Tara Lyn Strong is a Canadian–American actress who has done voice work for numerous animations and video games and performed in various live-action productions. Many of her major voice roles include animated series such as Rugrats, The Powerpuff Girls, The Fairly OddParents, Drawn Together, Ben 10, Teen Titans and its spin-off Teen Titans Go!, DC Super Hero Girls and My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic as well as video games such as Mortal Kombat X, Final Fantasy X and X-2 and the Batman: Arkham series. Her portrayals have garnered nominations in the Annie Awards and Daytime Emmys, an award from the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences. Strong was born on February 1973, in Toronto, Ontario, to Syd and Lucy Charendoff, her family, Jews who lived in Russia, had immigrated to Canada after escaping the Anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire. Her parents ran a candy and novelty store called The Wiz, Syd had worked as a pharmacist. Tara and her older sister Marla were raised in Toronto. At age four, she volunteered to be a soloist at a school production.
She worked with the Yiddish Theater. She performed with the Toronto Jewish Theater, where she acted in A Night of Stars and was featured in an audiotape for "Lay Down Your Arms" with the Habonim Youth Choir, where she sang the lyrics in both English and Hebrew, her first professional role was Gracie in Limelight Theater's production of The Music Man at age 13. She had a guest role in the action series T. and T. Her first major cartoon role was the title role in Hello Kitty's Furry Tale Theater, she starred in the short-lived CBC Television sitcom Mosquito Lake. She took improv classes at The Second City in Toronto and continued acting in both animated and live-action shows and films, before moving to Los Angeles in January 1994. Strong is the voice of numerous animated characters, including main roles in Fillmore! as Ingrid Third. She has lent her voice to English-language localizations of Japanese anime such as Spirited Away and Princess Mononoke, as well as several video games, including her work as Elisa and Ursula in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops.
She has a minor voiceover for the Teddy Bear. She has appeared in live roles in National Lampoon's Senior Trip, Sabrina Goes to Rome, Sabrina Down Under, The Last White Dishwasher, she made guest appearances on such shows as Forever Knight, Street Legal, Touched by an Angel, Take Home Chef, Party of Five, Comic Book: The Movie, Kung Fu: The Legend Continues, 3rd Rock from the Sun. In January 2013, she voiced the character Plum in Cartoon Hangover's Bravest Warriors, created by Pendleton Ward, she has the role of the character Miss Collins in Nickelodeon's live-action series Big Time Rush. In 2004, she won an Interactive Achievement Award for her role as Rikku in Final Fantasy X-2, she served as the announcer for the 1999 Kids' Choice Awards, appeared as a guest panelist at several fan conventions, was featured on the front cover of the July/August 2004 issue of Working Mother magazine, in which she said, "My son is now old enough to respond to my work. To me, that's what it is all about." Strong has been nominated five times for Annie Awards.
In 2013, Strong won the Shorty Award for "Best #Actress" for her use of social media. The Behind the Voice Actors website selected her for a BTVA Voice Acting Award for Voice Actress of the Year for 2013, nominated her for the 2011 and 2012 years. Strong was the roommate of actress Neve Campbell, they both auditioned for the role of Julia in the 1990s TV series Party of Five, Campbell won the role. Strong did appear in one episode playing Lorna. In 1999, she met an American former actor turned real estate agent, they have two sons: Aden. Their family resides in Los Angeles, where they run VoiceStarz, an Internet-based company that teaches people how to get into the voice-over business. Strong and her husband developed and patented a line of baby bottles with caps that their user can set to note the calendar date for breast milk storage, she was involved with a charity group called Bronies for Good where she helped raise funds for a family whose daughter had a brain tumor. In 2012, during the BronyCon event in New Jersey, she attended a lunch with fans from the military.
Beck, Jerry. The Animated Movie Guide:. Chicago Review Press. 386pp. ISBN 9781569762226. Brooks, Tim; the Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307483201. Terrace, Vincent. Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925
Disney Television Animation
Disney Television Animation is an American animation studio that creates and produces animated television series, films and other projects. It is a division of the Disney Channels Worldwide owned by The Walt Disney Company. Established in 1984 during the reorganization and subsequent re-incorporation of The Walt Disney Company following the arrival of then-Disney CEO Michael Eisner, the entity was known as the Walt Disney Pictures Television Animation Group before being shortened to Walt Disney Television Animation in 1987, was shortened again in 2011 to Disney Television Animation; the Walt Disney Company first ventured into the television industry as early as 1950, beginning with the one-hour Christmas special, One Hour in Wonderland. This was followed by the 1951 Christmas special, The Walt Disney Christmas Show, the long-running anthology series, The Wonderful World of Disney, the children's variety show The Mickey Mouse Club, the 1957-1959 adventure series, Zorro. However, one element was missing from Disney's expansion into television: An original animated television series.
Until the early 80's, the studio had never produced its own original animated shows in-house, because Walt Disney felt it was economically impossible. Nearly all pre-1985 TV animation was wrap-around segments made to bridge the gaps on existing theatrical material on The Wonderful World of Disney. Osamu Tezuka met Walt at the 1964 World's Fair, at which time Disney said he hoped to "make something just like" Tezuka's Astro Boy someday, but nothing came of it. With the hiring of a new CEO for Disney Production in 1984, Michael Eisner, lead him to push to expand Disney into new areas thus the establishment of a television animation division that year; the cartoon would be shop to all markets: Disney Channel and syndication. Eisner held a meeting at his home in which he brought up the concept of doing a series on Gummi bear as his kids like the candy; the staff was told that they could not use the principal Disney cartoon characters in the new shows. The Walt Disney Television Animation department was started in November 1984 with Gary Krisel as president and Michael Webster as senior vice president.
This was considered a risky move, because animated TV series were considered low-budget investments for most of the history of TV cartoons up through the 1980s. Many critics say that Disney's own animation studio had lost most of its luster during the period from Walt Disney's passing through the 1980s. However, the studio took a number of risks; the studio gambled on the idea that a larger investment into quality animation could be made back through both network television and over-the-air in syndication, as well as cable. The final result is a string of higher budgeted animated television productions which proved to be profitable ventures and raised the standard for the TV medium; the Disney television animation cycle began in mid-1985, with The Wuzzles and Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears, both which are based upon funny animal-based conceptions. The final third series in the incidentally so-called "magic animal"-based "trilogy" of original character sets was going to be Fluppy Dogs, itself loosely based a series of children's books and line of toys about a race of anthropomorphic pastel-colored dimension-hopping alien dogs.
It was not a successful hit however, as the proposed series was not picked up after it never went beyond that one pilot episode, the studio instead fell into a routine of adapting its old properties into the new use, which Disney coincidentally did. In 1987, Disney unveiled the newest series yet in its cycle, the first in their successful long-time line of syndicated animated shows, DuckTales; the show was successful enough to spawn a feature film, DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp, two spin-off series: Darkwing Duck and Quack Pack. 1990 release Treasure of the Lost Lamp was the first movie from TV Animation's Disney MovieToon unit. Disney Television Animation hired a director of specials, Sharon Morrill, in 1993; the success of DuckTales paved the way for a new wave of high-quality animated TV series, including Disney's own The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh in 1988. Early that spring, Chip'n Dale Rescue Rangers debuted on March 4, 1989, was paired with DuckTales in an hour-long syndicated show through the 1989-1990 television season.
In the 1990-1991 season, Disney expanded the idea further, to create The Disney Afternoon, a two-hour long syndicated block of half-hour cartoons, which premiered much on September 10, 1990. DuckTales was one of the early flagship cartoons in the block. On August 24, 1994 with Jeffrey Katzenberg's resignation, Richard Frank became head of newly formed Walt Disney Television and Telecommunications, which included WDTA, from units of The Walt Disney Studios. Morrill was in charge of the first Aladdin DTV film launching Disney Video Premiere/Direct to Video unit. Three overseas Disney studios were set up to produce the company's animated television series. Disney Animation Australia was started in 1988. In 1989, the Brizzi brothers sold Brizzi Films to Disney Television Animation and was renamed Walt Disney Animation France; that year, Disney Animation Japan was started. Walt Disney Animation Canada was opened in January 1996 to tap Canada's animator pool and produce direct-to-video; as direct-to-video increased in importance, the overseas studios moved to making feature films.
WDTT chair Frank left D
Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman was an English actor and director. Rickman trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London and became a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company, performing in modern and classical theatre productions, his first big television role came in 1982, but his big break was as the Vicomte de Valmont in the RSC stage production of Les Liaisons Dangereuses in 1985, after the production transferred to Broadway in 1987 he was nominated for a Tony Award. Rickman's first cinematic role was as the German terrorist leader Hans Gruber in Die Hard, he appeared as the Sheriff of Nottingham in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, for which he received the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. L. O'Hara in An Awfully Big Adventure. Rickman gained further notice for his film performances as Severus Snape in the Harry Potter series. Rickman made his television acting debut playing Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet as part of the BBC’s Shakespeare series, he starred in television films, playing the title character in Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny, which won him a Golden Globe Award, an Emmy Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award, Dr. Alfred Blalock in the Emmy-winning Something the Lord Made.
Rickman died of pancreatic cancer on 14 January 2016 at age 69. His final film roles were as Lieutenant General Frank Benson in the thriller Eye in the Sky, the voice of Absolem, the caterpillar in Alice Through the Looking Glass. Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman was born into a working class family in Hammersmith, London, on 21 February 1946, he was the son of Margaret Doreen Rose, a housewife, Bernard William Rickman, a factory worker, house painter and decorator, former World War II aircraft fitter. Rickman was of Welsh descent, his father was Catholic and his mother was a Methodist. Rickman had two brothers and Michael, a sister, Sheila; when Rickman was eight years old, his father died of lung cancer, leaving his mother to raise him and his three siblings alone. According to Paton, the family was "rehoused by the council and moved to an Acton estate to the west of Wormwood Scrubs Prison, where his mother struggled to bring up four children on her own by working for the Post Office." She divorced Rickman's stepfather after three years.
Before Rickman met Rima Horton at age 19, he stated that his first crush was at 10 years old on a girl named Amanda at his school's sports day. As a child, he excelled at watercolour painting. Rickman attended Derwentwater Primary School in Acton, Latymer Upper School in London through the Direct Grant system, where he became involved in drama. After leaving Latymer with science A'levels, he attended Chelsea College of Art and Design from 1965 to 1968 and the Royal College of Art from 1968 to 1970, his training allowed him to work as a graphic designer for the Royal College of Art's in-house magazine, ARK, the Notting Hill Herald, which he considered a more stable occupation than acting. After graduation and several friends opened a graphic design studio called Graphiti, but after three years of successful business, he decided that he was going to pursue acting professionally, he wrote to request an audition with the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, which he attended from 1972 until 1974. While there, he supported himself by working as a dresser for Sir Nigel Hawthorne and Sir Ralph Richardson.
After graduating from RADA, Rickman worked extensively with British repertory and experimental theatre groups in productions including Chekhov's The Seagull and Snoo Wilson's The Grass Widow at the Royal Court Theatre, appeared three times at the Edinburgh International Festival. In 1978, he performed with the Court Drama Group, gaining roles in Romeo and Juliet and A View from the Bridge, among other plays. While working with the Royal Shakespeare Company, he was cast in, he appeared in The Barchester Chronicles, the BBC's adaptation of Trollope's first two Barchester novels, as the Reverend Obadiah Slope. Rickman was given the male lead, the Vicomte de Valmont, in the 1985 Royal Shakespeare Company production of Christopher Hampton's adaptation of Les Liaisons Dangereuses, directed by Howard Davies. After the RSC production transferred to Broadway in 1987, Rickman received both a Tony Award nomination and a Drama Desk Award nomination for his performance. Rickman played a wide range of roles.
He played romantic leads including Colonel Brandon in Sense and Sensibility and Jamie in Truly, Deeply. Rickman's role as Hans Gruber in Die Hard earned him a spot on the AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains list as the 46th best villain in film history, though he revealed he did not take the role as h
Walter Flanagan is a comic book store manager, reality television personality and comic book artist. Flanagan is a long-time friend of Kevin Smith, it was Flanagan who turned Smith onto comic books, he manages Jay and Silent Bob's Secret Stash in Red Bank, New Jersey. Flanagan was born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, grew up in nearby Highlands and attended Henry Hudson Regional High School with Smith. Flanagan is co-host of the "Tell'Em Steve-Dave!" podcast with longtime friends Bryan Johnson and Brian Quinn. Flanagan is the lead star in AMC's Comic Book Men, which premiered in February 2012. According to the Mallrats commentary, Smith cites Flanagan as being the influence for the Brodie character, down to the Dixie Cup full of soda that the character carries with him everywhere as well as his October birth date. Flanagan originated the character of Olaf, seen in Clerks as Silent Bob's cousin from Russia. In Smith's 1994 debut movie, Flanagan was credited with four different roles. Among these were the egg-obsessed guidance counselor, the cigarette protester who bought the cigarettes after the protest, the customer offended by the lewd "jizz mopper" discussion, the customer to whom Randal said the resident cat's name was "Annoying Customer."
He designed the clown animation that made up the View Askew logo, appeared in the Soul Asylum video for "Can't Even Tell", directed by Kevin Smith. In Smith's 1995 Mallrats, Flanagan played the recurring role of Walt "Fanboy" Grover, accompanied by his friend Steve-Dave, with whom Walt offers constant assent with his trademark phrase, "Tell'em, Steve-Dave!" He appears in an uncredited role as one of Mr. Svenning's assistants who places a podium in the wrong place on a stage, is seen at a table under which Jay and Bob hide from the mall security guard LaFours, greets Brodie at the swap meet. Flanagan was given a credit for being a set production assistant on the film. Flanagan is referenced when Jay states that LaFours is "faster than Walt Flanagan's dog...". Flanagan and Johnson reappear as Walt Grover the Fanboy and Steve-Dave in a deleted scene in Smith's 1997 romantic drama Chasing Amy, his dog is yet again mentioned in one of the Chronic pages during the opening. In another deleted scene and Holden toss a trash can through the window of Steve-Dave's comic store, in retaliation for the harsh criticism Steve-Dave and Walt gave Bluntman and Chronic.
Walt reappears as Walt Grover among the pro-life protestors outside the abortion clinic in the beginning of the film Dogma, among the people leaving the theater at the end of Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back, in three episodes of Clerks: The Animated Series, though none of them aired during the series' broadcast run. Flanagan appeared as a caddy in Bryan Johnson's 2000 film Vulgar, as a customer in Clerks II. Flanagan was referenced by name in Green Arrow #3, which Kevin Smith wrote. Flanagan himself has provided the art for two comic books published written by Smith and Bryan Johnson. In 2005 he and Johnson published through IDW Publishing Karney, a four-issue horror miniseries which explores the sideshow freaks in a traveling circus in the 1800s; the series was adapted from a screenplay that Johnson had written to be produced as a film. In 2007 the two collaborated on War of the Undead, a miniseries set in 1945 in which the Third Reich hatches an ill-fated plan to employ Count Dracula, the Wolfman and Frankenstein's monster as weapons in a last-ditch effort to defeat the Allies.
Flanagan provided the art for Smith's limited series Batman: Cacophony, which ran from November 2008 to January 2009. The series featured the villains Onomatopoeia, The Joker, Maxie Zeus, Victor Zsasz; the trade paperback of Batman: Cacophony became a New York Times Bestseller in their Hardcover Graphic Books section. In 2010 Smith subsequently wrote a six-issue Batman mini-series called The Widening Gyre for DC Comics. After issue six was published and Flanagan's work on their reality show, Comic Book Men, extended this planned break further than expected, it was decided in the interim to release the remaining issues as a separate series to be called Batman: Bellicosity, due in 2014. As featured at the end of season 2 of Comic Book Men, Walt Flanagan does the artwork for the original comic series, Cryptozoic Man. Fellow co-host Bryan Johnson is the author, with Ming Chen and Mike Zapcic helping with character creation. Flanagan provided cover pencils for the first five issues of the Blue Juice Comics series The Accelerators.
Flanagan wrote the lyrics for a song titled “I Sell Comics.” A contest was held in which listeners of the podcast, “Tell ‘Em Steve-Dave!” Submitted entries for music to the song. Courage My Love’s version was chosen as the winner. Soul Asylum - Cant Even Tell playing hockey on the Quick Stop roof. Flanagan has two daughters. Kevin Smith said on his podcast, SModcast, that Flanagan's family home sustained "catastrophic" damage as a result of Hurricane Sandy. Flanagan's alter. Walt Flanagan at the Comic Book DB Walt Flanagan on IMDb Tell'Em Steve Dave! official site AMC official Comic Book Men site
The Flintstones is an American animated sitcom produced by Hanna-Barbera for ABC. The series takes place in a romanticized Stone Age setting, follows the activities of the titular family, the Flintstones, their next-door neighbors, the Rubbles, it was broadcast from September 30, 1960 until April 1, 1966, in a prime time slot, the first such instance for an animated series. The continuing popularity of The Flintstones rested on its juxtaposition of modern everyday concerns in the Stone Age setting; the Flintstones was the most financially successful and longest running network animated franchise for three decades, until The Simpsons debuted in late 1989. In 2013, TV Guide ranked The Flintstones the second greatest TV cartoon of all time; the show is set in a comical, satirical version of the Stone Age which, although it uses primitive technology, resembles mid-20th-century suburban America. The plots deliberately resemble the sitcoms of the era, with the caveman Flintstone and Rubble families getting into minor conflicts characteristic of modern life.
The show is set in the Stone Age town of Bedrock. In this fantasy version of the past and other long-extinct animals co-exist with cavemen, saber-toothed cats, woolly mammoths. Animation historian Christopher P. Lehman considers that the series draws its humor in part from creative uses of anachronisms; the main one is the placing of 20th-century society in prehistory. This society takes inspiration from the suburban sprawl developed in the first two decades of the postwar period; this society has modern home appliances. They have automobiles; these cars burn no fuel. They are powered by people; the stone houses of this society are cookie-cutter homes positioned into neighborhoods typical of mid-20th century American suburbs. Fred Flintstone is the main character of the series. Fred is an accident-prone bronto-crane operator at the Slate Rock and Gravel Company and the head of the Flintstone household, he is quick to anger, but is a loving husband and father. He is good at bowling and is a member of the fictional "Loyal Order of Water Buffaloes", a men-only club paralleling real-life fraternities such as the Loyal Order of Moose.
His famous catchphrase is "Yabba Dabba Doo!" Wilma Flintstone is Pebbles' mother. She is more intelligent and level-headed than her husband, though she has a habit of spending money, she is a foil to Fred's poor behavior. Pebbles Flintstone is the Flintstones' infant daughter, born near the end of the third season. Dino is the Flintstones' pet dinosaur. A running gag in the series involves Fred coming home from work and Dino getting excited and knocking him down and licking his face repeatedly. Baby Puss is the Flintstones' pet saber-toothed cat, seen in the actual series, but is always seen throwing Fred out of the house during the end credits, causing Fred to pound on the front door and yell "Wilma!", waking the whole neighborhood in the process. Barney Rubble is Fred's best friend and next-door neighbor, his occupation is, for the most part of the series, though episodes depict him working in the same quarry as Fred. He shares many of Fred's interests such as bowling and golf, is a member of the "Loyal Order of Water Buffaloes".
Though Fred and Barney get into feuds with one another, their deep fraternal bond remains evident. Betty Rubble is Wilma's best friend. Like Wilma, too, is more intelligent than her husband and has a habit of spending money. Bamm-Bamm Rubble is the Rubbles' preternaturally strong adopted son, whom they adopt during the fourth season. Hoppy is the Rubbles' pet hopparoo; when he first arrives and Fred mistake him for a giant mouse and are frightened of him, but they become best friends after Hoppy gets help when they are in an accident. He babysits the kids as he takes them around in his pouch, which serves as a shopping cart for Betty. Over 100 other characters appeared throughout the program. Mr. Slate is Barney's hot-tempered boss at the gravel pit. Mr. Slate fires Fred on several occasions throughout the series, only to give him his job back by the end of the episode. A running gag is Slate's ever-changing first name, revealed to be Sylvester, Nate and George as the series progressed. In the episode "The Long, Long Weekend" which aired on January 21, 1966, he is shown as being the founder of "Slate Rock and Gravel Company".
Note, in the early Flintstones episodes, the more recognized "Mr. Slate" character was known as "Mr. Rockhead" and was a supervisor of Fred's. Mr. Slate was a short character. During the course of the cartoon, the two men switched identities and the shorter character faded away from existence. Arnold is the Flintstones' paper boy, whom Fred despises because Arnold is able to best and outsmart Fred at a number of tasks and because he throws the newspaper in Fred's face. Arnold's parents are mentioned in the series, but his mothe
In a modern sense, comedy refers to any discourse or work intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter in theatre, film, stand-up comedy, or any other medium of entertainment. The origins of the term are found in Ancient Greece. In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters; the theatrical genre of Greek comedy can be described as a dramatic performance which pits two groups or societies against each other in an amusing agon or conflict. Northrop Frye depicted these two opposing sides as a "Society of Youth" and a "Society of the Old." A revised view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a powerless youth and the societal conventions that pose obstacles to his hopes. In this struggle, the youth is understood to be constrained by his lack of social authority, is left with little choice but to take recourse in ruses which engender dramatic irony which provokes laughter.
Satire and political satire use comedy to portray persons or social institutions as ridiculous or corrupt, thus alienating their audience from the object of their humor. Parody subverts popular genres and forms, critiquing those forms without condemning them. Other forms of comedy include screwball comedy, which derives its humor from bizarre, surprising situations or characters, black comedy, characterized by a form of humor that includes darker aspects of human behavior or human nature. Scatological humor, sexual humor, race humor create comedy by violating social conventions or taboos in comic ways. A comedy of manners takes as its subject a particular part of society and uses humor to parody or satirize the behavior and mannerisms of its members. Romantic comedy is a popular genre that depicts burgeoning romance in humorous terms and focuses on the foibles of those who are falling in love; the word "comedy" is derived from the Classical Greek κωμῳδία kōmōidía, a compound either of κῶμος kômos or κώμη kṓmē and ᾠδή ōidḗ.
The adjective "comic", which means that which relates to comedy is, in modern usage confined to the sense of "laughter-provoking". Of this, the word came into modern usage through the Latin comoedia and Italian commedia and has, over time, passed through various shades of meaning; the Greeks and Romans confined their use of the word "comedy" to descriptions of stage-plays with happy endings. Aristotle defined comedy as an imitation of men worse than the average. However, the characters portrayed in comedies were not worse than average in every way, only insofar as they are Ridiculous, a species of the Ugly; the Ridiculous may be defined as a deformity not productive of pain or harm to others. In the Middle Ages, the term expanded to include narrative poems with happy endings, it is in this sense that Dante used the term in the title of La Commedia. As time progressed, the word came more and more to be associated with any sort of performance intended to cause laughter. During the Middle Ages, the term "comedy" became synonymous with satire, with humour in general.
Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic world, where it was elaborated upon by Arabic writers and Islamic philosophers, such as Abu Bischr, his pupils Al-Farabi and Averroes. They disassociated comedy from Greek dramatic representation and instead identified it with Arabic poetic themes and forms, such as hija, they viewed comedy as the "art of reprehension", made no reference to light and cheerful events, or to the troubling beginnings and happy endings associated with classical Greek comedy. After the Latin translations of the 12th century, the term "comedy" gained a more general meaning in medieval literature. In the late 20th century, many scholars preferred to use the term laughter to refer to the whole gamut of the comic, in order to avoid the use of ambiguous and problematically defined genres such as the grotesque and satire. Starting from 425 BCE, Aristophanes, a comic playwright and satirical author of the Ancient Greek Theater, wrote 40 comedies, 11 of which survive.
Aristophanes developed his type of comedy from the earlier satyr plays, which were highly obscene. The only surviving examples of the satyr plays are by Euripides, which are much examples and not representative of the genre. In ancient Greece, comedy originated in bawdy and ribald songs or recitations apropos of phallic processions and fertility festivals or gatherings. Around 335 BCE, Aristotle, in his work Poetics, stated that comedy originated in phallic processions and the light treatment of the otherwise base and ugly, he adds that the origins of comedy are obscure because it was not treated from its inception. However, comedy had its own Muse: Thalia. Aristotle taught that comedy was positive for society, since it brings forth happiness, which for Aristotle was the ideal state, the final goal in any activity. For Aristotle, a comedy did not need to involve sexual humor. A comedy is about the fortunate rise of a sympathetic character. Aristotle divides comedy into three categories or subgenres: farce, romantic comedy, satire.
On the contrary, Plato taught. He believed that it produces an emotion that overrides ra
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company known as Walt Disney or Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. It is the world's largest media conglomerate in terms of revenue, ahead of NBCUniversal and WarnerMedia. Disney was founded on October 16, 1923 by brothers Walt and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio; the company established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production and theme parks. Since the 1980s, Disney has created and acquired corporate divisions in order to market more mature content than is associated with its flagship family-oriented brands; the company is known for its film studio division, Walt Disney Studios, which includes Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight Pictures, Blue Sky Studios. Disney's other main divisions are Disney Parks and Products, Disney Media Networks, Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International.
Disney owns and operates the ABC broadcast network. The company has been a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average since 1991. Cartoon character Mickey Mouse, created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, is one of the world's most recognizable characters, serves as the company's official mascot. In early 1923, Kansas City, animator Walt Disney created a short film entitled Alice's Wonderland, which featured child actress Virginia Davis interacting with animated characters. After the bankruptcy in 1923 of his previous firm, Laugh-O-Gram Studio, Disney moved to Hollywood to join his brother, Roy O. Disney. Film distributor Margaret J. Winkler of M. J. Winkler Productions contacted Disney with plans to distribute a whole series of Alice Comedies purchased for $1,500 per reel with Disney as a production partner. Walt and Roy Disney formed Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio that same year. More animated films followed after Alice. In January 1926, with the completion of the Disney studio on Hyperion Street, the Disney Brothers Studio's name was changed to the Walt Disney Studio.
After the demise of the Alice comedies, Disney developed an all-cartoon series starring his first original character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, distributed by Winkler Pictures through Universal Pictures. The distributor owned Oswald, so Disney only made a few hundred dollars. Disney completed 26 Oswald shorts before losing the contract in February 1928, due to a legal loophole, when Winkler's husband Charles Mintz took over their distribution company. After failing to take over the Disney Studio, Mintz hired away four of Disney's primary animators to start his own animation studio, Snappy Comedies. In 1928, to recover from the loss of Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Disney came up with the idea of a mouse character named Mortimer while on a train headed to California, drawing up a few simple drawings; the mouse was renamed Mickey Mouse and starred in several Disney produced films. Ub Iwerks refined Disney's initial design of Mickey Mouse. Disney's first sound film Steamboat Willie, a cartoon starring Mickey, was released on November 18, 1928 through Pat Powers' distribution company.
It was the first Mickey Mouse sound cartoon released, but the third to be created, behind Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho. Steamboat Willie was an immediate smash hit, its initial success was attributed not just to Mickey's appeal as a character, but to the fact that it was the first cartoon to feature synchronized sound. Disney used Pat Powers' Cinephone system, created by Powers using Lee de Forest's Phonofilm system. Steamboat Willie premiered at B. S. Moss's Colony Theater in New York City, now The Broadway Theatre. Disney's Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho were retrofitted with synchronized sound tracks and re-released in 1929. Disney continued to produce cartoons with Mickey Mouse and other characters, began the Silly Symphony series with Columbia Pictures signing on as Symphonies distributor in August 1929. In September 1929, theater manager Harry Woodin requested permission to start a Mickey Mouse Club which Walt approved. In November, test comics strips were sent to King Features, who requested additional samples to show to the publisher, William Randolph Hearst.
On December 16, the Walt Disney Studios partnership was reorganized as a corporation with the name of Walt Disney Productions, Limited with a merchandising division, Walt Disney Enterprises, two subsidiaries, Disney Film Recording Company and Liled Realty and Investment Company for real estate holdings. Walt and his wife held Roy owned 40 % of WD Productions. On December 30, King Features signed its first newspaper, New York Mirror, to publish the Mickey Mouse comic strip with Walt's permission. In 1932, Disney signed an exclusive contract with Technicolor to produce cartoons in color, beginning with Flowers and Trees. Disney released cartoons through Powers' Celebrity Pictures, Columbia Pictures, United Artists; the popularity of the Mickey Mouse series allowed Disney to plan for his first feature-length animation. The feature film Walt