WLVI in Cambridge, Massachusetts WNJJ-LD in Paterson, New Jersey WOLP-CD in Grand Rapids, Michigan WRBW in Orlando, Florida WRLW-CD in Salem, Indiana WRZY-LD in Buxton, North Carolina WTMQ-LD in Jacksonville, North Carolina WUTB in Baltimore, Maryland WXYZ-TV in Detroit, Michigan WZDX in Huntsville, Alabama WZVN-TV in Naples, FloridaThe following stations, which are no longer licensed broadcast on digital channel 41: K41JF-D in Hagerman, Idaho K41MM-D in Pateros, Washington KLMW-LD in Lufkin, Texas KMMA-CD in San Luis Obispo, California KTJX-LD in College Station, Texas WIFR in Freeport, Illinois


Farndale is a valley in Ryedale district, North Yorkshire, known for the daffodils which flower each spring along a 7-mile stretch of the River Dove. The valley is in the North York Moors National Park, some 11 miles north of Kirkbymoorside, the nearest town. Pickering is Helmsley 17 miles to the south-west; the population of the civil parishes of Farndale East and Farndale West combined was 207 in 2011, was estimated to have dropped to 180 by 2015. Farndale is an isolated, scattered agricultural community with traditional Yorkshire dry stone walls; the valley is popular with walkers due to its famous wild daffodils, which can be seen around Easter time all along the banks of the River Dove. To protect the daffodils the majority of Farndale north of Lowna was created a Local Nature Reserve in 1955. Farndale is home to two hamlets. Low Mill is a tourist honeypot during daffodil season as this is where the famous daffodil walk begins; the other end of the daffodil walk is at High Mill a cluster of houses a short distance down a lane from Church Houses.

The annual Farndale Agricultural Show, held on the Summer Bank Holiday Monday in late August is a popular local event. The 100th Show was held in 2006. Sources disagree on the origin of the name Farndale, although it is a combination of two parts "Farn" and "Dale". There a four possible origins for "Farn" all of which do describe the dale, it may be derived from the Celtic "Faren" meaning beautiful. While Dale means Valley either derived from Scandinavion "Dalr" or Anglian "Dæl" although it could be derived from the Gaelic "Dail" meaning level field by a river; the name of the River Dove which Flows though Farndale is definitely from either the Old British "Dubo" meaning Black or from the Gaelic "Dubh" meaning black, hence Black River. Farndale is a valley within the North York Moors, it is surrounded by some of the wildest moorland in England; the dale is sandwiched between Bransdale to the west, Rosedale to the east and Westerdale to the north. To the north-east sits Blakey Ridge at over 1,312 feet above sea level, to the north-west, Cockayne Ridge reaching up to 1,490 feet above sea level is one of the highest points of the North York Moors.

The southern boundary of the Farndale Parishes are along Harland Beck and Shortsha Beck, although the Gillamoor to Hutton-le-Hole road is considered as the boundary for all other purposes, south of this the dale continues but changes its name to Douthwaitedale, though the Tabular Hills until is reaches Keldhome Kirkby Mills just east of Kirkbymoorside. The River Dove rises on Westerdale Moor North of Farndale flows through Farndale south-east past to Church Houses. Here it continues meandering past Low Mill to Lowna. At Gillamoor it heads south-east again past Hutton-le-Hole before returning southwards past Ravenswick and to the east of Kirkbymoorside, it continues past Kikrby Mills to Great Edstone. From there it flows south south-east to where it joins the River Rye in the Vale of Pickering near the village of Salton. Several tributaries meet the Dove through Farndale two of these make the valley is almost'cactus' shaped, with a long central valley following the River Dove, two side branches to make the arms - Blakey Gill near Church Houses and West Gill near Low Mill.

The Farndale Local Nature Reserve constitutes the majority of Farndale, a dale within the North York Moors National Park. It was created in 1955 to protect the wild daffodils; the Local Nature reserve comprises the larger part of the Farndale Site of Special Scientific Interest which comprises 390 acres. Over 40,000 people visit the dale in the springtime to walk along the River Dove and see the daffodils; the variety of daffodil that grows wild in the valley, has shorter stems than the cultivated variety and are believed to have been planted by monks in medieval times. The daffodils are known as Lent Lillies in Farndale and they appear around Lent. Around the north of Farndale, between Bloworth Crossing and Blakey is the track bed of the old Rosedale Ironstone Railway which forms part of two Long Distance Footpaths these being Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk and The Lyke Wake Walk. Farndale was divided between three ancient parishes. Farndale Eastside was a township in the parish of Lastingham.

The township of Farndale High Quarter and Bransdale Eastside and the township of Farndale Low Quarter were in the parish of Kirkbymoorside. In 1873 Farndale Hiqh Quarter and Farndale Westside joined to become a single parish; the Farndale parishes were subsequently realigned to Farndale West. The dividing line between the two Farndale civil parishes is along the course of the River Dove; until 2018 Farndale East had a Parish Council responsible for the eastern side including Church Houses and Farndale West had a Parish Meeting looking after the western side including Low Mill. In April 2018 a joint Farndale Parish Council was formed under a grouping order and it now represents the interests of all residents in Farndale; the second tier of Local Government is Ryedale District Council and the third tier North Yorkshire County Council being part of the North Riding of Yorkshire. Farndale is part of the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament

Tim Howard

Timothy Matthew Howard is an American former professional soccer player who played as a goalkeeper. He is considered to be the greatest goalkeeper in American soccer history. Howard was named to the 2003–04 PFA Premier League Team of the Year and was awarded the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup Golden Glove. Referencing the American public's preference for other sports over soccer in contrast to most other countries, the Chicago Tribune described Howard as the "rarest of creatures – an American soccer hero". Howard began his career before making a move to the MetroStars, his appearances soon attracted the attention of English Premier League club Manchester United, who signed him in 2003. He enjoyed relative success with the club, as they won the 2003 FA Community Shield, the 2003–04 FA Cup and the 2005–06 League Cup. After United signed goalkeeper Edwin van der Sar, Howard went out on loan to Everton to play more first-team football, signed permanently with them in February 2007. On January 4, 2012, Howard scored his first professional goal in a Premier League match against Bolton Wanderers, making him only the fourth goalkeeper to score a goal in the Premier League.

In 2016, Howard made his return to MLS. Howard is the most capped goalkeeper of all-time for the United States men's national team, with 121 caps since 2002 until his international retirement in 2017, he was an unused substitute for the 2006 FIFA World Cup but established himself as first-choice keeper of the United States' international tournament games beginning with the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, in which the U. S. ended as runner-up against Brazil. Howard participated starting in all their matches; the team reached the Round of 16 on both occasions, during the latter Howard set a World Cup record for most saves in a match, with 15 against Belgium. Howard was born in North Brunswick, New Jersey, the son of African-American truck driver Matthew Howard and his Hungarian wife Esther, who worked for a container packing distributor, his father moved out ``. Afterwards, Howard lived with his mother. Howard was diagnosed with OCD when he was in the sixth grade. In 1991, before Howard was a teenager, Tim Mulqueen, a one-time assistant coach for the U.

S. under-17 soccer team, saw Howard's potential at a single $25 soccer coaching session. He took Howard under his wing; when Howard was 14 and 15 years old, Peter Mellor, the former professional goalkeeper, coaching for the United States Soccer Federation and writing the curriculum for the first U. S. Soccer National Goalkeeping License for coaches, saw the 14-year-old Howard in an Olympic Development Player camp, identified him as a star of the future, placed him in the Olympic Development Program. Mellor helped Howard obtain his work permit appeal after he joined Manchester United from the MetroStars in 2003. Howard attended North Brunswick Township High School. Howard proved a star not only in soccer as a midfielder, but on the basketball court, where he averaged 15 points per game and helped bring his team to the state finals in his senior year. During high school, he played for Central Jersey Cosmos. In 1995, Howard was part of the U. S. under-17 squad. In 1997, Mulqueen became the coach of the North Jersey Imperials, a team in the United Systems of Independent Soccer Leagues, served as the goalkeeping coach for Major League Soccer's MetroStars.

Howard signed with the Imperials and played in his first professional game before graduating from high school. After only six appearances with the USISL's North Jersey Imperials, Howard was brought up to the MetroStars by Mulqueen, who at the time was the MetroStars' goalkeeping coach. Howard was victorious in his MLS debut with the MetroStars on August 18, 1998, making five saves in a 4–1 win over Colorado at Giants Stadium, he played in one game with the Nike Project-40 Team, a 3–1 win over the Staten Island Vipers at Giants Stadium on May 6, 1998. With the MetroStars during the 1999 MLS season, Howard made eight starts in nine contests. Howard won just one match in a season in which the Metros won just seven games, he spent most of the international season with the United States Under-20 team, leaving the club to compete in the 1999 FIFA World Youth Championship in April and the 1999 Pan American Games in July. Howard posted a 5–2–2 record with a 1.59 GAA in 2000, splitting time between the MetroStars and the United States Olympic team winning all three of his U.

S. Open Cup starts that season. Howard won the 2001 MLS Goalkeeper of the Year award, recording 146 saves and finishing the year with a 1.33 GAA, four shutouts, a 13–10–3 record. He received the MLS Humanitarian of the Year Award. Howard played in 27 of 28 regular season games in 2002 for the MetroStars, he was named to the MLS Best XI for the second straight season. Before leaving the MetroStars in 2003, he appeared in thirteen games and had three clean sheets as the club challenged for first place during the season's first half. Manchester United paid a US$4 million transfer fee to sign Howard in the middle of the 2003 MLS season, he replaced Fabien Barthez as the club's first-choice goalkeeper. Howard started off well at Manchester United, saving the decisive penalty in the Community Shield against Arsenal. Other notable performances followed, including Bolton Wanderers and a home FA Cup tie victory over Manchester City. In March 2004, Howard's poor

World Vision International

World Vision International is an Evangelical Christian humanitarian aid and advocacy organization. It prefers to present itself as interdenominational and employs staff from non-evangelical Christian denominations, it was founded in 1950 by Robert Pierce as a service organization to meet the emergency needs of missionaries. In 1975 development work was added to World Vision's objectives, it is active in nearly 100 countries with a total revenue including grants and foreign donations of more than $2 billion. The charity was founded in 1950 as World Vision Inc. by Robert Pierce and co-founder Frank Phillips with the first office in Portland, Oregon. The charity operated as a missionary service organization meeting emergency needs in crisis areas in East Asia, where in 1954 it opened an office in South Korea. In order to restructure, the organization World Vision International was founded in 1977 by Walter Stanley Mooneyham the president of World Vision. In 1967, the Mission Advanced Research and Communication Center was founded by Ed Dayton as a division of World Vision International.

It became the organizational backbone of the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization and published data about "unreached people" and published the "Mission Handbook: North American Protestant Ministries Overseas". During the 1970s, World Vision began training families to build small farms by teaching agricultural skills aiming to make lasting effects in the communities they were helping by promoting self-reliance The organization began installing water pumps for clean water in communities which caused infant mortality rates to drop. Volunteers now use the fresh water to teach communities gardening and irrigation and promote good health. During the 1990s, World Vision International began focusing on the needs of children, orphaned in Uganda and Somalia in response to AIDS, civil war, respectively, they began educating other African communities on AIDS after realizing its impact. They joined the United Nations peacekeeping efforts to help those affected by civil war. World Vision started to promote the international ban on land mines.

In 1994 World Vision US moved to Washington State. According to Forbes magazine, as of December 2014, World Vision is the 11th largest charity in the United States with total revenue of over 981 million dollars. World Vision Partnership now operates as a federation of interdependent national offices governed by the same agreement but with three different levels of central control. National Offices- under strong central control by World Vision International, registered in the host country as a branch of the main organization. Intermediate Stage National Offices with a separate board of directors Interdependently National Registered Offices- autonomous in internal decision but are expected to coordinate with World Vision International and are bound to the Covenant of Partnership; the Covenant of Partnership is a document that all national members of the World Vision Partnership have to sign. According to this document all national offices have to accept policies and decisions established by the International Board and must not establish an office or program outside their own national borders without the consent of World Vision International and the host country.

Except for direct project founding, all funds intended for outside their national borders have to be remitted through World Vision International. The financial planning and budget principles adopted by the International Board have to be accepted as well as an examination of the financial affairs of the national offices by Partnership representatives; the president of World Vision International has a seat on all national offices with their own national board. The partnership offices – located in Geneva, Nairobi, Los Angeles, San José, Costa Rica – coordinate operations of the organization and represent World Vision in the international arena. For making large scale decisions, the international organization considers opinions from each national office, whether in the developed or developing world. An international board of directors oversees the World Vision partnership; the full board meets twice a year to appoint senior officers, approve strategic plans and budgets, determine international policy.

The current chairperson of the international board is Donna Shepherd. The international president is Kevin J. Jenkins. World Vision's staff comes from a range of Christian denominations, its staff includes followers of Protestantism and Eastern Orthodoxy. Around the world its staff includes followers of different religions or none, its staff participates in weekly services. They stress. However, World Vision respects other religions that it encounters, stating that "to promote a secular approach to life would be an insult to them". Richard Stearns, president of World Vision US, stated that World Vision has a strict policy against proselytizing, which he describes as "...using any kind of coercion or inducement to listen to a religious message before helping someone". The World Vision Partnership and all of its national members are committed to the concept of transformational development, cast in a biblical framework and in which evangelization is an integral part of development work. Activities include: emergency relief, health care, economic development, promotion of justice.

The organization has consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council and partnerships with UN agencies like UNICEF, WHO, UNHCR and ILO, financial records reveal that it has funded evangelical activities all over the world. Its approach to aid is to first help people and their com