The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Ghost Rider is the name of many antiheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Marvel had used the name for a Western character whose name was changed to Phantom Rider; the first supernatural Ghost Rider is stunt motorcyclist Johnny Blaze, who, in order to save the life of his father, agreed to give his soul to "Satan". At night and when around evil, Blaze finds his flesh consumed by hellfire, causing his head to become a flaming skull, he rides a fiery motorcycle and wields blasts of hellfire from his body from his skeletal hands. He learns he has been bonded with the demon Zarathos. Blaze was featured in the Ghost Rider series from 1972 to 1983; the subsequent Ghost Rider series featured Danny Ketch as a new Ghost Rider. After his sister was injured by ninja gangsters, Ketch came in contact with a motorcycle that had somehow been mystically enchanted to contain the essence of a Spirit of Vengeance. Blaze reappeared in this 1990s series as a supporting character, it was revealed that Danny and his sister were Johnny Blaze's long lost siblings.
In 2000s comics, Blaze again became the Ghost Rider. In 2013, Robbie Reyes became Ghost Rider as part of the Marvel NOW! initiative. Nicolas Cage starred as the Johnny Blaze iteration of the character in the 2007 film Ghost Rider and its 2012 sequel, Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance. Gabriel Luna plays Robbie Reyes in the television series Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. Set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Following the western comics character who used the name, the first superhero Ghost Rider, Johnny Blaze, debuted in Marvel Spotlight #5, created by Marvel editor-in-chief Roy Thomas, writer Gary Friedrich and artist Mike Ploog, he received his own series in 1973, with penciller Jim Mooney handling most of the first nine issues. Several different creative teams mixed-and-matched until penciller Don Perlin began a long stint with issue #26 joined by writer Michael Fleisher through issue #58; the series ran through issue #81. Blaze returned as Ghost Rider in a 2001 six-issue miniseries written by Devin Grayson.
Johnny Blaze was the son of Barton Blaze, Naomi being the previous Ghost Rider. Noble Kale was the original Ghost Rider, from the 18th century, he became the Ghost Rider in order to defend his hometown from the Furies, but killed himself when his son was offered to him as a sacrifice. The next Ghost Rider, a young man named Daniel "Danny" Ketch, debuted in Ghost Rider vol. 3, #1. This Ghost Rider was nearly identical to the previous, although his costume was now a black leather biker jacket with spiked shoulder-pads, grey leather pants, a mystic chain he wore across his chest, which responded to his mental commands and served as his primary melee weapon, his new motorcycle resembled a futuristic machine and the front of it could lower to serve as a battering ram. Like the original Ghost Rider's bike, the wheels were composed of mystic hellfire. Unlike the relationship between the previous Ghost Rider and the demon with which he was bonded and his demon—who in vol. 2, #91 is revealed to be Marvel's incarnation of the Angel of Death/Judgment—are cooperative with each other.
At the close of the series with vol. 2, #93, Ketch died. The following year, Peter Parker: Spider-Man #93 revealed Ketch was still alive. Nearly a decade Marvel published the long-completed final issue as Ghost Rider Finale, which reprints the last issue and the unpublished #94. During the 2011 storyline "Fear Itself", a Nicaraguan woman named Alejandra Jones becomes Ghost Rider through a ritual performed by a man named Adam. Though she demonstrates many unknown powers of the Ghost Rider entity, she is deprived of its full power when Johnny Blaze takes back most of this power. In 2013, a new character took on the Ghost Rider mantle: a Mexican-American resident of East Los Angeles named Roberto "Robbie" Reyes, who drives a black classic muscle car reminiscent of a modified 1969 Dodge Charger rather than a motorcycle. Robbie Reyes was designed by Smith and artist Tradd Moore. Due to the Celestial Progenitor presence influencing human evolution, in 1,000,000 B. C. certain humans became much more intelligent than others as well as able to speak a new language.
However, they had to hide that gift from their brethren for fear of being ostracized. One day, a boy, gifted with the ability to speak is approached by a mysterious stranger that possessed that gift, only to witness the stranger transform into a beast and devour his entire tribe; the stranger allowed the boy to live and names him "Ghost" before telling him to challenge him when he is worthy. The boy was forced to survive on his own. After dying in the harsh environment, he is approached by Mephisto in the form of a snake, who tells him to say its name. Ghost is bonded with a Spirit of Vengeance. Other humans had never seen someone ride an animal before and began referring to Ghost as "The Rider"; the Rider continued his search and five years eventually caught up with the man who devoured his tribe. The man transformed once more. During the fight, the Rider took the bones of the dead that Wendigo had killed and used them to form a weapon.
The Avengers are a fictional team of superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The team made its debut in The Avengers #1, created by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby; the Avengers is Lee and Kirby's renovation of a previous superhero team, All-Winners Squad, who appeared in comic books series published by Marvel Comics' predecessor Timely Comics. Labeled "Earth's Mightiest Heroes", the Avengers consisted of Ant-Man, the Hulk, Iron Man and the Wasp. Ant-Man had become Giant-Man by issue #2; the original Captain America was discovered trapped in ice in issue #4, joined the group after they revived him. A rotating roster became a hallmark of the series, although one theme remained consistent: the Avengers fight "the foes no single superhero can withstand." The team, famous for its battle cry of "Avengers Assemble!", has featured humans, Inhumans, aliens, supernatural beings, former villains. The team has appeared in a wide variety of media outside of comic books, including a number of different animated television series and direct-to-video films.
The 2012 live-action feature film The Avengers, directed by Joss Whedon, set numerous records during its box office run, including one of the biggest opening debuts in North America, with a weekend gross of $207.4 million. A second Avengers film titled Avengers: Age of Ultron was released on May 1, 2015, followed by Avengers: Infinity War, which became the first superhero film to gross over $2 billion and was released on April 27, 2018. A fourth film, Avengers: Endgame, is scheduled for release on April 26, 2019; the team debuted in The Avengers #1. Much like the Justice League, the Avengers were an assemblage of pre-existing superhero characters created by Lee and Jack Kirby; this initial series, published bi-monthly through issue #6 and monthly thereafter ran through issue #402, with spinoffs including several annuals, miniseries and a giant-size quarterly sister series that ran in the mid-1970s. Other spinoff series include West Coast Avengers published as a four-issue miniseries in 1984, followed by a 102-issue series, retitled Avengers West Coast with #47.
Between 1996 and 2004, Marvel relaunched the primary Avengers title three times. In 1996, the "Heroes Reborn" line took place in an alternate universe, with a revamped history unrelated to mainstream Marvel continuity; the Avengers vol. 3 relaunched and ran for 84 issues from February 1998 to August 2004. To coincide with what would have been the 500th issue of the original series, Marvel changed the numbering, The Avengers #500–503, the one-shot Avengers Finale became the "Avengers Disassembled" storyline and final issues. In January 2005, a new version of the team appeared in the ongoing title The New Avengers, followed by The Mighty Avengers, Avengers: The Initiative, Dark Avengers. Avengers vol. 4 debuted in July 2010 and ran until January 2013. Vol. 5 was launched in February 2013. After Secret Wars, a new Avengers team debuted, dubbed the All-New, All-Different Avengers, starting with a Free Comic Book Day preview. Following Civil War II, the book was relaunched in 2016 as Avengers, while retaining the same writer and much of the cast from the All-New, All-Different run.
The series ran for 11 issues before reverting to the numbering of the original Avengers series with issue #672. Starting with issue #675, all four Avengers titles being published at the time were merged into a single weekly series dubbed Avengers: No Surrender, designed to close out this era of the team's history. Following the conclusion of No Surrender in 2018, the series will be relaunched again as Avengers; when the Asgardian god Loki seeks revenge against his brother Thor, his machinations unwittingly lead teenager Rick Jones to collect Ant-Man, the Wasp, Iron Man to help Thor and the Hulk, whom Loki used as a pawn. After the group vanquished Loki, Ant-Man stated that the five worked well together and suggested they form a team; the roster changed immediately. Captain America soon joined the team in issue #4, he was given "founding member" status in the Hulk's place; the Avengers went on to fight foes such as Baron Zemo, who formed the Masters of Evil, Kang the Conqueror, Wonder Man, Count Nefaria.
The next milestone came. Giant-Man, now calling himself Goliath, the Wasp rejoined. Hercules became part of the team, while the Black Knight, the Black Widow, abetted the Avengers but did not become members until years later. Spider-Man did not join the group; the Black Panther joined after rescuing the team from Klaw. The X-Men #45 featured a crossover with The Avengers #53; this was followed by the introduction of the android the Vision. Pym assumed the new identity of Yellowjacket in issue #59, married the Wasp the following month; the Avengers headquarters was in a New York City building called Avengers Mansion, courtesy of Tony Stark. The mansion was serviced by Edwin Jarvis, the Avengers' faithful butler, furnished with state of the art technology and defense systems, included the Avengers' primary mode of transport: the five-engine Quinjet. The
Shadowman is a fictional superhero who appears in comic books published by Valiant Comics. The character debuted in Shadowman #1, created by writers Jim Shooter and Steve Englehart, artist Mike Manley. Shadowman appears in video games, as well as numerous other Valiant comics. Shadowman is a lineage and four characters have taken up the mantle thus far in the comics and video games; the series protagonist is Jack Boniface. Since his introduction, Shadowman has been a key character in the Valiant Universe and has sold over 5.3 million copies to date, with 80 issues published. Shadowman comics have been translated into a number of languages, including German, Spanish, Norwegian and Chinese, among others. New Orleans mayor Sidney Barthelemy proclaimed January 17, 1993 as “Shadowman Day.” Shadowman debuted in 1992 as a flagship title in the Valiant Universe and became one of the industry’s most popular comic books. After one year in publication, Shadowman was selling over 100,000 comics books a month.
By its second year, Shadowman was outselling long-standing industry stalwarts from Marvel Comics and DC Comics. Shadowman continued with sales in the hundreds of thousands of books per month until 1996 when Acclaim Entertainment, which bought Valiant for $65 million, started a new Shadowman series under the Acclaim Comics banner. Acclaim focused on adapting Shadowman for video games. In preparation for the leap to video games a new more action oriented Shadowman took up the mask in comics; the second series of comics featured the iteration of Shadowman that would gain huge popularity in the successful Shadow Man video game franchise. In 1999, Shadow Man was released on the Nintendo 64, PlayStation, PC formats to a positive critical and commercial response. Acclaim launched a third Shadowman comic book series in conjunction with the sequel to the first successful Shadow Man video game; the sequel entitled, Shadow Man: 2econd Coming came out and a third game in the series began development. The sequel, Shadow Man: 2econd Coming was released in 2002 as a PlayStation 2 exclusive.
In all the Shadow Man franchise has sold over 2 million copies and grossed close to 100 million dollars in revenue. Nintendo released a special Shadow Man themed limited edition N64 console that has become a sought after collectible. In 2006, a campaign was begun by fans to make the Shadow Man series of games available for download on the Nintendo Wii system. People who have worked on Shadowman characters and storylines include Marvel Comics Editor-in Chief Joe Quesada, former Marvel Comics Editor-in-Chief Jim Shooter, Sin City co-director Frank Miller, Garth Ennis, Rob Liefeld, Barry Windsor-Smith, Jamie Delano, Steve Ditko, David Lapham, Rags Morales, Fabian Nicieza, Jim Starlin, Bob Layton, Jimmy Palmiotti, Walt Simonson and Ashley Wood among many others. With issue seven Bob Hall took over writing chores and continued as the primary writer on the book until the first "Shadowman" run ended with issue 43; as of issue ten he took over penciling the book as well. Over 80 Shadowman comics have been published to date.
Shadowman guest starred in a number of Valiant comics, most notably "Unity" and "Unity 2000". Acclaim shut down all comic book publishing in 2002 in anticipation of a bankruptcy filing of its parent company after suffering heavy losses from its licensed sports video games. Valiant Entertainment are the current owners of the Valiant catalog. Shadowman has had his likeness transferred to many other mediums in addition to comic books and video games, including trading cards, apparel, lithographs, high end collectibles and more. Jack Boniface is playing saxophone for a packed jazz bar deep in the heart of New Orleans one night. A successful musician and hopeless romantic, Jack dreams of a record deal, but until is happy to realize that a beautiful woman named Lydia has been coming to the bar every night to watch him play; that night they leave the bar together. They go to her residence, where Jack consumes a drugged drink and falls unconscious, believing this is his last moment on Earth. In the morning he wakes to find Lydia gone, a strange mark on his neck.
That night, Jack stalks the streets, compelled by an urge to hunt Lydia down and take revenge. He finds a discarded carnival mask on the street and, picks it up. Jack hears the cries of a woman being assaulted in a back alley, he confronts the attacker, finds that he has superhuman strength and speed, with which he is able to frighten the attacker into fleeing. Jack’s housekeeper Nettie, a voodoo practitioner, senses the change in Jack, she explains. Now, whenever shadows fall, his soul comes out, takes over, goes hunting, she tells him, "In voodoo talk, ‘shadow’ means soul. You the Shadowman." Nettie feels the presence of a spirit, named Bosou Koblamin in Jack. Bosou has become the loa who stands for him. Nettie tells him that although ignorant people think Bosou is evil, in truth Bousou embodies a rage against evil, is not possessing Jack, but helping him. Nettie, feeling that Jack's newborn nighttime identity of Shadowman is part of his destiny, makes Jack an outfit for this new identity, which bears the image of his soul stepping out and three spikes of light piercing the darkness—just like Bosou’s three horns.
Putting on the mask, Jack confronts violent criminals. Dead bodies start piling up in New Orleans but these dead bodies have been reanimated and are found running and raving with blood pouring from their orifices before they collapse and die; the public
Ant-Man is the name of several fictional superheroes appearing in books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee, Larry Lieber and Jack Kirby, Ant-Man's first appearance was in Tales to Astonish #35; the persona was the brilliant scientist Hank Pym's superhero alias after inventing a substance that can change size, but Scott Lang and Eric O'Grady took on the mantle after the original changed his superhero identity to various other aliases. Over the years a number of different characters have assumed the title of Ant-Man, most of whom have been connected with the Avengers; the original Ant-Man was Security Operations Center expert Dr. Henry'Hank' Pym. Falling in love with him and believing that his American citizenship would protect her and Maria traveled to Hungary shortly after their marriage to start their new life together, they were confronted by corrupt agents of the secret police. Hank was knocked unconscious and Maria was murdered. Pym was distraught by his wife's death, decided to do whatever he could in the future to battle injustice.
After discovering a chemical substance, which he called Pym Particles, that would allow the user to alter his size, he armed himself with a helmet that could control ants. After that, Pym would shrink down to the size of an insect to become the mystery-solving Ant-Man, solving crimes and stopping criminals, he soon shared his discovery with his new girlfriend Janet van Dyne, who became his crime-fighting partner the Wasp, when he helped her avenge the death of her scientist father Vernon van Dyne, killed by an alien unleashed by one of Vernon's own experiments. The duo would become founding members of the Avengers, fighting recurring enemies such as the mad scientist Egghead, the mutant Whirlwind, Pym's own robotic creation Ultron. While Pym is the original Ant-Man, he has adopted other aliases over the years including Giant-Man, Goliath and Wasp after Janet's presumed death in Secret Invasion. Leaving his original persona vacant, his successors have taken up the Ant-Man role while Pym explored these other identities.
Scott Lang was a thief who became Ant-Man after stealing the Ant-Man suit to save his daughter Cassandra "Cassie" Lang from a heart condition. Reforming from his life of crime, Lang soon took on a full-time career as Ant-Man with the encouragement of Hank Pym, he became an affiliate of the Fantastic Four, became a full-time member of the Avengers. For a period of time he dated Jessica Jones, he was killed by the Scarlet Witch along with the Vision and Hawkeye in Avengers Disassembled, his daughter took up his heroic mantle as Stature in the book Young Avengers. He returned to life in 2011 in the mini series, The Children's Crusade, but lost his daughter when she heroically sacrificed herself to stop a super charged Doctor Doom, who would revive her during the AXIS. Eric O'Grady is the third character to take up the Ant-Man title. O'Grady is a low-level agent of S. H. I. E. L. D. Who stumbles upon the Ant-Man suit in S. H. I. E. L. D.'s headquarters. A man of few morals and willing to lie, cheat and manipulate in order to get ahead in life, Eric stole the armor for his own selfish plans, which included using his status as a "super-hero" to seduce women and humiliate and torment others.
He had his own short-lived title before being part of other teams such as joining Avengers: The Initiative as his first team and joining The Thunderbolts but more Secret Avengers, where the character perished heroically while defending a child against the villain known as Father. Hank Pym made his animated debut as Giant-Man/Ant-Man in The Marvel Super Heroes 1966 series. Hank Pym appears in his original Ant-Man identity in Avengers: United They Stand as the team's leader. Two versions of Ant-Man appear throughout Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes. Scott Lang appears as Ant-Man in Ultimate Spider-Man television series. Scott Lang appears as Ant-Man in Avengers Assemble. An Ant-Man TV series was one of several planned TV shows from Marvel in 1980's. Ant-Man appears along with the Hulk in a Coke Mini commercial that premiered during Super Bowl 50. Paul Rudd, who plays the character in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, reprises the role in the commercial by providing the voice of Ant-Man. Marvel's Ant-Man, a series of animated shorts aired on Disney XD in 2017.
Josh Keaton voiced Ant-Man and Melissa Rauch voiced The Wasp. The series is created by Passion Studios' Ugo Kevin Manach. A live-action film, featuring Scott Lang and Hank Pym, titled Ant-Man, was released on July 17, 2015; the film is directed by Peyton Reed, with a screenplay by Edgar Wright & Joe Cornish and Adam McKay & Paul Rudd from a story by Wright and Cornish. Wright was slated to direct the film but left the project in May 2014 due to creative differences with the studio. In November 2013, Kevin Feige confirmed that aspects of Eric O'Grady's Ant-Man would not be featured in the film. In December 2013, Paul Rudd was cast as Ant-Man, followed in January 2014 with the casting of Michael Douglas as Pym, the confirmation of Rudd as Lang. Rudd reprised his role in Captain America: Civil War and Ant-Man and the Wasp, will appear in the Avengers: Endgame. Douglas returned as Pym in Ant-Man and the Wasp, will be in Avengers: Endgame. Atom, a DC Comics superhero with a similar ability to shrink in size.
Ant-Man at the Marvel Universe Ant-Man at the Marvel Database Project Ant-Man on IMDb Ant-Man at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012
Venom (Marvel Comics character)
Venom is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics in association with Spider-Man. The character is a sentient alien Symbiote with an amorphous, liquid-like form, who survives by bonding with a host human; this dual-life form receives enhanced powers and refers to itself as "Venom". The Symbiote was introduced as a living alien costume in The Amazing Spider-Man #252, with a full first appearance as Venom in The Amazing Spider-Man #300; the Venom Symbiote's first human host was Spider-Man, who discovered its true nefarious nature and separated himself from the creature in The Amazing Spider-Man #258 — with a brief rejoining five months in Web of Spider-Man #1. The Symbiote went on to merge with other hosts, most notably Eddie Brock, its second and most infamous host, with whom it first became Venom and one of Spider-Man's archenemies. Comics journalist and historian Mike Conroy writes of the character: "What started out as a replacement costume for Spider-Man turned into one of the Marvel web-slinger's greatest nightmares."
Venom was ranked as the 22nd Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time in IGN's list of the top 100 comic villains. IGN ranked Mac Gargan's incarnation of Venom as #17 in their list of "The Top 50 Avengers", while the Flash Thompson incarnation was ranked as #27; the character was listed as #33 on Empire's 50 Greatest Comic Book Characters. The original idea of a new costume for Spider-Man that would become the character Venom was conceived by a Marvel Comics reader from Norridge, Illinois named Randy Schueller. In 1982, Jim Shooter, Marvel's editor-in-chief at the time, sent Schueller a letter acknowledging Marvel's interest in the idea, which they ended up purchasing from him for $220. Shooter came up with the idea of switching Spider-Man to a black-and-white costume influenced by the intended costume design for the new Spider-Woman. Writer/artist John Byrne says on his website that he conceived a costume of self-healing biological material when he was the artist on Iron Fist — to explain how that character's costume was being torn and apparently repaired by the next issue.
Byrne says explaining that he ended up not using the idea on that title, but that Roger Stern asked him if he could use the idea for Spider-Man's alien costume. Stern in turn plotted the issue in which the costume first appeared but left the title, it was writer Tom DeFalco and artist Ron Frenz who established that the costume was a sentient alien being, vulnerable to high sonic energy during their run on The Amazing Spider-Man that preceded Michelinie's. The Symbiote was first introduced as Spider-man's new black costume in The Amazing Spider-Man #252 as part of a story called "Homecoming!" The story takes place after Spider-Man's return from the events of the miniseries Secret Wars, where he first obtains the black costume. The full first appearance of Venom is in The Amazing Spider-Man #300, after the Symbiote bonds with Eddie Brock; the story of how Spider-Man gets his new black costume is recounted in Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars #8, in which writer Jim Shooter and artist Mike Zeck depicted the heroes and villains of the Marvel Universe transported to another planet called Battleworld by a being called the Beyonder.
After Spider-Man's costume is ruined from battles with the villains, he is directed by Thor and the Hulk to a room at the heroes' base where they inform him a machine can read his thoughts and fabricate any type of clothing. Choosing a machine he believes to be the correct one, Spider-Man causes a black sphere to appear before him, which spreads over his body, dissolving the tattered old costume and covering his body to form a new black and white costume. To Spider-Man's surprise, the costume can mimic street clothes and provides a inexhaustible and stronger supply of webbing. During their run on The Amazing Spider-Man, writer Tom DeFalco and artist Ron Frenz established that the costume was a sentient alien Symbiote, vulnerable to both fire and high sonic energy, it was in that storyline that the costume would envelop Peter Parker while he slept, go out at night to fight crime, leaving Parker inexplicably exhausted in the morning. Parker had the costume examined by Reed Richards, who discovered that it was alive, when Parker realized it was trying to permanently bond to Parker's body, he rejected it, it was subsequently contained by the Fantastic Four.
The Symbiote escaped and bonded again to Parker, who used sound waves from a cathedral's church bell to repel it. But the symbiote had grown an emotional attachment to Peter so he willingly left Peter's unconscious body and moved him to safety before disappearing. In Go Down Swinging, when Norman Osborn got bonded to the Carnage symbiote, Spider-Man rebonds to the symbiote in an attempt to stop Osborn, now calling himself Red Goblin, while forgiving both Eddie and Venom for the past conflicts, he with the symbiote got a new costume design and they were overpowering Osborn, until Norman mortally injured Flash Thompson. This caused Spider-Man and the symbiote to get angry they losing control, until Flash calmed them down in his dying breath. In the final battle Spider-Man tells to the symbiote to leave him and that he himself is going to be all right while Norman detaches himself from Carnage. David Michelinie would write the backstory of Eddie Brock as the alien's new host that would become the villain Venom, using the events of Peter David's 1985 "Sin Eater" storyline in The Spectacular Spider-Man as a basis for Brock's origin.
Venom's existence was first indicated in Web of Spider-Man #18, when he shov
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w