Texas State Highway 70
State Highway 70 is a state highway in Texas. The route runs 315 miles from US 277 near Blackwell to US 83 south of Perryton. SH 70 begins in far northeastern Coke County at a junction with US 277 north of Bronte; the highway soon crosses into Nolan County, where it serves as the northern terminus of SH 153. The first large city along SH 70's route is Sweetwater. SH 70 intersects SH 92 in Rotan. Continuing north into Kent County, the route begins a concurrency with US 380 that lasts until Jayton. In Dickens County, SH 70 serves as the northern terminus of SH 208 and passes through the east and north side of Spur before reaching Dickens and an intersection with US 82 / SH 114. After heading due north from here, the route enters Motley County and passes through the town of Roaring Springs; the next major city along the route is Matador, where US 70 intersect one another. After leaving Matador, SH 70 enters Hall County, where it has a brief concurrency with SH 86 through Turkey; the highway briefly turns to the northwest and enters Briscoe County, beginning a brief concurrency with SH 256, before turning to the west and reentering Hall County.
SH 70 resumes a more northerly path into Donley County, has a short concurrency with US 287 through Clarendon. After the two routes separate, SH 70 heads due north to a junction with Interstate 40 at its Exit #124, near the Donley–Gray County line. Northbound SH 70 is concurrent with the freeway for about 3.5 mi before the routes split at IH 40 Exit #121. SH 70 continues north into Pampa, where it intersects US 60 and has a half-mile duplex with SH 152. After leaving Pampa, the route turns more to the north-northeast, enters the sparsely-populated Roberts County, where its only intersections are with a few farm to market roads that connect to the county seat of Miami. SH 70 enters Ochiltree County and reaches its northern terminus at US 83 south of Perryton. While the current official route description of SH 70 indicates a concurrency with US 83 to a junction with SH 15 in Perryton, that roadway is presently signed only as US 83, which agrees with TxDOT's County Map Book, signage in Perryton at the SH 15 junction with US 83 directs traffic to SH 70 using "TO SH 70" markers.
SH 70 was designated on August 21, 1923 from Aspermont to San Angelo along a portion of the original SH 4, shifted farther east. On October 13, 1925, it was routed through Robert Lee. On September 18, 1929, SH 70 was rerouted to bypass Robert Lee. Part became SH 70A, but Robert Lee to San Angelo was cancelled, but restored as SH 208 on July 16, 1934. On December 1, 1930, the route had been rerouted north to Jayton, replacing SH 161 and a small portion of SH 84.. On September 26, 1939, SH 70 was extended north from Jayton to Dickens, absorbing a portion of SH 18. Significant extension came on October 10, 1947, when SH 70 was extended to Perryton in the northern Panhandle. On February 12, 1948, US 277 was rerouted to a more westerly alignment between Abilene and San Angelo and the section from just south of Blackwell to near San Angelo was transferred to that route. On September 27, 1957, SH 70 was shifted to a more westerly alignment in Dickens, Loop 120 was extended along the old route of SH 70 through the city.
A spur, SH 70A, was designated on September 1929 from Robert Lee east to Bronte. This route was renumbered as SH 158 on March 19, 1930. On September 27, 1985, Texas State Highway Loop 549 was designated as a bypass of SH 70 in Sweetwater and was signed, but not designated, as SH 70, the old route was signed as a business route. On June 21, 1990, SH 70 was designated on Loop 549, the old route of SH 70 became a business route, cancelling Loop 549. SH 70 has one business route, Business SH 70-G in Sweetwater, a former alignment of the state highway through that city; the route was designated in 1990, when SH 70 was rerouted along the south and east side of the city to use the I-20 freeway. The business route is concurrent with BL I-20 through downtown Sweetwater. Junction listThe entire route is in Sweetwater, Nolan County
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Wheeler County, Texas
Wheeler County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,410, its county seat is Wheeler. The county was formed in 1876 and organized in 1879, it is named for a chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Wheeler County was one of thirty prohibition or dry counties in the state of Texas. However, in 2010, the community of Shamrock, located in Wheeler County at the intersection of Interstate 40 and U. S. Highway 83, voted to allow liquor sales. Within the city limits of Shamrock is the only place to purchase liquor in Wheeler County. In 1876, the Texas State Legislature established Wheeler County. In 1879, Mobeetie was named the county seat. Mobeetie was known as "Sweetwater," but this name should not be confused with the Sweetwater, the seat of Nolan County west of Abilene. A stone courthouse was erected from locally quarried materials in 1880 but was replaced by a wooden structure in 1888; the town of Wheeler was designated as the county seat in 1908.
The wooden courthouse was moved to the current site but was replaced by the existing structure as a result of a 1925 bond election. The previous building was sold to a sheriff, Riley Price, who dismantled it and used it to build barns on his nearby ranch; the structure was designed by E. H. Eads of Shamrock and built by local contractors Hughes and Campbell, it features Palladian windows and Corinthian columns, characteristic of the Greek revival style of architecture. In the 1880s, Temple Lea Houston, the youngest son of Sam Houston, was the district attorney of the 35th Judicial District of Texas, when encompassed twenty-six counties in the Texas Panhandle; the district was based at the time in the courthouse at Mobeetie in Wheeler County. Houston was a member of the Texas State Senate from 1885 to 1889 and moved to Oklahoma, where he worked for statehood. An NBC television series, Temple Houston, which aired from 1963 to 1964, is loosely based on his life, with Jeffrey Hunter in the starring role.
The Pioneer West Museum, the Wheeler County historical museum, is located in Shamrock off U. S. Highway 83. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 915 square miles, of which 915 square miles is land and 1.0 square mile is water. Interstate 40 U. S. Highway 83 State Highway 152U. S. Highway 66 is no longer commissioned or signed, but has special brown historic signage at various points along its former routing. Hemphill County Roger Mills County, Oklahoma Beckham County, Oklahoma Collingsworth County Gray County Donley County Roberts County As of the census of 2000, there were 5,284 people, 2,152 households, 1,487 families residing in the county; the population density was 6 people per square mile. There were 2,687 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.83% White, 2.78% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 6.64% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. 12.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,152 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.90% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 22.50% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, 20.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,029, the median income for a family was $36,989. Males had a median income of $26,790 versus $19,091 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,083. About 11.60% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 16.80% of those age 65 or over.
Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Wheeler County in the Texas House of Representatives. The representative from 1971 to 1979 was the Democrat Phil Cates a lobbyist in Austin. Mobeetie Shamrock Wheeler Allison Benonine Briscoe Kelton Twitty List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Wheeler County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Wheeler County Media related to Wheeler County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Wheeler County Official Website Wheeler County from the Handbook of Texas Online Wheeler County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Entry for Royal T. Wheeler from the Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas published 1880, hosted by the Portal to Texas History. Historic Wheeler County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
Fort Worth and Denver Railway
The Fort Worth and Denver Railway, nicknamed "the Denver Road," was a Class I American railroad company that operated in the northern part of Texas from 1881 to 1982, had a profound influence on the early settlement and economic development of the region. The Fort Worth and Denver City Railway Company was chartered by the Texas legislature on May 26, 1873; the company would change its name to the Fort Worth and Denver Railway Company on August 7, 1951. The main line of the railroad ran from Fort Worth through Wichita Falls, Childress and Dalhart, to Texline, where it connected with the rails of parent company Colorado and Southern Railway, both of which became subsidiaries of the Burlington Route in 1908. At the end of 1970 FW&D operated 1201 miles of road on 1577 miles of track. In 1980 operated mileage had dropped to 1181 but ton-miles were 7732 million: the tide of coal had begun; the Panic of 1873 delayed the start of construction until 1881 when Grenville M. Dodge became interested in the project.
As chief engineer for the Union Pacific Railroad Dodge had played a large part in the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad. Dodge organized the Texas and Colorado Railway Improvement Company in 1881 to build and equip the FW&DC in return for $20,000 in stock and $20,000 in bonds for each mile of track laid. In the same year The FW&DC and the Denver and New Orleans Railroad Company, organized in Colorado, agreed to connect their systems at the Texas-New Mexico border; the FW&DC received no state subsidy other than the right-of-way easements to cross state-owned lands totaling 2,162 acres. Beginning construction at Hodge Junction, just north of Fort Worth, on November 27, 1881, by September 1882 Dodge had completed 110 miles of track to Wichita Falls, Texas. By 1885 the line reached Harrold. Continuing into the New Mexico Territory the FW&DC linked with the D&NO where the railheads met at Union Park, near present-day Folsom, New Mexico, 528 miles from Fort Worth, on March 14, 1888.
Service between Fort Worth and Denver began on April 1, 1888. In 1895 Dodge became president of the company, one of several railroads he held a financial interest in. In 1899 The FW&DC was acquired by the Colorado and Southern Railway, successor to the D&NO; the C&S itself was bought by the Chicago and Quincy Railroad in 1908, but the three companies continued to operate as separate legal entities. In part this separation was due to Texas law, which required all railroads operating in the state to have their headquarters in Texas; this had the effect of requiring all operating railroads in Texas to be wholly owned, but independent companies of the regional or national roads. The FW&DC was the first rail line to penetrate the northwest part of Texas, which contributed to the growth of Texas cities such as Wichita Falls, Childress and Dalhart. In addition, the railroad promoted settlement of the rural areas it served, providing free seeds and tree seedlings to farmers and ranchers to promote cotton and wheat growing as well as erosion prevention.
In the first four decades of the twentieth century, the FW&DC built or acquired a number of feeder lines in its territory, so that by 1940, the Burlington-owned system operated 1,031 miles of main track in Texas in addition to the Burlington-Rock Island Railroad. The Fort Worth and Denver City leased the Fort Worth and Denver South Plains (completed in 1928, 206 miles from Estelline to Plainview and Lubbock. In reality all three lines were projects of the parent company from the outset. Several feeder lines operated by the Wichita Valley Railway Company connected with the FW&DC at Wichita Falls, including the Wichita Valley Railway, the Wichita Valley Railroad, the Abilene & Northern, the Stamford & Northwestern, the Wichita Falls & Oklahoma Railway. In 1952, the Wichita Valley and its subsidiaries were merged into the Fort Denver Railway. In 1925, the FW&DC had extended service from Fort Worth to Dallas by acquiring trackage rights over the Rock Island Railroad between those cities. At Dallas, FW&DC trains connected with the Burlington-Rock Island Railroad for through service to Houston.
The premier passenger train of the FW&DC was the streamlined Texas Zephyr, which operated between Dallas and Denver from August 22, 1940 to September 11, 1967. Other passenger trains included the Gulf Coast Special, the Colorado Special, the Sam Houston Zephyr, as well as motorcars over the South Plains line between Childress and Lubbock and over the Wichita Valley between Wichita Falls and Abilene. At the railroad's peak in 1944, during the World War II economic boom, the Texas Railroad Commission reported that the FW&DC earned $12,132,515 in freight revenue, $5,839,399 in passenger revenue, $1,488,095 in other revenue. However, by 1972, in the face of competition from interstate highway traffic and airlines, the Fort Worth and Denver owned twenty locomotives and 1,520 freight cars, but operated at a loss of $1,743,551. In 1970, the Chicago and Quincy Railroad, the Great Northern Railway, the
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
The Bulldog known as the British Bulldog or English Bulldog, is a medium-sized breed of dog. It is a hefty dog with a wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose; the American Kennel Club, The Kennel Club, the United Kennel Club oversee breeding records. Bulldogs are popular pets. Bulldogs have a longstanding association with English culture, as the BBC wrote: "to many the Bulldog is a national icon, symbolising pluck and determination." During World War II, Bulldogs were likened to Prime Minister Winston Churchill and his defiance of Nazi Germany. When the English settled in the Americas, their Bulldogs came with them. A few dedicated bulldog fanciers formed the Bulldog Club of America in 1890 and it was incorporated under the laws of the State of New York on November 29, 1904. Bulldogs have characteristically wide heads and shoulders along with a pronounced mandibular prognathism. There are thick folds of skin on the brow; the coat is short and sleek with colours of red, white and piebald. In the United Kingdom, the breed standards are 50 lb for a female.
In the United States, a typical mature male weighs 50 lb. The Bulldog Club of America recommends the average weight of a bulldog to be 40–50 lb. Bulldogs are one of the few breeds whose tail is short and either straight or screwed and thus is not cut or docked as with some other breeds. A straight tail is a more desirable tail according to the breed standard set forth by the BCA if it is facing downward, not upwards. According to the American Kennel Club, a Bulldog's disposition should be "equable and kind and courageous, demeanor should be pacifist and dignified; these attributes should be countenanced by the expression and behavior". Breeders have worked to reduce/remove aggression from these dogs. Most have a friendly, but stubborn nature. Bulldogs are recognized as excellent family pets because of their tendency to form strong bonds with children. Bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other dogs, other pets. Bulldogs have been rated one of the least intelligent breeds; the term "Bulldog" was first mentioned in literature around 1500, the oldest spelling of the word being Bondogge and Bolddogge.
The first reference to the word with the modern spelling is dated 1631 or 1632 in a letter by a man named Preswick Eaton where he writes: "procuer mee two good Bulldogs, let them be sent by ye first shipp". In 1666, English scientist Christopher Merret applied: "Canis pugnax, a Butchers Bull or Bear Dog", as an entry in his Pinax Rerum Naturalium Britannicarum; the designation "bull" was applied because of the dog's use in the sport of bull baiting. This entailed the setting of dogs onto a tethered bull; the dog that grabbed the bull by the nose and pinned it to the ground would be the victor. It was common for a bull to maim or kill several dogs at such an event, either by goring, tossing, or trampling. Over the centuries, dogs used for bull-baiting developed the stocky bodies and massive heads and jaws that typify the breed as well as a ferocious and savage temperament. Bull-baiting, along with bear-baiting, reached the peak of its popularity in England in the early 1800s until they were both made illegal by the Cruelty to Animals Act 1835.
This amended the existing legislation to protect animals from mistreatment and included snakes, dogs and donkeys, so that bull and bear-baiting as well as cockfighting became prohibited. Therefore, the Old English Bulldog had outlived its usefulness in England as a sporting animal and its active or "working" days were numbered. However, emigrants did have a use for such dogs in the New World. In mid-17th century New York, Bulldogs were used as a part of a citywide roundup effort led by Governor Richard Nicolls; because cornering and leading wild bulls were dangerous, Bulldogs were trained to seize a bull by its nose long enough for a rope to be secured around its neck. Bulldogs as pets were continually promoted by dog dealer Bill George. Despite slow maturation so that growing up is achieved by two and a half years, Bulldogs' lives are short. At five to six years of age they start to show signs of aging, it was thought the original old English Bulldog was something else mixed with the Weimaraner.
However, current genetic analysis of pure bred dogs proves this to be false. In fact, the Weimaraner is not related to the bulldog. Though today's Bulldog looks tough, he cannot perform the job he was created for as he cannot withstand the rigors of running and being thrown by a bull, cannot grip with such a short muzzle. Although not as physically capable as their ancestors, decreased levels of aggression associated with modern bulldogs have resulted in far calmer temperament while remaining physically capable guards and companions; the oldest single breed specialty club is The Bulldog Club, formed in 1878. Members of this club met at the Blue Post pub on Oxford Street in London. There they wrote the first standard of perfection for the breed. In 1894 the two top Bulldogs, King Orry and Dockleaf, competed in a contest to see which dog c