Death of Michael Jackson
On June 25, 2009, the singer Michael Jackson died of acute propofol and benzodiazepine intoxication at his home on North Carolwood Drive in the Holmby Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles. His personal physician, Conrad Murray, said he found Jackson in his room, not breathing and with a weak pulse, administered CPR on Jackson to no avail. After security called 9-1-1 at 12:21 p.m. local time, Jackson was treated by paramedics at the scene and pronounced dead at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center. On August 28, 2009, the Los Angeles County Coroner concluded. Shortly before his death, Jackson had been administered propofol and two anti-anxiety benzodiazepines and midazolam, in his home. Murray, never paid, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in 2011 and served two years of his four-year prison sentence, early release per good behavior. Jackson's death triggered reactions around the world, creating unprecedented surges of internet traffic and boosting sales of his music. Jackson had been preparing for a series of comeback concerts to be attended by over one million people at London's O2 Arena from July 2009 to March 2010.
A public memorial service for Jackson was held on July 7, 2009, at the Staples Center in Downtown Los Angeles, where he had rehearsed for the London concerts the night before his death. The service was broadcast live around the world, attracting an audience of more than one billion people. According to Ed Alonzo, a magician, there, Jackson arrived for rehearsal at Staples Center around 6:30 p.m. on Wednesday, June 24. Jackson jokingly complained of laryngitis and did not rehearse until 9 p.m. "He looked great and had great energy," said Alonzo. The rehearsal went past midnight; the next morning, Jackson did not come out of his bedroom. According to the attorney of Conrad Murray, Jackson's personal physician, Murray entered the room that afternoon and found Jackson in bed and not breathing. Jackson was still warm. Murray tried to revive Jackson for five to 10 minutes, at which point he realized he needed to call for help. Murray stated. Murray stated that he could not use his cell phone to call 911 because he did not know the exact address.
He stated that he phoned security, but got no answer. Murray ran downstairs, yelled for help, told a chef to bring security up to the room. By the time security called 911, Murray's lawyer stated. A Los Angeles Fire Department spokesperson said the 911 call came in at 12:21:04 p.m. PDT. Paramedics found that he still was not breathing. Statements described Murray as having used a non-standard CPR technique on Jackson. During the tape of the emergency call, released on June 26 one day after Jackson's death, Murray was described as administering CPR on a bed, not on a hard surface such as a floor, which would be standard practice. Murray said that he placed one hand underneath Jackson and used the other for chest compression, whereas standard practice is to use both hands for compression. Paramedics performed CPR for 42 minutes at the house. Murray's attorney stated that Jackson had a pulse when he was taken out of the house and put in the ambulance. An LAFD official gave a different account, stating that paramedics found Jackson in "full cardiac arrest", that they did not observe a change in his status en route to the hospital.
LAFD transported Jackson to Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center. After the ambulance arrived at the hospital at 1:14 p.m. a team of medical personnel attempted to resuscitate Jackson for more than an hour. They were unsuccessful, Jackson was pronounced dead at 2:26 p.m. at the age of 50. Jackson's body was flown by helicopter to the Los Angeles County Coroner's offices in Lincoln Heights, where a three-hour autopsy was performed the next day on behalf of the Los Angeles County Coroner by the chief medical examiner Lakshmanan Sathyavagiswaran. Jackson's family arranged for a second autopsy, a practice that could yield expedited, albeit limited, results. After the preliminary autopsy was completed, Craig Harvey, chief investigator for the coroner's office, said there was no evidence of trauma or foul play. On August 28, the Los Angeles County Coroner made an official statement classifying that Jackson's death was a homicide; the Coroner stated that Jackson died from the combination of drugs in his body, with the most significant drugs being the anesthetic propofol and the anxiolytic lorazepam.
Less significant drugs found in Jackson's body were midazolam, diazepam and ephedrine. The Coroner kept the complete toxicology report private, as requested by the police and district attorney; the autopsy report revealed that Jackson was otherwise healthy for his age and that his heart was strong. The document stated that Jackson's most significant health problem was that his lungs were chronically inflamed, but added that lung inflammation did not contribute to his death, his other major organs were normal and he had no atherosclerosis except for some slight plaque accumulation in the arteries in his leg. The autopsy stated that he was 5' 9" tall. Fox News said that this confirmed rumors that Jackson was emaciated, while the Associated Press stated that his weight was in the acceptable range. Although they did not announce that they suspected foul play, the Los Angeles Police Department began to investigate the unusual and high-profile case by the day after Jackson's death. By August 28, the LAPD had announced that the case would be referred to prosecutors who might file criminal charges.
Because the LAPD did not secure Jackson's home and allowed the
Los Angeles County, California
Los Angeles County the County of Los Angeles, in the Los Angeles metropolitan area of the U. S. state of California, is the most populous county in the United States, with more than 10 million inhabitants as of 2017. As such, it is the largest non–state level government entity in the United States, its population is larger than that of 41 individual U. S. states. It is the third-largest metropolitan economy in the world, with a Nominal GDP of over $700 billion—larger than the GDPs of Belgium and Taiwan, it has 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas and, at 4,083 square miles, it is larger than the combined areas of Delaware and Rhode Island. The county is home to more than one-quarter of California residents and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the U. S, its county seat, Los Angeles, is California's most populous city and the nation's second largest city with about 4 million people. Los Angeles County is one of the original counties of California, created at the time of statehood in 1850.
The county included parts of what are now Kern, San Bernardino, Inyo, Tulare and Orange counties. In 1851 and 1852, Los Angeles County stretched from the coast to the border of Nevada; as the population increased, sections were split off to organize San Bernardino County in 1853, Kern County in 1866, Orange County in 1889. Prior to the 1870s, Los Angeles County was divided into townships, many of which were amalgamations of one or more old ranchos, they were: Azusa El Monte Azusa and El Monte Townships were merged for the 1870 census. City of Los Angeles Los Angeles Township Los Nietos San Jose San Gabriel Santa Ana. For the 1870 census, Annaheim district was enumerated separately. San Juan. San Pedro. Tejon When Kern County was formed, the portion of the township remaining in Los Angeles County became Soledad Township According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,751 square miles, of which 4,058 square miles is land and 693 square miles is water. Los Angeles County borders 70 miles of coast on the Pacific Ocean and encompasses mountain ranges, forests, lakes and desert.
The Los Angeles River, Rio Hondo, the San Gabriel River and the Santa Clara River flow in Los Angeles County, while the primary mountain ranges are the Santa Monica Mountains and the San Gabriel Mountains. The western extent of the Mojave Desert begins in the Antelope Valley, in the northeastern part of the county. Most of the population of Los Angeles County is located in the south and southwest, with major population centers in the Los Angeles Basin, San Fernando Valley and San Gabriel Valley. Other population centers are found in the Santa Clarita Valley, Pomona Valley, Crescenta Valley and Antelope Valley; the county is divided west-to-east by the San Gabriel Mountains, which are part of the Transverse Ranges of southern California, are contained within the Angeles National Forest. Most of the county's highest peaks are in the San Gabriel Mountains, including Mount San Antonio 10,068 feet ) at the Los Angeles-San Bernardino county lines, Mount Baden-Powell 9,399 feet, Mount Burnham 8,997 feet and Mount Wilson 5,710 feet.
Several lower mountains are in the northern and southwestern parts of the county, including the San Emigdio Mountains, the southernmost part of Tehachapi Mountains and the Sierra Pelona Mountains. Los Angeles County includes San Clemente Island and Santa Catalina Island, which are part of the Channel Islands archipelago off the Pacific Coast. East: Eastside, San Gabriel Valley, portions of the Pomona Valley West: Westside, Beach Cities South: South Bay, South Los Angeles, Palos Verdes Peninsula, Gateway Cities, Los Angeles Harbor Region North: San Fernando Valley, Crescenta Valley, portions of the Conejo Valley, portions of the Antelope Valley and Santa Clarita Valley Central: Downtown Los Angeles, Mid-Wilshire, Northeast Los Angeles Angeles National Forest Los Padres National Forest Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area Los Angeles County had a population of 9,818,605 in the 2010 United States Census; the racial makeup of Los Angeles County was 4,936,599 White, 1,346,865 Asian, 856,874 African American, 72,828 Native A
A courthouse is a building, home to a local court of law and the regional county government as well, although this is not the case in some larger cities. The term is common in North America. In most other English-speaking countries, buildings which house courts of law are called "courts" or "court buildings". In most of Continental Europe and former non-English-speaking European colonies, the equivalent term is a palace of justice. In most counties in the United States, the local trial courts conduct their business in a centrally located courthouse which may house county governmental offices; the courthouse is located in the county seat, although large metropolitan counties may have satellite or annex offices for their courts. In some cases this building may be renamed in some way or its function divided as between a judicial building and administrative office building. Many judges officiate at civil marriage ceremonies in their courthouse chambers. In some places, the courthouse contains the main administrative office for the county government, or when a new courthouse is constructed, the former one will be used for other local government offices.
Either way, a typical courthouse will have one or more courtrooms and a court clerk's office with a filing window where litigants may submit documents for filing with the court. Each United States district court has a federally owned building that houses courtrooms and clerk's offices. Many federal judicial districts are further split into divisions, which may have their own courthouses, although sometimes the smaller divisional court facilities are located in buildings that house other agencies or offices of the United States government; the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California has a courthouse in Yosemite to hear misdemeanors and petty crimes for Yosemite National Park. The courthouse is part of the iconography of American life and is equivalent to the city hall as the symbol of the municipium in European free cities. Courthouses are shown in American cinema, they range from small-town rural buildings with a few rooms to huge metropolitan courthouses that occupy large plots of land.
The style of American architecture used varies, with common styles including federal, Greek Revival and modern. Due to concerns over potential violence, many courthouses in American cities have security checkpoints where all incoming persons are searched for weapons through the use of an X-ray machine for all bags and a walk-through metal detector, much like those found at airports. For example, the Los Angeles Superior Court added such checkpoints to all entrances to its main courthouse in Downtown Los Angeles after a woman was shot and killed by her ex-husband in open court in September 1995; the Supreme Court of California ruled in 2002 that Los Angeles County was not liable to her three children under the California Government Tort Claims Act. After the Oklahoma City bombing, the federal government proceeded to fortify all large federal buildings, including many urban courthouses; some courthouses in areas with high levels of violent crime have redundant layers of security. For example, when the Supreme Court of California hears oral argument in San Francisco or Los Angeles, visitors must pass through one security checkpoint to enter the building, another to enter the courtroom.
In Canada each municipality constructs several in the case of large cities. In smaller communities the court is in the same building as the city hall and other municipal offices. In the past many courthouses included the local prison. One well-known court house in Canada is the Romanesque Revival Old City Hall in Ontario. Designed by E. J. Lennox, Old City Hall was completed in 1899 and has been functioning as a municipal building since, it was constructed to facilitate Toronto’s City Council and municipal offices and the city's courts however following the construction of the fourth city hall the building's purpose was limited to being a courthouse for the Ontario Court of Justice. This building can be described as Romanesque Revival due to multiple characteristics it shares with Romanesque architecture; these characteristics include the materiality in terms of large stone construction, the repetitive rhythmic use of windows containing various sized arches and barrel vaults directing attention towards them, decorated spandrels and the inclusion of gabled walls.
Old City Hall has been designated a National Historical Site since 1989. Court Courts of England and Wales List of courthouses
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at law, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, civil law notary, counselor, counselor at law, chartered legal executive, or public servant preparing and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary. Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who hire lawyers to perform legal services; the role of the lawyer varies across legal jurisdictions, so it can be treated here in only the most general terms. In practice, legal jurisdictions exercise their right to determine, recognized as being a lawyer; as a result, the meaning of the term "lawyer" may vary from place to place. Some jurisdictions have two types of lawyers and solicitors, whilst others fuse the two. A barrister is a lawyer. A solicitor is a lawyer, trained to prepare cases and give advice on legal subjects and can represent people in lower courts.
Both barristers and solicitors have gone through law school, completed the requisite practical training. However, in jurisdictions where there is a split-profession, only barristers are admitted as members of their respective bar association. In Australia, the word "lawyer" can be used to refer to both barristers and solicitors, whoever is admitted as a lawyer of the Supreme Court of a state or territory. In Canada, the word "lawyer" only refers to individuals who have been called to the bar or, in Quebec, have qualified as civil law notaries. Common law lawyers in Canada are formally and properly called "barristers and solicitors", but should not be referred to as "attorneys", since that term has a different meaning in Canadian usage, being a person appointed under a power of attorney. However, in Quebec, civil law advocates call themselves "attorney" and sometimes "barrister and solicitor" in English, all lawyers in Quebec, or lawyers in the rest of Canada when practising in French, are addressed with the honorific title, "Me." or "Maître".
In England and Wales, "lawyer" is used to refer to persons who provide reserved and unreserved legal activities and includes practitioners such as barristers, solicitors, registered foreign lawyers, patent attorneys, trade mark attorneys, licensed conveyancers, public notaries, commissioners for oaths, immigration advisers and claims management services. The Legal Services Act 2007 defines the "legal activities" that may only be performed by a person, entitled to do so pursuant to the Act.'Lawyer' is not a protected title. In Pakistan, the term "Advocate" is used instead of lawyer in The Legal Practitioners and Bar Councils Act, 1973. In India, the term "lawyer" is colloquially used, but the official term is "advocate" as prescribed under the Advocates Act, 1961. In Scotland, the word "lawyer" refers to a more specific group of trained people, it includes advocates and solicitors. In a generic sense, it may include judges and law-trained support staff. In the United States, the term refers to attorneys who may practice law.
It is never used to refer to patent paralegals. In fact, there are statutory and regulatory restrictions on non-lawyers like paralegals practicing law. Other nations tend to have comparable terms for the analogous concept. In most countries civil law countries, there has been a tradition of giving many legal tasks to a variety of civil law notaries and scriveners; these countries do not have "lawyers" in the American sense, insofar as that term refers to a single type of general-purpose legal services provider. It is difficult to formulate accurate generalizations that cover all the countries with multiple legal professions, because each country has traditionally had its own peculiar method of dividing up legal work among all its different types of legal professionals. Notably, the mother of the common law jurisdictions, emerged from the Dark Ages with similar complexity in its legal professions, but evolved by the 19th century to a single dichotomy between barristers and solicitors. An equivalent dichotomy developed between procurators in some civil law countries.
Several countries that had two or more legal professions have since fused or united their professions into a single type of lawyer. Most countries in this category are common law countries, though France, a civil law country, merged its jurists in 1990 and 1991 in response to Anglo-American competition. In countries with fused professions, a lawyer is permitted to carry out all or nearly all the responsibilities listed below. Arguing a client's case before a judge or jury in a court of law is the traditional province of the barrister in England, of advocates in some civil law jurisdictions. However, the boundary between barristers and solicitors has evolved. In England today, the barrister monopoly covers only appellate courts, barristers must compete directly with solicitors in many trial courts. In countries like the United States, that have fused legal professions, there are trial lawyers who specialize in trying cases in court, but trial lawyers do not have a de jure monopoly like barristers.
In some countries, litigants have the option of arguing pro
Phillip Harvey Spector is an American record producer and songwriter who developed the Wall of Sound, a music production formula he described as a Wagnerian approach to rock and roll. Spector was dubbed the "First Tycoon of Teen" by writer Tom Wolfe and is acknowledged as one of the most influential figures in pop music history. After the 1970s, Spector retired from public life. In 2009, he has remained incarcerated since. Born in the Bronx, Spector began his career in 1958 as the co-founder of the Teddy Bears, performing on guitar and vocals, penning their US number-one single "To Know Him Is to Love Him". In 1960, he co-founded Philles Records, at the age of 21, became the youngest US label owner to that point. Over the next several years, he wrote, co-wrote, or produced records for acts such as the Ronettes and the Crystals, John Lennon and George Harrison of the Beatles, he employed what would become known as "the Wrecking Crew" as his de facto house band while collaborating with arranger Jack Nitzsche, engineer Larry Levine, various Brill Building songwriters.
Spector's other chart-topping singles include "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'", "The Long and Winding Road", "My Sweet Lord". Spector is considered the first auteur among musical artists for the unprecedented freedom and control he had over every phase of the recording process. Additionally, he helped engender the idea of the studio as an instrument, the integration of pop art aesthetics into music, the art rock genre, his honors include the 1973 Grammy Award for Album of the Year for co-producing Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh, a 1989 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, a 1997 induction into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Spector number 63 on their list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time", for their 2003 list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time", included his productions of Presenting the Fabulous Ronettes, A Christmas Gift for You, Back to Mono. According to BMI, "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" is the song that received the most US airplay in the 20th century.
By the mid 1970s, Spector had produced eighteen US Top 10 singles for various artists, but following work with Leonard Cohen, Dion DiMucci, the Ramones, he remained inactive and affected by personal struggles. In 2003, the actress Lana Clarkson was found dead from a bullet wound in Spector's home, he maintained to the media that she had accidentally shot herself. From 2007 to 2009, he was the subject of two trials, he is serving a prison sentence of 19 years to life and will be 88 years old before becoming eligible for parole. Harvey Phillip Spector was born on December 26, 1939 to Benjamin and Bertha Spector, a first-generation immigrant Jewish family in the Bronx, New York City, his father was an ironworker from Ukraine with the surname Spekter, which he anglicized to Spector. Spector's father committed suicide on April 20, 1949. In 1953, his mother moved the family to Los Angeles. Having learned to play guitar, Spector performed "Rock Island Line" in a talent show at Fairfax High School, where he was a student.
While at Fairfax, he joined a loose-knit community of aspiring musicians, including Lou Adler, Bruce Johnston, Steve Douglas, Sandy Nelson, the last of whom played drums on Spector's first record release, "To Know Him Is to Love Him". With three friends from high school, Marshall Leib, Sandy Nelson, Annette Kleinbard, Spector formed a group, the Teddy Bears. During this period, record producer Stan Ross—co-owner of Gold Star Studios in Hollywood—began to tutor Spector in record production and exerted a major influence on Spector's production style. In 1958, the Teddy Bears recorded the Spector-penned "Don't You Worry My Little Pet", which helped them secure a deal with Era Records. At their next session, they recorded another song Spector had written—this one inspired by the epitaph on Spector's father's tombstone. Released on Era's subsidiary label, Dore Records, "To Know Him Is to Love Him" reached number one on Billboard Hot 100 singles chart on December 1, 1958, selling over a million copies by year's end.
It was the seventh number-one single on the newly formed chart. Following the success of their debut, the group signed with Imperial Records, their next single, "I Don't Need You Anymore", reached number 91. They released several more recordings, including an album, The Teddy Bears Sing!, but failed to reach the top 100 in US sales. The group disbanded in 1959. After the split, Spector's career moved from performing and songwriting to production. While recording the Teddy Bears's album, he had met Lester Sill, a former promotion man, a mentor to Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, his next project, the Spectors Three, was undertaken under the aegis of Sill and his partner, Lee Hazlewood. In 1960, Sill arranged for Spector to work as an apprentice to Stoller in New York. Ronnie Crawford would become project as producer. Spector learned how to use a studio, he co-wrote the Ben E. King Top 10 hit "Spanish Harlem" with Jerry Leiber and worked as a session musician, most notably playing the guitar solo on the Drifters' song "On Broadway".
His own productions during this time, while less conspicuous, included releases by LaVern Baker, Ruth Brown, Billy Storm, as well as the Top Notes' original version of "Twist and Shout". Leiber and Stoller recommended Spector to produce Ray Peterson's "Corrina, Corrina
California Historical Society
The California Historical Society, located at 678 Mission Street at the corner of Annie Street in the South of Market neighborhood of San Francisco, California is the state's official historical society since 1979. There were four attempts to create a California Historical Society: in 1871, from 1886 to 1891, from 1902 to 1906, in 1922, when it was permanently founded by C. Templeton Crocker, the grandson of Charles Crocker. In 1979 the organization was named the official state historical society, in a bill signed by Governor Jerry Brown. In 1993 it purchased and moved into its current headquarters, the former San Francisco Builders Exchange Building; the Society is a funded nonprofit organization that produces original exhibitions. The Society publishes California History, an academic journal, in association with the University of California Press; the Society hosts C-SPAN lectures on California history. Recent exhibitions at the California Historical Society's San Francisco headquarters include: A Wild Flight of the Imagination: The Story of the Golden Gate Bridge on the occasion of the 75th Anniversary of the Golden Gate Bridge I See Beauty in this Life: A Photographer Looks at 100 Years of Rural California Curating the Bay: Crowdsourcing a New Environmental History Unbuilt San Francisco: The View from Futures Past Juana Briones y su California ~ Pionera, Curandera Yosemite: A Storied Landscape, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of Yosemite National Park City Rising: San Francisco and the 1915 World's Fair, on the occasion of the 100th Anniversary of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition The California Historical Society Collection represents the environmental, social and cultural heritage of the state of California, including materials from outside California that contribute to a greater understanding of the state and its people.
The collection includes 50,000 volumes of pamphlets. The Historical Society houses an outstanding collection of over 5,000 works of art, including paintings and lithographs. Artists represented in the Fine Art Collection include Albert Bierstadt, Maynard Dixon, George Albert Frost, William Hahn, Thomas Hill, Grace Carpenter Hudson, William Keith, Arthur Frank Mathews, Theodore Wores; the Historical Society holds the papers of noteworthy organizations and businesses, including those of the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California, League of Women Voters, California Tomorrow, Stern Grove Festival Association, Peoples Temple, the Heller Ehrman law firm. The Society holds the papers of influential persons, including the Burr-Allyne Family, San Francisco Mayor James Rolph, Jr, Asbury Harpending, Isaias W. Hellman; this collection consists of a wide range of ephemera pertaining to the state of California and each of its constituent counties. Dating from 1841 the collection includes ephemera related to churches.
In 1964, former Society president, printing historian, collector George L. Harding founded the Kemble Collection on Western Printing and Publishing, named in honor of pioneer California printer and publisher Edward Cleveland Kemble. Dedicated to the history of printing and publishing in the West, this collection began with three major gifts—Harding's printing and publishing library, William E. Loy's typographical library, the business archives of San Francisco printing firm Taylor & Taylor—and has since grown in size and scope; the Historical Society holds documentary and fine art photographs by photographers such as Marliese Gabrielson, Arnold Genthe, Louis Herman Heller, Eadweard Muybridge, Anton Wagner, Carleton Watkins, Minor White and Willard Worden. Pony Express bible California Historical Society - official site
O. J. Simpson murder case
The O. J. Simpson murder case was a criminal trial held at the Los Angeles County Superior Court. Former National Football League player and actor O. J. Simpson was tried on two counts of murder for the June 12, 1994, slashing deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, her friend Ron Goldman. On the morning of June 13, 1994, the couple was found stabbed to death outside Brown's condominium in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles. Simpson was a person of interest in their murders, he did not turn himself in, on June 17 he became the object of a low-speed pursuit in a white 1993 Ford Bronco SUV owned and driven by his friend Al Cowlings. TV stations interrupted coverage of the 1994 NBA Finals to broadcast the incident; the pursuit was watched live by an estimated 95 million people. The pursuit and trial were among the most publicized events in American history; the trial—often characterized as the trial of the century because of its international publicity—spanned eleven months, from the jury's swearing-in on November 9, 1994.
Opening statements were made on January 24, 1995, the verdict was announced on October 3, 1995, when Simpson was acquitted on two counts of murder. Following his acquittal, no additional arrests related to the murders have been made, the crime remains unsolved to this day. According to USA Today, the case has been described as the "most publicized" criminal trial in history. Simpson was represented by a high-profile defense team referred to as the "Dream Team", led by Robert Shapiro and subsequently directed by Johnnie Cochran; the team included F. Lee Bailey, Alan Dershowitz, Robert Kardashian, Shawn Holley, Carl E. Douglas, Gerald Uelmen. Barry Scheck and Peter Neufeld were two additional attorneys. Deputy District Attorneys Marcia Clark and Christopher Darden thought that they had a strong case against Simpson, but Cochran was able to convince the jurors that there was reasonable doubt concerning the validity of the State's DNA evidence, a new form of evidence in trials at that time; the reasonable doubt theory included evidence that the blood sample had been mishandled by lab scientists and technicians, there were questionable circumstances that surrounded other court exhibits.
Cochran and the defense team alleged other misconduct by the LAPD related to systemic racism and the actions of Detective Mark Fuhrman. Simpson's celebrity status, racial issues, the lengthy televised trial riveted national attention. By the end of the trial, national surveys indicated dramatic differences of opinion between black and white Americans in the assessment of Simpson's guilt or innocence; the immediate reaction to the verdict was notable for its division along racial lines. A poll of Los Angeles County residents showed that most African Americans felt that justice had been served by the "not guilty" verdict, while the majority of whites and Latinos expressed an opposite opinion on the matter. After the trial, the families of Brown and Goldman filed a civil lawsuit against Simpson. On February 4, 1997, the jury unanimously found Simpson responsible for both deaths; the families were awarded compensatory and punitive damages totaling $33.5 million, but have received only a small portion of that monetary figure.
In 2000, Simpson left California for Florida, one of the few states where one's assets like homes and pensions cannot be seized to cover liabilities that were incurred in other states. Nicole Brown met O. J. Simpson in 1977, when she was 18 and working as a waitress at a Beverly Hills private club called The Daisy. Although Simpson was still married to his first wife, the two began dating. Simpson and Marguerite divorced in March 1979. Simpson and Brown were married on February 2, 1985, five years after Simpson's retirement from the NFL; the marriage lasted seven years and produced two children and Justin. Simpson was investigated multiple times by police for domestic violence and pleaded no contest to spousal abuse in 1989. Brown filed for divorce on February 1992, citing "irreconcilable differences" as the reason. Following the divorce and Brown got back together and the abuse continued. Audio released during the murder trial of O. J. Simpson revealed that Brown called 9-1-1 on October 25, 1993, crying and saying that "He is going to beat the shit out of me".
After this incident, the relationship would end for a final time. At 12:10 a.m. on June 13, 1994, Nicole Brown and Ron Goldman were found murdered outside of Nicole's Bundy Drive condominium in the Brentwood area of Los Angeles, California. She had been stabbed multiple times in the head and neck, had defensive wounds on her hands, her larynx could be seen through the gaping wound in her neck, vertebra C3 was incised. Both victims had been dead for about two hours prior to the arrival of police. Robert Riske, one of the first two officers on the scene, found a single bloody glove, among other evidence. Detectives went to Simpson's Brentwood estate to inform him. Mark Fuhrman climbed over an external wall and unlocked the gate to allow the other three detectives to enter as well; the detectives argued that they entered without a search warrant because of exigent circumstances – in this case, out of fear that Simpson might have been injured. Simpson was not present. Detectives interviewed Kato Kaelin, staying in Simpson's guest house.
In a walk-aro