The Cleveland Cavaliers referred to as the Cavs, are an American professional basketball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Cavs compete in the National Basketball Association as a member of the league's Eastern Conference Central Division; the team began play as an expansion team in 1970, along with the Portland Trail Blazers and Buffalo Braves. Home games were first held at Cleveland Arena from 1970 to 1974, followed by the Richfield Coliseum from 1974 to 1994. Since 1994, the Cavs have played home games at Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse in downtown Cleveland, shared with the Cleveland Gladiators of the Arena Football League and the Cleveland Monsters of the American Hockey League. Dan Gilbert has owned the team since March 2005; the Cavaliers opened their inaugural season losing their first 15 games and struggled in their early years, placing no better than sixth in the Eastern Conference during their first five seasons. The team won their first Central Division title in 1976, which marked the first winning season and playoff appearance in franchise history, where they advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals.
The franchise was purchased by Ted Stepien in 1980. Stepien's tenure as owner was marked by six coaching changes, questionable trades and draft decisions, poor attendance, leading to $15 million in financial losses; the Cavs went 66–180 in that time and endured a 24-game losing streak spanning the 1981–82 and 1982–83 seasons. George and Gordon Gund purchased the franchise in 1983. During the latter half of the 1980s and through much of the 1990s, the Cavs were a regular playoff contender, led by players such as Mark Price and Brad Daugherty, advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals in 1992. After the team's playoff appearance in 1998, the Cavs had six consecutive losing seasons with no playoff action. Cleveland was awarded with the top overall pick in the 2003 draft, they selected LeBron James. Behind James and Zydrunas Ilgauskas, the Cavaliers again became a regular playoff contender by 2005, they made their first appearance in the NBA Finals in 2007 after winning the first Eastern Conference championship in franchise history.
After failing to return to the NBA Finals in the ensuing three seasons, James joined the Miami Heat in 2010. As a result, the Cavaliers finished the 2010–11 season last in the conference, enduring a 26-game losing streak that, as of 2017, ranks as the longest in NBA history for a single season and second overall. Between 2010 and 2014, the team won the top pick in the NBA draft lottery three times, first in 2011 where they selected Kyrie Irving, again in 2013 and 2014. LeBron James led the team to four straight NBA Finals appearances. In 2016, the Cavaliers won their first NBA Championship, marking Cleveland's first major sports title since 1964; the 2016 NBA Finals victory over the Golden State Warriors marked the first time in Finals history a team had come back to win the series after trailing three games to one. The Cavaliers have made 22 playoff appearances, won seven Central Division titles, five Eastern Conference titles, one NBA title; the Cavaliers began play in the 1970–71 NBA season as an expansion team.
They set losing records in each of their first five seasons before winning their first division title in 1976. That team was led by Austin Carr, Bobby "Bingo" Smith, Jim Chones, Dick Snyder, Nate Thurmond, head coach Bill Fitch, was remembered most for the "Miracle at Richfield", in which the Cavaliers defeated the Washington Bullets 4–3 in the Eastern Conference Semifinals, they won Game 87 -- 85, on a shot by Snyder with four seconds to go. The Cavaliers moved on to the Eastern Conference Finals for the first time, but were without Chones after he broke his foot in a practice right before the series opener; as a result, the Cavaliers went on to lose 4–2 to the Boston Celtics. They made playoff appearances in the following two seasons before going on a six-year playoff hiatus; the early 1980s were marked by Ted Stepien's ownership, who had a disastrous run as owner and de facto general manager between 1980 and 1983. During Stepien's reign, the Cavaliers made a practice of trading future draft picks for marginal veteran players.
His most notable deal sent a 1982 first-round pick to the Los Angeles Lakers in exchange for Dan Ford and the 22nd overall pick in 1980. As a result of Stepien's dealings, the NBA introduced the "Stepien Rule", which prohibits teams from trading first-round draft picks in successive seasons; the Cavaliers went 66–180, dropped to the bottom of the league in attendance and lost $15 million during Stepien's three years as the owner. The Cavs went through six coaches including four during the 1981 -- 82 season; the team finished 15–67, between March and November 1982, the team had a 24-game losing streak, which at the time, was the NBA's longest losing streak. George and Gordon Gund purchased the Cavaliers from Stepien in 1983; the Cavaliers made the playoffs ten times between 1984–85 and 1997–98. In 1988–89, the Cavaliers had their best season to date, finishing the regular season with 57–25 record behind the likes of Brad Daugherty, Mark Price, Ron Harper and Larry Nance, head coach Lenny Wilkens.
They reached the Eastern Conference Finals that year. However, between 1998–99 and 2004–05, the Cavaliers failed to make a playoff appearance; the 2002–03 season saw the Cavaliers finish 17–65, tied for the worst record in the NBA. The Cavaliers' luck changed; the team selected heralded forward and future NBA MVP LeBron James, a native of nearby Akron who had risen to national stardom at St. Vincent-St. Mary High School. In 2005, the team would be sold to businessman Dan Gilbert; that year, the
Richfield Coliseum known as the Coliseum at Richfield, was an indoor arena located in Richfield Township, between Cleveland and Akron, Ohio. It opened in 1974 as a replacement for the Cleveland Arena, had a seating capacity of 20,273 for basketball, it was the main arena for the Northeast Ohio region until 1994, when it was replaced by Quicken Loans Arena in downtown Cleveland. The Coliseum stood vacant for five years before it was purchased and demolished in 1999 by the National Park Service; the site of the building is now part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park. The arena was the home to the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association, developed by Cavaliers owner Nick Mileti, who owned the Cleveland Crusaders of the World Hockey Association. Over the years it had additional tenants such as the Cleveland Barons of the National Hockey League, Cleveland Force of Major Soccer League, Cleveland Crunch of Major Indoor Soccer League, the Cleveland Lumberjacks of the International Hockey League, the Cleveland Thunderbolts of the Arena Football League.
In a 2012 interview with ESPN's Bill Simmons, basketball great Larry Bird said that it was his favorite arena to play in. The Coliseum was the site of Bird's final game in the NBA. Richfield Coliseum hosted the 1988 and 1992 editions of WWE's Survivor Series pay-per-view, it hosted the 1981 NBA All-Star Game and The Buckeye Homecoming, the 1983 professional boxing match bout between Michael Dokes and Gerrie Coetzee. It was the site of the March 24, 1975 boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Chuck Wepner, which in part inspired the movie Rocky; the Coliseum was a regular concert venue, with its first event being a concert by Frank Sinatra and the last being a concert by Roger Daltrey in 1994, the last official event at the arena. The first rock concert at the Richfield Coliseum was Stevie Wonder in October 1974; the arena, which opened in 1974, replaced the Cleveland Arena, which had 12,500+ boxing capacity, 10,000+ otherwise. The new arena seated 20,273 for basketball and 18,544 for hockey, was one of the first indoor arenas to contain luxury boxes.
Nick Mileti was the driving force behind the Coliseum's construction, believing that its location in northern Summit County south of Cleveland near the confluence of the Ohio Turnpike and Interstates 77 and 271 was ideally suited given the growth of urban sprawl. The Coliseum was built in Richfield to draw fans from both of Northeast Ohio's major cities, as nearly 5 million Ohioans lived within less than an hour's drive from the Coliseum. While the arena's location hindered attendance somewhat the Cavaliers' average attendance was over 18,000 per game each of the last 2 seasons at the Coliseum; the World Wrestling Federation promoted several notable shows including: Saturday Night's Main Event, taped on 09/13/1986, Survivor Series, Survivor Series, Survivor Series Though a large arena at the time of construction, it had only one concourse for both levels, which made for cramped conditions when attendance was anywhere close to capacity. The Coliseum's real drawback was that the revenue-producing luxury suites were at the uppermost level, as such were the worst seats in the house.
This situation was rectified at Quicken Loans Arena, where the suites are much closer to the playing area. Another hindrance to attendance was the arena's location at the intersection of Interstate 271 and Ohio State Route 303, a rural, two-lane highway outside of Richfield; as the only true access to the arena was directly at the interchange, traffic became an issue with every Coliseum event with lake-effect snow from Lake Erie providing another obstacle to drivers during the winter months. The Coliseum's fate was sealed in 1990, when voters in Cuyahoga County approved a new sin tax to fund the Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex, which included Gund Arena; the Cavaliers moved to Gund Arena at the beginning of the 1994-95 season. After being vacant for five years, the arena was torn down in 1999, between March 30 and May 21, the arena footprint and surrounding parking areas were allowed to be returned to woodland as part of the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area, now Cuyahoga Valley National Park.
Two years it was noted that the site appeared to have no trace of the former building, although a widened section of Route 303, as well as the remains of the parking lot entrance, reveal its location. The site has become an important area for wildlife. Birds such as the Eastern meadowlark and various sparrows now inhabit the area; this has caused the site to become popular with local birders. Other birds that are seen are American goldfinch, red-winged blackbird, turkey vulture, red-tailed hawk, American kestrel. In 1997, the hardwood floor and baskets were sold to Grace Christian School of Staunton, Virginia for a price of $26,000; the seating capacity for basketball was as follows: Details of the demolition at Independence Excavating's website|via=Wayback Machine Arenas by Munsey & Suppes
The Cavaliers–Warriors rivalry is a National Basketball Association rivalry between the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Golden State Warriors. While the two teams have played each other since the Cavaliers joined the league in 1970, their rivalry began to develop in the 2014–15 season, when they met in the first of four consecutive NBA Finals, from 2015 to 2018. Prior to the streak beginning, no pair of teams had faced each other in more than two consecutive Finals. Of these four series, the Warriors have won three championships, the Cavaliers won in 2016; the Warriors dominated the early series, going 37–22 from 1970 to 1991. The Cavaliers would win 10 straight games from 1992 to 1996 to reduce Golden State's lead to 37–32; the two teams played each other close during LeBron James' first stint with the Cavaliers in the 2000s. From 2010 to 2014, James left the Cavaliers to play for the Miami Heat while the Warriors were a lottery team; the Warriors led the head-to-head series 53–50 through the end of the 2013–14 season.
James returned to the Cavaliers during the 2014 off-season. The Cavaliers acquired All-Star power forward Kevin Love for Andrew Wiggins and other assets; the Cavaliers became the favorite to win the East, as they had an All-Star point guard in Kyrie Irving and other rising stars such as Tristan Thompson. In the Western Conference, the Warriors were a team led by their backcourt of the "Splash Brothers", Stephen Curry and Klay Thompson, a developed fast-paced, up-tempo offense, consisting of three point shooting. Going into the season, the Cavaliers were favored to make it to the NBA Finals; the team started off the season poorly, with Love struggling in his new role and SG Dion Waiters unable to handle being relegated to a secondary role. The Cavaliers started off the season with a dismal record of 19–20. James missed two weeks in January with a back injury; that month, the Cavaliers traded away Waiters to the Oklahoma City Thunder in a three-team deal with the New York Knicks. They acquired defensive asset Iman Shumpert.
The team acquired center and rim protector Timofey Mozgov in a separate trade. These players were critical for the team's return to the top of the Eastern Conference; the Warriors started off the season 21–2, with a 16-game winning streak, which made them the early title favorites. Stephen Curry became a Most Valuable Player candidate. Curry was improving off of last year's All-Star season. Klay Thompson became one of the best shooting guards, three-point shooters, two-way players in the league. Draymond Green averaged about 12 points, 8 rebounds, 4 assists per game. Rookie head coach Steve Kerr was a candidate for Coach of the Year; the two teams split their head-to-head meetings each winning on its home court. Irving, James and Thompson were all named to their respective NBA All Star teams, with Curry finishing first in the all-star voting, LeBron James finishing in second. Curry won the NBA MVP Award, averaging 23.8 points, 7.7 assists, 2.0 steals per game, shot 44.3% from three-point territory.
James was third in MVP voting. He averaged 25.3 PPG, 6.0 RPG, 7.4 APG. They were featured on the All-NBA First Team. Irving and Thompson made the All-NBA team as well; the Cavaliers finished the season with a record of 53–29, the Warriors finished the season with a record of 67–15. The Warriors and the Cavaliers only lost five games combined in the first three rounds of the playoffs. For the first time in NBA Finals history, both teams were coached by rookie head coaches with Steve Kerr and David Blatt; the Cavaliers faced injury trouble. Irving left Game 1 of the Finals in overtime after fracturing his left kneecap; the Warriors won Game 1 in a 108–100 overtime thriller. Game 2 went into overtime, the all-around efforts of LeBron James and Matthew Dellavedova’s stellar defense on Steph Curry took the game 95–93. James had carried the limping Cavaliers to a 2 -- 1 lead over the Warriors; the Warriors would win the next three games to take home the 2015 NBA Championship. Andre Iguodala would win the NBA Finals MVP, although James averaged 35.8 PPG, 13.3 RPG, 8.8 APG in a losing effort.
The Warriors opened the 2015–16 season going 24–0, the most wins without a loss to start a season in NBA history and the second-longest winning streak in NBA history. By the All-Star break, the Warriors' record was a stellar 48–4, including a pair of regular season victories against Cleveland; this was the best record at an all-star break in league history. Curry and Draymond Green earned all-star selections. Golden State went on to break the 1995–96 Chicago Bulls 72–10 season record by winning 73 games. Stephen Curry became the first unanimous MVP in the history of the NBA that year. Despite their regular season dominance, the Warriors struggled in the Western Conference playoffs. After defeating the Houston Rockets and Portland Trail Blazers without Curry for several games due to injuries, the Warriors were pushed to seven games by the Oklahoma City Thunder in the Western Conference Finals; the Thunder jumped to a 3–1 lead but the Warriors were able to battle their way back and win the series.
The Cavaliers faced some challenges in the 2015–16 campaign. Irving was recovering from a knee injury sustained in Game 1 of the previous season's Finals and would miss most of the first half of the season. Despite some hardship, Cleveland performed well throughout the first half of the season. Halfway through the campaign, with a record of 30–11, head coach David Blatt was replaced by Tyronn Lue; the team finished the regular season with the best record in the E
William Mark Price is an American former basketball player and coach. He was most the head coach of the UNC Charlotte 49ers; as a player, he played for 12 seasons in the National Basketball Association, from 1986 to 1998. Spending the majority of his career with the Cleveland Cavaliers, his last three years consisted of one season each with the Washington Bullets, Golden State Warriors, Orlando Magic. Standing at 6 feet tall, Price played college basketball at Georgia Tech. During his time playing on the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets men's basketball team, he was a two-time All American and four-time All ACC basketball player who helped lead the Yellow Jackets to an ACC Championship his junior year by defeating North Carolina in the ACC Tournament championship game, he was named the ACC Player of the Year for the 1984–85 season and his jersey was retired. He was inducted into the school's Hall of Fame in 1991 and into the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame in 2005. Price graduated in four years with a degree in Industrial Management.
All-time Georgia Tech leader in 3-point field goal percentage All-time Georgia Tech leader in steals All-time Georgia Tech leader in consecutive games started All-time Georgia Tech leader in minutes played A point guard, he mystified critics who said he was too slow, too small and too deliberate for a high-level game. Selected first in the second round by the Dallas Mavericks in the 1986 NBA draft, he was acquired by the Cleveland Cavaliers in a draft day trade that helped turn the team into an Eastern Conference power. Price was known as one of the league's most consistent shooters, he finished his career with a 90.4% free throw shooting percentage and a 40% three-point field goal shooting percentage. During the 1988–89 season, Price became the second player, after Larry Bird, to join the NBA's 50–40–90 club for those who shot at least 40% from three-point range, at least 50% from the field and at least 90% from the free throw line in a single season, is still one of only seven players to have done this while achieving the NBA league minimum number of makes in each category.
Price ranked among the assist leaders, twice won the Three Point Contest, was a four-time All-Star. Price was named to the All-NBA First Team after the 1992–93 season. Price was second in franchise steals with 734, a Cavaliers record that stood until December 9, 2008 when LeBron James surpassed him. Another one of Price's distinguishing traits on the court was his pioneering of the splitting of the double team; as former teammate Steve Kerr explains, "Mark revolutionized the way that people attack the screen and roll. To me, he was the first guy in the NBA who split the screen and roll. A lot of teams started blitzing the pick and roll and jumping two guys at it to take the ball out of the hands of the point guard. He'd shoot that little runner in the lane. Nobody was doing that at that time. You watch an NBA game now and everybody does that. Mark was a pioneer in that regard." Price was plagued by injuries late in his career, a factor in his trade to the Washington Bullets prior to the 1995–96 season.
He played one season for Washington before moving on to the Golden State Warriors with whom he spent the 1996–97 season. On October 28, 1997, Price was traded to the Orlando Magic for David Vaughn Brian Shaw, he spent two seasons with the Magic before being waived on June 30, 1998 ending his career. During his career Price represented the United States national team, he played for them in the 1983 Pan American Games where the team won gold medals, represented the national team in the 1994 FIBA World Championship, where they were known as Dream Team II, won gold medals. Not long after retirement, Price's number, 25, was retired by the Cleveland Cavaliers, he is a member of the Georgia and Oklahoma Sports Halls of Fame. The city of Enid, renamed the basketball arena Mark Price Arena, as a tribute to the NBA player's accomplishments, since he was one of the best basketball athletes in Enid High School history, his brother Brent Price played ten seasons in the NBA. His daughter Caroline had a short stint in professional tennis after playing for the North Carolina Tar Heels.
Mark Price began his coaching career during the 1998–99 basketball season as a community coach under head coach and friend Joe Marelle at Duluth High School for the varsity boys team. After Marelle discovered he had non-Hodgkins lymphoma, Price became a primary factor in the team's return trip to the final four of the class 5A GHSA state tournament, it was the first time. Price went on to be an assistant coach to Bobby Cremins at Georgia Tech during the 1999–2000 season. After Cremins retired from coaching at Georgia Tech, Price went on the following year to be the head coach at Whitefield Academy in Atlanta for the 2000–01 season leading the team to a 27-5 record and the final eight teams of the state Class A tournament, a 20 win improvement over the prior season and 27 win improvement two seasons before Price arrived. NBA player Josh Smith played at Whitefield Academy the same season Price was coach. In 2002, Price won the John Wooden Keys to Life Award. In 2003, Price was a consultant for the NBA's Denver Nuggets.
He became an NBA television analyst and color commentator for both the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Atlanta Hawks. In March 2006, Price was named the inaugural head coach of the Australian NBL's South Dragons, a new franchise for the 2006–07 season. Price was th
Koby Altman is the general manager of the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association. Altman was raised in New York. Altman received his bachelor's degree at Middlebury College as a Posse Foundation Scholar, where he was a three-year starter at point guard for the basketball team. After graduation, he went into real estate investment sales for three years, he went to the University of Massachusetts Amherst, earning a master's degree in sports management. During that time, he was an assistant coach at nearby Amherst College. After his graduation from UMass, Altman continued in college coaching for several years, first as a graduate assistant at Southern Illinois in 2009–10 and as a full-time assistant at Columbia, he is Jewish. Altman joined the Cavaliers front office in 2012, would rise through the ranks, was part of the 2016 NBA Championship team as director of pro personnel, became assistant general manager for the 2016–17 season before being promoted to GM on July 24, 2017; when he was hired as the Cavaliers' GM in 2017, he was just one of four African American GMs in the league and one of the few NBA GMs, Jewish.
In his first major move as general manager, he acquired an unprotected 2018 first-round draft pick, All-Star point guard Isaiah Thomas, rookie center Ante Žižić, small forward Jae Crowder, a 2020 second-round pick from the Boston Celtics in exchange for disgruntled star point guard Kyrie Irving. In September 2017, Altman's second major move came in the signing of three-time NBA Champion and multi-time All-Star guard Dwyane Wade. In February 2018, Altman made several trades during the trade deadline which all totaled saw Thomas, Channing Frye, Derrick Rose, Iman Shumpert, Dwyane Wade, their 2018 first-round pick traded away. In return, the Cavaliers received Rodney Hood, George Hill, Jordan Clarkson, Larry Nance Jr.. 2016 NBA Champion
Case Western Reserve University
Case Western Reserve University is a private research university in Cleveland, Ohio. It was created in 1967 through the federation of two longstanding contiguous institutions: Western Reserve University, founded in 1826 and named for its location in the Connecticut Western Reserve, Case Institute of Technology, founded in 1880 through the endowment of Leonard Case, Jr.. Time magazine described the merger as the creation of "Cleveland's Big-Leaguer" university. Seventeen Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Case Western Reserve or one of its two predecessors. In U. S. News & World Report's 2018 rankings, Case Western Reserve was ranked 37th among national universities and 146th among global universities. In 2016, the inaugural edition of The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education ranked Case Western Reserve as 32nd among all universities and 29th among private institutions; the campus is 5 miles east of Downtown Cleveland in the neighborhood known as University Circle, an area encompassing 550 acres containing what has been called the greatest concentration of educational and cultural institutions within one square mile of the United States.
Case Western Reserve has a number of programs taught in conjunction with University Circle institutions, including the Cleveland Clinic, the University Hospitals of Cleveland, the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veteran's Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland Institute of Music, the Cleveland Hearing & Speech Center, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Institute of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the Cleveland Play House. Severance Hall, home of the Cleveland Orchestra, resides on Case Western Reserve campus. Case Western Reserve is well known for its medical school, business school, dental school, law school, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Department of Biomedical Engineering and its biomedical teaching and research capabilities. Case Western Reserve is a member of the Association of American Universities. Case is a leading institution for research in electrochemical engineering; the famous Michelson–Morley interferometer experiment was conducted in 1887 in the basement of a campus dormitory by Albert A. Michelson of Case School of Applied Science and Edward W. Morley of Western Reserve University.
This experiment proved the non-existence of the luminiferous ether and was understood as convincing evidence in support of special relativity as proposed by Albert Einstein in 1905. Michelson became the first American to win a Nobel Prize in science; the commemorative Michelson-Morley Memorial Fountain as well as an Ohio Historical Marker are located on campus, near where the actual experiment was performed. Case Western Reserve University was created in 1967, when Western Reserve University and Case Institute of Technology, institutions, neighbors for 81 years, formally federated. Western Reserve College, named from the Connecticut Western Reserve, was founded in 1826 in Hudson, Ohio. Western Reserve College, or "Reserve" as it was popularly called, was the first college in northern Ohio. Along with Presbyterian influences of its founding, the school's origins were associated with the pre-Civil War Abolitionist movement due to the influence of President Charles Backus Storrs, Elizur Wright, David Hudson.
In fact, Western Reserve was to first university in Ohio and west of the Appalachian Mountains to enroll and graduate an African American student, John Sykes Fayette. The abolitionist views were so strong, Frederick Douglass gave the commencement speech in 1854. In 1838, the Loomis Observatory was built by astronomer Elias Loomis, today remains the second oldest observatory in the United States. In 1852, the Medical School became the second school in the United States to graduate a woman, Nancy Talbot Clark. Five more women graduated over the next four years, including Emily Blackwell, giving Western Reserve the distinction of graduating six of the first eight female physicians in the United States. By 1875, Cleveland had emerged as the dominant population and business center of the region, the city wanted a prominent higher education institution. In 1882, with funding from Amasa Stone, Western Reserve College moved to Cleveland and changed its name to Adelbert College of Western Reserve University.
Adelbert was the name of Stone's son. In 1877, Leonard Case Jr. began laying the groundwork for the Case School of Applied Science by secretly donating valuable pieces of Cleveland real estate to a trust. He asked his confidential advisor, Henry Gilbert Abbey, to administer the trust and to keep it secret until after his death in 1880. On March 29, 1880, articles of incorporation were filed for the founding of the Case School of Applied Science. Classes began on September 15, 1881; the school received its charter by the state of Ohio in 1882. For the first four years of the school's existence, it was located in the Case family's home on Rockwell Street in downtown Cleveland. Classes were held in the family house, while the chemistry and physics laboratories were on the second floor of the barn. Amasa Stone's gift to relocate Western Reserve College to Cleveland included a provision for the purchase of land in the University Circle area, adjacent to Western Reserve University, for the Case School of Applied Science.
The school relocated to University Circle in 1885. During World War II, Case School of Applied Science was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Nav
Moondog Coronation Ball
The Moondog Coronation Ball was a concert held at the Cleveland Arena in Cleveland, Ohio, on March 21, 1952. It is accepted as the first major rock and roll concert. Alan Freed had joined WJW-Radio in 1951 as the host of a classical-music program, but he took up a different kind of music at the suggestion of Cleveland record-store owner Leo Mintz, who had noted with great interest the growing popularity, among young customers of all races, of rhythm-and-blues records by black musicians. Mintz decided to sponsor Freed's three hours of late-night programming. Once they saw the popularity of the program increase, they decided on holding a live dance event featuring some of the artists whose records were appearing on Freed’s show; the concert was organized by Freed, along with Lew Platt, a local concert promoter, Freed's sponsors, including Mintz, owner of the Record Rendezvous store. The concert featured Tiny Grimes, Paul Williams and the Hucklebuckers, the Rocking Highlanders. On the bill were the Dominoes, Varetta Dillard and Danny Cobb.
The concert was held on March 21, 1952. More tickets were printed than the arena's actual capacity, in part due to counterfeiting and a printing error. With an estimated 20,000 individuals trying to crowd into an arena that held more than half that — and worries that a riot might break out as people tried to crowd in — the fire authorities shut down the concert after the first song by opening act Paul "Hucklebuck" Williams ended. Freed made a public apology on WJW the next day. Cleveland rock radio station WMMS attempted to stage a revival of the concert in 1986 under the name "Moondog Coronation Ball II". For legal reasons, the event never materialized. A few years in 1992, Gorman at local oldies radio station WMJI organized a 40th anniversary concert called "Moondog Coronation Ball'92"; the concert has been held every year since, featuring oldies rock and roll acts, sponsored by WMJI. In recent years, the event has been held at Quicken Loans Arena. Wolff, Carlo. Cleveland Rock and Roll Memories: True and Tall Tales of the Glory Days, Told by Musicians, DJs, Fans Who Made the Scene in the'60s,'70s, and'80s.
Cleveland, Ohio: Gray & Company, Publishers. ISBN 978-1-886228-99-3. FiftiesWeb.com: Moondog Coronation Ball WMJI.com: 2014 Moondog Coronation Ball WMJI.com: 2016 Moondog Coronation Ball