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Clean-up is a part of the workflow in the production of hand-drawn animation.

In traditional animation, the first drawings are called "roughs" or "rough animation" because they are often done in a very loose fashion. If the animation is successfully pencil tested and approved by the director, clean versions of the drawings have to be done; in larger studios this task is given to the animator's assistant, or, in a more specialised setting, to a clean-up-artist. The artist doing the clean-ups is responsible for the final line and finished look of the shot.

Clean-up animation is the process of creating the final drawings you see in the finished film, it does not necessarily mean a "clean" fine line. The artist, usually a team of artists, uses key drawings and animation charts from the animator, making it appear as though one artist has created the whole film, the clean-up artists will follow the intentions of the animators and stay true to performance and movement.

Clean-up is generally done on a new sheet of paper, they can be done on the same sheet as the rough animation if this was done with a "non-copy blue" pencil. This certain tone of blue will be invisible for photocopying machines or grayscale scanners, where the finished animation will be copied on cels or transferred into a computer for further processing.

On average clean-up usually takes twice as long as the rough animation pass because of the precision and extra drawings that are required to complete a shot.

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