Michael Collins (Irish leader)
Michael Collins was an Irish revolutionary and politician, a leading figure in the early-20th-century Irish struggle for independence. He was Chairman of the Provisional Government of the Irish Free State from January 1922 until his assassination in August 1922. Collins was born in Woodfield, County Cork, the youngest of eight children, his family had republican connections reaching back to the 1798 rebellion, he moved to London in 1906. He was a member of the London GAA, through which he became associated with the Irish Republican Brotherhood and the Gaelic League, he fought in the Easter Rising. He was subsequently imprisoned in the Frongoch internment camp as a prisoner of war, but was released in December 1916. Collins rose through the ranks of the Irish Volunteers and Sinn Féin after his release from Frongoch, he became a Teachta Dála for South Cork in 1918, was appointed Minister for Finance in the First Dáil. He was present when the Dáil convened on 21 January 1919 and declared the independence of the Irish Republic.
In the ensuing War of Independence, he was Director of Organisation and Adjutant General for the Irish Volunteers, Director of Intelligence of the Irish Republican Army. He gained fame as a guerrilla warfare strategist and directing many successful attacks on British forces, such as the assassination of key British intelligence agents in November 1920. After the July 1921 ceasefire and Arthur Griffith were sent to London by Éamon de Valera to negotiate peace terms; the resulting Anglo-Irish Treaty established the Irish Free State but depended on an Oath of Allegiance to the Crown, a condition that de Valera and other republican leaders could not reconcile with. Collins viewed the Treaty as offering "the freedom to achieve freedom", persuaded a majority in the Dáil to ratify the Treaty. A provisional government was formed under his chairmanship in early 1922 but was soon disrupted by the Irish Civil War, in which Collins was commander-in-chief of the National Army, he was shot and killed in an ambush by anti-Treaty forces on 22 August 1922.
Collins was born in Woodfield, Hugh's Cross, near Clonakilty County Cork, on 16 October 1890, the third son and youngest of eight children. His father, Michael John, was a farmer and amateur mathematician, a member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood movement; the elder Collins was 60 years old when he married Mary Anne O'Brien 23, in 1876. The marriage was happy, they brought up eight children on a 90-acre farm called Woodfield, which the Collins family had held as tenants for several generations. Michael was six years old, he was a bright and precocious child with a fiery temper and a passionate feeling of Irish patriotism. He named a local blacksmith, James Santry, his headmaster at Lisavaird National School, Denis Lyons, as the first nationalists to inspire his "pride of Irishness". Lyons was a member of the IRB, while Santry's family had participated in, forged arms for, the rebellions of 1798, 1848 and 1867. There are a number of anecdotal explanations for the origin of his nickname "The Big Fellow".
His family claim that he was called this as a child, as a term of endearment for an adventitious and bold youngest brother. The nickname was established by his teens, long before he became as a military leader. At the age of thirteen he attended Clonakilty National School. During the week he stayed with his sister Margaret Collins-O'Driscoll and her husband Patrick O'Driscoll, while at weekends he returned to the family farm. Patrick O'Driscoll founded The West Cork People and Collins helped out with general reporting and preparing the issues of the newspaper. Leaving school at fifteen, Collins took the British Civil Service examination in Cork in February 1906 and moved to the home of his sister Hannie in London, where he became a boy clerk in the Post Office Savings Bank at Blythe House. In 1910 he became a messenger at a London firm of stockbrokers and Company. While living in London he studied law at King's College London, he joined the London GAA and, through this, the IRB. Sam Maguire, a republican from Dunmanway, County Cork, introduced the 19-year-old Collins to the IRB.
In 1915 he moved to work in the Guaranty Trust Company of New York where he remained until his return to Ireland the following year joining part-time Craig Gardiner & Co, a firm of accountants in Dawson Street, Dublin. The struggle for Home Rule, along with labour unrest, had led to the formation in 1913 of two major nationalist paramilitary groups who launched the Easter Rising: the Irish Citizen Army was established by James Connolly, James Larkin and his Irish Transport and General Workers Union to protect strikers from the Dublin Metropolitan Police during the 1913 Dublin Lockout; the Irish Volunteers were created in the same year by nationalists in response to the formation of the Ulster Volunteers, an Ulster loyalist body pledged to oppose Home Rule by force. An organiser of considerable intelligence, Collins had become respected in the IRB; this led to his appointment as financial advisor to Count Plunkett, father of one of the Easter Rising's organisers, Joseph Plunkett. Collins took part in preparing arms and drilling troops for the insurrection.
The Rising was Collins' first appearance in national events. When it commenced on Easter Monday 1916, Collins served as Joseph Plunkett's aide-de-camp at the rebellion's headquarters in the General Post Office in Dublin. There he fought alongside Patrick Pearse, James Connolly, other members of the Rising leadership; the Rising was put down after s
County Cork is a county in Ireland. It is the largest and southernmost county of Ireland, situated in the province of Munster and named after the city of Cork, Ireland's second-largest city; the Cork County Council is the local authority for the county. Its largest market towns are Mallow, Macroom and Skibbereen. In 2016, the county's population was 542,868. Notable Corkonians include Michael Collins, Jack Lynch, Sonia O'Sullivan. Cork borders four other counties; the county contains the Golden Vale pastureland and stretches from Kanturk in the north to Allihies in the south. The south-west region, including West Cork, is one of Ireland's main tourist destinations, known for its rugged coast, megalithic monuments, as the starting point for the Wild Atlantic Way; the county is known as the "Rebel county", a name given to them by King Henry VII of England for its support of a man claiming to be Richard, Duke of York in a futile attempt at a rebellion. The main third-level educator is University College Cork, founded in 1845, with a current undergraduate population around 15,000.
Significant local industry and employers include technology company Dell EMC, the European headquarters of Apple, Dairygold, which own milk-processing factories in Mitchelstown and Mallow. Two local authorities have remits which collectively encompass the geographic area of the county and city of Cork; the county, excluding Cork city, is administered by Cork County Council, while the city is administered separately by Cork City Council. Both city and county are part of the South-West Region. For standardized European statistical purposes, both Cork County Council and Cork City Council rank as first-level local administrative units of the NUTS 3 South-West Region. Thirty-four such LAU 1 entities are in the Republic of Ireland. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is divided into five constituencies—Cork East, Cork North-Central, Cork North-West, Cork South-Central and Cork South-West. Together they return 18 deputies to the Dáil; the county is part of the South constituency for the purposes of European elections.
For purposes other than local government, such as the formation of sporting teams, the term "County Cork" is taken to include both city and county. County Cork is located in the province of Munster, bordering Kerry to the west, Limerick to the north, Tipperary to the north-east and Waterford to the east, it is the largest county in Ireland by land area, the largest of Munster's six counties by population and area. At the last census in 2016, Cork city stood at 125,657; the population of the entire county is 542,868 making it the state's second-most populous county and the third-most populous county on the island of Ireland. The remit of Cork County Council includes some suburbs of the city not within the area of Cork City Council. Twenty-four historic baronies are in the county—the most of any county in Ireland. While baronies continue to be defined units, they are no longer used for many administrative purposes, their official status is illustrated by Placenames Orders made since 2003, where official Irish names of baronies are listed.
The county has 253 civil parishes. Townlands are the smallest defined geographical divisions in Ireland, with about 5447 townlands in the county; the county's mountain rose during a period mountain formation some 374-360 million years ago and include the Slieve Miskish and Caha Mountains on the Beara Peninsula, the Ballyhoura Mountains on the border with Limerick and the Shehy Mountains which contain Knockboy, the highest point in Cork. The Shehy Mountains are on the border with Kerry and may be accessed from the area known as Priests Leap, near the village of Coomhola; the Galtee Mountains are located across parts of Tipperary and Cork and are Ireland's highest inland mountain range. The upland areas of the Ballyhoura, Boggeragh and Mullaghareirk Mountain ranges add to the range of habitats found in the county. Important habitats in the uplands include blanket bog, glacial lakes, upland grasslands. Cork has the 13th-highest county peak in Ireland. Three rivers, the Bandon and Lee, their valleys dominate central Cork.
Habitats of the valleys and floodplains include woodlands, marshes and species-rich limestone grasslands. The River Bandon flows through several towns, including Dunmanway to the west of the town of Bandon before draining into Kinsale Harbour on the south coast. Cork's sea loughs include Lough Hyne and Lough Mahon, the county has many small lakes. An area has formed where the River Lee breaks into a network of channels weaving through a series of wooded islands. About 85 hectares of swamp are around Cork's wooded area; the Environmental Protection Agency carried out a survey of surface waters in County Cork between 1995 and 1997, which identified 125 rivers and 32 lakes covered by the regulations. Cork has a flat landscape with many beaches and sea cliffs along its coast; the southwest of Ireland is known for its peninsulas and some in Cork include the Beara Peninsula, Sheep's Head, Mizen Head, Brow Head. Brow Head is the most southerly point of mainland Ireland. There are many islands off the coast in particular, off West Cork.
Carbery's Hundred Isles are the islands around Long Island Roaringwater Bay. Fastnet Rock lies in the Atlantic Ocean 11.3 km south of mainland Ireland, making it the most southerly point of Ireland. Many notable islands lie off Cork, including Bere, Great and Cape Clear. Cork has 1,094 km of coastline, the second-longest coastline of any county after Mayo
O'Leary is an Irish name, an anglicized version of the original Gaelic patronym Ó Laoghaire or Ó Laoire. The Uí Laoghaire clan, today associated with the Uibh Laoghaire parish in County Cork, is considered by scholars to have originated in the early Middle Ages on the south-west coast, in the area of Ros Ó gCairbre, of which the O'Leary were hereditary lords; the Annals of Innisfallen records St. Fachtna's death in 600 AD as occurring in "O'Laeghaire of Ross i.e. Corca Laidhe-I-Laeghaire Ruis"; the clan traces its lineage to Lugaid Mac Con, an ancient King of Tara and High King of Ireland, descendant of Dáire Doimthech. In the 12th century the O'Leary's were recognised hereditary wardens of St Fachtna's monastery and seat of higher learning, the School of Ross. In more recent times, the clan, of the Corcu Loígde, was pushed north and settled in an area south of Macroom around Inchigeelagh on the River Lee called Uibh Laoghaire; the Corcu Loígde were the rulers of Munster, of territories beyond the province, before the rise of the Eóganachta in the 7th century.
The port of Dún Laoghaire, near Dublin is not associated with the O'Leary sept, rather it is named for Lóegaire mac Néill, a 5th-century High King of Ireland. The book of Lecan details the early status of O'Leary as a Corco Laide taisach duchusa in the tuath of Ross, with associated families:Tuath Ruis.i. Tuath in Dolaich, o Loch in Bricin co Faid Ruis -, o Thraig Long co Sid na Fear Find. O Leagaire a taisach duchusa. Is iad so an oclaid duchusa.i. O Ruaidri -, O Lonan -, O Laidid -, O Torpa -, O hUrmoltaich -, O Mirin -, O Meic Dairic -, O Tuaraide -, O Trena -, O hUainidi -, O Cerdin The name occurs in the Cineal Laoghaire branch of the Eoghanacht dynasty which came to dominate Munster. With the unrelated Corco Laidhe and Eoghanacht branches of O'Learys settling in north-west Cork and nearby Kerry the tracing of lineage is complex. Although nothing is known of their activities for several centuries, the O'Learys reappear as a still titled family in the 16th century, wealthy, although they were subject to the MacCarthy of Muskerry dynasty, from whom they received the White Wand.
They were the only other freeholders in Muskerry besides the O'Mahonys, had built several castles in their territories, of which Carrignacurra is now the only one still standing. The celebrated Irish language writer Peadar Ua Laoghaire was a descendant of the Carrignacurra branch of the family. Auliffe O'Leary joined the side of Hugh Ó Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone in the Nine Years' War, from the inception of it, took the field with William Bourke and others. For this the chiefs of the O'Learys were attained, their lands parceled out, but because of the remoteness of their territory it was never carried out, they remained safe there until the Cromwellian confiscations decades later. Donough MacCarty, 1st Earl of Clancarty did however appear to do his best to allow them to stay on their lands through leasing; the family became much more scattered during the Williamite War in Ireland. As an example of their wealth and capacity in the mid-16th century, an early O'Leary of Carrignacurra is purported to be the fosterer of Donnel na g croiceann, or Donnel of the Hides, ancestor of the modern O'Donovans of Clan Cahaill.
His daughter Ellen married Donnell. Their issue was Donnell II O'Donovan; the last O'Leary lord of the Old Gaelic order was Donal MacArt O'Leary. Art Ó Laoghaire, Austro-Hungarian army officer His wife Eibhlín Dubh Ní Chonaill, composed "Caoineadh Airt Uí Laoghaire" Daniel Florencio O'Leary, military general under Simon Bolivar Michael John O'Leary, Irish-Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross William O'Leary, Deputy Commander Field Army Arthur O'Leary, Irish Franciscan and polemical writer Francis O'Leary MBE, Roman Catholic priest and missionary who founded the St Joseph's Hospice Association Henry Joseph O'Leary, 5th Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlottetown and 3rd Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Edmonton Louis James O'Leary, 6th Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlottetown John O'Leary, Irish poet, imprisoned in England during the nineteenth century Máire Bhuí Ní Laoghaire, Irish poet Peadar Ua Laoghaire, Irish writer and Catholic priest, regarded today as one of the founders of modern literature in Irish Brendan O'Leary, Irish political scientist Clement O'Leary, Canadian member of Parliament Cornelius O'Leary, Irish historian and political scientist Denis O'Leary, New York politician Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire Teachta Dála for Sinn Féin Grattan O'Leary, Canadian journalist and Senator Hazel R. O'Leary, former United States Secretary of Energy Henry O'Leary, Irish-born businessman and political figure in New Brunswick Humphrey O'Leary, 7th Chief Justice of New Zealand James A. O'Leary, member of the United States House of Representatives from New York Jean O'Leary, American gay and lesbian rights activist and former nun John O'Leary, mayor of Portland and United States ambassador to Chile John O'Leary, former Irish Fianna Fáil party politician and TD for Kerry South John O'Leary, former Irish Labour party politician and TD for Wexford Joseph V. O'Leary, NYS Comptroller 1941–1942 and founding member of the Liberal Party of New York Kevin O'Lea
O'Keeffe O'Keefe, Keefe or Keeffe, is the name of an Irish Gaelic clan based most prominently in what is today County Cork around Fermoy and Duhallow. The name comes from caomh, meaning "kind" or "gentle"; as the primary sept of the Eóganacht Glendamnach, the family were once Kings of Munster from the 6th to the 8th centuries. The original Caomh, from whom the family descend, lived in the early eleventh century, was descended from Cathal mac Finguine, celebrated King of Munster and the most powerful Irish king of the first half of the 8th century. See the main article, Eóganachta, for more discussion, as well as Eóganacht Glendamnach, the specific sept of the family; the O'Keeffes are famous for claiming descent from the goddess Clíodhna and have a beloved story about her marriage to Caomh. Her sister Aibell competed for his affections but Clíodhna triumphed using sorcery. For all of their history the family has been associated with County Cork; the territory of the family lay along the banks of the Blackwater river, near modern Fermoy, were active in the wars of the twelfth century between the O'Conors and the Eoghanacht dynasties of Munster.
However, the arrival of the Normans displaced them, like so many others, they moved west into the barony of Duhallow, where their territory became known, is still known, as Pobal O'Keeffe, where the senior branch of the family had their seat at Dromagh in Dromtarriff Parish. The last chiefs of this branch were Domhnall O'Keeffe of Dromagh, prominent in the Catholic Rebellion of the 1640s, his son Captain Daniel O'Keeffe, killed fighting for King James at the Battle of Aughrim in 1691; the family estates were confiscated in 1703, sold to the Hollow Blades Company. Today, Pobal O'Keeffe is still the area in which the name is most common, with surrounding areas of County Cork including many of the name, it remains rare outside that county. In 1890, more than two-thirds of the births under the name are recorded in County Cork. Like many of the dispossessed Irish nobility, the O'Keeffes were active in the service of the Catholic monarchs of Europe. In 1740 Constantine O'Keeffe was admitted to the French aristocracy on the basis of his Irish pedigree, his long service.
The bearers of the surname "Cuif", found in the Champagne district of northern France, are descendants of O'Keeffe soldiers. The original spelling is with 2 ff's, church officials recorded names as they were wrongly spelled often resulting in the name of a single person being recorded under several spelling variations, such as O'Keefe, Keeffe and others Brian Ó Cuív Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist and art teacher Batt O'Keeffe, Irish politician Ben O'Keeffe and New Zealand Professional Rugby Referee Bob O'Keeffe, Irish hurler Ciarán O'Keeffe, English psychologist specialising in parapsychology and forensic psychology Corey O'Keeffe, footballer The Hon. Mr Justice Daniel O'Keeffe Eminent barrister and former Irish High Court judge Dan O'Keeffe, Irish footballer Darren O'Keeffe, Irish soccer player David O'Keeffe, Irish jurist, professor of European law David O'Keeffe, former Australian rules footballer Declan O'Keeffe, retired Irish footballer Denis O'Keeffe, Irish hurler Dennis O'Keeffe, British professor of social science Eileen O'Keeffe, Irish former international hammer and discus thrower Eoin O'Keeffe, Irish composer based in the UK Frank O'Keeffe, Australian cricketer Georgia O'Keeffe, prominent American artist/painter Ger O'Keeffe, retired Irish footballer Graham O'Keeffe, Irish football player Irene O'Keeffe, Irish camogie player Jessy Keeffe, Australian rules footballer James O'Keeffe, Irish Fine Gael politician Jim O'Keeffe, Irish politician John O'Keeffe Jonathan O'Keeffe, birth name of Irish actor Jonathan Rhys Meyers Kain O'Keeffe, Australian actor Kerry O'Keeffe, Australian cricketer and sports commentator Kevin O'Keeffe, former Australian rules footballer Kristin Bair O'Keeffe American novelist Lachlan Keeffe, Australian rules footballer Laurence O'Keeffe, British diplomat, ambassador to Czechoslovakia during the'Velvet Revolution' Miles O'Keeffe, American actor Natasha O'Keeffe, English actress Ned O'Keeffe, Irish politician Paddy O'Keeffe, Irish hurler Padraig O'Keeffe, Irish traditional musician Pat O'Keeffe, English Boxer Patrick O'Keeffe, Irish politician Patrick O'Keeffe, Irish-American short story writer Rhys O'Keeffe, Australian rules footballer Sean O'Keeffe, Emerging Markets Financier Sean O'Keeffe, Australian rules footballer Susan O'Keeffe, Irish politician and journalist Timothy O'Keeffe, Irish editor and publisher Trevor O'Keeffe, Irish man, murdered while hitchhiking in France Jimmy Keefe, cousin of Tommy Gavin from Rescue Me TV Series Clídna Eóganachta Eóganacht Glendamnach His Majesty O'Keefe, a 1954 adventure film, as well as the 1952 book of the same name, from which the film derives Irish nobility Irish royal families Byrne, Francis J. Irish Kings and High-Kings.
Four Courts Press. 2nd edition, 2001. Charles-Edwards, Thomas M. Early Christian Ireland. Cambridge University
Tuatha Dé Danann
The Tuath Dé Danann known by the earlier name Tuath Dé, are a supernatural race in Irish mythology. They are thought to represent the main deities of pre-Christian Gaelic Ireland; the Tuatha Dé Danann constitute a pantheon whose attributes appeared in a number of forms throughout the Celtic world. The Tuath Dé interact with humans and the human world, they are associated with ancient passage tombs, such as Brú na Bóinne, which were seen as portals to the Otherworld. Their traditional rivals are the Fomorians, who seem to represent the harmful or destructive powers of nature, who the Tuath Dé defeat in the Battle of Mag Tuired; each member of the Tuath Dé has associations with a particular feature of life or nature, but many appear to have more than one association. Many have bynames, some representing different aspects of the deity and others being regional names or epithets. Much of Irish mythology was recorded by Christian monks, they depicted the Tuath Dé as kings and heroes of the distant past who had supernatural powers.
Other times they were explained as fallen angels who were neither evil. However, some medieval writers acknowledged, they appear in tales set centuries apart, showing them to be immortal. Prominent members of the Tuath Dé include The Dagda, they have parallels in the pantheons of other Celtic peoples: for example Lugh is cognate with the pan-Celtic god Lugus, Nuada with the British god Nodens, Brigid with Brigantia. The Tuath Dé became the Aos Sí or "fairies" of folklore; the Old Irish word tuath means "people, nation". In the earliest writings, the mythical race are referred to as the Tuath Dé. However, Irish monks began using the term Tuath Dé to refer to the Israelites, with the meaning "People of God". To avoid confusion with the Israelites, writers began to refer to the mythical race as the Tuath Dé Danann; the Old Irish pronunciation is and the Modern Irish pronunciation is in the West and North, in the South. Danann is believed to be the genitive of a female name, for which the nominative case is not attested.
It has been reconstructed as Danu. Anu is called "mother of the Irish gods" by Cormac mac Cuilennáin; this may be linked to the Welsh mythical figure Dôn. Hindu mythology has a goddess called Danu, who may be an Indo-European parallel. However, this reconstruction is not universally accepted, it has been suggested that Danann is a conflation of dán and the goddess name Anann. The name is found as Donann and Domnann, which may point to the origin being proto-Celtic *don, meaning "earth". There may be a link with the British Dumnonii; the Tuatha Dé Danann were descended from leader of a previous wave of inhabitants of Ireland. They came from four cities to the north of Ireland—Falias, Gorias and Finias—where they taught their skills in the sciences, including architecture, the arts, magic, including necromancy. According to Lebor Gabála Érenn, they came to Ireland "in dark clouds" and "landed on the mountains of Conmaicne Rein in Connachta", otherwise Sliabh an Iarainn, "and they brought a darkness over the sun for three days and three nights".
They burnt the ships "so that they should not think of retreating to them. Therefore it was conceived that they had arrived in clouds of mist". A poem in the Lebor Gabála Érenn says of their arrival: It is God who suffered them, though He restrained themthey landed with horror, with lofty deed, in their cloud of mighty combat of spectres, upon a mountain of Conmaicne of Connacht. Without distinction to descerning Ireland, Without ships, a ruthless course the truth was not known beneath the sky of stars, whether they were of heaven or of earth. Led by their king, they fought the First Battle of Magh Tuireadh on the west coast, in which they defeated and displaced the native Fir Bolg, who inhabited Ireland. In the battle, Nuada lost an arm to Sreng. Since Nuada was no longer "unblemished", he could not continue as king and was replaced by the half-Fomorian Bres, who turned out to be a tyrant; the physician Dian Cecht replaced Nuada's arm with a working silver one and he was reinstated as king. However, Dian Cecht's son Miach was dissatisfied with the replacement so he recited the spell, "ault fri halt dí & féith fri féth", which caused flesh to grow over the silver prosthesis over the course of nine days and nights.
However, in a fit of jealous rage Dian Cecht slew his own son. Because of Nuada's restoration as leader, Bres complained to his family and his father, who sent him to seek assistance from Balor, king of the Fomorians; the Tuatha Dé Danann fought the Second Battle of Magh Tuireadh against the Fomorians. Nuada was killed by the Fomorian king Balor's poisonous eye, but Balor was
The Corcu Loígde, meaning Gens of the Calf Goddess called the Síl Lugdach meic Itha, were a kingdom centred in West County Cork who descended from the proto-historical rulers of Munster, the Dáirine, of whom they were the central royal sept. They took their name from Lugaid Loígde "Lugaid of the Calf Goddess", a King of Tara and High King of Ireland, son of the great Dáire Doimthech. A descendant of Lugaid Loígde, their most famous ancestor, is the legendary Lugaid Mac Con, listed in the Old Irish Baile Chuinn Chétchathaig. Closest kin to the Corcu Loígde were the Dál Fiatach princes of the Ulaid; the Corcu Loígde were the rulers of Munster, of territories beyond the province, until the early 7th century AD, when their ancient alliance with the Kingdom of Osraige fell apart as the Eóganachta rose to power. Many peoples subject to the Corcu Loígde transferred their allegiance to the Eóganachta, most notably the influential Múscraige, an Érainn people related only distantly to the Corcu Loígde.
The Múscraige became the chief facilitators for the Eóganachta in their rise to power. Uí Néill interference has been suggested as a major factor, motivated by a desire to see no more Kings of Tara from the Corcu Loígde. However, from Aimend, daughter of Óengus Bolg, the Corcu Loígde are related to the inner circle of the Eóganachta through a legendary marriage, as she became the wife of Conall Corc, they enjoyed a privileged status in the history of the new dynasty. As former rulers of the province the Corcu Loígde were not a tributary kingdom, a status enjoyed by the Osraige. In the 12th century they had their kingdom erected into the Diocese of Ross, their O'Driscoll lords played a significant maritime role in the region. Coffey, O'Leary and Flynn were other families of importance, as well as the literary family of Dinneen. O'Hea, Cronin and other families may belong to the Corcu Loígde. A substantial part of the profitable maritime lands once dominated by the Corcu Loídge were incorporated into the medieval Barony of Carbery, in which the O'Driscolls would retain some status as one of the three princely families underneath the MacCarthy Reaghs.
Some of the western portion of their territory became the Barony of Bantry. See School of Ross. See Annals of Inisfallen AI815.2 Forbasach, king of Corcu Laígde, dies. Several of the following were misplaced chronologically by medieval synchronists. Bolg Dáire Doimthech a quo Dáirine Lugaid Loígde a quo Corcu Loígde... Mac Con Mac Nia Lugaid Óengus Bolg = Coel, a quo Úi Builc Nath Í Etarscél a quo O'Driscoll Maine a quo Úa Maine Liadán = Lugna Ciarán of Saigir Aimend = Conall Corc Duach Gérán Conall Clóen Threna Óengus a quo Úi Óengusa Mac Eircc Eochaid Badomna Fothad Cairpthech and Fothad Airgthech Rechtaid Rígderg Eochaid ÉtgudachAnother Irish monarch belonging to the Corcu Loígde was Eochaid Apthach, but if in any way historical he has not only been misplaced chronologically but cannot be placed in the above pedigree due to the extensive corruption of the supposed generations preceding "Bolg", it was early noted by John O'Donovan and has been noted by all his successors that the Corcu Loígde genealogies are among the most confused in the entire Irish corpus, so the above scheme should be understood with that in mind.
One important generation not reproduced here is that of Deda, the most recent common ancestor of the Dál Fiatach and Dál Riata of Ulster and Scotland in several official pedigrees. However, variants of his name can be found in the early generations of several Corcu Loígde pedigrees: Deaghmanrach and Deagha Dearg. A peculiar fact about the Corcu Loígde is their total lack of political activity following the mid Early Middle Ages. Having held sway over a vast territory, they appear to have completely disintegrated over the course of the 7th century, never making any serious attempts to recover what was at that time the largest kingdom in Ireland, thus over the next centuries their former grandeur became more and more the stuff of legend, around which the younger kingdoms built their own origin legends. The most well known tale in this cycle is the Cath Maige Mucrama. Former satellite kingdoms of the Corcu Loígde, who may once have been related to them, were the early medieval sister kingdoms of Uí Fidgenti and Uí Liatháin.
Evidence for this is that not only do they appear to have been artificially attached to the stem of the Eóganachta, whose own pedigree is unreliable before Conall Corc, but that important early septs like the Uí Duach Argetrois of Osraige cannot be definitively attached to the lines of either the Uí Liatháin-Fidgenti or the Corcu Loígde. In addition there were an early line of O'Learys attached to the Uí Fidgenti. By the late 16th century the two most prosperous families remaining were the Ó hEidirsceoil princes, with several castles in and around Baltimore, including Dunasead Castle, the O'Learys, who had built several castles south of Macroom; the history of the Ó hEidirsceoil clan and the seaside village of Baltimore are inextricably linked. The first historical mention of the Ó hEidirsceoil clan occurs in the Annals of Inisfallen where the death in 1103 of Conchobar Ua hEtersceóil king of Corcu Loígde was recorded; the surname O'Driscoll is an anglicised form of the Gaelic Ó hEidirsceóil which has the meaning of "diplomat" or "interpreter.".
The originator of the name is thought to h